keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health economics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926938/uncovering-the-pathogenic-landscape-of-helminth-opisthorchis-viverrini-infections-a-cross-sectional-study-on-contributions-of-physical-and-social-environment-and-healthcare-interventions
#1
Xueyuan Ong, Yi-Chen Wang, Paiboon Sithithaworn, Jutamas Namsanor, David Taylor, Luxana Laithavewat
BACKGROUND: Helminth infections have proven recalcitrant to control by chemotherapy in many parts of Southeast Asia and indeed farther afield. This study isolates and examines the influence of different aspects of the physical and social environment, and uneven intervention effort contributing to the pathogenic landscape of human Opisthorchis viverrini infections. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional survey, involving 632 participants, was conducted in four villages in northeast Thailand to examine the impact on prevalence and parasite burden of the reservoir dam environment, socio-economic, demographic, and behavioral factors, and health center intervention efforts...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926810/analysis-of-changes-in-cancer-health-care-system-in-poland-since-the-socio-economic-transformation-in-1989
#2
Dorota Dudek-Godeau, Anna Kieszkowska-Grudny, Katarzyna Kwiatkowska, Joanna Bogusz, Mirosław J Wysocki, Magdalena Bielska-Lasota
Background: The transformation period in Poland is associated with a set of factors seen as ‘socio-economic stress’, which unfavourably influenced cancer treatment and slowed down the progress of the Polish cancer care in the 90’s. These outcomes in many aspects of cancer care may be experienced till today. The results of the international EUROCARE and CONCORD studies based on European data prove evidence that there is a substantial potential for improvement of low 5-year survival rates in Poland...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926678/cost-minimization-analysis-of-open-and-endoscopic-carpal-tunnel-release
#3
Steven Zhang, Molly Vora, Alex H S Harris, Laurence Baker, Catherine Curtin, Robin N Kamal
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel release is the most common upper-limb surgical procedure performed annually in the U.S. There are 2 surgical methods of carpal tunnel release: open or endoscopic. Currently, there is no clear clinical or economic evidence supporting the use of one procedure over the other. We completed a cost-minimization analysis of open and endoscopic carpal tunnel release, testing the null hypothesis that there is no difference between the procedures in terms of cost. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review using a private-payer and Medicare Advantage database composed of 16 million patient records from 2007 to 2014...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926631/effect-of-pectoral-electrostimulation-on-reduction-of-mammary-ptosis-after-bariatric-surgery
#4
Jaime Ruiz-Tovar, Carolina Llavero
BACKGROUND: Over 90% of women report to be very dissatisfied with the aspect of their breast after bariatric surgery. Breast reconstructive surgeries are often not funded by the National Health Service or private health insurances in many countries and the patient must pay a high economic amount to undergo it. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective randomized clinical trial of patients undergoing bariatric surgery was performed. Patients were randomly assigned into 3 groups: patients undergoing percutaneous electrostimulation of the pectoral muscle combined with specific training (group 1), patients doing the specific training alone (group 2), and patients without any specific treatment (group 3)...
December 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926443/applied-economics-the-use-of-monetary-incentives-to-modulate-behavior
#5
S Strang, S Q Park, T Strombach, P Kenning
According to standard economic theory higher monetary incentives will lead to higher performance and higher effort independent of task, context, or individual. In many contexts this standard economic advice is implemented. Monetary incentives are, for example, used to enhance performance at workplace or to increase health-related behavior. However, the fundamental positive impact of monetary incentives has been questioned by psychologists as well as behavioral economists during the last decade, arguing that monetary incentives can sometimes even backfire...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925856/clinical-and-economic-impact-of-herpes-zoster-vaccination-in-elderly-in-italy
#6
Sara Boccalini, Cristiano Alicino, Domenico Martinelli, Angela Bechini, Emilia Tiscione, Barbara Pellizzari, Rosa Prato, Giancarlo Icardi, Stefania Iannazzo, Paolo Bonanni
Herpes zoster (HZ) is a very relevant pathology among elderly people (≥ 60 years of age), with a considerable disease burden and loss of quality of life. In the last years a new vaccine against HZ became available in Italy. Therefore, the Italian decision makers are now confronted with the decision whether that vaccination should be implemented. Pharmaco-economic analyses represent useful tools to value the feasibility of new immunization programs and their sustainability. To this aim, an ad hoc population model was developed in order to value the clinical and economic impact of HZ vaccination program for the elderly in Italy...
