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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243414/biomedical-device-innovation-methodology-applications-in-biophotonics
#1
Daniel M Beswick, Arjun Kaushik, Dylan Beinart, Sarah McGarry, Ming Khoon Yew, Brendan F Kennedy, Peter Luke Santa Maria
The process of medical device innovation involves an iterative method that focuses on designing innovative, device-oriented solutions that address unmet clinical needs. This process has been applied to the field of biophotonics with many notable successes. Device innovation begins with identifying an unmet clinical need and evaluating this need through a variety of lenses, including currently existing solutions for the need, stakeholders who are interested in the need, and the market that will support an innovative solution...
December 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241894/effects-of-transitioning-to-medicare-part-d-on-access-to-drugs-for-medical-conditions-among-dual-enrollees-with-cancer
#2
Alyce S Adams, Jeanne M Madden, Fang Zhang, Christine Y Lu, Dennis Ross-Degnan, Angelina Lee, Stephen B Soumerai, Dan Gilden, Neetu Chawla, Jennifer J Griggs
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of transitioning from Medicaid to Medicare Part D drug coverage on the use of noncancer treatments among dual enrollees with cancer. METHODS: We leveraged a representative 5% national sample of all fee-for-service dual enrollees in the United States (2004-2007) to evaluate the impact of the removal of caps on the number of reimbursable prescriptions per month (drug caps) under Part D on 1) prevalence and 2) average days' supply dispensed for antidepressants, antihypertensives, and lipid-lowering agents overall and by race (white and black)...
December 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241477/insights-from-the-front-lines-a-collection-of-stories-of-hta-impact-from-inahta-member-agencies
#3
Tara Schuller, Sophie Söderholm Werkö
This mini-theme contains six stories of health technology assessment (HTA) impact from member agencies of The International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment (INAHTA), which were originally shared at the 2015 and 2016 INAHTA Congresses. The INAHTA impact story sharing is an innovative network activity where member agency representatives share experiences of HTA impact in a loosely structured story format. Through this process, members gain insights from other agencies on new ways of thinking about and approaching HTA impact assessment...
January 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241476/inahta-impact-story-legislative-and-accreditation-requirements-for-office-based-surgery-in-australia
#4
David Tivey, Ning Ma, Joanna Duncan, Yasoba Atukorale, Robyn Lambert, Guy Maddern
BACKGROUND: There is growing trend for some surgical procedures previously performed in hospitals to be done in alternative settings, including office-based facilities. There has been some safety concerns reported in the media, which document serious adverse events following procedures performed in an office-based setting. To understand the current regulatory oversight of surgery in this setting ASERNIP-S conducted a review of the legislative and accreditation process governing these facilities in Australia...
January 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241437/the-swiss-mental-health-care-system
#5
Andres R Schneeberger, Bruce J Schwartz
The United States and Switzerland are among the world's wealthiest countries. Both are highly innovative and entrepreneurial, ranking high in global competitiveness and innovation and with similar liberal economies. This column highlights features of the health care system in Switzerland, a country with an exclusively private health insurance system, with federally mandated universal health insurance. Residents can choose from about 58 insurance companies. Switzerland regulates these companies and negotiates reimbursement rates...
December 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240621/30th-annual-aprn-legislative-update-improving-access-to-healthcare-one-state-at-a-time
#6
Susanne J Phillips
The Annual Legislative Update describes recent legislative changes to practice, reimbursement, and prescriptive authority that have the most impact on NPs and other advanced practice nurses across the country.
January 15, 2018: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239587/redefining-medical-care
#7
Lauren R Roth
President Donald J. Trump has said he will repeal the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and replace it with health savings accounts (HSAs). Conservatives have long preferred individual accounts to meet social welfare needs instead of more traditional entitlement programs. The types of "medical care" that can be reimbursed through an HSA are listed in section 213(d) of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) and include expenses "for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, or for the purpose of affecting any structure or function of the body...
2017: Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233529/innovating-patient-care-delivery-dsrip-s-interrupted-time-series-analysis-paradigm
#8
Amrita G Shenoy, Charles E Begley, Lee Revere, Stephen H Linder, Stephen P Daiger
INTRODUCTION: Adoption of Medicaid Section 1115 waiver is one of the many ways of innovating healthcare delivery system. The Delivery System Reform Incentive Payment (DSRIP) pool, one of the two funding pools of the waiver has four categories viz. infrastructure development, program innovation and redesign, quality improvement reporting and lastly, bringing about population health improvement. BACKGROUND: A metric of the fourth category, preventable hospitalization (PH) rate was analyzed in the context of eight conditions for two time periods, pre-reporting years (2010-2012) and post-reporting years (2013-2015) for two hospital cohorts, DSRIP participating and non-participating hospitals...
