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cardiology medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310133/percutaneous-closure-versus-medical-treatment-in-stroke-patients-with-patent-foramen-ovale-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Salvatore De Rosa, Horst Sievert, Jolanda Sabatino, Alberto Polimeni, Sabato Sorrentino, Ciro Indolfi
Background: New evidence emerged recently regarding the percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) to prevent recurrent stroke in patients with cryptogenic stroke. Purpose: To compare risks for recurrent cerebrovascular events in adults with PFO and cryptogenic stroke who underwent PFO closure versus those who received medical therapy alone. Data Sources: PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar from 1 December 2004 through 14 September 2017; references of eligible studies; relevant scientific session abstracts; and cardiology Web sites...
January 9, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300869/educational-needs-and-application-of-guidelines-in-the-management-of-patients-with-mitral-regurgitation-a-european-mixed-methods-study
#2
Bernard Iung, Victoria Delgado, Patrice Lazure, Suzanne Murray, Per Anton Sirnes, Raphael Rosenhek, Susanna Price, Marco Metra, Céline Carrera, Michele De Bonis, Michael Haude, Gerhard Hindricks, Jeroen Bax, Alec Vahanian
Aims: To assess the knowledge and application of European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines in the management of mitral regurgitation (MR). Methods and results: A mixed-methods educational needs assessment was performed. Following a qualitative phase (interviews), an online survey was undertaken using three case scenarios (asymptomatic severe primary MR, symptomatic severe primary MR in the elderly, and severe secondary MR) in 115 primary care physicians (PCPs), and 439 cardiologists or cardiac surgeons from seven European countries...
January 2, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296062/determinants-of-successful-medical-education-of-caregivers-of-children-with-congenital-heart-diseases
#3
Ahmad S Azhar, Zaher F Zaher, Noran M Abu-Ouf, Jameel Al-Ata, Sara Taisir A Alsheblie
Objective: To assess the implementation and efficiency of medical education among the caregivers of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) and to investigate its success factors. Material and method: A cross-sectional study was conducted from February 2014 to March 2014 in a tertiary healthcare center. Study included 120 caregivers of children with CHD visiting the Paediatric Cardiology Clinic that included 93% mothers, aged 31.72 ± 6.67 years, 38.3% Saudi citizens and 45...
January 2018: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284918/telemedicine-in-cardiology-perspectives-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#4
REVIEW
Nabil Naser, Salih Tandir, Edin Begic
Introduction: Aim of article was to present perspectives of telemedicine in the field of cardiology in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Material and methods: Article has descriptive character and present review of literature. Results: Information technology can have the application in the education of students, starting from basic medical sciences up to clinical subjects. Information technologies are used for ECG analysis, 24h ECG Holter monitoring, which detects different rhythm disorders...
December 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273701/impact-of-nuclear-laboratory-personnel-credentials-continuing-education-on-nuclear-cardiology-laboratory-quality-operations
#5
Saurabh Malhotra, Diana M Sobieraj, April Mann, Matthew W Parker
Background/Objectives: The specific credentials and continuing education (CME/CE) of nuclear cardiology laboratory medical and technical staff are important factors in the delivery of quality imaging services that have not been systematically evaluated. Methods: Nuclear cardiology accreditation application data from the Intersocietal Accreditation Commission (IAC) was used to characterize facilities performing myocardial perfusion imaging by setting, size, previous accreditation and credentials of the medical and technical staff...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238170/adherence-to-treatment-and-evaluation-of-disease-and-therapy-knowledge-in-lebanese-hypertensive-patients
#6
Hanine Abbas, Mazen Kurdi, Myriam Watfa, Rita Karam
Background: Adherence to treatment, healthy lifestyle, physical activities, smoking, diet, and salt intake are important factors to control for an effective decrease in blood pressure (BP) values for patients diagnosed with essential hypertension (HT). The aim of this work was to study the adherence to antihypertensive treatment and factors predicting this behavior in Lebanese patients. In addition, we evaluated the extent of patient's knowledge and perceptions about HT, risk factors, and medication side effects...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226232/connecting-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education-through-an-elective-epa-based-transitional-year-in-acute-care-an-early-project-report
#7
Gersten Jonker, Reinier G Hoff, Stefan Max, Cor J Kalkman, Olle Ten Cate
Objective: A well-designed final year may ease the transition from medical school to postgraduate training, if it has enough depth to enable the acquisition of early specialty expertise, while keeping enough breadth to support the graduation as all-round physician. Aim of this article is to describe the design of a multidisciplinary dedicated transitional year (DTY) around the theme of recognition and initial treatment of vitally threatened patients. Methods: Undergraduate and postgraduate training directors from the departments of Anaesthesiology, Cardiology, Emergency Medicine, Intensive Care Medicine and Respiratory Medicine at UMC Utrecht and partnering hospitals have collaboratively developed and implemented a curriculum for a final year focusing on three entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in the domain of acute care...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181874/using-a-statewide-survey-methodology-to-prioritize-pediatric-cardiology-core-content
#8
Ashley E Neal, Elizabeth Lehto, Karen Hughes Miller, Craig Ziegler, Erin Davis
OBJECTIVE: Although pediatrician-reported relevance of Canadian cardiology-specific objectives has been studied, similar data are not available for the 2016 American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) cardiology-specific objectives. This study asked Kentucky trainees, pediatricians, and pediatric cardiologists to identify "most important" content within these objectives. DESIGN, METHODS, OUTCOME MEASURES: This cross-sectional study used an original, online survey instrument based on the 2016 ABP cardiology-specific objectives...
