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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317176/race-disparities-in-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-within-socioeconomic-status-strata
#1
Caryn N Bell, Roland J Thorpe, Janice V Bowie, Thomas A LaVeist
PURPOSE: Racial differences in socioeconomic status (SES) explain some, but not all, of racial disparities in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. To address this, race disparities among higher SES individuals need to be assessed. The purpose of this study was to assess whether racial disparities in CVD risk factors differ by SES levels. METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey 2007-2014 were used to calculate racial differences in hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, and obesity...
December 22, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302614/disparities-in-children-s-vocabulary-and-height-in-relation-to-household-wealth-and-parental-schooling-a-longitudinal-study-in-four-low-and-middle-income-countries
#2
Sarah A Reynolds, Chris Andersen, Jere Behrman, Abhijeet Singh, Aryeh D Stein, Liza Benny, Benjamin T Crookston, Santiago Cueto, Kirk Dearden, Andreas Georgiadis, Sonya Krutikova, Lia C H Fernald
Children from low socio-economic status (SES) households often demonstrate worse growth and developmental outcomes than wealthier children, in part because poor children face a broader range of risk factors. It is difficult to characterize the trajectories of SES disparities in low- and middle-income countries because longitudinal data are infrequently available. We analyze measures of children's linear growth (height) at ages 1, 5, 8 and 12y and receptive language (Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test) at ages 5, 8 and 12y in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam in relation to household SES, measured by parental schooling or household assets...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297197/socioeconomic-status-and-cardiovascular-risk-score
#3
Ewa Podolecka, Agnieszka Doryńska, Paweł Nadrowski, Michał Skrzypek, Magdalena Kwaśniewska, Wojciech Drygas, Andrzej Pająk, Krystyna Kozakiewicz
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are one of the most frequent causes of morbidity and death both in men and women. Well known is the influence of such factors as: hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, tobacco smoking, obesity, diabetes, age and sex on the occurrence and progression of atherosclerosis. Apart from the typical risk factors of cardiovascular diseases, there is also a significant association between the incidence of those diseases and the socioeconomic status (SES). AIM: The aim of this study was to establish the correlation between the socioeconomic status and the cardiovascular disease risk assessed according to the SCORE algorithm...
January 3, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290660/efficacy-of-noninvasive-evaluations-in-monitoring-inflammatory-bowel-disease-activity-a-prospective-study-in-china
#4
Jin-Min Chen, Tao Liu, Shan Gao, Xu-Dong Tong, Fei-Hong Deng, Biao Nie
AIM: To optimize the efficacy of noninvasive evaluations in monitoring the endoscopic activity of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: Fecal calprotectin (FC), clinical activity index (CDAI or CAI), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and procalcitonin (PCT) were measured for 136 IBD patients. Also, FC was measured in 25 irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients that served as controls. Then, endoscopic activity was determined by other two endoscopists for colonic or ileo-colonic Crohn's disease (CICD) with the "simple endoscopic score for Crohn's disease" (SES-CD), CD-related surgery patients with the Rutgeerts score, and ulcerative colitis (UC) with the Mayo score...
December 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288402/long-term-effect-of-intensive-prevention-on-dental-health-of-primary-school-children-by-socioeconomic-status
#5
Julia Winter, Anahita Jablonski-Momeni, Annett Ladda, Klaus Pieper
OBJECTIVES: Children in a German region took part in regular toothbrushing with fluoride gel during their time in primary school after having received a preventive program in kindergarten. The study aimed at determining the dental health of the students as a function of prevention in kindergarten and at school while taking into account their socioeconomic status and other confounders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects were in six groups: groups 1 and 2, intensive prevention in kindergarten with and without fluoride gel at school; groups 3 and 4, basic prevention in kindergarten with and without fluoride gel at school; groups 5 and 6, no organized prevention in kindergarten with and without fluoride gel at school...
December 29, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230309/alcohol-use-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-and-their-partners-in-sub-saharan-africa
#6
M C Greene, J C Kane, W A Tol
Background: Alcohol use is a well-documented risk factor for intimate partner violence (IPV); however, the majority of research comes from high-income countries. Methods: Using nationally representative data from 86 024 women that participated in the Demographic and Health Surveys, we evaluated the relationship between male partner alcohol use and experiencing IPV in 14 countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Using multilevel mixed-effects models, we calculated the within-country, between-country, and contextual effects of alcohol use on IPV...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229437/the-epidemiology-of-hip-fractures-across-western-victoria-australia
#7
Kara L Holloway, Muhammad A Sajjad, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Mark A Kotowicz, Patricia M Livingston, Mustafa Khasraw, Sharon Hakkennes, Trisha L Dunning, Susan Brumby, Richard S Page, Daryl Pedler, Alasdair Sutherland, Svetha Venkatesh, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Lana J Williams, Julie A Pasco
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Hip fracture incidence varies across different levels of accessibility/remoteness and socioeconomic status (SES). As part of the Ageing, Chronic Disease and Injury Study, we aimed to map the pattern of hip fractures across the western region of the Australian state of Victoria, which contains a range of remoteness levels and SES. METHODS: Data on hip fractures resulting in hospital admission were extracted from the Victorian Admitted Episodes Dataset (VAED) for men and women aged 40+years during 2010-2013 inclusive...
