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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196405/psychosocial-interventions-for-supporting-women-to-stop-smoking-in-pregnancy
#1
REVIEW
Catherine Chamberlain, Alison O'Mara-Eves, Jessie Porter, Tim Coleman, Susan M Perlen, James Thomas, Joanne E McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking remains one of the few preventable factors associated with complications in pregnancy, and has serious long-term implications for women and babies. Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing in high-income countries, but is strongly associated with poverty and is increasing in low- to middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy on smoking behaviour and perinatal health outcomes...
February 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173858/mortality-trends-for-neglected-tropical-diseases-in-the-state-of-sergipe-brazil-1980-2013
#2
Marcos Antônio Costa de Albuquerque, Danielle Menezes Dias, Lucas Teixeira Vieira, Carlos Anselmo Lima, Angela Maria da Silva
BACKGROUND: Neglected Tropical Diseases are a set of communicable diseases that affect the population so low socioeconomic status, particularly 1.4 billion people who are living below the poverty level. This study has investigated the magnitude and mortality time trends for these diseases in the state of Sergipe, Northeast Region of Brazil. METHODS: We conducted an ecological study of time series, based on secondary data derived from the Mortality Information System of the Ministry of Health...
February 8, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141840/poor-quality-for-poor-women-inequities-in-the-quality-of-antenatal-and-delivery-care-in-kenya
#3
Jigyasa Sharma, Hannah H Leslie, Francis Kundu, Margaret E Kruk
BACKGROUND: Quality of healthcare is an important determinant of future progress in global health. However, the distributional aspects of quality of care have received inadequate attention. We assessed whether high quality maternal care is equitably distributed by (1) mapping the quality of maternal care in facilities located in poorer versus wealthier areas of Kenya; and (2) comparing the quality of maternal care available to Kenyans in and not in poverty. METHODS: We assessed three measures of maternal care quality: facility infrastructure and clinical quality of antenatal care and delivery care, using indicators from the 2010 Kenya Service Provision Assessment (SPA), a standardized facility survey with direct observation of maternal care provision...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122530/via-vili-is-more-suitable-for-cervical-cancer-prevention-in-chinese-poverty-stricken-region-a-health-economic-evaluation
#4
Yu Xie, Xiaodong Tan, Haiyan Shao, Qing Liu, Jiyu Tou, Yuling Zhang, Qiong Luo, Qunying Xiang
BACKGROUND: Screening is the main preventive method for cervical cancer in developing countries, but each type of screening has advantages and disadvantages. To investigate the most suitable method for low-income areas in China, we conducted a health economic analysis comparing three methods: visual inspection with acetic acid and Lugol's iodine (VIA/VILI), ThinPrep cytology test (TCT), and human papillomavirus (HPV) test. METHODS: We recruited 3086 women aged 35-65 years using cluster random sampling...
January 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109661/mapping-sites-of-high-tb-transmission-risk-integrating-the-shared-air-and-social-behaviour-of-tb-cases-and-adolescents-in-a-south-african-township
#5
Benjamin Patterson, Carl D Morrow, Daniel Kohls, Caroline Deignan, Samuel Ginsburg, Robin Wood
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis remains a major public health problem in poverty-stricken areas of the world. Communal gathering places account for the majority of TB transmission in high burden settings. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the social behaviour patterns of individuals who have developed TB disease and adolescents at risk of infection. To develop a cheap and effective method to locate transmission hot spots in high burden communities. DESIGN: Portable, combined CO2/GIS monitors and location diaries were given to individuals from a South African township...
January 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093436/burden-of-disease-associated-with-lower-levels-of-income-among-us-adults-aged-65-and-older
#6
Erica I Lubetkin, Haomiao Jia
BACKGROUND: Persons aged 65 years and older represent a heterogeneous group whose prevalence in the USA is expected to markedly increase. Few investigations have examined the total burden of disease attributable to lower levels of income in a single number that accounts for morbidity and mortality. METHODS: We ascertained respondents' health-related quality of life (HRQOL) scores and mortality status from the 2003 to 2004, 2005 to 2006, 2007 to 2008 and 2009 to 2010 cohorts of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) with mortality follow-up through 31 December 2011...
