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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549487/changes-in-waist-circumference-and-abdominal-obesity-among-chinese-adults-over-a-ten-year-period
#1
Yi Zhai, Hong Yun Fang, Wen Tao Yu, Dong Mei Yu, Li Yun Zhao, Xiao Feng Liang, Wen Hua Zhao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe changes in waist circumference (WC) and prevalence of abdominal obesity over a period of 10 years among Chinese adults in different socio-economic status (SES). METHODS: Data derived from the China Nutrition and Health Surveillance during 2002 and 2010-2012. We calculated the mean WC and the prevalence of abdominal obesity by gender, place of residence, SES indicators (education, income, and marital status), and body mass index (BMI) categoriesand used pooled t-tests to assess the differences between the two time periods...
May 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465554/survival-changes-in-patients-with-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-disparities-between-different-sexes-socioeconomic-statuses-and-ages
#2
Shuncong Wang, Jianjun Tang, Tiantian Sun, Xiaobin Zheng, Jie Li, Hongliu Sun, Xiuling Zhou, Cuiling Zhou, Hongyu Zhang, Zhibin Cheng, Haiqing Ma, Huanhuan Sun
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC), as a proportion, makes up only 15-17% of lung cancer cases. The development of treatments for SCLC has remained stagnant for decades, and SCLC is expected to persist as a threat to human health. To date, no publications based on large populations have been reported. We calculated survival changes in patients with SCLC during each decade between 1983 and 2012 to determine the roles of race, sex, age, and socioeconomic status (SES) on survival rates based on the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registries...
May 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457747/food-insecurity-and-mental-health-status-a-global-analysis-of-149-countries
#3
Andrew D Jones
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to determine the association of individual-level food insecurity (FI) with mental health status across all global regions. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were analyzed in 2016 from the 2014 Gallup World Poll, a series of globally implemented, nationally representative surveys. FI was assessed using the Food Insecurity Experience Scale Survey Module for Individuals, an eight-question psychometric scale reporting individuals' experiences of FI...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449415/socioeconomic-determinants-of-growth-in-a-longitudinal-study-in-nepal
#4
Delan Devakumar, Dalvir Kular, Bhim P Shrestha, Carlos Grijalva-Eternod, Rhian M Daniel, Naomi M Saville, Dharma S Manandhar, Anthony Costello, David Osrin, Jonathan C K Wells
Socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with childhood anthropometry, but little is known about how it is associated with tissue growth and body composition. To investigate this, we looked at components of SES at birth with growth in early and mid-childhood, and body composition in a longitudinal study in Nepal. The exposure variables (material assets, land ownership, and maternal education) were quantified from questionnaire data before birth. Anthropometry data at birth, 2.5 and 8.5 years, were normalized using WHO reference ranges and conditional growth calculated...
April 27, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444902/trajectory-of-social-inequalities-in-the-treatment-of-dental-caries-among-preschool-children-in-japan
#5
Jun Aida, Yusuke Matsuyama, Takahiro Tabuchi, Yuko Komazaki, Toru Tsuboya, Tsuguhiko Kato, Ken Osaka, Takeo Fujiwara
OBJECTIVES: The longitudinal trend of dental health inequalities among preschool children has not been described. In this study, we aimed to measure the trajectory of both relative and absolute inequalities in caries treatment among preschool children in Japan. METHODS: We used data from the Longitudinal Survey of Babies in the 21st Century (LSB21), which is an ongoing national representative longitudinal study. The target population was families residing in Japan with newborn baby/babies born between 10 January and 17 January or 10 July and 17 July 2001...
April 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440535/socioeconomic-status-and-its-relationship-to-chronic-respiratory-disease
#6
Sonu Sahni, Ankoor Talwar, Sameer Khanijo, Arunabh Talwar
Socioeconomic status (SES) is defined as an individual's social or economic standing, and is a measure of an individual's or family's social or economic position or rank in a social group. It is a composite of several measures including income, education, occupation, location of residence or housing. Studies have found a lower SES has been linked to disproportionate access to health care in many diseases. There is emerging data in pulmonary diseases such as COPD, asthma, cystic fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension and other chronic respiratory conditions that allude to a similar observation noted in other chronic diseases...
