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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213340/demographic-and-indication-specific-characteristics-have-limited-association-with-social-network-engagement-evidence-from-24-954-members-of-four-health-care-support-groups
#1
Trevor van Mierlo, Xinlong Li, Douglas Hyatt, Andrew T Ching
BACKGROUND: Digital health social networks (DHSNs) are widespread, and the consensus is that they contribute to wellness by offering social support and knowledge sharing. The success of a DHSN is based on the number of participants and their consistent creation of externalities through the generation of new content. To promote network growth, it would be helpful to identify characteristics of superusers or actors who create value by generating positive network externalities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the feasibility of developing predictive models that identify potential superusers in real time...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211549/review-of-health-and-risk-behaviours-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-young-europeans-on-the-basis-of-the-results-from-the-eu-funded-saving-and-empowering-young-lives-in-europe-seyle-study
#2
REVIEW
Danuta Wasserman
An estimated 800 000 suicide deaths occur worldwide. The global suicide rate is 11.4 per 100 000 population; 15.0/100 000 for males and 8.0/100 000 for females. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29 year olds. In a collaborative effort to reduce the high rates of suicide and mental health problems among youth across Europe, the European Union 7th Framework funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. SEYLE is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to promote mental health and healthy lifestyles, while preventing psychopathology and suicidal behaviours among adolescents...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211056/targeted-mass-media-interventions-promoting-healthy-behaviours-to-reduce-risk-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-adult-ethnic-minorities
#3
REVIEW
Annhild Mosdøl, Ingeborg B Lidal, Gyri H Straumann, Gunn E Vist
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, a balanced diet, avoidance of tobacco exposure, and limited alcohol consumption may reduce morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Mass media interventions are commonly used to encourage healthier behaviours in population groups. It is unclear whether targeted mass media interventions for ethnic minority groups are more or less effective in changing behaviours than those developed for the general population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of mass media interventions targeting adult ethnic minorities with messages about physical activity, dietary patterns, tobacco use or alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of NCDs...
February 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207674/latino-acculturation-and-periodontitis-status-among-mexican-origin-adults-in-the-united-states-nhanes-2009-2012
#4
Dina Garcia, Sergey Tarima, Laura Glasman, Laura D Cassidy, John Meurer, Christopher Okunseri
This study examined the association between Latino acculturation indicators (language and citizenship/nativity status) and periodontitis using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2012. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses were performed and all analyses were adjusted for the complex survey design. Results showed that 63.2% of participants had periodontitis: 9.4% mild, 37.9% moderate, and 16% severe. Language was significantly associated with periodontitis after adjusting for age, educational level, gender, usual source of care, flossing, smoking, and glycohemoglobin level (P = ...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196944/association-of-passive-and-active-smoking-with-self-rated-health-and-life-satisfaction-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-iv-study
#5
Ramin Heshmat, Mostafa Qorbani, Saeid Safiri, Amir Eslami-Shahr Babaki, Nassim Matin, Nazgol Motamed-Gorji, Mohammad-Esmaeil Motlagh, Shirin Djalalinia, Gelayol Ardalan, Morteza Mansourian, Hamid Asayesh, Roya Kelishadi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the joint association of passive and active smoking with self-rated health and life satisfaction among Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: Using a multistage random cluster sampling method, a representative sample of 14 880 school students were selected from urban and rural areas of 30 provinces of Iran. Data were gathered using a questionnaire, a weight scale and metre. Participants were classified into four groups based on their smoking patterns: 'non-smoker', 'only active smoker', 'only passive smoker' and 'active and passive smoker'...
February 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192676/crossing-boundaries
#6
Leighton Ku, Erika Steinmetz, Tyler Bysshe, Brian K Bruen
OBJECTIVES: Previous state interagency collaborations have led to successful tobacco cessation initiatives. The objective of this study was to assess the roles and interaction of state Medicaid and public health agency efforts to support tobacco cessation for low-income Medicaid beneficiaries. METHODS: We interviewed Medicaid and state public health agency officials in 8 states in September and October 2015 about collaborations in policy development and implementation for Medicaid tobacco cessation, including Medicaid coverage policies, quitlines, and monitoring...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186927/patterns-of-health-related-behaviours-among-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-national-survey-of-school-health-brazil-2012
#7
Catarina Machado Azeredo, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Ricardo Araya
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyse the clustering of multiple health-related behaviours among adolescents and describe which socio-demographic characteristics are associated with these patterns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Brazilian schools assessed by the National Survey of School Health (PeNSE, 2012). PARTICIPANTS: 104 109 Brazilian ninth-grade students from public and private schools (response rate=82...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178194/preventive-healthcare-a-neural-network-analysis-of-behavioral-habits-and-chronic-diseases
#8
Viju Raghupathi, Wullianallur Raghupathi
The research aims to explore the association between behavioral habits and chronic diseases, and to identify a portfolio of risk factors for preventive healthcare. The data is taken from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) database of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, for the year 2012. Using SPSS Modeler, we deploy neural networks to identify strong positive and negative associations between certain chronic diseases and behavioral habits. The data for 475,687 records from BRFS database included behavioral habit variables of consumption of soda and fruits/vegetables, alcohol, smoking, weekly working hours, and exercise; chronic disease variables of heart attack, stroke, asthma, and diabetes; and demographic variables of marital status, income, and age...
