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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441056/evaluation-of-gastric-emptying-time-gastrointestinal-transit-time-sedation-score-and-nausea-score-associated-with-intravenous-constant-rate-infusion-of-lidocaine-hydrochloride-in-clinically-normal-dogs
#1
Rebecca A Johnson, Katharine R Kierski, Brian G Jones
OBJECTIVE To quantify nausea and sedation scores, gastric emptying time, and gastrointestinal transit time after IV administration of a lidocaine hydrochloride bolus followed by a constant rate infusion (CRI) in clinically normal dogs. ANIMALS 6 Beagles. PROCEDURES In a crossover study, dogs were fed thirty 1.5-mm barium-impregnated spheres (BIPS) and received a saline (0.9% NaCl) solution bolus (0.05 mL/kg) IV (time 0) followed by a CRI at 10 mL/h, a lidocaine bolus (1 mg/kg) IV followed by a CRI at 25 μg/kg/min, or a lidocaine bolus (1 mg/kg) IV followed by a CRI at 50 μg/kg/min; CRIs were for 12 hours...
May 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435196/hemato-biochemical-alterations-and-urinalysis-in-dogs-suffering-from-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#2
M R Das, R C Patra, R K Das, P K Rath, B P Mishra
AIM: The study was designed to evaluate the hemato-biochemical alterations, urinalysis along with histomorphological and histological changes of prostate glands in dogs affected with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in and around Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In toto, 445 dogs presented to the Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex of the College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, one Government Veterinary Hospital and two pet clinics in and around Bhubaneswar screened for the presence of BPH...
March 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425162/a-small-lick-will-sink-a-great-ship-fulminant-septicaemia-after-dog-saliva-wound-treatment-in-an-asplenic-patient
#3
Evi M Morandi, Reinhard Pauzenberger, Christoph Tasch, Ulrich M Rieger, Gerhard Pierer, Gabriel Djedovic
Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a bacterium transmitted through the saliva of dogs. An infection can cause severe sepsis with acral necrosis and is potentially fatal. Here, we report the case of a 41-year-old man who was infected through a wound that was licked by his dog. He went into septic shock with disseminated intravascular coagulation and subsequently lost both lower legs, his nose and all the fingers on both hands.
April 19, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420977/development-and-training-of-a-neural-controller-for-hind-leg-walking-in-a-dog-robot
#4
Alexander Hunt, Nicholas Szczecinski, Roger Quinn
Animals dynamically adapt to varying terrain and small perturbations with remarkable ease. These adaptations arise from complex interactions between the environment and biomechanical and neural components of the animal's body and nervous system. Research into mammalian locomotion has resulted in several neural and neuro-mechanical models, some of which have been tested in simulation, but few "synthetic nervous systems" have been implemented in physical hardware models of animal systems. One reason is that the implementation into a physical system is not straightforward...
2017: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415915/evaluation-of-dogs-with-macroscopic-haematuria-a-retrospective-study-of-162-cases-2003-2010
#5
K K Adamama-Moraitou, D Pardali, N N Prassinos, G Menexes, M N Patsikas, T S Rallis
AIMS: To retrospectively describe clinical features of dogs that were presented to a small animal clinic between 2003-10 with macroscopic haematuria, and investigate whether signalment of the dog and severity and duration of the haematuria at admission were associated with specific aetiologies. METHODS: Medical records were evaluated of 162 dogs with macroscopic haematuria admitted to a University-based small animal clinic in Thessaloniki, Greece, from January 2003 to December 2010...
April 17, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413864/evaluation-of-intracranial-microvessel-visualization-in-mouse-and-dog-models-by-using-a-new-rotating-cerium-anode-x-ray-system
#6
Chiharu Tanaka, Toru Shizuma, Yoshiro Shinozaki, Kikue Todoroki, Yoshimori Ikeya, Naoto Fukuyama, Toshihiko Ueda, Hidezo Mori
OBJECTIVE: Lacunar stroke may be caused by infarction of small perforating branches of the middle cerebral artery. We developed a microangiographic X-ray system using a cerium anode to evaluate the perforating branches. METHODS: Iodine has K-edges at 33.2 kilo electron volts. Cerium yields a characteristic X-ray of 34.6 kilo electron volts, therefore, the cerium anode X-ray system could detect tiny amounts of contrast material. First, an X-ray chart was used to evaluate the resolution...
April 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407450/finding-the-optimal-dose-of-vitamin-k1-to-treat-vitamin-k-deficiency-and-to-avoid-anaphylactoid-reactions
#7
Yan-Ni Mi, Na-Na Ping, Bo Li, Xue Xiao, Yan-Bing Zhu, Lei Cao, Jian-Kang Ren, Yong-Xiao Cao
Vitamin K1 injection induces severe dose-related anaphylactoid reactions and overdose for the treatment of vitamin K deficiency. We aimed to find an optimal and small dose of vitamin K1 injection to treat vitamin K deficiency and avoid anaphylactoid reactions in animal. Rats were administered a vitamin K-deficient diet and gentamicin to establish vitamin K deficiency model. Behaviour tests were performed in beagle dogs to observe anaphylactoid reactions. The results showed an increased protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist II (PIVKA-II) levels, a prolonging of prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), and a decrease in vitamin K-dependent coagulation factor (F) II, VII, IX and X activities in the model group...
