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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918448/a-systematic-review-of-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-screening-interventions-for-assessing-the-risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-women-considering-combined-oral-contraceptives
#1
REVIEW
Zanfina Ademi, C Simone Sutherland, Joris Van Stiphout, Jöelle Michaud, Goranka Tanackovic, Matthias Schwenkglenks
Use of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) by women increases the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which can have a major impact on an individuals' quality of life. VTE is also associated with an increase in healthcare costs. Our aim was to systematically review cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) considering any screening for risk of VTE in women using COCs. The quality of reporting in each study was assessed, a summary of results was prepared, and the key drivers of cost effectiveness in each of the eligible CEAs were identified...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917299/exploitation-of-chemical-herbal-and-nanoformulated-acaricides-to-control-the-cattle-tick-rhipicephalus-boophilus-microplus-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Balan Banumathi, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Periyannan Rajasekar, Narayanan Marimuthu Prabhu, Palaniappan Ramasamy, Kadarkarai Murugan, Angelo Canale, Giovanni Benelli
The tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus is a key vector of bacterial and protozoan diseases causing heavy economic losses directly and indirectly in animal husbandry. In the past decades, the control of ticks faced some major issues, such as the rapid development of resistance in targeted vectors and non-target effects on human health and the environment, due to the employ of synthetic acaricides and repellents. Eco-friendly pesticides for treating and controlling animal parasites such as ticks were mainly from medicinal plants and thus they form the richest entity for manufacturing resources for drugs...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916916/investigating-baseline-red-meat-slaughter-operator-capacity-and-directions-for-development-in-lao-pdr
#3
Joanne C Thomas, James R Young, Kathrin Schemann, Phaivanh Chankhamthong, Syseng Khounsy, Sonevilay Nampanya, Peter A Windsor, Russell D Bush
A study of operator knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) in red meat slaughter premise operations in northern Laos was conducted and compared with international best practice, to inform future industry development. The survey interviewed 68 (of 94 possible participants) employees from all ten commercial slaughter premises in six districts in three northern Laos provinces. This was supported by observations of slaughter premises, processes and the conduct of personnel. Descriptive analysis and linear regression modelling identified significant KAP predictor factors, and a gap analysis supported or rejected inferences from the generally low KAP scores for human and animal health, animal welfare, good manufacturing practices (GMP), work conditions and economics...
September 15, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916284/stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-versus-low-dose-rate-brachytherapy-for-localised-prostate-cancer-a-cost-utility-analysis
#4
J Helou, S Torres, H B Musunuru, J Raphael, P Cheung, D Vesprini, H T Chung, L D'Alimonte, M Krahn, G Morton, A Loblaw
AIMS: To conduct a cost-utility analysis comparing stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) with low dose rate brachytherapy (LDR-BT) for localised prostate cancer (PCa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A decision-analytic Markov model was developed from the healthcare payer perspective to simulate the history of a 66-year-old man with low-risk PCa. The model followed patients yearly over their remaining lifetimes. Health states included 'recurrence-free', 'biochemical recurrence' (BR), 'metastatic' and 'death'...
September 12, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915948/the-economics-of-surgical-simulation
#5
REVIEW
Noel Jabbour, Carl H Snyderman
There are massive hidden costs in the current paradigm of surgical training related to increased operative times for procedures with resident involvement and costs of medical errors. Shifting procedural training outside of the operating room through use of simulation has the potential to improve patient safety, minimize learning time to achieve competency, and increase operative efficiency. Investment in surgical simulation has the potential to reduce costs to health care systems through improved operating room efficiency and reduction of medical errors...
October 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915904/tiga-cub-manualised-psychoanalytic-child-psychotherapy-versus-treatment-as-usual-for-children-aged-5-11-years-with-treatment-resistant-conduct-disorders-and-their-primary-carers-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial
#6
Elizabeth Edginton, Rebecca Walwyn, Kayleigh Burton, Robert Cicero, Liz Graham, Sadie Reed, Sandy Tubeuf, Maureen Twiddy, Alex Wright-Hughes, Lynda Ellis, Dot Evans, Tom Hughes, Nick Midgley, Paul Wallis, David Cottrell
BACKGROUND: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends evidence-based parenting programmes as a first-line intervention for conduct disorders (CD) in children aged 5-11 years. As these are not effective in 25-33% of cases, NICE has requested research into second-line interventions. Child and Adolescent Psychotherapists (CAPTs) address highly complex problems where first-line treatments have failed and there have been small-scale studies of Psychoanalytic Child Psychotherapy (PCP) for CD...
