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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018133/carotid-web-intimal-fibromuscular-dysplasia-has-high-stroke-recurrence-risk-and-is-amenable-to-stenting
#1
Diogo C Haussen, Jonathan A Grossberg, Mehdi Bouslama, Gustavo Pradilla, Samir Belagaje, Nicolas Bianchi, Jason W Allen, Michael Frankel, Raul G Nogueira
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Carotid webs have been increasingly recognized as a cause of recurrent stroke, but evidence remains scarce. We aim to report the clinical outcomes and first series of carotid stenting in a cohort of patients with strokes from symptomatic carotid webs. METHODS: Prospective and consecutive data of patients <65 years old with cryptogenic stroke admitted within September 2014 to May 2017. Carotid web was defined by a shelf-like/linear filling defect in the posterior internal carotid artery bulb by computed tomographic angiography...
October 10, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965106/safety-and-efficacy-of-aneurysm-treatment-with-web-in-the-cumulative-population-of-three-prospective-multicenter-series
#2
Laurent Pierot, Jacques Moret, Xavier Barreau, Istvan Szikora, Denis Herbreteau, Francis Turjman, Markus Holtmannspötter, Anne-Christine Januel, Vincent Costalat, Jens Fiehler, Joachim Klisch, Jean-Yves Gauvrit, Werner Weber, Hubert Desal, Stéphane Velasco, Thomas Liebig, Luc Stockx, Joachim Berkefeld, Andrew Molyneux, James Byrne, Laurent Spelle
BACKGROUND: Flow disruption with the WEB is an innovative endovascular approach for treatment of wide-neck bifurcation aneurysms. Initial studies have shown a low complication rate with good efficacy. PURPOSE: To report clinical and anatomical results of the WEB treatment in the cumulative population of three Good Clinical Practice (GCP) studies: WEBCAST (WEB Clinical Assessment of Intrasaccular Aneurysm), French Observatory, and WEBCAST-2. METHODS: WEBCAST, French Observatory, and WEBCAST-2 are single-arm, prospective, multicenter, GCP studies dedicated to the evaluation of WEB treatment...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959485/association-between-large-artery-atherosclerosis-and-cerebral-microbleeds-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Lingling Ding, Yuehui Hong, Bin Peng
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to provide evidence that biomarkers of large artery atherosclerosis, including arterial stenosis and greater carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), may serve as clinical markers of subclinical haemorrhage-prone cerebral small vessel disease, reflected by cerebral microbleeds (CMBs). METHODS: We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library to identify relevant studies published before 1 July 2016...
March 2017: Stroke and Vascular Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925747/protocol-and-quality-assurance-for-carotid-imaging-in-100-000-participants-of-uk-biobank-development-and-assessment
#4
Sean Coffey, Adam J Lewandowski, Steve Garratt, Rudy Meijer, Steven Lynum, Ram Bedi, James Paterson, Mohammad Yaqub, J Alison Noble, Stefan Neubauer, Steffen E Petersen, Naomi Allen, Cathie Sudlow, Rory Collins, Paul M Matthews, Paul Leeson
Background Ultrasound imaging is able to quantify carotid arterial wall structure for the assessment of cerebral and cardiovascular disease risks. We describe a protocol and quality assurance process to enable carotid imaging at large scale that has been developed for the UK Biobank Imaging Enhancement Study of 100,000 individuals. Design An imaging protocol was developed to allow measurement of carotid intima-media thickness from the far wall of both common carotid arteries. Six quality assurance criteria were defined and a web-based interface (Intelligent Ultrasound) was developed to facilitate rapid assessment of images against each criterion...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884979/effects-of-antiepileptic-drugs-on-the-carotid-artery-intima-media-thickness-in-epileptic-patients
#5
Qilun Lai, Chunhong Shen, Yang Zheng, Yinxi Zhang, Yi Guo, Meiping Ding
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It has been reported that taking antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) may increase the risk of atherosclerosis. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the carotid artery intima-media thickness (CA-IMT) as a surrogate factor for atherosclerosis in epileptic patients. METHODS: We searched NCBI (PubMed), ISI Web of Knowledge, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library databases for studies of the association between AEDs and CA-IMT in epileptic patients. A random-effects meta-analysis was used to pool results across studies...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865978/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-variations-in-branching-patterns-of-the-adult-aortic-arch
#6
Patrick Popieluszko, Brandon Michael Henry, Beatrice Sanna, Wan Chin Hsieh, Karolina Saganiak, Przemysław A Pękala, Jerzy A Walocha, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
OBJECTIVE: The aortic arch (AA) is the main conduit of the left side of the heart, providing a blood supply to the head, neck, and upper limbs. As it travels through the thorax, the pattern in which it gives off the branches to supply these structures can vary. Variations of these branching patterns have been studied; however, a study providing a comprehensive incidence of these variations has not yet been conducted. The objective of this study was to perform a meta-analysis of all the studies that report prevalence data on AA variants and to provide incidence data on the most common variants...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863162/effect-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-meta-analysis
