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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139110/unconditional-cash-transfers-for-reducing-poverty-and-vulnerabilities-effect-on-use-of-health-services-and-health-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#1
REVIEW
Frank Pega, Sze Yan Liu, Stefan Walter, Roman Pabayo, Ruhi Saith, Stefan K Lhachimi
BACKGROUND: Unconditional cash transfers (UCTs; provided without obligation) for reducing poverty and vulnerabilities (e.g. orphanhood, old age or HIV infection) are a type of social protection intervention that addresses a key social determinant of health (income) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The relative effectiveness of UCTs compared with conditional cash transfers (CCTs; provided so long as the recipient engages in prescribed behaviours such as using a health service or attending school) is unknown...
November 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137869/morbidity-and-mortality-in-homeless-individuals-prisoners-sex-workers-and-individuals-with-substance-use-disorders-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Robert W Aldridge, Alistair Story, Stephen W Hwang, Merete Nordentoft, Serena A Luchenski, Greg Hartwell, Emily J Tweed, Dan Lewer, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Andrew C Hayward
BACKGROUND: Inclusion health focuses on people in extremely poor health due to poverty, marginalisation, and multimorbidity. We aimed to review morbidity and mortality data on four overlapping populations who experience considerable social exclusion: homeless populations, individuals with substance use disorders, sex workers, and imprisoned individuals. METHODS: For this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for studies published between Jan 1, 2005, and Oct 1, 2015...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121494/being-a-mother-of-preterm-multiples-in-the-context-of-socioeconomic-disadvantage-perceived-stress-and-psychological-symptoms
#3
Joana Baptista, Vanessa Moutinho, Vera Mateus, Hercília Guimarães, Fátima Clemente, Sara Almeida, Maria Agostinha Andrade, Clara Paz Dias, Alice Freitas, Carla Martins, Isabel Soares
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the differences between mothers of preterm multiples and mothers of preterm singletons regarding perceived stress and maternal psychological symptoms, and to explore the putative adverse amplified effect of socioeconomic disadvantage. METHOD: Ninety-five mothers of 1-year-olds born preterm participated in this cross-sectional study. Data collection was carried out in two public hospitals from Northern Portugal. To assess maternal perceived daily stress and psychological symptoms, mothers completed two questionnaires...
November 6, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114554/perceived-health-discomfort-among-adolescent-girls-and-related-factors-in-an-urban-area-south-india
#4
Shabnam Omidvar, Afsaneh Bakhtiari, Mojgan Firouzbakht, Fatemeh Nasiri Amiri, Khyrunnisa Begum
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a period of life that is a bridge between childhood and adulthood. India has the world's largest adolescent girl's population, and adolescent girls are an important vulnerable group of population. Perceived health is a predictor of morbidity and mortality in adults and has been an important marker of the health status in population health studies for decades. The aim of the study was to describe adolescent's perception of health and association between some factors such as nutrition status, socioeconomic status (SES), and health status...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110864/pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-patna-india-durations-delays-and-health-care-seeking-behaviour-among-patients-identified-through-household-surveys
#5
Nerges Mistry, Eunice Lobo, Shimoni Shah, Sheela Rangan, Yatin Dholakia
BACKGROUND: Delays in accessing effective health care plays a pivotal role in increasing Tuberculosis (TB) transmission within the community. Patna, North India, with high levels of poverty and weak public health system, faces huge challenges for achieving effective TB control. The study aims to determine delays that occur from onset of TB symptoms until initiation of pulmonary TB (PTB) treatment among patients in Patna. METHODS: Of the 109 self-reporting TB patients identified through an active household survey, 64 PTB patients were interviewed...
December 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095004/-evaluation-of-the-nutritional-status-of-children-under-5-years-of-age-concordance-between-anthropometric-indices-in-the-indigenous-population-of-chiapas-mexico
#6
Héctor Ochoa-Díaz López, Esmeralda García-Parra, Elena Flores-Guillén, Rosario García-Miranda, Roberto Solís-Hernández
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional status is determined through various methods, including anthropometry. In children under 5 years of age indeces as weight/age (w/a), height/age (h/a), weight/height (w/h) and body mass index (BMI) are used. The purpose of this article is to analyze and compare the ability of different anthropometric indeces to identify children from marginalized communities in Chiapas (Mexico) with nutritional problems. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the correlation among the different anthropometric indeces to determine the nutritional status of children under 5 years of age in poor rural areas with a background of short stature...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084118/disparities-in-zika-virus-testing-and-incidence-among-women-of-reproductive-age-new-york-city-2016
#7
Christopher T Lee, Sharon K Greene, Jennifer Baumgartner, Anne Fine
CONTEXT: The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (NYC DOHMH) performs surveillance for reportable diseases, including Zika virus (ZIKV) infection and disease, to inform public health responses. Incidence rates of other mosquito-borne diseases related to international travel are associated with census tract poverty level in NYC, suggesting that high poverty areas might be at higher risk for ZIKV infections. OBJECTIVES: We assessed ZIKV testing rates and incidence of travel-associated infection among reproductive age women in NYC to identify areas with high incidence and low testing rates and assess the effectiveness of public health interventions...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073885/cognitive-impairment-and-hypertension-in-older-adults-living-in-extreme-poverty-a-cross-sectional-study-in-peru
#8
Maria Lazo-Porras, Victor Ortiz-Soriano, Miguel Moscoso-Porras, Fernando M Runzer-Colmenares, German Málaga, J Jaime Miranda
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that hypertension is a risk factor for cognitive impairment, but whether this association is also present in extremely poor populations in Low Middle Income Countries settings remains to be studied. Understanding other drivers of cognitive impairment in this unique population also merits attention. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis using data from the "Encuesta de Salud y Bienestar del Adulto Mayor", a regional survey conducted in an extremely poor population of people older than 65 years old from 12 Peruvian cities in 2012...
