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SES calculation

J L Carneiro, I M Caldas, A Afonso, H F V Cardoso
INTRODUCTION: The impact of socioeconomic status (SES) on tooth mineralization has seldom been evaluated. This is important because SES can be used as a proxy for quantifying factors in the environmental that can impact mineralization but that can be difficult to measure directly, such as nutrition. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the effects of SES on third molar mineralization, using a sample of children, adolescents and young adults from Porto, Portugal...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Christine Elizabeth Friesen, Patrick Seliske, Andrew Papadopoulos
Objectives. Socioeconomic status (SES) is a comprehensive indicator of health status and is useful in area-level health research and informing public health resource allocation. Principal component analysis (PCA) is a useful tool for developing SES indices to identify area-level disparities in SES within communities. While SES research in Canada has relied on census data, the voluntary nature of the 2011 National Household Survey challenges the validity of its data, especially income variables. This study sought to determine the appropriateness of replacing census income information with tax filer data in neighbourhood SES index development...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Marlene Macinnes, Gary Macpherson, Jessica Austin, Matthias Schwannauer
Previous research has found an association between childhood trauma and insecure attachment and psychological distress, risk of violence and engagement in therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between these factors in a forensic population. Sixty-four participants from three secure psychiatric hospitals completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), the Relationship Scales Questionnaire (RSQ) and the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation - Outcome Measure (CORE-OM). Overall scores from participants' Historical Clinical Risk Management Violence Risk Assessment Scheme, (HCR-20) were calculated...
September 29, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Kerstin Schmidt, Jörg Schmidtke, Paul Schmidt, Christian Kohl, Ralf Wilhelm, Joachim Schiemann, Hilko van der Voet, Pablo Steinberg
The data of four 90-day feeding trials and a 1-year feeding trial with the genetically modified (GM) maize MON810 in Wistar Han RCC rats performed in the frame of EU-funded project GRACE were analysed. Firstly, the data obtained from the groups having been fed the non-GM maize diets were combined to establish a historical control data set for Wistar Han RCC rats at the animal housing facility (Slovak Medical University, Bratislava, Slovakia). The variability of all parameters is described, and the reference values and ranges have been derived...
October 11, 2016: Archives of Toxicology
Nighat Y Sofi, Monika Jain, Umesh Kapil, Vuthaluru Seenu, Vineet Kumar Kamal, Ravinder Mohan Pandey
To study the nutritional risk factors and status of serum 25(OH)D levels in patients with breast cancer. A total of 100 women (cases) with confirmed breast cancer (BC) matched with equal number of healthy females (controls) of similar age and socioeconomic status (SES) were included in study. Controls included were nonbreast cancer patients who accompanied the patients to a tertiary care hospital. All the subjects (cases and controls) were administered a questionnaires to collect data on socioeconomic status, dietary pattern and the frequency of food consumption using a validated food frequency questionnaire...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Sara Pereira, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Thayse Natacha Gomes, Michele Souza, Raquel N Chaves, Fernanda K Dos Santos, Daniel Santos, Donald Hedeker, José A R Maia
BACKGROUND: Somatotype is a complex trait influenced by different genetic and environmental factors as well as by other covariates whose effects are still unclear. AIM: To (1) estimate siblingś resemblance in their general somatotype; (2) identify sib-pair (brother-brother (BB), sister-sister (SS), brother-sister (BS)) similarities in individual somatotype components; (3) examine the degree to which between and within variances differ among sib-ships; (4) investigate the effects of physical activity (PA) and family socioeconomic status (SES) on these relationships...
