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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097286/-pain-therapy-in-small-pets
#1
Sabine Tacke, Andrea Gollwitzer, Lukas Grammel, Julia Henke
Although many advances in pain therapy have been made in recent years, pain therapy is more difficult in the small domestic animal than in cats and dogs. However, there is the ethical obligation that these animals also receive adequate pain therapy. An analgesic is rarely authorized for use in small pets, with pharmacological investigations often lacking and dosages frequently only determined empirically. The small size of the animals often requires a higher dose per kilogram bodyweight compared to cats and dogs...
January 17, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092618/evaluation-of-portable-blood-glucose-meters-using-canine-and-feline-pooled-blood-samples
#2
A Mori, H Oda, E Onozawa, S Shono, T Takahashi, S Yamashita, H Fujimoto, T Sako
This study evaluated the accuracy and reproducibility of a human portable blood glucose meter (PBGM) for canine and feline whole blood. Reference plasma glucose values (RPGV) were concurrently measured using glucose oxidation methods. Fifteen healthy dogs and 6 healthy cats were used for blood sampling. Blood glucose concentrations and hematocrits were adjusted using pooled blood samples for our targeted values. A positive correlation between the PBGM and RPGV was found for both dogs (y = 0.877, x = -24.38, r = 0...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090645/neonatal-limb-amputation-an-unusual-form-of-postmortem-canine-predation
#3
Kimberley J Omond, Calle Winskog, Allan Cala, Roger W Byard
Cases of postmortem canine predation often involve elderly recluses and their dogs. The face, head, and genitalia are targeted. Two unusual cases of postmortem canine predation of abandoned newborns are described to demonstrate an unusual alternative pattern of mutilation related to the small size of the decedents, marked decomposition, and canine scavenging behavior. Both bodies were abandoned/concealed soon after birth and were subsequently disturbed by dogs. Both were markedly decomposed with absent arms...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080908/antidog-igg-secondary-antibody-successfully-detects-igg-in-a-variety-of-aquatic-mammals
#4
Katherine Roehl, Mark Jankowski, Erik Hofmeister
Serological tests play an important role in the detection of wildlife diseases. However, while there are many commercial assays and reagents available for domestic species, there is a need to develop efficient serological assays for wildlife. In recent years, marine mammals have represented a wildlife group with emerging infectious diseases, such as influenza, brucellosis, and leptospirosis. However, with the exception of disease-agent-specific assays or functional assays, few reports describe the use of antibody detection assays in marine mammals...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080901/cerebellar-and-mesencephalon-neoplasia-in-a-nile-hipoppotamus-hippopotamus-amphibious
#5
Francesca Schiaffino, Samantha J Sander, Marcia E Pereira Bacares, Katie J Barnes, Matti Kiupel, Timothy Walsh, Suzan Murray
A 52-yr-old female Nile hippopotamus ( Hippopotamus amphibious ) was presented for acute onset anorexia, depression, lethargy, instability, and weakness in the pelvic limbs. Clinical signs were rapidly progressive, despite empiric therapy with anti-inflammatory medications, resulting in the death of the animal. Gross necropsy evaluation revealed two tan, firm masses in the cerebellum and mesencephalon and a single mass in the right cranial adrenal gland. All three masses had a similar histologic morphology, and immunohistochemical investigation confirmed the general diagnosis of an adenocarcinoma, but the exact cell of origin remains unclear...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074403/commensal-in-conflict-livestock-depredation-patterns-by-free-ranging-domestic-dogs-in-the-upper-spiti-landscape-himachal-pradesh-india
#6
Chandrima Home, Ranjana Pal, Rishi Kumar Sharma, Kulbhushansingh R Suryawanshi, Yash Veer Bhatnagar, Abi Tamim Vanak
In human-populated landscapes worldwide, domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are the most abundant terrestrial carnivore. Although dogs have been used for the protection of livestock from wild carnivores, they have also been implicated as predators of livestock. We used a combination of methods (field surveys, interview surveys, and data from secondary sources) to examine the patterns and factors driving livestock depredation by free-ranging dogs, as well as economic losses to local communities in a Trans-Himalayan agro-pastoralist landscape in India...
