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Axial biometry

Olga Reitblat, Adi Levy, Guy Kleinmann, Ehud I Assia
PURPOSE: To compare ocular measurements of three optical biometry devices and their application in intraocular lens (IOL) power calculations. METHODS: One hundred and forty eyes which had undergone cataract extraction surgery with preoperative biometry with OA--2000, IOLMaster-500, and Lenstar-LS900 were enrolled. Biometry measurements of the three devices were compared. The deviation of the postoperative refraction from the preoperative refractive target was calculated with different formulas (Barrett Universal II, Hoffer Q, Holladay I, and SRK/T)...
March 12, 2018: Eye
Thomas A Berk, Matthew B Schlenker, Xavier Campos-Möller, Austin M Pereira, Iqbal Ike K Ahmed
PURPOSE: Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) has emerged as an alternative to manual cataract surgery (MCS) for corneal incision and capsulorhexis creation, as well as nuclear fragmentation. This study compares postoperative refractive and visual outcomes in eyes receiving MCS or FLACS. DESIGN: Single-center, comparative, retrospective cohort analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive eyes receiving FLACS and MCS from July 1, 2012, to July 31, 2015, at a single tertiary care center...
March 6, 2018: Ophthalmology
Nino Hirnschall, Ralph Varsits, Birgit Doeller, Oliver Findl
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to find cases in which the axial eye length could not be measured with partial coherence interferometry (PCI) technology and to assess if it could be measured using swept source optical coherence tomography (ss-OCT) technology. METHODS: All patients were measured at their pre-assessment visit 1 week prior to cataract surgery using conventional optical biometry (PCI technology, IOLMaster 500, Carl Zeiss Meditec AG, Jena, Germany)...
March 1, 2018: Ophthalmology and Therapy
Evelyn Li Min Tai, Jiunn Loong Ling, Eng Hui Gan, Hussein Adil, Wan-Hitam Wan-Hazabbah
AIM: To compare the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness measured via optical coherence tomography (OCT) between different groups of myopia severity and controls. METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional study. All subjects underwent a full ophthalmic examination, refraction, visual field analysis and A-scan biometry. Myopic patients were classified as low myopia (LM) [spherical equivalent (SE) from greater than -0.5 D, up to -3.0 D], moderate myopia (MM; SE greater than -3...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Vinay Kansal, Matthew Schlenker, Iqbal Ike K Ahmed
PURPOSE: To determine whether differences between eyes in axial length (AL) and corneal power (K) on optical biometry are predictive of refractive outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 729 patients (1458 eyes) who underwent bilateral phacoemulsification at TLC (Mississauga, Ontario, Canada) from September 2013 to August 2015. METHODS: We compared the proportion of patients having >0...
February 16, 2018: Ophthalmology
Weijun Jian, Yang Shen, Yingjun Chen, Mi Tian, Xingtao Zhou
BACKGROUND: Adolescent KC is a special segment of the general KC population because an adolescents's eyes are still susceptible to blurred vision and optical defocus during the sensitive period of ocular and visual development. In the present study, we evaluated the ocular dimensions of 53 KC adolescents. METHODS: One hundred and six KC eyes of 53 (42 boys and 11 girls) KC adolescents (age 15.5 ± 1.7 years, range 11 to 18) were involved in this retrospective study...
February 13, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
K D Clark
INTRODUCTION: The published literature on toric intraocular lenses (IOL) reports postoperative refractive cylinder less than or equal to 0.5 D in anywhere from 25% to 100% of implantations with both the Acrysof ® Toric and Tecnis ® Toric IOL, depending upon the article. However, the majority of articles tend to cite rates between 70% and 80%. PURPOSE: The purpose was to evaluate my personal outcomes for both models of toric IOL, in terms of one-month postoperative refractive cylinder, after implementation of new methods of IOL selection, calculation and implantation...
