keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

small dog

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212791/echinococcosis-control-and-prevention
#1
P S Craig, D Hegglin, M W Lightowlers, P R Torgerson, Q Wang
Human cystic echinococcosis (CE) has been eliminated or significantly reduced as a public health problem in several previously highly endemic regions. This has been achieved by the long-term application of prevention and control measures primarily targeted to deworming dogs, health education, meat inspection, and effective surveillance in livestock and human populations. Human CE, however, remains a serious neglected zoonotic disease in many resource-poor pastoral regions. The incidence of human alveolar echinococcosis (AE) has increased in continental Europe and is a major public health problem in parts of Eurasia...
2017: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195213/spatial-assessment-of-wolf-dog-hybridization-in-a-single-breeding-period
#2
C Pacheco, J V López-Bao, E J García, F J Lema, L Llaneza, V Palacios, R Godinho
Understanding the dynamics of wolf-dog hybridization and delineating evidence-based conservation strategies requires information on the spatial extent of wolf-dog hybridization in real-time, which remains largely unknown. We collected 332 wolf-like scats over ca. 5,000km(2) in the NW Iberian Peninsula to evaluate wolf-dog hybridization at population level in a single breeding/pup-rearing season. Mitochondrial DNA (MtDNA) and 18 ancestry informative markers were used for species and individual identification, and to detect wolf-dog hybrids...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183608/efficacy-and-safety-of-small-intestinal-submucosa-in-dural-defect-repair-in-a-canine-model
#3
Shu-Kun He, Jin-Hai Guo, Zhu-le Wang, Yi Zhang, Yun-Hu Tu, Shi-Zhou Wu, Fu-Guo Huang, Hui-Qi Xie
Dural defects are a common problem, and inadequate dural closure can lead to complications. Several types of dural substitute materials have recently been discarded or modified owing to poor biocompatibility or mechanical properties and adverse reactions. The small intestinal submucosa (SIS) is a promising material used in a variety of applications. Based on the limitations of previous studies, we conducted an animal study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the SIS in preclinical trials. Twenty-four male beagle dogs were subjected to surgical resection to produce dural defects...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163271/intestinal-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-in-a-cat
#4
Akihisa Suwa, Tetsuya Shimoda
A 12-year-old, 3.6-kg, spayed female domestic shorthaired cat had a 2-month history of anorexia and weight loss. Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed an exophytic mass originating from the jejunum with very poor central and poor peripheral contrast enhancement. On day 14, surgical resection of the jejunum and mass with 5-cm margins and an end-to-end anastomosis were performed. Histopathological examination revealed the mass was a transmural, invasive cancer showing exophytic growth and originating from the small intestinal muscle layer...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157145/current-perspectives-on-therapy-dog-welfare-in-animal-assisted-interventions
#5
REVIEW
Lisa Maria Glenk
Research into the effects of animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) has primarily addressed human health outcomes. In contrast, only few publications deal with the therapy dog experience of AAIs. This paper provides an overview on potential welfare threats that therapy dogs may encounter and presents the results of a review of available studies on welfare indicators for therapy dogs during AAIs. Previous investigations used physiological and behavioral welfare indicators and dog handler surveys to identify work-related stress...
February 1, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154461/evaluation-of-serum-myeloperoxidase-concentration-in-dogs-with-heart-failure-due-to-chronic-mitral-valvular-insufficiency
#6
Jong-In Park, Sang-Il Suh, Changbaig Hyun
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a leukocyte-derived enzyme involved in the process of heart failure and is found to have good diagnostic and prognostic values in humans with chronic heart failure. This study evaluated the relationship between serum MPO levels and the severity of heart failure (HF) due to chronic mitral valvular insufficiency (CMVI) in dogs. Eighty-two client-owned dogs consisting of 69 dogs with different stages of HF due to CMVI and 13 age-matched healthy dogs were enrolled in this study. Serum MPO concentrations in the healthy and CMVI groups were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using a canine-specific monoclonal anti-MPO antibody...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153506/clinicopathologic-study-of-calcifying-fibrous-tumor-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract-a-case-series
#7
Maryam Kherad Pezhouh, M Katayoon Rezaei, Maryam Shabihkhani, Arunima Ghosh, Deborah Belchis, Elizabeth A Montgomery, Lysandra Voltaggio
Calcifying fibrous tumor (CFT) is a rare benign mesenchymal lesion known to arise at multiple body sites that may clinically mimic other more aggressive lesions in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. In this study we describe the clinicopathologic findings of 28 GI tract CFTs. Tumors predominantly arose in middle aged adults with a slight female predominance. The most commonly involved sites were small bowel and colon, followed by stomach and appendix. Tumors ranged from 0.3 to 9.3cm (median 1.4cm) and submucosa was the most commonly involved layer...
