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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550711/behavioral-economic-substitution-between-conventional-cigarettes-and-e-cigarettes-differs-as-a-function-of-the-frequency-of-e-cigarette-use
#1
Sarah E Snider, K Michael Cummings, Warren K Bickel
BACKGROUND: Models measuring the interactions between consumption of conventional cigarettes and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in the marketplace are becoming vital forecast tools as the popularity of e-cigarettes increases and policy on tobacco products changes. Behavioral economics, which involves the integration of psychology and consumer demand, can be used to measure individuals' purchase behavior under different marketplace conditions. Our goal was to measure hypothetical conventional cigarette and e-cigarette purchasing among smokers with varying e-cigarette use patterns...
May 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550702/listening-to-improve-transforming-patient-relations-measurement-and-reporting-in-ontario
#2
Patricia Sullivan-Taylor, Rachel Frohlich, Anita Singh, Anna Greenberg
Effective patient relations are important to improve patient experience and deliver better care. Policy and legislative changes in Ontario have increased accountabilities for patient relations and expanded Health Quality Ontario (HQO)'s mandate. In response, HQO collaborated with patients, health sector organizations, associations and the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care to co-design a patient relations measurement and reporting approach. Informed by an environmental scan, broad consultations, a multi-sector survey and a provincial advisory group, the approach includes standardized patient relations indicators to support measurement and public reporting across the hospital, home and long-term care sectors...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550695/regulation-in-whose-interest-a-review-of-private-profits-versus-public-policy-the-pharmaceutical-industry-and-the-canadian-state
#3
Katherine Fierlbeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550691/gender-sex-and-traumatic-brain-injury-transformative-science-to-optimize-patient-outcomes
#4
Tatyana Mollayeva, Angela Colantonio
This paper presents highlights from a program of research addressing sex and gender among persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI) relevant to the Canadian context. Epidemiological trends based on health administrative data are examined, and their implications for policy and practice are considered. Further, the authors discuss the need to proactively address TBI in marginalized populations and in the workplace, two areas that have not received widespread attention.
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550635/growth-corruption-health-triaca-and-environmental-degradation-empirical-evidence-from-indonesia-malaysia-and-thailand
#5
Muhammad Azam, Abdul Qayyum Khan
This study examines the impact of economic growth, corruption, health, and poverty on environmental degradation for three countries from ASEAN, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand using annual data over the period of 1994-2014. The relationship between environmental degradation (pollution) by carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and economic growth is examined along with some other variables, namely health expenditure, poverty, agriculture value added growth, industrial value added growth, and corruption. The ordinary least squares (OLS) method is applied as an analytical technique for parameter estimation...
May 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550379/a-mixed-methods-exploration-of-the-needs-of-people-living-with-hiv-plwh-enrolled-in-access-to-care-a-national-hiv-linkage-retention-and-re-engagement-in-medical-care-program
#6
C Maulsby, B Enobun, D S Batey, K M Jain, M Riordan, M Werner, D R Holtgrave
Competing needs pose barriers to engagement in HIV medical care. Mixed methods were used to explore and describe the needs of participants enrolled in Access to Care, a national HIV linkage, retention and re-engagement in care (LRC) program that served people living with HIV who knew their status but were not engaged in care. When asked to prioritize their most urgent needs, participants reported housing or shelter (31%), HIV medical services (24%), and employment (8%). When we assessed the HIV continuum of care by needs status, we found no significant differences in linkage, retention, or viral suppression between participants with and without basic needs...
