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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351574/self-reported-knowledge-correct-knowledge-and-use-of-uk-drinking-guidelines-among-a-representative-sample-of-the-english-population
#1
Penny Buykx, Jessica Li, Lucy Gavens, Lucie Hooper, Elena Gomes de Matos, John Holmes
Aims: Promotion of lower risk drinking guidelines is a commonly used public health intervention with various purposes, including communicating alcohol consumption risks, informing drinkers' decision-making and, potentially, changing behaviour. UK drinking guidelines were revised in 2016. To inform potential promotion of the new guidelines, we aimed to examine public knowledge and use of the previous drinking guidelines, including by population subgroup. Methods: A demographically representative, cross-sectional online survey of 2100 adults living in England in July 2015 (i...
January 17, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349727/lifestyles-of-patients-with-functional-psychosis-compared-to-those-of-a-sample-of-the-regional-general-population-findings-from-a-study-in-a-community-mental-health-service-of-the-veneto-region-italy
#2
Loretta Berti, Elena Bonfioli, Linda Chioffi, Susanna Morgante, Maria Angela Mazzi, Lorenzo Burti
Unhealthy lifestyles contribute, with other risk factors, to the high prevalence of mortality and physical comorbidity among mental patients compared to the general population. We collected data on the lifestyles of 193 subjects with psychosis in contact with a Community Mental Health Service in north-eastern Italy and compared them with a representative sample (total: 3219 subjects) of the general population of the same region. Diet, exercise, smoking and alcohol consumption were worse in mental patients. A higher percentage of patients was overweight or obese...
January 18, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346340/disparities-in-preconception-health-indicators-%C3%A2-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2013-2015-and-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system-2013-2014
#3
Cheryl Robbins, Sheree L Boulet, Isabel Morgan, Denise V D'Angelo, Lauren B Zapata, Brian Morrow, Andrea Sharma, Charlan D Kroelinger
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Preconception health is a broad term that encompasses the overall health of nonpregnant women during their reproductive years (defined here as aged 18-44 years). Improvement of both birth outcomes and the woman's health occurs when preconception health is optimized. Improving preconception health before and between pregnancies is critical for reducing maternal and infant mortality and pregnancy-related complications. The National Preconception Health and Health Care Initiative's Surveillance and Research work group suggests ten prioritized indicators that states can use to monitor programs or activities for improving the preconception health status of women of reproductive age...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331186/-addictology-promoting-users-power-to-act
#4
Alain Morel
The notion of risk reduction applies to all uses, drinking of alcohol and smoking including, addictions without drugs likewise. With regard to drugs, mentalities change. We now talk more of risks than fault or deviance. Following, collaboration between health professionals and users, sharing and cooperation are the conditions necessary to develop a modern humanist and social addictology approach.
January 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329571/environmental-exposures-and-fetal-growth-the-haifa-pregnancy-cohort-study
#5
Rachel Golan, Itai Kloog, Ronit Almog, Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Maya Negev, Maya Jolles, Varda Shalev, Vered H Eisenberg, Gideon Koren, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, Hagai Levine
BACKGROUND: The developing fetus is susceptible to environmental insults. Studying the effects of environmental exposures on fetal growth is essential for understanding the causal pathway between prenatal exposures and pregnancy outcomes. Here we describe the Haifa Pregnancy Cohort Study (HPCS) and discuss challenges and opportunities in applying "big data" paradigm. METHODS: Maccabi Healthcare Services (MHS), is the second largest Israeli health maintenance organization (HMO) providing care services to two million beneficiaries...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323610/the-debate-about-electronic-cigarettes-harm-minimization-or-the-precautionary-principle
#6
Lawrence W Green, Jonathan E Fielding, Ross C Brownson
Two contrasting reviews (authored by Abrams et al. and Glanz & Bareham) in this volume have reached opposing conclusions on the effects of electronic cigarettes in a debate that is dividing the scientific and professional communities that have devoted careers to controlling the manufacture, advertising, sale, and use of combustible cigarettes. The research on the types, degree, and extent of harm from e-cigarettes is far from complete and, together with trends in teenage smoking and vaping, has raised new questions and prospects about the potential benefits that the new electronic products offer smokers of combustible cigarettes in quitting or at least cutting back on the known risks associated with the traditional forms of smoking...
