keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

small dog

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934260/characterization-of-the-nasal-and-oral-microbiota-of-detection-dogs
#1
Anitha Isaiah, Aline Rodrigues Hoffmann, Russ Kelley, Paul Mundell, Jörg M Steiner, Jan S Suchodolski
Little is known about physiological factors that affect the sense of olfaction in dogs. The objectives of this study were to describe the canine nasal and oral microbiota in detection dogs. We sought to determine the bacterial composition of the nasal and oral microbiota of a diverse population of detection canines. Nasal and oral swabs were collected from healthy dogs (n = 81) from four locations-Alabama, Georgia, California, and Texas. Nasal and oral swabs were also collected from a second cohort of detection canines belonging to three different detection job categories: explosive detection dogs (SP-E; n = 22), patrol and narcotics detection dogs (P-NDD; n = 15), and vapor wake dogs (VWD-E; n = 9)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934242/twelve-years-of-chiari-like-malformation-and-syringomyelia-scanning-in-cavalier-king-charles-spaniels-in-the-netherlands-towards-a-more-precise-phenotype
#2
Katrien Wijnrocx, Leonie W L Van Bruggen, Wieteke Eggelmeijer, Erik Noorman, Arnold Jacques, Nadine Buys, Steven Janssens, Paul J J Mandigers
Chiari-like malformation (CM), syringomyelia (SM) and middle ear effusion (also called PSOM) are three conditions that frequently occur in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (CKCS). Both CM and SM are currently screened in the Netherlands prior to breeding and are graded according to the British Veterinary Association's Kennel Club (BVA/KC) scheme. This study evaluated the prevalence and estimated genetic parameter of CM, SM and middle ear effusion from 12 years of screening results. For SM, the classical method using the BVA/KC scheme, was compared with exact measuring of the central canal dilation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933511/-renal-pleomorphic-sarcoma-in-four-guinea-pigs-cavia-porcellus
#3
Julia Hankel, Marion Hewicker-Trautwein, Martina Warschau, Anna Milena Thöle, Michael Fehr
OBJECTIVE: Renal tumours apparently are rare not only in cats and dogs, but also in guinea pigs and can be difficult to diagnose. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical, pathological and immunohistochemical findings in guinea pigs with renal tumours. Furthermore, the symptoms, diagnostic possibilities and therapy are compared with renal tumours in other small animals, including cats and dogs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During a period of 4 years and 4 months the data of guinea pigs that had been presented in the clinic were retrospectively analysed...
September 20, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932257/a-novel-method-for-multiple-bowel-injuries-a-pilot-canine-experiment
#4
Jun Ke, Weihang Wu, Nan Lin, Weijin Yang, Zhicong Cai, Wei Wu, Dongsheng Chen, Yu Wang
BACKGROUND: Intestinal ligation is the cornerstone for damage control in abdominal emergency, yet it may lead to bowel ischemia. Although intestinal ligation avoids further peritoneal cavity pollution, it may lead to an increased pressure within the bowel segments and rapid bacterial translocation. In this study, we showed that severed intestine could be readily reconnected by using silicon tubes and be secured by using rubber bands in a canine model. METHODS: Adult Beagle dogs, subject to multiple intestinal transections and hemorrhagic shock by exsanguination, randomly received conventional ligation vs...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929581/gain-of-function-mutation-in-ptpn11-in-histiocytic-sarcomas-of-bernese-mountain-dogs
#5
T Thaiwong, S Sirivisoot, M Takada, V Yuzbasiyan-Gurkan, M Kiupel
Histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is an aggressive malignant neoplasm of dendritic cell origin that is common in certain breeds of dogs. High prevalence of fatal, disseminated HS has been described in Bernese Mountain Dogs (BMDs). Support for genetic predisposition to develop HS has been presented in several studies, but to date, causative genetic events have not been reported. In addition, no driver mutations have been identified in tumours. Recently, E76K gain-of-function mutation in SHP2 encoded by the PTPN11 gene has been described in human histiocytic malignancies...