May 26, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550353/health-policy-responsiveness-lessons-learned-from-maryland-and-prince-george-s-county
#7
Byron Sogie-Thomas, John Sankofa, Crystal Reed, Kweisi Mfume, Lauren Abla Doamekpor
Effective, timely, and intentional policy efforts can significantly impact and improve the public's health and reduce racial and ethnic health disparities across the nation. Creating and implementing responsive policies at the state and county level is essential to supporting community efforts to improve health behaviors and health outcomes, particularly for communities of color who bear the brunt of disease risk and negative health outcomes. Using policy examples from the State of Maryland and Prince George's County, the largest and wealthiest predominately African-American county in the USA, this case study highlights the importance of state and county policy action when presented with opportunities to affect long-lasting, positive change...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550251/when-patient-engagement-and-research-ethics-collide-lessons-from-a-dementia-forum
#8
Julie M Robillard, Tanya L Feng
The importance of patient engagement in research has been gaining recognition since the turn of the 21st century. However, little is known about the perspectives of people with dementia on the process of discovery. To fill this gap and to inform priorities in patient engagement in the context of dementia research, the Clinic for Alzheimer Disease and Related Disorders at the University of British Columbia hosted an interactive session for members of the patient community and of the general public to share their views on various ethical aspects of the research process...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549929/pragmatic-trials-and-real-world-evidence-an-introduction-to-the-series
#9
Mira Zuidgeest, Iris Goetz, Rolf Groenwold, Elaine Irving, Ghislaine van Thiel, Diederick E Grobbee
This is the introductory paper in a series of 8 papers (see box). In this series we integrate the theoretical design options with the practice of conducting pragmatic trials. For most new market-approved treatments the clinical evidence is insufficient to fully guide physicians and policy makers in choosing the optimal treatment for their patients. Pragmatic trials can fill this gap, by providing evidence on the relative effectiveness of a treatment strategy in routine clinical practice, already in an early phase of development, while maintaining the strength of randomized controlled trials...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549867/integrated-testing-strategies-can-be-optimal-for-chemical-risk-classification
#10
Marko Raseta, Jon Pitchford, James Cussens, John Doe
There is an urgent need to refine strategies for testing the safety of chemical compounds. This need arises both from the financial and ethical costs of animal tests, but also from the opportunities presented by new in-vitro and in-silico alternatives. Here we explore the mathematical theory underpinning the formulation of optimal testing strategies in toxicology. We show how the costs and imprecisions of the various tests, and the variability in exposures and responses of individuals, can be assembled rationally to form a Markov Decision Problem...
May 23, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549841/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-associated-with-cesarean-section-in-lebanon-a-retrospective-study-based-on-a-sample-of-29-270-women
#11
Sandy M Zgheib, Mohammad Kacim, Karel Kostev
BACKGROUND: During the last decades, there has been an alarming and dramatic increase in the number of cesarean births in both developed and undeveloped countries. This increase has not been clinically justified but, nevertheless, has raised an important number of issues. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors associated with the high cesarean section rates in Lebanon. METHODS: This study is based on a sample of 29,270 Lebanese women who were pregnant between 2000 and 2015...
May 23, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549805/immunization-requirements-of-the-top-200-universities-implications-for-vaccine-hesitant-families
#12
Allison Noesekabel, Ada M Fenick
BACKGROUND: The majority of pediatricians encounter vaccine hesitancy in their practices. As part of a broad discussion about vaccination, school requirements arise as a topic yet providers may lack information about the effects of immunization on university matriculation. METHODS: We surveyed the top-ranked 200 universities regarding required immunizations, medical, religious, and philosophical exemptions, and noncompliance policies. We examined the legal requirements for involved jurisdictions...
May 23, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549750/shared-decision-making-in-brazil-concrete-efforts-to-empowering-patient-s-voice
#13
Mirhelen Mendes de Abreu, Joao Pedro Simao de Mello, Lilah Ferreira F Ribeiro, Luiza Andrade Mussi, Mariana Luiza L Borges, Maurício Petroli, Nycholas da Costa Tavares, Rafael da Cunha Cancela, Sabrina Fausto de Lima
Patient involvement in healthcare decisions has grown in Brazil at three different levels: 1) the macro level, which includes the patient actively influencing legislation and regulation of medical care as well as political changes in the process of care itself; 2) the meso level, which includes institutions that aim to improve information, empowerment and counseling to patients, and 3) the micro level, which focuses on the actual decision-making process that takes place within patient-physician encounter. In Brazil, the macro and meso levels are stronger than the micro one...
