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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326983/morphologic-and-morphometric-description-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-in-the-domestic-dog-using-computed-tomography
#1
Lenin A Villamizar-Martinez, Cristian M Villegas, Marco A Gioso, Alexander M Reiter, Geni C Patricio, Ana C Pinto
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in the domestic dog is a synovial joint with 2 articular surfaces, the mandibular fossa of the squamous portion of the temporal bone and the articular head of the condylar process of the mandible. Although different diagnostic imaging techniques have been used to study the TMJ in dogs, morphologic and morphometric studies based on computed tomography (CT) are scarce. The purpose of the present study was to describe the morphologic and morphometric features of the TMJ in domestic dogs using CT...
June 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317613/retrospective-study-2009-2014-perineal-hernias-and-related-comorbidities-in-bitches
#2
Ayne Murata Hayashi, Sandra Aparecida Rosner, Thais Cristine Alves de Assumpção, Angelo João Stopiglia, Julia Maria Matera
Retrospective study based on data extracted from medical records of dogs diagnosed with perineal hernia between 2009 and 2014; medical records of bitches were selected for further analysis to determine the prevalence of perineal hernias in bitches and to investigate potential comorbidities. Perineal hernia was diagnosed in 182 dogs (174 males and 8 females; 96% and 4%, respectively). Surgical correction was performed in 6 bitches. Surgical procedures corresponded to internal obturator muscle transposition with or without polypropylene mesh reinforcement (n = 5) and semitendinosus muscle transposition flap (n = 1)...
December 2016: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315645/pharmacokinetic-profiles-of-meloxicam-and-sustained-release-buprenorphine-in-prairie-dogs-cynomys-ludovicianus
#3
Cynthia D Cary, Nicole L Lukovsky-Akhsanov, Nadia F Gallardo-Romero, Cassandram M Tansey, Sharon D Ostergaard, Willie D Taylor, Clint N Morgan, Nathaniel Powell, George W Lathrop, Christina L Hutson
In this study, we evaluated the pharmacokinetic profiles of meloxicam and sustained-release (SR) buprenorphine in prairie dogs. The 4 treatment groups were: low-dose meloxicam (0.2 mg/kg SC), high-dose meloxicam (4 mg/kg SC), low-dose buprenorphine SR (0.9 mg/kg SC), and high-dose buprenorphine SR (1.2 mg/kg SC). The highest plasma concentrations occurred within 4 h of administration for both meloxicam treatment groups. The therapeutic range of meloxicam in prairie dogs is currently unknown. However, as compared with the therapeutic range documented in other species (0...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306717/barriers-to-dog-rabies-vaccination-during-an-urban-rabies-outbreak-qualitative-findings-from-arequipa-peru
#4
Ricardo Castillo-Neyra, Joanna Brown, Katty Borrini, Claudia Arevalo, Michael Z Levy, Alison Buttenheim, Gabrielle C Hunter, Victor Becerra, Jere Behrman, Valerie A Paz-Soldan
BACKGROUND: Canine rabies was reintroduced to the city of Arequipa, Peru in March 2015. The Ministry of Health has conducted a series of mass dog vaccination campaigns to contain the outbreak, but canine rabies virus transmission continues in Arequipa's complex urban environment, putting the city's 1 million inhabitants at risk of infection. The proximate driver of canine rabies in Arequipa is low dog vaccination coverage. Our objectives were to qualitatively assess barriers to and facilitators of rabies vaccination during mass campaigns, and to explore strategies to increase participation in future efforts...