January 10, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072844/exploring-the-possibility-of-cryopreservation-of-feline-and-canine-erythrocytes-by-rapid-freezing-with-penetrating-and-non-penetrating-cryoprotectants
#7
Denys Pogozhykh, Yuliya Pakhomova, Olga Pervushina, Nicola Hofmann, Birgit Glasmacher, Gennadiy Zhegunov
Efficient application of veterinary blood transfusion approaches for small companion animals requires readily available supply of the donor material. This can be achieved by developing of effective biobanking technologies allowing long-term storage of donor blood components via cryopreservation. Transfusion of an erythrocyte concentrate allows the successful correction of various hematological pathologies, severe bleeding, and etc. While in the past there were several approaches to cryopreserve red blood cells of dogs, to our knowledge there is virtually no data on cryopreservation of feline erythrocytes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070608/xuebijing-injection-treatment-inhibits-vasopermeability-and-reduces-fluid-requirements-in-a-canine-burn-model
#8
F-B Tang, Y-L Dai, S Hu, L-Q Ma, J-Y Li, H-P Zhang, W-H Zhang, Y-G Li, H-B Wang, H-Y Lin, Q Hu, L Li
OBJECTIVE: High vasopermeability and excessive inflammation following severe burns may result in tissue edema, organ dysfunction and the loss of circulatory plasma volume, which can influence the doctor to do the prognosis to the patients. The study aims to examine whether Xuebijing injection (XBJ), an extracts of a traditional Chinese medicine used to treat sepsis in clinic, can reduces fluid requirements by inhibiting vasopermeability and tissue edema in a canine model after burn injury...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065889/antimicrobial-resistance-in-staphylococcus-pseudintermedius-and-the-molecular-epidemiology-of-methicillin-resistant-s-pseudintermedius-in-small-animals-in-finland
#9
Thomas Grönthal, Marjut Eklund, Katariina Thomson, Heli Piiparinen, Tarja Sironen, Merja Rantala
OBJECTIVES: To investigate antimicrobial susceptibility in Staphylococcus pseudintermedius and the occurrence of methicillin-resistant S. pseudintermedius (MRSP), to explore the molecular structure of the MRSP population and to analyse risk factors for MRSP. METHODS: Susceptibility data for clinical S. pseudintermedius isolates in 2011-15 were analysed using WHONET. All MRSP isolates in 2010-14 (n = 362) were typed using PFGE. Representative isolates (n = 87) of clusters were analysed using MLST and staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) typing...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063746/canine-idiopathic-chronic-hepatitis
#10
REVIEW
Nick Bexfield
The World Small Animal Veterinary Association's Liver Standardization Group produced standardized criteria for the histologic diagnosis of canine chronic hepatitis (CH). They define CH by the presence of hepatocellular apoptosis or necrosis, a variable mononuclear or mixed inflammatory cell infiltrate, regeneration, and fibrosis. There are variations in histologic appearance between breeds. Hepatic copper accumulation is an important cause of canine CH. However, where copper accumulation has been ruled out, dogs are said to have idiopathic CH...
