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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636059/clinical-outcome-and-complications-of-thoracic-and-pelvic-limb-stump-and-socket-prostheses
#1
Andrew Phillips, Elvin Kulendra, Edith Bishop, Michelle Monk, Kevin Parsons, Arthur House
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use, quality of life, compliance, complications, and outcome of animals fitted with stump socket prostheses. METHODS: Medical records of dogs fitted with a stump socket prosthesis were reviewed. Functional outcome, quality of life and complications were retrospectively assessed from an owner questionnaire. RESULTS: Thirteen stump socket prostheses (12 dogs) were fitted for a variety of reasons including trauma, congenital abnormalities, and neoplasia...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636058/percutaneous-tibial-physeal-fracture-repair-in-small-animals-technique-and-17-cases
#2
Dirsko J F von Pfeil, Mathieu Glassman, Meaghan Ropski
OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively describe cases treated via percutaneous tibial physeal fracture repair (PTPFR), using intra-operative fluoroscopy (IFL) or digital radiography (DR). To describe a technique ("spiking"), used to treat tibial tuberosity avulsion fractures. METHODS: Clinical data of 14 dogs and three cats were included. The "spiking" technique was described. RESULTS: Intra-operative fluoroscopy (n = 11) and DR (n = 6) were successfully used in 11 tibial tuberosity avulsion fractures, one combined proximal physeal and tibial tuberosity avulsion fracture, and five distal tibial/fibular physeal fractures...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633666/molecular-detection-of-vector-borne-pathogens-in-dogs-and-cats-from-qatar
#3
Ana Margarida Alho, Clara Lima, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Vito Colella, Silvia Ravagnan, Gioia Capelli, Luís Madeira de Carvalho, Luís Cardoso, Domenico Otranto
BACKGROUND: Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) have been increasingly reported in dogs and cats worldwide. However, no data are currently available regarding canine and feline VBDs in Qatar and limited information is available from other Persian Gulf countries. METHODS: Blood samples from 98 client-owned animals (i.e. 64 dogs and 34 cats) living in Doha (Qatar) were collected and the presence of genomic DNA of Anaplasma spp., Babesia spp., Dirofilaria spp., Ehrlichia spp...
June 20, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633623/numerical-congruency-effect-in-the-sentence-picture-verification-task
#4
Mia Šetić, Dražen Domijan
In two experiments, we showed that irrelevant numerical information influenced the speed of sentence-picture verification. Participants were asked to verify whether the concept mentioned in a sentence matched the object presented in a subsequent picture. Concurrently, the number word attached to the concept in the sentence and the quantity of objects presented in the picture were manipulated (numerical congruency). The number of objects varied from one to four. In Experiment 1, participants read statements such as three dogs...
May 2017: Experimental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629123/sensory-characteristics-and-volatile-components-of-dry-dog-foods-manufactured-with-sorghum-fractions
#5
Brizio Di Donfrancesco, Kadri Koppel
Descriptive sensory analysis and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) with a modified headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME) method was performed on three extruded dry dog food diets manufactured with different fractions of red sorghum and a control diet containing corn, brewer's rice, and wheat as a grain source in order to determine the effect of sorghum fractions on dry dog food sensory properties. The aroma compounds and flavor profiles of samples were similar with small differences, such as higher toasted aroma notes, and musty and dusty flavor in the mill-feed sample...
