keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

small dog

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776403/rostral-cranial-fossa-as-a-site-for-cerebrospinal-fluid-drainage-volumetric-studies-in-dog-breeds-of-different-size-and-morphotype
#1
Wojciech Sokołowski, Norbert Czubaj, Michał Skibniewski, Karolina Barszcz, Marta Kupczyńska, Wojciech Kinda, Zdzisław Kiełbowicz
BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus is a multifactorial condition, whose aetiology is not fully understood. Congenital hydrocephalus frequently occurs in small and brachycephalic dog breeds. Although it is widely accepted that the cribriform plate located in the rostral cranial fossa (RCF) is a site of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage, the RCF has not been studied extensively. Literature reports indicate that a decreased caudal cranial fossa (CCF) volume in the course of the Chiari-like malformation may obstruct CSF circulation...
May 18, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776375/range-wide-genetic-analysis-of-dermacentor-variabilis-and-its-francisella-like-endosymbionts-demonstrates-phylogeographic-concordance-between-both-taxa
#2
Emily L Kaufman, Nathan E Stone, Glen A Scoles, Crystal M Hepp, Joseph D Busch, David M Wagner
BACKGROUND: The American dog tick, Dermacentor variabilis, is an important vector of pathogens to humans, wildlife and domestic animals in North America. Although this tick species is widely distributed in the USA and Canada, knowledge of its range-wide phylogeographic patterns remains incomplete. METHODS: We carried out a phylogenetic analysis of D. variabilis using samples collected from 26 USA states and five Canadian provinces. Tick samples (n = 1053 in total) originated from two main sources: existing archives (2000-2011), and new collections made from 2012 to 2013...
May 18, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772976/effects-of-storage-conditions-and-duration-on-cobalamin-concentration-in-serum-samples-from-cats-and-dogs
#3
Jennifer Kempf, Roger H Melliger, Claudia E Reusch, Peter H Kook
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of storage conditions and duration on cobalamin concentration in serum samples from dogs and cats. DESIGN Experiment. SAMPLE Serum samples from 9 client-owned cats and 9 client-owned dogs. PROCEDURES Serum harvested from freshly obtained blood samples was separated into 11 aliquots/animal. One aliquot (baseline sample) was routinely transported in light-protected tubes to the laboratory for cobalamin assay; each of the remaining aliquots was stored in a refrigerator (6°C; n = 5) or at room temperature (20°C) with exposure to daylight (5) for 24, 48, 72, 96, or 120 hours...
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764851/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumour-an-unusual-presentation-including-small-bowel-obstruction-and-palpable-abdominal-mass
#4
Emily Cerier, Eliza Wright Beal, Mary E Dillhoff
A 41-year-old man with no medical history presented with 2 weeks of nausea, vomiting, a new palpable abdominal mass, constipation and a 14kgweight loss. On admission, CT abdomen and pelvis demonstrated a 6.9×3.7 cm soft-tissue abdominal mass deep to and invading the lower anterior abdominal wall with tethering of the urinary bladder and potential involvement of the urachus. Subsequently, a biopsy demonstrated a low-grade spindle cell neoplasm compatible with inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour with immunostain positive for smooth muscle actin and desmin and negative for CD21, CD117, DOG-1, TKE-1, mdm2, CD34 and ALK...
May 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748826/the-invention-of-microwave-surgical-scissors-for-seamless-coagulation-and-cutting
#5
Tohru Tani, Shigeyuki Naka, Soichiro Tani, Hisanori Shiomi, Koichiro Murakami, Atsushi Yamada, Dang Tran Khiem
PURPOSE: We developed a microwave energy-based scissors device (MWCX) that is capable of performing cutting and coagulation using 2.45 GHz microwave energy. This paper aims to present the concept of the device and assess the basic functions including the hemostasis, cutting, and sealing abilities. METHODS: Seven beagle dogs were used in our experiments. In six dogs, we measured the coagulation time (CT), lateral thermal injury (LTI), bursting pressure (BP). The dogs were then subjected to re-laparotomy 1 week later to allow us to investigate the results...