January 4, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057910/arthroscopic-detection-of-medial-meniscal-injury-in-small-breed-dogs-with-the-use-of-a-joint-distractor
#11
Joo-Ho Kim, Su-Young Heo, Hae-Beom Lee
The goal of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of a joint distractor in arthroscopy in small-breed dogs. Sixty stifle joints, which were collected from thirty cadavers, were used in this study. To simulate different injuries, no medial meniscal tear, a full-thickness vertical longitudinal tear, a partial-thickness vertical longitudinal tear, full- and partial-thickness vertical longitudinal tears, or a peripheral detachment were made on the caudal horn of the medial meniscus of each stifle joint along with cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) rupture...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057898/a-retrospective-study-of-degenerative-mitral-valve-disease-in-small-breed-dogs-survival-and-prognostic-variables
#12
Hyun-Tae Kim, Sei-Myoung Han, Woo-Jin Song, Boeun Kim, Mincheol Choi, Junghee Yoon, Hwa-Young Youn
Small-breed (n= 168 dogs; weight < 15 kg) diagnosed with MMVD based on a routine clinical examination, radiology, an electrocardiogram, and echocardiography at the Seoul National University Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital were included. The survival periods were ascertained and a significant difference was observed in the survival rates between the International Small Animal Cardiac Health Council classes. The mean follow-up period was 14.3 ± 12.1 months. Univariate analysis revealed that dyspnea, pulmonary edema, and vertebral heart score were significantly associated with the survival times (P < 0...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052420/a-novel-approach-to-brachycephalic-syndrome-3-isolated-laser-assisted-turbinectomy-of-caudal-aberrant-turbinates-cat-late
#13
Riccarda Schuenemann, Sabine Pohl, Gerhard U Oechtering
OBJECTIVE: To describe isolated laser-assisted turbinectomy of caudal aberrant turbinates (CAT LATE) as a new minimally invasive surgical procedure for the treatment of brachycephalic dogs with obstructing caudal aberrant turbinates (CAT). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Brachycephalic dogs (24 Pugs, 1 English Bulldog) with CAT but adequate air spaces between the lamellae of the nonobstructing ventral nasal concha. METHODS: A rhinoscopically guided diode laser fiber introduced from anterior was used to dissect CAT within the nasopharyngeal meatus, while leaving the intranasal turbinates intact...
January 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048977/phlebotomine-sandflies-diptera-phlebotomidae-of-lanzarote-island-canary-islands-spain-ecological-survey-and-evaluation-of-the-risk-of-leishmania-transmission
#14
Francisco Morillas-Márquez, Victoriano Díaz-Sáez, María Jesús Morillas-Mancilla, Victoriano Corpas-López, Gemma Merino-Espinosa, Patricia Gijón-Robles, Joaquina Martín-Sánchez
Phlebotomine sandflies are natural vectors of Leishmania spp. and their expansion throughout has been evidenced in the last few years due to the global warming and changes in human behavior, worsening leishmaniasis problem. However, phlebotomine sandflies have been captured in small numbers on the Canary Islands, particularly on the island of Lanzarote, where only one limited survey was carried out almost thirty years ago. The proximity of this island to Morocco, in addition to the high number of tourists, sometimes accompanied by their dogs, from leishmaniasis endemic regions, highlights the importance of studying the sandfly fauna on this island in order to determine the transmission risk of leishmaniasis Thirty-eight sampling sites spread across the island were studied, and ecological features were gathered to identify the ecological traits associated to the presence of sandflies...
December 31, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042154/analysis-of-canine-urolith-submissions-to-the-canadian-veterinary-urolith-centre-1998-2014
#15
Doreen M Houston, Heather E Weese, Nick P Vanstone, Andrew E P Moore, J Scott Weese
Understanding urolith trends and risk factors is important for understanding urolithiasis, which is a common problem in dogs. This study evaluated 75 674 canine cystolith submissions to the Canadian Veterinary Urolith Centre between 1998 and 2014. Struvite and calcium oxalate uroliths comprised 80.8% of all uroliths, with calcium oxalate outnumbering struvite. There were significant increases in the proportions of calcium oxalate, mixed and cystine uroliths, and significant decreases in struvite, urate, silica, and calcium phosphate carbonate over the study period...