December 7, 2017: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232474/is-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-still-an-acceptable-option-in-primary-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-advanced-ovarian-cancer
#9
B J Monk, J K Chan
The role of intraperitoneal (i.p.) chemotherapy in treating newly diagnosed advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has been the subject of controversy for almost three decades. Three large intergroup phase III trials (GOG 104, 114, 172) have demonstrated a survival benefit associated with i.p. over intravenous (i.v.) therapy in advanced, low-volume EOC. Despite the positive clinical trial results and a subsequent National Cancer Institute alert in 2006, i.p. treatment has not been widely accepted as the standard of care in the United States and is infrequently used in Europe...
November 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228568/sitagliptin-and-oral-cancer-risk-in-type-2-diabetes-patients
#10
Chin-Hsiao Tseng
The reimbursement database of the Taiwan's National Health Insurance was used to evaluate oral cancer risk after sitagliptin use. Patients newly diagnosed of type 2 diabetes during 1999-2008 were recruited. A 1:1 propensity score matched-pair sample of 39195 ever users and 39195 never users were followed up until December 31, 2011. Cox regression incorporated with the inverse probability of treatment weighting using propensity score was used to estimate hazard ratios. Results showed that the overall hazard ratio was not statistically significant (0...
November 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227366/trends-in-physician-reimbursement-for-spinal-procedures-since-2010
#11
Joshua E Meyers, Jiefei Wang, Asham Khan, Jason M Davies, John Pollina
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To identify trends in spinal procedure reimbursement in our practice since 2010. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In an uncertain healthcare climate with continuous reform, trends in physician reimbursement are unclear. Market forces of supply and demand, legislation imposing penalties for quality measures, local competition, and geographic location have the potential to affect reimbursement...
December 8, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226443/lessons-from-analyzing-the-medical-costs-of-civilian-terror-victims-planning-resources-allocation-for-a-new-era-of-confrontations
#12
Eytan Ellenberg, Mark I Taragin, Jay R Hoffman, Osnat Cohen, Daniella Luft-Afik, Zvia Bar-On, Ishay Ostfeld
Policy Points: Across the globe, the threat from terrorist attacks is rising, which requires a careful assessment of long-term medical support. We found 3 major sources of costs: hospital expenditures, mental health services dedicated to acute stress reactions, and ambulatory follow-up. During the first year, most of the costs were related to hospitalization and support for stress relief. During the second year, ambulatory and rehabilitation costs continued to grow. Public health specialists should consider these major components of costs and their evolution over time to properly advise the medical and social authorities on allocating resources for the medical and nonmedical support of civilian casualties resulting from war or terror...
December 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225970/dialysis-provision-and-implications-of-health-economics-on-peritoneal-dialysis-utilization-a-review-from-a-malaysian-perspective
#13
REVIEW
Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf, Naren Kumar Surendra, Abdul Halim Abdul Gafor, Lai Seong Hooi, Sunita Bavanandan
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is managed by either lifesaving hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) or a kidney transplant. In Malaysia, the prevalence of dialysis-treated ESRD patients has shown an exponential growth from 504 per million population (pmp) in 2005 to 1155 pmp in 2014. There were 1046 pmp patients on HD and 109 pmp patients on PD in 2014. Kidney transplants are limited due to lack of donors. Malaysia adopts public-private financing model for dialysis. Majority of HD patients were treated in the private sector but almost all PD patients were treated in government facilities...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221297/current-status-of-asthma-care-in-south-korea-nationwide-the-health-insurance-review-and-assessment-service-database
#14
Joon Young Choi, Hyoung Kyu Yoon, Jae Ha Lee, Kwang Ha Yoo, Bo Yeon Kim, Hye Won Bae, Young Kyoon Kim, Chin Kook Rhee
Background: Quality control is important for patients with asthma because of its prevalence and because the social burden is substantial. This study analyzed the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) database to assess asthma quality control in South Korea. Methods: We investigated the HIRA nationwide database for reimbursed insurance claims from all medical institutions in South Korea from July 2013 to June 2014. The number of patients with asthma were evaluated and the medical institutions were categorized by type of medical institution...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218599/rich-and-well-educated-are-these-requirements-necessary-to-claim-healthcare-tax-credits-in-italy
#15
Elenka Brenna
BACKGROUND: The paper investigates the use of healthcare tax credits (HTCs) in Italy through the analysis of a panel data, which provides information on individual income tax from 2008 to 2014. There is evidence of disparities in the per-capita HTCs between Northern and Southern regions, which need to be analyzed and addressed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the paper is to investigate the socioeconomic determinants in the use of Healthcare Tax Credits in Italy. METHODS: A fixed effects Ordinary Least Square model is run to analyze the impact of selected socioeconomic variables on regional per capita HTCs, with a particular focus on the role of education...
