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Ivan Vrbik, Goran Sporiš, Lovro Štefan, Dejan Madić, Nebojša Trajković, Irena Valantine, Zoran Milanović
PURPOSE: The number of familiarization sessions in fitness assessments seems to be critical and inconsistent. Therefore, the primary aim of this research was to determine the number of familiarization attempts that stabilize the results in particular physical fitness tests. The secondary aim was to establish the test reliability through familiarization sessions. METHODS: Thirty-nine primary school children participated in this research (age: 10.8 years, body mass: 40...
October 21, 2016: Pediatric Exercise Science
Christopher L Grote, Julia I Novitski
OBJECTIVE: To review and summarize data provided by special issue authors regarding the education, training, and practice of neuropsychologists from 14 surveyed countries. METHOD: A table was constructed to present an overview of variables of interest. RESULTS: There is considerable diversity among surveyed countries regarding the education and training required to enter practice as a clinical neuropsychologist. Clinical neuropsychologists are typically well compensated, at least in comparison to what constitutes an average salary in each country...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
R D Holmes, J Porter, L Devapal, D A White
Background The 2013 Children's Dental Health survey is the fifth in a series of national surveys.Aims This paper describes children's reported use of dental services, their experience of receiving dental treatment and parental satisfaction with services.Methodology A representative sample of children (aged 5, 8, 12 and 15 years) in England, Wales and Northern Ireland were invited to participate in dental examinations. Older children and all parents were invited to complete a questionnaire about oral health behaviours and attitudes...
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
Sanna Lindåse, Katarina Nostell, Johan Bröjer
BACKGROUND: An oral sugar test (OST) using Karo(®) Light Corn Syrup has been developed in the USA as a field test for the assessment of insulin dysregulation in horses but the syrup is not available in Scandinavian grocery stores. The aim of the study was to compare the results of a modified OST between horses with equine metabolic syndrome (EMS) and healthy horses using a Scandinavian commercially available glucose syrup (Dansukker glykossirap). In addition, the effect of breed and the repeatability of the test were evaluated...
October 20, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Rita Payan-Carreira, Luis Martins, Sónia Miranda, Pedro Olivério, Severiano R Silva
BACKGROUND: Systems for estimating body condition score (BCS) are currently used in canine practice to monitor fatness levels. These tools are cheap and easy to use but lack the necessary precision to monitor small changes in body fat, particularly during weight control treatments or in research. The present work aims to study the application of real-time ultrasonography (RTU) together with image analysis in the assessment of subcutaneous fat depots in dogs. Ultrasound images were collected from five anatomical locations (chest, flank, abdomen, thigh and lumbar) from 28 healthy dogs of different breeds and with a body weight (BW) ranging from 5...
October 20, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Yang Liu, Saad M Khan, Juexin Wang, Mats Rynge, Yuanxun Zhang, Shuai Zeng, Shiyuan Chen, Joao V Maldonado Dos Santos, Babu Valliyodan, Prasad P Calyam, Nirav Merchant, Henry T Nguyen, Dong Xu, Trupti Joshi
BACKGROUND: With the advances in next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology and significant reductions in sequencing costs, it is now possible to sequence large collections of germplasm in crops for detecting genome-scale genetic variations and to apply the knowledge towards improvements in traits. To efficiently facilitate large-scale NGS resequencing data analysis of genomic variations, we have developed "PGen", an integrated and optimized workflow using the Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment (XSEDE) high-performance computing (HPC) virtual system, iPlant cloud data storage resources and Pegasus workflow management system (Pegasus-WMS)...
October 6, 2016: BMC Bioinformatics
H Liu, R Tariq, G L Liu, H Yan, A D Kaye
The intrathecal space has become an important anatomic site for medical intervention not only in anesthesia practice, but also in many other medical specialties. Undesired/inadvertent intrathecal injections (UII) are generally rare. There is tremendous variation in reported inadvertent administrations via an intrathecal route in the literature, mainly as individual cases and very small case-series reports. This review aims to identify potential sources of UII, its clinical presentations, and appropriate management...