March 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306484/evaluation-of-the-economic-and-clinical-feasibility-of-introducing-rigid-endoscopy-and-laparoscopy-to-a-small-animal-general-practice
#5
Kelly Jones, J Brad Case, Brian Evans, Eric Monnet
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the economic and clinical feasibility of introducing rigid endoscopy and laparoscopy to a small animal general practice. DESIGN Prospective study. SAMPLE A single 2-veterinarian small animal practice in southern California. PROCEDURES In early 2012, endoscopic equipment was purchased, and both veterinarians in the practice undertook training in rigid endoscopic and laparoscopic procedures. Subsequently, information for client-owned animals that underwent endoscopic and laparoscopic procedures during a 12-month period (2012 to 2013) was collected...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303732/mitochondrial-dna-sequence-variation-in-iranian-native-dogs
#6
Zeinab Amiri Ghanatsaman, Adeniyi C Adeola, Masood Asadi Fozi, Ya-Ping Ma, Min-Sheng Peng, Guo-Dong Wang, Ali Esmailizadeh, Ya-Ping Zhang
The dog mtDNA diversity picture from wide geographical sampling but from a small number of individuals per region or breed, displayed little geographical correlation and high degree of haplotype sharing between very distant breeds. For a clear picture, we extensively surveyed Iranian native dogs (n = 305) in comparison with published European (n = 443) and Southwest Asian (n = 195) dogs. Twelve haplotypes related to haplogroups A, B and C were shared by Iranian, European, Southwest Asian and East Asian dogs...
March 17, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302939/concurrent-with-t-zone-lymphoma-and-high-grade-gastrointestinal-cytotoxic-t-cell-lymphoma-in-a-dog
#7
Akihisa Suwa, Tetsuya Shimoda
A 9-year-old, spayed female Golden Retriever dog was referred to us for lymphocytosis and lymphadenopathy, secondary to suspected chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The dog had a clinical history of anorexia, vomiting and melena lasting two days. The popliteal lymph node contained small-to-intermediate lymphocytes, which led us to suspect low-grade lymphoma. Thickened lesions in the stomach and small intestine were detected by ultrasonography. Histopathology of the popliteal lymph node and small intestine revealed a simultaneous presence of T-zone lymphoma (TZL) and high-grade gastrointestinal (GI) cytotoxic T-cell lymphoma...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295678/founder-representation-and-effective-population-size-in-old-versus-young-breeds-genetic-diversity-of-finnish-and-nordic-spitz
#8
M Kumpulainen, H Anderson, T Svevar, I Kangasvuo, J Donner, J Pohjoismäki
Finnish Spitz is 130-year-old breed and has been highly popular in Finland throughout its history. Nordic Spitz is very similar to Finnish Spitz by origin and use, but is a relatively recent breed with much smaller population size. To see how breed age and breeding history have influenced the current population, we performed comprehensive population genetic analysis using pedigree data of 28,119 Finnish and 9,009 Nordic Spitzes combined with genomewide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data from 135 Finnish and 110 Nordic Spitzes...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Zeitschrift Für Tierzüchtung und Züchtungsbiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294600/histo-blood-group-antigen-presentation-is-critical-for-norovirus-vlp-binding-to-glycosphingolipids-in-model-membranes
#9
Waqas Nasir, Martin Frank, Angelika Kunze, Marta Bally, Francisco Parra, Per-Georg Nyholm, Fredrik Höök, Göran Larson
Virus entry depends on biomolecular recognition at the surface of cell membranes. In case of glycolipid receptors, these events are expected to be influenced by how the glycan epitope close to the membrane is presented to the virus. This presentation of membrane associated glycans is more restricted as compared to glycans in solution, particularly because of orientational constraints imposed on the glycolipid through its lateral interactions with other membrane lipids and proteins. We have developed and employed total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM) based binding assay and a scheme for molecular dynamics (MD) membrane simulations to investigate the consequences of various glycan presentation effects...
March 15, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288759/feline-and-canine-leishmaniosis-and-other-vector-borne-diseases-in-the-aeolian-islands-pathogen-and-vector-circulation-in-a-confined-environment
#10
Domenico Otranto, Ettore Napoli, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Giada Annoscia, Viviana Domenica Tarallo, Grazia Greco, Eleonora Lorusso, Laura Gulotta, Luigi Falsone, Fabrizio Solari Basano, Maria Grazia Pennisi, Katrin Deuster, Gioia Capelli, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Emanuele Brianti
Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) are prevalently investigated in dogs. Studies on feline VBDs are scant, though feline leishmaniosis (FeL) is increasingly recognised as a disease of cats in endemic areas. Comprehensive investigations on the distribution of VBDs in populations of cats and dogs living in relatively small geographical areas, such as islands, are currently lacking. In this study the prevalence of Leishmania infantum and other VBD pathogens was assessed in cohorts of cats and dogs living in the Aeolian Islands...
