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health promotion and smoking

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806464/beyond-back-to-sleep-ways-to-further-reduce-the-risk-of-sudden-infant-death-syndrome
#1
Fern R Hauck, Kawai O Tanabe
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) remains the leading cause of postneonatal mortality in the United States, despite reduction in rates of more than 50% since the initiation of the "Back to Sleep" (now called "Safe to Sleep") campaign in 1994. In recent years, the rate of decline in SIDS deaths has plateaued, even with the ongoing educational efforts that promote safe sleep and other risk reduction measures. The 2016 American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines for reducing the risk of SIDS focus heavily on sleep practices, bedding, and location, but also include factors that often receive less attention (ie, prenatal care, maternal smoking, alcohol and drug use, and childhood vaccinations)...
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804586/health-related-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-among-undergraduate-university-students
#2
Naim Nur, Ahmet Kıbık, Esma Kılıç, Haldun Sümer
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to explore factors associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among students of Cumhuriyet University, Turkey. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 1751 undergraduate students. HRQOL was measured using the Turkish version of 36-Item Short Form Health Survey questionnaire. We looked at the effect of sociodemographic characteristics (e.g., gender, age, drinking, and smoking) on the individual HRQOL domains...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801403/equipping-community-pharmacy-workers-as-agents-for-health-behaviour-change-developing-and-testing-a-theory-based-smoking-cessation-intervention
#3
Liz Steed, Ratna Sohanpal, Wai-Yee James, Carol Rivas, Sandra Jumbe, Angel Chater, Adam Todd, Elizabeth Edwards, Virginia Macneil, Fraser Macfarlane, Trisha Greenhalgh, Chris Griffiths, Sandra Eldridge, Stephanie Taylor, Robert Walton
OBJECTIVE: To develop a complex intervention for community pharmacy staff to promote uptake of smoking cessation services and to increase quit rates. DESIGN: Following the Medical Research Council framework, we used a mixed-methods approach to develop, pilot and then refine the intervention. METHODS: Phase I: We used information from qualitative studies in pharmacies, systematic literature reviews and the Capability, Opportunity, Motivation-Behaviour framework to inform design of the initial version of the intervention...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790545/smoking-cessation-advisory-intervention-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#4
Ioannis Vogiatzis, Alexandra Pantzartzidou, Sarantis Pittas, Eleutherios Papavasiliou
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have examined the efficacy of smoking cessation therapies in the general population. However little is known about the efficacy of these advisory methods in cardiovascular patients. AIM: The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence and the characteristics of smoking abstinence in cardiovascular patients, after a smoking intervention during hospitalization. METHODS: The study involved 442 patients, smokers admitted for cardiovascular disease to the Department of Cardiology...
April 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780830/-effects-of-workplace-health-promotion-in-a-wind-power-equipment-manufacturing-factory
#5
J Li, F S Wang, C Han, Y Pan
Objective: To explore the effects of workplace health promotion in a wind power equipment manufacturing factory. Methods: Based on investigation of occupational hazard factors, personal protective equipment (PPE) application, occupational health management and healthy life style, health promotion strategy and intervention were implemented in this factory. The sample size was 56 for monitoring of occupational hazard factors before and after intervention, 283 and 259 for questionnaire before and after intervention...
June 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780476/health-behaviour-information-provided-to-clients-during-midwife-led-prenatal-booking-visits-findings-from-video-analyses
#6
Ruth Baron, Linda Martin, Janneke T Gitsels-van der Wal, Janneke Noordman, Martijn W Heymans, Evelien R Spelten, Johannes Brug, Eileen K Hutton
OBJECTIVE: to quantify to what extent evidence-based health behaviour topics relevant for pregnancy are discussed with clients during midwife-led prenatal booking visits and to assess the association of client characteristics with the extent of information provided. DESIGN: quantitative video analyses. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 173 video recordings of prenatal booking visits with primary care midwives and clients in the Netherlands taking place between August 2010 and April 2011...
