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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528126/emotional-intelligence-increases-over-time-a-longitudinal-study-of-australian-pre-registration-nursing-students
#1
Kim Foster, Judith Fethney, Heather McKenzie, Murray Fisher, Emily Harkness, Desirée Kozlowski
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) has been associated with positive outcomes for nursing students. Higher EI is associated with personal wellbeing and stress management, higher academic performance, stronger nursing leadership and practice performance, and greater patient safety. While there is an increasing body of evidence on nursing students' EI, there is minimal evidence on EI over time during pre-registration programs. OBJECTIVES: To measure EI in pre-registration nursing students from program commencement to conclusion to ascertain EI over time and examine the relationship between EI and academic performance...
May 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527577/resistance-to-thyroid-hormone-due-to-heterozygous-mutations-in-thyroid-hormone-receptor-alpha
#2
Anja L M van Gucht, Carla Moran, Marcel E Meima, W Edward Visser, Krishna Chatterjee, Theo J Visser, Robin P Peeters
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormone (TH) acts via nuclear thyroid hormone receptors (TRs). TR isoforms (TRα1, TRα2, TRβ1, TRβ2) are encoded by distinct genes (THRA and THRB) and show differing tissue distributions. Patients with mutations in THRB, exhibiting resistance within the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis with elevated TH and nonsuppressed thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels, were first described decades ago. In 2012, the first patients with mutations in THRA were identified...
2017: Current Topics in Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527122/effects-of-cigarette-smoke-exposure-during-suckling-on-food-intake-fat-mass-hormones-and-biochemical-profile-of-young-and-adult-female-rats
#3
Patricia Cristina Lisboa, Patricia Novaes Soares, Thamara Cherem Peixoto, Janaine Cavalcanti Carvalho, Camila Calvino, Vanessa Silva Tavares Rodrigues, Dayse Nascimento Bernardino, Viviane Younes-Rapozo, Alex Christian Manhães, Elaine de Oliveira, Egberto Gaspar de Moura
PURPOSE: Children from smoking mothers have a higher risk of developing obesity and associated comorbidities later in life. Different experimental models have been used to assess the mechanisms involved with this increased risk. Using a rat model of neonatal nicotine exposure via implantation of osmotic minipumps in lactating dams, we have previously shown marked sexual dimorphisms regarding metabolic and endocrine outcomes in the adult progeny. Considering that more than four thousand substances are found in tobacco smoke besides nicotine, we then studied a rat model of neonatal tobacco smoke exposure: adult male offspring had hyperphagia, obesity, hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, secondary hyperthyroidism and lower adrenal hormones...
May 19, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526543/thyroid-hormone-biosynthesis-machinery-is-altered-in-the-ischemic-myocardium-an-epigenomic-study
#4
Carolina Gil-Cayuela, Esther Roselló-LLetí, Estefanía Tarazón, Ana Ortega, Juan Sandoval, Luis Martínez-Dolz, Juan Cinca, Esther Jorge, José Ramón González-Juanatey, Francisca Lago, Miguel Rivera, Manuel Portolés
BACKGROUND: Abnormal thyroid hormone (TH) metabolism is significantly associated with impaired left ventricular (LV) function and death. Although TH was traditionally thought to be produced exclusively by the thyroid gland, an increasing number of studies report TH production in other tissues. Based on these findings, we evaluated whether the genes required for TH biosynthesis are expressed in the human heart, and whether their expression is altered in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) and is related to epigenetic variations...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525383/histogram-analysis-of-diffusion-kurtosis-imaging-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-correlation-between-quantitative-parameters-and-clinical-stage
#5
Xiao-Quan Xu, Gao Ma, Yan-Jun Wang, Hao Hu, Guo-Yi Su, Hai-Bin Shi, Fei-Yun Wu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation between histogram parameters derived from diffusion-kurtosis (DK) imaging and the clinical stage of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). RESULTS: High T-stage (T3/4) NPC showed significantly higher Kapp-mean (P = 0.018), Kapp-median (P = 0.029) and Kapp-90th (P = 0.003) than low T-stage (T1/2) NPC. High N-stage NPC (N2/3) showed significantly lower Dapp-mean (P = 0.002), Dapp-median (P = 0.002) and Dapp-10th (P < 0.001) than low N-stage NPC (N0/1)...