December 8, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214844/barriers-to-quitting-smoking-among-young-adults-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status
#8
Samantha Carlson, Rachel Widome, Lindsey Fabian, Xianghua Luo, Jean Forster
PURPOSE: The aims of this analysis were to explore how self-reported barriers to quitting vary by socioeconomic status (SES) among young-adult smokers and to assess their relationship to quitting. DESIGN: This analysis uses 2 waves of telephone-survey data from the Minnesota Adolescent Community Cohort study. SETTING: Midwestern United States. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (n = 419) were smokers aged 17 to 24 years. MEASURES: Socioeconomic status was estimated using the highest level of education completed by the participants' parents...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198883/disease-burden-of-knee-osteoarthritis-patients-with-a-joint-replacement-compared-to-matched-controls-a-population-based-analysis-of-a-dutch-medical-claims-database
#9
Johannes T H Nielen, Annelies Boonen, Pieter C Dagnelie, Bart J F van den Bemt, Pieter J Emans, Floris P J G Lafeber, Willem E van Spil, Frank de Vries, Paco M J Welsing
OBJECTIVE: On a population level, the incidence of knee prostheses (KP) has increased, but excess health care costs per patient, compared to matched controls without a KP, in the years surrounding these procedures and their determinants are largely unknown. We therefore aimed to provide estimates of age and sex-specific incidence of KPs, revision KPs, and prosthesis complications in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and to determine excess health care costs in the years surrounding surgery compared with matched controls...
November 30, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191590/clinical-predictors-of-survival-in-young-patients-with-small-cell-lung-cancer-results-from-the-california-cancer-registry
#10
Joshua D Lara, Ann Brunson, Jonathan W Riess, Karen Kelly, Primo N Lara, David R Gandara
BACKGROUND: Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an often lethal disease that commonly occurs in older individuals with a history of heavy tobacco use. Limited epidemiologic and outcomes data are available on young SCLC patients aged less than 50 years of age. We assessed clinical variables related to cause specific survival (CSS) of young patients with SCLC. METHODS: SCLC patients in the California Cancer Registry diagnosed between 1998 and 2012 were included. Primary outcome measure was CSS...
October 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159854/the-effect-of-impaired-glucose-metabolism-on-weight-loss-in-multidisciplinary-childhood-obesity-treatment
#11
Julie T Kloppenborg, Michael Gamborg, Cilius E Fonvig, Tenna R H Nielsen, Oluf Pedersen, Jesper Johannesen, Torben Hansen, Jens-Christian Holm
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether children and adolescents exhibiting an impaired glucose metabolism are more obese at treatment entry and less likely to reduce their degree of obesity during treatment. METHODS: The present study is a longitudinal observational study, including children and adolescents from the Children's Obesity Clinic, Holbaek, Denmark. Anthropometrics, pubertal development, socioeconomic status (SES), and fasting concentrations of plasma glucose, serum insulin, serum C-peptide, and whole blood glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were collected at treatment entry and at follow-up...
November 20, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137173/psychiatric-disorders-differently-correlate-with-physical-self-rated-health-across-ethnic-groups
#12
Shervin Assari
In this study, we compared 10 ethnic groups for associations between psychiatric disorders and physical self-rated health (SRH) in the United States. Data came from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003. The study included 7587 non-Latino White, 4746 African American, 1442 Mexican, 1106 other Hispanic, 656 other Asian, 600 Chinese, 577 Cuban, 520 Vietnamese, 508 Filipino, and 495 Puerto Rican individuals. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to measure psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD), general anxiety disorder (GAD), social phobia, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol abuse, and binge eating disorders...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129232/effect-of-green-tea-on-plasma-leptin-and-ghrelin-levels-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#13
Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, B Fatemeh Nobakht M Gh, Mitra Hariri
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the effect of green tea on serum leptin and ghrelin concentrations. METHODS: We searched PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, and Google scholar databases up to December 2016. The searches included RCTs conducted in human adults, and studies on the effect of green tea and green tea extract on serum leptin and ghrelin concentrations as outcome variables...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114554/perceived-health-discomfort-among-adolescent-girls-and-related-factors-in-an-urban-area-south-india
#14
Shabnam Omidvar, Afsaneh Bakhtiari, Mojgan Firouzbakht, Fatemeh Nasiri Amiri, Khyrunnisa Begum
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a period of life that is a bridge between childhood and adulthood. India has the world's largest adolescent girl's population, and adolescent girls are an important vulnerable group of population. Perceived health is a predictor of morbidity and mortality in adults and has been an important marker of the health status in population health studies for decades. The aim of the study was to describe adolescent's perception of health and association between some factors such as nutrition status, socioeconomic status (SES), and health status...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075822/type-2-diabetes-socioeconomic-status-and-life-expectancy-in-scotland-2012-2014-a-population-based-observational-study
#15
Jeremy Walker, Helen Colhoun, Shona Livingstone, Rory McCrimmon, John Petrie, Naveed Sattar, Sarah Wild
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to assess the role of socioeconomic status (SES) in the associations between type 2 diabetes and life expectancy in a complete national population. METHODS: An observational population-based cohort study was performed using the Scottish Care Information - Diabetes database. Age-specific life expectancy (stratified by SES) was calculated for all individuals with type 2 diabetes in the age range 40-89 during the period 2012-2014, and for the remaining population of Scotland aged 40-89 without type 2 diabetes...
