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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736233/continued-increase-in-melanoma-incidence-across-all-socioeconomic-status-groups-in-california-1998-2012
#1
Christina A Clarke, Meg McKinley, Susan Hurley, Robert W Haile, Sally L Glaser, Theresa H M Keegan, Susan M Swetter
Melanoma incidence has been increasing in light-skinned populations worldwide, but the reasons for the increase have been controversial. Our prior assessment in California non-Hispanic whites showed substantial increases in invasive melanoma incidence for tumors of all thicknesses in all neighborhoods categorized by socioeconomic status (SES) between 1988-1992 and 1998-2002. To understand whether these trends continued, we updated our assessment to include the diagnosis period 2008-2012 and more accurate pathologic stage at diagnosis...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719626/impact-of-respiratory-infections-outdoor-pollen-and-socioeconomic-status-on-associations-between-air-pollutants-and-pediatric-asthma-hospital-admissions
#2
Julie E Goodman, Christine T Loftus, Xiaobin Liu, Ke Zu
BACKGROUND: Epidemiology studies have shown that ambient concentrations of ozone and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) are associated with increased emergency department (ED) visits and hospital admissions (HAs) for asthma. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact of outdoor pollen, respiratory infections, and socioeconomic status (SES) on the associations between ambient ozone and PM2.5 and asthma HAs in New York City. METHODS: Daily ozone, PM2.5, meteorological factors, pollen, and hospitalization records during 1999 to 2009 were obtained for New York City residents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700705/cumulative-effects-of-prenatal-exposure-to-exogenous-chemicals-and-psychosocial-stress-on-fetal-growth-systematic-review-of-the-human-and-animal-evidence
#3
Hanna M Vesterinen, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Saunak Sen, Lauren Zeise, Tracey J Woodruff
BACKGROUND: Adverse effects of prenatal stress or environmental chemical exposures on fetal growth are well described, yet their combined effect remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review on the combined impact and interaction of prenatal exposure to stress and chemicals on developmental outcomes. METHODS: We used the first three steps of the Navigation Guide systematic review. We wrote a protocol, performed a robust literature search to identify relevant animal and human studies and extracted data on developmental outcomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676083/measuring-individual-hierarchy-of-anxiety-invoking-sports-related-activities-development-and-validation-of-the-photographic-series-of-sports-activities-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-phosa-aclr
#4
Wim van Lankveld, Nicky van Melick, Bas Habets, Eefje Roelofsen, J Bart Staal, Robert van Cingel
BACKGROUND: Fear of harm (FoH) after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction (ACLR) should be addressed in physical therapy as it hampers return to sports. However, there are no instruments assessing FoH specific for ACLR. The objective of this study is to describe the development and measurement properties of the Photograph Series of Sports Activities for ACLR (PHOSA-ACLR) measuring ACL injury related FoH. METHODS: Based on literature and opinion of physical therapists with extensive experience in ACLR treatment, photographs depicting FoH inducing situations in ACL injury were considered for inclusion in the instrument...
July 4, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674921/power-output-and-fatigue-properties-using-spatially-distributed-sequential-stimulation-in-a-dynamic-knee-extension-task
#5
Marco Laubacher, Anil Efe Aksöz, Robert Riener, Stuart Binder-Macleod, Kenneth J Hunt
PURPOSE: The low power output and fatigue resistance during functional electrical stimulation (FES) limits its use for functional applications. The aim of this study was to compare the power output and fatigue properties of spatially distributed sequential stimulation (SDSS) against conventional single electrode stimulation (SES) in an isokinetic knee extension task simulating knee movement during recumbent cycling. METHODS: M. vastus lateralis and m. vastus medialis of eight able-bodied subjects were stimulated for 6 min on both legs with both setups...
July 3, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660469/childhood-socioeconomic-circumstances-and-depressive-symptom-burden-across-15%C3%A2-years-of-follow-up-during-midlife-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation-swan
#6
Joyce T Bromberger, Laura L Schott, Karen A Matthews, Howard M Kravitz, Siobán D Harlow, Jennifer Karas Montez
Childhood socioeconomic disadvantage may contribute to adult depression. Understanding pathways by which early socioeconomic adversity may shape adult depression is important for identifying areas for intervention. Studies to date have focused on one potential pathway, adult socioeconomic status (SES), and assessed depression at only one or a few time points. Our aims were to examine (a) the association between childhood SES (low vs. high) and depressive symptom burden in midlife and (b) whether adult socioeconomic, psychosocial, and physical health characteristics are important pathways...
