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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140651/fda-required-tobacco-product-inserts-onserts%C3%A2-and-the-first-amendment
#1
Eric N Lindblom, Micah L Berman, James F Thrasher
In 2012, a federal court of appeals struck down an FDA rule requiring graphic health warnings on cigarettes as violating First Amendment commercial speech protections. Tobacco product inserts and onserts can more readily avoid First Amendment constraints while delivering more extensive information to tobacco users, and can work effectively to support and encourage smoking cessation. This paper examines FDA’s authority to require effective inserts and onserts and shows how FDA could design and support them to avoid First Amendment problems...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129846/the-il18-promoter-polymorphism-rs1946518-is-associated-with-the-risk-of-periodontitis-in-japanese-women-the-kyushu-okinawa-maternal-and-child-health-study
#2
Keiko Tanaka, Yoshihiro Miyake, Takashi Hanioka, Shinya Furukawa, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Masashi Arakawa
Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a proinflammatory cytokine that plays an important role in periodontitis and its polymorphisms might modulate the individual susceptibility to periodontitis. Only a limited number of studies on the association between IL18 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the risk of periodontitis have been realized, however. The aim of this case-control study among young post-partum Japanese women (18 to 45 years) was to determine the impact of SNPs, rs1946518 (-607 C/A) and rs187238 (-137G/C), on periodontitis...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126193/the-early-onset-of-distress-disorders-and-high-school-dropout-prospective-evidence-from-a-national-cohort-of-australian-adolescents
#3
Peter Butterworth, Liana S Leach
Prior research examining whether depression and anxiety lead to high school dropout is limited by a reliance on retrospective reports, the assessment of mental health at a single point in time (often remote from the time of high school exit) and omission of important measures of the social and familial environment. The current study addresses these limitations by analyzsing 8 waves of longitudinal data from a cohort of Australian adolescents (n = 1,057) in the Household Income and Labor Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey (2001-2008)...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125536/are-some-of-the-cigar-warnings-mandated-in-the-u-s-more-believable-than-others
#4
Kristen L Jarman, Sarah D Kowitt, Jennifer Cornacchione Ross, Adam O Goldstein
Background: Text warnings are mandated on cigars sold in the United States (U.S.), however little published research has examined effectiveness of cigar warnings. This is the first study examining the believability of cigar warnings among adults in the U.S. Methods: Adults in the U.S. (n = 5014) were randomized in a phone survey to receive one of three cigar-specific mandated warning messages ("Cigar smoking can cause cancers of the mouth and throat, even if you do not inhale", "Cigar smoking can cause lung cancer and heart disease", and "Cigars are not a safe alternative to cigarettes") with one of four warning sources (no source, Surgeon General, CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), FDA (Food and Drug Administration))...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123024/the-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-as-a-tobacco-control-tool-in-the-mental-health-setting
#5
Yvette van der Eijk
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates remain high among people with mental health conditions, even though smoking contributes to negative mental health outcomes and is a leading cause of mortality. Many mental health facilities are not covered by smoke-free laws or do not encourage smoking cessation, and people with mental health conditions are often targeted in tobacco industry promotions. OBJECTIVE: To analyse how the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), to which most countries are a Party, obliges State Parties to review policies and practices for tobacco control in the mental health setting...
November 9, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122804/the-messages-presented-in-online-electronic-cigarette-promotions-and-discussions-a-scoping-review-protocol
#6
Kahlia McCausland, Bruce Maycock, Jonine Jancey
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarettes have become increasingly popular over the last 10 years. These devices represent a new paradigm for tobacco control offering smokers an opportunity to inhale nicotine without inhaling tobacco smoke. To date there are no definite conclusions regarding the safety and long-term health effects of electronic cigarettes; however, there is evidence that they are being marketed online as a healthier alternative to traditional cigarettes. This scoping review aims to identify and describe the breadth of messages (eg, health, smoking-cessation and price related claims) presented in online electronic cigarette promotions and discussions...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117149/hospital-smoke-free-policy-compliance-enforcement-and-practices-a-staff-survey-in-two-large-public-hospitals-in-australia
#7
Sam McCrabb, Amanda L Baker, John Attia, Zsolt J Balogh, Natalie Lott, Kerrin Palazzi, Justine Naylor, Ian A Harris, Christopher M Doran, Johnson George, Luke Wolfenden, Eliza Skelton, Billie Bonevski
