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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651388/-tobacco-use-rate-and-associated-factors-in-middle-school-students-in-china
#1
L Xiao, G Z Feng, Y Jiang, J R Zhang, L X Liu
Objective: To understand tobacco use rate and explore the factors associated with tobacco use in middle school students in China. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted among 155 117 eligible middle students selected through multi-stage stratified cluster sampling from 31 provinces of China. The questionnaire consists of the following topics: tobacco use and cessation, passive smoking, access to tobacco products, tobacco control and tobacco advertisement, and knowledge about and attitudes to tobacco...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647844/digital-health-technologies-to-promote-lifestyle-change-and-adherence
#2
REVIEW
Numan Khan, Francoise A Marvel, Jane Wang, Seth S Martin
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide with an estimated 17.5 million deaths annually, or 31% of all global deaths, according to the World Health Organization. The majority of these deaths are preventable by addressing lifestyle modification (i.e., smoking cessation, diet, obesity, and physical inactivity) and promoting medication adherence. At present, initiatives to develop cost-effective modalities to support self-management, lifestyle modification, and medication adherence are a leading priority...
August 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645271/association-of-stress-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-with-subjective-oral-health-status-and-oral-functions-in-korean-adults-aged-35%C3%A2-years-or-more
#3
Young Sun Kim, Han-Na Kim, Jung-Ha Lee, Se-Yeon Kim, Eun-Joo Jun, Jin-Bom Kim
BACKGROUND: Oral health greatly affects well-being throughout the different stages of life from childhood to late adulthood. Loss of teeth due to poor oral health hinders mastication, leading to poor nutrition absorption, and affects pronunciation and aesthetics, leading to interpersonal difficulties. As social activities become limited, a sense of isolation and loneliness, stress, and depression grows while happiness decreases. This study aimed to examine the association of stress, depression, and suicidal ideation with oral health status and oral functions in a large nationwide sample of Korean adults aged 35 years or more...
June 23, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642871/promoting-mental-health-in-italian-middle-and-high-school-a-pilot-study
#4
Franco Veltro, Valentina Ialenti, Manuel Alejandro Morales García, Emiliana Bonanni, Claudia Iannone, Marinella D'Innocenzo, Antonella Gigantesco
AIM: In Italy, a handbook has been developed based on the principles of cooperative learning, life skills, self-effectiveness, and problem-solving at high school level. Early studies have shown the handbook's effectiveness. It has been hypothesized that the revised handbook could be more effective in middle schools. METHOD: The study design is a "pre- and posttest" that compares the results obtained from 91 students of the high schools with those of the 38 students from middle schools...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637439/a-qualitative-analysis-of-smokers-perceptions-about-lung-cancer-screening
#5
Lindsay Gressard, Amy S DeGroff, Thomas B Richards, Stephanie Melillo, Julia Kish-Doto, Christina L Heminger, Elizabeth A Rohan, Kristine Gabuten Allen
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) began recommending lung cancer screening for high risk smokers aged 55-80 years using low-dose computed tomography (CT) scan. In light of these updated recommendations, there is a need to understand smokers' knowledge of and experiences with lung cancer screening in order to inform the design of patient education and tobacco cessation programs. The purpose of this study is to describe results of a qualitative study examining smokers' perceptions around lung cancer screening tests...
June 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636624/metabolically-healthy-obesity-is-associated-with-higher-prevalence-of-colorectal-adenoma
#6
Dong Hyun Sinn, Yang Won Min, Hee Jung Son, Poong-Lyul Rhee, Seung Woon Paik, Sung Noh Hong, Geum-Youn Gwak
BACKGROUND: The risk of colorectal adenoma (CRA), an important precursor of colorectal cancer, is largely unknown among obese individuals without obesity-related metabolic abnormalities, a condition described as metabolically-healthy obese (MHO). The aim of this study was to examine the association among metabolic status, the different categories of body mass index (BMI), and CRA in a large cohort of adults. METHODS: We analyzed the association among metabolic status, BMI categories and CRA in asymptomatic adults who underwent a first-time colonoscopy as part of the comprehensive health check-up program at the Health Promotion Center of Samsung Medical Center, from January 2005 to December 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622193/the-lifestyle-information-and-intervention-preferences-of-teenage-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#7
Gemma Pugh, Rachael Hough, Helen Gravestock, Jessica B Haddrell, Rebecca J Beeken, Abigail Fisher
BACKGROUND: Little is currently known about how best to promote healthy lifestyle choices among teenage and young adult (TYA) cancer survivors. Such data gathered from a patient-centered perspective are instrumental for the development of health behavior change interventions for young people with cancer. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the lifestyle information needs of TYA cancer survivors and their preferences regarding lifestyle information and intervention delivery...
