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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342998/field-evaluation-of-cucurbit-yellow-stunting-disorder-virus-transmission-by-bemisia-tabaci
#1
S J Castle, J P Palumbo, P Merten
Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (CYSDV) is a whitefly-transmitted Crinivirus (Closteroviridae) that impacts melon production in many parts of the world including the USA. It has been responsible for melon crop loss in the southwestern U.S. since 2006 when it was first identified. Control strategies have revolved mainly around chemical control, but research to identify suitable products and approaches to implementing them has lagged. The current study investigated the performance of four systemic insecticides in the field while concurrently tracking CYSDV disease progression after controlled and natural whitefly inoculation of young melon plants...
March 22, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332044/no-difference-between-cemented-and-cementless-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-young-patients-a-review-of-the-evidence
#2
REVIEW
Edoardo Franceschetti, Guglielmo Torre, Alessio Palumbo, Rocco Papalia, Jón Karlsson, Olufemi R Ayeni, Kristian Samuelsson, Francesco Franceschi
PURPOSE: The present piece of work provides improved knowledge about the evidence related to TKA in patients 60 years of age or younger, with special focus on fixation methods. Main concern of the review is to analyse the difference of survival rate and complications of cemented and cementless implants. METHODS: An electronic search was carried out between October and December 2015, through CINAHL, PubMed and the Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials web databases...
March 22, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324801/schwannoma-of-the-descending-loop-of-the-hypoglossal-nerve-case-report
#3
Giulio Illuminati, Giulia Pizzardi, Rocco Pasqua, Piergaspare Palumbo, Francesco Vietri
INTRODUCTION: Schwannomas of the descending loop of the hypoglossal nerve are very rare. They are slow-growing tumors that may masquerade a carotid body tumor. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 60-year-old female was referred for a latero-cervical mass appearing as a chemodectoma at CT-scan. At operation, a 2cm mass arising from the descending loop of the hypoglossal nerve was resected en bloc with the loop itself and a functional lymphadenectomy was associated. Post-operative course was uneventful and the patient is free from disease recurrence at one year follow-up...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320457/mediastinal-syndrome-from-plasmablastic-lymphoma-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-human-herpes-virus-8-negative-patient-with-polycythemia-vera-a-case-report
#4
Massimo Cajozzo, Vincenzo Davide Palumbo, Salvatore Buscemi, Giuseppe Damiano, Ada Maria Florena, Daniela Cabibi, Francesco Raffaele, Antonino Alessio Anzalone, Federica Fatica, Gerlando Cocchiara, Salvatore Dioguardi, Antonio Bruno, Francesco Paolo Caronia, Attilio Ignazio Lo Monte
BACKGROUND: Plasmoblastic lymphoma is a rare and aggressive subtype of diffuse large B cell lymphoma, which occurs usually in the jaw of immunocompromised subjects. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the occurrence of plasmoblastic lymphoma in the mediastinum and chest wall skin of an human immunodeficiency virus-negative 63-year-old Caucasian man who had had polycytemia vera 7 years before. At admission, the patient showed a superior vena cava syndrome, with persistent dyspnoea, cough, and distension of the jugular veins...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318396/commentary-a-proposed-definition-of-microbiota-transplantation-for-regulatory-purposes
#5
Diane E Hoffmann, Francis B Palumbo, Jacques Ravel, Virginia Rowthorn, Erik von Rosenvinge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314317/statins-protect-against-acute-rt-related-rectal-toxicity-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer-an-observational-prospective-study
#6
Isabella Palumbo, Fabio Matrone, Giampaolo Montesi, Rita Bellavita, Marco Lupattelli, Simonetta Saldi, Alessandro Frattegiani, Eleonora Arena, Cristina Mariucci, Lorenzo Falcinelli, Vittorio Bini, Cynthia Aristei
AIM: To analyze risk factors for acute rectal toxicity during hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 195 patients received 74.25 Gy in 33 fractions to the prostate and, if involved, to the seminal vescicles (SV). When the risk of SV involvement was >15% according to the Roach's formula, they received 62 Gy in 33 fractions. Overall, 107/195 patients (54.87%) received hormonal therapy (luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analogue, anti-androgen, or both)...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314291/biparametric-versus-multiparametric-mri-with-non-endorectal-coil-at-3t-in-the-detection-and-localization-of-prostate-cancer
#7
Michele Scialpi, Enrico Prosperi, Alfredo D'Andrea, Eugenio Martorana, Corrado Malaspina, Barbara Palumbo, Agostino Orlandi, Giuseppe Falcone, Michele Milizia, Luigi Mearini, Maria Cristina Aisa, Pietro Scialpi, Carlo DE Domincis, Giampaolo Bianchi, Angelo Sidoni