May 10, 2018: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744628/impact-of-sylvatic-plague-vaccine-on-non-target-small-rodents-in-grassland-ecosystems
#6
Gebbiena M Bron, Katherine L D Richgels, Michael D Samuel, Julia E Poje, Faye Lorenzsonn, Jonathan P Matteson, Jesse T Boulerice, Jorge E Osorio, Tonie E Rocke
Oral vaccination is an emerging management strategy to reduce the prevalence of high impact infectious diseases within wild animal populations. Plague is a flea-borne zoonosis of rodents that often decimates prairie dog (Cynomys spp.) colonies in the western USA. Recently, an oral sylvatic plague vaccine (SPV) was developed to protect prairie dogs from plague and aid recovery of the endangered black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes). Although oral vaccination programs are targeted toward specific species, field distribution of vaccine-laden baits can result in vaccine uptake by non-target animals and unintended indirect effects...
May 9, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736586/large-animal-models-for-osteochondral-regeneration
#7
Isabel R Dias, Carlos A Viegas, Pedro P Carvalho
Namely, in the last two decades, large animal models - small ruminants (sheep and goats), pigs, dogs and horses - have been used to study the physiopathology and to develop new therapeutic procedures to treat human clinical osteoarthritis. For that purpose, cartilage and/or osteochondral defects are generally performed in the stifle joint of selected large animal models at the condylar and trochlear femoral areas where spontaneous regeneration should be excluded. Experimental animal care and protection legislation and guideline documents of the US Food and Drug Administration, the American Society for Testing and Materials and the International Cartilage Repair Society should be followed, and also the specificities of the animal species used for these studies must be taken into account, such as the cartilage thickness of the selected defect localization, the defined cartilage critical size defect and the joint anatomy in view of the post-operative techniques to be performed to evaluate the chondral/osteochondral repair...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734774/the-use-of-tooth-particles-as-a-biomaterial-in-post-extraction-sockets-experimental-study-in-dogs
#8
José Luis Calvo-Guirado, José Eduardo Maté-Sánchez de Val, María Luisa Ramos-Oltra, Carlos Pérez-Albacete Martínez, María Piedad Ramírez-Fernández, Manuel Maiquez-Gosálvez, Sergio A Gehrke, Manuel Fernández-Domínguez, Georgios E Romanos, Rafael Arcesio Delgado-Ruiz
Objectives : The objective of this study was to evaluate new bone formation derived from freshly crushed extracted teeth, grafted immediately in post-extraction sites in an animal model, compared with sites without graft filling, evaluated at 30 and 90 days. Material and Methods : The bilateral premolars P2, P3, P4 and the first mandibular molar were extracted atraumatically from six Beagle dogs. The clean, dry teeth were ground immediately using the Smart Dentin Grinder. The tooth particles obtained were subsequently sieved through a special sorting filter into two compartments; the upper container isolating particles over 1200 μm, the lower container isolated particles over 300 μm...
May 6, 2018: Dentistry journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730448/a-big-data-approach-to-the-concordance-of-the-toxicity-of-pharmaceuticals-in-animals-and-humans
#9
Matthew Clark
Although lack of efficacy is an important cause of late stage attrition in drug development the shortcomings in the translation of toxicities observed during the preclinical development to observations in clinical trials or post-approval is an ongoing topic of research. The concordance between preclinical and clinical safety observations has been analyzed only on relatively small data sets, mostly over short time periods of drug approvals. We therefore explored the feasibility of a big-data analysis on a set of 3290 approved drugs and formulations for which 1,637,449 adverse events were reported for both humans animal species in regulatory submissions over a period of more than 70 years...
May 3, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729720/small-intestinal-lymphatic-hypoplasia-in-three-dogs-with-clinical-signs-of-protein-losing-enteropathy
#10
J M Malatos, N A Kurpios, G E Duhamel
Intestinal lymphatic hypoplasia (ILH) is a rare but well-documented cause of protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) in human infants. To our knowledge, this condition has not been reported previously in veterinary medicine. Here we report the clinical and histopathological findings in three dogs that presented with clinical signs of PLE. The onset of PLE was early in an 18-month-old Great Pyrenees, while the other two dogs, a pug and a Tibetan terrier, had a later onset at 4 and 12 years of age, respectively. The presence of intestinal lymphatic and blood vessels was assessed by immunohistochemistry for human prospero homeobox 1 (prox-1), a lymphatic endothelial nuclear transcription factor and human von Willebrand factor (vWf), a marker of vascular endothelial cells, respectively...