September 20, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929101/current-trends-in-volume-replacement-therapy-and-the-use-of-synthetic-colloids-in-small-animals-an-internet-based-survey-2016
#6
Ivayla D Yozova, Judith Howard, Nadja E Sigrist, Katja-Nicole Adamik
The use of synthetic colloids (SCs), particularly hydroxyethyl starch (HES), in people has changed in recent years following new evidence raising concerns about their efficacy and safety. Although fluid therapy guidelines for small animals are often extrapolated from human medicine, little information exists on current practice in veterinary medicine. The objective of the present study was to investigate current fluid selection, use of plasma volume expanders including SCs, and recent changes in their use in small animal practice...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926781/a-leukomyeloencephalopathy-of-unknown-origin-in-an-azawakh-dog
#7
Maria Teresa Mandara, Alice Reginato, Federica Balducci, Marco Bernardini
A diffuse bilaterally symmetrical leukomyeloencephalopathy was observed in a 6-year-old male Azawakh dog showing a slowly progressive ataxia of six months duration associated with sensory disorders. Severe bilaterally symmetrical demyelination and vacuolisation were confined to the dorsal columns along the entire spinal cord with a minor axonal degeneration. The main changes of myelin sheaths consisted in splitting and intramyelin vacuolization. Naked axons were scattered in a network of astrocytic processes and collagen fibres...
September 5, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911842/genetic-correlations-of-hip-dysplasia-scores-for-golden-retrievers-and-labrador-retrievers-in-france-sweden-and-the-uk
#8
S Wang, G Leroy, S Malm, T Lewis, Å Viklund, E Strandberg, W F Fikse
In order to reduce the prevalence of inherited diseases in pedigree dogs, the feasibility of implementation of an international breeding program was investigated. One prerequisite is a strong genetic correlation between countries and our objective was to estimate this correlation for canine hip dysplasia (HD) across three countries to evaluate the feasibility of an international genetic evaluation. Data were provided by the Société Centrale Canine (SCC, France), Svenska Kennelklubben (SKK, Sweden) and The Kennel Club (KC, UK) on Golden retriever and Labrador retriever dogs...
August 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911837/quantifying-center-of-pressure-variability-in-chondrodystrophoid-dogs
#9
S R Blau, L M Davis, A M Gorney, C S Dohse, K D Williams, J-H Lim, W G Pfitzner, E Laber, G S Sawicki, N J Olby
The center of pressure (COP) position reflects a combination of proprioceptive, motor and mechanical function. As such, it can be used to quantify and characterize neurologic dysfunction. The aim of this study was to describe and quantify the movement of COP and its variability in healthy chondrodystrophoid dogs while walking to provide a baseline for comparison to dogs with spinal cord injury due to acute intervertebral disc herniations. Fifteen healthy adult chondrodystrophoid dogs were walked on an instrumented treadmill that recorded the location of each dog's COP as it walked...
August 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910326/sex-differences-in-the-herding-styles-of-working-sheepdogs-and-their-handlers
#10
Erin Kydd, Paul McGreevy
Working sheepdog trials test the attributes of dogs as well as the dogmanship and stockmanship skills of handlers. They generally include standard elements such as outrun, lift, fetch, drive, shed, pen and single to test all facets of the work that dogs perform on a farm. While both male and female handlers participate, these trials are traditionally dominated by male handlers. Both male and female dogs compete on equal terms within the same events. Drawing data from files (n = 60) downloaded from YouTube, the current study explores whether behaviours of dogs and their handlers during sheepdog trials differ between handler gender and dog sex at different levels of competition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902924/molecular-analysis-of-cib4-gene-and-protein-in-kermani-sheep
#11
M R Mohammadabadi, A H D Jafari, F Bordbar
The human calcium- and integrin-binding protein (CIB) family is composed of CIB1, CIB2, CIB3, and CIB4 proteins and the CIB4 gene affects fertility. Kermani sheep is one of the most important breeds of Iranian sheep breeds. The aim of this study was to analyze for the first time molecular characteristics of the CIB4 gene and protein in Kermani sheep. Different tissues were collected from the Kermani sheep and real time PCR was performed. The PCR products were sequenced, comparative analyses of the nucleotide sequences were performed, a phylogenetic tree was constructed, and different characteristics of CIB4 proteins were predicted...