February 6, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174149/smartmom-text-messaging-for-prenatal-education-a-qualitative-focus-group-study-to-explore-canadian-women-s-perceptions
#9
Sarah Munro, Amber Hui, Vanessa Salmons, Carolyn Solomon, Emily Gemmell, Nahal Torabi, Patricia A Janssen
BACKGROUND: We engaged Canadian women in the development of a prenatal education program delivered via one-way text messaging called SmartMom. SmartMom is the first peer-reviewed, evidence-based mHealth program for prenatal education in Canada and the first to be endorsed by the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada. OBJECTIVE: To explore women's preferences for a prenatal education program by text messaging. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative focus group study in three Canadian communities in the Northern Health Authority...
February 7, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173956/-spanish-adaptation-of-the-2016-european-guidelines-on-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-clinical-practice
#10
M Á Royo-Bordonada, P Armario, J M Lobos Bejarano, J Pedro-Botet, F Villar Alvarez, R Elosua, C Brotons Cuixart, O Cortés, B Serrano, M Cammafort Babkowski, A Gil Núñez, A Pérez, A Maiques, A de Santiago Nocito, A Castro, E Alegría, C Baeza, M Herranz, S Sans, P Campos
The VI European Guidelines for Cardiovascular Prevention recommend combining population and high-risk strategies with lifestyle changes as a cornerstone of prevention, and propose the SCORE function to quantify cardiovascular risk. The guidelines highlight disease specific interventions, and conditions as women, young people and ethnic minorities. Screening for subclinical atherosclerosis with noninvasive imaging techniques is not recommended. The guidelines distinguish four risk levels (very high, high, moderate and low) with therapeutic objectives for lipid control according to risk...
February 4, 2017: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169018/impact-of-age-at-smoking-initiation-on-smoking-related-morbidity-and-all-cause-mortality
#11
Seung Hee Choi, Manfred Stommel
INTRODUCTION: Using a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults, the aims of this study were to examine the impact of early smoking initiation on the development of self-reported smoking-related morbidity and all-cause mortality. METHODS: National Health Interview Survey data from 1997 through 2005 were linked to the National Death Index with follow-up to December 31, 2011. Two primary dependent variables were smoking-related morbidity and all-cause mortality; the primary independent variable was age of smoking initiation...
February 3, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159005/the-women-s-wellness-after-cancer-program-a-multisite-single-blinded-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#12
Debra Anderson, Charrlotte Seib, Dian Tjondronegoro, Jane Turner, Leanne Monterosso, Amanda McGuire, Janine Porter-Steele, Wei Song, Patsy Yates, Neil King, Leonie Young, Kate White, Kathryn Lee, Sonj Hall, Mei Krishnasamy, Kathy Wells, Sarah Balaam, Alexandra L McCarthy
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in cancer diagnosis and treatment have significantly improved survival rates, patients post-treatment-related health needs are often not adequately addressed by current health services. The aim of the Women's Wellness after Cancer Program (WWACP), which is a digitised multimodal lifestyle intervention, is to enhance health-related quality of life in women previously treated for blood, breast and gynaecological cancers. METHODS: A single-blinded, multi-centre randomized controlled trial recruited a total of 330 women within 24 months of completion of chemotherapy (primary or adjuvant) and/or radiotherapy...
February 3, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158988/microsatellite-polymorphisms-associated-with-human-behavioural-and-psychological-phenotypes-including-a-gene-environment-interaction
#13
Andrew T M Bagshaw, L John Horwood, David M Fergusson, Neil J Gemmell, Martin A Kennedy
BACKGROUND: The genetic and environmental influences on human personality and behaviour are a complex matter of ongoing debate. Accumulating evidence indicates that short tandem repeats (STRs) in regulatory regions are good candidates to explain heritability not accessed by genome-wide association studies. METHODS: We tested for associations between the genotypes of four selected repeats and 18 traits relating to personality, behaviour, cognitive ability and mental health in a well-studied longitudinal birth cohort (n = 458-589) using one way analysis of variance...
