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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775945/greenhouse-gas-emissions-reduction-in-different-economic-sectors-mitigation-measures-health-co-benefits-knowledge-gaps-and-policy-implications
#1
REVIEW
Jinghong Gao, Hongli Hou, Yunkai Zhai, Alistair Woodward, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Sari Kovats, Paul Wilkinson, Liping Li, Xiaoqin Song, Lei Xu, Bohan Meng, Xiaobo Liu, Jun Wang, Jie Zhao, Qiyong Liu
To date, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, mitigation strategies and the accompanying health co-benefits in different economic sectors have not been fully investigated. The purpose of this paper is to review comprehensively the evidence on GHG mitigation measures and the related health co-benefits, identify knowledge gaps, and provide recommendations to promote further development and implementation of climate change response policies. Evidence on GHG emissions, abatement measures and related health co-benefits has been observed at regional, national and global levels, involving both low- and high-income societies...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775873/psychosocial-stress-and-inflammation-driving-tryptophan-breakdown-in-children-and-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-two-cohorts
#2
Nathalie Michels, Gerard Clarke, Loreto Olavarria-Ramirez, Sonia Gómez-Martínez, Ligia Esperanza Díaz, Ascensión Marcos, Kurt Widhalm, Livia A Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Tryptophan breakdown is an important mechanism in several diseases e.g. inflammation and stress-induced inflammation have been associated with the development of depression via enhanced tryptophan breakdown. Depression is a major public health problem which commonly starts during adolescence, thus identifying underlying mechanisms during early life is crucial in prevention. The aim of this work was to verify whether independent and interacting associations of psychosocial stress and inflammation on tryptophan breakdown already exist in children and adolescents as a vulnerable age group...
May 15, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775475/perceptions-of-community-safety-and-social-activity-participation-among-youth-in-south-africa
#3
Nicole De Wet, Oluwaseyi Somefun, Ndivhuwo Rambau
BACKGROUND: Crime and violence causes massive disruptions to the health, survival and development of populations. In South Africa, incredibly high rates of crime and violence are noted. The country also has a very large youth population whose health, survival and development are key to economic growth. Among other efforts to encourage healthy youth development and the promotion of social activities such as sports, youth groups, choirs and so forth. This study examines the relationship between perceived community safety and the uptake of social activities among youth in South Africa...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775144/the-economic-consequences-of-neurosurgical-disease-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#4
Niclas Rudolfson, Michael C Dewan, Kee B Park, Mark G Shrime, John G Meara, Blake C Alkire
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to estimate the economic consequences of neurosurgical disease in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS The authors estimated gross domestic product (GDP) losses and the broader welfare losses attributable to 5 neurosurgical disease categories in LMICs using two distinct economic models. The value of lost output (VLO) model projects annual GDP losses due to neurosurgical disease during 2015-2030, and is based on the WHO's "Projecting the Economic Cost of Ill-health" tool...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775084/health-state-utilities-in-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-china
#5
Yunjie Shen, Bin Wu, Xiaohui Wang, Jun Zhu
AIM: Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a leading global health threat that impairs patient health outcomes. Health state utilities are fundamental values in economic evaluation and significantly vary across countries. Given the scarce data on the Chinese population, the current study measured utility values in the Chinese patients with NSCLC. METHODS: This study was conducted as a cross-sectional survey of patients with advanced NSCLC at the Shanghai Chest Hospital...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774721/-using-current-data-in-public-health-from-a-management-perspective-to-an-economic-evaluation-one
#6
Silvia Francisci, Anna Gigli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774710/-prevalence-of-acid-burns-among-asylum-seekers-hosted-in-an-initial-reception-centre-as-an-example-of-health-assessment-in-a-fragile-population
#7
Fulvio Ricceri, Veronica Sciannameo, Federico De Michelis, Lucia Perucca, Luisa Mondo, Roberto Raffaele Pepe, Carlotta Sacerdote
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the prevalence of acid burns among asylum seekers hosted in an initial reception centre and to evaluate if the prevalence is reduced after the introduction of the European Union (EU) regulation No. 29 (14th September 2016) that indirectly reduced the permanence time of the subjects on board of boats. DESIGN: cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 10,627 asylum seekers hosted in the centre for initial reception of Piedmont and Valle d'Aosta Regions (Northern Italy) between June 2016 and May 2017...
