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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921396/frequency-and-type-of-inheritable-mutations-induced-by-%C3%AE-rays-in-rice-as-revealed-by-whole-genome-sequencing
#1
Shan Li, Yun-Chao Zheng, Hai-Rui Cui, Hao-Wei Fu, Qing-Yao Shu, Jian-Zhong Huang
Mutation breeding is based on the induction of genetic variations; hence knowledge of the frequency and type of induced mutations is of paramount importance for the design and implementation of a mutation breeding program. Although γ ray irradiation has been widely used since the 1960s in the breeding of about 200 economically important plant species, molecular elucidation of its genetic effects has so far been achieved largely by analysis of target genes or genomic regions. In the present study, the whole genomes of six γ-irradiated M2 rice plants were sequenced; a total of 144-188 million high-quality (Q>20) reads were generated for each M2 plant, resulting in genome coverage of >45 times for each plant...
2016: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921321/from-paperwork-to-parenting-experiences-of-professional-staff-in-student-support
#2
Wendy C Y Hu, Eleanor Flynn, Rebecca Mann, Robyn Woodward-Kron
CONTEXT: For academic staff, responding to student concerns is an important responsibility. Professional staff, or non-academic staff who do administrative work in medical schools, are often the first to be approached by students, yet there is little research on how they manage student issues. Informed by the conceptual framework of emotional labour, we examined the experiences of professional staff, aiming to identify theoretical and practical insights for improving the provision of student support...
December 5, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920968/evaluating-the-high-probability-instructional-sequence-to-increase-the-acceptance-of-foods-with-an-adolescent-with-autism
#3
Danielle M Ewry, Mitch J Fryling
This study evaluates the effectiveness of a variation of the high-probability (high-p) sequence involving bites of food as high-p tasks on the acceptance of low-probability (low-p) foods in an adolescent with autism spectrum disorder. After demonstrating the effectiveness of the high-p sequence using a reversal design, the participant's mother implemented the intervention. Intervention effects were partially maintained during 7-month maintenance probes. Implications for research and practice are provided.
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919936/smoking-cessation-interventions-for-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-and-comorbidities-an-observational-cross-sectional-study-in-primary-care
#4
David N Blane, Daniel Mackay, Bruce Guthrie, Stewart W Mercer
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how smoking cessation practices in primary care differ for patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) who have different comorbidities. AIM: To determine the association between different patterns of comorbidity and smoking rates and smoking cessation interventions in primary care for patients with CHD. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study of 81 456 adults with CHD in primary care in Scotland. METHOD: Details of eight concordant physical comorbidities, 23 discordant physical comorbidities, and eight mental health comorbidities were extracted from electronic health records between April 2006 and March 2007...
December 5, 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919562/impact-of-pre-equilibration-and-diffusion-limited-release-kinetics-on-effluent-concentration-in-column-leaching-tests-insights-from-numerical-simulations
#5
Michael Finkel, Peter Grathwohl
Column leaching tests have become a standard method for assessing leaching of pollutants from materials used, e.g., for road and railway constructions and in landscaping measures. Column tests showed to be practical in laboratories yielding robust and reproducible results. However, considerable uncertainty still exists related particularly to the degree of equilibration of the pore water with the solids during preparation (pre-equilibration) and percolation of the column. We analyse equilibration time scales and sensitivity of concentrations in column leachate with respect to initial conditions in a series of numerical experiments covering a broad spectrum of material and solute properties...
December 2, 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919250/the-impact-of-health-information-technologies-on-quality-improvement-methodologies-efficiency-throughput-and-financial-outcomes-a-retrospective-observational-study
#6
Raed H AlHazme, Syed S Haque, Hal Wiggin, Arif M Rana
BACKGROUND: To evaluate whether or not the utilization of Health Information Technologies (HITs) in Quality Improvement Methodologies (QIMs) has impacts on QIMs' efficiency, throughput and financial outcomes at healthcare organizations and physician practices in the United States. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study that was conducted between the years of 2014 and 2015 and relied on two data sources: the Dorenfest Institute dataset and the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) Analytics data source...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919163/isotopes-to-assess-sustainability-of-overexploited-groundwater-in-the-souss-massa-system-morocco
#7
Mohammed Hssaisoune, Lhoussaine Bouchaou, Baudelaire N'da, Mouna Malki, Houria Abahous, Alan E Fryar
Groundwater depletion and changes in isotopic and chemical contents constitute the main indicators of overexploitation, recharge, and flow paths in the Souss-Massa aquifer. These indicators highlight processes concerning sustainability of water resources in the aquifer (e.g. surface/groundwater interaction, recharge processes, and marine intrusion). The spatial variation of stable and radioactive isotopic contents indicates a mixing of modern and old water within the system. Recent recharge was observed mainly along the Souss River (the major surface-water drainage in the study area) and in the irrigated areas...