May 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522433/beneficial-and-harmful-effects-of-educative-suicide-prevention-websites-randomised-controlled-trial-exploring-papageno-v-werther-effects
#6
Benedikt Till, Ulrich S Tran, Martin Voracek, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler
BackgroundSuicide prevention organisations frequently use websites to educate the public, but evaluations of these websites are lacking.AimsTo examine the effects of educative websites and the moderating effect of participant vulnerability.MethodA total of 161 adults were randomised to either view an educative website on suicide prevention or an unrelated website in a single-blinded randomised controlled trial (trial registration with the American Economic Association's registry: RCT-ID: 000924). The primary outcome was suicidal ideation; secondary outcomes were mood, suicide-prevention-related knowledge and attitudes towards suicide/seeking professional help...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522147/cardiovascular-risk-in-advanced-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-infected-patients-starting-antiretroviral-therapy-comparison-of-three-different-regimens-prevaleat-ii-cohort
#7
Paolo Maggi, Chiara Bellacosa, Armando Leone, Anna Volpe, Elena Delfina Ricci, Nicoletta Ladisa, Stefania Cicalini, Elisabetta Grilli, Rosaria Viglietti, Antonio Chirianni, Lara Ines Bellazzi, Renato Maserati, Canio Martinelli, Paola Corsi, Benedetto Maurizio Celesia, Federica Sozio, Gioacchino Angarano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: PREVALEAT (PREmature VAscular LEsions and Antiretroviral Therapy) II is a multicenter, longitudinal cohort study aimed at the evaluation of cardiovascular risk among advanced HIV-positive, treatment-naïve patients starting their first therapy. We hypothesized that these patients, present a higher cardiovascular (CV) risk. METHODS: The study included all consecutive naïve patients with less than 200 CD4 cells/ml starting antiretroviral therapy...
May 5, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521408/high-expression-of-egfr-predicts-poor-survival-in-patients-with-resected-t3-stage-gastric-adenocarcinoma-and-promotes-cancer-cell-survival
#8
Daiyong Wang, Bing Wang, Ruohan Wang, Zaizhong Zhang, Youdong Lin, Guoliang Huang, Songbin Lin, Yifan Jiang, Wenyuan Wang, Lie Wang, Qiaojia Huang
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is an essential regulator and biomarker of several types of cancer. However, the association between its expression and prognosis in patients with resected T3 stage gastric adenocarcinoma (RT3-GA) remains to be determined. In total, 683 patients with resectable T3-GA who underwent surgery were retrospectively included in the present study, and their immunohistochemical data for EGFR expression were collected. The associations between the patients' clinicopathologic characteristics and EGFR immunohistochemistry data were analyzed by multiple statistical methods...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521033/lymph-node-metastases-in-thymic-malignancies-a-chinese-alliance-for-research-in-thymomas-retrospective-database-analysis%C3%A2
#9
Zhitao Gu, Yucheng Wei, Jianhua Fu, Lijie Tan, Peng Zhang, Yongtao Han, Chun Chen, Renquan Zhang, Yin Li, Keneng Chen, Hezhong Chen, Yongyu Liu, Youbing Cui, Yun Wang, Liewen Pang, Zhentao Yu, Xinming Zhou, Yangchun Liu, Yi Shen, Wentao Fang
OBJECTIVES: Lymphatic involvement is believed to be relatively rare in thymic epithelial tumours. The incidence and prognostic significance of nodal metastases are still unclear. The goal of this study was to define the incidence and prognostic relevance of nodal metastasis in patients with thymic epithelial tumours, using a nationwide retrospective database of the Chinese Alliance for Research in Thymomas. METHODS: Patients who underwent upfront surgical resection without preoperative therapy were enrolled for the study...
