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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818475/oseltamivir-use-and-severe-abnormal-behavior-in-japanese-children-and-adolescents-with-influenza-is-a-self-controlled-case-series-study-applicable
#1
Wakaba Fukushima, Kotaro Ozasa, Akihisa Okumura, Masaaki Mori, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Takashi Nakano, Takuya Tanabe, Naoto Yamaguchi, Hiroshi Suzuki, Mitsuru Mori, Hideaki Hatayama, Hirotaka Ochiai, Kyoko Kondo, Kazuya Ito, Satoko Ohfuji, Yosikazu Nakamura, Yoshio Hirota
OBJECTIVE: Since the 1990s, self-controlled designs including self-controlled case series (SCCS) studies have been occasionally used in post-marketing evaluation of drug or vaccine safety. An SCCS study was tentatively applied to evaluate the relationship between oseltamivir use and abnormal behavior Type A (serious abnormal behavior potentially leading to an accident or harm to another person) in influenza patients. METHODS: From the original prospective cohort study with approximately 10,000 Japanese children and adolescents with influenza (aged <18years), 28 subjects (mean age: 7...
August 24, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815480/evaluation-of-electronic-healthcare-databases-for-post-marketing-drug-safety-surveillance-and-pharmacoepidemiology-in-china
#2
Yu Yang, Xiaofeng Zhou, Shuangqing Gao, Hongbo Lin, Yanming Xie, Yuji Feng, Kui Huang, Siyan Zhan
INTRODUCTION: Electronic healthcare databases (EHDs) are used increasingly for post-marketing drug safety surveillance and pharmacoepidemiology in Europe and North America. However, few studies have examined the potential of these data sources in China. METHODS: Three major types of EHDs in China (i.e., a regional community-based database, a national claims database, and an electronic medical records [EMR] database) were selected for evaluation. Forty core variables were derived based on the US Mini-Sentinel (MS) Common Data Model (CDM) as well as the data features in China that would be desirable to support drug safety surveillance...
August 16, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811732/exposure-to-and-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-does-language-matter
#3
Paul Wada, Chun Nok Lam, Elizabeth Burner, Sophie Terp, Michael Menchine, Sanjay Arora
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether patients who are English proficient become aware of e-cigarettes through different marketing tactics and have dissimilar patterns of use than patients who are non-English speaking. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study surveying adult English- and Spanish-speaking patients. ANOVA and chi-squared tests were used to examine differences between groups. SETTING: A large public, safety-net hospital in Los Angeles County, California...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809644/-endoprosthesis-infections-guidelines-for-antibiotic-therapy-common-guidelines-of-the-czech-society-for-orthopaedics-and-traumatology-and-the-society-for-infectious-diseases-of-the-czech-medical-association-of-j-e-purkyn%C3%A4
#4
D Musil, M Balejová, M Horníková, A Chrdle, N Mallátová, O Nyč, V Chmelík, J Gallo, D Jahoda, J Stehlík
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY This study aims to articulate regional guidelines for curative and suppressive antibiotic therapy of total joint replacement infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS When developing the standard, used as source materials were the published foreign guidelines for antibiotic therapy of prosthetic joint infections, the analysis of resistance of bacterial strains conducted in the Hospital in České Budějovice, a.s. and the assessment of strain resistance for the Czech Republic published by the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network (EARS-Net)...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809590/brand-trust-and-image-effects-on-customer-satisfaction
#5
Sayed Hamid Khodadad Hosseini, Leila Behboudi
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate brand trust and brand image effects on healthcare service users. Nowadays, managers and health activists are showing increased tendency to marketing and branding to attract and satisfy customers. Design/methodology/approach The current study's design is based on a conceptual model examining brand trust and brand image effects on customer satisfaction. Data obtained from 240 questionnaires (310 respondents) were analyzed using path analysis. Findings Results revealed that the most effective items bearing the highest influence on customer satisfaction and on benefiting from healthcare services include brand image, staff sincerity to its patients, interactions with physicians and rapport...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808506/the-knowledge-concerns-and-healthcare-practices-among-physicians-regarding-electronic-cigarettes
#6
Venkatkiran Kanchustambham, Swetha Saladi, Jonathan Rodrigues, Hermina Fernandes, Setu Patolia, Sadhashiv Santosh
Background: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are battery-powered devices that deliver aerosolized nicotine. With easy access and over-the-counter availability, many patients consider using electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation. Few studies have looked at long-term safety/efficacy and physician knowledge/attitudes toward e-cigarettes. Physicians have insufficient guidelines for advising their patients about e-cigarettes. Objective: 1) To identify knowledge and attitude of health care practitioners toward electronic cigarettes...