January 11, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320344/a-profile-of-individuals-with-anti-tobacco-message-fatigue
#7
Jiyeon So, Lucy Popova
OBJECTIVES: Message fatigue, a phenomenon of being tired of repeated exposure to messages promoting the same health behavior, may reduce the effectiveness of anti-tobacco messages, such as warning labels. As an initial step towards understanding the phenomenon, we examined predictors of anti-tobacco message fatigue. METHODS: An online study (N = 1838) involving a non-probability sample of nonsmokers and smokers in the United States assessed anti-tobacco message fatigue and individual-level factors including demographic variables and smoking status...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320339/dental-visits-mediate-the-impact-of-smoking-on-oral-health
#8
Amber S Emanuel, Alice Parish, Henrietta L Logan, Virginia J Dodd, Dong Zheng, Yi Guo
OBJECTIVES: We explored the mediational relationships among smoking, dental visits, and oral health in a longitudinal study. METHODS: We selected a sample of adult residents of rural communities of North Central Florida and followed them for 3 years (final N = 1170). We examined the impact of smoking on oral health across time and conducted mediation analysis to quantify the effect of dental visits on the relationship between smoking and poor oral health. RESULTS: Our results showed that oral health declined across time for smokers but not for nonsmokers...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308996/russian-federation-university-student-alcohol-use-smolensk-city-a-case-example
#9
Alexander Reznik, Richard Isralowitz, Valentina Gritsenko, Olga Khalepo, Yulia Kovaleva
Alcohol use that causes damage to health and adverse events is a significant public health concern. However, there is a dearth of information about alcohol use among Russian Federation university students. This cross sectional study of 626 students examined their background characteristics, alcohol use, heavy drinking and related problem behavior. Males were more inclined to use alcohol and drink heavily than females; however, no other gender related behavior differences were found. Regression analysis showed heavy drinking more prevalent among students who worked, lived on campus, missed class because of party habits, smoked cigarettes, mixed alcohol and energy drinks, and drank more because of stress...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303476/are-cancer-survivors-following-the-national-comprehensive-cancer-network-health-behavior-guidelines-an-assessment-of-patients-attending-a-cancer-survivorship-clinic
#10
Kelly A Hyland, Jamie M Jacobs, Inga T Lennes, William F Pirl, Elyse R Park
PURPOSE: Engaging in positive health behaviors post-treatment is important for cancer survivors' health. However, little is known about whether survivors are practicing health promoting behaviors. We aimed to explore whether survivors are meeting the recent health behavior guidelines set forth by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and to examine associations between health behaviors and distress. METHODS: Sixty-six survivors completed a cross-sectional questionnaire assessing health behaviors prior to an initial appointment at a survivorship care clinic...
January 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298218/community-level-sports-group-participation-and-older-individuals-depressive-symptoms
#11
Taishi Tsuji, Yasuhiro Miyaguni, Satoru Kanamori, Masamichi Hanazato, Katsunori Kondo
PURPOSE: Community-level group participation is a structural aspect of social capital that may have a contextual influence on an individual's health. Herein, we sought to investigate a contextual relationship between community-level prevalence of sports group participation and depressive symptoms in older individuals. METHODS: We used data from the 2010 Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES), a population-based, cross-sectional study of individuals aged ≥65 years without long-term care needs in Japan...
January 3, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297765/evaluation-of-a-multi-layered-health-promotion-approach-in-rural-china
#12
Xiangyang Tian, Liping Yan, Genming Zhao, Liang Wang, Yulan Cheng, Yong Lu, Jodi Southerland
BACKGROUND: To explore the effectiveness of a multi-layered health promotion approach in rural China. METHODS: A two-year intervention was applied to the 18 intervention rural villages while the 18 controls received standard health communication materials. Data were collected at baseline and post-intervention respectively to evaluate the effectiveness. RESULTS: All intervention villages had developed healthy policies addressing prioritized health issues such as livestock captivity, garbage disposal, etc...
January 1, 2018: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284949/smoking-cessation-advice-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-among-clinical-dental-students
#13
Allama Prabhu, Jayesh Kumar Jain, B Sakeenabhi, P G Naveen Kumar, Mohamed Imranulla, Mallikarjuna Ragher
Background: Smoking is the single most important public health challenge facing the National Health Service. The detrimental effects on the general health of tobacco smoking are well documented. Smoking is a primary risk factor for oral cancer and many oral diseases. Dental professional scan plays an important role in preventing adverse health effects by promoting smoking cessation. Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice among clinical dental students in giving smoking cessation advice and to explore the barriers to this activity...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281197/smoking-cessation-program-among-naval-diver-trainees-in-the-republic-of-singapore-navy
#14
Jake Jk Goh
BACKGROUND: Since 2016, the Naval Diving Unit (NDU) of the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) has instituted a smoking cessation trial program for their trainees, instituting a blanket ban on smoking during training hours in order to promote smoking cessation and create a smoke-free culture among its servicemen. For the rest of RSN personnel, they would attend a more costly, established Health Promotion Board (HPB) smoking cessation program, which employs social support strategies, while they undergo basic training in the Navy Military Experts Institute (NMI)...
