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Axial biometry

Manuel Garza-Leon, Hugo A Fuentes-de la Fuente, Ana V García-Treviño
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess the reproducibility of ocular biometry using the IOLMaster-700 in a healthy population. METHODS: This is a prospective, cross-sectional, observational reproducibility study. Ocular biometry was performed three times on each of 45 studied eyes. Flattest meridian (Kf) and the steepest meridian (Ks), central corneal thickness, axial length, anterior chamber depth, aqueous depth, lens thickness, and white-to-white distances were recorded...
October 21, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Xiaohong Liu, Hehua Ye, Qi Zhang, Xuan Cai, Wenjing Yu, Siyi Yu, Tianyu Wang, Wuyi Lu, Xiang Li, Peiquan Zhao
BACKGROUND: Myopia subjects usually have long axial lengths and are predisposed to deep anterior chamber depths and open angles. Jiangning eye study is a randomized, population based study in Shanghai to determine whether myopia has an effect on the prevalence of occludable angles. METHODS: A total of 2478 residents aged 50 years and over were randomly selected, and 2044 (82.5%) individuals of them participated in ophthalmic examinations between November 2012 and February 2013...
2016: PloS One
Nir Sorkin, Amir Rosenblatt, Irina S Barequet
PURPOSE: To compare measurements of axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), keratometry (K), and the refractive predictability of the Aladdin and IOLMaster biometry devices in cataract surgery patients. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of eyes undergoing cataract surgery. Data were retrieved on AL, ACD, and K measurements obtained by the Aladdin and the IOLMaster. Furthermore, the postoperative refractive prediction errors were compared between the devices...
October 12, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Xiao-Hua Wu, Kang-Wei Qian, Guo-Zhong Xu, Yun-Yun Li, Yuan-Yuan Ma, Furong Huang, Yan-Qing Wang, Xiangtian Zhou, Jia Qu, Xiong-Li Yang, Yong-Mei Zhong, Shi-Jun Weng
Purpose: Although retinal dopamine (DA) has been long implicated in myopia development, current studies demonstrate that retinal DA levels are unaltered in C57BL/6 mice with form-deprivation myopia. This work was undertaken to explore whether and how refractive development is perturbed in this mouse strain when retinal DA levels are reduced by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) administration. Methods: On two successive days, 6-OHDA was injected into the vitreous of P18 mice...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Seok Hyun Bae, Shin Hee Kang, Chi Shian Feng, Joohyun Park, Jae Hoon Jeong, Kayoung Yi
PURPOSE: To investigate optic nerve head size and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness according to refractive status and axial length. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 252 eyes of 252 healthy volunteers underwent ocular biometry measurement as well as optic nerve head and RNFL imaging by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Correlation and linear regression analyses were performed for all subjects. The magnification effect was adjusted by the modified axial length method...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
Kenneth J Hoffer, Giacomo Savini
PURPOSE: To investigate agreement between the ocular biometry measurements provided by a newer optical biometer, the AL-Scan (Nidek Co, Ltd., Gamagori, Japan) and those provided by the IOLMaster 500 (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena Germany), which are both based on partial coherence interferometry. METHODS: Axial length, corneal power, and anterior chamber depth (corneal epithelium to lens) were measured in 86 eyes of 86 patients scheduled for cataract surgery using both biometers...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Owen J Arthurs, A Rega, F Guimiot, N Belarbi, J Rosenblatt, V Biran, M Elmaleh, G Sebag, M Alison
OBJECTIVES: Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) is a sensitive method to assess brain maturation or detect brain lesions, providing Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) values as a measure of water diffusion. Abnormal ADC values are seen in ischemic brain lesions, such as acute or chronic hypoxia. The aim of this study was to assess whether ADC values in the fetal brain were different in a group of fetuses exposed to severe vascular intrauterine growth restriction, compared to normal controls...