November 27, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157229/computer-model-for-the-cardiovascular-system-development-of-an-e-learning-tool-for-teaching-of-medical-students
#9
David Roy Warriner, Martin Bayley, Yubing Shi, Patricia Victoria Lawford, Andrew Narracott, John Fenner
BACKGROUND: This study combined themes in cardiovascular modelling, clinical cardiology and e-learning to create an on-line environment that would assist undergraduate medical students in understanding key physiological and pathophysiological processes in the cardiovascular system. METHODS: An interactive on-line environment was developed incorporating a lumped-parameter mathematical model of the human cardiovascular system. The model outputs were used to characterise the progression of key disease processes and allowed students to classify disease severity with the aim of improving their understanding of abnormal physiology in a clinical context...
November 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123346/estimation-of-need-for-palliative-care-among-noncancer-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#10
Parvathy Prasad, Sonali Sarkar, Biswajit Dubashi, S Adinarayanan
Context: Palliative care services, until recently, were mainly restricted to cancer patients with incurable diseases. Hence, evaluative studies of palliative care are sparse in areas other than oncology. Aims: To estimate what proportion of patients attending the Departments of Neurology, Cardiology, and Nephrology of Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, required palliative care and to identify the palliative care needs of those patients...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106452/acute-aortic-syndromes-diagnosis-and-management-an-update
#11
Eduardo Bossone, Troy M LaBounty, Kim A Eagle
Acute aortic syndromes (AAS) encompass a constellation of life-threatening medical conditions including classic acute aortic dissection (AAD), intramural haematoma, and penetrating atherosclerotic aortic ulcer. Given the non-specific symptoms and physical signs, a high clinical index of suspicion is necessary to detect the disease before irreversible lethal complications occur. In order to reduce the diagnostic time delay, a comprehensive flowchart for decision-making based on pre-test sensitivity of AAS has been designed by the European Society of Cardiology guidelines on aortic diseases and should be thus applied in the emergency scenario...
June 30, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105550/adherence-to-guidelines-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-in-primary-health-care
#12
Maaike Giezeman, Mats Arne, Kersti Theander
OBJECTIVE: To describe adherence to international guidelines for chronic heart failure (CHF) management concerning diagnostics, pharmacological treatment and self-care behaviour in primary health care. DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive study of patients with CHF, using data obtained from medical records and a postal questionnaire. SETTING: Three primary health care centres in Sweden. SUBJECTS: Patients with a CHF diagnosis registered in their medical record...