March 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774559/modeling-effects-of-risk-and-social-distance-on-vaccination-choice
#8
David P Jarmolowicz, Derek D Reed, Alex J Francisco, Jared M Bruce, Shea M Lemley, Amanda S Bruce
Despite vaccines' consistently demonstrated effectiveness, vaccination rates remain suboptimal due to vaccine refusal. Low vaccination rates are particularly problematic for individuals who cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons and thus must rely on herd immunity (i.e., protection of vulnerable individuals due to the high rate of vaccination of other-often socially distant-individuals). The current study uses a novel decision-making task to examine how three variables impacted participants' highest acceptable probability of side effects to their children: 1) the severity of the side effects their children experience, 2) the social distance to the beneficiary of the vaccination, and 3) the probability that the vaccine will prevent disease for that designated beneficiary...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774378/interpersonal-and-institutional-ethnic-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-a-random-sample-of-palestinian-minority-men-smokers-in-israel
#9
Nihaya Daoud, Meiyin Gao, Amira Osman, Carles Muntaner
PURPOSE: We sought to extend research into the health effects of discrimination to a non-Western context. We examined the associations between interpersonal and institutional ethnic discrimination, and anxiety and depression among Palestinian-Arab minority men citizens of Israel. METHODS: We used data from a nationwide stratified random sample of 964 Arab men in Israel, current or former smokers (age 18-64), who were interviewed as part of a 2012-2013 study on cessation...
May 17, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774298/cystic-echinococcosis-in-marketed-offal-of-sheep-in-basrah-iraq-abattoir-based-survey-and-a-probabilistic-model-estimation-of-the-direct-economic-losses-due-to-hydatid-cyst
#10
Mohanad F Abdulhameed, Ihab Habib, Suzan A Al-Azizz, Ian Robertson
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a highly endemic parasitic zoonosis in Iraq with substantial impacts on livestock productivity and human health. The objectives of this study were to study the abattoir-based occurrence of CE in marketed offal of sheep in Basrah province, Iraq, and to estimate, using a probabilistic modelling approach, the direct economic losses due to hydatid cysts. Based on detailed visual meat inspection, results from an active abattoir survey in this study revealed detection of hydatid cysts in 7...
February 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774294/seroprevalence-and-awareness-of-porcine-cysticercosis-across-different-pig-production-systems-in-south-central-cambodia
#11
Aderosoye Adenuga, Ana Mateus, Chhay Ty, Khieu Borin, Davun Holl, Sorn San, Victoria Duggan, Madeleine Clark, Gavin J D Smith, Richard Coker, Andrew Vaughn, James W Rudge
Background: Taeniasis/cysticercosis, caused by the pork tapeworm Taenia solium , represents an important public health and economic burden in endemic countries. However, there is a paucity of data on infection among pigs in many parts of Southeast Asia, particularly Cambodia. We aimed to estimate seroprevalence of porcine cysticercosis, and investigate husbandary practices and knowledge of the disease among livestock workers, across different pig sector units in south-central Cambodia...
February 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774293/financial-loss-estimation-of-bovine-fasciolosis-in-slaughtered-cattle-in-south-africa
#12
Ishmael Festus Jaja, Borden Mushonga, Ezekiel Green, Voster Muchenje
South Africa's livestock population is rapidly evolving and consequently will require sustained epidemiological surveillance to detect and prevent diseases which contribute to a decrease in livestock productivity, public health risk and food wastage. Fasciola infection is one of the commonest diseases affecting livestock health and a significant portion of meat and offal's are declared unfit for human consumption. This study assessed the prevalence and monetary losses associated with Fasciola infection at three abattoirs in Eastern Cape Province...
November 2017: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774270/lack-of-association-between-receiving-art-treatment-and-parental-psychological-distress-during-pregnancy-preliminary-findings-of-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study
#13
Kouichi Yoshimasu, Akiko Sato, Naoko Miyauchi, Kanami Tsuno, Hidekazu Nishigori, Kunihiko Nakai, Takahiro Arima
In a nationwide population-based birth cohort study in Japan, pregnant women and their partners were evaluated for psychological distress as part of the first and second/third trimester health checks. Participants were divided into three groups: an infertility group receiving assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment (239 mothers and 151 fathers); an infertility group receiving non-ART treatment (350 mothers and 215 fathers); and a spontaneous pregnancy group (8514 mothers and 5110 fathers). Data on maternal and child health as well as basic characteristics were collected via medical records and self-administered questionnaires...
April 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774116/human-papilloma-virus-global-research-architecture-assessed-by-density-equalizing-mapping
#14
Dörthe Brüggmann, Luise Kayser, Jenny Jaque, Matthias Bundschuh, Doris Klingelhöfer, David A Groneberg
Human papilloma virus (HPV) infection is linked to cervical cancer, which represents the world's fourth most common cancer in women. So far, no detailed map of the worldwide HPV research architecture has been constructed. Hence, this study focuses on the chronological development and geographical distribution of the global HPV-specific publications and evaluates citation-based parameters as well as socioeconomic features of the publishing countries. In total, 29,330 HPV-related publications were identified...