June 28, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644832/parent-child-discrepancies-in-the-report-of-adolescent-emotional-and-behavioral-problems-in-taiwan
#7
Ying-Yeh Chen, Suk-Yin Ho, Pei-Chen Lee, Chia-Kai Wu, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
The majority of studies on parent-child discrepancies in the assessment of adolescent emotional and behavioral problems have been conducted in Western countries. It is believed that parent-adolescent agreement would be higher in societies with a strong culture of familism. We examined whether parent-adolescent discrepancies in the rating of adolescent emotional and behavioral problems are related to parental and family factors in Taiwan. Participants included 1,421 child-parent pairs of 7th-grade students from 12 middle schools in Northern Taiwan and their parents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644184/noninvasive-fecal-immunochemical-testing-and-fecal-calprotectin-predict-mucosal-healing-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Christopher Ma, Rowan Lumb, Emily V Walker, Rae R Foshaug, ThucNhi T Dang, Sanam Verma, Vivian W Huang, Karen I Kroeker, Karen Wong, Levinus A Dieleman, Richard N Fedorak, Brendan P Halloran
BACKGROUND: The noninvasive biomarkers fecal immunochemical testing (FIT) and fecal calprotectin (FCP) are sensitive for prediction of mucosal inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease. However, neither test has yet been shown to independently and accurately predict mucosal healing (MH). We aimed to assess the specificity of noninvasive FIT and FCP for MH prediction. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study of adult inflammatory bowel disease outpatients presenting for colonoscopy, stool samples for FIT and FCP were collected 48 hours before endoscopy...
June 20, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625713/individual-and-area-level-ses-in-diabetes-risk-prediction-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#9
Paul J Christine, Rebekah Young, Sara D Adar, Alain G Bertoni, Michele Heisler, Mercedes R Carnethon, Rodney A Hayward, Ana V Diez Roux
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate if adding SES to risk prediction models based upon traditional risk factors improves the prediction of diabetes. METHODS: Risk prediction models without and with individual- and area-level SES predictors were compared using the prospective Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Cox proportional hazards models were utilized to estimate hazard ratios for SES predictors and to generate 10-year predicted risks for 5,021 individuals without diabetes at baseline followed from 2000 to 2012...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625626/lung-cancer-incidence-trends-in-california-by-race-ethnicity-histology-sex-and-neighborhood-socioeconomic-status-an-analysis-spanning-28-years
#10
Manali I Patel, Meg McKinley, Iona Cheng, Robert Haile, Heather Wakelee, Scarlett Lin Gomez
OBJECTIVES: Lung cancer incidence trends by histology, sex, race/ethnicity, and neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES) have not been previously reported. We conducted a population-based study of lung cancer incidence over three peri-censal periods: 1988-1992, 1998-2002, and 2008-2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We abstracted lung cancer cases from the California Cancer Registry and used US Census and American Community Survey data to develop multidimensional nSES indices for each census period...
June 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604589/fibre-related-dietary-patterns-socioeconomic-barriers-to-adequate-fibre-intake-in-polish-adolescents-a-short-report
#11
Beata Krusinska, Joanna Kowalkowska, Lidia Wadolowska, Justyna Weronika Wuenstel, Malgorzata Anna Slowinska, Ewa Niedzwiedzka
There is no complete explanation for the association between socioeconomic status (SES), fibre, and whole diet described by dietary patterns. The aim of this short report was to increase the understanding of adolescent dietary patterns related to fibre in their social context. A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 1176 adolescents aged 13-18 years from central and north-eastern Poland. The overall SES was composed of five single factors: place of residence, self-declared economic situation of family, self-declared economic situation of household, paternal and maternal education...
June 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572889/decomposing-socioeconomic-inequality-determinants-in-suicide-deaths-in-iran-a-concentration-index-approach
#12
Yousef Veisani, Ali Delpisheh, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Ghobad Moradi, Jafar Hassanzadeh
BACKGROUND: It is recognized that socioeconomic status (SES) has a significant impact on health and wellbeing; however, the effect of SES on suicide is contested. This study explored the effect of SES in suicide deaths and decomposed inequality into its determinants to calculate relative contributions. METHODS: Through a cross-sectional study, 546 suicide deaths and 6,818 suicide attempts from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2014 in Ilam Province, Western Iran were explored...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549487/changes-in-waist-circumference-and-abdominal-obesity-among-chinese-adults-over-a-ten-year-period
#13
Yi Zhai, Hong Yun Fang, Wen Tao Yu, Dong Mei Yu, Li Yun Zhao, Xiao Feng Liang, Wen Hua Zhao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe changes in waist circumference (WC) and prevalence of abdominal obesity over a period of 10 years among Chinese adults in different socio-economic status (SES). METHODS: Data derived from the China Nutrition and Health Surveillance during 2002 and 2010-2012. We calculated the mean WC and the prevalence of abdominal obesity by gender, place of residence, SES indicators (education, income, and marital status), and body mass index (BMI) categoriesand used pooled t-tests to assess the differences between the two time periods...