2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427361/lifestyle-related-factors-that-explain-disaster-induced-changes-in-socioeconomic-status-and-poor-subjective-health-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#7
Masato Nagai, Tetsuya Ohira, Wen Zhang, Hironori Nakano, Masaharu Maeda, Seiji Yasumura, Masafumi Abe
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) and lifestyle-related factors are determinants of subjective health. However, changes in SES are inevitable in times of natural disaster, while lifestyle-related factors remain modifiable. The aim of this study was to use a cross-sectional approach to examine lifestyle-related factors that may attenuate the negative impact of disaster-induced changes in SES on poor subjective health. METHODS: We analyzed 33,350 men and women aged 20-64 years who were living in evacuation zones due to the radiation accident in Fukushima, Japan...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425739/sleep-duration-partially-accounts-for-race-differences-in-diurnal-cortisol-dynamics
#8
Laurel M Peterson, Karissa G Miller, Patricia M Wong, Barbara P Anderson, Thomas W Kamarck, Karen A Matthews, Clemens Kirschbaum, Stephen B Manuck
OBJECTIVE: Emerging research demonstrates race differences in diurnal cortisol slope, an indicator of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA)-axis functioning associated with morbidity and mortality, with African Americans showing flatter diurnal slopes than their White counterparts. Sleep characteristics are associated with both race and with HPA-axis functioning. The present report examines whether sleep duration may account for race differences in cortisol dynamics. METHOD: Participants were 424 employed African American and White adults (mean age = 42...
May 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386849/awareness-of-osteoporosis-among-female-head-of-household-an-iranian-experience
#9
Pouria Khashayar, Mostafa Qorbani, Abbasali Keshtkar, Patricia Khashayar, Amir Ziaee, Bagher Larijani
More than 81% of the studied women had a poor knowledge of different aspects of osteoporosis and its complications, suggesting that more educational programs targeting women in particular are needed to help improve the osteoporosis practice in the societies and reduce the burden of the disease. PURPOSE: The family structure has changed considerably in the past decade. But, women from Iran and many countries in the region and even families with similar cultural background living in other parts of the world are still responsible for childcare as well as the lifestyle adapted by the family...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385691/energy-density-of-foods-and-diets-in-mexico-and-their-monetary-cost-by-socioeconomic-strata-analyses-of-ensanut-data-2012
#10
Alfonso Mendoza, Ana E Pérez, Anju Aggarwal, Adam Drewnowski
BACKGROUND: In January 2014, Mexico implemented an 8% tax on non-essential foods with energy density ≥275 kcal/100 g, with a view to prevent obesity. This study explored energy density of foods and diets in Mexico and their monetary cost across population subgroups. METHODS: Dietary intakes for 3057 adults (ages ≥19 years) were obtained from the nationally representative Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición (ENSANUT 2012). Energy density (kcal/g) was calculated for foods, food groups and total diets...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353624/cochlear-implants-versus-hearing-aids-in-a-middle-income-country-costs-productivity-and-quality-of-life
#11
Felipe Montes, Augusto Peñaranda, Santiago Correa, Daniel Peñaranda, Juan-Manuel García, Maria Leonor Aparicio, Andrea Ramírez Varela, Mario Castillo
OBJECTIVE: In Colombia there are three main treatment approaches for bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss, also known as profound deafness (PD): cochlear implants (CI), hearing aids (HA), and no treatment (NT). The objective of this study is to determine the optimal treatment approach for PD in terms of productivity and cost-effectiveness. STUDY DESIGN: Hearing levels and SES data were obtained from audiometric tests conducted on 100 patients with CI. For each treatment approach, productivity and cost-effectiveness assessments were estimated using influence diagrams and Monte Carlo simulations...
June 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337523/hip-fracture-incidence-and-social-deprivation-results-from-a-french-ecological-study
#12
M -P Petit, J Bryère, M Maravic, F Pallaro, C Marcelli
The association between socioeconomic status (SES) and hip fracture (HF) incidence was analyzed in France in 2008. In men and women, a decrease in HF incidence was observed as the social deprivation index increased. This result may be partly due to the protective effect of increasing body weight against HF. INTRODUCTION: Regional variations in hip fracture (HF) incidence exist worldwide. Reasons for these variations remain unknown. As regional variations have also been observed for socioeconomic status, we analyzed the association between socioeconomic deprivation (SED) and HF incidence in France in 2008...
March 23, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327450/impact-of-attenuated-signal-plaque-observed-by-intravascular-ultrasound-on-vessel-response-after-drug-eluting-stent-implantation
#13
Hideki Kitahara, Katsuhisa Waseda, Kenji Sakamoto, Ryotaro Yamada, Ching-Chang Huang, Daisaku Nakatani, Kenji Sakata, Osami Kawarada, Paul G Yock, Yutaka Matsuyama, Hiroyoshi Yokoi, Masato Nakamura, Toshiya Muramatsu, Shinsuke Nanto, Peter J Fitzgerald, Yasuhiro Honda
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of attenuated-signal plaque (ASP) observed by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) on vessel response after drug-eluting stent implantation. METHODS: Data were derived from the IVUS cohort of the J-DESsERT trial comparing paclitaxel- and sirolimus-eluting stents. Serial IVUS analysis (pre- and post-intervention, and 8-month follow-up) was performed in 136 non-AMI lesions. ASP was defined as hypoechoic plaque with ultrasound attenuation without calcification...
