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health promotion and smoking

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533914/the-influence-of-a-healthy-welcoming-environment-on-participation-in-club-sport-by-adolescent-girls-a-longitudinal-study
#1
M M Casey, R M Eime, J T Harvey, N A Sawyer, M J Craike, C M Symons, W R Payne
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the perceived influence of a Healthy Welcoming Environment (HWE) on participation in sports clubs among adolescent girls, and how these perceptions changed longitudinally. HWE was defined in terms of a set of health promotion policies advocated by a health promotion foundation as the basis of sport club health promotion practice to promote structural reform in state sporting organisations and their affiliated associations and clubs. These included sports injury prevention, smoke-free, responsible serving of alcohol, sun protection, healthy eating, and welcoming and inclusive environments...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532894/-spanish-adaptation-of-the-2016-european-guidelines-on-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-clinical-practice
#2
Miguel Ángel Royo-Bordonada, Pedro Armario, José María Lobos Bejarano, Juan Pedro-Botet, Fernando Villar Álvarez, Roberto Elosua, Carlos Brotons Cuixart, Olga Cortés, Benilde Serrano, Miguel Camafort Babkowski, Antonio Gil Núñez, Antonio Pérez, Antonio Maiques, Ana de Santiago Nocito, Almudena de Castro, Eduardo Alegría, Ciro Baeza, María Herranz, Susana Sans, Pilar Campos
The VI European Guidelines for Cardiovascular Prevention recommend combining population and high-risk strategies with lifestyle changes as a cornerstone of prevention, and propose the SCORE function to quantify cardiovascular risk. The guidelines highlight disease specific interventions, and conditions as women, young people and ethnic minorities. Screening for subclinical atherosclerosis with noninvasive imaging techniques is not recommended. The guidelines distinguish four risk levels (very high, high, moderate and low) with therapeutic objectives for lipid control according to risk...
May 19, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528462/acculturation-versus-cultural-retention-the-interactive-impact-of-acculturation-and-co-ethnic-ties-on-substance-use-among-chinese-students-in-the-united-states
#3
Xiaozhao Yousef Yang, Fenggang Yang
Acculturation is often found to increase substance use among immigrants in the U.S., but such effect may depend on how immigrants are attached to their co-ethnic community. Meanwhile, the high socioeconomic status of some new immigrant groups also challenges the classical assumption that ties to co-ethnic community are associated with deviance. With a sample (n = 960) collected from a population of Chinese students in a large public university in the U.S., we tested how do the interplays between acculturation and co-ethnic ties affect substance use...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525995/do-socio-cultural-factors-influence-college-students-self-rated-health-status-and-health-promoting-lifestyles-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-study-in-dalian-china
#4
Sainyugu Lolokote, Tesfaldet Habtemariam Hidru, Xiaofeng Li
BACKGROUND: An unhealthy lifestyle of college students is an important public health concern, but few studies have been undertaken to examine the role of socio-cultural differences. METHODS: For this cross-sectional comparative study, data on college students' health-promoting lifestyles (HPL), as measured using the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP-II) scale, and self-rated health status (SRH) as measured by Sub-Optimal Health Measurement Scale (SHMS V1...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525988/positive-and-negative-influences-of-social-participation-on-physical-and-mental-health-among-community-dwelling-elderly-aged-65-70%C3%A2-years-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#5
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
BACKGROUND: Although numerous investigations have indicated that social participation (SP) has positive effects on the health of older adults, there have been few studies on its negative health consequences. We examined the cross-sectional associations of the type, frequency, and autonomy for SP with physical and mental health. METHODS: The analytical subjects were 5126 males and 7006 females who were functionally independent, born between 1945 and 1949, and covered by A City's medical insurance system...
May 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524739/personal-values-as-a-mediator-of-relations-between-perceived-parental-support-and-control-and-youth-substance-use
#6
Gabriella Borca, Emanuela Rabaglietti, Antonella Roggero, Peggy Keller, Eric Haak, Tatiana Begotti
BACKGROUND: Tobacco and marijuana smoking are very popular in adolescence and there is a high rate of comorbidity between them, even in young adulthood. Parental support and control may hinder involvement in the use of these substances by promoting conventional values among adolescents. OBJECTIVES: The present study investigates the relations between family functioning (parental support and control) and psychoactive substance use (tobacco and marijuana smoking) and determines whether these relationships are mediated by personal values (in terms of disapproval of deviance and beliefs about the importance of school, health and religion)...