July 10, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771516/comparison-of-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-among-individuals-with-and-without-cardiovascular-diseases-from-urban-and-rural-areas-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Chuangshi Wang, Wei Li, Lu Yin, Jian Bo, Yaguang Peng, Yang Wang
INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to explore the gap of prevalence of healthy lifestyle behaviors including smoking cessation, quitting drinking, physical activity and healthy eating between Chinese adults with and without cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional component of Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE)-China study, which recruited ~46,000 participants from 70 rural and 45 urban communities between 2005 and 2009. Participants were divided into disease (with CVDs) and control (without any diseases) groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768939/latent-profile-analysis-of-lifestyle-characteristics-and-health-risk-behaviors-among-koreans-who-have-completed-industrial-accident-care
#8
Wan-Suk Choi, Ok-Kon Moon, Dong-Moon Yeum
This study investigated the characteristics and health behavior profiles of 1,803 workers who had experienced industrial accidents. Average weekly exercise days, average number of cigarettes smoked per day, average daily sleep duration, and number of days of alcohol consumption were selected to investigate health behavior profiles. Specifically, latent profile analysis was applied to identify the health behavior profiles of people who had completed industrial accident care; the latent classes were the health-conscious type (n=240), the potential-risk type (n=850), and the high-risk type (n=713)...
August 1, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765338/periodontal-disease-and-incident-cancer-risk-among-postmenopausal-women-results-from-the-women-s-health-initiative-observational-cohort
#9
Ngozi N Nwizu, James R Marshall, Kirsten Moysich, Robert J Genco, Kathleen M Hovey, Xiaodan Mai, Michael J LaMonte, Jo L Freudenheim, Jean Wactawski-Wende
Background: Periodontal pathogens have been isolated from precancerous and cancerous lesions and also shown to promote a procarcinogenic microenvironment. Few studies have examined periodontal disease as a risk factor for total cancer, and none have focused on older women. We examined whether periodontal disease is associated with incident cancer among postmenopausal women in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study.Methods: Our prospective cohort study comprised 65,869 women, ages 54 to 86 years. Periodontal disease information was obtained via self-report questionnaires administered between 1999 and 2003, whereas ascertainment of cancer outcomes occurred through September 2013, with a maximum follow-up period of 15 years...
August 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762507/increasing-physical-activity-for-veterans-in-the-mental-health-intensive-case-management-program-a-community-based-intervention
#10
S Akeya Harrold, Julian Libet, Charlene Pope, Joy A Lauerer, Emily Johnson, Barbara J Edlund
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Individuals with severe mental illness (SMI), experience increased mortality-20 years greater disparity for men and 15 years greater disparity for women-compared to the general population (Thornicroft G. Physical health disparities and mental illness: The scandal of premature mortality. Br J Psychiatr. 2011;199:441-442). Numerous factors contribute to premature mortality in persons with SMI, including suicide and accidental death (Richardson RC, Faulkner G, McDevitt J, Skrinar GS, Hutchinson D, Piette JD...
August 1, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756695/cardiometabolic-risks-lifestyle-health-behaviors-and-heart-disease-in-filipino-americans
#11
Maria Lg Bayog, Catherine M Waters
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among all racial and ethnic populations in the USA. Cardiovascular risks and cardioprotective factors have been disparately estimated among Asian American subpopulations. AIMS: The study's purpose was to describe the cardiometabolic risks and lifestyle health behaviors associated with cardiovascular disease, considering age and gender, in Filipinos, the second largest Asian American population. METHODS: Secondary analysis was conducted of behavioral (smoking, walking, body mass index and soda, fast food and fruit/vegetable consumption), cardiometabolic (hypertension and diabetes) and heart disease variables in the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey...
August 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750939/corrigendum-to-oral-health-4-life-design-and-methods-of-a-semi-pragmatic-randomized-trial-to-promote-oral-health-care-and-smoking-abstinence-among-tobacco-quitline-callers-contemp-clin-trials-57-2017-90-97
#12
Jennifer B McClure, Paula R Blasi, Andrea Cook, Terry Bush, Paul Fishman, Jennifer Nelson, Melissa L Anderson, Sheryl L Catz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749572/new-zealand-adolescents-discouragement-of-smoking-among-their-peers
#13
Louise Marsh, Ella Iosua, Rob McGee, Joanna White
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the extent to which young people are acting as 'agents of change' in discouraging smoking among their peers. METHODS: This study used data from a survey of 2,919 New Zealand secondary school students who participated in the 2014 national Youth In-depth Survey. Relevant questions were used to assess the extent to which students engaged in behaviours to discourage or promote smoking among their peers. RESULTS: About half of all students reported some form of behaviour discouraging others from smoking, while only one in ten reported encouraging smoking...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748625/multiple-risk-factor-counseling-to-promote-heart-healthy-lifestyles-in-the-chest-pain-observation-unit-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
David A Katz, Mark Graber, Patricia Lounsbury, Mark W Vander Weg, Emily K Phillips, Christina Clair, Phillip A Horwitz, Xueya Cai, Alan J Christensen
OBJECTIVE: Admission to the chest pain observation unit (CPOU) may be an advantageous time for patients to consider heart-healthy lifestyle changes while undergoing diagnostic evaluation to rule out myocardial ischemia. The aim of this pragmatic trial was to assess the effectiveness of a multiple risk factor intervention in changing CPOU patients' health beliefs and readiness to change health behaviors. A secondary aim was to obtain preliminary estimates of the intervention's effect on diet, physical activity, and smoking...