April 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727528/a-prospective-evaluation-of-oral-yunnan-baiyao-therapy-on-thromboleastographic-parameters-in-apparently-healthy-dogs
#11
Colleen Tansey, Melissa L Wiebe, Gabrielle C Hybki, Jeffrey E Patlogar, Lisa A Murphy, Domenico Bianco, Reid K Nakamura
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of Yunnan Baiyao (YB) on hemostatic parameters measured by thromboelastography (TEG) in healthy dogs administered 1 capsule of YB orally twice daily for 1 week. DESIGN: Prospective study of client-owned dogs at a small animal specialty hospital. SETTING: Private referral center. ANIMALS: Eighteen client-owned adult dogs weighing at least 15 kg. INTERVENTIONS: Dogs had a baseline TEG performed and then each dog was administered 1 capsule of YB twice daily by mouth for 1 week and the TEG was reevaluated...
May 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727526/incidence-of-hypochloremic-metabolic-alkalosis-in-dogs-and-cats-with-and-without-nasogastric-tubes-over-a-period-of-up-to-36-hours-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#12
Annie Chih, Elke Rudloff, Cheryl Waldner, Andrew K J Linklater
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis (HCMA) in dogs and cats in the ICU that had intermittent nasogastric tube (NGT) aspiration for up to 36 hours. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study (December 2013 to October 2014). SETTING: Privately owned emergency and referral teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Forty-nine client-owned dogs and 16 client-owned cats. INTERVENTIONS: Patients wherein NGT placement was recommended and client consent was obtained were included in the interventional group...
May 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722132/a-comparison-of-food-habits-and-prey-preferences-of-amur-tiger-panthera-tigris-altaica-temminck-1844-at-the-southwest-primorskii-krai-in-russia-and-hunchun-in-china
#13
Jiayin Gu, Lan Yu, Yan Hua, Yao Ning, Bao Heng, Jinzhe Qi, Zexv Long, Mingyuan Yao, Chong Huang, Zhilin Li, Jianming Lang, Guangshun Jiang, Jianzhang Ma
A small, isolated Amur tiger population is living at the southwest Primorskii Krai in Russia and Hunchun in China region. Many of them with "dual nationality" cross the border frequently. Formulating effective conservation strategies requires a clear understanding of tiger food requirements in both Russia and China sides, while Russia side already have clear results of it. We used scat analysis combined with data on the abundance of four prey species to estimate Amur tiger diet and prey preferences in Hunchun...
May 3, 2018: Integrative Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721435/the-influence-of-the-tonometer-position-on-canine-intraocular-pressure-measurements-using-the-tonovet-%C3%A2-rebound-tonometer
#14
Juliana Kravetz de Oliveira, Fabiano Montiani-Ferreira, David L Williams
The objective of this study was to assess the variability of readings made using the Tonovet® rebound tonometer for measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) in the peripheral cornea and in angulated positions on the canine corneal surface. Forty-six client-owned dogs admitted for ophthalmic evaluation at the Queen's Veterinary School Hospital, University of Cambridge were included in the study. IOP readings were taken at a variety of locations and using the tonometer at a number of different angles to the cornea: 1) Perpendicularly at center of the cornea (CC); 2) At the center of the cornea but with the tonometer positioned at four angles, and 3) At four different points on the peripheral cornea...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720169/atr-101-a-selective-acat1-inhibitor-decreases-acth-stimulated-cortisol-concentrations-in-dogs-with-naturally-occurring-cushing-s-syndrome
#15
Daniel K Langlois, Michele C Fritz, William D Schall, N Bari Olivier, Rebecca C Smedley, Paul G Pearson, Marc B Bailie, Stephen W Hunt
BACKGROUND: Cushing's syndrome in humans shares many similarities with its counterpart in dogs in terms of etiology (pituitary versus adrenal causes), clinical signs, and pathophysiologic sequelae. In both species, treatment of pituitary- and adrenal-dependent disease is met with limitations. ATR-101, a selective inhibitor of ACAT1 (acyl coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase 1), is a novel small molecule therapeutic currently in clinical development for the treatment of adrenocortical carcinoma, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, and Cushing's syndrome in humans...