March 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287780/examining-the-effects-of-a-novel-training-program-and-use-of-psychiatric-service-dogs-for-military-related-ptsd-and-associated-symptoms
#11
Megan L Kloep, Richard H Hunter, Sarah J Kertz
This study explored an intensive 3-week training program and use of psychiatric service dogs for military-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associated symptoms. The sample included 2 separate cohorts of military veterans (n = 7 and n = 5) with prior diagnoses of PTSD. Participants completed self-report measures assessing PTSD, depression, perception of social support, anger, and overall quality of life 1 month prior to the training (baseline), at arrival to the training site, and 6-month follow-up...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285500/a-human-case-of-zoonotic-dog-tapeworm-dipylidium-caninum-eucestoda-dilepidiidae-in-china
#12
Peng Jiang, Xi Zhang, Ruo Dan Liu, Zhong Quan Wang, Jing Cui
We described a human case of zoonotic dog tapeworm, Dipylidium caninum (Eucestoda: Dilepidiidae), rarely occurring in China. The mother of a 17 month-old boy noted the appearance of small white and active worms over a month period in her son's feces, but the boy was asymptomatic except mild diarrhea. We observed 3 tapeworm proglottids resembling cucumber seeds in his stool sample. Microscopically, each proglottid had 2 genital pores, 1 on each lateral edge, and numerous egg capsules in the uterus. The patient was successfully treated with a single oral dose of praziquantel...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283668/effect-of-peritoneal-lavage-solution-temperature-on-body-temperature-in-anaesthetised-cats-and-small-dogs
#13
D C Barnes, E A Leece, T A Trimble, J L Demetriou
A prospective, randomised, non-blinded, clinical study to assess the effect of peritoneal lavage using warmed fluid on body temperature in anesthetised cats and dogs of less than 10 kg body mass undergoing coeliotomy. A standardised anaesthetic protocol was used. Oesophageal and rectal temperatures were measured at various time points. At the end of surgery, group 1 patients (n=10) were lavaged with 200 ml/kg sterile isotonic saline at 34±1°C and group 2 (n=10) at 40±1°C. Groups were similar with respect to age, mass, body condition and surgical incision length...
March 10, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283076/prevalence-of-thoracic-vertebral-malformations-in-french-bulldogs-pugs-and-english-bulldogs-with-and-without-associated-neurological-deficits
#14
R Ryan, R Gutierrez-Quintana, G Ter Haar, Steven De Decker
Congenital vertebral malformations are common incidental findings in small breed dogs. This retrospective observational study evaluated the type and prevalence of thoracic vertebral malformations in 171 neurologically normal and 10 neurologically abnormal screw-tailed brachycephalic dogs. Neurologically normal dogs underwent CT for reasons unrelated to spinal disease, while affected dogs underwent MRI. Imaging studies were reviewed and vertebral malformations including hemivertebrae, block vertebrae, transitional vertebrae, and spina bifida were documented...
March 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282232/an-atypical-case-of-leishmaniasis-associated-with-chronic-duodenitis-in-a-dog
#15
Ignacio Ayala, Luis Jesus Bernal, Juan Diego Garcia-Martinez, Miguel Angel Gomez, Jose Antonio Navarro, Antonio Bernabe
We describe an atypical case of duodenal leishmaniasis in a boxer dog presenting with chronic diarrhea and poor general condition. Antidiarrheic therapy was previously administered without success and inflammatory bowel disease localized to the small intestine was suspected, given the chronic clinical signs and by ruling out other known causes of gastrointestinal inflammation. Endoscopic biopsy of duodenum showed a moderate increase in lamina propria lymphocytes, plasma cells, and macrophages. Basophilic bodies were seen in the cytoplasm of numerous macrophages, suggestive of Leishmania spp, confirmed by immunostaining, and a diagnosis of granulomatous duodenitis associated to Leishmania infection was made...