February 3, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154743/effects-of-physical-activity-at-work-and-life-style-on-sleep-in-workers-from-an-amazonian-extractivist-reserve
#14
Andressa Juliane Martins, Suleima Pedroza Vasconcelos, Debra Jean Skene, Arne Lowden, Claudia Roberta de Castro Moreno
Physical activity has been recommended as a strategy for improving sleep. Nevertheless, physical effort at work might not be not the ideal type of activity to promote sleep quality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of type of job (low vs. high physical effort) and life-style on sleep of workers from an Amazonian Extractivist Reserve, Brazil. A cross-sectional study of 148 low physical activity (factory workers) and 340 high physical activity (rubber tappers) was conducted between September and November 2011...
October 2016: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153959/adult-smokers-perceptions-of-cigarette-pack-inserts-promoting-cessation-a-focus-group-study
#15
Crawford Moodie
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco companies have a long tradition of including promotional material within cigarette packs, such as cigarette cards and coupons. Only in Canada are they required, by the government, to include educational material within cigarette packs, in the form of inserts highlighting the benefits of quitting or providing tips on how to do so. METHODS: Twenty focus groups were conducted in Glasgow and Edinburgh in 2015, with smokers (n=120) segmented by age (16-17, 18-24, 25-35, 36-50, >50), gender and social grade, to explore perceptions of the inserts used in Canada...
February 2, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146638/predictors-of-nicotine-dependence-in-adolescents-symptoms-of-bipolar-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#16
Ta-Chuan Yeh, Sheng-Chiang Wang, Yu-Tien Chang, Chin-Bin Yeh
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar disorder (BD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been associated with the use of cigarettes, but little is known about the impact of the subthreshold symptoms of BD or ADHD on the course of nicotine dependence. Identifying the links is essential for elucidating the pathway and supporting the development of nicotine prevention strategies for adolescents. METHODS: Participants (n = 3322) aged 15-17 years completed the Chinese version of the ADHD Self-Report Scale and the Mood Disorder Questionnaire...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137729/community-based-cardiovascular-health-promotion-in-argentina-a-systematic-review
#17
Ariel Esteban Bardach, Natalia Elorriaga, Andrea Olga Alcaraz, Adolfo Luis Rubinstein, Julio Marcelo Tavella
In Argentina, cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for 30% of deaths and more than 600 000 disability-adjusted life years. However, no reviews describing local studies on interventions to address CVD risk factors have been identified. The purpose of this study is to characterize those population-based interventions and public policies implemented in Argentina to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease with an adequate evaluation of their impact on population health. We conducted a systematic review of studies that assessed interventions in health promotion and/or primary prevention conducted in adult populations of Argentina, addressing specific CVD factors, from 1999 to 2016...
January 30, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135880/electronic-heath-record-prompts-may-increase-screening-for-secondhand-smoke-exposure
#18
Katharine E H Thomas, Steve Kisely, Fernando Urrego
INTRODUCTION: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that pediatricians promote smoking cessation among caregivers at every visit. Currently, there are inconsistencies between recommendations and clinical practice. This study aims to compare results generated from 3 intervention methods on the rate at which pediatricians screen for secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe). METHODS: Pediatricians were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 intervention groups: no lecture, changes in electronic health record (EHR) (G1); lecture, no changes in the EHR (G2); or a lecture and EHR changes (G3)...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134228/knowledge-on-bronchial-asthma-among-teachers-and-educators-preliminary-results-of-a-pilot-study
#19
Andrzej Witusik, Łukasz Mokros, Tadeusz Pietras
: One of the elements contributing to development of health-promoting behaviors is knowledge transmitted by teachers. AIM: The aim of the research was to assess the teachers' and educators' knowledge on bronchial asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The survey consisting of closed multiple choice questions concerning bronchial asthma was conducted among 106 teachers. The questionnaire contained 12 questions selected by competent judges. To verify statistical hypotheses, we used Pearson Chi2 test with Benjamini-Hochberg correction...
January 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133697/prevalence-and-predictors-of-physical-exercise-among-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Mohamad A Al-Tannir, Samer Y Kobrosly, Nahid K Elbakri, Amani K Abu-Shaheen
To identify the prevalence and predictors of physical exercise among nurses. Methods: This study was conducted at 2 hospitals selected randomly from tertiary hospitals in King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and Makassed General Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon in 2014. The study included nurses with at least one year of nursing experience. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire was divided into 2 sections, one covering the respondents' demographics, and the other one assessing the prevalence and the characteristics of physical exercise...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
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