September 29, 2016: Annals of Human Biology
Ruth Link-Gelles, Daniel Westreich, Allison E Aiello, Nong Shang, David J Weber, Corinne Holtzman, Karen Scherzinger, Arthur Reingold, William Schaffner, Lee H Harrison, Jennifer B Rosen, Susan Petit, Monica Farley, Ann Thomas, Jeffrey Eason, Christine Wigen, Meghan Barnes, Ola Thomas, Shelley Zansky, Bernard Beall, Cynthia G Whitney, Matthew R Moore
In 2010, 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) was introduced in the US for prevention of invasive pneumococcal disease in children. Individual-level socioeconomic status (SES) is a potential confounder of the estimated effectiveness of PCV13 and is often controlled for in observational studies using zip code as a proxy. We assessed the utility of zip code matching for control of SES in a post-licensure evaluation of the effectiveness of PCV13 (calculated as [1-matched odds ratio]*100). We used a directed acyclic graph to identify subsets of confounders and collected SES variables from birth certificates, geo-coding, a parent interview, and follow-up with medical providers...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
Zachary Zimmer, Heidi A Hanson, Ken R Smith
Considering a network approach to health determinants, we test the hypothesis that benefits of high socioeconomic status (SES) may be transmitted up the generational ladder from offspring to parents. Studies that examine own SES and own health outcomes, or SES of parents and outcomes of young or adolescent children, are common. Those that investigate SES of offspring and their association with parental health are rare. Employing data from a historical population of individuals extracted from a comprehensive population database that links demographic and vital records across generations, this study tests the hypothesis that higher offspring SES associates with lower parental mortality after controlling for parental SES...
October 2016: Demography
Jordi Rimola, Almudena Alvarez-Cofiño, Tamara Pérez-Jeldres, Carmen Ayuso, Ignacio Alfaro, Sonia Rodríguez, Elena Ricart, Ingrid Ordás, Julián Panés
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) is an accurate examination for assessing activity in Crohn's disease (CD). Various MRE indices have been developed for that purpose, but have not been directly compared. The aim of the study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of three MRE indices for detecting and grading disease activity in CD, using endoscopy as gold standard. METHODS: MRE and ileocolonoscopies performed within 1 month in 43 patients with CD were analyzed...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
Mary T Austin, Emma Hamilton, Denna Zebda, Hoang Nguyen, Jan M Eberth, Yuchia Chang, Linda S Elting, David I Sandberg
OBJECTIVE Health disparities in access to care, early detection, and survival exist among adult patients with cancer. However, there have been few reports assessing how health disparities impact pediatric patients with malignancies. The objective in this study was to examine the impact of racial/ethnic and social factors on disease presentation and outcome for children with primary CNS solid tumors. METHODS The authors examined all children (age ≤ 18 years) in whom CNS solid tumors were diagnosed and who were enrolled in the Texas Cancer Registry between 1995 and 2009 (n = 2421)...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Weiwei Xia, Carsten Dahl Mørch, Ole Kæseler Andersen
BACKGROUND: 10 Hz conditioning electrical stimulation (CES) has been shown to induce long-term potentiation (LTP)-like pain amplification similar to traditional 100 Hz CES in healthy humans. The aim of this study was to assess the test-retest reliability and to estimate sample sizes required for future crossover and parallel study designs. METHODS: The 10 Hz paradigm (500 rectangular pulses lasting 50 s) was repeated on two separate days with one week interval in twenty volunteers...
2016: PloS One
Sonia Rodríguez-Ramírez, Alicia Muñoz-Espinosa, Juan A Rivera, Dinorah González-Castell, Teresita González de Cosío
BACKGROUND: Mexico faces malnutrition problems in the child population. Analysis of food consumption in small children allows us to identify and propose strategies focused on feeding to improve their nutritional status. OBJECTIVE: We described the consumption of beverages and food groups in Mexican children <24 mo of age. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 926 children aged <24 mo participating in the 2012 ENSANUT (National Health and Nutrition Study)...
September 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Andrea Pedroza-Tobías, Lucía Hernández-Barrera, Nancy López-Olmedo, Armando García-Guerra, Sonia Rodríguez-Ramírez, Ivonne Ramírez-Silva, Salvador Villalpando, Alicia Carriquiry, Juan A Rivera
BACKGROUND: In the past several years, the consumption of high-energy, nutrient-poor foods has increased globally. Dietary intake data collected by the National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT) 2012 provide information to assess the quality of the Mexican diet and to guide food and nutrition policy. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to describe the usual intake and the prevalence of inadequate intakes of vitamins for the overall Mexican population and by subgroups defined by sex, age, region, urban or rural areas, and socioeconomic status (SES)...
