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cardiology meta analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330658/nonobstructive-coronary-artery-disease-by-coronary-ct-angiography-improves%C3%A2-risk-stratification-and-allocation%C3%A2-of-statin%C3%A2-therapy
#1
Hamed Emami, Richard A P Takx, Thomas Mayrhofer, Sumbal Janjua, Jakob Park, Amit Pursnani, Ahmed Tawakol, Michael T Lu, Maros Ferencik, Udo Hoffmann
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine prognostic value of nonobstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) events and to determine whether incorporation of this information into the pooled cohort equation reclassifies recommendations for statin therapy as defined by the 2013 guidelines for cholesterol management of the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA). BACKGROUND: Detection of nonobstructive CAD by coronary computed tomography angiography may improve risk stratification and permit individualized and more appropriate allocation of statin therapy...
March 10, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303211/real-time-three-dimensional-echocardiography-characterization-of-cardiac-anatomy-and-function-current-clinical-applications-and-literature-review-update
#2
REVIEW
Omar Velasco, Morgan Q Beckett, Aaron W James, Megan N Loehr, Taylor G Lewis, Tahmin Hassan, Rajesh Janardhanan
Our review of real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) discusses the diagnostic utility of RT3DE and provides a comparison with two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) in clinical cardiology. A Pubmed literature search on RT3DE was performed using the following key words: transthoracic, two-dimensional, three-dimensional, real-time, and left ventricular (LV) function. Articles included perspective clinical studies and meta-analyses in the English language, and focused on the role of RT3DE in human subjects...
2017: BioResearch Open Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302997/platelets-cellular-and-functional-characteristics-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-comprehensive-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#3
Alexander Weymann, Sadeq Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh, Anton Sabashnikov, Aron-Frederik Popov, Seyed Jalil Mirhosseini, Luis Nombela-Franco, Luca Testa, Mohammadreza Lotfaliani, Mohamed Zeriouh, Tong Liu, Hamidreza Dehghan, Senol Yavuz, Michel Pompeu Barros de Oliveira Sá, William L Baker, Jae-Sik Jang, Mengqi Gong, Umberto Benedetto, Pascal M Dohmen, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Abhishek J Deshmukh, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Hugh Calkins, Gregg W Stone, Integrated Meta-Analysis Of Cardiac Surgery And Cardiology-Group Imcsc-Group
BACKGROUND This systematic review with meta-analysis aimed to determine the strength of evidence for evaluating the association of platelet cellular and functional characteristics including platelet count (PC), MPV, platelet distribution width (PDW), platelet factor 4, beta thromboglobulin (BTG), and p-selectin with the occurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and consequent stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS We conducted a meta-analysis of observational studies evaluating platelet characteristics in patients with paroxysmal, persistent and permanent atrial fibrillations...
March 17, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252019/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-and-the-syntax-score-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Chandra Mouli Yanamala, Feng Huang
The SYNTAX [Synergy Between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) With Taxus and coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG)] score is a decision-making tool in interventional cardiology. However, several facts still remain to be addressed: What about PCI or CABG with a low versus a high score respectively? And what about PCI with a low score versus CABG with a high score? Electronic databases were carefully searched for relevant publications. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated and the analysis was carried out by RevMan 5...
March 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164009/infarct-related-artery-only-versus-complete-revascularization-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-and-multi-vessel-disease-a-meta-analysis
#5
Satyanarayana R Vaidya, Santhosh R Devarapally, Sameer Arora
BACKGROUND: The 2015 American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association (ACCF/AHA) focused update on primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) only gives a class II b (weak) indication for non-infarct artery intervention at the time of primary PCI. Recent randomized controlled trials, however, suggest strong evidence supporting complete revascularization. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in PUBMED, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane central register for randomized controlled trials comparing complete versus infarct artery (IRA) only revascularization in patients with STEMI...