April 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315779/energy-and-macronutrient-intake-over-the-course-of-the-day-of-german-adults-a-dedipac-study
#14
Friederike Wittig, Eva Hummel, Germaine Wenzler, Thorsten Heuer
The aim of the study was to analyze the energy and macronutrient intake over the course of the day of selected population groups in Germany defined by sex, age, BMI, SES, and diet quality. The study was based on food consumption data from the German National Nutrition Survey II (2005-2007) assessed by two 4-day dietary weighing records of 662 women and men aged between 18 and 80 years. Energy and macronutrient intake were calculated using the German Nutrient Database 3.02 and summarized for the periods 'morning', 'midday', 'afternoon', 'evening', and 'night'...
March 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296194/association-between-diabetes-mellitus-and-incidence-and-case-fatality-after-stroke-due-to-intracerebral-haemorrhage-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Marion Boulanger, Rustam Al-Shahi Salman, Jan Kerssens, Sarah H Wild
We investigated the associations between types of diabetes and ICH incidence and case-fatality after ICH, in a retrospective cohort study of people aged 40-89 years in Scotland 2004-2013 using linkage of population-based records of diagnosed diabetes, hospital discharges and deaths. We calculated ICH incidence and 30-day case-fatality after hospital admission for ICH and their relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) for people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes compared to people without diabetes adjusting for age, sex and socio-economic status (SES)...
March 9, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292256/a-novel-measure-and-significance-testing-in-data-analysis-of-cell-image-segmentation
#16
Jin Chu Wu, Michael Halter, Raghu N Kacker, John T Elliott, Anne L Plant
BACKGROUND: Cell image segmentation (CIS) is an essential part of quantitative imaging of biological cells. Designing a performance measure and conducting significance testing are critical for evaluating and comparing the CIS algorithms for image-based cell assays in cytometry. Many measures and methods have been proposed and implemented to evaluate segmentation methods. However, computing the standard errors (SE) of the measures and their correlation coefficient is not described, and thus the statistical significance of performance differences between CIS algorithms cannot be assessed...
March 14, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272962/socioeconomic-determinants-of-sodium-intake-in-adult-populations-of-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Carlos de Mestral, Ana-Lucia Mayén, Dusan Petrovic, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Murielle Bochud, Silvia Stringhini
BACKGROUND: A poorer quality diet among individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) may partly explain the higher burden of noncommunicable disease among disadvantaged populations. Because there is a link between sodium intake and noncommunicable diseases, we systematically reviewed the current evidence on the social patterning of sodium intake. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the evidence on the association between SES and sodium intake in healthy adult populations of high-income countries...
April 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216137/low-predictive-value-of-histopathological-scoring-system-for-complications-development-in-children-with-crohn-s-disease
#18
Ondrej Fabian, Ondrej Hradsky, Kristyna Potuznikova, Alena Kalfusova, Lenka Krskova, Ludmila Hornofova, Josef Zamecnik, Jiri Bronsky
OBJECTIVES: In pediatric Crohn's disease (PCD), the benefit of microscopy in disease activity assessment and prediction of clinical outcome is, due to the focality and transmurality of the inflammation, disputable. We investigated whether histopathological scoring system predicts complications in pediatric CD and correlates with endoscopical and clinical scores. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study on 63 patients. Endoscopy in the time of diagnosis was evaluated using the Simple Endoscopic Score (SES) and histopathology with the Global Histology Activity Score, both in its original version (GHAS) and its modification (modGHAS)...
January 15, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207328/socioeconomic-determinants-of-sodium-intake-in-adult-populations-of-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Carlos de Mestral, Ana-Lucia Mayén, Dusan Petrovic, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Murielle Bochud, Silvia Stringhini
BACKGROUND: A poorer quality diet among individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) may partly explain the higher burden of noncommunicable disease among disadvantaged populations. Because there is a link between sodium intake and noncommunicable diseases, we systematically reviewed the current evidence on the social patterning of sodium intake. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the evidence on the association between SES and sodium intake in healthy adult populations of high-income countries...
April 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188307/early-life-risk-factors-for-cerebrovascular-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Ellen V Backhouse, Caroline A McHutchison, Vera Cvoro, Susan D Shenkin, Joanna M Wardlaw
OBJECTIVE: Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) causes subclinical brain vascular lesions detected using neuroimaging and childhood factors may increase later CVD risk. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and EMBASE, and meta-analyzed all available evidence on childhood (premorbid) IQ, socioeconomic status (SES), education, and subclinical CVD in later life. Overall odds ratios (OR), mean difference or correlation, and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using random effects methods...
March 7, 2017: Neurology
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