September 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915890/barriers-and-enablers-for-the-development-and-implementation-of-allied-health-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-south-african-primary-healthcare-settings-a-qualitative-study
#7
J M Dizon, K Grimmer, Q Louw, S Machingaidze, H Parker, H Pillen
BACKGROUND: The South African allied health (AH) primary healthcare (PHC) workforce is challenged with the complex rehabilitation needs of escalating patient numbers. The application of evidence-based care using clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) is one way to make efficient and effective use of resources. Although CPGs are common for AH in high-income countries, there is limited understanding of how to do this in low- to middle-income countries. This paper describes barriers and enablers for AH CPG uptake in South African PHC...
September 15, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915865/informed-consent-and-registry-based-research-the-case-of-the-danish-circumcision-registry
#8
Thomas Ploug, Søren Holm
BACKGROUND: Research into personal health data holds great potential not only for improved treatment but also for economic growth. In these years many countries are developing policies aimed at facilitating such research often under the banner of 'big data'. A central point of debate is whether the secondary use of health data requires informed consent if the data is anonymised. In 2013 the Danish Minister of Health established a new register collecting data about all ritual male childhood circumcisions in Denmark...
September 15, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915819/bacteriophage-therapy-to-combat-bacterial-infections-in-poultry
#9
REVIEW
Andrzej Wernicki, Anna Nowaczek, Renata Urban-Chmiel
Infections in poultry are an economic and health problem in Europe and worldwide. The most common infections are associated with salmonellosis, colibacillosis, campylobacteriosis, and others. The prevalence of Campylobacter-positive poultry flocks in European countries varies from 18% to 90%. In the United States, the prevalence of infected flocks is nearly 90%. A similar percentage of infection has been noted for salmonellosis (about 75-90%) and E. coli (90-95%). The occurence of Clostridium perfringens is a major problem for the poultry industry, with some estimates suggesting colonization of as many as 95% of chickens, resulting in clinical or subclinical infections...
September 16, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915473/endocrine-disrupting-compounds-in-streams-in-israel-and-the-palestinian-west-bank-implications-for-transboundary-basin-management
#10
Pniela Dotan, Maayan Yeshayahu, Wa'd Odeh, Nina Gordon-Kirsch, Ludmila Groisman, Nader Al-Khateeb, Alfred Abed Rabbo, Alon Tal, Shai Arnon
Endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) frequently enter surface waters via discharges from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), as well as from industrial and agricultural activities, creating environmental and health concerns. In this study, selected EDCs were measured in water and sediments along two transboundary streams flowing from the Palestinian Authority (PA) into Israel (the Zomar-Alexander and Hebron-Beer Sheva Streams). We assessed how the complicated conflict situation between Israel and the PA and the absence of a coordinated strategy and joint stream management commission influence effective EDC control...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915435/an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-on-the-public-health-consequences-of-social-isolation-and-loneliness
#11
REVIEW
N Leigh-Hunt, D Bagguley, K Bash, V Turner, S Turnbull, N Valtorta, W Caan
OBJECTIVES: Social isolation and loneliness have been associated with ill health and are common in the developed world. A clear understanding of their implications for morbidity and mortality is needed to gauge the extent of the associated public health challenge and the potential benefit of intervention. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review of systematic reviews (systematic overview) was undertaken to determine the wider consequences of social isolation and loneliness, identify any differences between the two, determine differences from findings of non-systematic reviews and to clarify the direction of causality...
September 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915242/a-retrospective-cost-analysis-of-additional-homeopathic-treatment-in-germany-long-term-economic-outcomes
#12
Julia K Ostermann, Claudia M Witt, Thomas Reinhold
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to provide a long-term cost comparison of patients using additional homeopathic treatment (homeopathy group) with patients using usual care (control group) over an observation period of 33 months. METHODS: Health claims data from a large statutory health insurance company were analysed from both the societal perspective (primary outcome) and from the statutory health insurance perspective (secondary outcome). To compare costs between patient groups, homeopathy and control patients were matched in a 1:1 ratio using propensity scores...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914721/sepsis-in-children-global-implications-of-the-world-health-assembly-resolution-on-sepsis
#13
Niranjan Kissoon, Konrad Reinhart, Ron Daniels, Machado Flavia R Machado, Raymond D Schachter, Simon Finfer
BACKGROUND: Sepsis, worldwide the leading cause of death in children, has now been recognized as the global health emergency it is. On May 26, 2017, the World Health Assembly, the decision-making body of the World Health Organization, adopted a resolution proposed by the Global Sepsis Alliance to improve the prevention, diagnosis, and management of sepsis. OBJECTIVE: To discuss the implications of this resolution for children worldwide. CONCLUSIONS: The resolution highlights sepsis as a global threat and urges the 194 United Nations member states to take specific actions and implement appropriate measures to reduce its human and health economic burden...