September 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Reena Khanna, Sigrid A Nelson, Brian G Feagan, Geert D'Haens, William J Sandborn, G Y Zou, John K MacDonald, Claire E Parker, Vipul Jairath, Barrett G Levesque
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic assessment of mucosal disease activity is widely used to determine eligibility and response to therapy in clinical trials of treatment for Crohn's disease. However, the operating properties of the currently available endoscopic indices remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: A systematic review was undertaken to evaluate the development and operating characteristics of the Crohn's Disease Endoscopic Index of Severity (CDEIS) and Simple Endoscopic Scale for Crohn's Disease (SES-CD)...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Pannipa Suwannasom, Yoshinobu Onuma, Edouard Benit, Olivier Gach, Clemens von Birgelen, Sjoerd H Hofma, Yohei Sotomi, Xu Bo, Yao-Jun Zhang, Runlin Gao, Hector M García-García, Joanna J Wykrzykowska, Robbert J de Winter, Patrick W Serruys
AIMS: Our aim was to assess vascular response after polymer-free sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation by using an optical coherence tomography (OCT)-derived vascular healing score (HS), quantifying the deficiency of healing. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a prospective, multicentre, single-arm, open-label study, OCT examinations were performed at three months in 45 patients (47 lesions). Per protocol, 24 lesions which had not reached adequate vascular healing according to study criteria were scheduled for OCT examination at six months...
2016: EuroIntervention
Theodora M Ripping, Danielle van der Waal, André L M Verbeek, Mireille J M Broeders
Breast cancer incidence and mortality are higher in women with a high socioeconomic status (SES). The potential to prevent death from breast cancer is therefore greater in the high SES group. This does, however, require that the effectiveness of screening in the high SES group is equal to or greater than the effectiveness in the low SES group. The aim of this study is to assess the relative effectiveness of mammographic screening on breast cancer mortality by SES.In Nijmegen, the Netherlands, women are invited to participate in biennial mammographic screening since 1975...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Adam R Aluisio, Pia Daniel, Andrew Grock, Joseph Freedman, Ajai Singh, Dimitrios Papanagnou, Bonnie Arquilla
OBJECTIVE: In resource-constrained environments, appropriately employing triage in disaster situations is crucial. Although both case-based learning (CBL) and simulation exercises (SEs) commonly are utilized in teaching disaster preparedness to adult learners, there is no substantial evidence supporting one as a more efficacious methodology. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluated the effectiveness of CBL versus SEs in addition to standard didactic instruction in knowledge attainment pertaining to disaster triage preparedness...
October 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Marco Laubacher, Efe A Aksöz, Stuart Binder-Macleod, Kenneth J Hunt
Spatially distributed sequential stimulation (SDSS) has demonstrated substantial power output and fatigue benefits compared to single electrode stimulation (SES) in the application of functional electrical stimulation (FES). This asymmetric electrode setup brings new possibilities but also new questions since precise placement of the electrodes is one critical factor for good muscle activation. The aim of this study was to compare the power output, fatigue and activation properties of proximally versus distally placed SDSS electrodes in an isokinetic knee extension task simulating knee movement during recumbent cycling...
June 13, 2016: European Journal of Translational Myology
Jong-Myon Bae, Eun Hee Kim
OBJECTIVES: In the context of supplementary antioxidants having no anticancer effect, it is important to update the meta-analysis to evaluate whether there is an association between intake of citrus fruit and gastric cancer risk. METHODS: The list of articles to be searched was established using citation discovery tools provided by PubMed and Scopus. The effect size of each article to be used in meta-analysis was calculated using the interval-collapse method. Summary effect size (sES) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were obtained by conducting this meta-analysis...
2016: Epidemiology and Health
Euijung Ryu, Chung-Il Wi, Sheri S Crow, Sebastian M Armasu, Philip H Wheeler, Jeff A Sloan, Barbara P Yawn, Timothy J Beebe, Arthur R Williams, Young J Juhn
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic status (SES) is a well-established risk factor for many health outcomes. Recently, we developed an SES measure based on 4 housing-related characteristics (termed HOUSES) and demonstrated its ability to assess health disparities. In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether fewer housing-related characteristics could be used to provide a similar representation of SES. STUDY SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We performed a cross-sectional study using parents/guardians of children aged 1-17 years from 2 US Midwestern counties (n=728 in Olmsted County, Minnesota, and n=701 in Jackson County, Missouri)...
2016: BMJ Open
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