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Muscle referral

Johan A de Bruijn, Aniek P M van Zantvoort, Michiel B Winkes, Marike van der Cruijsen-Raaijmakers, Adwin R Hoogeveen, Joep A W Teijink, Marc R M Scheltinga
Background: Lower leg chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is usually diagnosed in young and athletic individuals. The presence of CECS in older patients has received little attention in the literature, and patient characteristics are unknown. Purpose: To determine the prevalence of CECS in older patients (≥50 years) and to assess whether older patients with CECS differ clinically from younger patients with CECS. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Anne Flavia Silva Galindo Santana, Pedro Caruso, Pauliane Vieira Santana, Gislaine Cristina Lopes Machado Porto, Luiz Paulo Kowalski, Jose Guilherme Vartanian
BACKGROUND: Inspiratory strength after a neck dissection has not been evaluated, and diaphragm function has not been adequately evaluated. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate diaphragm mobility and inspiratory strength after neck dissection. METHODS: Prospective data collection of a consecutive series of adult patients submitted to neck dissection for head and neck cancer treatment, in a tertiary referral cancer center, from January to September 2014, with 30 days of follow-up...
March 5, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Mamunur Rashid, Jorma Heikkonen, Arun D Singh, Tero T Kivelä
PURPOSE: To build multivariate models to assess correctly and efficiently the contribution of tumor characteristics on the rate of regression of choroidal melanomas after brachytherapy in a way that adjusts for confounding and takes into account variation in tumor regression patterns. DESIGN: Modeling of longitudinal observational data. PARTICIPANTS: Ultrasound images from 330 of 388 consecutive choroidal melanomas (87%) irradiated from 2000 through 2008 at the Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland, a national referral center...
February 27, 2018: Ophthalmology
Arun K Gosain, Harvey Chim, Walter M Sweeney
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigates the efficacy of performing a "palate rerepair" utilizing a double-opposing z-palatoplasty (DOZ) following primary Furlow palatoplasty. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral academic center for craniofacial surgery. PATIENTS: 15 consecutive patients who presented with velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) after primary Furlow palatoplasty. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: All subjects were evaluated using the perceptual speech assessment (PSA) scale...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Filofteia Tacea, Edward Loane, Andre Grixti, Ian B Marsh, Kimia Ziahosseini
PURPOSE: Rectus muscle resection in thyroid eye disease (TED) is generally avoided due to the risk of worsening restriction or reactivating inflammation. However, for some patients with large-angle strabismus or diplopia in primary gaze despite maximum recession surgery, rectus muscle resection may be beneficial. We report our surgical experience with rectus muscle resection in the management of vertical strabismus associated with TED. METHODS: Retrospective review of eight patients with TED and vertical diplopia who underwent vertical rectus muscle resection by a single surgeon (IBM) at a tertiary referral centre in Liverpool, UK, from 2001 to 2013...
February 27, 2018: Strabismus
J Lim, A van Royen-Kerkhof, R E Jonkers, M V Starink, A E Voskuyl, A J van der Kooi
Idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM), commonly referred to as "myositis", is a rare but treatable auto-immune disease that is often misdiagnosed or diagnosed after significant delay. Using three clinical case reports as introductory examples, an overview is given - and pitfalls are discussed - of the diagnosis and treatment of myositis. Disease features are often extra-muscular in nature, may vary considerably between patients, and are frequently non-specific. Myositis-related morbidity is high and myositis can be fatal, mainly due to cancer and interstitial lung disease...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Alessandro Mirra, Micaël David Klopfenstein Bregger, Olivier Louis Levionnois
A 15-year-old Selle Francais gelding was presented to the equine referral hospital for treatment of a left guttural pouch mycosis previously diagnosed. After induction, the horse was shortly hoisted by all four feet, moved on a padded surgical table, and positioned in right lateral recumbency. In order to reduce the risk of bleeding during surgical manipulation of the carotid and maxillary arteries, a mean arterial pressure between 60 and 70 mmHg was targeted. After surgery, the horse was moved in a padded recovery box keeping the same lateral recumbency...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
P Kay Nottingham Chaplin, Kira Baldonado, Geoffrey E Bradford, Susan Cotter, Bruce Moore
Current evidence-based and best practice vision screening and eye health approaches, tools, and procedures are the result of revised national guidelines in the past 3 years and advances in research during the last 16 years. To help the busy school nurse with little time to keep up with changes in children's vision practices and a growing body of literature, the National Center for Children's Vision and Eye Health at Prevent Blindness is providing answers to 20 questions received most often from the field. Question topics are: (1) arranging the screening environment, (2) occluders to cover the eyes during vision screening, (3) optotype-based screening at distance, (4) optotype-based screening at near, (5) instrument-based screening, (6) muscle imbalance screening, (7) referrals, and (8) vision screening certification...