January 29, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Jorge A Calvo-Sanz, Alejandro Portero-Benito, Alfonso Arias-Puente
PURPOSE: To compare and evaluate the agreement between the measurements obtained with a swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based biometer, the IOLMaster® 700 (IOLM), and those obtained by an optical biometer based on optical low-coherence interferometry (OLCI), the Aladdin (ALD); To evaluate the ability to perform biometric measurements in those eyes with transparency alterations. METHODS: Fifty-five eyes of 55 subjects were included in this study...
February 1, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Mike Yang, Doerte Luensmann, Desmond Fonn, Jill Woods, Debbie Jones, Keith Gordon, Lyndon Jones
PURPOSE: A pilot study to determine the prevalence of myopia, proportion of uncorrected myopia and pertinent environmental factors among children in a suburban region in Canada. METHODS: Refraction with cycloplegia and ocular biometry were measured in children of two age groups. Myopia was considered at a spherical equivalent refraction (SER) ≤-0.50 D in at least one eye. Parents completed a questionnaire that captured the child's daily activities. RESULTS: A total of 166 children completed the study (83 aged 6-8 and 83 aged 11-13)...
February 2, 2018: Eye
Evelyn Li Min Tai, Yee Cheng Kueh, Wan-Hazabbah Wan Hitam, Tien Yin Wong, Ismail Shatriah
PURPOSE: Childhood obesity is associated with adult cardiometabolic disease. We postulate that the underlying microvascular dysfunction begins in childhood. We thus aimed to compare retinal vascular parameters between obese and non-obese children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 166 children aged 6 to 12 years old in Malaysia. Ocular examination, biometry, retinal photography, blood pressure and body mass index measurement were performed. Participants were divided into two groups; obese and non-obese...
2018: PloS One
Yilei Shao, Qiuruo Jiang, Di Hu, Lingmin Zhang, Meixiao Shen, Shenghai Huang, Lin Leng, Yimin Yuan, Qi Chen, Dexi Zhu, Jianhua Wang, Fan Lu
We used an ultra-long scan depth optical coherence tomography (UL-OCT) system to investigate changes in axial biometry of pseudophakic eyes during pilocarpine- induced accommodation. The right eyes from 25 healthy subjects (age range 49 to 84 years) with an intraocular lens (IOL) were imaged twice in the non-accommodative and the accommodative states. A custom-built UL-OCT instrument imaged the whole eye. Then accommodation was induced by two drops of 0.5% pilocarpine hydrochloride separated by a 5-minute interval...
January 31, 2018: Scientific Reports
Abdul Hameed Siddiqui, Maria Khan, Marium Hussain
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of biometry in the post-op phase of cataract surgery. METHODS: This study was conducted at Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi, from June 2015 to July 2016, and comprised the audit of patients who underwent cataract surgery during the period. Keratometry was done on Haag-Strait manual keratometer and A-scan was done by applanation contact method on SonoMed machine. Theoretic-T formula was used to calculate desired intraocular lens power for all kinds of axial lengths...
January 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
André Tavares-Somma, Nathália Seabra, Bret A Moore, Mario Sato, Rogério R Lange, Fabiano Montiani-Ferreira
The purpose of this study was to carry out a descriptive investigation of the Azara's agouti ( Dasyprocta azarae) eye and to establish reference values of select ophthalmic diagnostic tests and physiologic parameters. A total of 19 healthy agoutis were used. Select ophthalmic diagnostic tests were performed, including Schirmer tear test type I (STTI), analysis of the conjunctival bacterial microflora, corneal esthesiometry, and tonometry. B-mode ultrasonic biometry, fundus photography, optical coherence tomography, and gross and histologic analysis of two eyes were also performed...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Jos J Rozema, Zvi Herscovici, Moshe Snir, Ruth Axer-Siegel
PURPOSE: To model and analyse the ocular biometry of new-born infants. METHODS: This work is based on previously published data of a cohort of 66 new-born infants aged 0-3 days. After exclusion of seven myopic subjects, the available retinoscopy, keratometry and ultrasound biometry data were analysed, along with calculated parameters such as lens power and whole eye power. RESULTS: Male infants have significantly flatter corneas that female infants (Mann-Whitney U test, p < 0...
