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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774241/active-learning-increases-children-s-physical-activity-across-demographic-subgroups
#1
John B Bartholomew, Esbelle M Jowers, Gregory Roberts, Anna-Mária Fall, Vanessa L Errisuriz, Sharon Vaughn
Purpose: Given the need to find more opportunities for physical activity within the elementary school day, this study was designed to asses the impact of I-CAN!, active lessons on: 1) student physical activity (PA) outcomes via accelerometry; and 2) socioeconomic status (SES), race, sex, body mass index (BMI), or fitness as moderators of this impact. Methods: Participants were 2,493 fourth grade students (45.9% male, 45.8% white, 21.7% low SES) from 28 central Texas elementary schools randomly assigned to intervention (n=19) or control (n=9)...
January 2018: Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771680/factors-associated-with-time-between-using-a-drug-and-injection-initiation-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-kermanshah-iran
#2
Mehdi Noroozi, Mohammad Hassan Farhadi, Bahram Armoon, Ali Farhoudian, Zahra Jorjoran Shushtari, Asaad Sharhani, Salah Eddin Karimi, Mohammad Sayadnasiri, Omid Rezaei, Hesam Ghiasvand
Background The transition from non-injection to injection drug use dramatically increases the risk of transmitting HIV and other blood borne infections including hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). The aim of this study was to explore factors associated with the transition from first illicit drug use to first injection among drug users. Methods Using snowball sampling and convenience sampling through needle and syringe programmes (NSPs), we recruited 500 people who inject drugs (PWID) in Kermanshah, between September and December 2014...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739402/socioeconomic-inequality-of-unintended-pregnancy-in-the-iranian-population-a-decomposition-approach
#3
Reza Omani-Samani, Mostafa Amini Rarani, Mahdi Sepidarkish, Esmaeil Khedmati Morasae, Saman Maroufizadeh, Amir Almasi-Hashiani
BACKGROUND: There are several studies regarding the predictors or risk factors of unintended pregnancy, but only a small number of studies have been carried out concerning the socio-economic factors influencing the unintended pregnancy rate. This study aimed to determine the socioeconomic inequality of unintended pregnancy in Tehran, Iran, as a developing country. METHODS: In this hospital based cross-sectional study, 5152 deliveries from 103 hospitals in Tehran (the capital of Iran) were included in the analysis in July 2015...
May 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732918/cervical-cancer-sociodemographic-and-diagnostic-disparities-in-florida-a-population-based-study-1981-2013-by-stage-at-presentation
#4
Aliyah Gauri, Sarah E Messiah, Layla A Bouzoubaa, Kevin J Moore, Tulay Koru-Sengul
OBJECTIVE: Florida has one of the highest cervical cancer mortality rates and socioeconomically diverse populations in the United States. We used statewide population-based cancer registry data to assess disparities in cervical cancer stage at diagnosis. DESIGN: Primary invasive adult female cervical cancer patients in the Florida Cancer Data Registry (1981-2013) were linked with 2000 United States Census data. Early (localized) and advanced (regional and distant) stage at diagnosis was assessed by age, race, ethnicity, neighborhood socioeconomic-, marital-, and smoking- status...
May 5, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730981/evaluation-of-pharmaceutical-services-in-public-hospital-pharmacies-of-federal-district-brazil
#5
Rodrigo Fonseca Lima, Maria Inês De Toledo, Paulo Henrique Dourado Silva, Janeth De Oliveira Silva Naves
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pharmaceutical services in public hospital pharmacies of  the Federal District Health Department - Brazil (Secretaria de Saúde do Distrito  Federal, SES-DF). METHOD: A cross-sectional evaluative study involving the 15 public hospitals under the SES-DF management. Hospitals were characterized and classified into four hierarchical strata. The pharmaceutical services related  to programming (quantity of medication to order), acquisition, storage,  distribution, management, selection, information, pharmacotechnical  component, pharmacotherapy follow-up, teaching and research were evaluated  using validated indicators...
May 1, 2018: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707094/depressed-women-of-low-socioeconomic-status-have-high-numbers-of-physician-visits-in-the-year-before-pregnancy-implications-for-care
#6
Jenny Fairthorne, Gillian E Hanley, Tim F Oberlander
Background: There is a higher prevalence of depression in women of low socioeconomic status (SES) than other women. Further, previous depression is the best predictor of future depression. Therefore, due to the negative effects of maternal depression on the fetus and subsequent child, particularly in combination with low SES, depression is ideally treated before pregnancy. During the year before pregnancy and by SES, we aimed to assess the odds of a physician visit associated with maternal depression and the mean number of physician visits in women by depressive status...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697844/neighborhood-socioeconomic-status-sleep-duration-and-napping-in-middle-to-old-aged-us-men-and-women
#7
Qian Xiao, Lauren Hale
Study Objectives: Earlier studies have linked neighborhood disadvantage with poor sleep outcomes. However, little is known about the association between changes in one's neighborhood over time and night sleep and napping. In over 300,000 middle-to-old aged Americans, we examined neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) and change in neighborhood SES in relation to nocturnal sleep duration and napping. Methods: Nocturnal sleep duration and daytime napping were self-reported at baseline (1995-1996)...