May 18, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520577/the-effects-of-remifentanil-on-hemodynamic-response-attenuation-after-electroconvulsive-therapy-under-sevoflurane-anesthesia
#10
Feray Erdil, Ulku Ozgul, Mukadder Şanli, Gülay Kayhan, Cemil Çolak, Mahmut Durmuş
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effects of a single loading dose of remifentanil (1 μg/kg) administered as an adjunct to sevoflurane, on the duration of seizure activity, recovery times, and hemodynamic profiles, during electroconvulsive therapy. METHODS: The patients were randomly allocated to receive sevoflurane-saline (Group SS) or sevoflurane-remifentanil (Group SR). Sevoflurane (8%) was initiated for anesthesia induction in both groups until loss of consciousness was achieved...
May 18, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515933/evaluation-of-a-multiprofessional-nonsurgical-obesity-treatment-program-which-parameters-indicated-life-style-changes-and-weight-loss
#11
Pjanic, Roland Müller, Markus Laimer, Niels Hagenbuch, Kurt Laederach, Zeno Stanga
BACKGROUND: According to the current evidence, behavior modifications are an effective part of a non-surgical multiprofessional obesity treatment program (MOTP). The purpose of the present study was to report changes in weight as well in psychological variables during a one year MOTP. We aimed to identify the associations of emotional state and patients' emotion regulation skills with weight change. METHODS: Prospective interventional study. Data of participants attending the one year obesity treatment in either a group or individual structured MOTP were analyzed...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515655/effect-of-calcium-lactate-on-physico-chemical-characteristics-of-shank-bone-extract
#12
Jung-Seok Choi, Sang-Keun Jin, Yeong-Seok Choi, Jin-Kyu Lee, Ji-Taek Jung, Yang-Il Choi, Hyun-Joo Lee, Jae-Joon Lee
This study was conducted to develop calcium-fortified shank bone extract (SBE) and to determine the effect of adding calcium lactate on physico-chemical characteristics of SBE during cold storage. The following five experiment groups were used: Control (0%, no addition), T1 (0.05% calcium lactate), T2 (0.1% calcium lactate), T3 (0.5% calcium lactate), and T4 (1% calcium lactate). When the concentration of calcium lactate added to the SBE was increased, the pH, redness, and yellowness values were significantly reduced, whereas the salinity, sugar content, and turbidity of SBE were significantly increased...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515651/effect-of-gleditsia-sinensis-lam-extract-on-physico-chemical-properties-of-emulsion-type-pork-sausages
#13
Sang-Keun Jin, Han-Sul Yang, Jung-Seok Choi
This study was performed to investigate the effect of Gleditsia sinensis Lam. extract on the physicochemical properties of emulsion-type pork sausages during storage at 10°C for 4 wk. Treatments were as follows: (C, control; T1, sodium ascorbate 0.05%; T2, Gleditsia sinensis Lam. 0.05%; T3, Gleditsia sinensis Lam. 0.1%; T4, Gleditsia sinensis Lam. 0.2%; T5, Gleditsia sinensis Lam. 0.1% + sodium ascorbate 0.05%). The values of pH, moisture content, lightness, redness, and sensory attributes were all significantly decreased, while the yellowness, chroma, hue angle, and texture properties were increased during storage with increase of the Gleditsia sinensis Lam...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515456/metabolomic-analysis-shows-differential-hepatic-effects-of-t2-and-t3-in-rats-after-short-term-feeding-with-high-fat-diet
#14
Liliana F Iannucci, Federica Cioffi, Rosalba Senese, Fernando Goglia, Antonia Lanni, Paul M Yen, Rohit A Sinha
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major health problem worldwide, and is often associated with lipotoxic injury, defective mitochondrial function, and insulin resistance. Thyroid hormones (THs) are important regulators of hepatic lipid metabolism. Among the THs, diiodothyronine (T2) and triiodothyronine (T3) have shown promising results in lowering hepatic fat content in various models of NAFLD. In this study, we used a targeted metabolomics approach to investigate the differential effects of T2 and T3 on the early metabolic adaptation in the livers of rats fed high fat diet (HFD), a period when hepatosteatosis is reversible...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514284/comparison-in-anesthetic-effects-of-propofol-among-patients-with-different-abo-blood-groups
#15
Yiri Du, Haixia Shi, Jianshe Yu