January 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040750/a-minimally-invasive-approach-for-open-surgical-thoracoabdominal-aortic-replacement-experimental-concept-for-a-novel-surgical-procedure
#16
Terézia B Andrási, Violetta Kékesi, Béla Merkely, Marius Grossmann, Bernhard C Danner, Friedrich A Schöndube
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to develop a simple, reliable, and timesaving technique for the therapy of thoracoabdominal aortic (TAA) aneurysms that are not suitable for endovascular repair. METHODS: In this pilot study, we sought to combine the advantages of classic open vascular procedure with the use of endoscopic surgical tools and small skin incisions to develop a minimally invasive approach for TAA replacement. The following procedures were used: endoscopic exposure and closure of the lower intercostal arteries; small posterolateral thoracotomy and left retroperitoneal incisions to expose the anastomotic regions of the aorta; partial anticoagulation; passive bypass and sequential aortic clamping; tunnelling of the graft through the native aortic lumen (endoaneurysmorrhaphy) and open performance of vascular anastomosis...
December 31, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035972/current-understanding-of-acute-bovine-liver-disease-in-australia
#17
REVIEW
Elizabeth Read, Jacqueline Edwards, Myrna Deseo, Grant Rawlin, Simone Rochfort
Acute bovine liver disease (ABLD) is a hepatotoxicity principally of cattle which occurs in southern regions of Australia. Severely affected animals undergo rapid clinical progression with mortalities often occurring prior to the recognition of clinical signs. Less severely affected animals develop photosensitization and a proportion can develop liver failure. The characteristic histopathological lesion in acute fatal cases is severe, with acute necrosis of periportal hepatocytes with hemorrhage into the necrotic areas...
December 26, 2016: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034455/proliferative-enteropathy-caused-by-lawsonia-intracellularis-in-chickens
#18
T Ohta, K Kimura, K Katsuda, H Kobayashi, O Mikami, M Haritani, T Onodera
Proliferative enteropathy (PE) is an infectious disease caused by Lawsonia intracellularis (Li), an obligate intracellular bacterium. PE is endemic in swine herds and has been reported in a variety of mammals including horses, hamsters, rabbits, rats, guinea pigs, ferrets, foxes, dogs, sheep, deer and non-human primates. Avian cases are reported only in ratite birds, including emus and ostriches. Some studies show an absence of Lawsonia spp. infection in chickens. In this study, we performed morphological and bacteriological examinations on the intestines of two broiler chickens that had been condemned at a poultry slaughter plant in Japan due to intestinal haemorrhage, which was a result of focal coccidial enteritis...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032096/serological-and-molecular-detection-of-dirofilaria-species-in-stray-dogs-and-investigation-of-wolbachia-dna-by-pcr-in-turkey
#19
Sami Simsek, Ayse Turkan Ciftci
BACKGROUND: Dirofilaria immitis and Dirofilaria repens are the most common species of filarial nematodes described in the dogs. A single-step multiplex PCR was applied to detect and differentiate simultaneously and unequivocally D. immitis and D. repens on DNA extracted from canine peripheral blood and besides to detect the seroprevalance of D. immitis by ELISA in Elazig Province, Turkey. A PCR detection of the Wolbachia, which plays an important role in D. immitis biology and contributes to the inflammatory pathology of the heartworm, was also applied for the first time in Turkey...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030336/genetic-diversity-among-babesia-rossi-detected-in-naturally-infected-dogs-in-abeokuta-nigeria-based-on-18s-rrna-gene-sequences
#20
Michael I Takeet, Adeoye J Oyewusi, Simon A V Abakpa, Olukayode O Daramola, Sunday O Peters
Adequate knowledge of the genetic diversity among Babesia species infecting dogs is necessary for a better understanding of the epidemiology and control of canine babesiosis. Hence, this study determined the genetic diversity among the Babesia rossi detected in dogs presented for routine examination in Veterinary Hospitals in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Blood were randomly collected from 209 dogs. Field-stained thin smears were made and DNA extracted from the blood. Partial region of the 18S small subunit ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene was amplified, sequenced and analysed...
March 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
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