December 29, 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
Mehmethan Dogan, Ufuk Elgin, Emine Sen, Kemal Tekin, Pelin Yilmazbas
PURPOSE: To compare the anterior segment parameters of myopic, hyperopic, and emmetropic children by using optical biometry. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study included 150 eyes of 150 children between 6 and 16 years old. The eyes were divided into three groups according to their spherical equivalent (SE) refractive error values as myopic [between - 1.0 and - 6.0 diopter (D)], emmetropic (between + 0.50 and - 0.50 D), and hyperopic (between + 1...
December 29, 2017: International Ophthalmology
Teresa Ferrer-Blasco, José J Esteve-Taboada, Daniel Monsálvez-Romín, Miguel A Aloy, José E Adsuara, Pablo Cerdá-Durán, Robert Montés-Micó
PURPOSE: To evaluate ocular biometric changes with different accommodative stimuli using a new swept-source optical biometer. METHODS: Only the right eye was analyzed. Each subject was measured six times with the IOLMaster 700 swept-source optical biometer (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany) with the subject looking at the stimulus shown by the instrument and with the subject looking at a target placed outside the instrument at 0D of vergence. Axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), central corneal thickness (CCT), lens thickness (LT), white-to-white (WTW), and keratometry readings (K1 and K2) were evaluated in both cases...
December 19, 2017: International Ophthalmology
Yanin Suwan, Sunpong Jiamsawad, Apichat Tantraworasin, Lawrence Geyman, Wasu Supakontanasan, Chaiwat Teekhasaenee
BACKGROUND: To evaluate ocular biometric parameters in different subtypes of acute angle closure and compared to fellow eyes of AAC and PACS eyes. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review study. A total of 167 eyes (96 patients) consisting of 71 AAC eyes, 71 fellow eyes of AAC, and 25 PACS eyes were recruited. All patients underwent ocular examination and biometry. The mechanism of AAC was confirmed by ultrasound biomicroscopy. We then subdivided AAC eyes into four subgroups: crowded-angle (CR), lens subluxation (LS) pupillary block (PB), and plateau iris syndrome (PL)...
December 11, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
Yi Zha, Guangdong Zhu, Jinfei Zhuang, Haihua Zheng, Jianqiu Cai, Wangqiang Feng
Purpose: To investigate the ocular parameters of premature infants without ROP at gestational age (GA) more than 28 weeks and their relationship with growth parameters. Methods: 76 preterm infants without ROP and 65 term infants were involved to undergo portable slit lamp, RetCam3, ultrasonic A-scan biometry, and cycloplegic streak examination at their 40 weeks' postconceptional ages (PCA). Ocular parameters of infants' right eye and growth parameters were used for analysis...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
Tarannum Mansoori, Nagalla Balakrishna
Aim: To evaluate the configuration of the anterior chamber angle quantitatively and study the morphological changes in the eye with ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) in primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) patients after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI). Materials and methods: A total of 185 eyes of 185 PACG patients post-LPI and 126 eyes of 126 normal subjects were included in this prospective study. All subjects underwent complete ophthalmic evaluation, A-scan biometry, and UBM...
September 2017: Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice
Sudarshan Khokhar, Cijin P Jose, Ramanjit Sihota, Neha Midha
PURPOSE: To study the clinical profile and presentation of children with unilateral cataract. METHODS: In this hospital-based, observational, cross-sectional study, patients 15 years of age or younger who presented with unilateral cataract were recruited. Cases of cataract secondary to causes such as trauma or uveitis were excluded. Age at detection and presentation, distance from the treatment center, presenting complaints, cataract morphology, and biometry were noted for each case...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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