April 24, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773777/seeking-biomarkers-of-early-childhood-malnutrition-s-long-term-effects
#15
Pedro A Valdés-Sosa, Janina R Galler, Cyralene P Bryce, Arielle G Rabinowitz, María L Bringas-Vega, Nibaldo Hernández-Mesa, Alberto Taboada-Crispi
Protein-energy malnutrition affects one in nine people worldwide and is most prevalent among children aged less than five years in low-income countries. Early childhood malnutrition can have damaging neurodevelopmental effects, with significant increases in cognitive, neurological and mental health problems over the lifespan, outcomes which can also extend to the next generation. This article describes a research collaboration involving scientists from five centers in Barbados, China, Cuba and the USA. It builds on longer-term joint work between the Barbados Nutrition Study (which, over a 45-year span, has extensively documented nutritional, health, behavioral, social and economic outcomes of individuals who experienced protein-energy malnutrition in the first year of life and healthy controls from the same classrooms and neighborhoods) and the Cuban Neuroscience Center (which has developed low-cost brain imaging methods that can be readily used in low income settings to identify biomarkers for early detection and treatment of adverse consequences of childhood malnutrition)...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773772/promoting-scientific-cooperation-in-times-of-diplomatic-challenges-sustained-partnership-between-the-cuban-academy-of-sciences-and-the-american-association-for-the-advancement-of-science
#16
Sergio Jorge-Pastrana, Marga Gual-Soler, Tom C Wang
Scientific research cooperation between Cuba and the USA has a long history that dates back to the 19th century. For the past 200 years, the two countries' relationship has been subject to complex economic, political and social forces. In the second half of the 20th century, the Cuban revolution and the subsequent escalation of the US government embargo impacted every aspect of Cuban life. While science was no exception, scientific interactions never ceased. Over the past decade, scientific cooperation-led and facilitated by scientific organizations such as the Cuban Academy of Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science and others-has steadily increased to address ever more critical issues facing both countries...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773768/us-cuba-health-and-science-cooperation-they-persisted
#17
(no author information available yet)
The first truly universal society was the society of researchers. May the coming generation establish a political and economic society which will insure us against catastrophes. -Albert Einstein in Havana, December 19, 1930 Few may be aware of Einstein's 30 hours in Cuba, just as the world was plummeting into the Great Depression. He was received by the most illustrious academics of his day, leaving the entry above in the Golden Book of the Geographic Society of Cuba. He spoke before what was then the Academy of Medical, Physical and Natural Sciences of Havana-precursor of the Cuban Academy of Sciences...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773528/a-digital-app-to-aid-detection-monitoring-and-management-of-dyslexia-in-young-children-dimmand-protocol-for-a-digital-health-and-education-solution
#18
Mariam R Sood, Annet Toornstra, Martin I Sereno, Mark Boland, Daniele Filaretti, Anuj Sood
BACKGROUND: Dyslexia, a specific learning difficulty and a disability as defined in the Equality Act 2010, is a lifelong condition that affects a child from the start of education. Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties in language processing (reading, spelling, and writing) which do not correspond with the child's general intellectual abilities. Although dyslexia cannot be cured, there is a consensus that interventions are more effective and have greater impact the earlier they are administered...
May 17, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773084/sexual-and-reproductive-health-concerns-of-persons-with-disability-in-india-an-issue-of-deep-rooted-silence
#19
Seema Sharma, Muthusamy Sivakami
SummaryGlobal estimates suggest that over a billion people live with a disability that is significant enough to affect their daily lives. According to the 2011 Indian Census, India alone has about 26.8 million people with disabilities. Research suggests that persons with disabilities (PwDs) in India are among the most neglected, stigmatized, poor and least educated of the world's population, and women with disabilities in India are the most marginalized, both socially and economically. They bear the triple burden of being discriminated against through being 'women' (socially marginal beings), 'disabled' (incapacitated, inefficient and undesirable) and 'women with disabilities' (the weakest of the weak), often becoming socially invisible...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773075/does-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-of-tortured-refugees-represent-value-for-money-a-follow-up-of-a-danish-case-study
#20
Line Bager, Kristian Schultz Hansen, Carit Jacques Andersen, Shr-Jie Sharlenna Wang
BACKGROUND: The recent surge of asylum seekers in the European Union (EU) is raising questions about the EU's ability to integrate newcomers into the economy and into society; particularly those who need specialized services for the treatment of severe trauma. This study investigated whether rehabilitating traumatised refugees represents 'value-for-money' (VfM) in terms of intervention cost per health gain and in a long-term and societal perspective. METHODS: The economic evaluation comprised a cost-utility analysis (CUA) and a partial cost-benefit analysis (CBA)...
May 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
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