January 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093059/insurance-coverage-and-treatment-use-under-the-affordable-care-act-among-adults-with-mental-and-substance-use-disorders
#7
Brendan Saloner, Sachini Bandara, Marcus Bachhuber, Colleen L Barry
OBJECTIVE: Many adults who have mental or substance use disorders or both experience insurance-related barriers to care, contributing to low treatment utilization. Expanded insurance under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) could improve coverage and access. The study identified changes in coverage and treatment use following 2014 ACA insurance expansions. METHODS: Data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health were used to identify individuals ages 18-64 screening positive for any mental disorder (N=29,962) or substance use disorder (N=19,243) for two periods: 2011-2013 and 2014...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081048/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-common-childhood-infections-in-south-african-hiv-exposed-uninfected-and-hiv-unexposed-infants
#8
Amy L Slogrove, Monika M Esser, Mark F Cotton, David P Speert, Tobias R Kollmann, Joel Singer, Julie A Bettinger
BACKGROUND: Much evidence of HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infant infectious morbidity predates availability of maternal combination antiretroviral therapy and does not control for universal risk factors (preterm birth, low birth weight, suboptimal breastfeeding and poverty). METHODS: This prospective cohort study identified HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected mothers and their newborns from South African community midwife unit. The primary outcome, infectious cause hospitalization or death before 6 months of age, was compared between HEU and HIV-unexposed (HU) infants and classified for type and severity using validated study-specific case definitions...
February 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045307/the-effects-of-economic-and-sociocultural-stressors-on-the-well-being-of-children-of-latino-immigrants-living-in-poverty
#9
Marina M Mendoza, Julia Dmitrieva, Krista M Perreira, Eliana Hurwich-Reiss, Sarah Enos Watamura
OBJECTIVE: This article explored whether preschoolers' physical (body mass index [BMI] and salivary cortisol levels) and psychological (internalizing/externalizing behaviors) well-being were predicted by economic hardship, as has been previously documented, and further, whether parental immigration-related stress and/or acculturation level moderated this relationship in low-income Latino families. METHOD: The sample for the current study included 71 children of Latino immigrants (M = 4...
January 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038389/adherence-to-antiepileptic-drugs-among-diverse-older-americans-on-part-d-medicare
#10
Kendra Piper, Joshua Richman, Edward Faught, Roy Martin, Ellen Funkhouser, Jerzy P Szaflarski, Chen Dai, Lucia Juarez, Maria Pisu
INTRODUCTION: Older minority groups are more likely to have poor AED adherence. We describe adherence to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) among older Americans with epilepsy. METHODS: In retrospective analyses of 2008-2010 Medicare claims for a 5% random sample of beneficiaries augmented by minority representation, epilepsy cases in 2009 were those with ≥1 claim with ICD-9345.x or ≥2 with 780.3x, and ≥1 AED. New-onset cases had no such claims or AEDs in the year before the 2009 index event...
January 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036053/connecting-the-dots-linking-environmental-justice-indicators-to-daily-dose-model-estimates
#11
Hongtai Huang, Timothy M Barzyk
Many different quantitative techniques have been developed to either assess Environmental Justice (EJ) issues or estimate exposure and dose for risk assessment. However, very few approaches have been applied to link EJ factors to exposure dose estimate and identify potential impacts of EJ factors on dose-related variables. The purpose of this study is to identify quantitative approaches that incorporate conventional risk assessment (RA) dose modeling and cumulative risk assessment (CRA) considerations of disproportionate environmental exposure...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997239/transgender-demographics-a-household-probability-sample-of-us-adults-2014
#12
Halley P Crissman, Mitchell B Berger, Louis F Graham, Vanessa K Dalton
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the proportion of US adults who identify as transgender and to compare the demographics of the transgender and nontransgender populations. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from states and territories in the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System that asked about transgender status. The proportion of adults identified as transgender was calculated from affirmative and negative responses (n = 151 456). We analyzed data with a design-adjusted χ(2) test...
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938418/growing-up-in-portugal-cape-verdean-ancestry-children-exhibit-low-overweight-and-obesity-compared-with-portuguese-in-urban-lisbon
#13
A L André, C Padez, V Rosado-Marques, P L Griffiths, M I Varela-Silva
Portugal has one of the highest rates of childhood overweight and obesity in Europe. However, little is known about the health of ethnic minorities living in its capital city, Lisbon. The Cape Verdean community in Lisbon tend to have low educational levels, material deprivation and struggle with discrimination and racism, factors that would probably be associated with a higher prevalence of overweight and obesity. Data for the Cape Verdean population were collected in three different time periods by three different research teams in 1993, 2009 and 2013 and included children aged 6-12 years living in the Cova da Moura neighbourhood of the Greater Lisbon Metro Area...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922188/oral-health-status-of-children-in-los-angeles-county-and-in-the-united-states-1999-2004
#14
Bruce A Dye, Clemencia M Vargas, Cheryl D Fryar, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Robert Isman
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain and compare the oral health status and related sociodemographic risk indicators in children in Los Angeles (LA) County with children in the United States. METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004 were used to calculate prevalence estimates for children aged 2-13 years living in LA County and in the United States. Sociodemographic indicators were evaluated using multiple logistic regression modeling...