Background: Smoke-free hospital policies are becoming increasingly common to promote good health and quit attempts among patients who smoke. This study aims to assess: staff perceived enforcement and compliance with smoke-free policy; the current provision of smoking cessation care; and the characteristics of staff most likely to report provision of care to patients. Methods: An online cross-sectional survey of medical, nursing, and allied staff from two Australian public hospitals was conducted. Staff report of: patient and staff compliance with smoke-free policy; perceived policy enforcement; the provision of the 5As for smoking cessation (Ask, Assess, Advise, Assist, and Arrange follow-up); and the provision of stop-smoking medication are described...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113423/micrornas-in-lung-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Diana Castro, Márcia Moreira, Alexandra Monteiro Gouveia, Daniel Humberto Pozza, Ramon Andrade De Mello
Lung cancer (LC) is a serious public health problem responsible for the majority of cancer deaths and comorbidities in developed countries. Tobacco smoking is considered the main risk factor for LC; however, only a few smokers will be affected by this cancer. Current screening methods are focused on identifying the early stages of this malignancy. Thus, new data concerning the roles of microRNA alterations in inflammation, epithelial-mesenchymal transition and lung disease have increased hope about LC pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112713/st-product-characteristics-and-relationships-with-perceptions-and-behaviors-among-rural-adolescent-males-a-qualitative-study
#9
Elizabeth T Couch, Ellen F Darius, Margaret M Walsh, Benjamin W Chaffee
Although smoking declines in the United States, the prevalence of male adolescent smokeless tobacco (ST; moist snuff and chewing tobacco) use remains unchanged. ST product characteristics, such as flavoring, packaging, and branding, could influence adolescents' ST initiation and continued use. This qualitative study examines the potential role of product characteristics in shaping ST-related perceptions and behaviors among rural adolescent males. Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted at three California rural high schools...
November 3, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110657/social-capital-and-health-in-china-exploring-the-mediating-role-of-lifestyle
#10
Xindong Xue, Mingmei Cheng
BACKGROUND: Although social capital as a key determinant of health has been well established in various studies, little is known about how lifestyle factors mediate this relationship. Understanding the cross-relationships between social capital, health, and lifestyle factors is important if health promotion policies are to be effective. The purpose of this study is to explore whether different dimensions of social capital and lifestyle factors are related, and whether lifestyle factors mediate the association between social capital and self-rated health (SRH) and psychological well-being (PWB) in China...
November 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107961/national-substance-use-patterns-on-twitter
#11
Hsien-Wen Meng, Suraj Kath, Dapeng Li, Quynh C Nguyen
PURPOSE: We examined openly shared substance-related tweets to estimate prevalent sentiment around substance use and identify popular substance use activities. Additionally, we investigated associations between substance-related tweets and business characteristics and demographics at the zip code level. METHODS: A total of 79,848,992 tweets were collected from 48 states in the continental United States from April 2015-March 2016 through the Twitter API, of which 688,757 were identified as being related to substance use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106306/assessing-the-value-of-the-meaningful-use-clinical-summary-for-patients-and-families-with-pediatric-asthma
#12
Karen Colorafi, Lee Moua, Michele Shaw, David Ricker, Julie Postma
Electronic clinical summaries are innovations supported by the Electronic Health Record Incentive Program, known as "Meaningful Use" (MU). The MU clinical summary documents the shared understanding of the plan of care for patients and assists families in managing asthma-related health care. The purpose of this analysis was to identify the communicative value of the summaries to patients and families. Readability measurements, content analysis, and descriptive statistics were employed in a review of twenty clinical summaries and compared with provider encounter notes...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104801/childhood-adversities-are-not-a-predictors-of-sstr4met-in-alcoholics
#13
Dominika Berent, Michał Pogórski, Dominika Kulczycka-Wojdala, Ewa Kusideł, Marian Macander, Zofia Pawłowska
Background: Genome methylation may modulate synaptic plasticity, being a potential background for mental disorder. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), known to be frequently reported by patients with alcohol dependence (AD), have been proposed as one of environmental inequities influencing DNA methylation. The study is aiming 1.To assess a promoter region methylation in gene for somatostatin receptor subtype-4 (SSTR4), a receptor for somatostatin, a neurotransmitter engaged in neuroplasticity and memory formation, in patients with AD; 2...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101294/content-analysis-of-e-cigarette-products-promotions-prices-and-claims-on-internet-tobacco-vendor-websites-2013-2014
#14
Rebecca S Williams, Jason Derrick, Aliza K Liebman, Kevin LaFleur
OBJECTIVE: To identify the population of Internet e-cigarette vendors (IEVs) and conduct content analysis of products sold and IEVs' promotional, claims and pricing practices. METHODS: Multiple sources were used to identify IEV websites, primarily complex search algorithms scanning over 180 million websites. In 2013, 32 446 websites were manually screened, identifying 980 IEVs, with the 281 most popular selected for content analysis. This methodology yielded 31 239 websites for manual screening in 2014, identifying 3096 IEVs, with 283 selected for content analysis...