December 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925845/economic-studies-applied-to-vaccines-against-invasive-diseases-an-updated-budget-impact-analysis-of-age-based-pneumococcal-vaccination-strategies-in-the-elderly-in-italy
#7
Sara Boccalini, Angela Bechini, Roberto Gasparini, Donatella Panatto, Daniela Amicizia, Paolo Bonanni
Many evaluations have been carried out on the economic impact of pneumococcal vaccination in older adults (>64 years of age) in several countries, including Italy. However, these studies did not include the new data on the effectiveness of 13-valent conjugate pneumococcal vaccine (PCV13) in the elderly reported by the CAPiTA Study. The aim of the present study was to update our previous budget impact analysis of multi-cohort PCV13 vaccination in adults in Italy by including new scientific evidence. We also compared single-cohort vaccination strategies per year, in order to identify the cohort with the most favourable economic profile, in the event of the multi-cohort approach not being economically sustainable for the National Health System (NHS)...
December 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925711/evaluation-of-susceptibility-of-polymer-and-rubber-materials-intended-into-contact-with-drinking-water-on-biofilm-formation
#8
Maciej Szczotko, Agnieszka Stankiewicz, Małgorzata Jamsheer-Bratkowska
Background: Plumbing materials in water distribution networks and indoor installations are constantly evolving. The application of new, more economical solutions with plastic materials eliminates the corrosion problems, however, do not fully protect the consumer against secondary microbial contamination of water intended for human consumption caused by the presence of a biofilm on the inner surface of materials applied. National Institute of Public Health - National Institute of Hygiene conducts research aimed at a comprehensive assessment of this type of materials, resulting their further marketing authorization in Poland...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925153/targeting-the-hard-to-reach-challenges-and-novel-strategies-in-the-treatment-of-intracellular-bacterial-infections
#9
REVIEW
Nor Fadhilah Kamaruzzaman, Sharon Kendall, Liam Good
Infectious diseases continue to threaten human and animal health and welfare globally, impacting millions of lives and causing substantial economic loss. The use of antibacterials has been only partially successful in reducing disease impact. Bacterial cells are inherently resilient, and the therapy challenge is increased by the development of antibacterial resistance, the formation of biofilms and the ability of certain clinically important pathogens to invade and localize within host cells. Invasion into host cells provides protection from both antibacterials and the host immune system...
November 7, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925131/-social-and-ethical-criteria-for-prioritizing-patients-a-survey-of-students-and-health-professionals-in-portugal
#10
Micaela Moreira Pinho
This qualitative/quantitative study examines the ethical dilemma of microallocation of health resources. It seeks to identify and compare the opinion of two groups in Portuguese society - students and health professionals - on the importance of personal characteristics of patients at the moment of prioritizing them and if the choices can be explained by bioethical references of a utilitarian or deontological nature. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire administered to a sample of 180 students and 60 health professionals...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924740/so-let-me-find-my-way-whatever-it-will-cost-me-rather-than-leaving-myself-in-darkness-experiences-of-glaucoma-in-nigeria
#11
Fatima Kyari, Clare I Chandler, Martha Martin, Clare E Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Blindness from glaucoma is associated with socio-economic deprivation, presumed to reflect poor access to care and poor adherence to treatment. OBJECTIVES: To determine why people with glaucoma are presenting late for treatment and to understand access to glaucoma care. Additionally, we sought to identify what patients and the community know, do and think about the condition and why the poor are the most affected with glaucoma blindness. DESIGN: Study participants were from four communities and two hospitals in Abuja-FCT and Kaduna State, Nigeria...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924642/development-of-an-rt-qpcr-assay-for-the-specific-detection-of-a-distinct-genetic-lineage-of-the-infectious-bursal-disease-virus
#12
Gonzalo Tomás, Martín Hernández, Ana Marandino, Claudia Techera, Sofia Grecco, Diego Hernández, Alejandro Banda, Yanina Panzera, Ruben Pérez
The infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is a major health threat to the world's poultry industry despite intensive controls including proper biosafety practices and vaccination. IBDV (Avibirnavirus, Birnaviridae) is a non-enveloped virus with a bisegmented double-stranded RNA genome. The virus is traditionally classified into classic, variant and very virulent strains, each with different epidemiological relevance and clinical implications. Recently, a novel worldwide spread genetic lineage was described and denoted as distinct (d) IBDV...