January 30, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146301/simultaneous-determination-of-mycophenolic-acid-and-its-glucuronide-and-glycoside-derivatives-in-canine-and-feline-plasma-by-uhplc-uv
#8
Sol Maiam Rivera, Jeniffer E Slovak, Michael H Court, Nicolas F Villarino
Cats and dogs can suffer from multiple auto-immune diseases. Mycophenolic acid (MPA) is a potentially useful immunosuppressant drug in cats and dogs, because of its well-documented efficacy in controlling autoimmune disease in humans. However, the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in these species remains to be determined. We have developed and validated a sensitive, precise, accurate, and reproducible method that provides consistent quantification of MPA and its major derivatives, MPA phenol glucoside and MPA phenol glucuronide in canine and feline plasma using ultra-high-pressure liquid chromatography coupled to an ultraviolet detector...
February 1, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140637/radiographic-assessment-of-the-cardiac-silhouette-in-clinically-normal-large-and-small-breed-dogs
#9
Ayman A Mostafa, Clifford R Berry
OBJECTIVE To determine manubrium heart scores (MHSs) from measurements of cardiac short-axis length (cSAL) and long-axis length (cLAL) relative to the corresponding manubrium length (ML) on thoracic radiographic views of dogs and assess correlation of MHSs with vertebral heart scores (VHSs). ANIMALS 120 clinically normal large-breed dogs (LBDs) and small-breed dogs (SBDs). PROCEDURES On right lateral views (RLVs) and ventrodorsal views (VDVs) for each dog, cSAL and cLAL were measured and expressed as a ratio; the cSAL:ML ratio (short-MHS), cLAL:ML ratio (long-MHS), and cSAL-and-cLAL:ML ratio (overall-MHS) were also calculated...
February 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138052/estimating-burdens-of-neglected-tropical-zoonotic-diseases-on-islands-with-introduced-mammals
#10
Luz A de Wit, Donald A Croll, Bernie Tershy, Kelly M Newton, Dena Spatz, Nick D Holmes, A Marm Kilpatrick
Many neglected tropical zoonotic diseases are maintained by introduced mammals, and on islands the most common introduced species are rodents, cats, and dogs. Management of introduced mammals, including control or eradication of feral populations, which is frequently done for ecological restoration, could also reduce or eliminate the diseases these animals carry. Understanding the burden of these zoonotic diseases is crucial for quantifying the potential public health benefits of introduced mammal management...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131615/the-deterrent-effects-of-australian-street-level-drug-law-enforcement-on-illicit-drug-offending-at-outdoor-music-festivals
#11
Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes, Vivienne Moxham-Hall, Alison Ritter, Don Weatherburn, Robert MacCoun
BACKGROUND: Australian and international street-level drug law enforcement deploy many strategies in efforts to prevent or deter illicit drug offending. Limited evidence of deterrence exists. This study assessed the likely impacts of four Australian policing strategies on the incidence and nature of drug use and supply at a common policing target: outdoor music festivals. METHODS: A purpose-built national online survey (the Drug Policing Survey) was constructed using five hypothetical experimental vignettes that took into account four policing strategies (High Visibility Policing, Riot Policing, Collaborative Policing, and policing with Drug Detection Dogs) and a counter-factual (no police presence)...
January 25, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129788/meta-analysis-to-estimate-the-load-of-leptospira-excreted-in-urine-beyond-rats-as-important-sources-of-transmission-in-low-income-rural-communities
#12
REVIEW
Veronica Barragan, Nathan Nieto, Paul Keim, Talima Pearson
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is a major zoonotic disease with widespread distribution and a large impact on human health. Carrier animals excrete pathogenic Leptospira primarily in their urine. Infection occurs when the pathogen enters a host through mucosa or small skin abrasions. Humans and other animals are exposed to the pathogen by direct contact with urine, contaminated soil or water. While many factors influence environmental cycling and the transmission of Leptospira to humans, the load of pathogenic Leptospira in the environment is likely to play a major role...
January 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119017/does-size-really-matter-investigating-cognitive-differences-in-spatial-memory-ability-based-on-size-in-domestic-dogs
#13
Megan S Broadway, Mystera M Samuelson, Jennie L Christopher, Stephanie E Jett, Heidi Lyn
The study of canine cognition can be useful in understanding the selective pressures affecting cognitive abilities. Dogs have undergone intensive artificial selection yielding distinctive breeds, which differ both phenotypically and behaviorally and no other species has a wider range in brain size. As brain size has long been hypothesized to relate to cognitive capacity, this species offers a useful model to further explore this relationship. The influence of physical size on canine cognition has not been thoroughly addressed, despite the fact that large dogs are often perceived to be 'smarter' than small dogs...
January 21, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118500/leaf-swallowing-and-parasite-expulsion-in-khao-yai-white-handed-gibbons-hylobates-lar-the-first-report-in-an-asian-ape-species
#14
Claudia Barelli, Michael A Huffman
Leaf swallowing behavior, known as a form of self-medication for the control of nematode and tapeworm infection, occurs widely in all the African great apes (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii, P. t. troglodytes, P. t. verus, P. t. vellerosus, Pan paniscus, Gorilla gorilla graueri), except mountain gorillas. It is also reported to occur in a similar context across a wide array of other animal taxa including, domestic dogs, wolves, brown bears, and civets. Despite long-term research on Asian great and small apes, this is the first report of leaf swallowing in an Asian species, the white-handed gibbon (Hylobates lar) in Khao Yai National Park, central Thailand...