May 19, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523941/lifestyle-as-medicine-the-case-for-a-true-health-initiative
#7
David L Katz, Elizabeth P Frates, Jonathan P Bonnet, Sanjay K Gupta, Erkki Vartiainen, Richard H Carmona
The power of lifestyle as medicine was perceived thousands of years ago. There is now consistent and compelling science to support the important influence of lifestyle on health. Approximately 80% of chronic disease and premature death could be prevented by not smoking, being physically active, and adhering to a healthful dietary pattern. Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, dementia, and cancer are all influenced by lifestyle choices. Despite the ample evidence about what behaviors promote health, confusion still prevails among the general population...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523570/health-behavior-regarding-cardiovascular-diseases-among-nepali-adults
#8
Kritika Poudel, Naomi Sumi
The main aim was to assess Nepali adults' knowledge, health beliefs, and health promoting behaviors regarding cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). A descriptive, cross sectional study was conducted in five wards of Lalitpur Sub-Metropolitan City. A random sample of 300 Nepali individuals aged 20-65 years completed the heart disease knowledge questionnaire and health beliefs related to cardiovascular diseases. The health belief model related to CVDs was used. Sociodemographic and personal information was collected...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521619/processes-linking-religious-involvement-and-telomere-length
#9
Terrence D Hill, Preeti Vaghela, Christopher G Ellison, Sunshine Rote
Although numerous studies suggest that religious involvement is associated with better health and longer life expectancies, it is unclear whether these general patterns extend to cellular aging. The mechanisms linking indicators of religious involvement with indicators of cellular aging are also undefined. We employed longitudinal data from the 2004 and 2008 Health and Retirement Study, a national probability sample of Americans aged 50 and older, to test whether average telomere length varied according to level of religious attendance...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515635/changing-the-smoking-habit-prevalence-knowledge-and-attitudes-among-umbrian-hospital-healthcare-professionals
#10
REVIEW
D Pianori, A Gili, G Masanotti
BACKGROUND: Health care professionals should work against smoking habit to promote a correct life style. This study aimed to evaluate smoking prevalence and attitudes towards tobacco among Umbrian hospital professionals in a period between 2006 and 2015, since the approbation of the law that ban smoking in hospitals and all public areas in 2003. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out using a questionnaire administered in 2006, 2011 and 2015 to healthcare professionals...
March 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513399/reducing-health-inequalities-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness
#11
Nutmeg Hallett, Helen Rees
People with serious mental illness (SMI) are at risk of dying many years earlier than the general population. Providing an effective, cost-efficient healthcare service requires a holistic approach, and improving the physical health of people with SMI should be integral to all healthcare roles. It is important for nurses to identify and understand the barriers that people with SMI may experience when accessing physical healthcare. A range of factors contribute to reduced life expectancy, including lifestyle factors, symptoms of mental illness and the side effects of medications...
May 17, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511032/correlates-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-myocardial-infarction-a-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Kyoungrim Kang, Leila Gholizadeh, Sally C Inglis, Hae-Ra Han
BACKGROUND: By the increasing emphasis on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with myocardial infarction (MI), it is necessary to explore factors that affect HRQoL in this population. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify correlates of HRQoL in patients with MI. DESIGN: A literature review of the factors that affect HRQoL in patients with MI (1995-2016). DATA SOURCES: Three main databases-CINAHL, MEDLINE and PsychINFO-were searched to retrieve relevant peer-reviewed articles published in English...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506140/a-multifaceted-hypnosis-smoking-cessation-program-enhancing-motivation-and-goal-attainment
#13
Joseph P Green, Steven Jay Lynn
Smoking cessation remains a major health priority. Despite public campaigns against smoking and widespread availability of smoking-cessation treatments, many people continue to smoke. The authors argue that the "problem of motivation," that is, suboptimal or fluctuating motivation to resist smoking urges and to comply with the demands of treatment, commonly undermines treatment seeking and adherence, appreciably reducing the success rates of smoking-cessation programs. The authors describe the history of the Winning Edge smoking-cessation program and discuss ways to enhance motivation before, during, and after formal treatment...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495263/tobacco-use-among-people-living-with-hiv-analysis-of-data-from-demographic-and-health-surveys-from-28-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#14
Noreen D Mdege, Sarwat Shah, Olalekan A Ayo-Yusuf, James Hakim, Kamran Siddiqi
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use among people living with HIV results in excess morbidity and mortality. However, very little is known about the extent of tobacco use among people living with HIV in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). We assessed the prevalence of tobacco use among people living with HIV in LMICs. METHODS: We used Demographic and Health Survey data collected between 2003 and 2014 from 28 LMICs where both tobacco use and HIV test data were made publicly available...