February 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068415/same-day-discharge-versus-overnight-stay-in-the-hospital-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Mohammad Zafooruddin Sani Soogund, Wei-Qiang Huang
BACKGROUND: New research in interventional cardiology has shown the demand for percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) to have increased tremendously. Effective treatment with a lower hospital cost has been the aim of several PCI capable centers. This study aimed to compare the adverse clinical outcomes associated with same day discharge versus overnight stay in the hospital following PCI in a population of randomized patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: The National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE/PubMed), the Cochrane Registry of Randomized Controlled Trials and EMBASE databases were searched (from March to June 2016) for randomized trials comparing same-day discharge versus overnight stay in the hospital following PCI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993908/implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-for-nonischemic-cardiomyopathy-an-updated-meta-analysis
#7
LETTER
Harsh Golwala, Navkaranbir Singh Bajaj, Garima Arora, Pankaj Arora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915163/impact-of-transfusion-on-stroke-after-cardiovascular-interventions-meta-analysis-of-comparative-studies
#8
Debora Brascia, Noemi Garcia-Medina, Eeva-Maija Kinnunen, Tuomas Tauriainen, Juhani Airaksinen, Fausto Biancari
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of transfusion on the development of stroke after cardiovascular interventions. METHODS: A literature search was performed to identify comparative studies on the impact of blood transfusion on the occurrence of stroke after adult cardiac surgery and interventional cardiology procedures. RESULTS: Twenty-four studies compared the outcome of 80 283 patients who received and 2 260 709 patients who did not receive blood transfusion after cardiovascular interventions...
April 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873229/subclinical-kidney-damage-in-hypertensive-patients-a-renal-window-opened-on-the-cardiovascular-system-focus-on-microalbuminuria
#9
Giuseppe Mulè, Antonella Castiglia, Claudia Cusumano, Emilia Scaduto, Giulio Geraci, Dario Altieri, Epifanio Di Natale, Onofrio Cacciatore, Giovanni Cerasola, Santina Cottone
The kidney is one of the major target organs of hypertension.Kidney damage represents a frequent event in the course of hypertension and arterial hypertension is one of the leading causes of end-stage renal disease (ESRD).ESRD has long been recognized as a strong predictor of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. However, over the past 20 years a large and consistent body of evidence has been produced suggesting that CV risk progressively increases as the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) declines and is already significantly elevated even in the earliest stages of renal damage...
November 22, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867524/varying-effects-of-recommended-treatments-for-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-in-the-esc-and-accf-aha-guidelines
#10
REVIEW
Marius Mark Thomsen, Christian Lewinter, Lars Køber
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the treatment effects of recommended drugs and devices on key clinical outcomes for patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFREF). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) listed in the 2012 HF guideline from the European Society of Cardiology as well as the 2013 HF guideline from the American College of Cardiology Foundation and American Heart Association were evaluated for use in the meta-analysis. RCTs written in English evaluating recommended drugs and devices for the treatment of patients with HFREF were included...
December 2016: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846641/prevalence-and-prognostic-implications-of-coronary-artery-calcification-in-low-risk-women-a-meta-analysis
#11
Maryam Kavousi, Chintan S Desai, Colby Ayers, Roger S Blumenthal, Matthew J Budoff, Amir-Abbas Mahabadi, M Arfan Ikram, Aad van der Lugt, Albert Hofman, Raimund Erbel, Amit Khera, Marie H Geisel, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Nils Lehmann, Udo Hoffmann, Christopher J O'Donnell, Joseph M Massaro, Kiang Liu, Stefan Möhlenkamp, Hongyan Ning, Oscar H Franco, Philip Greenland
Importance: The role of coronary artery calcium (CAC) testing for guiding preventive strategies among women at low cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk based on the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association CVD prevention guidelines is unclear. Objective: To assess the potential utility of CAC testing for CVD risk estimation and stratification among low-risk women. Design, Setting, and Participants: Women with 10-year atherosclerotic CVD (ASCVD) risk lower than 7...
November 22, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836786/non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-and-heart-failure
#12
REVIEW
Richard Isnard, Fabrice Bauer, Alain Cohen-Solal, Thibaud Damy, Erwan Donal, Michel Galinier, Albert Hagège, Patrick Jourdain, Christophe Leclercq, Rémi Sabatier, Jean-Noël Trochu, Ariel Cohen
Thromboembolism contributes to morbidity and mortality in patients with heart failure (HF), and atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the main factors promoting this complication. As they share many risk factors, HF and AF frequently coexist, and patients with both conditions are at a particularly high risk of thromboembolism. Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are direct antagonists of thrombin (dabigatran) and factor Xa (rivaroxaban, apixaban and edoxaban), and were designed to overcome the limitations of vitamin K antagonists...
November 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810865/graphics-and-statistics-for-cardiology-data-visualisation-for-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Amit Kiran, Abel Pérez Crespillo, Kazem Rahimi
Graphical displays play a pivotal role in understanding data sets and disseminating results. For meta-analysis, they are instrumental in presenting findings from multiple studies. This report presents guidance to authors wishing to submit graphical displays as part of their meta-analysis to a clinical cardiology journal, such as HeartWhen using graphical displays for meta-analysis, we recommend the following: Use a flow diagram to describe the number of studies returned from the initial search, the inclusion/exclusion criteria applied and the final number of studies used in the meta-analysis...