October 21, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Ahmed Abdelfattah, Michael Wisniewski, Samir Droby, Leonardo Schena
The fungal diversity in harvested apples from organic or conventional management practices was analyzed in different fruit locations (stem end, calyx end, peel, and wounded flesh) shortly after fruit purchase (T1) and after 2 weeks of storage (T5). A total of 5,760,162 high-quality fungal sequences were recovered and assigned to 8,504 Operational Taxonomic Units. Members of the phylum Ascomycota were dominant in all samples and accounted for 91.6% of the total number of detected sequences. This was followed by Basidiomycota (8%), Chytridiomycota (0...
2016: Horticulture Research
Jason W Beckstead
BACKGROUND: Brunswik's Lens Model and lens model equation (LME) have been applied extensively in medical decision making. Clinicians often face the dual challenge of formulating a judgment of patient risk for some adverse outcome and making a yes or no decision regarding a particular risk-reducing treatment option. OBJECTIVE: In this article, I examine the correlation between clinical risk judgments and treatment-related decisions, referring to this linkage as "cohesion"...
October 20, 2016: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
Simeon Gill, Christopher J Parker
Ergonomic measurement is central to product design and development; especially for body worn products and clothing. However, there is a large variation in measurement definitions, complicated by new body scanning technology that captures measurements in a posture different to traditional manual methods. Investigations of hip measurement definitions in current clothing measurement practices supports analysis of the effect of scan posture and hip measurement definition on the circumferences of the hip. Here, the hip girth is a key clothing measurement that is not defined in current body scanning measurement standards...
October 20, 2016: Ergonomics
Paul Monsarrat, Bertrand Arcaute, Ove A Peters, Elisabeth Maury, Norbert Telmon, Marie Georgelin-Gurgel, Delphine Maret
OBJECTIVES: In endodontic practice, clinicians should be aware of possible root canal anatomic variations. The aim of this study was to assess using CBCT acquisitions regarding whether one root canal anatomy of a tooth is associated with a specific anatomy of another tooth. METHODS: A total of 106 CBCT acquisitions were obtained using a CBCT scanner with 200μm voxel size. Numbers of roots and canals of the entire dentition were described. Bivariate analyses and logistic regressions were conducted to explore root canal anatomy on one tooth according to age, gender, jaw, side and the others teeth...
2016: PloS One
Elin T G Kersten, Gerard H Koppelman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although currently available drugs to treat asthma are effective in most patients, a proportion of patients do not respond or experience side-effects; which is partly genetically determined. Pharmacogenetics is the study of how genetic variations influence drug response. In this review, we summarize prior results and recent studies in pharmacogenetics to determine if we can use genetic profiles for personalized treatment of asthma. RECENT FINDINGS: The field of pharmacogenetics has moved from candidate gene studies in single populations toward genome-wide association studies and meta-analysis of multiple studies...
October 18, 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Jennifer A Minneman, James L Grijalva, Michael J LaQuaglia, Heung Bae Kim, Shawn J Rangel, Khashayar Vakili
We sought to examine the relationship between liver transplant-related total cost, patient outcome, and hospital resource utilization at freestanding children's hospitals. Using the PHIS database, a retrospective study of 374 patients that underwent liver transplantation at 15 freestanding children's hospitals from July 2010 to December 2012 was performed. One-year graft failure and patient mortality rates from July 2010 to December 2012 for each center were also obtained from the SRTR. There was a 5.1-fold difference in median cost (median $146 444, range $59 487-302 058, P<...