September 13, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914229/clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-beta-interferon-and-glatiramer-acetate-for-treating-multiple-sclerosis-systematic-review-and-economic-evaluation
#14
G J Melendez-Torres, Peter Auguste, Xavier Armoiry, Hendramoorthy Maheswaran, Rachel Court, Jason Madan, Alan Kan, Stephanie Lin, Carl Counsell, Jacoby Patterson, Jeremy Rodrigues, Olga Ciccarelli, Hannah Fraser, Aileen Clarke
BACKGROUND: At the time of publication of the most recent National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance [technology appraisal (TA) 32] in 2002 on beta-interferon (IFN-β) and glatiramer acetate (GA) for multiple sclerosis, there was insufficient evidence of their clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To undertake (1) systematic reviews of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of IFN-β and GA in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) and clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) compared with best supportive care (BSC) and each other, investigating annualised relapse rate (ARR) and time to disability progression confirmed at 3 months and 6 months and (2) cost-effectiveness assessments of disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) for CIS and RRMS compared with BSC and each other...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914196/ethnic-disparity-and-increased-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-among-south-asians-aetiology-and-future-implications-for-diabetes-prevention-and-management
#15
Venugopal Vijayakumar, Ramesh Mavathur, Manjunath Nk Sharma
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is turning out to be a global health crisis. Current available literature clearly indicates an increased risk of type 2 diabetes amongst South Asian population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this narrative review is to explore the non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors of T2DM in South Asian population, including their beliefs, attitudes, socio economic and cultural barriers and also to explore the possible implications in designing culture specific diabetes prevention and management programs...
September 15, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914177/sedentariness-and-weight-status-related-to-ses-and-family-characteristics-in-italian-adults-exploring-geographic-variability-through-multilevel-models
#16
Domenica Matranga, Garden Tabacchi, Donatella Cangialosi
AIM: In this study, our aim was to assess the prevalence of sedentariness and overweight/obesity, two modifiable risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and to investigate the geographic variability in their association with socio-economic status (SES) and family characteristics in Italian adults. METHODS: The Multipurpose Survey on Health Conditions and the Recourse to Health Services (MSHC), 2012/2013 edition, conducted by the National Institute of Statistics was used as data source...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914094/quality-assessment-of-economic-evaluations-of-suicide-and-self-harm-interventions
#17
Lizell Bustamante Madsen, Michael Eddleston, Kristian Schultz Hansen, Flemming Konradsen
BACKGROUND: Death following self-harm constitutes a major global public health challenge and there is an urgent need for governments to implement cost-effective, national suicide prevention strategies. AIM: To conduct a systematic review and quality appraisal of the economic evaluations of interventions aimed at preventing suicidal behavior. METHOD: A systematic literature search was performed in several literature databases to identify relevant articles published from 2003 to 2016...
September 15, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914061/mobile-applications-as-good-intervention-tools-for-individuals-with-depression
#18
Petra Marešová, Blanka Klímová, Kamil Kuča
At present mental disorders affect approximately 450 million people around the world. Depressive disorder is probably one of the most serious disorders and as a type of chronic disease, it represents a global threat and burdens economic and social systems of both individuals and governments worldwide. One of these most recent non-pharmacological approaches is also the so-called mHealth (mobile health), the use of mobile devices for the practice of medicine and public health, which proves to be effective particularly in the early stages of depression...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913834/which-children-and-young-people-are-excluded-from-school-findings-from-a-large-british-birth-cohort-study-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children-alspac
#19
A Paget, C Parker, J Heron, S Logan, W Henley, A Emond, T Ford
BACKGROUND: Exclusion from school is increasingly recognized as pertinent to child health. National educational data reveal that boys, children who are looked-after, living in poverty, have special educational needs, or from certain ethnic minorities, are disproportionately excluded from school. As population-based data on the wider characteristics of excluded children are scarce, we aimed to describe predictors of school exclusion in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
September 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913577/a-resequencing-pathogen-microarray-method-for-high-throughput-molecular-diagnosis-of-multiple-etiologies-associated-with-central-nervous-system-infection
#20
Ji Wang, Panhui Yu, Zhengde Xie, Tengfei Yan, Chen Chen, Xinxin Shen, Xiangpeng Chen, Lixin Li, Xiuxia Wang, Suzhen Sun, Xuejun Ma
Central nervous system infection (CNSI) results in significant health and economic burdens worldwide, but the diversity of causative pathogens makes differential diagnosis very difficult. Although PCR and real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (q-PCR) assays are widely applied for pathogen detection, they are generally optimized for the detection of a single or limited number of targets and are not suitable for the diagnosis of numerous CNSI agents. In this study, we describe the development of a resequencing pathogen microarray (RPM-IVDC4) method for the simultaneous detection of viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites that cause CNSI...
September 14, 2017: Archives of Virology
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