November 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102451/autonomic-dysfunction-in-cardiology-pathophysiology-investigation-and-management
#13
REVIEW
Amy C Arnold, Jessica Ng, Lucy Lei, Satish R Raj
Presyncope and syncope are common medical findings, with a > 40% estimated lifetime prevalence. These conditions are often elicited by postural stress and can be recurrent and accompanied by debilitating symptoms of cerebral hypoperfusion. Therefore, it is critical for physicians to become familiar with the diagnosis and treatment of common underlying causes of presyncope and syncope. In some patients, altered postural hemodynamic responses result from a failure of compensatory autonomic nervous system reflex mechanisms...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060434/a-comparative-study-of-electronic-stethoscopes-for-cardiac-auscultation
#14
C Pinto, D Pereira, J Ferreira-Coimbra, J Portugues, V Gama, M Coimbra
There are several electronic stethoscopes available on the market today, with a very high potential for healthcare namely telemedicine, assisted decision and education. However, there are no recent comparatives studies published about the recording quality of auscultation sounds. In this study we aim to: a) define a ranking, according to experts opinion of 6 of the most relevant electronic stethoscopes on the market today; b) verify if there are any relations between a stethoscope's performance and the type of pathology present; c) analyze if some pathologies are more easily identified than others when using electronic auscultation...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049005/beliefs-attitudes-and-activities-of-healthcare-personnel-about-influenza-and-pneumococcal-vaccines
#15
Fatma Çiftci, Elif Şen, Nalan Demir, Orçun Çiftci, Serhat Erol, Oya Kayacan
OBJECTIVES: Vaccination of healthcare personnel (HCP) is an effective measure for preventing the spread of influenza among at-risk patients. This study was conducted to determine influenza vaccination rates and activities among HCP working at a tertiary healthcare setting. METHODS: This study included 470 HCP (85 physicians, 134 nurses, 53 healthcare assistants, 44 paramedics, 47 medical secretaries, and 107 auxillary staff members) working at the emergency, cardiology, chest diseases, and internal medicine departments with the largest volume of patients with vaccination indication of two large university hospitals with similar medical practices and work environment...
October 19, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023346/influenza-vaccination-rate-and-reasons-for-nonvaccination-in-children-with-cardiac-disease
#16
Gilat Livni, Alina Wainstein, Einat Birk, Gabriel Chodick, Itzhak Levy
BACKGROUND: Influenza is a major cause of respiratory morbidity worldwide. It poses a risk of complications in children with cardiac disease. Influenza vaccine is considered the most effective and safe means of preventing the disease. The aims of this study were to determine the rate of influenza vaccination in children with cardiac disease and to identify the reasons for failure to vaccinate in this patient population. METHODS: The study group included 186 children and their parents who attended the cardiology institute of a tertiary pediatric medical center between September and October 2012...
November 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975608/inappropriate-prescribing-in-older-hospitalized-adults-a-comparison-of-medical-specialties
#17
Ana Carmen Dos Santos Ribeiro Simoes Juliano, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Jéssica Teixeira Santos da Silva, Letícia Gomes Santos, Jéssica Borges Taranto Nunes, Guilherme Cortes Fernandes, Giancarlo Lucchetti
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence and number of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in hospitalized older adults, comparing prescription patterns of medical specialties. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary general hospital. PARTICIPANTS: All older adults hospitalized from January through May 2015 (N = 1,900). MEASUREMENTS: Information on medications prescribed during the first and last days of hospitalization was collected and evaluated regarding PIMs using Beers and Screening Tool of Older People's Prescriptions (STOPP) criteria...
October 4, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971649/-rambam-where-medicine-technology-and-humanity-intertwine
#18
Rafael Beyar
In this issue, we present a series of articles written by Rambam's physicians, which reflect the scope of research that takes place in the hospital. This incorporates physicians, nurses and related professions, and progress in health care attained through research and technology-based medicine. A central part of our values is a combination of medicine, technology and humanity. Thanks to our unique location in close proximity to the Technion's Baruch and Ruth Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, our commitment to the combination of research and medicine has a unique impact...
September 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930764/when-listening-is-better-than-reading-performance-gains-on-cardiac-auscultation-test-questions
#19
Kathleen Short, S Deniz Bucak, Francine Rosenthal, Mark R Raymond
PURPOSE: In 2007, the United States Medical Licensing Examination embedded multimedia simulations of heart sounds into multiple-choice questions. This study investigated changes in item difficulty as determined by examinee performance over time. The data reflect outcomes obtained following initial use of multimedia items from 2007 through 2012, after which an interface change occurred. METHOD: A total of 233,157 examinees responded to 1,306 cardiology test items over the six-year period; 138 items included multimedia simulations of heart sounds, while 1,168 text-based items without multimedia served as controls...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912201/race-and-socioeconomic-differences-associated-with-changes-in-statin-eligibility-under-the-2013-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-cholesterol-guidelines
#20
Amol A Verma, Marcia P Jimenez, S V Subramanian, Allan D Sniderman, Fahad Razak
BACKGROUND: The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines expanded eligibility criteria for statins. We examined race and socioeconomic differences associated with these changes. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was an observational study of adults between 40 and 75 years of age using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys between 2005 and 2012. Change in eligibility for statins was assessed based on the third adult treatment panel criteria and the 2013 ACC/AHA guidelines...
September 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
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