May 23, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549749/shared-decision-making-in-iran-current-and-future-trends
#14
Samira Abbasgholizadeh Rahimi, Mahasti Alizadeh, France Légaré
This paper describes the current situation of shared decision making (SDM) in the Iranian healthcare system, discusses barriers to implementation and gives future directions. What about policy regarding SDM? Although the Ministry of Health and Medical Education has enacted some legislation on informed consent and patients' rights, there is no policy specifically regarding SDM in Iran. What about decision support tools for patients? Although some Iranian researchers and clinicians have highlighted patients' desire to be informed and involved in decisions related to their health, there is no program to develop or evaluate decision support tools such as patient decision aids in Iran...
May 23, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549737/organizational-intellectual-capital-and-the-role-of-the-nurse-manager-a-proposed-conceptual-model
#15
Jason H Gilbert, Diane Von Ah, Marion E Broome
BACKGROUND: Nurse managers must leverage both the human capital and social capital of the teams they lead in order to produce quality outcomes. Little is known about the relationship between human capital and social capital and how these concepts may work together to produce organizational outcomes through leadership of nurses. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to explore the concepts of human capital and social capital as they relate to nursing leadership in health care organizations...
April 19, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549674/new-policy-and-evidence-on-suicide-prevention
#16
Louis Appleby, Isabelle M Hunt, Nav Kapur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549480/improving-the-appropriateness-of-antipsychotic-prescribing-in-nursing-homes-a-mixed-methods-process-evaluation-of-an-academic-detailing-intervention
#17
L Desveaux, M Saragosa, J Rogers, L Bevan, H Loshak, A Moser, S Feldman, L Regier, L Jeffs, N M Ivers
BACKGROUND: In 2014, nursing home administration and government officials were facing increasing public and media scrutiny around the variation of antipsychotic medication (APM) prescribing across Ontario nursing homes. In response, policy makers partnered to test an academic detailing (AD) intervention to address appropriate prescribing of APM in nursing homes in a cluster-randomized trial. This mixed-methods study aimed to explore how and why the AD intervention may have resulted in changes in the nursing home context...
May 26, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549479/engaging-the-canadian-public-on-reimbursement-decision-making-for-drugs-for-rare-diseases-a-national-online-survey
#18
Julie Polisena, Michael Burgess, Craig Mitton, Larry D Lynd
BACKGROUND: Funding of drugs for rare diseases (DRDs) requires decisions that balance fairness for all individuals within the healthcare system with compassion for affected individuals. Our study objective was to conduct a national online survey to determine the Canadian public's perspective, including regional variations, associated with DRD decision-making. METHODS: The survey collected responses from 1631 Canadians. Respondents were asked to rank at least three and up to five DRD decision-making priorities, out of a total of eight priorities presented...
May 26, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549473/attitudes-of-consumers-and-live-poultry-workers-to-central-slaughtering-in-controlling-h7n9-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Xiao Lin, Dingmei Zhang, Xinwei Wang, Yun Huang, Zhicheng Du, Yaming Zou, Jiahai Lu, Yuantao Hao
BACKGROUND: Guangdong Province in the Pearl River Delta of Southeast China is among the areas in the country with the highest rates of avian flu cases. In order to control the outbreak of human-infected H7N9 cases, Guangdong launched a new policy on the central slaughtering of live poultry in 2015. This study aims to evaluate attitudes of consumers and live-poultry workers toward the policy. The live-poultry workers consisted of two sub-groups: live-poultry traders and poultry farm workers...
May 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549382/is-remote-health-different-to-rural-health
#20
John Wakerman, Lisa Bourke, John S Humphreys, Judy Taylor
INTRODUCTION: The study identifies the differences between rural health and remote health and describes key distinctive characteristics of remote health. METHODS: The study used a mixed method approach of interviews and questionnaires (utilising a Likert scale) with expert stakeholders in rural health and remote health. A total of 45 interviews were conducted with experts selected from every state and territory of Australia. Of these, 41 also completed a questionnaire, of which 21 respondents were female, 20 identified predominantly as academics while six, five and five indicated that they worked in policy, advocacy and as a practitioner, respectively...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
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