July 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805361/medicare-program-hospital-inpatient-prospective-payment-systems-for-acute-care-hospitals-and-the-long-term-care-hospital-prospective-payment-system-and-policy-changes-and-fiscal-year-2018-rates-quality-reporting-requirements-for-specific-providers-medicare
#7
(no author information available yet)
We are revising the Medicare hospital inpatient prospective payment systems (IPPS) for operating and capital-related costs of acute care hospitals to implement changes arising from our continuing experience with these systems for FY 2018. Some of these changes implement certain statutory provisions contained in the Pathway for Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) Reform Act of 2013, the Improving Medicare Post-Acute Care Transformation Act of 2014, the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015, the 21st Century Cures Act, and other legislation...
August 14, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799224/genomic-insights-into-the-pathogenicity-and-environmental-adaptability-of-enterococcus-hirae-r17-isolated-from-pork-offered-for-retail-sale
#8
Zixin Peng, Menghan Li, Wei Wang, Hongtao Liu, Séamus Fanning, Yujie Hu, Jianzhong Zhang, Fengqin Li
Genetic information about Enterococcus hirae is limited, a feature that has compromised our understanding of these clinically challenging bacteria. In this study, comparative analysis was performed of E. hirae R17, a daptomycin-resistant strain isolated from pork purchased from a retail market in Beijing, China, and three other enterococcal genomes (Enterococcus faecium DO, Enterococcus faecalis V583, and E. hirae ATCC(™) 9790). Some 1,412 genes were identified that represented the core genome together with an additional 139 genes that were specific to E...
August 10, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793385/factors-which-influence-concordance-among-measurements-obtained-by-different-pulse-oximeters-currently-used-in-some-clinical-situations
#9
Candelaria de la Merced Díaz-González, Milagros de la Rosa-Hormiga, Josefa M Ramal-López, Juan José González-Henríquez, María Sandra Marrero-Morales
AIMS: This study evaluates both concordance among those measurements obtained by three different pulse oximeters currently used by nursing professionals in hospital units and the factors which can influence this concordance. BACKGROUND: Many models of wireless pulse oximeters in the present market do not offer possibility of calibration and, therefore, they do not ensure patients' safety in daily clinical practice. DESIGN: This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777654/changing-musculoskeletal-extremity-imaging-utilization-from-1994-through-2013-a-medicare-beneficiary-perspective
#10
Soterios Gyftopoulos, Paul Harkey, Jennifer Hemingway, Danny R Hughes, Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Richard Duszak
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess temporal changes in the utilization of musculoskeletal extremity imaging in Medicare beneficiaries over a recent 20-year period (1994-2013). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medicare Physician Supplier Procedure Summary Master Files from 1994 through 2013 were used to study changing utilization and utilization rates of the four most common musculoskeletal imaging modalities: radiography, MRI, CT, and ultrasound. RESULTS: Utilization rates (per 1000 beneficiaries) for all four musculoskeletal extremity imaging modalities increased over time: 43% (from 441...
August 4, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770534/antidepressant-induced-acute-liver-injury-a-case-control-study-in-an-italian-inpatient-population
#11
Carmen Ferrajolo, Cristina Scavone, Monia Donati, Oscar Bortolami, Giovanna Stoppa, Domenico Motola, Alfredo Vannacci, Alessandro Mugelli, Roberto Leone, Annalisa Capuano
INTRODUCTION: Pre-marketing clinical trials show that antidepressant-induced liver injury seems to be a rare adverse event. Because of short follow-up trial duration, the incidence of liver injury due to antidepressant use could be underestimated. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to quantify the risk of acute liver injury associated with antidepressant use through a case-control analysis among an inpatient population. METHODS: A multicenter study was carried out in nine Italian hospitals from October 2010 to January 2014, within the DILI-IT (Drug-Induced Liver Injury in Italy) study project...
August 2, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768288/reliability-and-validity-of-a-smartphone-paired-pulse-oximeter-for-screening-of-critical-congenital-heart-defects-in-newborns
#12
Maurice J Huizing, Eduardo Villamor-Martínez, Ingrid A Chavagne, Ward Y Vanagt, Marc A E Spaanderman, Eduardo Villamor
BACKGROUND: Barriers to widespread implementation of pulse oximetry screening of critical congenital heart defects (CCHD) in newborns include increasing trends of out-of-hospital births and cost of equipment. In recent years, smartphone-compatible pulse oximeters have appeared on the market, but the validity of such devices in the setting of CCHD screening has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To compare the performance in CCHD screening of a smartphone-paired pulse oximeter (Masimo iSpO2-Rx™) and a hospital-grade pulse oximeter (Masimo Radical-7™)...