January 1, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777324/the-prognostic-effect-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-the-era-of-acute-revascularisation-and-statin-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-and-non-randomized-studies-the-cardiac-rehabilitation-outcome-study-cros
#14
REVIEW
Bernhard Rauch, Constantinos H Davos, Patrick Doherty, Daniel Saure, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Annett Salzwedel, Heinz Völler, Katrin Jensen, Jean-Paul Schmid
BACKGROUND: The prognostic effect of multi-component cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in the modern era of statins and acute revascularisation remains controversial. Focusing on actual clinical practice, the aim was to evaluate the effect of CR on total mortality and other clinical endpoints after an acute coronary event. DESIGN: Structured review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), retrospective controlled cohort studies (rCCSs) and prospective controlled cohort studies (pCCSs) evaluating patients after acute coronary syndrome (ACS), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or mixed populations with coronary artery disease (CAD) were included, provided the index event was in 1995 or later...
October 24, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753841/sy-07-2-should-diabetes-mellitus-remain-a-compelling-indication-for-use-of-renin-angiotensin-system-blockers
#15
Franz Messerli
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes with use of renin angiotensin system (RAS) blockers compared with other antihypertensive agents in people with diabetes. DESIGN: Meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials databases for randomized trials of RAS blockers versus other antihypertensive agents in people with diabetes mellitus. Outcomes were death, cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, angina, stroke, heart failure, revascularization, and end stage renal disease...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676464/disparities-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-participation-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Enid Y Sun, Yuri T Jadotte, William Halperin
PURPOSE: Phase 2 cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a class I recommendation for all patients following an acute cardiac event or cardiac surgery according to the The American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology Foundation. Studies have shown that there are differences in cardiac rehabilitation participation rates between sociodemographic groups. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analyses was to synthesize quantitative data on the relationship between outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (OCR) attendance and various sociodemographic factors...
January 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642960/sy-07-2-should-diabetes-mellitus-remain-a-compelling-indication-for-use-of-renin-angiotensin-system-blockers
#17
Franz Messerli
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes with use of renin angiotensin system (RAS) blockers compared with other antihypertensive agents in people with diabetes. DESIGN: Meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials databases for randomized trials of RAS blockers versus other antihypertensive agents in people with diabetes mellitus. Outcomes were death, cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, angina, stroke, heart failure, revascularization, and end stage renal disease...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634736/remote-haemodynamic-guided-care-for-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-a-meta-analysis-of-completed-trials
#18
Philip B Adamson, Greg Ginn, Stefan D Anker, Robert C Bourge, William T Abraham
AIMS: Haemodynamic-guided heart failure (HF) management using directly measured cardiac filling pressures in symptomatic patients is now recommended in the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Heart Failure Guidelines [Class IIb(B)]. This meta-analysis evaluates all data from completed clinical trials evaluating this approach in patients with HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: All trials evaluating the impact of HF management based on haemodynamic monitoring using implantable devices were reviewed using standard search engine methods...
September 16, 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590185/adverse-clinical-outcomes-associated-with-a-low-dose-and-a-high-dose-of-aspirin-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Girish Janoo, Abhishek Rishikesh Teeluck, Wei-Qiang Huang
BACKGROUND: Guidelines from the American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology recommend a higher dosage of aspirin daily following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI), whereas guidelines from the European Society of Cardiology recommend a lower dosage. This study aimed to compare the adverse clinical outcomes associated with a low dose and a high dose of aspirin following PCI. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for studies comparing a low dose with a high dose aspirin following PCI...
2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544900/integration-of-flow-gradient-patterns-into%C3%A2-clinical-decision-making-for-patients-with-suspected-severe-aortic-stenosis-and-preserved-lvef-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-and-meta-analysis
#20
Chirag Bavishi, Kiruthika Balasundaram, Edgar Argulian
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the evidence base for the 2014 American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology (AHA/ACC) guidelines for severe aortic stenosis (SAS) and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction by comparing the natural history of the disease in subgroups of low-gradient (LG) aortic stenosis patients with high-gradient (HG) patients. BACKGROUND: The 2014 AHA/ACC valvular disease guidelines recommend estimation of stroke volume index by echocardiography in patients with suspected LG SAS and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction...
November 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
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