June 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621589/effect-of-hospitalization-on-gastrointestinal-motility-and-ph-in-dogs
#6
Kanawee Warrit, Pedro Boscan, Leah E Ferguson, Allison M Bradley, Kristy L Dowers, David C Twedt
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of hospitalization on gastrointestinal motility and pH in healthy dogs. DESIGN Experimental study. ANIMALS 12 healthy adult dogs. PROCEDURES A wireless motility capsule (WMC) that measured pressure, transit time, and pH within the gastrointestinal tract was administered orally to dogs in 2 phases. In the first phase, dogs received the WMC at the hospital and then returned to their home to follow their daily routine. In the second phase, dogs were hospitalized, housed individually, had abdominal radiography performed daily, and were leash exercised 4 to 6 times/d until the WMC passed in the feces...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616388/unusual-haemodynamics-in-two-dogs-and-two-cats-with-portosystemic-shunt-implications-for-distinguishing-between-congenital-and-acquired-conditions
#7
Mario Ricciardi
Extrahepatic porto-systemic shunt (PSS) in small animals can be congenital (CPSS) or acquired (APSS) as a consequence of portal hypertension (PH), and are distinguished on the bases of their anatomical pattern. A precise morphologic imaging assessment, along with clinical and histopathologic findings, is important for distinguishing patients with PH from those with congenital PSSs, which require different therapeutic approach. Expected findings in patients with PH are presence of ascites, multiple APSS, and a confirmed cause of portal flow obstruction...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615859/molecular-identification-of-babesia-spp-in-naturally-infected-dogs-of-kerala-south-india
#8
Sneha Augustine, Lucy Sabu, Bindu Lakshmanan
Canine babesiosis is a tick borne haemoprotozoan disease caused by large and small intraerythrocytic apicomplexan piroplasms of the genus Babesia spp. The clinical manifestations of the disease vary from inapparent subclinical form to hyperacute shock related haemolytic crisis. Microscopic examination of blood smears from suspected dogs revealed Babesia canis and B. gibsoni in 3.45 and 25.86 % of samples respectively. A seminested PCR based on previously published species specific primers targeting the 18S rRNA gene was utilized to identify the Babesia species infecting dogs of Kerala at the sub species level...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615055/small-sized-newborn-dogs-skeletal-development-radiologic-morphometric-and-histological-findings-obtained-from-spontaneously-dead-animals
#9
S C Modina, M C Veronesi, M Moioli, T Meloni, G Lodi, V Bronzo, M Di Giancamillo
BACKGROUND: Very little is known about neonatal skeletal development in small-sized purebred dogs. In order to improve this knowledge, 27 spontaneously dead puppies belonging to small-sized breeds were enrolled in this study for radiologic, histological and morphometric investigations. RESULTS: The appearance of the limb secondary ossification centers and the onset of their formation were clearly observed by x rays and confirmed by histological evidences. Radiographic and anatomic measurements of limb bones length and skull length and width were positively correlated with body weight and age of the subjects and the body weight was positively correlated with radius bone mineral density, as demonstrated by dual-energy x-rays absorptiometry...
June 14, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608635/cardiac-and-metabolic-variables-in-obese-dogs
#10
M Tropf, O L Nelson, P M Lee, H Y Weng
BACKGROUND: The etiology of obesity-related cardiac dysfunction (ORCD) is linked to metabolic syndrome in people. Studies have indicated that obese dogs have components of metabolic syndrome, warranting evaluation for ORCD in obese dogs. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cardiac structure and function and metabolic variables in obese dogs compared to ideal weight dogs. ANIMALS: Forty-six healthy, small-breed (<25 pounds), obese dogs (n = 29) compared to ideal weight dogs (n = 17)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599889/effects-of-thiopentone-propofol-and-alfaxalone-on-laryngeal-motion-during-oral-laryngoscopy-in-healthy-dogs
#11
Tesh M Smalle, Marthinus J Hartman, Lynette Bester, Roxanne K Buck, Geoffrey T Fosgate, Gareth E Zeiler
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of thiopentone, propofol and alfaxalone on arytenoid cartilage motion and establish the dose rates to achieve a consistent oral laryngoscopy examination. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised crossover study. ANIMALS: Six healthy adult Beagle dogs. METHODS: Each dog was randomly administered three induction agents with a 1-week washout period between treatments. Thiopentone (7.5 mg kg(-1)), propofol (3 mg kg(-1)) or alfaxalone (1...