June 15, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619115/effectiveness-of-a-physical-activity-program-on-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-adult-primary-health-care-users-the-pas-a-pas-community-intervention-trial
#8
Victoria Arija, Felipe Villalobos, Roser Pedret, Angels Vinuesa, Mercé Timón, Teresa Basora, Dolors Aguas, Josep Basora
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is a major, modifiable, risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that contributes to the prevention and management of CVD. The aim of this study was to assess the short- and medium-term effectiveness of 9 months of a supervised physical activity program, including sociocultural activities, on CVD risk in adults. METHODS: Multicentered, randomized, controlled community intervention involving 364 patients in four primary care centers...
June 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618086/jordanian-nurses-perception-and-interventions-related-to-promoting-smoking-cessation
#9
Inaam A Khalaf, Fathieh Abu-Moghli, Susan A LaRocco, Dua' Yousef Al-Maharma
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This research aims to determine nurses' perceptions related to smoking cessation, health promotion, and interventions provided to hospitalized patients. BACKGROUND: Smoking is a major health problem in Jordan. The cost for treating smoking- related health conditions is a significant strain on the health care system. Nurses are in an ideal position to encourage smoking cessation. Little is known about Jordanian nurses' perceptions related to smoking cessation issues...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617238/public-health-policy-in-support-of-insurance-coverage-for-smoking-cessation-treatments
#10
Robert Schwartz, Farzana Haji, Alexey Babayan, Christopher Longo, Roberta Ferrence
Insurance coverage for evidence-based smoking cessation treatments (SCTs) promotes uptake and reduces smoking rates. Published studies in this area are based in the US where employers are the primary source of health insurance. In Ontario, Canada, publicly funded healthcare does not cover SCTs, but it can be supplemented with employer-sponsored benefit plans. This study explores factors affecting the inclusion/exclusion of smoking cessation (SC) benefits. In total, 17 interviews were conducted with eight employers (auto, retail, banking, municipal and university industries), four health insurers, two government representatives and three advisors/consultants...
May 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616898/smoking-and-the-eye-what-qu%C3%A3-bec-teenagers-know-and-fear
#11
Julie Brûlé, Benoît Tousignant, Stéphanie Marcotte, Marie-Christelle Moreau
BACKGROUND: Although most people associate smoking with lung cancer and heart disease, few are aware of the impact of smoking on ocular health. Studies have suggested a better knowledge of this association might promote higher quit rates, particularly in teenagers. The purpose of our study was to determine the knowledge of teenagers about the effects of smoking on ocular health and the fear associated with several tobacco-related health conditions. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 180 high school students aged 14 to 17 years...
June 14, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616847/interactive-voice-response-calls-to-promote-smoking-cessation-after-hospital-discharge-pooled-analysis-of-two-randomized-clinical-trials
#12
Nancy A Rigotti, Yuchiao Chang, Lisa C Rosenfeld, Sandra J Japuntich, Elyse R Park, Hilary A Tindle, Douglas E Levy, Zachary Z Reid, Joanna Streck, Timothy Gomperts, Jennifer H K Kelley, Daniel E Singer
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization offers smokers an opportunity to quit smoking. Starting cessation treatment in hospital is effective, but sustaining treatment after discharge is a challenge. Automated telephone calls with interactive voice response (IVR) technology could support treatment continuance after discharge. OBJECTIVE: To assess smokers' use of and satisfaction with an IVR-facilitated intervention and to test the relationship between intervention dose and smoking cessation...
June 14, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616739/petrol-filling-workers-as-biomonitor-of-pah-exposure-and-functional-health-capacity-in-resource-limited-settings-of-city-rawalpindi-pakistan
#13
Audil Rashid, Shu Taov, Ikhtiar Uddin, Atif Kamal
This is the first study from Pakistan to report the exposure of petrol filling workers (n = 120) to naphthalene (Nap) and pyrene (Pyr) in relation to their functional capacities and health outcome. A group of non-exposed subjects (controls n = 46) was also recruited for comparison. The perceived health risk of the exposed workers was monitored using a questionnaire based on the self-reporting survey. The observed physical anomalies related to the health disorder included the acidity after meals, eye redness, appetite loss, skin lesions, and dryness of oral cavity, while those related to neurasthenic symptoms included the body aches, energy loss, twitching, fatigue, sleeplessness, fainting, and irritability...