April 13, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403364/diagnosis-of-alveolar-and-root-fractures-an-in-vitro-study-comparing-cbct-imaging-with-periapical-radiographs
#8
Solange Kobayashi-Velasco, Fernanda Cristina Sales Salineiro, Ivan Onone Gialain, Marcelo Gusmão Paraiso Cavalcanti
Objective: To compare periapical radiograph (PR) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the diagnosis of alveolar and root fractures. Material and Methods: Sixty incisor teeth (20 higid and 40 with root fracture) from dogs were inserted in 60 anterior alveolar sockets (40 higid and 20 with alveolar fracture) of 15 macerated canine maxillae. Each fractured socket had a root fractured tooth inserted in it. Afterwards, each maxilla was submitted to PR in two different vertical angulation incidences, and to CBCT imaging with a small field of view (FOV) and high-definition protocol...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397313/correlation-of-cytologic-and-histopathologic-findings-with-perinodal-echogenicity-of-abdominal-lymph-nodes-in-dogs-and-cats
#9
Aditya C Davé, Lisa J Zekas, Danelle M Auld
Abdominal lymphadenopathy in dogs and cats is routinely investigated with ultrasound. As the determination between benign and neoplastic etiologies of lymphadenopathy affects patient management, specific sonographic characteristics associated with both benign and neoplastic lymph nodes have been suggested. However, a significant overlap between these characteristics exists, necessitating a cytologic or histopathologic diagnosis in most instances. The objectives of this retrospective, cross-sectional study were to evaluate whether echogenicity of perinodal fat could be a discriminator between benign and neoplastic abdominal lymphadenopathy and to assess if additional sonographic features associated with malignancy could be identified in lymph nodes with hyperechoic perinodal fat...
April 11, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397005/sneaking-a-peek-pigeons-use-peripheral-vision-not-mirrors-to-find-hidden-food
#10
Emre Ünver, Alexis Garland, Sepideh Tabrik, Onur Güntürkün
A small number of species are capable of recognizing themselves in the mirror when tested with the mark-and-mirror test. This ability is often seen as evidence of self-recognition and possibly even self-awareness. Strangely, a number of species, for example monkeys, pigs and dogs, are unable to pass the mark test but can locate rewarding objects by using the reflective properties of a mirror. Thus, these species seem to understand how a visual reflection functions but cannot apply it to their own image. We tested this discrepancy in pigeons-a species that does not spontaneously pass the mark test...
April 10, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396505/genetic-characterisation-of-dog-personality-traits
#11
Joanna Ilska, Marie J Haskell, Sarah C Blott, Enrique Sánchez-Molano, Zita Polgar, Sarah E Lofgren, Dylan N Clements, Pam Wiener
The genetic architecture of behavioural traits in dogs is of great interest to owners, breeders and professionals involved in animal welfare, as well as to scientists studying the genetics of animal (including human) behaviour. The genetic component of dog behaviour is supported by between-breed differences and some evidence of within-breed variation. However, it is a challenge to gather sufficiently large datasets to dissect the genetic basis of complex traits such as behaviour, which are both time-consuming and logistically difficult to measure, and known to be influenced by non-genetic factors...
April 10, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393960/proximal-tibial-metaphyseal-fractures-in-immature-dogs
#12
Lauren Deahl, Ron Ben-Amotz, Ana V Caceres, Kimberly A Agnello
OBJECTIVE: To describe proximal tibial metaphyseal fractures in immature dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of immature dogs with metaphyseal fractures of the proximal tibia were reviewed and data were collected on signalment and history of trauma. Craniocaudal and mediolateral radiographs were evaluated for the determination of the bones fractured, location of the fracture within the bone, fracture configuration, and the presence of fracture segment displacement and angulation...