October 26, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066593/costs-revenues-and-profits-an-economic-analysis-of-smallholder-tobacco-farmer-livelihoods-in-malawi
#9
Donald Makoka, Jeffrey Drope, Adriana Appau, Ronald Labonte, Qing Li, Fastone Goma, Richard Zulu, Peter Magati, Raphael Lencucha
BACKGROUND: The preservation of the economic livelihood of tobacco farmers is a common argument used to oppose tobacco control measures. However, little empirical evidence exists about these livelihoods. We seek to evaluate the economic livelihoods of individual tobacco farmers in Malawi, including how much money they earn from selling tobacco, and the costs they incur to produce the crop, including labour inputs. We also evaluate farmers' decisions to contract directly with firms that buy their crops...
November 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065065/a-cross-sectional-study-of-emergency-care-utilization-and-associated-costs-of-violent-related-assault-injuries-in-the-united-states
#10
Michael C Monuteaux, Eric W Fleegler, Lois K Lee
BACKGROUND: Violent-related (assault) injuries are a leading cause of death and disability in the United States. Many violent injury victims seek treatment in the emergency department (ED). Our objectives were to (1) estimate rates of violent-related injuries evaluated in United States EDs, (2) estimate linear trends in ED visits for violent-related injuries from 2000 to 2010, and (3) to determine the associated health care and work-loss costs. METHODS: We examined adults 18 years and older from a nationally representative survey (the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey) of ED visits, from 2000 to 2010...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059423/u-s-adult-cigar-smoking-patterns-purchasing-behaviors-and-reasons-for-use-according-to-cigar-type-findings-from-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study-2013-14
#11
Catherine G Corey, Enver Holder-Hayes, Anh B Nguyen, Cristine D Delnevo, Brian L Rostron, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Heather L Kimmel, Amber Koblitz, Elizabeth Lambert, Jennifer L Pearson, Eva Sharma, Cindy Tworek, Andrew J Hyland, Kevin P Conway, Bridget K Ambrose, Nicolette Borek
Introduction: The U.S. cigar market is diverse, yet until recently most research studies and tobacco surveillance systems have not reported behavioral and related outcomes by cigar type. Methods: The 2013-14 Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study collected data separately for filtered cigars (FCs), cigarillos and traditional cigars, which were further distinguished as premium or non-premium. Descriptive statistics for adult established current smokers of each cigar type and cigarettes were calculated for demographic characteristics, tobacco use patterns, purchasing behaviors and reasons for use...
September 15, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023294/cleft-lip-and-palate-demographic-patterns-and-the-associated-communication-disorders
#12
Firas S D Alfwaress, Fadwa A Khwaileh, Ma'amon A Rawashdeh, Mahmoud A Alomari, Mohammad S Nazzal
PURPOSE: This study investigated demographical characteristics, health status, and associated communication disorders in patients with orofacial clefts (OFCs) in Northern Jordan. METHODS: A retrospective study of 226 cleft patients and their families was carried out between March 2012 and September 2016 at the Speech and Hearing Clinic and the Maxillofacial Center at King Abdullah University Hospital. Data were collected by interviewing patients and caregivers, having patients or caregiver to complete a questionnaire and reviewing the patient's medical records...