November 2017: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274614/social-cure-what-social-cure-the-propensity-to-underestimate-the-importance-of-social-factors-for-health
#15
S Alexander Haslam, Charlotte McMahon, Tegan Cruwys, Catherine Haslam, Jolanda Jetten, Niklas K Steffens
RATIONALE: Recent meta-analytic research indicates that social support and social integration are highly protective against mortality, and that their importance is comparable to, or exceeds, that of many established behavioural risks such as smoking, high alcohol consumption, lack of exercise, and obesity that are the traditional focus of medical research (Holt-Lunstad et al., 2010). The present study examines perceptions of the contribution of these various factors to life expectancy within the community at large...
December 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273661/design-and-rationale-of-the-cardiovascular-health-and-text-messaging-chat-study-and-the-chat-diabetes-mellitus-chat-dm-study-two-randomised-controlled-trials-of-text-messaging-to-improve-secondary-prevention-for-coronary-heart-disease-and-diabetes
#16
Xiqian Huo, Erica S Spatz, Qinglan Ding, Paul Horak, Xin Zheng, Claire Masters, Haibo Zhang, Melinda L Irwin, Xiaofang Yan, Wenchi Guan, Jing Li, Xi Li, John A Spertus, Frederick A Masoudi, Harlan M Krumholz, Lixin Jiang
INTRODUCTION: Mobile health interventions have the potential to promote risk factor management and lifestyle modification, and are a particularly attractive approach for scaling across healthcare systems with limited resources. We are conducting two randomised trials to evaluate the efficacy of text message-based health messages in improving secondary coronary heart disease (CHD) prevention among patients with or without diabetes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Cardiovascular Health And Text Messaging (CHAT) Study and the CHAT-Diabetes Mellitus (CHAT-DM) Study are multicentre, single-blind, randomised controlled trials of text messaging versus standard treatment with 6 months of follow-up conducted in 37 hospitals throughout 17 provinces in China...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261824/effect-of-varenicline-combined-with-medical-management-on-alcohol-use-disorder-with-comorbid-cigarette-smoking-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Stephanie S O'Malley, Allen Zweben, Lisa M Fucito, Ran Wu, Mary E Piepmeier, David M Ockert, Krysten W Bold, Ismene Petrakis, Srinivas Muvvala, Peter Jatlow, Ralitza Gueorguieva
Importance: Individuals with alcohol use disorder have high rates of cigarette smoking. Varenicline tartrate, an approved treatment for smoking cessation, may reduce both drinking and smoking. Objectives: To test the efficacy of varenicline with medical management for patients with alcohol use disorder and comorbid smoking seeking alcohol treatment, and to evaluate the secondary effects on smoking abstinence. Design, Setting, and Participants: This phase 2, randomized, double-blind, parallel group, placebo-controlled trial was conducted at 2 outpatient clinics from September 19, 2012, to August 31, 2015...
December 20, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261427/addiction-vulnerability-exploring-relationships-between-cigarette-smoking-substance-misuse-and-early-psychosis
#18
Vanessa Clark, Agatha M Conrad, Terry J Lewin, Amanda L Baker, Sean A Halpin, Ketrina A Sly, Juanita Todd
OBJECTIVE: Smoking rates in adolescents at risk of psychosis are significantly greater than those who are not at risk. Recent research suggests that cigarette smoking in adolescence may be a potential marker of transition to psychosis, although the exact relationship between the two remains unclear. Our aim was to examine whether tobacco smoking is a potential marker of transition to psychosis or subsequent episodes of psychosis, independently of other substance use, or alternatively, if smoking is essentially a general marker of later mental illness episodes...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248049/corrigendum-to-changes-in-smoking-drinking-overweight-and-physical-inactivity-in-young-australian-women-1996-2013
#19
Jennifer R Powers, Deborah Loxton, Amy E Anderson, Annette J Dobson, Gita D Mishra, Richard Hockey, Wendy J Brown
Issue addressed: Smoking, risky drinking, overweight and obesity, and physical inactivity are health-risk factors (HRFs) that contribute significantly to morbidity worldwide. Several initiatives have been introduced over the past two decades to reduce these HRFs. This paper examines changes in the prevalence of HRFs in young women (aged 18-23 years) between 1996 and 2013, overall and within demographic groups.Methods: Data from two cohorts of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health, born in 1973-78 (n=14247) and 1989-95 (n=17012) were weighted to provide national estimates...
December 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243156/comfort-eating-and-all-cause-mortality-in-the-us-health-and-retirement-study
#20
Jenna R Cummings, Ashley E Mason, Eli Puterman, A Janet Tomiyama
PURPOSE: Comfort eating is a prevalent behavior. Prior research shows that comfort eating is associated with reduced stress responses and increased metabolic risk across adolescence, young adulthood, and middle adulthood. The purpose of the current research was to test if comfort eating prospectively predicted all-cause mortality in older adulthood. METHOD: The US Health and Retirement Study is an ongoing, nationally representative, longitudinal study of older adults...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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