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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786672/the-impacts-of-spatiotemporal-landscape-changes-on-water-quality-in-shenzhen-china
#1
Zhenhuan Liu, Haiyan Yang
The urban landscape in China has changed rapidly over the past four decades, which has led to various environmental consequences, such as water quality degradation at the regional scale. To improve water restoration strategies and policies, this study assessed the relationship between water quality and landscape change in Shenzhen, China, using panel regression analysis. The results show that decreases in natural and semi-natural landscape compositions have had significant negative effects on water quality...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786590/hepatitis-c-and-human-rights-comparison-of-legal-experience-of-ukraine-and-georgia
#2
Iryna Y Senyuta
A comparative legal research of human rights provision in Ukraine and Georgia, in the aspect of combating viral HCV, was conducted. Ukrainian advocacy experience and Georgian strategic litigation experience with regard to human rights and HCV was analyzed. Key international instruments, which lay the conceptual foundations as well as outline the measures, which are directed at human rights in patient care provision and fighting viral hepatitis, were elucidated. Attention was paid to the Global health sector strategy...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786582/characteristics-of-epidemiology-of-dental-caries-in-children-from-regions-with-high-and-optimum-fluorine-content-in-drinking-water
#3
Valentina Trufanova, Olha Sheshukova, Vadym Davydenko, Tetiana Polishchuk, Sofia Bauman, Vitalina Dobroskok
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Prevention of dental diseases in children is the priority item on the modern dentistry agenda. Among the undeniable factors known as contributing into caries incidence, there is fluoride content in the external environment, especially in drinking water, which is the main source of fluoride intake. The aim: This study is aimed at evaluating dental caries indices in children and adolescents inhabiting in areas with optimal and high-level fluoride concentration in drinking water and assessing their level of oral hygiene...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786567/how-to-incorporate-academic-writing-pedagogy-in-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education
#4
Viktoriia G Kostenko, Iryna M Solohor
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Medical researchers, who are non-native English speakers, are facing now the growing need to publish their research results in international journals switching to an English-only policy, to apply for grants and scholarship, but at the same time this puts many authors whose native language is not English at a disadvantage compared to their English-speaking counterparts. The aim: This paper aims at analysing the existing parameters of academic writing proficiency of medical undergraduate and postgraduate students; elucidating current approaches to develop academic writing competency and to promote academic multi-literacy of junior researchers, and outlining the general recommendations to improve the quality and sophistication of their writing by incorporating the principles and achievements of academic writing pedagogy into the system of medical training...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786503/relationships-between-theoretically-derived-short-term-outcomes-and-support-for-policy-among-the-public-and-decision-makers
#5
Carol L Schmitt, Laurel Curry, Vanessa Boudewyns, Pamela A Williams, LaShawn Glasgow, Deanna Van Hersh, Jeffrey Willett, Todd Rogers
PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES: Policy change is a lengthy and complex process. Thus, it is important to articulate hypothesized causal pathways between advocacy activities and policy change outcomes and to identify and monitor early indicators of progress toward policy change. INTERVENTION APPROACH: The Kansas Health Foundation supports grantee efforts to address the public health effects of obesity through evidence-based policy, systems, and environmental change interventions...
May 17, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786500/exploratory-cluster-analysis-to-identify-patterns-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-500-cities-project
#6
Shelley H Liu, Yan Li, Bian Liu
Chronic kidney disease is a leading cause of death in the United States. We used cluster analysis to explore patterns of chronic kidney disease in 500 of the largest US cities. After adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics, we found that unhealthy behaviors, prevention measures, and health outcomes related to chronic kidney disease differ between cities in Utah and those in the rest of the United States. Cluster analysis can be useful for identifying geographic regions that may have important policy implications for preventing chronic kidney disease...
May 17, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786494/failure-to-tackle-suicide-inequalities-across-europe
#7
Jayati Das-Munshi, Graham Thornicroft
SummaryIn this issue, Lorant et al. confirm a social gradient in risk of suicide, across 15 European countries, over a period of marked social change. Understanding contextual and life-course factors, and acknowledging under-funding for mental health and failures to implement national mental health policies, may provide the reasons for these disparities.Declaration of interestNone.