June 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610482/randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-among-smokers-with-psychotic-disorders-outcomes-to-36%C3%A2-months
#14
Amanda L Baker, Robyn Richmond, Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Sacha L Filia, David Castle, Jill M Williams, Terry J Lewin, Vanessa Clark, Robin Callister, Kerrin Palazzi
OBJECTIVE: People living with psychotic disorders (schizophrenia spectrum and bipolar disorders) have high rates of cardiovascular disease risk behaviours, including smoking, physical inactivity and poor diet. We report cardiovascular disease risk, smoking cessation and other risk behaviour outcomes over 36 months following recruitment into a two-arm randomised controlled trial among smokers with psychotic disorders. METHODS: Participants ( N = 235) drawn from three sites were randomised to receive nicotine replacement therapy plus (1) a Healthy Lifestyles intervention delivered over approximately 9 months or (2) a largely telephone-delivered intervention (designed to control for nicotine replacement therapy provision, session frequency and other monitoring)...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603586/sleep-health-behaviors-and-behavioral-interventions-reducing-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-adults
#15
REVIEW
Jill L Kaar, Christina M Luberto, Kirsti A Campbell, Jeff C Huffman
Numerous health behaviors, including physical activity, diet, smoking, and sleep, play a major role in preventing the development and progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Among these behaviors, sleep may play a pivotal role, yet it has been studied somewhat less than other behaviors and there have been few well-designed sleep intervention studies targeting CVD. Furthermore, despite the fact that these behaviors are often interrelated, interventions tend to focus on changing one health behavior rather than concurrently intervening on multiple behaviors...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599739/development-and-evaluation-of-an-ipad-application-to-promote-knowledge-of-tobacco-use-and-cessation-by-pregnant-women
#16
Jo Ann Walsh Dotson, Rowena Pineda, Hannah Cylkowski, Solmaz Amiri
We describe the development and evaluation of an iPad application to promote knowledge of tobacco risk and cessation resources for pregnant women. Pregnant women completed a survey on tobacco use in pregnancy, and clinicians reviewed their tobacco cessation practices and resources. The women reported that content was easy to understand (98%) and helped them understand tobacco risks (94%). Tobacco users reported that the information helped them want to quit smoking (75%) and provided ideas on how to quit (58%)...
June 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595930/a-novel-hybrid-tobacco-product-that-delivers-a-tobacco-flavour-note-with-vapour-aerosol-part-2-in-vitro-biological-assessment-and-comparison-with-different-tobacco-heating-products
#17
Damien Breheny, Jason Adamson, David Azzopardi, Andrew Baxter, Emma Bishop, Tony Carr, Ian Crooks, Katherine Hewitt, Tomasz Jaunky, Sophie Larard, Frazer Lowe, Oluwatobiloba Oke, Mark Taylor, Simone Santopietro, David Thorne, Benjamin Zainuddin, Marianna Gaça, Chuan Liu, James Murphy, Christopher Proctor
This study assessed the toxicological and biological responses of aerosols from a novel hybrid tobacco product. Toxicological responses from the hybrid tobacco product were compared to those from a commercially available Tobacco Heating Product (c-THP), a prototype THP (p-THP) and a 3R4F reference cigarette, using in vitro test methods which were outlined as part of a framework to substantiate the risk reduction potential of novel tobacco and nicotine products. Exposure matrices used included total particulate matter (TPM), whole aerosol (WA), and aqueous aerosol extracts (AqE) obtained after machine-puffing the test products under the Health Canada Intense smoking regime...
June 5, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592705/smoking-cessation-without-educational-instruction-could-promote-the-development-of-metabolic-syndrome
#18
Shin Takayama, Hiroyuki Takase, Takamitsu Tanaka, Tomonori Sugiura, Nobuyuki Ohte, Yasuaki Dohi
AIM: Smoking cessation is particularly important for maintaining health; however, the subsequent risk of an increased body weight is of major concern. The present study investigated the influence of smoking cessation on the incidence of metabolic syndrome and its components in the Japanese general population. METHODS: This study enrolled individuals without metabolic syndrome or a history of smoking via our annual health checkup program (n=5,702, 55.2±11.5 years)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591352/depression-and-health-behaviors-in-brazilian-adults-pns-2013
#19
Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros, Margareth Guimarães Lima, Renata Cruz Soares de Azevedo, Lhais Barbosa de Paula Medina, Claudia de Souza Lopes, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Deborah Carvalho Malta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of health-related behaviors according to presence and type of depression in Brazilian adults. METHODS: Based on a sample of 49,025 adults (18 to 59 years) from the National Survey on Health 2013 (PNS 2013), we estimated the prevalence of health-related behaviors (smoking; passive smoking; frequent or risky alcohol consumption; leisure time physical activity; time watching TV; and eating pattern indicators), according to the presence of depression (minor and major), evaluated by the Patient Health Questionnaire - 9 (PHQ-9), and the report of depressive mood (in up to seven days or more than seven days) over a two-week period...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588429/the-associations-between-cigarette-smoking-and-health-related-behaviors-among-chinese-school-aged-adolescents
#20
Meng Wang, Hao Wang, Fang-Rong Fei, Chun-Xiao Xu, Xiao-Fu Du, Jie-Ming Zhong
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the interrelations between cigarette smoking and a cluster of lifestyle behaviors is scarce for the Chinese youth population. This study is conducted to identify the associations between cigarette smoking and multiple health-related behaviors in a Chinese sample of adolescents. METHODS: We used data from 2012 Zhejiang Youth Risk Behavior Survey, which is a school-based survey of 19,542 adolescents that assess risk behaviors using a self-reported questionnaire...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
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