December 7, 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217468/availability-of-hepatitis-c-diagnostics-and-therapeutics-in-european-and-eurasia-countries
#16
Hakan Leblebicioglu, Joop E Arends, Resat Ozaras, Giampaolo Corti, Lurdes Santos, Christoph Boesecke, Andrew Ustianowski, Ann-Sofi Duberg, Simona Ruta, Nermin N Salkic, Petr Husa, Ivana Lazarevic, Juan A Pineda, Natalia Yurievna Pshenichnaya, Tengiz Tsertswadze, Mojca Matičič, Edmond Puca, Gulzhan Abuova, Judit Gervain, Ramin Bayramli, Salih Ahmeti, Mairi Koulentaki, Badreddine Kilani, Adriana Vince, Francesco Negro, Mustafa Sunbul, Dominique Salmon
BACKGROUND: Treatment with direct acting antiviral agents (DAAs) has provided sustained virological response rates in >95% of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However treatment is costly and market access, reimbursement and governmental restrictions differ among countries. We aimed to analyze these differences among European and Eurasian countries. METHODS: A survey including 20-item questionnaire was sent to experts in viral hepatitis...
December 4, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216841/medical-overuse-and-quaternary-prevention-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-study-with-general-practitioners
#17
Kathrin Alber, Thomas Kuehlein, Angela Schedlbauer, Susann Schaffer
BACKGROUND: Medical overuse is a topic of growing interest in health care systems and especially in primary care. It comprises both over investigation and overtreatment. Quaternary prevention strategies aim at protecting patients from unnecessary or harmful medicine. The objective of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of relevant aspects of medical overuse in primary care from the perspective of German general practitioners (GPs). We focused on the scope, consequences and drivers of medical overuse and strategies to reduce it (=quaternary prevention)...
December 8, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216345/effect-of-influenza-vaccination-against-postoperative-pneumonia-and-mortality-for-geriatric-patients-receiving-major-surgery-a-nationwide-matched-study
#18
Wan-Chi Liu, Chao-Shun Lin, Chun-Chieh Yeh, Hsin-Yun Wu, Yuarn-Jang Lee, Chi-Li Chung, Yih-Giun Cherng, Ta-Liang Chen, Chien-Chang Liao
Background: Limited information is available on the association between a influenza vaccination and postoperative outcomes. Methods: Using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database reimbursement claims data from 2008 to 2013, we conducted a matched cohort study of 16,903 patients over age 66 who received influenza vaccinations and later underwent major surgery. Using propensity score matching procedure adjusted for socio-demographics, medical conditions, types of surgery and anesthesia, 16,903 controls who were not vaccinated were selected...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214812/prevalence-and-implementation-practices-of-school-salad-bars-across-grade-levels
#19
Meg Bruening, Marc A Adams, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati, Jane Hurley
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of school salad bars in Arizona and to describe common practices of salad bar use among school nutrition managers across grade level. DESIGN: Cross-sectional web-based surveys. PARTICIPANTS: School nutrition managers from elementary, middle, high, and K-12 schools (N = 648). MEASURES: Prevalence of salad bars; implementation practices such as years with salad bar, salad bar type, location, monitor, and reimbursement practices; and food-related components of salad bars including frequency of items, popular items, and sources of food...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214596/preparing-for-the-future-of-rare-diseases
#20
Stephen C Groft, Manuel Posada de la Paz
Members of the rare disease community have devoted significant financial and personnel resources to address the numerous issues surrounding rare diseases. The past has been devoted to developing an emphasis on rare diseases including an emphasis on research studies or locating information on rare diseases and the requirements and limitations of conducting clinical trials with small patient populations. The expanded role of patient advocacy organizations and patient engagement in all aspects of clinical research continues to gain acceptance within the research community...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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