September 12, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892202/syringomyelia-and-craniocervical-junction-abnormalities-in-chihuahuas
#12
A-M Kiviranta, C Rusbridge, O Laitinen-Vapaavuori, A Hielm-Björkman, A K Lappalainen, S P Knowler, T S Jokinen
BACKGROUND: Chiari-like malformation (CM) and syringomyelia (SM) are widely reported in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels and Griffon Bruxellois dogs. Increasing evidence indicates that CM and SM also occur in other small and toy breed dogs, such as Chihuahuas. OBJECTIVES: To describe the presence of SM and craniocervical junction (CCJ) abnormalities in Chihuahuas and to evaluate the possible association of CCJ abnormalities with SM. To describe CM/SM-related clinical signs and neurologic deficits and to investigate the association of CM/SM-related clinical signs with signalment, SM, or CCJ abnormalities...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888624/changes-in-the-population-structure-of-canine-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-pseudintermedius-in-poland
#13
Magdalena Kizerwetter-Świda, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel, Magdalena Rzewuska, Marian Binek
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) is being reported with an increasing frequency in small animal veterinary practice. The molecular typing of MRSP isolates revealed that the dominating European multidrug-resistant lineage is the sequence type 71 (ST71), associated with staphylococcal chromosomal cassette SCCmec type II-III. However, the recent reports indicated the emergence of other clones. The study aimed to determine the genetic properties of MRSP isolates obtained from dogs in Poland over a ten-year period...
September 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887041/partial-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection-in-a-dog
#14
Chloe L Thorn, Naomi R Ford, Meg M Sleeper
A 2-year-old male intact Belgian Malinois was presented for exercise intolerance. A grade III/VI left basilar systolic murmur was detected. Echocardiography revealed moderate right atrial and ventricular dilation and increased pulmonic outflow velocity. Thoracic radiographs showed right heart enlargement and a dilated caudal vena cava. In addition, on the left lateral projection, an enlarged aberrant right cranial pulmonary lobar vein was suspected to be diverging ventrally from the course of the right cranial lobar bronchus and inserting more ventrally than normal in the region of the right atrium...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873413/growth-standard-charts-for-monitoring-bodyweight-in-dogs-of-different-sizes
#15
Carina Salt, Penelope J Morris, Alexander J German, Derek Wilson, Elizabeth M Lund, Tim J Cole, Richard F Butterwick
Limited information is available on what constitutes optimal growth in dogs. The primary aim of this study was to develop evidence-based growth standards for dogs, using retrospective analysis of bodyweight and age data from >6 million young dogs attending a large corporate network of primary care veterinary hospitals across the USA. Electronic medical records were used to generate bodyweight data from immature client-owned dogs, that were healthy and had remained in ideal body condition throughout the first 3 years of life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868302/electrolyte-disturbances-are-associated-with-non-survival-in-dogs-a-multivariable-analysis
#16
Robert Goggs, Sage De Rosa, Daniel J Fletcher
Electrolyte disorders have been individually associated with mortality in small populations of dogs and cats with specific conditions, but the associations and interactions between electrolyte disturbances and outcome have not been evaluated in a large, heterogeneous population. It was hypothesized that abnormalities of sodium, chloride, potassium, and calcium concentrations would be independently and proportionately associated with death from natural causes and with all-cause mortality in dogs. An electronic database containing 33,117 electrolyte profiles was constructed to retrospectively assess the association between disorders of sodium, potassium, corrected chloride, and ionized calcium concentrations with non-survival and with death excluding euthanasia by multivariable modeling...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864509/small-animal-disease-surveillance-gi-disease-and-salmonellosis
#17
Elena Arsevska, David Singleton, Fernando Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Nicola Williams, Philip H Jones, Steven Smyth, Bethaney Heayns, Maya Wardeh, Alan D Radford, Susan Dawson, Peter J M Noble, Robert H Davies
Presentation for gastrointestinal (GI) disease comprised 2.2 per cent of cat, 3.2 per cent of dog and 2.2 per cent of rabbit consultations between April 1, 2016 and March 31, 2017Diarrhoea and vomiting without blood were the most frequently reported GI disease clinical signs (34.4 and 38.9 per cent in cats and 42.8 and 37.3 per cent in dogs, respectively)The mean percentage of samples testing positive for Salmonella in dogs was double that in cats (0.82 per cent and 0.41 per cent, respectively) from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2016In dogs, autumn was associated with a greater proportion of Salmonella-positive sample submissions; no clear suggestion of seasonal variation in cats was observedIn both cats and dogs, isolates belonging to Salmonella enterica group B serotypes were the most common (68...