March 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117561/wildlife-plague-surveillance-near-the-china-kazakhstan-border-2012-2015
#15
S-S Zhao, Y Pulati, X-P Yin, W Li, B-J Wang, K Yang, C-F Chen, Y-Z Wang
Plague is a zoonotic disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. This pathogen can be transmitted by fleas and has an enzootic cycle, circulating among small mammals, and occasionally epizootic cycles, infecting other species. In China, infected wild rodents are primarily reservoirs of Y. Pestis and are related to human infection (Int. J. Infect. Dis., 33, 2015 and 67; BMC Microbiol., 9, 2009 and 205). Because shepherd dogs prey on and eat rodents (e.g. marmots and mice), they are valuable sentinel animals for plague serosurveillance in endemic disease foci, although their infections are usually asymptomatic (Vet...
January 24, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115177/prediction-of-lymph-node-parasite-load-from-clinical-data-in-dogs-with-leishmaniasis-an-application-of-radial-basis-artificial-neural-networks
#16
Rafaela Beatriz Pintor Torrecilha, Yuri Tani Utsunomiya, Luís Fábio da Silva Batista, Anelise Maria Bosco, Cáris Maroni Nunes, Paulo César Ciarlini, Márcia Dalastra Laurenti
Quantification of Leishmania infantum load via real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) in lymph node aspirates is an accurate tool for diagnostics, surveillance and therapeutics follow-up in dogs with leishmaniasis. However, qPCR requires infrastructure and technical training that is not always available commercially or in public services. Here, we used a machine learning technique, namely Radial Basis Artificial Neural Network, to assess whether parasite load could be learned from clinical data (serological test, biochemical markers and physical signs)...
January 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115175/distribution-and-dynamics-of-soil-contamination-with-toxocara-canis-and-toxocara-cati-eggs-in-poland-and-prevention-measures-proposed-after-20-years-of-study
#17
Hanna Mizgajska-Wiktor, Wojciech Jarosz, Renata Fogt-Wyrwas, Agnieszka Drzewiecka
The studies conducted in the years 1994-2013 allowed to determine the distribution of Toxocara spp. eggs in the soil of different types of urban and rural areas in Poland and to establish seasonal and multi-year dynamics of soil contamination with T. cati and T. canis eggs. Out of 3309 soil samples examined, 14.9% contained the eggs and the average density was 3.43 eggs/100g of soil. The level of soil contamination was the highest in cities, lower in villages, and lowest in small towns. In urban areas eggs of T...
January 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100766/comparison-of-a-chop-lasp-based-protocol-with-and-without-maintenance-for-canine-multicentric-lymphoma
#18
E M Lautscham, M Kessler, T Ernst, L Willimzig, R Neiger
The recommendation to treat canine lymphoma with a discontinuous protocol is based on small case numbers and mostly historic controls. This study compares duration of first remission (DFR) and overall survival time (ST) with a discontinuous protocol to the same protocol with maintenance phase. 408 dogs were treated with a CHOP-LAsp (C=cyclophosphamide; H=hydroxydaunorubicin; O=Oncovin; P=prednisolone; LAsp=l-asparaginase)-based 28-week induction protocol. In 75 dogs (cohort 1), this was followed by a maintenance phase consisting of vincristine, chlorambucil and actinomycin-D with a total treatment duration of two years...
January 18, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099476/whole-body-counter-evaluation-of-internal-radioactive-cesium-in-dogs-and-cats-exposed-to-the-fukushima-nuclear-disaster
#19
Seiichi Wada, Nobuhiko Ito, Masamichi Watanabe, Takehiko Kakizaki, Masahiro Natsuhori, Jun Kawamata, Yoshio Urayama
As a result of the 2011 nuclear incident that occurred at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant, a large number of abandoned dogs and cats were left within the disaster zone. A small number of these animals were rescued and cared for at shelters. Prior to the dispersal of these animals to their owners or fosterers, we evaluated the degree of internal radiocesium contamination using a specially designed whole-body counter. We conducted 863 non-invasive measurements of gamma rays due to internal radioactive cesium for 68 dogs and 120 cats at one shelter...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097286/-pain-therapy-in-small-pets
#20
Sabine Tacke, Andrea Gollwitzer, Lukas Grammel, Julia Henke
Although many advances in pain therapy have been made in recent years, pain therapy is more difficult in the small domestic animal than in cats and dogs. However, there is the ethical obligation that these animals also receive adequate pain therapy. An analgesic is rarely authorized for use in small pets, with pharmacological investigations often lacking and dosages frequently only determined empirically. The small size of the animals often requires a higher dose per kilogram bodyweight compared to cats and dogs...
February 9, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
keyword
keyword
34393
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"