#7
Li-Da Chen, Li Lin, Xue-Jun Lin, Yang-Wu Ou, Zhi Wu, Yu-Ming Ye, Qiao-Zhen Xu, Ya-Ping Huang, Zhi-Ming Cai
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), an early marker of atherosclerosis. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the first-line treatment for OSA. A meta-analysis was performed to determine whether CPAP therapy could decrease carotid IMT. METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane library were searched before March, 2017. Weighted mean difference (WMD) was calculated to estimate the treatment effects of pre and post-CPAP therapy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760919/carotid-artery-web-and-ischemic-stroke-a-case-control-study
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609831/impact-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-on-subclinical-carotid-atherosclerosis-a-pooled-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#9
Roberta Lupoli, Andrea Vaccaro, Pasquale Ambrosino, Paolo Poggio, Manuela Amato, Matteo Nicola Dario Di Minno
Context: Vitamin D deficiency patients have an increased cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and carotid plaques are markers of subclinical atherosclerosis and predictors of CV events. Objective: To perform a meta-analysis of studies evaluating the impact of Vitamin D deficiency on common carotid artery IMT (CCA-IMT) and on the prevalence of carotid plaques. Data Sources: Studies were systematically searched in the PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and EMBASE databases...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590505/carotid-endarterectomy-for-symptomatic-carotid-stenosis
#10
REVIEW
Saritphat Orrapin, Kittipan Rerkasem
BACKGROUND: Stroke is the third leading cause of death and the most common cause of long-term disability. Severe narrowing (stenosis) of the carotid artery is an important cause of stroke. Surgical treatment (carotid endarterectomy) may reduce the risk of stroke, but carries a risk of operative complications. This is an update of the Cochrane Review, originally published in 1999, and most recently updated in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To determine the balance of benefit versus risk of endarterectomy plus best medical management compared with best medical management alone, in people with a recent symptomatic carotid stenosis (i...
June 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580530/endovascular-treatment-in-patients-with-carotid-artery-dissection-and-intracranial-occlusion-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Jan W Hoving, Henk A Marquering, Charles B L M Majoie
PURPOSE: Recently, multiple randomised controlled trials showed efficacy of endovascular treatment over traditional care in patients with acute ischemic stroke due to an intracranial anterior circulation occlusion. Internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection with a concomitant intracranial occlusion is a rare but important cause of severe acute ischemic stroke. Although this subtype of acute ischemic stroke is mostly treated with endovascular treatment, treatment outcomes are still sparsely studied...
July 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574045/-surgical-treatment-of-patients-with-haemodynamically-significant-stenosis-of-the-internal-carotid-artery-and-contralateral-occlusion
#12
REVIEW
A V Gavrilenko, A V Kuklin, A V Novikov
Presented herein is a review of the literature dedicated to the problem regarding surgical management of patients with haemodynamically significant stenosis of the internal carotid artery and collateral occlusion. Special consideration is given to the studies comparing perioperative and early postoperative outcomes of carotid endarterectomy in patients with the nosology concerned. The literature was retrieved by means of the following databases Scopus, Web of Science, Medline, and the Russian Science Citation Index...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548478/influencing-of-antioxidants-gene-variants-on-risk-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-complications-a-systematic-review
#13
Fatemeh Bitarafan, Mehrnoosh Khodaeian, Ozra Tabatabaei-Malazy, Mahsa M Amoli
INTRODUCTION: Oxidative stress has a key role in pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its complications as a most common health problem. Due to controversial evidence regarding the association between antioxidants' gene varients and T2DM, our aim was a systematic review of the current meta-analyses. EVIDENCE ACQUISTION: All meta-analysis' studies which assessed the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, glutathione peroxidase (GPX), glutathione S transferase (GST), nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NOX) with T2DM and its complications were systematically extracted from PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases up to January 2016...
May 26, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545166/childhood-predictors-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
O Ajala, F Mold, C Boughton, D Cooke, M Whyte
Childhood obesity predicts the risk of adult adiposity, which is associated with the earlier onset of cardiovascular disease [adult atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, ACVD: hypertension, increased carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) stroke, ischemic heart disease (IHD)] and dysglycaemia. Because it is not known whether childhood obesity contributes to these diseases, we conducted a systematic review of studies that examine the ability of measures of obesity in childhood to predict dysglycaemia and ACVD...