December 6, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905647/-cleft-lip-palate-and-flour-fortification-with-folic-acid-in-chile
#15
Angélica Paulos, Paulina Pino, Gabriel Cavada, Carolina Lagos, Valentina Broussain, Andrea Hasbún
BACKGROUND: The effect of food fortification with folic acid on the incidence of lip-palate fissures (FLP) is under discussion. AIM: To calculate the rate of hospital discharges due to cleft lip and palate (CLP) and explore whether they decreased after the start of folic acid fortification in Chile. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The hospital discharge databases published by the Chilean Ministry of Health were analyzed. The trends of discharge rates due to CLP of children of less than one year of life (ICD-10 Q350-379 code) and live births (lb) were calculated from 1986 to 2012...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893880/protective-prevention-effects-on-the-association-of-poverty-with-brain-development
#16
Gene H Brody, Joshua C Gray, Tianyi Yu, Allen W Barton, Steven R H Beach, Adrianna Galván, James MacKillop, Michael Windle, Edith Chen, Gregory E Miller, Lawrence H Sweet
Importance: This study was designed to determine whether a preventive intervention focused on enhancing supportive parenting could ameliorate the association between exposure to poverty and brain development in low socioeconomic status African American individuals from the rural South. Objective: To determine whether participation in an efficacious prevention program designed to enhance supportive parenting for rural African American children will ameliorate the association between living in poverty and reduced hippocampal and amygdalar volumes in adulthood...
January 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885049/residential-segregation-and-mental-health-among-latinos-in-a-nationally-representative-survey
#17
Carrie J Nobles, Sarah E Valentine, E David Zepeda, Ye Wang, Emily M Ahles, Derri L Shtasel, Luana Marques
BACKGROUND: Among Latinos, living in a locality with greater Latino ethnic density may be protective for mental health, although findings vary by Latino subgroup, gender and birthplace. Although little studied, Latino residential segregation may capture different pathways linking risk and protective environmental factors to mental health than local ethnic density. METHODS: This study evaluated the association between residential segregation and mental distress as measured by the Kessler-10 (K10) among Latino participants in the National Latino and Asian American Study (NLAAS)...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856114/economic-recession-alcohol-and-suicide-rates-comparative-effects-of-poverty-foreclosure-and-job-loss
#18
William C Kerr, Mark S Kaplan, Nathalie Huguet, Raul Caetano, Norman Giesbrecht, Bentson H McFarland
INTRODUCTION: Suicide rates and the proportion of alcohol-involved suicides rose during the 2008-2009 recession. Associations between county-level poverty, foreclosures, and unemployment and suicide rates and proportion of alcohol-involved suicides were investigated. METHODS: In 2015, National Violent Death Reporting System data from 16 states in 2005-2011 were utilized to calculate suicide rates and a measure of alcohol involvement in suicides at the county level...
November 9, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843560/association-between-economic-status-and-body-mass-index-among-adolescents-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#19
Akiko Mizuta, Takeo Fujiwara, Toshiyuki Ojima
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight and obesity is a growing health challenge in Japan and might be associated with childhood poverty. We aimed to investigate the association between low economic status and body mass index (BMI) and to reveal the mediators of this association among junior high school students in Japan. METHODS: Junior high school students (N = 2968) from two cities in Shizuoka, Japan, were surveyed. Questionnaires assessed subjective economic status, weight, and height...
2016: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821301/quantifying-the-individual-level-association-between-income-and-mortality-risk-in-the-united-states-using-the-national-longitudinal-mortality-study
#20
Paul Henry Brodish, Jahn K Hakes
Policy makers would benefit from being able to estimate the likely impact of potential interventions to reverse the effects of rapidly rising income inequality on mortality rates. Using multiple cohorts of the National Longitudinal Mortality Study (NLMS), we estimate the absolute income effect on premature mortality in the United States. A multivariate Poisson regression using the natural logarithm of equivilized household income establishes the magnitude of the absolute income effect on mortality. We calculate mortality rates for each income decile of the study sample and mortality rate ratios relative to the decile containing mean income...
October 24, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
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