October 5, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Pelin Özyol, Erhan Özyol, Ercan Baldemir
PURPOSE: Since age-related changes in lens elasticity and ciliary muscle contractility can affect how ocular parameters respond to cycloplegia, intraocular lens (IOL) power measurements calculated by formulas using anterior chamber depth (ACD), lens thickness (LT) or white-to-white (WtW) for effective lens position prediction can vary. In response, using swept-source optical biometry in pre-presbyopic and presbyopic eyes, we investigated changes in ocular parameters and IOL power calculations due to cycloplegia...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Mohammad Pakravan, Azam Alvani, Hamed Esfandiari, Elham Ghahari, Mehdi Yaseri
Trabeculectomy is the most common surgical procedure for the management of glaucoma, which may significantly influence ocular biometry. Axial length and anterior chamber depth tend to decrease, while crystalline lens and choroidal thickness increase post-operatively. An increase in with-the-rule astigmatism is also observed after the procedure. Such biometric changes affect intraocular lens power calculation even years after the procedure. Non-contact biometric methods and postponing cataract surgery after trabeculectomy could reduce calculation errors associated with surgically induced alterations in ocular biometrics...
September 29, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
Sujata Subbiah, Philip A Thomas, C A Nelson Jesudasan
PURPOSE: To compare data on anatomical and biometric parameters, and their combination, obtained by using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) and A-scan in eyes with phacomorphic glaucoma (PG) and eyes with mature cataract and to determine differences that may predispose to development of PG. METHODS: Eighty patients (80 eyes) were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Anterior chamber parameters, namely anterior chamber depth (ACD), angle-opening distance (AOD), iris-lens contact distance (ILCD), and trabecular-ciliary process distance (TCPD), among other parameters, were assessed by UBM (35 MHz), while axial length (AL) and lenticular thickness (LT) were determined by A-scan biometry...
September 13, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Sarat Abolore Badmus, Ayotunde Idowu Ajaiyeoba, Bernice Oluwakemi Adegbehingbe, Oluwatoyin Helen Onakpoya, Adenike Odunmorayo Adeoye
PURPOSE: The study aimed at determining the associations between ocular biometry and anthropometric measurements in a Nigerian adult population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Participants were healthy members of staff and students of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife. The height and weight were measured, and the body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Ocular axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), keratometric readings (K) and corneal radius of curvature were measured with the IOL Master...
July 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
Azam Alvani, Mohammad Pakravan, Hamed Esfandiari, Sare Safi, Mehdi Yaseri, Parastou Pakravan
This review article aimed to evaluate ocular biometric changes after trabeculectomy. The PubMed database was searched using the keywords "axial length" (AL), "anterior chamber depth" (ACD), "corneal astigmatism," "corneal topography" and "trabeculectomy." The extracted studies were categorized based on the evaluated parameters and the biometry method (contact and non-contact). Comparable studies with respect to their sample size were combined for statistical analysis. Twenty-five studies including 690 individuals which met the inclusion criteria were selected...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
J Willem L Tideman, Qiao Fan, Jan Roelof Polling, Xiaobo Guo, Seyhan Yazar, Anthony Khawaja, René Höhn, Yi Lu, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Kenji Yamashiro, Munemitsu Yoshikawa, Aslihan Gerhold-Ay, Stefan Nickels, Tanja Zeller, Mingguang He, Thibaud Boutin, Goran Bencic, Veronique Vitart, David A Mackey, Paul J Foster, Stuart MacGregor, Cathy Williams, Seang Mei Saw, Jeremy A Guggenheim, Caroline C W Klaver
Previous studies have identified many genetic loci for refractive error and myopia. We aimed to investigate the effect of these loci on ocular biometry as a function of age in children, adolescents, and adults. The study population consisted of three age groups identified from the international CREAM consortium: 5,490 individuals aged <10 years; 5,000 aged 10-25 years; and 16,274 aged >25 years. All participants had undergone standard ophthalmic examination including measurements of axial length (AL) and corneal radius (CR)...
