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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429519/the-incidence-and-costs-of-bacteremia-due-to-lack-of-gentamicin-lock-solutions-for-dialysis-catheters
#1
Tze Liang Goh, Jason Wei, David Semple, John Collins
The use of antibiotic lock solutions as prophylaxis for catheter-associated blood stream infection (CRBSI) has been shown to be effective in previous randomized controlled trials. However, the cost-effectiveness of this approach had not been studied. In 2012, the routine gentamicin-heparin lock solution used in Auckland City Hospital was withdrawn from the market, leading to a change to heparin-only lock. This was then replaced with gentamicin-citrate lock in 2014. This situation allowed review of the CRBSI rate and financial impact of different catheter lock solutions...
June 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425692/antitrust-law-hospital-mergers-third-circuit-clarifies-geographic-market-definition-and-raises-bar-for-efficiencies-defense
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Harvard Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421562/prevention-of-bacterial-biofilm-formation-on-soft-contact-lenses-using-natural-compounds
#3
Amira M El-Ganiny, Ghada H Shaker, Abeer A Aboelazm, Heba A El-Dash
PURPOSE: In eye care field, contact lenses (CL) have a great impact on improving vision, but their use can be limited by ocular infection. CL- associated infections can be reduced by good attention to CL storage case practice. CL-care solutions should be able to control microbial growth on CL. The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of CL-care solutions (found in Egyptian market) with some natural compounds in removal and inhibition of bacterial biofilm formed on soft CL...
December 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412133/the-southwest-uk-burns-network-swuk-experience-of-electronic-cigarette-explosions-and-review-of-literature
#4
A Arnaout, H Khashaba, T Dobbs, F Dewi, S Pope-Jones, A Sack, C Estela, D Nguyen
INTRODUCTION: Since the introduction of e-cigarettes to the UK market in 2007 their popularity amongst young adults has significantly increased. These lithium-ion powered devices remain unregulated by the Standards Agency and as a result burns centres across the world have seen an increasing number of patients presenting with significant burns, resulting from poor quality batteries that appear to be liable to explode when over-heated, over-charged or incorrectly stored. METHODS: Retrospective and perspective review of all e-cigarette related burns presenting to the Southwest Burns Network; South Wales Burns Centre (Morriston Hospital) or to Bristol burns centre (Southmead Hospital) between Oct 15-July 16, followed by a review of available literature performed and eligible papers identified using PRISMA 2009 Checklist...
April 12, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412027/regionalization-of-radical-cystectomy-in-the-united-states
#5
Christopher B Anderson, Renee Gennarelli, Harry W Herr, Elena B Elkin
PURPOSE: Radical cystectomy (RC) has become increasingly regionalized to high-volume hospitals. Our objective was to describe changes in regional market concentration and the distribution of RCs among hospitals, and examine how these changes affect patient travel distance to surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results-Medicare database to identify patients who had RC for bladder cancer from 2001 to 2011. We defined RC market concentration within each Hospital Referral Regions (HRR) in surveillance, epidemiology, and end results using the Hirschman-Herfindhal Index...
April 12, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407764/severe-hypertriglyceridemia-secondary-to-venlafaxine-use-in-an-older-adult-on-dialysis-case-report
#6
Hsiang-Wen Lin, Cory A Simonavice, Chiung-Ray Lu, Wen-Ling Lin, Po-Lun Wu, Che-Yi Chou, Chun-Hui Liao, Hsieh-Yuan Lane
BACKGROUND: Although the prescribing information for Venlafaxine extended release includes a discussion about possible increases in total cholesterol and triglycerides (TG) seen in healthier adult patients during premarketing clinical trials, no post-marketing studies or case reports, that discuss the effects of venlafaxine on TG in elderly patients with chronic kidney disease. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 71 year-old male patient with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis, with a history of coronary artery disease, mild hyperlipidemia, and hypertension...
April 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403414/a-national-survey-of-videolaryngoscopy-in-the-united-kingdom
#7
T M Cook, F E Kelly
Background.: There are increasing numbers of videolaryngoscopes marketed and increasing interest in the technology. The Difficult Airway Society's 2015 guidelines recommend that videolaryngoscopes should be immediately available at all times and that all anaesthetists should be trained and skilled in their use. Methods.: An electronic survey was sent to all UK National Health Service hospitals to examine availability, use, and attitudes to videolaryngoscopy, and closed in January 2014...