November 3, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100550/effects-of-a-liquefied-petroleum-gas-stove-intervention-on-pollutant-exposure-and-adult-cardiopulmonary-outcomes-chap-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Magdalena Fandiño-Del-Rio, Dina Goodman, Josiah L Kephart, Catherine H Miele, Kendra N Williams, Mitra Moazzami, Elizabeth C Fung, Kirsten Koehler, Victor G Davila-Roman, Kathryn A Lee, Saachi Nangia, Steven A Harvey, Kyle Steenland, Gustavo F Gonzales, William Checkley
BACKGROUND: Biomass fuel smoke is a leading risk factor for the burden of disease worldwide. International campaigns are promoting the widespread adoption of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) in resource-limited settings. However, it is unclear if the introduction and use of LPG stoves, in settings where biomass fuels are used daily, reduces pollution concentration exposure, improves health outcomes, or how cultural and social barriers influence the exclusive adoption of LPG stoves. METHODS: We will conduct a randomized controlled, field intervention trial of LPG stoves and fuel distribution in rural Puno, Peru, in which we will enroll 180 female participants aged 25-64 years and follow them for 2 years...
November 3, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099946/examining-the-association-between-physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-and-sport-participation-with-e-cigarette-use-and-smoking-status-in-a-large-sample-of-canadian-youth
#16
Sandra Milicic, Emma Piérard, Philip DeCicca, Scott T Leatherdale
Introduction: Youth e-cigarette use is common worldwide, but the profile of e-cigarette users compared with tobacco users is unclear. This study examines how sport participation and activity levels among youth differ between e-cigarette users and smokers. Methods: Using Canadian data from 38,977 grade 9 to 12 students who participated in Year 3 (2014-15) of the COMPASS study, logistic regression models were used to examine the likelihood of sport participation and activity level based on e-cigarette use and smoking status...
November 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096946/path-analysis-of-warning-label-effects-on-negative-emotions-and-quit-attempts-a-longitudinal-study-of-smokers-in-australia-canada-mexico-and-the-us
#17
Yoo Jin Cho, James F Thrasher, Hua-Hie Yong, André Salem Szklo, Richard J O'Connor, Maansi Bansal-Travers, David Hammond, Geoffrey T Fong, James Hardin, Ron Borland
BACKGROUND: Cigarette pack health warning labels can elicit negative emotions among smokers, yet little is known about how these negative emotions influence behavior change. OBJECTIVE: Guided by psychological theories emphasizing the role of emotions on risk concern and behavior change, we investigated whether smokers who reported stronger negative emotional responses when viewing warnings reported stronger responses to warnings in daily life and were more likely to try to quit at follow-up...
October 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096279/preconception-lifestyle-changes-in-women-with-planned-pregnancies
#18
Joline Goossens, Dimitri Beeckman, Ann Van Hecke, Ilse Delbaere, Sofie Verhaeghe
OBJECTIVES: (1) to study preconception lifestyle changes and associated factors in women with planned pregnancies; (2) to assess the prevalence of risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes in women not reporting any preconception lifestyle changes; and (3) to explore the need for and use of preconception-related advice. DESIGN: secondary data analysis of a cross-sectional study about pregnancy planning. SETTING: six Flemish Hospitals (Belgium)...
October 24, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093145/dental-dental-hygiene-and-advanced-dental-students-use-knowledge-and-beliefs-regarding-tobacco-products
#19
Jenni A Shearston, Krina Shah, Eric Cheng, Rizvan Moosvi, Su Hyun Park, Naiya Patel, Andrew I Spielman, Michael L Weitzman
Using cigarettes and alternative tobacco products (ATPs) is associated with negative oral health outcomes, and dental health professionals are poised to help patients quit. The aim of this study was to determine dental, dental hygiene, and advanced dental students' use, knowledge, and beliefs about cigarettes and ATPs, including perceptions about their education in tobacco dependence treatment and counseling experience. All 1,783 students enrolled in the dental, dental hygiene, and postdoctoral dental programs at the New York University College of Dentistry were invited to participate in the survey in 2016...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089293/financial-incentives-alone-versus-incentivized-partner-support-for-promoting-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-protocol-for-a-non-randomized-single-blinded-study
#20
Mai Frandsen, Megan Thow, Stuart G Ferguson
BACKGROUND: Smoking tobacco remains the most significant modifiable cause of adverse pregnancy outcomes and contributor to ongoing maternal and infant ill-health. Pregnancy for many is a time of heightened health focus, with the primary motivation being the well-being of the unborn child. Yet, many women continue to smoke throughout their pregnancy. Despite this heightened motivation and known health risks, interventions to date have not effectively curbed the rate of smoking during pregnancy and they remain as high as rates among the general population...
October 31, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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