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786136/temporal-trends-in-the-epidemiology-of-cervical-cancer-in-south-africa-1994-2012
#8
Gbenga Olorunfemi, Ntombizodwa Ndlovu, Gwinyai Masukume, Admire Chikandiwa, Pedro T Pisa, Elvira Singh
Cervical cancer (CC) is the leading cause of cancer death among female South Africans (SA). Improved access to reproductive health services following multi-ethnic democracy in 1994, HIV epidemic, and the initiation of CC population-based screening in early 2000's have influenced the epidemiology of CC in SA. We therefore evaluated the trends in CC age-standardized incidence (ASIR) (1994 - 2009) and mortality rates (ASMR) (2004 - 2012) using data from the South African National Cancer Registry and the Statistics South Africa, respectively...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785847/impact-of-water-induced-soil-erosion-on-the-terrestrial-transport-and-atmospheric-emission-of-mercury-in-china
#9
Maodian Liu, Qianru Zhang, Yao Luo, Robert P Mason, Shidong Ge, Yipeng He, Chenghao Yu, Rina Sa, Hanlin Cao, Xuejun Wang, Long Chen
Terrestrial mercury (Hg) transport, induced by water erosion and exacerbated by human activities, constitutes a major disturbance of the natural Hg cycle, but the processes are still not well understood. In this study, we modeled these processes using detailed information on erosion and Hg in soils and found that vast quantities of total Hg (THg) are being removed from land surfaces in China as a result of water erosion, which were estimated at 420 Mg/yr around 2010. This was significantly higher than the 240 Mg/yr mobilized around 1990...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785800/organizational-models-for-health-actions-in-the-field-of-blood-and-blood-products-in-brazilian-and-spanish-regional-contexts
#10
M K Bomfim de Souza
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This article aims to characterize some elements that define the organizational models of healthcare actions in the field of blood and blood products. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This exploratory and qualitative study was carried out based on a documentary survey complemented by interviews with key informants of hemotherapy services from three regional territories in Spain and Brazil. RESULTS: It was evidenced demographic, territorial and organizational characteristics, as well as on instruments, resources and individuals involved in the planning, organization and implementation of services and actions in the area...
May 21, 2018: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785761/a-novel-thyroid-function-index-associated-with-opposite-therapeutic-outcomes-in-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-or-sorafenib
#11
Yu-De Chu, Kwang-Huei Lin, Ya-Hui Huang, Chen-Chun Lin, Chien-Fu Hung, Ta-Sen Yeh, Wei-Chen Lee, Chau-Ting Yeh
AIM: A sustained proportion of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients worldwide received either chemotherapy or sorafenib. However, to date, effective and convenient biomarkers to predict their therapeutic outcomes remained elusive. Hypothyroidism was associated with favorable anticancer treatment outcomes in several advanced cancers. Here, we aimed to investigate the potential of using thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free T4 (FT4) levels as biomarkers to predict clinical outcomes in HCC patients receiving chemotherapy or sorafenib...
May 21, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785757/a-nursing-solution-to-primary-care-delivery-shortfall
#12
Michael Carter, Phillip Moore, Nina Sublette
Many countries project that they will have difficulty to meet their demand for primary care based on an inadequate supply of primary care doctors. There are many reasons for this, and they tend to vary by country. The policy options available to these countries are to increase the number of local primary care doctors, recruit doctors from other countries, ration primary care, shift more primary care to specialists, or authorize other disciplines to provide primary care. This article examines lessons learned in the United States over the past 50 years and proposes that expanding the use of nurse practitioners is the best solution when measured by feasibility, costs, ethics, and scope of the care delivered...