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398580/how-did-market-competition-affect-outpatient-utilization-under-the-diagnosis-related-group-based-payment-system
#8
Seung Ju Kim, Eun-Cheol Park, Sun Jung Kim, Kyu-Tae Han, Sung-In Jang
Objective: Although competition is known to affect quality of care, less is known about the effects of competition on outpatient health service utilization under the diagnosis-related group payment system. This study aimed to evaluate these effects and assess differences before and after hospitalization in South Korea. Design: Population-based retrospective observational study. Setting: We used two data set including outpatient data and hospitalization data from National Health Claim data from 2011 to 2014...
April 7, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397057/clinical-application-analysis-of-andrographolide-total-ester-sulfonate-injection-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-licensed-in-china
#9
Ying Zhao, Pu Huang, Zhe Chen, Si-Wei Zheng, Jin-Yang Yu, Chen Shi
Andrographolide total ester sulfonate (ATES) injection is one of the products of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) currently used against viral infection in China. ATES injection was approved for manufacturing and marketing in January 2002. It is indicated for acute respiratory infections, tonsillitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, influenza, foot and mouth disease, bronchiolitis, herpangina, mumps, infectious mononucleosis and psychosis. However, its usage also carries risk. We investigated the use of ATES at the Wuhan Union Hospital from January 2014 to December 2014 and evaluated its real-world clinical application using the hospital centralized monitoring method...
April 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394699/administrative-preparedness-strategies-expediting-procurement-and-contracting-cycle-times-during-an-emergency
#10
David Hurst, Sharon Sharpe, Valerie A Yeager
We assessed whether administrative preparedness processes that were intended to expedite the acquisition of goods and services during a public health emergency affect estimated procurement and contracting cycle times. We obtained data from 2014-2015 applications to the Hospital Preparedness Program and Public Health Emergency Preparedness (HPP-PHEP) cooperative agreements. We compared the estimated procurement and contracting cycle times of 61 HPP-PHEP awardees that did and did not have certain administrative processes in place...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394543/the-role-and-promotion-of-nursing
#11
Željka Benceković, Ivica Benko, Biserka Režek, Cecilija Grgas-Bile
Nurses have great influence on health care system. As they face many different states of affairs nowadays, it is necessary to find a way to promote and enable their profession. The significant interaction between nurses and patients and other medical professions makes them a powerful marketing tool of a medical institution. Therefore, the promotion of their image is necessary because of authorizing their professional status. There are numerous ways of creating and improving their image. Some of them include implementation of marketing principles and the Internet as well...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393674/building-an-oral-endoscope-for-use-in-equine-oral-examination-and-treatment
#12
Allison Rita Dotzel, Robert M Baratt
The use of oral endoscopy can be very beneficial in that it helps the clinician to perform a more thorough oral examination. However, due to the high cost, most commercially available equine oral endoscopy systems have been out of reach for clinicians who practice equine dentistry outside a large hospital setting. This article details how to set up an oral endoscopy system that can be used on equine patients either in an ambulatory practice or in a hospital setting. The system is more cost-effective than most other systems currently on the market without sacrificing functionality or image quality...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386820/oral-teicoplanin-as-an-alternative-first-line-regimen-in-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-elderly-patients-a-case-series
#13
Benjamin Davido, Céline Leplay, Frédérique Bouchand, Aurélien Dinh, Maryvonne Villart, Jean-Laurent Le Quintrec, Laurent Teillet, Jérôme Salomon, Hugues Michelon
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients are more susceptible to Clostridium difficile infections (CDIs). Despite existing guidelines, there is no specific treatment for CDI in geriatrics. Vancomycin is commonly used in the treatment of CDI. Teicoplanin is an alternative glycopeptide which recently received marketing authorization approval for CDI in Europe. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the potential interest of oral teicoplanin and assess whether such treatment could potentially become an alternative treatment in mild to severe CDIs in elderly patients...