May 2, 2018: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717772/connexin-43-reduces-susceptibility-to-sympathetic-atrial-fibrillation
#16
Beibei Luo, Yifei Yan, Zhiyu Zeng, Zhengnan Zhang, Haide Liu, Hao Liu, Jinyi Li, Weiqiang Huang, Jiangtao Wu, Yan He
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia reported in clinical practice. Connexin 43 (Cx43) is a member of the connexin protein family, which serves important roles in signal transduction in vivo. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of Cx43 in the induction and maintenance of atrial fibrillation by using an animal model of sympathomimetic atrial fibrillation. Cx43 was successfully knocked down in the myocardium with gene‑specific small interfering (si)RNA via lentiviral infection...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716779/effect-of-maternal-metabolism-on-fetal-supply-glucose-non-esterified-fatty-acids-and-beta-hydroxybutyrate-concentrations-in-canine-maternal-serum-and-fetal-fluids-at-term-pregnancy
#17
Orsolya Balogh, Rupert Bruckmaier, Stefanie Keller, Iris Margaret Reichler
The progressive adaptations in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism during canine pregnancy are reflected in the concentrations of glucose, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB). The levels of these metabolites in the bitch likely affect fetal concentrations and the composition of amniotic and allantoic fluids (AMF and ALF, respectively). We studied 31 canine parturitions (Cesarean sections) and found that glucose, NEFA and BHB concentrations were significantly higher in maternal serum than in AMF or ALF...
April 20, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704943/what-has-changed-in-canine-pyoderma-a-narrative-review
#18
REVIEW
A Loeffler, D H Lloyd
Canine pyoderma is a common presentation in small animal practice and frequently leads to prescription of systemic antimicrobial agents. A good foundation of knowledge on pyoderma was established during the 1970s and 1980s, when treatment of infection provided relatively few challenges. However, the ability to treat canine pyoderma effectively is now limited substantially by the emergence of multidrug-resistant, methicillin-resistant staphylococci (MRS) and, in some countries, by restrictions on antimicrobial prescribing for pets...
May 2018: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702585/anthropogenic-food-subsidy-to-a-commensal-carnivore-the-value-and-supply-of-human-faeces-in-the-diet-of-free-ranging-dogs
#19
James R A Butler, Wendy Y Brown, Johan T du Toit
As the global population of free-ranging domestic dogs grows, there is increasing concern about impacts on human health and wildlife conservation. Effective management of dog populations requires reliable information on their diet, feeding behavior, and social ecology. Free-ranging dogs are reliant on humans, but anthropogenic food subsidies, particularly human faeces (i.e., coprophagy) have not previously been fully quantified. In this study we assess the contributions of different food types to the diet, and their influences on the social behaviour of free-ranging dogs in communal lands of rural Zimbabwe, with a focus on coprophagy...
April 27, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701519/chylous-ascites-associated-with-abdominal-trauma-and-intestinal-resection-anastomosis-in-a-pet-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo
#20
Lucile Chassang, Isabelle Langlois, Pauline Loos, Mila Freire, Elizabeth O'Toole
CASE DESCRIPTION A 10-week-old 0.73-kg (1.6-lb) castrated male domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was referred for exploratory laparotomy because of pneumoperitoneum and possible septic peritonitis after being bitten by the owner's dog. CLINICAL FINDINGS Abdominal exploration revealed a large laceration of the duodenum, tears of the jejunal mesentery, and 2 small tears in the abdominal wall. Chylous abdominal effusion developed 48 hours after surgery. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME Postoperative care included supportive treatment, analgesia, and antimicrobials...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
keyword
keyword
34393
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"