March 2018: NASN School Nurse
Melanie Walker, R Christopher Doiron, Simon D French, Kelly Brennan, Deb Feldman-Stewart, D Robert Siemens, William J Mackillop, Christopher M Booth
Background: Utilization of chemotherapy for patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) is low. In earlier qualitative work we used the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) to determine barriers and enablers of chemotherapy use. In this project we aimed to determine the prevalence of these barriers and enablers in Canadian physicians. Methods: Practicing Canadian urologists, medical oncologists (MOs) and radiation oncologists (ROs) participated in a specialty-specific web-based quantitative survey to assess potential barriers and enablers to chemotherapy use...
January 20, 2018: Bladder Cancer
Priyesh N Patel, Edmond K Kabagambe, Jennifer C Starkweather, Matthew Keller, Vahram Gamsarian, Jane Lee, Vishnutheert Kulkarni, C Gaelyn Garrett, David O Francis
Importance: The relative outcomes of onabotulinum toxin A injections for treatment of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD), ADSD with lateral laryngeal tremor (ADSD+LT), and lateral LT without ADSD are unclear. Objective: To compare the outcomes of onabotulinum toxin A treatment on ADSD, ADSD+LT, and lateral LT without ADSD. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study was conducted from January 1, 1990, to September 30, 2016, at a tertiary referral voice center...
February 8, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Chamara Jayamanne, Lakkumar Fernando, Sachith Mettananda
BACKGROUND: Foot drop is a disabling clinical condition with multiplicity of causes, which requires detailed evaluation to identify the exact aetiology. Here, we report an extremely rare cause of foot drop in a child, which if not recognized early, could lead to multiple complications. CASE PRESENTATION: A 6-year-old girl presented with difficulty in walking and left sided foot droop for1-month duration. On examination she had reduced muscle power in dorsiflexors and plantar flexors and diminished knee and absent ankle jerk in the left side...
February 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Kunasilan Subramaniam, Mary N Sheppard
OBJECTIVES: Aortic dissection (AD) can be a challenging diagnosis. At autopsy, the aorta may not be dilated and intimal tears may be missed or found without obvious rupture or haemorrhage. We report our experience of AD at a tertiary referral centre with review of 32 cases and discuss 2 unusual complications. METHODS/RESULTS: 32 cases of which 12 females and 20 male and 18 out of 32 cases were aged below 40. All of the cases were examined macroscopically and microscopically...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Lily Wu, Lauren Brady, John Shoffner, Mark A Tarnopolsky
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular disorders are a phenotypically and genotypically diverse group of diseases that can be difficult to diagnose accurately because of overlapping clinical features and nonspecific muscle pathology. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is a high-throughput technology that can be used as a more time- and cost-effective tool for identifying molecular diagnoses for complex genetic conditions, such as neuromuscular disorders. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-nine patients referred to a Canadian neuromuscular clinic for evaluation of possible muscle disease were screened with an NGS panel of muscular dystrophy-associated genes...