Our study was aimed to investigate anesthetic effects of propofol in patients with different blood groups.A total of 72 participants were enrolled from patients arranged for surgeries of cholecystectomy, tonsillectomy, and spinal operation. Each blood group (A, B, AB, and O) contained 18 participants. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), and bispectral index (BIS) were assayed with Philips monitor. These indexes were observed before propofol anesthesia (T0), and then were recorded when concentration of propofol was 1 μg/mL (T1), 2 μg/mL (T2), 3 μg/mL (T3), and 4 μg/mL (T4)...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512616/surgical-management-of-syringomyelia-associated-with-spinal-adhesive-arachnoiditis-a-late-complication-of-tuberculous-meningitis-a-case-report
#16
Jun Seok Lee, Geun Sung Song, Dong Wuk Son
Syringomyelia associated with tuberculous meningitis is an extremely rare condition. Only a few studies have reported clinical experience with syringomyelia as a late complication of tuberculous meningitis. Twenty-six years after a tuberculous meningitis episode, a 44-year-old man presented with progressively worsening spastic paresis of the lower limbs and impaired urinary function for 2 years. Radiological examination revealed syringomyelia extending from the level of C2 to T9 and arachnoiditis with atrophy of the spinal cord between C2 and T3...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511899/signaling-pathways-to-and-from-the-hypophysial-pars-tuberalis-an-important-center-for-the-control-of-seasonal-rhythms
#17
REVIEW
Horst-Werner Korf
Seasonal (circannual) rhythms play an important role for the control of body functions (reproduction, metabolism, immune responses) in nearly all living organisms. Also humans are affected by the seasons with regard to immune responses and mental functions, the seasonal affective disorder being one of the most prominent examples. The hypophysial pars tuberalis (PT), an important interface between the hypophysial pars distalis and neuroendocrine centers in the brain, plays an essential role in the regulation of seasonal functions and may even be the seat of the circannual clock...
May 13, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508764/current-incidence-of-different-morphological-types-of-malignant-metastases-to-the-spine-based-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#18
Grzegorz Guzik
BACKGROUND: Malignant tumours particularly often metastasise to the spine, causing considerable pain and limiting the patient's physical function. Standard therapy consists in surgical treatment with adjuvant radiotherapy. The qualification for surgery is a multifaceted process and detailed analysis of the morphology of the metastasis is a key factor. Numerous types of classification of metastatic lesions exist, among which the Tomita system, based on MRI findings, appears to be the most practical...
April 12, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507925/stratified-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-a-novel-target-for-prognostic-prediction-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-curative-liver-resection
#19
Gui-Qian Huang, Ji-Na Zheng, Tian-Tian Zou, Yi-Ran Chen, Ke-Qing Shi, Sven Van Poucke, Zhang Cheng, Lu-Yi Ruan, Ming-Hua Zheng
Background and Aims: Platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) has been shown to predict prognosis of cancers. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of stratification of PLR in patients after curative liver resection (CLR) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: A total of 1804 patients who underwent CLR for suspected HCC between January 2007 and January 2014 were screened for the study. All of the patients were categorized into equal tertiles according to the number of patients and the distribution of PLR...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507615/no-association-between-25-oh-vitamin-d-level-and-hypothyroidism-among-females
#20
Imad R Musa, Gasim I Gasim, Sajjad Khan, Ibrahim A Ibrahim, Hamdi Abo-Alazm, Ishag Adam
AIM: The aim was to investigate serum vitamin D (25-OH) level among females with hypothyroidism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study (58 in each arm) was conducted in Arar Central Hospital, Kingdom Saudi Arabia. The cases were females with hypothyroidism, and healthy females were controls. TSH, thyroid hormones: Free T3 (FT3) and Free T4 (FT4) and haemoglobin levels were measured in all participants. Serum vitamin D (25-OH) level was measured using the spectrophotometry...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
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