May 21, 2018: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785703/a-cross-sectional-study-evaluating-the-use-of-free-clinics-in-syracuse-ny-patient-demographics-and-barriers-to-accessing-healthcare-in-traditional-settings
#13
Simone Arvisais-Anhalt, Matthew MacDougall, Michael Rosenthal, Peter Congelosi, Daniel F Farrell, Paula Rosenbaum
Free clinics provide healthcare to underserved patient populations, playing a critical role in the medical safety-net. Syracuse, New York has notable racial, socioeconomic, and educational disparities and is home to four free clinics. Little is known about these clinics' patient population. This study attempts to better define this population and the barriers they face accessing traditional care. We developed a 27-question survey investigating patient demographics, barriers to traditional healthcare, and experience at local free clinics...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785620/how-asymptomatic-are-early-cancer-patients-of-five-organs-based-on-registry-data-in-japan
#14
Narue Nakabayashi, Masahiro Hirose, Ritsuro Suzuki, Junji Suzumiya, Mikio Igawa
BACKGROUND: One reason for the low cancer screening rate in Japan is that people are not concerned about cancer if they do not have symptoms. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed 18,405 cancer patients using hospital-based cancer registry data collected between 2007 and 2013 at the 13 hospitals of Shimane Prefecture, Japan. The symptomatic rates of five cancers (stomach, colorectal, lung, breast, and cervix) at each stage and the time of early diagnosis were investigated...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785612/water-forests-people-the-swedish-experience-in-building-resilient-landscapes
#15
Mats Eriksson, Lotta Samuelson, Linnéa Jägrud, Eskil Mattsson, Thorsten Celander, Anders Malmer, Klas Bengtsson, Olof Johansson, Nicolai Schaaf, Ola Svending, Anna Tengberg
A growing world population and rapid expansion of cities increase the pressure on basic resources such as water, food and energy. To safeguard the provision of these resources, restoration and sustainable management of landscapes is pivotal, including sustainable forest and water management. Sustainable forest management includes forest conservation, restoration, forestry and agroforestry practices. Interlinkages between forests and water are fundamental to moderate water budgets, stabilize runoff, reduce erosion and improve biodiversity and water quality...
May 21, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785607/green-certification-e-commerce-and-low-carbon-economy-for-international-tourist-hotels
#16
Long-Fei Chen
Increasing population and over-consumption are placing unprecedented demands on agriculture and natural resources. The Earth is suffering from global warning and environmental destruction while our agricultural systems are concurrently degrading land, water, biodiversity, and climate on a global scale. For a sustainable future, green certification, e-commerce, and environment education can boost low-carbon economy with decreasing carbon emissions, but very few researches address them for the hotel industry...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785519/threshold-dynamics-of-a-temperature-dependent-stage-structured-mosquito-population-model-with-nested-delays
#17
Xiunan Wang, Xingfu Zou
Mosquito-borne diseases remain a significant threat to public health and economics. Since mosquitoes are quite sensitive to temperature, global warming may not only worsen the disease transmission case in current endemic areas but also facilitate mosquito population together with pathogens to establish in new regions. Therefore, understanding mosquito population dynamics under the impact of temperature is considerably important for making disease control policies. In this paper, we develop a stage-structured mosquito population model in the environment of a temperature-controlled experiment...
May 21, 2018: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785306/overweight-and-undernutrition-in-the-cases-of-school-going-adolescents-in-wolaita-sodo-town-southern-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#18
Dereje Yohannes Teferi, Gudina Egata Atomssa, Tefera Chane Mekonnen
Background: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors among school adolescents in Wolaita Sodo town, Southern Ethiopia. Methods: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted from May 18-June 10, 2015. A multistage sampling was used to select a random sample of 690 adolescents from selected schools. Data on sociodemographic information were collected by using an interviewer-administered questionnaire, and anthropometric measurements were made by using a digital Seca scale and height measuring board by trained data collectors...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785254/low-rates-of-patient-reported-outcome-claims-for-orphan-drugs-approved-by-the-us-food-and-drug-administration
#19
Szymon Jarosławski, Pascal Auquier, Borislav Borissov, Claude Dussart, Mondher Toumi
Background : Claims included in package inserts (PIs) for medicinal products approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) constitute the regulatory definition of drugs' benefits and risks. Objective : We sought to assess the usage of patient-reported outcome (PRO) claims in a comprehensive set of US FDA orphan drug approvals dated between 1/1/2012 and 31/12/2016, and characterize them. Study design : Orphan drug approval documentation was obtained from the US FDA website. Drug Package Inserts (PI) were analyzed to extract information on PRO-related language...
2018: Journal of Market Access & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784980/global-mismatch-of-policy-and-research-on-drivers-of-biodiversity-loss
#20
Tessa Mazor, Christopher Doropoulos, Florian Schwarzmueller, Daniel W Gladish, Nagalingam Kumaran, Katharina Merkel, Moreno Di Marco, Vesna Gagic
The United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development calls for urgent actions to reduce global biodiversity loss. Here, we synthesize >44,000 articles published in the past decade to assess the research focus on global drivers of loss. Relative research efforts on different drivers are not well aligned with their assessed impact, and multiple driver interactions are hardly considered. Research on drivers of biodiversity loss needs urgent realignment to match predicted severity and inform policy goals...
May 21, 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
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