April 6, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384854/cost-effective-printing-of-laboratory-reports-biochemist-s-and-physician-s-debate-and-institutions-dilemma
#14
Arun Kumar Harith, Anil Kumar Avs, Sangeetha Sampath
INTRODUCTION: Laboratory investigations account for significant percentage of healthcare expenses. Every hospital and laboratory especially in the government sector wants to cut down the expenses on reports and offer inferior printouts of reports. The debate of printing attractive reports (clientele aspiration) Vs costs cutting (managerial issues) continues. It becomes the moral responsibility of doctors to guide the management into implementing an effective and economical option of report transcription...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380147/-mental-disorders-and-participation-in-the-labor-market-a-multicenter-national-study-in-brazil
#15
Ada Ávila Assunção, Eduardo de Paula Lima, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães
The objective was to explore the relationship between labor market participation and patient characteristics in a representative sample of 2,475 adults admitted to 26 Brazilian mental health institutions (15 Centers for Psychosocial Care and 11 hospitals). Socio-demographic, clinical, and behavioral characteristics were obtained with structured interviews. Multinomial regression was used. Increased likelihood of temporary absence from the work market was associated with female gender, single, divorced, or widowed conjugal status, lack of stable housing, and history of first admission or treatment before the age of 18...
April 3, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375496/a-review-and-survey-of-neurosurgeon-hospital-relationships-evolution-and-options
#16
Dong H Kim, Bernard Duco, Daniel Wolterman, Charles Stokes, Rod Brace, Robert A Solomon, Nicholas Barbaro, Richard Westmark, David MacDougall, James Bean, Joanna O'Leary, Nicole Moayeri, Ralph G Dacey, Mitchel S Berger, Robert Harbaugh
As healthcare delivery shifts from fee-for-service, episodic care to pay for performance and population health, both hospitals and physicians are looking for new forms of integration. A number of regulations and restrictions govern physician relationships with hospitals. In this paper, we review the legal basis for such relationships and the options available. We also survey neurosurgeons and hospital executives to gain their perspective on the current situation and likely future. Two series of structured interviews were conducted with 10 neurosurgeons who work in a range of situations in diverse markets, and with Memorial Hermann Healthcare System senior executive leadership...
April 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373335/mystery-of-the-chargemaster-examining-the-role-of-hospital-list-prices-in-what-patients-actually-pay
#17
Michael Batty, Benedic Ippolito
Hospitals in the United States maintain chargemasters that contain the official list prices for all billable services. The prices vary widely across hospitals and are more than three times what hospitals are paid for treating a patient, on average. From this it is tempting to conclude that list prices are a strange, yet ultimately inconsequential, quirk of US health care. However, using both state and national data sets covering the period 2002-14, we found considerable evidence suggesting that list prices reflect hospitals' strategic behavior and have meaningful effects on payments made by and on behalf of patients...
April 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373334/evaluating-the-role-of-payment-policy-in-driving-vertical-integration-in-the-oncology-market
#18
Abby Alpert, Helen Hsi, Mireille Jacobson
The health care industry has experienced massive consolidation over the past decade. Much of the consolidation has been vertical (with hospitals acquiring physician practices) instead of horizontal (with physician practices or hospitals merging with similar entities). We documented the increase in vertical integration in the market for cancer care in the period 2003-15, finding that the rate of hospital or health system ownership of practices doubled from about 30 percent to about 60 percent. The two most commonly cited explanations for this consolidation are a 2005 Medicare Part B payment reform that dramatically reduced reimbursement for chemotherapy drugs, and the expansion of hospital eligibility for the 340B Drug Discount Program under the Affordable Care Act (ACA)...
April 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361828/knowledge-attitude-practice-on-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-a-cross-sectional-study-among-healthcare-providers
#19
P Cheena Chawla, Anil Chawla, Seema Chaudhary
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Cervical cancer is a major health problem and a leading cause of death among women in India. Of all the associated risk factors, high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infections being the principal aetiologic agent, two HPV vaccines are in use for the control of cervical cancer. The present study was undertaken to explore the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) on HPV vaccination among the healthcare providers in India. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 590 healthcare professionals from 232 hospitals and 80 PHCs of nine districts of Delhi-NCR (National Capital Region)...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356602/does-quality-affect-patients-choice-of-doctor-evidence-from-england
#20
Rita Santos, Hugh Gravelle, Carol Propper
Reforms giving users of public services choice of provider aim to improve quality. But such reforms will work only if quality affects choice of provider. We test this crucial prerequisite in the English health care market by examining the choice of 3.4 million individuals of family doctor. Family doctor practices provide primary care and control access to non-emergency hospital care, the quality of their clinical care is measured and published and care is free. In this setting, clinical quality should affect choice...
March 2017: Economic Journal
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