March 3, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598511/evaluating-atlantic-bottlenose-dolphin-tursiops-truncatus-leukocyte-differential-counts-comparing-the-cellavision-dm96-and-the-manual-method
#12
Julia Zaias, Christine Bradley, Jill Richardson, Holli C Eskelinen, Frances Ikpatt, Carolyn Cray
BACKGROUND: The leukocyte differential count is an excellent diagnostic tool; however, the manual differential count has several drawbacks, especially for nontraditional species. Automated cell analyzers commonly used in veterinary practices require species-specific validation for use in nondomestic species other than dogs and cats. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the potential of the CellaVision DM96 (DM96), an automated image analysis system, as a rapid and accurate method for providing a WBC differential count in comparison to the manual WBC differential count in bottlenose dolphins...
June 9, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596056/development-and-initial-validation-of-a-sensory-threshold-examination-protocol-step-for-phenotyping-canine-pain-syndromes
#13
Sandra Sanchis-Mora, Yu-Mei Chang, Siobhan Abeyesinghe, Amy Fisher, Holger A Volk, Ludovic Pelligand
OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility and test-retest repeatability of a sensory threshold examination protocol (STEP) and report the quantitative sensory threshold distributions in healthy dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, observational, cohort study. ANIMALS: Twenty-five healthy client-owned dogs. METHODS: Tactile sensitivity test (TST) (von Frey filaments), mechanical thresholds (MT with 2, 4 and 8 mm probes), heat thresholds (HT) and responsiveness to cold stimulus (CT at 0 °C) were quantitatively assessed for five body areas (BAs; tibias, humeri, neck, thoracolumbar region and abdomen) in a randomized order on three different occasions...
February 24, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593341/activation-of-remote-monitoring-for-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices-small-dog-for-tall-weeds
#14
Giuseppe D'Ancona, Erdal Safak, Jochen Senges, Matthias Hochadel, Van Luyen Nguyen, Christian Perings, Werner Jung, Stefan Spitzer, Lars Eckardt, Johannes Brachmann, Karlheinz Seidl, Hans Ulrich Hink, Hüseyin Ince, Jasmin Ortak
BACKGROUND: Remote monitoring (RM) of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) has been popularized as a precious patients' management tool. We have investigated RM within the premises of a multicenter, prospective, real-world registry, i.e., the German Device II. METHODS: We have focused on: (1) CIEDs with RM capabilities implantation rate and (2) actual rate of RM features activation. RESULTS: A cohort of 1223 CIEDs patients were treated from 04/11 to 02/14...
June 7, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588326/canine-laparoscopic-ovariectomy-using-two-3-and-5-mm-portal-sites-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Juan-Ramón Granados, Jesús Usón-Casaus, José-Manuel Martínez, Francisco Sánchez-Margallo, Eva Pérez-Merino
Laparoscopic ovariectomy (LapOve) was performed in 3 groups (2.7-mm/5-mm, 5-mm/3-mm, and 5-mm telescope/5-mm bipolar forceps) of small dogs (n = 60). Surgical times, bleeding rates, complications, and laparoscopic visualization were recorded and compared among groups. Use of the 3-mm bipolar forceps significantly increased the surgical time and showed higher bleeding rates compared with the 5-mm bipolar forceps. The 2.7-mm telescope significantly decreased the laparoscopic view. No complications were seen in any group...