January 31, 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
A Jeandel, L S Garosi, L Davies, L T Guo, R Salgüero, G D Shelton
A 9-year-old Border terrier was presented to a referral hospital after a 1-year history of progressive stiffness and exercise intolerance. Neurological examination was consistent with a neuromuscular disorder. Serum creatine kinase activity was mildly elevated. A myopathy was suspected based on MRI findings and electrophysiological examination. Muscle histopathology was consistent with a severe non-inflammatory myopathy of a dystrophic type. Immunofluorescence and western blotting confirmed a dystrophinopathy with an 80-kDa truncated dystrophin fragment similar to Becker muscular dystrophy in people...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Willem Pondaag, Finn Y van Driest, Justus L Groen, Martijn J A Malessy
OBJECTIVE The object of this study was to assess the advantages and disadvantages of early nerve repair within 2 weeks following adult traumatic brachial plexus injury (ATBPI). METHODS From 2009 onwards, the authors have strived to repair as early as possible extended C-5 to C-8 or T-1 lesions or complete loss of C-5 to C-6 or C-7 function in patients in whom there was clinical and radiological suspicion of root avulsion. Among a group of 36 patients surgically treated in the period between 2009 and 2011, surgical findings in those who had undergone treatment within 2 weeks after trauma were retrospectively compared with results in those who had undergone delayed treatment...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Mauro Monforte, Guido Primiano, Gabriella Silvestri, Massimiliano Mirabella, Marco Luigetti, Cristina Cuccagna, Enzo Ricci, Serenella Servidei, Giorgio Tasca
Sporadic late-onset nemaline myopathy (SLONM) is a rare acquired myopathy characterized by rapid-onset proximal weakness in late adulthood, and the presence of nemaline bodies on muscle biopsy. In recent years, several therapeutic interventions, including immunomodulating agents and autologous stem cell transplantation, have shown variable degrees of efficacy in different patients, but no consensus has been reached to allow an effective tailoring of treatments in this severe disease. We performed a retrospective evaluation of clinical, pathological, laboratory, muscle MRI, and follow-up data of SLONM patients diagnosed in the period 2010-2015 in our neuromuscular center...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Neurology
Elizabeth Ball, Sian Newton, Brennan C Kahan, Gordon Forbes, Neil Wright, Clara Cantalapiedra Calvete, Harry A L Gibson, Ewelina Rogozinska, Carol Rivas, Stephanie J C Taylor, Judy Birch, Julie Dodds
BACKGROUND: Female chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is defined as intermittent or constant pelvic or lower abdominal pain occurring in a woman for at least 6 months. Up to a quarter of women are estimated to be affected by CPP worldwide and it is responsible for one fifth of specialist gynecological referrals in the United Kingdom. Psychological interventions are commonly utilized. As waiting times and funding capacity impede access to face-to-face consultations, supported self-management (SSM) has emerged as a viable alternative...
January 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
George Dafnis
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the surgical and functional outcomes of our single institution's 15-year experience with surgically treated rectourethral fistulas using a modification of the York Mason technique. METHODS: Prospectively recorded data between 2002 and 2016 of all patients who underwent transsphincteric repair of rectourethral fistula using a modified York Mason technique at Eskilstuna County Hospital, Eskilstuna, Sweden, were assessed. A total of 20 consecutive patients, including 17 referrals (85%) and three patients (15%) from our hospital have undergone the modified York Mason procedure...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
Melanie Walker, R Christopher Doiron, Simon D French, Deb Feldman-Stewart, D Robert Siemens, William J Mackillop, Christopher M Booth
INTRODUCTION: Use of chemotherapy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) is known to be low. To understand factors driving practice we use the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) to identify barriers and enablers of chemotherapy use. METHODS: A convenience sample of Canadian urologists, medical oncologists (MOs) and radiation oncologists (ROs) participated in individual, semi-structured, one-hour telephone interviews. An interview guide was developed using the TDF to assess potential barriers and enablers of chemotherapy use...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Bary Berghmans
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) in women is a complex syndrome. Pain sensation and intensity often do not correspond with the identified lesion location but are felt elsewhere, leading to muskuloskeletal and myofascial disorders and sexual dysfunction (SD). Although physical aspects are prevalent, they are often underdiagnosed and undertreated due to lack of understanding regarding its origin and distribution. Frequently, patients experience pelvic pain as psychological distress resulting in physical complaints, leading clinicians to prescribe medication or surgical intervention to correct or alleviate these symptoms, often with insufficient results...
January 9, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
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