September 9, 2016: Genetic Epidemiology
Louise Terry, Nicola Cassels, Kelly Lu, Jennifer H Acton, Tom H Margrain, Rachel V North, James Fergusson, Nick White, Ashley Wood
Retinal and intra-retinal layer thicknesses are routinely generated from optical coherence tomography (OCT) images, but on-board software capabilities and image scaling assumptions are not consistent across devices. This study evaluates the device-independent Iowa Reference Algorithms (Iowa Institute for Biomedical Imaging) for automated intra-retinal layer segmentation and image scaling for three OCT systems. Healthy participants (n = 25) underwent macular volume scans using a Cirrus HD-OCT (Zeiss), 3D-OCT 1000 (Topcon), and a non-commercial long-wavelength (1040nm) OCT on two occasions...
2016: PloS One
Jia-Kang Wang, Shu-Wen Chang
The aim of this study was to compare the refractive errors after uneventful phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation in the cases of vitrectomized eyes and non-vitrectomized eyes. Vitrectomized eyes were divided into 2 groups: vitrectomy alone as Group 1, vitrectomy with gas tamponade as Group 2. Normal-controlled eyes were categorized as Group 3. Intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation and the measurements of axial length (AL) and keratometric value (K) were performed using the IOLMaster and the Haigis and SRK/T formula as subgroup A and B...
August 25, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Bharkbhum Khambhiphant, Suganlaya Sasiwilasagorn, Nattida Chatbunchachai, Krit Pongpirul
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of pupillary dilation on the Haigis formula-calculated intraocular lens (IOL) power and ocular biometry measurements by using IOLMaster(®). METHODS: A prospective study was performed for biometry measurements of 373 eyes of 192 healthy subjects using the IOLMaster at the outpatient department of King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital from February 2013 to July 2013. The axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), keratometry (K), and IOL power were measured before and after 1% tropicamide eye drop instillation...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Nasrin Moghadas Sharif, Nasser Shoeibi, Asieh Ehsaei, Edward A H Mallen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare retinal thickness and biometric parameters between highly myopic eyes with and without tilted optic discs. METHODS: A total of 60 eyes from 60 highly myopic individuals (defined as a mean spherical equivalent refraction of -6.00 D or greater and axial length ≥26 mm) underwent detailed ophthalmic examination. Twenty-one eyes (13 females and 8 males; mean age: 29 ± 7 years) with tilted optic discs were recruited and compared with 39 eyes (23 females and 16 males; mean age: 28 ± 6 years) of control subjects without tilted optic discs using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) and the Lenstar biometer...
August 22, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Jung-Hoon Kim, Moosang Kim, Seung-Jun Lee, Sang Beom Han, Young Tae Kong, Hee Kyung Yang, Joon Young Hyon
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the relationship between age, axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD) and corneal steepness (K) in patients with cataract. METHODS: In this retrospective study, medical records of 800 patients (800 eyes) who were diagnosed with cataract and received preoperative ophthalmologic examination were reviewed. Data including age, gender and ocular biometric data including AL, ACD and K were collected and analyzed using univariate and multivariate analyses...
2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Wen Jun Jiang, Hui Wu, Jian Feng Wu, Yuan Yuan Hu, Tai Liang Lu, Wei Sun, Da Dong Guo, Xing Rong Wang, Hong Sheng Bi, Jost B Jonas
BACKGROUND: To assess the corneal diameter and its associations in children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional school-based study. PARTICIPANTS: The Shandong Children Eye Study included 6026 children aged 4-18 years. METHODS: Horizontal corneal diameter was measured by laser interferometry based ocular biometry. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Horizontal corneal diameter. RESULTS: Corneal diameter measurements were available for 5970 (99...
August 16, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
Rubina Rahman, Simon Kolb, Chun Xiao Bong, John Stephenson
PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of user-adjusted axial length (AL) measured by optical biometry for intraocular lens (IOL) calculations in eyes having combined phacovitrectomy for macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). SETTING: Ophthalmology Department, Calderdale Royal Hospital, Halifax, United Kingdom. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Consecutive eyes having phacovitrectomy for macula-off RRD were evaluated...
July 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
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