June 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587535/a-fatal-case-of-hypothermia-caused-by-dog-bites
#16
Yanning Li, Ruipeng Shen, Runtao Ding, Gehua Wen, Ao Du, Zhibin Dong, Xinghua Ren, Hui Yao, Baoli Zhu, Rubo Li, Yan Lu, Xu Wu
Death from hypothermia usually *We presented a fatal case of hypothermia after being bitten by dog in this article. occurs among people exposed to cold and humid environmental conditions when they are homeless, aged, suffering from natural or psychiatric diseases and drug or alcohol intoxication. A normal healthy person dying from hypothermia due to dog bites is unusual and rare. Here, we present a fatal case of hypothermia following dog bites causing blood loss and multiple wounds on the body. A 56-year-old man was found dead in a remote roadside puddle of a small village, early in the morning...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587165/dynamic-in-vivo-profiling-of-dna-damage-and-repair-after-radiotherapy-using-canine-patients-as-a-model
#17
Nadine Schulz, Hassan Chaachouay, Katarzyna J Nytko, Mathias S Weyland, Malgorzata Roos, Rudolf M Füchslin, Franco Guscetti, Stephan Scheidegger, Carla Rohrer Bley
Time resolved data of DNA damage and repair after radiotherapy elucidates the relation between damage, repair, and cell survival. While well characterized in vitro, little is known about the time-course of DNA damage response in tumors sampled from individual patients. Kinetics of DNA damage after radiotherapy was assessed in eight dogs using repeated in vivo samples of tumor and co-irradiated normal tissue analyzed with comet assay and phosphorylated H2AX (γH2AX) immunohistochemistry. In vivo results were then compared (in silico) with a dynamic mathematical model for DNA damage formation and repair...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585301/analysis-of-complete-genome-sequence-and-major-surface-antigens-of-neorickettsia-helminthoeca-causative-agent-of-salmon-poisoning-disease
#18
Mingqun Lin, Katherine Bachman, Zhihui Cheng, Sean C Daugherty, Sushma Nagaraj, Naomi Sengamalay, Sandra Ott, Al Godinez, Luke J Tallon, Lisa Sadzewicz, Claire Fraser, Julie C Dunning Hotopp, Yasuko Rikihisa
Neorickettsia helminthoeca, a type species of the genus Neorickettsia, is an endosymbiont of digenetic trematodes of veterinary importance. Upon ingestion of salmonid fish parasitized with infected trematodes, canids develop salmon poisoning disease (SPD), an acute febrile illness that is particularly severe and often fatal in dogs without adequate treatment. We determined and analysed the complete genome sequence of N. helminthoeca: a single small circular chromosome of 884 232 bp encoding 774 potential proteins...
July 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580831/markers-of-oxidative-stress-in-dogs-with-heart-failure
#19
Barbara Verk, Alenka Nemec Svete, Janez Salobir, Vida Rezar, Aleksandra Domanjko Petrič
We tested the hypothesis that indirect measures of oxidative stress (vitamin E, glutathione peroxidase, and malondialdehyde) differ in dogs in heart failure resulting from either myxomatous mitral valve disease or dilated cardiomyopathy. Dogs were classified according to the International Small Animal Cardiac Health Council (ISACHC) classification. Additionally, the effect of cardiac therapy on oxidative stress parameters and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in advanced stages of congestive heart failure was investigated...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579007/association-between-preoperative-characteristics-and-risk-of-anaesthesia-related-death-in-dogs-in-small-animal-referral-hospitals-in-japan
#20
Takaharu Itami, Hiroko Aida, Makoto Asakawa, Yoko Fujii, Tomoya Iizuka, Ayako Imai, Toshie Iseri, Tomohito Ishizuka, Kei Kakishima, Masatoshi Kamata, Takako Miyabe-Nishiwaki, Shotaro Nagahama, Kiyokazu Naganobu, Ryohei Nishimura, Shozo Okano, Tadashi Sano, Kazuto Yamashita, Yoshiki Yamaya, Masashi Yanagawa
OBJECTIVE: To explore the major risk factors linking preoperative characteristics and anaesthesia-related death in dogs in referral hospitals in Japan. STUDY DESIGN: Observational cohort study. ANIMALS: From April 1, 2010 to March 31, 2011, 4323 dogs anaesthetized in 18 referral hospitals in Japan. METHODS: Questionnaire forms were collated anonymously. Death occurring within 48 hours after extubation was considered as an anaesthesia-related death...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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