December 5, 2016: Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918413/a-brain-machine-interface-based-on-erd-ers-for-an-upper-limb-exoskeleton-control
#8
Zhichuan Tang, Shouqian Sun, Sanyuan Zhang, Yumiao Chen, Chao Li, Shi Chen
To recognize the user's motion intention, brain-machine interfaces (BMI) usually decode movements from cortical activity to control exoskeletons and neuroprostheses for daily activities. The aim of this paper is to investigate whether self-induced variations of the electroencephalogram (EEG) can be useful as control signals for an upper-limb exoskeleton developed by us. A BMI based on event-related desynchronization/synchronization (ERD/ERS) is proposed. In the decoder-training phase, we investigate the offline classification performance of left versus right hand and left hand versus both feet by using motor execution (ME) or motor imagery (MI)...
December 2, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918231/a-3d-assessment-and-feedback-tool-for-ankylosing-spondylitis-from-the-perspective-of-healthcare-professionals
#9
Shijuan Li, Stephen Kay, Stuart Porter
To investigate the utility of 3D visualization technology to augment assessment and feedback for Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS), a visualization prototype was developed, and both subjective and objective measures of current assessment instruments were compared. To verify and establish a base-line for the prototype's effectiveness, motion data and measurement data from a healthy adult in a laboratory environment were collected. To validate the prototype, a qualitative evaluation was undertaken using multiple methods including a pilot study, focus groups, and individual interviews...
December 5, 2016: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917014/contextual-ecological-and-organizational-variations-in-risk-adjusted-copd-and-asthma-hospitalization-rates-of-rural-medicare-beneficiaries
#10
Thomas T H Wan, Yi-Ling Lin, Judith Ortiz
The purpose of this study is to examine what factors contributing to the variability in chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) and asthma hospitalization rates when the influence of patient characteristics is being simultaneously considered by applying a risk adjustment method. A longitudinal analysis of COPD and asthma hospitalization of rural Medicare beneficiaries in 427 rural health clinics (RHCs) was conducted utilizing administrative data and inpatient and outpatient claims from Region 4. The repeated measures of risk-adjusted COPD and asthma admission rate were analyzed by growth curve modeling...
2016: Research in the Sociology of Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916551/environmental-scan-of-cystic-fibrosis-research-worldwide
#11
Janice Kelly
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a rare fatal genetic disease, affecting 70,000 to 100,000 people worldwide [1]. Numerous countries have specific charitable organizations dedicated to CF, with many funding research to find a cure or effective control for the disease. Cystic Fibrosis Canada, the largest charity in Canada dedicated to funding research and care in CF, conducted an environmental scan of these organizations to learn and better understand their research goals and funding process...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916485/prevalence-of-gestational-diabetes-among-chinese-and-south-asians-a-canadian-population-based-analysis
#12
Roseanne O Yeung, Anamarie Savu, Brooke Kinniburgh, Lily Lee, Susie Dzakpasu, Chantal Nelson, Jeffrey A Johnson, Lois E Donovan, Edmond A Ryan, Padma Kaul
BACKGROUND: There is considerable geographic variation in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) rates. We used data from two Canadian provinces, British Columbia (BC) and Alberta (AB), to determine the impact of ethnicity on GDM prevalence and neonatal outcomes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: All deliveries between 04/01/2004 and 03/31/2010 in AB (n=249,796) and BC (n=248,217) were analyzed. We calculated GDM prevalence among Chinese, South-Asian, and the general population (predominantly Caucasian) women...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915432/social-learning-in-a-longitudinal-integrated-clinical-placement
#13
Chris Roberts, Michele Daly, Fabian Held, David Lyle
Recent research has demonstrated that longitudinal integrated placements (LICs) are an alternative mode of clinical education to traditional placements. Extended student engagement in community settings provide the advantages of educational continuity as well as increased service provision in underserved areas. Developing and maintaining LICs require a differing approach to student learning than that for traditional placements. There has been little theoretically informed empirical research that has offered explanations of which are the important factors that promote student learning in LICs and the relationships between those factors...