AIM: To assess the sensitivity of biparametric magnetic resonance imaging (bpMRI) with non-endorectal coil in the detection and localization of index (dominant) and non-index lesions in patients suspected of having prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried-out a retrospective analysis of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) of 41 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy. Results of MRI for detection and localization of index and non-index lesions were correlated with those of histology...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306371/carfilzomib-and-dexamethasone-vs-bortezomib-and-dexamethasone-in-patients-with-relapsed-multiple-myeloma-results-of-the-phase-3-study-endeavor-nct01568866-according-to-age-subgroup
#8
Heinz Ludwig, Meletios A Dimopoulos, Philippe Moreau, Wee-Joo Chng, Hartmut Goldschmidt, Roman Hájek, Thierry Facon, Ludek Pour, Ruben Niesvizky, Albert Oriol, Laura Rosiñol, Aleksandr Suvorov, Gianluca Gaidano, Tomas Pika, Katja Weisel, Vesselina Goranova-Marinova, Antonio Palumbo, Heidi H Gillenwater, Nehal Mohamed, Sanjay Aggarwal, Shibao Feng, Douglas Joshua
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293163/an-fpga-platform-for-real-time-simulation-of-spiking-neuronal-networks
#9
Danilo Pani, Paolo Meloni, Giuseppe Tuveri, Francesca Palumbo, Paolo Massobrio, Luigi Raffo
In the last years, the idea to dynamically interface biological neurons with artificial ones has become more and more urgent. The reason is essentially due to the design of innovative neuroprostheses where biological cell assemblies of the brain can be substituted by artificial ones. For closed-loop experiments with biological neuronal networks interfaced with in silico modeled networks, several technological challenges need to be faced, from the low-level interfacing between the living tissue and the computational model to the implementation of the latter in a suitable form for real-time processing...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282553/challenges-in-the-treatment-of-convulsive-status-epilepticus
#10
REVIEW
Gaetano Zaccara, Gianfranco Giannasi, Roberto Oggioni, Eleonora Rosati, Luciana Tramacere, Pasquale Palumbo
Convulsive status epilepticus (CSE) is a medical emergency associated with high mortality and morbidity. The most recent definition of CSE is a convulsive seizure lasting more than 5min or consecutive seizures without recovery of consciousness. In adults, for the treatment of the early stages of CSE, diazepam, lorazepam or midazolam are the most common treatments, although the choice of agent seems less important than rapid treatment. Midazolam, when administered intramuscularly (best evidence), buccally, or nasally, is effective and safe in the pre-hospital setting...
February 28, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280825/tailoring-the-physical-properties-of-the-mixtures-of-ionic-liquids-a-microscopic-point-of-view
#11
O Palumbo, F Trequattrini, M A Navarra, J-B Brubach, P Roy, A Paolone
A detailed investigation of the phase diagram of the mixtures of the two ionic liquids N-trimethyl-N-propylammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (TMPA-TFSI) and N-trimethyl-N-hexylammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (TMHA-TFSI) has been performed in the temperature range between 140 and 330 K by means of DSC and infrared spectroscopy measurements. In the low temperature crystalline states, a large concentration of the trans-TFSI conformer is present in TMPA-TFSI, while almost only cis-TFSI is retained in TMHA-TFSI...
March 10, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266892/inflammatory-and-metalloproteinases-profiles-predict-three-month-poor-outcomes-in-ischemic-stroke-treated-with-thrombolysis
#12
Anna Maria Gori, Betti Giusti, Benedetta Piccardi, Patrizia Nencini, Vanessa Palumbo, Mascia Nesi, Antonia Nucera, Giovanni Pracucci, Paolina Tonelli, Eleonora Innocenti, Alice Sereni, Elena Sticchi, Danilo Toni, Paolo Bovi, Mario Guidotti, Maria Rosaria Tola, Domenico Consoli, Giuseppe Micieli, Rossana Tassi, Giovanni Orlandi, Maria Sessa, Francesco Perini, Maria Luisa Delodovici, Maria Luisa Zedde, Francesca Massaro, Rosanna Abbate, Domenico Inzitari
Inflammatory mediators and metalloproteinases are altered in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and play a detrimental effect on clinical severity and hemorrhagic transformation of the ischemic brain lesion. Using data from the Italian multicenter observational MAGIC (MArker bioloGici nell'Ictus Cerebrale) Study, we evaluated the effect of inflammatory and metalloproteinases profiles on three-month functional outcome, hemorrhagic transformation and mortality in 327 patients with AIS treated with intravenous thrombolys in according to SITS-MOST (Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke-MOnitoring STudy) criteria...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263784/putative-tmprss3-gjb2-digenic-inheritance-of-hearing-loss-detected-by-targeted-resequencing
#13
Maria Pia Leone, Pietro Palumbo, Rocco Ortore, Stefano Castellana, Orazio Palumbo, Salvatore Melchionda, Teresa Palladino, Raffaella Stallone, Tommaso Mazza, Roberto Cocchi, Massimo Carella
The paper describes a putative digenic form of deafness in two siblings affected by non-syndromic hereditary hearing loss, detected by a Targeted resequencing approach. Given that a previous paper suggested TMPRSS3 and GJB2 genes as responsible for a digenic form of hearing loss, our data support and reinforce this hypothesis.