April 25, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687009/prevalence-of-diabetes-and-relationship-with-socioeconomic-status-in-the-thai-population-national-health-examination-survey-2004-2014
#8
Wichai Aekplakorn, Suwat Chariyalertsak, Pattapong Kessomboon, Savitree Assanangkornchai, Surasak Taneepanichskul, Panwadee Putwatana
Objective: To determine the prevalence and trend of diabetes, related glycemic control, and influential socioeconomic (SES) factors in the Thai population aged ≥20 years during 2004-2014. Methods: Data from the Thai National Health Examination Survey 2004, 2009, and 2014 were used. Age-adjusted prevalence was calculated, and the associations of education levels with prevalence of diabetes and glycemic control were examined using logistic regression. Results: Age-adjusted prevalence of diabetes increased from 7...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682495/obesity-and-overweight-among-brazilian-early-adolescents-variability-across-region-socioeconomic-status-and-gender
#9
Chris Fradkin, Nadia C Valentini, Glauber C Nobre, João O L Dos Santos
Introduction: As with most emerging nations, Brazil lacks up-to-date data on the prevalence of obesity and overweight among its children. Of particular concern is the lack of data on children in early adolescence, considered by many to be the crucial stage for weight-related healthcare. Objective: To assess regional, socioeconomic, and gender differences in the prevalence of obesity and overweight among Brazilian early adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a racially diverse sample of students aged 10-13 years, from schools in three geographic regions (north, northeast, south) ( N  = 1,738)...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669059/measuring-adolescents-weight-socioeconomic-gradient-using-parental-socioeconomic-position
#10
Julie Akkoyun-Farinez, Abdou Y Omorou, Johanne Langlois, Elisabeth Spitz, Philip Böhme, Marie-Hélène Quinet, Laura Saez, Laurent Muller, Edith Lecomte, Karine Legrand, Serge Briançon
Background: There is an evidence of social inequalities in weight status in adolescence but the diversity of family socioeconomic status (SES) indicators can lead to discrepant findings. We aimed to identify how combination of family SES indicators can help measuring weight socioeconomic gradient (WSG) among adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional data from 2113 adolescents (13-18 years old) of the PRALIMAP-INÈS trial were used. Multiple SES indicators and assessment of weight status including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and self-perception of overweight were used...
April 13, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657058/incremental-prognostic-value-of-coronary-and-systemic-atherosclerosis-after-myocardial-infarction
#11
Fredrik Calais, Maja Eriksson Östman, Pär Hedberg, Andreas Rosenblad, Jerzy Leppert, Ole Fröbert
BACKGROUND: The role of systemic atherosclerosis in myocardial infarction (MI) patients is not fully understood. We investigated the incremental prognostic value of coronary and systemic atherosclerosis after acute MI by estimating extra-cardiac artery disease (ECAD) and extent of coronary atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study included 544 prospective MI patients undergoing coronary angiography. For all patients, the longitudinal coronary atherosclerotic extent, expressed as Sullivan extent score (SES) was calculated...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601609/withstanding-austerity-equity-in-health-services-utilisation-in-the-first-stage-of-the-economic-recession-in-southern-spain
#12
Juan Antonio Córdoba-Doña, Antonio Escolar-Pujolar, Miguel San Sebastián, Per E Gustafsson
Scant research is available on the impact of the current economic crisis and austerity policies on inequality in health services utilisation in Europe. This study aimed to describe the trends in horizontal inequity in the use of health services in Andalusia, Spain, during the early years of the Great Recession, and the contribution of demographic, economic and social factors. Consultation with a general practitioner (GP) and specialist, hospitalisation and emergency care were studied through the Andalusian Health Survey 2007 (pre-crisis) and 2011-2012 (crisis), using a composite income index as socioeconomic status (SES) indicator...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579442/will-hospital-peer-grouping-by-patient-socioeconomic-status-fix-the-medicare-hospital-readmission-reduction-program-or-create-new-problems
#13
Richard L Fuller, John S Hughes, Norbert I Goldfield, Richard F Averill
BACKGROUND: In 2016 the U.S. Congress directed the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) to implement the 21st Century Cures Act to fix a flaw in the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP). One section of the Act is intended to remove bias in calculating penalties for hospitals treating large percentages of low socioeconomic status (SES) patients. A study was conducted to analyze the effect of the introduction of SES hospital peer groups on the number and distribution of the hospitals being penalized...
April 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579363/gout-severity-socioeconomic-status-and-work-absence-a-cross-sectional-study-in-primary-care
#14
Zachary Bowen-Davies, Sara Muller, Christian D Mallen, Richard A Hayward, Edward Roddy
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between gout severity and (i) socioeconomic status; (ii) work absence. METHODS: Postal questionnaires were sent to adults registered with 20 general practices who had consulted with gout or been prescribed allopurinol or colchicine in the preceding two years. Gout severity was defined using proxy measures: number of attacks, history of oligo/polyarticular attacks, disease duration, and allopurinol use. Socioeconomic status (SES) was defined using the English index of multiple deprivation (IMD) (area-level) using self-reported educational attainment (individual level)...