October 20, 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
Natalya M Gashnikova, Darya P Zyryanova, Ekaterina M Astakhova, Vladimir V Ivlev, Maria P Gashnikova, Natalya V Moskaleva, Sergey S Aikin, Tatyana N Bulatova, Sergey V Pustylnikov, Evgeny F Bocharov, Aleksey V Totmenin
Kemerovo Oblast (KO) has had the highest rate of HIV spread in Russia since 2011. The aim of this work was to study the genetic variation of HIV-1 in Kemerovo Oblast. Blood was sampled from a total of 91 HIV-positive antiretroviral-therapy-naïve individuals in 2013 (38) and 2015 (53). HIV-1 subtypes, pol gene drug resistance mutations, and viral tropism were analyzed. In 2013-2015, the prevalence of HIV-1 subtype A decreased in KO from 60.5 to 7.5 %. The samples collected in 2015 from the patients with newly diagnosed HIV demonstrate the current dominance of HIV-1 CRF63_02A1 (71...
October 19, 2016: Archives of Virology
Rahul Tyagi, Marcin R Zgoda, Rachel Short
National Health Service Quality Improvement Scotland (NHS QIS) published a health technology scoping report in 2006 acknowledging that there are serious concerns within Scotland in relation to Developmental Dysplasia of Hip (DDH) as there is no formal screening program in place and there are significant variations between NHS boards leading to confusion for staff and parents. NHS QIS identified need for audit work to improve hip screening in Scotland. The aim of this study is review of current practice of selective screening for DDH...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
Peter A Bos
Variation in the quality of parental care has a tremendous impact on a child's social-emotional development. Research investigating the predictors of this variability in human caregiving behavior has mostly focused on learning mechanisms. Evidence is currently accumulating for the complementary underlying role of steroid hormones and neuropeptides. An overview is provided of the hormones and neuropeptides relevant for human caregiving behavior. Then the developmental factors are described that stimulate variability in sensitivity to these hormones and neuropeptides, which may result in variability in the behavioral repertoire of caregiving...
October 20, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
Thomas Young Ho Yoon, Richard A Michaud, Mitesh Patel, Alexandra M Manibo
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate variations in and the prevalence of the lingual concavity. MATERIALS & METHODS: This study used images taken between January 1st, 2011 and August 31st, 2015 from a total of 104 patient charts randomly selected from a private practice. These images were all acquired from a single cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) machine. The CBCT's were reviewed in cross sectional images of both the left and right anterior incisor and posterior molar regions...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Oral Implantology
Jeannette Pols
This article is a written version of the lecture for the IPONS conference in Stockholm. The article starts from the claim that there is no such thing as technology, only different variations of technologies. These technologies, plural, all have their specific workings that we can only learn about by studying these empirically, by analysing the relations between people and their technologies. These relations are always unpredictable, as it is not given beforehand what values the participants pursue. Studying and understanding the workings of healthcare technology is a crucial task for nursing studies, as nurses are often key actors in making these devices work...
October 18, 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
Evan H Einstein, Linda H Song, Natalia L A Villela, Gregory B Fasani-Feldberg, Jonathan L Jacobs, Dolly O Kim, Akshay Nathawat, Devika Patel, Roger B Bender, Daniel F Peters
Anatomic anomalies of the aortic arch have implications for clinical practice if their significance is understood. Our case study involves a cadaveric finding of the left vertebral artery originating directly from the aortic arch. Although this anatomical variation has been documented, the prevalence of this anomaly may be generally underestimated. After noting this anomaly, we analyzed 27 cases and found that four female cadavers had the left vertebral artery originating from the aortic arch rather than the left subclavian artery...
April 2016: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
Emily S Finn, R Todd Constable
Functional brain connectivity measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a popular technique for investigating neural organization in both healthy subjects and patients with mental illness. Despite a rapidly growing body of literature, however, functional connectivity research has yet to deliver biomarkers that can aid psychiatric diagnosis or prognosis at the single-subject level. One impediment to developing such practical tools has been uncertainty regarding the ratio of intra- to interindividual variability in functional connectivity; in other words, how much variance is state- versus trait-related...
September 2016: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
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