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280555/clever-mothers-balance-time-and-effort-in-parental-care-a-study-on-free-ranging-dogs
#16
Manabi Paul, Shubhra Sau, Anjan K Nandi, Anindita Bhadra
Mammalian offspring require parental care, at least in the form of nursing during their early development. While mothers need to invest considerable time and energy in ensuring the survival of their current offspring, they also need to optimize their investment in one batch of offspring in order to ensure future reproduction and hence lifetime reproductive success. Free-ranging dogs live in small social groups, mate promiscuously and lack the cooperative breeding biology of other group-living canids. They face high early-life mortality, which in turn reduces fitness benefits of the mother from a batch of pups...
January 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278269/small-rodents-as-paratenic-or-intermediate-hosts-of-carnivore-parasites-in-berlin-germany
#17
Jürgen Krücken, Julia Blümke, Denny Maaz, Janina Demeler, Sabrina Ramünke, Daniela Antolová, Roland Schaper, Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna
Rodents are important intermediate and paratenic hosts for carnivore parasites, including the important zoonotic agents Toxoplasma, Echinococcus and Toxocara. Monitoring of such parasites in rodents can be used to detect increasing risks for human and veterinary public health. Rodents were trapped at four sites in Berlin, two near the city center, two at the periphery. PCRs were conducted to detect Coccidia (target ITS-1) and specifically Toxoplasma gondii (repetitive element) in brain and ascarids (ITS-2) in muscle or brain tissue...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277089/injecting-rabies-immunoglobulin-rig-into-wounds-only-a-significant-saving-of-lives-and-costly-rig
#18
Omesh Kumar Bharti, Shampur Narayan Madhusudana, Henry Wilde
An increasing number of dog bite victims were being presented to public hospitals in Himachal Pradesh in 2014 amidst virtual non availability of any rabies immunoglobulin (RIG). Only a small quantity of equine rabies immunoglobulin (eRIG) was available from the government owned Central Research Institute (CRI) Kasauli. This available eRIG was used in 269 patients as an emergency response and only for local infiltration of severe bite wounds by suspected rabid dogs. This was followed by rabies vaccination, using the WHO approved intra-dermal Thai Red Cross Society vaccination schedule...
February 22, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275917/development-of-a-novel-lung-stabilizing-device-for-vats-procedures
#19
Yusuke Muranishi, Toshihiko Sato, Yojiro Yutaka, Yasuto Sakaguchi, Teruya Komatsu, Akihiko Yoshizawa, Masahiro Hirata, Tatsuo Nakamura, Hiroshi Date
BACKGROUND: The use of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has substantially increased in recent years. These procedures involve the insertion of specialized devices into the thoracic cavity via access ports. However, conventional devices such as cotton-tipped applicators and graspers can limit the field of view and injure the fragile lung tissue. The aim of this study was to develop a novel lung-stabilizing device for VATS that provides a good surgical field of view without causing lung injury...
March 8, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274808/diversity-of-rickettsiae-in-a-rural-community-in-northern-california
#20
Nicole Stephenson, Alexandra Blaney, Deana Clifford, Mourad Gabriel, Greta Wengert, Patrick Foley, Richard N Brown, Mark Higley, Sarah Buckenberger-Mantovani, Janet Foley
Far northern California forests are highly biodiverse in wildlife reservoirs and arthropod vectors that may propagate rickettsial pathogens in nature. The proximity of small rural communities to these forests puts people and domestic animals at risk of vector-borne infection due to spillover from wildlife. The current study was conducted to document exposure to rickettsial pathogens in people and domestic animals in a rural community, and identify which rickettsiae are present in sylvatic and peri-domestic environments near this community...
February 27, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
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