April 10, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390181/perceptions-and-opinions-of-canadian-pet-owners-about-anaesthesia-pain-and-surgery-in-small-animals
#13
P V Steagall, B P Monteiro, H L M Ruel, G Beauchamp, G Luca, J Berry, S Little, E Stiles, S Hamilton, D Pang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the perceptions and opinions of Canadian pet owners about anaesthesia, pain and surgery in dogs and cats. METHODS: Six Canadian veterinary hospitals participated. Each practice received 200 copies of a questionnaire that were distributed to pet owners. Questions regarding the use of analgesics, anaesthesia, surgery and onychectomy (cats) were included. Responses were transformed into ordinal scores and analysed with a Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382854/lymphoma-classification-in-goats
#14
Patti K Kiser, Christiane V Löhr
Lymphoma has been described in individual cases for goats but not systematically characterized in a larger cohort. This study aimed to subtype caprine lymphoma based on topographic and subgross distribution, immunophenotype, and cellular morphology following the World Health Organization classification system for hematopoietic tumors in domestic animals. Fifteen caprine lymphoma cases were assessed with 6 submitted as biopsy and 9 for postmortem examination. Goats were predominantly young adult (median 3 years) and dwarf breeds (Pygmy and Pygora)...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381666/acquired-fanconi-syndrome-in-two-dogs-following-long-term-consumption-of-pet-jerky-treats-in-japan-case-report
#15
Akira Yabuki, Tomoko Iwanaga, Urs Giger, Mariko Sawa, Moeko Kohyama, Osamu Yamato
Renal Fanconi syndrome has recently been associated with the ingestion of pet jerky treats from China in mostly small breed dogs in North America, Australia and Europe. We report here about two dogs with Fanconi syndrome following pet jerky treats exposure in Japan. A mixed-breed dog and a French bulldog showed weight loss, polyuria and polydipsia. For years, the owners had been feeding large quantities of pet jerky treats containing chicken prepared in China. Diagnostics revealed glycosuria without hyperglycemia, severe aminoaciduria, and in one case also ketonuria, hypokalemia and metabolic acidosis...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377923/dynamic-susceptibility-contrast-magnetic-resonance-imaging-protocol-of-the-normal-canine-brain
#16
Krystina L Stadler, Anthony P Pease, Elizabeth A Ballegeer
Perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), specifically dynamic susceptibility MRI (DSC-MRI) is routinely performed as a supplement to conventional MRI in human medicine for patients with intracranial neoplasia and cerebrovascular events. There is minimal data on the use of DSC-MRI in veterinary patients and a DSC-MRI protocol in the veterinary patient has not been described. Sixteen normal dogs, 6 years or older were recruited for this study. The sample population included 11 large dogs (>11 kg) and 5 small dogs (<11 kg)...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377659/animal-bite-injuries-in-children-review-of-literature-and-case-series
#17
REVIEW
Aviral Agrawal, Pradeep Kumar, Ruchi Singhal, Virendra Singh, Amrish Bhagol
INTRODUCTION: Maxillofacial region in children is particularly vulnerable to animal bite injuries. These injuries may range from insignificant scratches to life-threatening neck and facial injuries. Children are the common victims, particularly of dog bites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three cases of animal bite injuries in children with their clinical presentation and their management are being presented along with review of literature. Surgical management included cleansing and primary closure of the wound...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375071/assessing-communications-competencies-through-reviews-of-client-interactions-and-comprehensive-rotation-assessment-a-comparison-of-methods
#18
Margaret V Root Kustritz, Susan Lowum, Kristi Flynn, Heather Fairbairn, Athena Diesch-Chham
The primary purpose of this study was to compare two methods for assessing student communication skills: a labor-intensive review of video-recorded interactions and global communications assessment using a comprehensive rotation-assessment tool. Secondary goals of the study were to evaluate student strengths and weaknesses to inform the pre-clinical communications curriculum and to evaluate for consistency between types of reviewers. Video recordings of 43 student encounters with clients presenting their animals for wellness or diagnostic appointments to the primary care service at a veterinary teaching hospital were reviewed by one of three primary care clinicians, a social worker, and a clinical communications instructor, using a common rubric...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373730/cuttable-plate-fixation-for-small-breed-dogs-with-radius-and-ulna-fractures-retrospective-study-of-31-dogs
#19
Gwyneth K Watrous, Noel M M Moens
This retrospective study evaluated complication rates for radius and ulna fractures in small breed dogs in which 1.5 mm to 2.7 mm cuttable bone plates were used for internal fixation. The medical records of all cases from 2004 to 2011 that were presented to our clinic were reviewed. Inclusion criteria were: dogs with body weight < 9 kg, fracture of the radius and ulna with open reduction, and internal fixation utilizing a cuttable bone plate. Thirty-four fractures in 31 dogs met the inclusion criteria. Of 25 dogs that were available for follow-up, all achieved union, minor complications occurred in 9, and major complications occurred in 8...
April 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370379/prognostic-factors-associated-with-recovery-of-ambulation-and-urinary-continence-in-dogs-with-acute-lumbosacral-spinal-cord-injury
#20
T A Shaw, L De Risio, E J Laws, J H Rose, T R Harcourt-Brown, N Granger
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available about prognostic factors for recovery after spinal cord injury (SCI) to the L4-S3 segments. Previous research suggests that L4-S3 SCI does not have a worse prognosis than T3-L3 SCI. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To elucidate prognostic factors for regaining urinary continence and ambulation in dogs with L4-S3 SCI and compare prognosis to T3-L3 SCI. ANIMALS/METHODS: A retrospective study on 61 nonambulatory dogs with L4-S3 SCI, matched to dogs with T3-L3 SCI, compared 3 weeks after onset...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
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