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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769115/lifestyle-choices-and-mental-health-a-longitudinal-survey-with-german-and-chinese-students
#1
Julia Velten, Angela Bieda, Saskia Scholten, André Wannemüller, Jürgen Margraf
BACKGROUND: A healthy lifestyle can be beneficial for one's mental health. Thus, identifying healthy lifestyle choices that promote psychological well-being and reduce mental problems is useful to prevent mental disorders. The aim of this longitudinal study was to evaluate the predictive values of a broad range of lifestyle choices for positive mental health (PMH) and mental health problems (MHP) in German and Chinese students. METHOD: Data were assessed at baseline and at 1-year follow-up...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768925/household-implementation-of-smoke-free-rules-in-homes-and-cars-a-focus-on-adolescent-smoking-behavior-and-secondhand-smoke-exposure
#2
Michael J Parks, John H Kingsbury, Raymond G Boyle, Sharrilyn Evered
PURPOSE: This study addresses the dearth of population-based research on how comprehensive household smoke-free rules (ie, in the home and car) relate to tobacco use and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among adolescents. DESIGN: Analysis of 2014 Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey. SETTING: Representative sample of Minnesota youth. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1287 youth who lived with a smoker. MEASURES: Measures included household smoke-free rules (no rules, partial rules-home or car, but not both-and comprehensive rules), lifetime and 30-day cigarette use, 30-day cigarette and other product use, and SHS exposure in past 7 days in home and car...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754122/schizophrenia-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#3
V Mamakou, A Thanopoulou, F Gonidakis, N Tentolouris, V Kontaxakis
Schizophrenia is associated with increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus, resulting in elevated cardiovascular risk and limited life expectancy, translated into a weighted average of 14.5 years of potential life lost and an overall weighted average life expectancy of 64.7 years. The exact prevalence of type 2 diabetes among people with schizophrenia varies across studies and ranges 2-5fold higher than in the general population, whereas the aetiology is complex and multifactorial. Besides common diabetogenic factors, applied similarly in the general population, such as obesity, hyperlipidemia, smoking, hypertension, poor diet and limited physical activity, the co-occurrence of schizophrenia and diabetes is also attributed to unique conditions...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753587/association-between-eating-time-interval-and-frequency-with-ideal-cardiovascular-health-results-from-a-random-sample-czech-urban-population
#4
A Maugeri, S Kunzova, J R Medina-Inojosa, A Agodi, M Barchitta, M Homolka, N Kiacova, H Bauerova, O Sochor, F Lopez-Jimenez, M Vinciguerra
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The frequency and timing of meals may affect cardiovascular health (CVH) outcomes, but large-scale epidemiological studies are lacking. The aim of this study was to understand the relationship between eating time interval and frequency, and measures of ideal CVH in the Kardiovize Brno cohort study, a random urban sample population in Central Europe. METHODS AND RESULTS: 1659 members of the Kardiovize Brno 2030 cohort were included in a cross-sectional study (mean age = 46...
April 18, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749774/bladder-cancer-overview-and-disease-management-part-1-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#5
Beverley Anderson
Part 1 of this two-part article provides an overview of bladder cancer and discusses its management. Since publication of a previous article entitled 'Understanding the role of smoking in the aetiology of bladder cancer' ( Anderson, 2009 ), the author has received many requests for an update. This article provides an overview of bladder cancer and its current management practices, underlining the continued role of smoking as the predominant risk factor in the disease's development. The management of bladder cancer is governed by specific guidelines...
May 10, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749297/health-behavior-related-indicator-of-lifestyle-application-in-the-elsa-brasil-study
#6
Ana Luísa Patrão, Maria-da-Conceição C Almeida, Sheila Alvim, Dora Chor, Estela M L Aquino
Various behaviors are considered health enhancing. Nevertheless, according to the current scientific literature, four health behaviors are considered particularly risky in view of their association with a group of chronic diseases: 1) smoking; 2) excessive alcohol consumption; 3) poor diet; and 4) lack of physical activity. Theoretically, it should be possible to make improvements to one's health by maximizing the number of healthy behaviors and minimizing the unhealthy ones. However, in reality, the different behaviors interconnect to create more complex lifestyles...