October 26, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070559/iron-status-of-toddlers-nonpregnant-females-and-pregnant-females-in-the-united-states
#16
REVIEW
Priya M Gupta, Heather C Hamner, Parminder S Suchdev, Rafael Flores-Ayala, Zuguo Mei
Background: Total-body iron stores (TBI), which are calculated from serum ferritin and soluble transferrin receptor concentrations, can be used to assess the iron status of populations in the United States.Objective: This analysis, developed to support workshop discussions, describes the distribution of TBI and the prevalence of iron deficiency (ID) and ID anemia (IDA) among toddlers, nonpregnant females, and pregnant females.Design: We analyzed data from NHANES; toddlers aged 12-23 mo (NHANES 2003-2010), nonpregnant females aged 15-49 y (NHANES 2007-2010), and pregnant females aged 12-49 y (NHANES 1999-2010)...
December 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058480/clinical-and-demographic-predictors-of-concussion-resolution-in-adolescents-a-retrospective-study
#17
Seema S Aggarwal, Summer D Ott, Nikhil S Padhye, Janet C Meininger, Terri S Armstrong
Concussions in adolescents are a growing public health concern. The aim of this study was to identify clinical (e.g., concussion history, migraine history, learning disabilities/ADHD) and demographic factors (e.g., age, sex, race, health insurance status, mechanism of injury, education) that predict concussion recovery times. In a retrospective cohort study of 118 adolescents 13-19 years old who were evaluated for an acute concussion (≤10 days from injury), recovery times were calculated from the date of concussive injury to the date of clearance to return to play and/or normal activities...
October 23, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032322/classroom-social-experiences-in-early-elementary-school-relate-to-diurnal-cortisol-levels
#18
Pia Behnsen, Marieke Buil, Susanne Koot, Anja Huizink, Pol van Lier
Social stress has been linked to altered hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocorticol (HPA) axis activation. During elementary school, children can become exposed to negative peer relations, such as poor appraisal among classroom peers, which is considered a social stressor. However, little is known about the association between classroom peer appraisal and the physiological stress system in children. The goal of this study was to examine the association of peer acceptance and peer non-acceptance with diurnal cortisol concentrations in 222 children from 20 mainstream elementary schools (Mage=6...
October 2, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027356/relationship-between-neighborhood-socioeconomic-status-and-venous-thromboembolism-results-from-a-population-based-study
#19
D Kort, N van Rein, F J M van der Meer, H W Vermaas, N Wiersma, S C Cannegieter, W M Lijfering
Essentials Literature on socioeconomic status (SES) and incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is scarce. We assessed neighborhood SES with VTE risk in a population of over 1.4 million inhabitants. Higher neighborhood SES was associated with lower incidence of VTE. These findings are helpful to inform policy and resource allocation in health systems. SUMMARY: Background The association between socioeconomic status and arterial cardiovascular disease is well established. However, despite its high burden of disability-adjusted life years, little research has been carried out to determine whether socioeconomic status is associated with venous thromboembolism...
December 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026735/the-association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-obesity-in-korean-children-an-analysis-of-the-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2012
#20
Hae Jeong Lee, Sung Hoon Kim, Seo Heui Choi, Ju Suk Lee
PURPOSE: Obesity is one of the most common health problems among children and its prevalence has increased in recent decades. Socioeconomic status (SES) is a well-known risk factor for childhood obesity although the associations were different across countries. Previous studies in other countries have reported a positive association between childhood obesity and SES in developing countries, and inverse correlation has been reported in developed countries. For this reason, we wanted to investigate the relationship between SES and obesity in Korean children...
September 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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