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Bacillus amyloliquefaciens

Eun Jin Lee, Jiye Hyun, Yong-Ho Choi, Byung-Serk Hurh, Sang-Ho Choi, Inhyung Lee
Doenjang (Korean fermented soybean paste) with an improved flavor and safety was prepared by the simultaneous fermentation of autochthonous mixed starters at the pilot plan scale. First, whole soybean meju was fermented by coculturing safety-verified starters Aspergillus oryzae MJS14 and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens zip6 or Bacillus subtilis D119C. These fermented whole soybean meju were aged in a brine solution after the additional inoculation of Tetragenococcus halophilus 7BDE22 and Zygosaccharomyces rouxii SMY045 to yield doenjang...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Liming Wu, Ziyang Huang, Xi Li, Liumin Ma, Qin Gu, Huijun Wu, Jia Liu, Rainer Borriss, Zhen Wu, Xuewen Gao
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42 is a plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium that induces resistance to a broad spectrum of pathogens. This study analyzed the mechanism by which FZB42 restricts leaf disease caused by Phytophthora nicotianae in Nicotiana benthamiana . The oomycete foliar pathogen P. nicotianae is able to reopen stomata which had been closed by the plant innate immune response to initiate penetration and infection. Here, we showed that root colonization by B. amyloliquefaciens FZB42 restricted pathogen-mediated stomatal reopening in N...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
XingYa Zhao, JianYong Xu, Ming Tan, ZhenXiao Yu, ShiBin Yang, HongChen Zheng, Hui Song
Bacillus sp. strains as attractive hosts for the production of heterologous secretory proteins usually play important roles in bio-industry. However, low transformation efficiency of exogenous plasmids limited the application of Bacillus species. Here, a novel plasmid interspecific transfer system, with high transformation efficiency, high positive rate, and convenient manipulation, has been successfully constructed. A high electrotransformation efficiency strain Bacillus subtilis F-168 containing the counter-selectable marker mazF was used as the plasmid donor strain in this transfer method...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Renpeng Du, Qiaozhi Song, Qiaoge Zhang, Fangkun Zhao, Rak-Chon Kim, Zhijiang Zhou, Ye Han
In the present study, a novel α-amylase produced by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens BH072 was purified and characterized. The molecular weight of purified α-amylase was approximately 68 kDa, determined by Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and ten amino acid of N-terminal was NSGLNGYLTH. The kinetic parameters Km and Vmax were 4.27 ± 0.21 mg/mL and 987.34 ± 23.34 U/mg, respectively. Purified α-amylase showed maximal activity at pH 7 and 60 °C. Enzyme remained stable in pH range 6...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Haichao Feng, Nan Zhang, Wenbin Du, Huihui Zhang, Yunpeng Liu, Ruixin Fu, Jiahui Shao, Guishan Zhang, Qi-Rong Shen, Ruifu Zhang
Chemotaxis-mediated response to root exudates, initiated by sensing-specific ligands through methyl-accepting chemotaxis proteins (MCPs), is very important for root colonization and beneficial functions of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPRs). Systematic identification of chemoattractants in complex root exudates and their sensing chemoreceptors in PGPRs is helpful for enhancing their recruitment and colonization. In this study, 39 chemoattractants and 5 chemorepellents, including amino acids, organic acids and sugars, were identified from 98 tested components of root exudates for the well-studied PGPR strain Bacillus amyloliquefaciens SQR9...
May 1, 2018: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
Daniela C Sabaté, Carolina Pérez Brandan, Gabriela Petroselli, Rosa Erra-Balsells, M Carina Audisio
Bacillus sp. B19, Bacillus sp. P12 and B. amyloliquefaciens B14 were isolated from soils of Salta province, and PGPR properties on the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cv. Alubia and antagonistic activity against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum were studied. It was determined that B19 and P12 increased crop germination potential (GP) from the common bean by 14.5% compared to control seeds; these strains also increased root length (10.4 and 15%, respectively) and stem length (20.2 and 30%, respectively) compared to the control; however, as for the B14 strain, no increases in growth parameters were detected...
June 2018: Microbiological Research
Suman Yadav, Suresh Kumar Dubey
The aim of this work was to study cellulose degradation and whole genome sequence of Paenibacillus lautus BHU3 isolate. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed genetic relatedness (99%) of Iso 7 with Paenibacillus lautus, Iso 8 with Paenibacillus lactis, and Iso 9 with Bacillus amyloliquefaciens. Clear zone formation followed by CMCase and FPase assays exhibited cellulolytic potential in the order: P. lautus > P. lactis > B. amyloliquefaciens. The most potent isolate, Paenibacillus lautus strain BHU3 was subjected to whole genome analysis with reference to the genomic basis of cellulose degradation...