September 2, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861677/seroepidemiological-survey-on-leptospira-spp-infection-in-wild-and-domestic-mammals-in-two-distinct-areas-of-the-semi-arid-region-of-northeastern-brazil
#18
Laís Ferrari Dos Santos, Maíra Freitas Guimarães, Gisele Oliveira de Souza, Ivo Wesley Gomes da Silva, Josenilton Rodrigues Santos, Sérgio Santos Azevedo, Marcelo Bahia Labruna, Marcos Bryan Heinemann, Mauricio Claudio Horta
Leptospirosis is a bacterial zoonotic disease that causes severe reproductive problems in livestock and generates economic losses for farmers. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of anti-Leptospira antibodies in small mammals, both wild and domestic, in two distinct areas of the semi-arid region of northeastern Brazil: the National Park of Serra das Confusões (NPSC), state of Piauí, a preserved area; and rural areas in the municipalities of Petrolina and Lagoa Grande, state of Pernambuco, non-preserved areas...
August 31, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857544/identification-of-5-1-methyl-5-trifluoromethyl-1h-pyrazol-3-yl-thiophene-2-carboxamides-as-novel-and-selective-monoamine-oxidase-b-inhibitors-used-to-improve-memory-and-cognition
#19
Alan P Kaplan, Terence Keenan, Roderick Scott, Xianbo Zhou, Rusiko Bourchouladze, Andrew J McRiner, Mark E Wilson, Darlene Romashko, Regina Miller, Matthew Bletsch, Gary Anderson, Jennifer Stanley, Adia Zhang, Dong Lee, John Nikpur
Initial work in Drosophila and mice demonstrated that the transcription factor cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) response element binding protein (CREB) is a master control gene for memory formation. The relationship between CREB and memory has also been found to be true in other species, including aplysia and rats. It is thus well-established that CREB activation plays a central role in memory enhancement and that CREB is activated during memory formation. On the basis of these findings, a phenotypic high-throughput screening campaign utilizing a CRE-luciferase (CRE-Luci) SK-N-MC cell line was performed to identify compounds that enhance transcriptional activation of the CRE promoter with a suboptimal dose of forskolin...
September 20, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854915/critically-appraised-topic-on-adverse-food-reactions-of-companion-animals-4-can-we-diagnose-adverse-food-reactions-in-dogs-and-cats-with-in-vivo-or-in-vitro-tests
#20
Ralf S Mueller, Thierry Olivry
BACKGROUND: The gold standard to diagnose adverse food reactions (AFRs) in the dog and cat is currently an elimination diet with subsequent provocation trials. However, those trials are inconvenient and client compliance can be low. Our objective was to systematically review the literature to evaluate in vivo and in vitro tests used to diagnose AFR in small animals. RESULTS: We searched three databases (CAB Abstracts, MEDLINE and Web of Science) for pertinent references on September 16, 2016...
August 30, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
keyword
keyword
34393
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"