May 1, 2018: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747673/ethnobotanical-survey-of-plants-used-as-repellents-against-housefly-musca-domestica-l-diptera-muscidae-in-budondo-subcounty-jinja-district-uganda
#7
Kalori Baana, Harriet Angwech, Geoffrey Maxwell Malinga
BACKGROUND: The housefly, Musca domestica L., is a major public health and domestic pest that spoils food and causes irritation and is a vector of many infectious disease pathogens of medical and veterinary importance. Currently, its control relies largely on chemical pesticides. However, the adverse health and environmental effects of pesticides, risk of development of insect resistance, and bioaccumulation through the food chain emphasize the need to search for environmentally friendly alternatives...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747412/lifestyle-health-behaviors-of-nurses-and-midwives-the-fit-for-the-future-study
#8
Lin Perry, Xiaoyue Xu, Robyn Gallagher, Rachel Nicholls, David Sibbritt, Christine Duffield
Nurses and midwives (nurses) are the principle role models and health educators for the wider population. This study sought to identify the health-related behaviors of the nursing workforce of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, compared to contemporary recommendations for healthy living and to the Australian general population, matched by gender and age. An electronic cross-sectional survey delivered in 2014⁻2015 recruited 5041 nurses through the NSW Nurses and Midwives Association and professional networks...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743062/-we-don-t-want-our-clothes-to-smell-smoke-changing-malaria-control-practices-and-opportunities-for-integrated-community-based-management-in-baringo-kenya
#9
Jacinter A Amadi, Daniel O Olago, George O Ong'amo, Silas O Oriaso, Isaac K Nyamongo, Benson B A Estambale
BACKGROUND: The decline in global malaria cases is attributed to intensified utilization of primary vector control interventions and artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). These strategies are inadequate in many rural areas, thus adopting locally appropriate integrated malaria control strategies is imperative in these heterogeneous settings. This study aimed at investigating trends and local knowledge on malaria and to develop a framework for malaria control for communities in Baringo, Kenya...
May 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733037/employee-characteristics-and-health-belief-variables-related-to-smoking-cessation-engagement-attitudes
#10
Tamara D Street, Sarah J Lacey
BACKGROUND: Workplace smoking cessation programs can effectively assist employees to quit smoking. However, little is known about employees' attitudes towards engagement in workplace smoking cessation programs. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to address the limited understanding of the interaction between employee characteristics and their health beliefs toward engaging in a workplace smoking cessation program. METHODS: Self-report data was collected from 897 employees of a mining company operating in two remote towns in Australia...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731483/-the-current-situation-and-agendas-in-the-prevention-and-control-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-vietnam
#11
Kiyoko Hattori, Hidenori Uda, Yoshiaki Hitomi, Ryosuke Yano, Takao Saijo, Naoyuki Watanabe, Maki Satomi, Aya Yoshida, Osamu Oishi, Tsuyoshi Yamashita, Akira Kamenosono
Objectives In Vietnam, the number of patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has been increasing in recent years in association with the country's remarkable economic growth and corresponding changes in its population's lifestyle. The purposes of this research were to identify the challenges in the prevention and control of NCDs in Vietnam and to discuss countermeasures for NCDs in Vietnam and Japan.Methods As a 2015 Regional Public Health Overall Promotion Project, an investigation team consisting of 11 public health physicians visited Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, and its vicinities from January 11, 2016 to January 15, 2016...
2018: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731164/influence-of-wellness-education-on-first-line-icotinib-hydrochloride-patients-with-stage-iv-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-their-family-caregivers
#12
Li Yanwei, Fang Minghui, Quan Manman, Yan Zhuchun, Liu Dongying, Pan Zhanyu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the effects of wellness education (WE) intervention on the behavioral change, psychological status, performance status on patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) undergoing icotinib hydrochloride treatment and their relationships with family caregivers. METHODS: We conducted an intervention study involving 126 individuals with confirmed activating epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive stage IV NSCLC who received icotinib hydrochloride as first-line therapy between January 2014 and January 2016; their caregivers were also included in the study...
April 11, 2018: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730607/cross-sectional-associations-of-active-transport-employment-status-and-objectively-measured-physical-activity-analyses-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#13
Lin Yang, Liang Hu, J Aaron Hipp, Kellie R Imm, Rudolph Schutte, Brendon Stubbs, Graham A Colditz, Lee Smith
BACKGROUND: To investigate associations between active transport, employment status and objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in a representative sample of US adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses of data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A total of 5180 adults (50.2 years old, 49.0% men) were classified by levels of active transportation and employment status. Outcome measure was weekly time spent in MVPA as recorded by the Actigraph accelerometer...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728371/ideal-cardiovascular-health-metrics-in-couples-a-community-based-study
#14
Sebhat Erqou, Oluremi Ajala, Claudia E Bambs, Andrew D Althouse, Michael S Sharbaugh, Jared Magnani, Aryan Aiyer, Steven E Reis
BACKGROUND: Determination of the correlation of ideal cardiovascular health variables among spousal or cohabitating partners may guide the development of couple-based interventions to reduce cardiovascular disease risk. METHOD AND RESULTS: We used data from the HeartSCORE (Heart Strategies Concentrating on Risk Evaluation) study. Ideal cardiovascular health, defined by the American Heart Association, comprises nonsmoking, body mass index <25 kg/m2 , physical activity at goal, diet consistent with guidelines, untreated total cholesterol <200 mg/dL, untreated blood pressure <120/80 mm Hg, and untreated fasting glucose <100 mg/dL...