April 19, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Tresha E Dobson, Anderson R Maxwell, Adesh Ramsubhag
Six cholic acid derivatives (1 - 6) were isolated from broth cultures of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens UWI-W23, an isolate from the Trinidad Pitch Lake. The compounds were extracted via solvent extraction and/or XAD resin adsorption and purified using silica gel column chromatography. Their structures were elucidated using 1D, 2D NMR and ESI-MS spectrometry and FT-IR spectrophotometry. One of the compounds, taurodeoxycholate (2) is for the first time being reported from a bacterial source while deoxycholate (4) is for the first time being reported from a Gram-positive bacterium...
April 24, 2018: Steroids
Chih Lin, Chia-Hsin Tsai, Pi-Yu Chen, Chia-Yen Wu, Ya-Lin Chang, Yu-Liang Yang, Ying-Lien Chen
Potato common scab, which is caused by soil-borne Streptomyces species, is a severe plant disease that results in a significant reduction in the economic value of potatoes worldwide. Due to the lack of efficacious pesticides, crop rotations, and resistant potato cultivars against the disease, we investigated whether biological control can serve as an alternative approach. In this study, multiple Bacillus species were isolated from healthy potato tubers, and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens Ba01 was chosen for further analyses based on its potency against the potato common scab pathogen Streptomyces scabies...
2018: PloS One
Waheda Rahman Ansary, Ferdous Rezwan Khan Prince, Effi Haque, Farzana Sultana, Helen M West, Mahbubur Rahman, Abdul Mojid Mondol, Abdul Mannan Akanda, Mahfuz Rahman, Michele L Clarke, Tofazzal Islam
Plant growth-promoting bacteria that are also capable of suppressing plant pathogenic fungi play an important role in sustainable agriculture. There is a critical need for conducting research to discover, characterize and evaluate the efficacy of new strains of such bacteria in controlling highly aggressive plant pathogens. In this study, we isolated endophytic bacteria from medicinal plants of Bangladesh and evaluated their antagonistic capacity against an important phytopathogenic fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum...
April 11, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Takio Inatomi, Konosuke Otomaru
This study aimed to investigate the effect of probiotics on the intestinal morphology, intestinal microflora, oxidative activity (biological antioxidant potential), and semen quality of male broiler breeders. For this, 180 Cobb male broiler breeders (60 weeks of age) were randomly distributed into two groups. The control group was fed a basal diet, and the probiotics group was fed basal diet supplemented with probiotics for 6 weeks. Probiotics containing Bacillus amyloliquefaciens TOA5001 improved the above mentioned characteristics of the male broiler breeders...
April 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jing Sun, Shiquan Qian, Jing Lu, Yanan Liu, Fengxia Lu, Xiaomei Bie, Zhaoxin Lu
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, a gram-positive and soil-dwelling bacterium, could produce secondary metabolites that suppress plant pathogens. In this study, we provided the whole genome sequence results of B. amyloliquefaciens fmbJ which had one circular chromosome of 4,193,344 bp with 4,249 genes, 87 transfer RNA genes, and 27 rRNA genes. In addition, fmbJ was found to contain several gene clusters of antimicrobial lipopeptides (bacillomycin D, surfactin, and fengycin) and bacillomycin D homologues were further comprehensively identified...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Narayanappa Amruta, M K Prasanna Kumar, M E Puneeth, Gowdiperu Sarika, Hemanth Kumar Kandikattu, K Vishwanath, Sonnappa Narayanaswamy
Rice blast caused by Magnaporthe oryzae is a major disease. In the present study, we aimed to identify and evaluate the novel bacterial isolates from rice rhizosphere for biocontrol of M. oryzae pathogen. Sixty bacterial strains from the rice plant's rhizosphere were tested for their biocontrol activity against M. oryzae under in vitro and in vivo . Among them, B. amyloliquefaciens had significant high activity against the pathogen. The least disease severity and highest germination were recorded in seeds treated with B...
April 2018: Plant Pathology Journal
Maria S Kharchenko, Petr N Teslya, Maria N Babaeva, Natalia P Zakataeva
Bacillus subtilis pheS was genetically modified to obtain a counter-selection marker with high selection efficiency in Bacillus amyloliquefaciens. The application of the new replication-thermosensitive integrative vector pNZTM1, containing this marker, pheSBsT255S/A309G , with a two-step replacement recombination procedure provides an effective tool for the genetic engineering of industrially important Bacillus species.