May 25, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495950/carotid-bulb-webs-as-a-cause-of-cryptogenic-ischemic-stroke
#15
P I Sajedi, J N Gonzalez, C A Cronin, T Kouo, A Steven, J Zhuo, O Thompson, R Castellani, S J Kittner, D Gandhi, P Raghavan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Carotid webs are intraluminal shelf-like filling defects at the carotid bulb with recently recognized implications in patients with recurrent ischemic stroke. We sought to determine whether carotid webs are an under-recognized cause of "cryptogenic" ischemic stroke and to estimate their prevalence in the general population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of neck CTA studies in young patients with cryptogenic stroke over the past 6 years (n = 33) was performed to determine the prevalence of carotid webs compared with a control group of patients who received neck CTA studies for reasons other than ischemic stroke (n = 63)...
July 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450432/safety-and-efficacy-of-aneurysm-treatment-with-the-web-results-of-the-webcast-2-study
#16
L Pierot, I Gubucz, J H Buhk, M Holtmannspötter, D Herbreteau, L Stockx, L Spelle, J Berkefeld, A-C Januel, A Molyneux, J V Byrne, J Fiehler, I Szikora, X Barreau
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Flow disruption with the Woven EndoBridge (WEB) device is an innovative technique for the endovascular treatment of wide-neck bifurcation aneurysms. The initial version of the device (WEB Double-Layer) was evaluated in the WEB Clinical Assessment of IntraSaccular Aneurysm Therapy (WEBCAST) study, whereas the French Observatory study evaluated both WEB Double-Layer and Single-Layer versions of the device. WEBCAST 2 was designed to evaluate the WEB Single-Layer with Enhanced Visualization...
April 27, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390769/vascular-applications-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-imaging
#17
REVIEW
Kunal S Mehta, Jake J Lee, Ashraf A Taha, Efthymios Avgerinos, Rabih A Chaer
OBJECTIVE: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) imaging is a powerful noninvasive modality offering numerous potential diagnostic and therapeutic applications in vascular medicine. CEUS imaging uses microbubble contrast agents composed of an encapsulating shell surrounding a gaseous core. These microbubbles act as nearly perfect intravascular reflectors of ultrasound energy and may be used to enhance the overall contrast and quality of ultrasound images. The purpose of this narrative review is to survey the current literature regarding CEUS imaging and discuss its diagnostic and therapeutic roles in current vascular and selected nonvascular applications...
July 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302610/selective-versus-standard-poststent-dilation-for-carotid-artery-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
O Petr, W Brinjikji, M H Murad, B Glodny, G Lanzino
BACKROUND: The safety and efficacy of standard poststent angioplasty in patients undergoing carotid artery stent placement have not been well-established. PURPOSE: We conducted a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the safety and efficacy of carotid artery stent placement and analyzed outcomes of standard-versus-selective poststent angioplasty. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, and the Web of Science was performed for studies published between January 2000 and January 2015...
May 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285652/circulating-adiponectin-levels-in-relation-to-carotid-atherosclerotic-plaque-presence-ischemic-stroke-risk-and-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#19
REVIEW
Jessica Gorgui, Karina Gasbarrino, Marios K Georgakis, Maria A Karalexi, Bénédicte Nauche, Eleni Th Petridou, Stella S Daskalopoulou
BACKGROUND: Low circulating levels of adiponectin, an anti-inflammatory and vasculoprotective adipokine, are associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes, and atherosclerotic disease. Presence of unstable plaques in the carotid artery is a known etiological factor causing ischemic strokes. Herein, we systematically reviewed the association between circulating adiponectin and progression of carotid atherosclerotic disease, particularly evaluating the occurrence of (1) carotid atherosclerotic plaques, (2) ischemic stroke, and (3) mortality in subjects who suffered a previous ischemic stroke...
April 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265722/mr-imaging-of-carotid-webs
#20
Mari E Boesen, Prasanna Venkatesan Eswaradass, Dilip Singh, Alim P Mitha, Mayank Goyal, Richard Frayne, Bijoy K Menon
PURPOSE: We propose a magnetic resonance (MR) imaging protocol for the characterization of carotid web morphology, composition, and vessel wall dynamics. The purpose of this case series was to determine the feasibility of imaging carotid webs with MR imaging. METHODS: Five patients diagnosed with carotid web on CT angiography were recruited to undergo a 30-min MR imaging session. MR angiography (MRA) images of the carotid artery bifurcation were acquired. Multi-contrast fast spin echo (FSE) images were acquired axially about the level of the carotid web...
April 2017: Neuroradiology
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