May 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465554/survival-changes-in-patients-with-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-disparities-between-different-sexes-socioeconomic-statuses-and-ages
#14
Shuncong Wang, Jianjun Tang, Tiantian Sun, Xiaobin Zheng, Jie Li, Hongliu Sun, Xiuling Zhou, Cuiling Zhou, Hongyu Zhang, Zhibin Cheng, Haiqing Ma, Huanhuan Sun
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC), as a proportion, makes up only 15-17% of lung cancer cases. The development of treatments for SCLC has remained stagnant for decades, and SCLC is expected to persist as a threat to human health. To date, no publications based on large populations have been reported. We calculated survival changes in patients with SCLC during each decade between 1983 and 2012 to determine the roles of race, sex, age, and socioeconomic status (SES) on survival rates based on the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registries...
May 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457747/food-insecurity-and-mental-health-status-a-global-analysis-of-149-countries
#15
Andrew D Jones
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to determine the association of individual-level food insecurity (FI) with mental health status across all global regions. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were analyzed in 2016 from the 2014 Gallup World Poll, a series of globally implemented, nationally representative surveys. FI was assessed using the Food Insecurity Experience Scale Survey Module for Individuals, an eight-question psychometric scale reporting individuals' experiences of FI...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449415/socioeconomic-determinants-of-growth-in-a-longitudinal-study-in-nepal
#16
Delan Devakumar, Dalvir Kular, Bhim P Shrestha, Carlos Grijalva-Eternod, Rhian M Daniel, Naomi M Saville, Dharma S Manandhar, Anthony Costello, David Osrin, Jonathan C K Wells
Socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with childhood anthropometry, but little is known about how it is associated with tissue growth and body composition. To investigate this, we looked at components of SES at birth with growth in early and mid-childhood, and body composition in a longitudinal study in Nepal. The exposure variables (material assets, land ownership, and maternal education) were quantified from questionnaire data before birth. Anthropometry data at birth, 2.5 and 8.5 years, were normalized using WHO reference ranges and conditional growth calculated...
April 27, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444902/trajectory-of-social-inequalities-in-the-treatment-of-dental-caries-among-preschool-children-in-japan
#17
Jun Aida, Yusuke Matsuyama, Takahiro Tabuchi, Yuko Komazaki, Toru Tsuboya, Tsuguhiko Kato, Ken Osaka, Takeo Fujiwara
OBJECTIVES: The longitudinal trend of dental health inequalities among preschool children has not been described. In this study, we aimed to measure the trajectory of both relative and absolute inequalities in caries treatment among preschool children in Japan. METHODS: We used data from the Longitudinal Survey of Babies in the 21st Century (LSB21), which is an ongoing national representative longitudinal study. The target population was families residing in Japan with newborn baby/babies born between 10 January and 17 January or 10 July and 17 July 2001...
April 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440535/socioeconomic-status-and-its-relationship-to-chronic-respiratory-disease
#18
Sonu Sahni, Ankoor Talwar, Sameer Khanijo, Arunabh Talwar
Socioeconomic status (SES) is defined as an individual's social or economic standing, and is a measure of an individual's or family's social or economic position or rank in a social group. It is a composite of several measures including income, education, occupation, location of residence or housing. Studies have found a lower SES has been linked to disproportionate access to health care in many diseases. There is emerging data in pulmonary diseases such as COPD, asthma, cystic fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension and other chronic respiratory conditions that allude to a similar observation noted in other chronic diseases...
2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427361/lifestyle-related-factors-that-explain-disaster-induced-changes-in-socioeconomic-status-and-poor-subjective-health-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#19
Masato Nagai, Tetsuya Ohira, Wen Zhang, Hironori Nakano, Masaharu Maeda, Seiji Yasumura, Masafumi Abe
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) and lifestyle-related factors are determinants of subjective health. However, changes in SES are inevitable in times of natural disaster, while lifestyle-related factors remain modifiable. The aim of this study was to use a cross-sectional approach to examine lifestyle-related factors that may attenuate the negative impact of disaster-induced changes in SES on poor subjective health. METHODS: We analyzed 33,350 men and women aged 20-64 years who were living in evacuation zones due to the radiation accident in Fukushima, Japan...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425739/sleep-duration-partially-accounts-for-race-differences-in-diurnal-cortisol-dynamics
#20
Laurel M Peterson, Karissa G Miller, Patricia M Wong, Barbara P Anderson, Thomas W Kamarck, Karen A Matthews, Clemens Kirschbaum, Stephen B Manuck
OBJECTIVE: Emerging research demonstrates race differences in diurnal cortisol slope, an indicator of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA)-axis functioning associated with morbidity and mortality, with African Americans showing flatter diurnal slopes than their White counterparts. Sleep characteristics are associated with both race and with HPA-axis functioning. The present report examines whether sleep duration may account for race differences in cortisol dynamics. METHOD: Participants were 424 employed African American and White adults (mean age = 42...
May 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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