December 7, 2016: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924531/fusarium-species-and-their-associated-mycotoxins
#13
Gary P Munkvold
The genus Fusarium includes numerous toxigenic species that are pathogenic to plants or humans, and are able to colonize a wide range of environments on earth. The genus comprises around 70 well-known species, identified by using a polyphasic approach, and as many as 300 putative species, according to phylogenetic species concepts; many putative species do not yet have formal names. Fusarium is one of the most economically important fungal genera because of yield loss due to plant pathogenic activity; mycotoxin contamination of food and feed products which often render them unaccep for marketing; and health impacts to humans and livestock, due to consumption of mycotoxins...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924528/mycotoxins-an-underhand-food-problem
#14
Antonio Moretti, Antonio F Logrieco, Antonia Susca
Among the food safety issues, the occurrence of fungal species able to produce toxic metabolites on the agro-food products has acquired a general attention. These compounds, the mycotoxins, generally provided of low molecular weight, are the result of the secondary metabolism of the toxigenic fungi. They may have toxic activity toward the plants, but mostly represent a serious risk for human and animal health worldwide, since they can be accumulated on many final crop products and they have a broad range of toxic biological activities...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924466/quality-of-life-in-children-with-thalassemia-and-their-caregivers-in-india
#15
Sapna Sharma, Bageshree Seth, Prashant Jawade, Madhavi Ingale, Maninder Singh Setia
OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare the Quality of Life (QOL) of children with beta-thalassemia major on regular transfusion therapy with normal children, and of the caregivers of children with beta-thalassemia major to that of caregivers of normal children. METHODS: A cross-sectional comparison of QOL in 75 thalassemic and 80 non-thalassemic children was conducted using the PedsQL™ 4.0 generic core scale. Also self-rated health was assessed in their caregivers using Short Form-36 Health Survey...
December 7, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924107/newborn-healthcare-in-urban-india
#16
REVIEW
J Sharma, D Osrin, B Patil, S B Neogi, M Chauhan, R Khanna, R Kumar, V K Paul, S Zodpey
The rapid population growth in urban India has outpaced the municipal capacity to build essential infrastructures that make life in cities safe and healthy. Local and national governments alike are grappling with the challenges of urbanization with thousands migrating from villages to cities. Thus, urbanization in India has been accompanied by a concentration of poverty and urban public healthcare has emerged as one of the most pressing priorities facing our country. Newborn mortality rates in urban settings are lower than rural areas, early neonatal deaths account for greater proportion than late neonatal deaths...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923779/a-multidisciplinary-model-to-guide-employment-outcomes-among-people-living-with-spinal-cord-injuries-in-south-africa-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol
#17
Ntsikelelo Pefile, Joyce Mothabeng, Saloshni Naidoo
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) often results in complete or partial loss of functioning of the upper and/or lower limbs, leading to the affected individual experiencing difficulties in performing activities of daily living. This results in reduced participation in social, religious, recreational, and economic activities (employment). The South Africa legal framework promotes the employment and assistance of people with disabilities. However, rehabilitation interventions focus mainly on impairments and activity limitations, with few attempts to prepare those with SCI to return to gainful employment...
December 6, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923558/evaluating-the-role-of-income-state-dependence-and-individual-specific-heterogeneity-in-the-determination-of-subjective-health-assessments
#18
Iván Fernández-Val, Yevgeniya Savchenko, Francis Vella
This paper investigates the role of various determinants of an individual's subjective self-assessment of own health. While the economics literature has focused primarily on the role of income on these assessments, we include an examination of the role of state dependence and unobserved individual specific time invariant heterogeneity. We employ a dynamic fixed effects ordered choice model to examine the responses of Australian residents. We find no statistically significant relationship between transitory income and health responses...
November 28, 2016: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923501/influenza-a-virus-vaccines-for-swine
#19
Amy L Vincent, Daniel R Perez, Daniela Rajao, Tavis K Anderson, Eugenio J Abente, Rasna R Walia, Nicola S Lewis
Economic losses due to influenza A virus (IAV) infections are substantial and a global problem, ranking among the top three major health challenges in the swine industry. Currently, H1 and H3 subtypes circulate in pigs globally associated with different combinations of N1 and N2 subtypes; however, the origin, gene constellation, and antigenic makeup of IAV vary greatly on different continents. Vaccination is one means of mitigating the effects of IAV disease, and vaccines are most effective if the strains included closely match the currently circulating strains in pigs...
November 24, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923430/family-income-and-material-deprivation-do-they-matter-for-sleep-quality-and-quantity-in-early-life
#20
Marta Barazzetta, Simone Ghislandi
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present paper is to investigate the determinants of sleeping patterns in children up to age 9 on a large and geographically homogeneous sample of British children and parents, focusing in particular on the role of economic and social factors, specifically on income. METHODS: The data of this study come from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a long-term health research project that recruited over 14,000 pregnant women who were due to give birth between April 1991 and December 1992 in Bristol and its surrounding areas, including some of Somerset and Gloucestershire...
November 28, 2016: Sleep
keyword
keyword
3436
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"