November 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993709/the-association-between-bmi-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-us-population-sex-age-and-ethnicity-matters
#13
M Laxy, C Teuner, R Holle, C Kurz
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major public health problem. Detailed knowledge about the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and health-related quality of life (HRQL) is indispensable in deriving effective and cost-effective prevention and weight management strategies. This study aims to describe the sex-, age-, and ethnicity-specific association between BMI and HRQL in the US adult population. METHODS: Analyses are based on pooled cross-sectional data from 41 459 participants in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) Household Component (HC) for the years 2000-2003...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975444/economic-hardship-in-childhood-a-neglected-issue-in-ace-studies
#14
Paula Braveman, Katherine Heck, Susan Egerter, Christine Rinki, Kristen Marchi, Mike Curtis
Objectives Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been linked with ill-health in adulthood, but ACE literature has focused on family disruption or dysfunction (e.g., child abuse, parental separation), with less attention to economic adversity. We examined whether a mother's economic hardship in childhood (EHC) was associated with women's hardships and health-risk behaviors during/just before pregnancy. Methods We analyzed population-based survey data on 27,102 postpartum California women. EHC included respondents' reports that during childhood they/their families experienced hunger because of inability to afford food or moved because of problems paying rent/mortgage and the frequency of difficulty paying for basic needs...
October 3, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965781/trends-in-prostate-cancer-incidence-rates-and-prevalence-of-prostate-specific-antigen-screening-by-socioeconomic-status-and-regions-in-the-us-2004-2013
#15
Keisha A Houston, Jessica King, Jun Li, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether decreases in the prevalence of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening and prostate cancer incidence rates, following the US Preventive Service Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations against routine PSA, are similar across socioeconomic groups and US census regions. METHODS: We analyzed incidence rates and PSA screening prevalence by age, race/ethnicity, disease stage, US region, and area-level socioeconomic status. Annual percent changes were examined for changes in rates over time...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933979/geographic-access-to-cancer-care-and-mortality-among-adolescents
#16
Eric Tai, Elaine Hallisey, Lucy A Peipins, Barry Flanagan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford, Grete Wilt, Shannon Graham
PURPOSE: Adolescents with cancer have had less improvement in survival than other populations in the United States. This may be due, in part, to adolescents not receiving treatment at Children's Oncology Group (COG) institutions, which have been shown to increase survival for some cancers. The objective of this ecologic study was to examine geographic distance to COG institutions and adolescent cancer mortality. METHODS: We calculated cancer mortality among adolescents and sociodemographic and healthcare access factors in four geographic zones at selected distances surrounding COG facilities: Zone A (area within 10 miles of any COG institution), Zones B and C (concentric rings with distances from a COG institution of >10-25 miles and >25-50 miles, respectively), and Zone D (area outside of 50 miles)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930623/multipartner-fertility-in-nicaragua-complex-family-formation-in-a-low-income-setting
#17
Kammi K Schmeer, Jake Hays
CONTEXT: Multipartner fertility (having children with more than one partner) is an important topic in demographic research, but little is known about its incidence and correlates in low-income settings, where rates may be high because of poverty, union instability and early childbearing. METHODS: Data from the 2011-2012 Encuesta Nicaragüense de Demografía y Salud were used to calculate the prevalence of multipartner fertility among 8,320 mothers and 2,141 fathers with two or more children...
March 3, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929930/child-mortality-and-poverty-in-three-world-regions-the-west-asia-and-sub-saharan-africa-1988-2010-evidence-of-relative-intra-regional-neglect
#18
Colin Pritchard, Steven Keen
AIMS: Poverty kills children. This study assesses the relationship between poverty and child mortality rates (CMRs) in 71 societies from three world regions to determine whether some countries, relative to their region, neglect their children. METHODS: Spearman rank order correlations were calculated to determine any association between the CMR and poverty data, including income inequality and gross national income. A current CMR one standard deviation (SD) above or below the regional average and a percentage change between 1988 and 2010 were used as the measures to assess the progress of nations...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868904/the-dynamics-of-catastrophic-and-impoverishing-health-spending-in-indonesia-how-well-does-the-indonesian-health-care-financing-system-perform
#19
Budi Aji, Shafiu Mohammed, Md Aminul Haque, Manuela De Allegri
Our study examines the incidence and intensity of catastrophic and impoverishing health spending in Indonesia. A panel data set was used from 4 waves of the Indonesian Family Life Surveys 1993, 1997, 2000, and 2007. Catastrophic health expenditure was measured by calculating the ratio of out-of-pocket payments to household income. Then, we calculated poverty indicators as a measure of impoverishing spending in the health care financing system. Head count, overshoot, and mean positive overshoot for each given threshold in 2000 were lower than other surveyed periods; otherwise, fraction headcount in 2007 of households were the higher...
September 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841875/prevalence-and-change-of-central-obesity-among-us-asian-adults-nhanes-2011-2014
#20
Xuefeng Liu, Yang Chen, Nicole L Boucher, Amy E Rothberg
BACKGROUND: Central obesity is a major risk factor for cardiometabolic diseases. The prevalence of central obesity has not been reported fully among Asian adults in the United States (US). METHODS: Cross-sectional data of 1288 Asian adults aged 20 years or over was selected from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey with a stratified multi-stage sampling design. The prevalence of central obesity was calculated with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and Chi-square tests were conducted to test the significance of the prevalence differences across characteristic groups...
August 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
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