March 3, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Probes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262568/a-bleeding-assessment-tool-correlates-with-intraoperative-blood-loss-in-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-major-spinal-surgery
#14
Jennifer M Anadio, Peter F Sturm, Johan M Forslund, Sunil Agarwal, Adam Lane, Cristina Tarango, Joseph S Palumbo
Screening laboratory studies for bleeding disorders are of little predictive value for operative bleeding risk in adults. Predicting perioperative bleeding in pediatric patients is particularly difficult as younger patients often have not had significant hemostatic challenges. This issue is distinctly important for high bleeding risk surgeries, such as major spinal procedures. The aim of this study was to determine if the score of a detailed bleeding questionnaire (BQ) correlated with surgical bleeding in pediatric patients undergoing major spinal surgery...
February 24, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261145/editorial-high-level-adaptation-and-aftereffects
#15
EDITORIAL
Rocco Palumbo, Stefania D'Ascenzo, Luca Tommasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260838/the-opencalphad-thermodynamic-software-interface
#16
Bo Sundman, Ursula R Kattner, Christophe Sigli, Matthias Stratmann, Romain Le Tellier, Mauro Palumbo, Suzana G Fries
Thermodynamic data are needed for all kinds of simulations of materials processes. Thermodynamics determines the set of stable phases and also provides chemical potentials, compositions and driving forces for nucleation of new phases and phase transformations. Software to simulate materials properties needs accurate and consistent thermodynamic data to predict metastable states that occur during phase transformations. Due to long calculation times thermodynamic data are frequently pre-calculated into "lookup tables" to speed up calculations...
December 2016: Computational Materials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260061/subgingival-dysbiosis-in-smoker-and-non%C3%A2-smoker-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis
#17
Lorena Coretti, Mariella Cuomo, Ermanno Florio, Domenico Palumbo, Simona Keller, Raffaela Pero, Lorenzo Chiariotti, Francesca Lembo, Carlo Cafiero
Periodontitis is one of the most common oral inflammatory diseases, and results in connective tissue degradation and gradual tooth loss. It manifests with formation of periodontal pockets, in which anaerobic and Gram‑negative bacteria proliferate rapidly. Consequently, alteration of the subgingival microbiota is considered the primary etiologic agent of periodontitis. Previous studies have reported that smokers are at increased risk of periodontal disease, in both prevalence and severity, indicating that smoking is a risk factor for the onset and progression of the pathology...
March 1, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253259/scalable-design-of-paired-crispr-guide-rnas-for-genomic-deletion
#18
Carlos Pulido-Quetglas, Estel Aparicio-Prat, Carme Arnan, Taisia Polidori, Toni Hermoso, Emilio Palumbo, Julia Ponomarenko, Roderic Guigo, Rory Johnson
CRISPR-Cas9 technology can be used to engineer precise genomic deletions with pairs of single guide RNAs (sgRNAs). This approach has been widely adopted for diverse applications, from disease modelling of individual loci, to parallelized loss-of-function screens of thousands of regulatory elements. However, no solution has been presented for the unique bioinformatic design requirements of CRISPR deletion. We here present CRISPETa, a pipeline for flexible and scalable paired sgRNA design based on an empirical scoring model...
March 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236279/oas-gene-family-expression-is-associated-with-hiv-related-neurocognitive-disorders
#19
C Sanfilippo, M R Pinzone, D Cambria, A Longo, M Palumbo, R Di Marco, F Condorelli, G Nunnari, L Malaguarnera, M Di Rosa
HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders are common in HIV-infected individuals, even in the combination antiretroviral therapy (c-ART) era. Several mechanisms are involved in neuronal damage, including chronic inflammation immune activation. Mammalian 2'-5'-oligoadenylate synthetase (OAS) genes are produced in response to interferon (IFN), mainly by monocytes, and exert their antiviral functions by activation of RNase L that degrades viral and cellular RNAs. In this study, we aimed at exploring OAS gene family RNA expression in simian immunodeficiency virus encephalitis (SIVE), in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND), and in HIV-associate dementia (HAD)...
February 24, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212901/the-dissociation-of-the-hsp60-pro-caspase-3-complex-by-bis-pyridyl-oxadiazole-copper-complex-cubipyoxa-leads-to-cell-death-in-nci-h292-cancer-cells
#20
Celeste Caruso Bavisotto, Dragana Nikolic, Antonella Marino Gammazza, Rosario Barone, Filippa Lo Cascio, Emanuele Mocciaro, Giovanni Zummo, Everly Conway de Macario, Alberto Jl Macario, Francesco Cappello, Valentina Giacalone, Andrea Pace, Giampaolo Barone, Antonio Palumbo Piccionello, Claudia Campanella
Cell survival and proliferation are central to carcinogenesis, involving various mechanisms among which those that impede apoptosis are important. In this, the role of the molecular chaperone Hsp60 is unclear since it has been reported that it can be both, pro- or anti-apoptotic. A solution to this riddle is crucial to the development of anti-cancer therapies targeting Hsp60. We addressed this question using a tumor cell line, NCI-H292, and [Cu(3,5-bis(2'-pyridyl)-1,2,4-oxadiazole)2(H2O)2](ClO4)2, CubipyOXA, a copper-containing compound with cytotoxic properties...
May 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
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