March 26, 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
Yue Li, Hao Zhang, Weipeng Su, Zhixiong Ying, Yueping Chen, Lili Zhang, Zhaoxin Lu, Tian Wang
Background: The focus of recent research has been directed toward the probiotic potential of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (BA) on the gut health of animals. However, little is known about BA's effects on piglets with intra-uterine growth retardation (IUGR). Therefore, this study investigated the effects of BA supplementation on the growth performance, intestinal morphology, inflammatory response, and microbiota of IUGR piglets. Methods: Eighteen litters of newborn piglets were selected at birth, with one normal birth weight (NBW) and two IUGR piglets in each litter (i...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
M Rath, T R Mitchell, S E Gold
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced by Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria have recently been investigated due to their role in plant growth promotion and defense. Whereas some bacterial VOCs like 3-hydroxy-2-butanone (acetoin) and 2,3-butanediol produced by strains of Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens promote plant growth, others like hydrogen cyanide and 3-phenylpropionic acid are phytotoxic, inhibiting plant growth. Bacillus mojavensis, a close relative of B. subtilis, is an endophytic bacterium of maize that has been shown to have antagonistic activity against the mycotoxigenic phytopathogen Fusarium verticillioides and growth promotion activity on maize seedlings...
March 2018: Microbiological Research
Ji-Eun Kang, Hyun-Do Kim, Soo-Young Park, Jae-Gu Pan, Jeong Hyun Kim, Do-Young Yum
Background and Aims: Commercial superoxide dismutase (SOD) is derived from melon extract and has a potential as a dietary supplement due to its beneficial anti-oxidative effects. We aimed to improve the productivity of SOD compared with plant SOD by using a generally-regarded-as-safe (GRAS) microorganism, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, and assess its anti-oxidative effect using γ-radiation- and dextransulfate sodium (DSS)-induced oxidative models in mice. Methods: We identified the sodA gene encoding manganese-containing SODs (Mn-SOD) in B...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Kiran R Gadhave, Paul F Devlin, Andreas Ebertz, Arabella Ross, Alan C Gange
The use of microbial inoculants containing plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria as a promoter of plant fitness and health is becoming increasingly popular in agriculture. However, whether and how these bacteria affect indigenous bacterial communities in field conditions is sparsely explored. We studied the effects of seed inoculation and field soil application of ubiquitous soil bacteria, B. cereus, B. subtilis, and B. amyloliquefaciens, on the diversity, evenness, and richness of endophytic bacterial communities in sprouting broccoli roots using high-throughput metagenome sequencing...
March 6, 2018: Microbial Ecology
Simon Caulier, Annika Gillis, Gil Colau, Florent Licciardi, Maxime Liépin, Nicolas Desoignies, Pauline Modrie, Anne Legrève, Jacques Mahillon, Claude Bragard
The world potato is facing major economic losses due to disease pressure and environmental concerns regarding pesticides use. This work aims at addressing these two issues by isolating indigenous bacteria that can be integrated into pest management strategies. More than 2,800 strains of Bacillus -like and Pseudomonas -like were isolated from several soils and substrates associated with potato agro-systems in Belgium. Screenings for antagonistic activities against the potato pathogens Alternaria solani, Fusarium solani (BCCM-MUCL 5492), Pectobacterium carotovorum (ATCC 15713), Phytophthora infestans (CRA-W10022) and Rhizoctonia solani (BCCM-MUCL 51929) were performed, allowing the selection of 52 Bacillus spp...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Shashi Kant Bhatia, Jeong-Jun Yoon, Hyun-Joong Kim, Ju Won Hong, Yoon Gi Hong, Hun-Seok Song, Yu-Mi Moon, Jong-Min Jeon, Yun-Gon Kim, Yung-Hun Yang
Ralstonia eutropha is a well-known microbe reported for polyhydroxyalkonate (PHA) production, and unable to utilize sucrose as carbon source. Two strains, Ralstonia eutropha H16 and Ralstonia eutropha 5119 were co-cultured with sucrose hydrolyzing microbes (Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens) for PHA production. Co-culture of B. subtilis:R. eutropha 5119 (BS:RE5) resulted in best PHA production (45% w/w dcw). Optimization of the PHA production process components through response surface resulted in sucrose: NH4 Cl:B...
June 2018: Bioresource Technology
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