July 27, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746400/associations-between-health-culture-health-behaviors-and-health-related-outcomes-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Yingnan Jia, Junling Gao, Junming Dai, Pinpin Zheng, Hua Fu
BACKGROUND: To examine the associations between demographic characteristics, health behaviors, workplace health culture, and health-related outcomes in Chinese workplaces. METHODS: A total of 1508 employees from 10 administrative offices and 6 enterprises were recruited for a cross-sectional survey. Self-administered questionnaires mainly addressed demographic characteristics, health behaviors, workplace health culture, and health-related outcomes including self-rated health, mental health, and happiness...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745954/assessing-the-impact-of-a-respiratory-diagnosis-on-smoking-cessation
#16
Alexandra Jones
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of respiratory diagnoses on smoking cessation. A total of 229 current and former smokers, with and without respiratory diagnoses completed an anonymous online questionnaire assessing how their smoking habit changed when diagnosed with various respiratory conditions. Among all participants the most common reason for quitting smoking was to reduce the risk of health problems in general. In those with a chronic respiratory diagnosis, this was their most common reason for quitting...
July 27, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744971/predicted-factors-for-older-taiwanese-to-be-healthy-octogenarians-results-of-an-18-year-national-cohort-study
#17
Wei-Chung Hsu, Alan C Tsai, Yu-Chia Chen, Jiun-Yi Wang
AIM: To identify factors that predict the 62-69 years old Taiwanese to be healthy octogenarians. METHODS: We analyzed the 1989 (baseline), and 2003 and 2007 (end-point) datasets of the Taiwan Longitudinal Survey on Aging, a national cohort study. A total of 1977 participants aged 62-69 years at baseline were tracked for 14-18 years. The outcome measure was "being healthy octogenarians", defined as participants who were aged ≥80 years, free from activities of daily living dependency, depressive symptoms or cognitive impairment, and able to provide social support...
July 26, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739609/a-national-quitline-service-and-its-promotion-in-the-mass-media-modelling-the-health-gain-health-equity-and-cost-utility
#18
Nhung Nghiem, Christine L Cleghorn, William Leung, Nisha Nair, Frederieke S van der Deen, Tony Blakely, Nick Wilson
BACKGROUND: Mass media campaigns and quitlines are both important distinct components of tobacco control programmes around the world. But when used as an integrated package, the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness are not well described. We therefore aimed to estimate the health gain, health equity impacts and cost-utility of the package of a national quitline service and its promotion in the mass media. METHODS: We adapted an established Markov and multistate life-table macro-simulation model...
July 24, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738884/health-status-and-health-behaviors-among-citizen-endurance-nordic-skiers-in-the-united-states
#19
Paul J Anderson, Ralph S Bovard, Mohammad Hassan Murad, Timothy J Beebe, Zhen Wang
BACKGROUND: More than two-thirds of Americans are overweight or obese (69%) placing them at high risk for a wide array of chronic diseases. Physical activity anchors most approaches to obesity prevention and weight management, but physical activity levels remain low in the general US population. As a group, citizen athletes who compete in Nordic skiing events such as the American Birkebeiner participate in fitness cultures that promote physical activity. METHODS: During October-November 2014, we emailed a 48 question online survey to 23,611 individuals who had participated in the American Birkebeiner ski event, the largest citizen ski race in North America...
July 24, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735646/hyperhomocysteinemia-and-age-related-macular-degeneration-role-of-inflammatory-mediators-and-pyroptosis-a-proposal
#20
Mahavir Singh, Suresh C Tyagi
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and pyroptosis cause irreversible vascular changes in the eyes leading to central vision loss in patients. It is the most common eye disease affecting millions of people aged 50years or older, and is slowly becoming a major health problem worldwide. The disease mainly affects macula lutea, an oval-shaped pigmented area surrounding fovea near the center of retina, a region responsible for visual acuity. It is fairly a complex disease as genetics of patients, environmental triggers as well as risk factors such as age, family history of CVDs, diabetes, gender, obesity, race, hyperopia, iris color, smoking, diabetes, exposure to sun light and pyroptosis have all been clubbed together as probable causes of macular degeneration...
August 2017: Medical Hypotheses
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