December 3, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914938/paracentesis-practice-assessment-using-the-plan-do-study-act-cycle-to-identify-and-reduce-periprocedural-variations-and-to-implement-mandated-protocols
#14
Etienne Hache, Ania Z Kielar, Elizabeth Paul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914350/phosphorus-flows-in-a-peri-urban-region-with-intensive-food-production-a-case-study
#15
S Bittman, S C Sheppard, D Poon, D E Hunt
Excess phosphorus (P) in peri-urban regions is an emerging issue, whereas there is global depletion of quality mined supplies of P. The flow of P across the landscape leading to regional surpluses and deficits is not well understood. We computed a regional P budget with internal P flows in a fairly discreet peri-urban region (Lower Fraser Valley, BC) with closely juxtaposed agricultural and non-agricultural urban ecosystems, in order to clarify the relationship between food production, food consumption and other activities involving use of P (e...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913175/automated-cta-based-measurements-for-planning-support-of-minimally-invasive-aortic-valve-replacement-surgery
#16
Mustafa A Elattar, Floortje van Kesteren, Esther M Wiegerinck, Ed Vanbavel, Jan Baan, Riccardo Cocchieri, Bas de Mol, Nils R Planken, Henk A Marquering
Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (mini-AVR) procedures are a valuable alternative to conventional open heart surgery. Currently, planning of mini-AVR consists of selection of the intercostal space closest to the sinotubular junction on preoperative computer tomography images. We developed an automated algorithm detecting the sinotubular junction (STJ) and intercostal spaces for finding the optimal incision location. The accuracy of the STJ detection was assessed by comparison with manual delineation by measuring the Euclidean distance between the manually and automatically detected points...
November 29, 2016: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912949/seasonal-variations-of-prescriptions-for-the-major-syndrome-types-and-manifestations-of-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-in-tradition-chinese-medicine
#17
Yuh-Hsiang Yeh, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Nicole Huang, Christy Pu, Pesus Chou
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the seasonal variations of prescriptions for the three most common syndrome types and the three major manifestations of upper respiratory infections (URIs) according to the theories of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. We examined a random sample comprising 1,000,000 beneficiaries from the National Health Insurance program in 2005. Primary diagnoses including International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification Codes 460-465 and 487 were regarded as URIs, for which 160,357 prescriptions of Chinese herbal medicine were analyzed...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912135/attenuating-the-surface-urban-heat-island-within-the-local-thermal-zones-through-land-surface-modification
#18
Jiong Wang, Wanlu Ouyang
Inefficient mitigation of excessive heat is attributed to the discrepancy between the scope of climate research and conventional planning practice. This study approaches this problem at both domains. Generally, the study, on one hand, claims that the climate research of the temperature phenomenon should be at local scale, where implementation of planning and design strategies can be more feasible. On the other hand, the study suggests that the land surface factors should be organized into zones or patches, which conforms to the urban planning and design manner...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911923/morphology-and-hydraulic-architecture-of-vitis-vinifera-l-cv-syrah-and-torront%C3%A3-s-riojano-plants-are-unaffected-by-variations-in-red-to-far-red-ratio
#19
Carina Verónica González, María Florencia Jofré, Hernán F Vila, Markus Stoffel, Rubén Bottini, Carla Valeria Giordano
Plants have evolved an array of specific photoreceptors to acclimate to the light environment. By sensing light signals, photoreceptors modulate plant morphology, carbon- and water-physiology, crop yield and quality of harvestable organs, among other responses. Many cultural practices and crop management decisions alter light quantity and quality perceived by plants cultivated in the field. Under full sunlight, phytochromes perceive high red to far red ratios (R:FR; 1.1), whereas overhead or lateral low R:FR (below 1...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911911/genetic-diversity-and-structure-analysis-of-percocypris-pingi-cypriniformes-cyprinidae-implications-for-conservation-and-hatchery-release-in-the-yalong-river
#20
Xiaoyan Li, Yuanping Deng, Kun Yang, Weixiong Gan, Rukui Zeng, Longjun Deng, Zhaobin Song
Percocypris pingi is a near threatened cyprinid species, which has suffered a dramatic decline due to anthropogenic factors. As one response to this decline, hatchery release for P. pingi has been conducted in the lower reaches of the Yalong River since 2012. To understand the conservation status of this species and the potential impact of the release of hatchery-reared fish, we studied the genetic diversity and population structure of wild and hatchery populations of P. pingi. Two hatchery populations (Jinping [JPH] and Ya'an [YAH]) and two wild populations (Muli [MLW] and Woluo [WLW]) of P...
2016: PloS One
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