May 4, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727588/disparities-in-hospital-smoking-cessation-treatment-by-immigrant-status
#15
Jenny Chen, Ellie Grossman, Alissa Link, Binhuan Wang, Scott Sherman
Despite the efficacy of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in promoting smoking cessation, no studies have been done to evaluate NRT prescribing rates among immigrants, a vulnerable minority population in the United States. The aim of this study is to explore for differences in NRT prescribing behavior by immigrant status. Participants were enrolled in a smoking cessation trial for hospitalized patients between July 2011 and April 2014 at two NYC hospitals. For this analysis, we used baseline data from patient surveys and electronic medical-record reviews to examine associations between immigrant status and prescription of NRT in-hospital and on discharge, as well as acceptance of NRT in-hospital...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725193/the-healthkick-study-modifiable-lifestyle-factors-in-primary-caregivers-of-primary-school-learners-from-two-school-districts-in-the-western-cape-province-south-africa
#16
Anniza de Villiers, Marjanne Senekal, Johanna Nel, Catherine E Draper, Estelle Lambert, Nelia P Steyn
Background: The HealthKick (HK) study showed that educators (teachers) had a high prevalence of risk factors for the development of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Little data are available on parents or other primary caregivers of learners from disadvantaged schools. Aim: The aim of our study was to determine modifiable risk factors for the development of NCDs in a sample of caregivers of schools included in the HK intervention program. Participants: Caregivers of grade 4 children from 25 schools were invited to take part in the study and 175 participated...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724200/cigarette-waterpipe-and-e-cigarette-use-among-an-international-sample-of-medical-students-cross-sectional-multicenter-study-in-germany-and-hungary
#17
Erika Balogh, Nóra Faubl, Henna Riemenschneider, Péter Balázs, Antje Bergmann, Károly Cseh, Ferenc Horváth, Jörg Schelling, András Terebessy, Zoltán Wagner, Karen Voigt, Zsuzsanna Füzesi, István Kiss
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death worldwide. Besides cigarette smoking, waterpipe and e-cigarettes are gaining popularity among young adults. Medical students' smoking behavior is of particular interest because of their impending role in health promotion as future physicians. Aim of our study is to examine the prevalence and predictors of cigarette, waterpipe and e-cigarette use and the association of tobacco use with self-reported health status in an international sample of medical students...
May 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718549/are-australian-smokers-with-mental-illness-receiving-adequate-smoking-cessation-and-harm-reduction-information
#18
Ratika Sharma-Kumar, Carla Meurk, Pauline Ford, Diana Beere, Coral Gartner
Provision of smoking cessation support in the form of advice and information is central to increasing quit rates, including among people with mental illness (MI), who have 3-5 times higher odds of smoking than those without MI. This study investigated the extent and perceived utility of quit smoking advice and information available to Australian smokers with MI through face-to-face, semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 29 current smokers with MI. Qualitative analysis identified four major sources of quit smoking advice and information: (i) mental health practitioners; (ii) Quitline; (iii) social networks; and (iv) Internet and media...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715300/public-versus-internal-conceptions-of-addiction-an-analysis-of-internal-philip-morris-documents
#19
Jesse Elias, Yogi Hale Hendlin, Pamela M Ling
BACKGROUND: Tobacco addiction is a complex, multicomponent phenomenon stemming from nicotine's pharmacology and the user's biology, psychology, sociology, and environment. After decades of public denial, the tobacco industry now agrees with public health authorities that nicotine is addictive. In 2000, Philip Morris became the first major tobacco company to admit nicotine's addictiveness. Evolving definitions of addiction have historically affected subsequent policymaking. This article examines how Philip Morris internally conceptualized addiction immediately before and after this announcement...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714992/issues-in-geriatric-care-maintaining-health-and-vigor
#20
Richard J Ackermann
Medicare covers annual wellness visits that are scheduled separately from regular medical appointments. These visits focus on prevention and health maintenance to help patients achieve successful aging, which is defined as living to old age without disability while also maintaining high physical and psychological levels of functioning and social engagement. To achieve these goals, most adults should perform at least 150 min/week of moderate-intensity exercise and maintain an optimal body mass index (ie, 23 to 32 kg/m2 )...
May 2018: FP Essentials
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