March 26, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569230/socioeconomic-status-and-risk-of-intensive-care-unit-admission-with-sepsis
#15
L Storm, A Schnegelsberg, J Mackenhauer, L W Andersen, M K Jessen, H Kirkegaard
BACKGROUND: A recent study showed higher risk of bacteremia among individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES). We hypothesized that patients with a low SES have a higher risk of intensive care unit (ICU) admission with sepsis compared to patients with higher SES. METHODS: This was a case-control study on patients with sepsis admitted to the ICU at Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark (2008-2010). Three hundred eighty-three sepsis patients were matched on sex, age, and zip code with controls retrieved from the background population...
March 22, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544120/educational-differences-in-alcohol-consumption-and-heavy-drinking-an-age-period-cohort-perspective
#16
Camillia K Lui, William C Kerr, Nina Mulia, Yu Ye
BACKGROUND: Low socioeconomic status (SES) has been associated with lower alcohol consumption, but also with heavier drinking. To explain this contradictory relationship, we examined SES differences in drinking patterns from an age-period-cohort (APC) perspective. METHODS: Data are from seven waves of the U.S. National Alcohol Surveys from 1979 to 2010. As a proxy for SES, educational attainment was used. Past-year alcohol volume was calculated from frequency (never-to-every day) and usual quantity (1-2, 3-4, or 5-6 drinks)...
March 7, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538469/test-of-cure-retesting-and-extragenital-testing-practices-for-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-among-general-practitioners-in-different-socioeconomic-status-areas-a-retrospective-cohort-study-2011-2016
#17
Juliën N A P Wijers, Geneviève A F S van Liere, Christian J P A Hoebe, Jochen W L Cals, Petra F G Wolffs, Nicole H T M Dukers-Muijrers
BACKGROUND: For Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), a test of cure (TOC) within 3-5 weeks is not recommended. International guidelines differ in advising a Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) TOC. Retesting CT and NG positives within 3-12 months is recommended in international guidelines. We assessed TOC and retesting practices including extragenital testing in general practitioner (GP) practices located in different socioeconomic status (SES) areas to inform and optimize local test practices. METHODS: Laboratory data of 48 Dutch GP practices between January 2011 and July 2016 were used...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532282/the-role-of-income-in-brain-tumor-patients-a-descriptive-register-based-study-no-correlation-between-patients-income-and-development-of-brain-cancer
#18
Jonas Nilsson, Georg Holgersson, Jacob Järås, Stefan Bergström, Michael Bergqvist
Socioeconomic status (SES) and its association with cancer in general have been thoroughly studied in the last decades. Several studies have shown associations between SES and many types of cancer such as lung cancer, breast cancer, and prostate cancer. For gliomas, no clear occupational or exposure risk factors have been identified, although some possible risk factors such as use of cellular telephone are still controversial. The aim in the present study is to analyze whether there is an association between SES and development of brain cancer...
March 13, 2018: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529393/asthma-and-rhinitis-among-chinese-children-indoor-and-outdoor-air-pollution-and-indicators-of-socioeconomic-status-ses
#19
Dan Norbäck, Chan Lu, Juan Wang, Yinping Zhang, Baizhan Li, Zhuohui Zhao, Chen Huang, Xin Zhang, Hua Qian, Yuexia Sun, Jan Sundell, Qihong Deng
BACKGROUND: Few data exist on asthma and rhinitis across China in relation to indoor and outdoor air pollution, climate and socioeconomic factors. The main aim was to study associations between asthma, rhinitis and current respiratory symptoms among pre-school children across China and selected indoor and outdoor exposure and indicators of socio-economic status (SES) in mutually adjusted models. METHODS: Chinese children (3-6 yr.) (n = 39,782) were recruited from randomly selected day care centres in seven cities in China...
March 9, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528382/combined-endoscopic-sonographic-based-risk-matrix-model-for-predicting-one-year-risk-of-surgery-a-prospective-observational-study-of-a-tertiary-center-severe-refractory-crohn-s-disease-cohort
#20
Antonio Rispo, Nicola Imperatore, Anna Testa, Luigi Bucci, Gaetano Luglio, Giovanni Domenico De Palma, Matilde Rea, Olga Maria Nardone, Nicola Caporaso, Fabiana Castiglione
Background: In the management of Crohn's Disease (CD) patients, having a simple score combining clinical, endoscopic and imaging features to predict the risk of surgery could help to tailor treatment more effectively. AIMS: to prospectively evaluate the one-year risk factors for surgery in refractory/severe CD and to generate a risk matrix for predicting the probability of surgery at one year. Methods: CD patients needing a disease re-assessment at our tertiary IBD centre underwent clinical, laboratory, endoscopy and bowel sonography (BS) examinations within one week...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
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