June 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495124/using-visual-demonstrations-in-young-adults-to-promote-smoking-cessation-preliminary-findings-from-a-french-pilot-study
#15
Oksana Burford, Souraya Kindarji, Richard Parsons, Hector Falcoff
BACKGROUND: A personalised, smoking cessation message was successfully delivered in Australian community pharmacies to motivate behavioural change in young smoking adults. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to test the acceptability and effectiveness of the innovative, proven smoking cessation intervention to another population of young adults with a higher prevalence of smoking and associated morbidities. METHODS: Ninety eight university students in Paris, France were recruited to a pilot study (50 intervention: 48 control)...
May 4, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495106/israel-health-and-beyond
#16
REVIEW
Karl Skorecki, Richard Horton
The principle that global human identity and dignity supersede other values is a broadly accepted conviction that guides practice and policies in the realm of human health in most of the world. An assessment of the level of success that Israel has achieved in health, in the face of formidable challenges, including rapid population growth, diverse and often divided ethnic affiliations, and existential security threats, leads us to propose that extension of this principle of global human identity and dignity, together with the objective of a decent society, as overriding values beyond health to other domains of human endeavour within Israel and in its relations with neighbouring peoples, represents an entirely achievable imperative...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492203/assessment-of-tobacco-control-efforts-in-three-sub-saharan-african-countries
#17
Akindele O Adebiyi, Akinbode Oluwafemi
BACKGROUND: Tobacco industry's undermining of tobacco control goes on unabated in sub-Saharan African countries, especially in Kenya, Nigeria, and Uganda. The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) contains provisions aimed at curbing these activities. However, the level to which FCTC is implemented and the strength of each country's tobacco control law will determine its usefulness in this regard. We determined the implementation status and strength of tobacco control laws in Kenya, Nigeria, and Uganda...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492110/characteristics-of-influential-peers-in-the-eyes-of-secondary-school-students-a-mixed-method-study
#18
Alice Y Loke, Yim-Wah Mak, Cynthia S T Wu
Aim It is the aim of this study to explore the characteristics of influential peers identified by schoolmates, and the mechanism by which they exert their influence on their peers. BACKGROUND: Adolescent crowds are a salient influence on the health-risk behaviors of peers, contributing to adolescent substance use such as drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, and taking drugs. METHODS: A mixed method study. Three schools granted us access to students and those who had been nominated as influential by their peers...
May 11, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490550/multimorbidity-as-an-important-issue-among-women-results-of-a-gender-difference-investigation-in-a-large-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-west-asia
#19
Masoomeh Alimohammadian, Azam Majidi, Mehdi Yaseri, Batoul Ahmadi, Farhad Islami, Mohammad Derakhshan, Alireza Delavari, Mohammad Amani, Akbar Feyz-Sani, Hossein Poustchi, Akram Pourshams, Amir Mahdi Sadjadi, Masoud Khoshnia, Samad Qaravi, Christian C Abnet, Sanford Dawsey, Paul Brennan, Farin Kamangar, Paolo Boffetta, Alireza Sadjadi, Reza Malekzadeh
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of gender on multimorbidity in northern Iran. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of the Golestan cohort data. SETTING: Golestan Province, Iran. STUDY POPULATION: 49 946 residents (age 40-75 years) of Golestan Province, Iran. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Researchers collected data related to multimorbidity, defined as co-existence of two or more chronic diseases in an individual, at the beginning of a representative cohort study which recruited its participants from 2004 to 2008...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489936/the-association-of-dietary-vitamin-c-intake-with-periodontitis-among-korean-adults-results-from-knhanes-%C3%A2
#20
Jung-Hoo Lee, Myung-Seop Shin, Eun-Jeong Kim, Yoo-Been Ahn, Hyun-Duck Kim
BACKGROUNDS: The association of dietary vitamin C (vit C) on periodontitis requires more valid evidence from large representative samples to enable sufficient adjustments. This study aimed to evaluate the association between dietary vit C intake and periodontitis after controlling for various confounders in the representative Korean adult population. METHOD: A total of 10,930 Korean adults (≥19 years) from the fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data set were included in this cross-sectional study...
2017: PloS One
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