August 3, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764191/knowledge-and-perception-about-pharmacovigilance-among-pharmacy-students-of-universities-in-sana-a-yemen
#13
Gamil Qasem Othman, Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim, Mohammed Alshakka, Mukhtar Ansari, Farouk Al-Qadasi, Abdulsalam M Halboup
INTRODUCTION: Pharmacists in community or hospital setting play a key role in reporting Adverse Drug Reaction (ADRs) during practice. Under reporting is considered as a profession malpractice worldwide. AIM: To determine the level of knowledge and perception about phramacovigilance and ADRs reporting among final year pharmacy students of Universities in Sana'a Yemen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was conducted among 385 final year pharmacy students...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764158/salivary-anti-50-kda-antibodies-as-a-useful-biomarker-for-diagnosis-of-typhoid-fever
#14
Nur Eliyana Mohd Redhuan, Kai Ling Chin, Azreen Syazril Adnan, Asma Ismail, Prabha Balaram, Kia Kien Phua
INTRODUCTION: Typhoid fever remains a scourge of humanity, especially in developing and under-developed countries due to poor sanitation and food hygiene. Diagnostic methods available for detection of this disease are not satisfactory due to a lack of sensitive, specific, rapid and convenient diagnostic test kits available in the market. AIM: To evaluate the feasibility of a Dot-EIA method for Ig-class specific salivary antibody detection for diagnosis of typhoid fever...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755097/provider-experiences-with-chronic-care-management-ccm-services-and-fees-a-qualitative-research-study
#15
Ann S O'Malley, Rumin Sarwar, Rosalind Keith, Patrick Balke, Sai Ma, Nancy McCall
BACKGROUND: Support for ongoing care management and coordination between office visits for patients with multiple chronic conditions has been inadequate. In January 2015, Medicare introduced the Chronic Care Management (CCM) payment policy, which reimburses providers for CCM activities for Medicare beneficiaries occurring outside of office visits. OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences, facilitators, and challenges of practices providing CCM services, and their implications going forward...
July 28, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748444/sustained-growth-of-a-university-based-endocrine-surgery-program-over-10-years
#16
Shonan Sho, Emily S Singer, Eric Kwok, Randi Hissom, Avital Harari, Masha J Livhits, Michael W Yeh
BACKGROUND: Endocrine surgery continues to mature as a subspecialty field. We describe the clinical performance of an academic endocrine surgery program (ESP) over its first 10 years. METHODS: We examined all endocrine procedures performed during the 10-year period (2006-2015) following the inception of the ESP. Institutional and state-level data on case volume, patient geographic origin, and hospital-side costs were obtained. RESULTS: Endocrine case volume increased by approximately ninefold over the study period (from 102 cases in 2006 to 919 cases in 2015)...
July 26, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746714/association-of-hospital-market-concentration-with-costs-of-complex-hepatopancreaticobiliary-surgery
#17
Marcelo Cerullo, Sophia Y Chen, Mary Dillhoff, Carl Schmidt, Joseph K Canner, Timothy M Pawlik
Importance: Trade-offs involved with market competition, overall costs to payers and consumers, and quality of care have not been well defined. Less competition within any given market may enable provider-driven increases in charges. Objective: To examine the association between regional hospital market concentration and hospital charges for hepatopancreaticobiliary surgical procedures. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study included all patients undergoing hepatic or pancreatic resection in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from January 1, 2003, through December 31, 2011...
July 26, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743293/assessment-of-inhaled-corticosteroids-use-and-associated-factors-among-asthmatic-patients-attending-tikur-anbessa-specialized-hospital-ethiopia
#18
Yohanes Ayele, Ephrem Engidawork, Tola Bayisa
BACKGROUND: Inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) are cornerstone therapy for persistent asthma. However, underutilization of ICSs is common and little is known about factors contributing toward this undesirable use. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted through interview and chart review among persistent asthmatic patients attending chest clinic of Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital from 1 May to 31 September 2014. A total of 131 eligible patients who attended the clinic during study period were included in the study...
July 25, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741414/the-decline-of-laparoendoscopic-single-site-surgery-a-survey-of-the-endourological-society-to-identify-shortcomings-and-guidance-for-future-directions
#19
Igor Sorokin, Noah E Canvasser, Brian Irwin, Riccardo Autorino, Evangelos N Liatsikos, Jeffrey A Cadeddu, Abhay Rane
INTRODUCTION: To analyze the most recent temporal trends in the adoption of urologic laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS), to identify the perceived limitations associated with its decline, and to determine factors that might revive the role of LESS in the field of minimally invasive urological surgery. METHODS: A 15 question survey was created and sent to members of the Endourological Society in September 2016. Only members who performed LESS procedures in practice were asked to respond...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737984/evaluating-the-training-responsibilities-and-practices-of-p-t-committee-members-and-nonmember-contributors
#20
Ryan Rodriguez, Brett J Kelly, Mary Moody
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy and therapeutics (P&T) committees are responsible for managing drug formularies in numerous health care settings. Although pharmacy practice and health care organizations provide general recommendations of responsibilities and skills for members and nonmember contributors of P&T committees, the study investigators hypothesized that there is diversity in the training, responsibilities, and practices of these members and contributors. OBJECTIVE: To describe the training, responsibilities, and practices of members and nonmember contributors of P&T committees in a variety of health care settings, using an online survey...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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