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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445408/needs-and-preferences-of-women-users-of-oral-contraceptives-in-selected-countries-in-central-and-eastern-europe
#1
Tomas Fait, Dmitry Buryak, Monica-Mihaela Cirstoiu, Eva Luczai, Rafal Janczura
Background: The availability of various oral contraceptive (OC) pill formulations with different hormone compositions suggests that there is potential to align a particular product with an individual user's needs and preferences. To explore this concept further, a survey was conducted of current users of OCs to define and confirm areas of specific needs, and to gain insight into their views and preferences for OC formulations. Methods: During November and December 2015, women users (n=615) of OCs in five Central and Eastern European countries were surveyed in face-to-face interviews conducted by experienced interviewers...
2018: Drugs in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390018/facial-esthetics-and-the-assignment-of-personality-traits-before-and-after-orthognathic-surgery-rated-on-video-clips
#2
Klaus Sinko, Reinhold Jagsch, Claudio Drog, Wilhelm Mosgoeller, Arno Wutzl, Gabriele Millesi, Clemens Klug
Typically, before and after surgical correction faces are assessed on still images by surgeons, orthodontists, the patients, and family members. We hypothesized that judgment of faces in motion and by naïve raters may closer reflect the impact on patients' real life, and the treatment impact on e.g. career chances. Therefore we assessed faces from dysgnathic patients (Class II, III and Laterognathia) on video clips. Class I faces served as anchor and controls. Each patient's face was assessed twice before and after treatment in changing sequence, by 155 naïve raters with similar age to the patients...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380023/comparison-of-facial-proportions-between-beauty-pageant-contestants-and-ordinary-young-women-of-korean-ethnicity-a-three-dimensional-photogrammetric-analysis
#3
Sung-Chan Kim, Hyung Bae Kim, Woo Shik Jeong, Kyung S Koh, Chang Hun Huh, Hee Jin Kim, Woo Shun Lee, Jong Woo Choi
BACKGROUND: Although the harmony of facial proportions is traditionally perceived as an important element of facial attractiveness, there have been few objective studies that have investigated this esthetic balance using three-dimensional photogrammetric analysis. OBJECTIVES: To better understand why some women appear more beautiful, we investigated differences in facial proportions between beauty pageant contestants and ordinary young women of Korean ethnicity using three-dimensional (3D) photogrammetric analyses...
January 29, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349045/advantages-disadvantages-indications-contraindications-and-surgical-technique-of-laryngeal-airway-mask
#4
REVIEW
Anubhav Jannu, Ashim Shekar, Ramdas Balakrishna, H Sudarshan, G C Veena, S Bhuvaneshwari
The beauty of the laryngeal mask is that it forms an air tight seal enclosing the larynx rather than plugging the pharynx, and avoid airway obstruction in the oropharynx. The goal of its development was to create an intermediate form of airway management face mask and endotracheal tube. Indication for its use includes any procedure that would normally involve the use of a face mask. The laryngeal mask airway was designed as a new concept in airway management and has been gaining a firm position in anesthetic practice...
December 2017: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326894/comparison-study-for-body-image-education-of-domestic-and-overseas-female-college-students
#5
Tae-Young Kim
The 2016 health education index showed such tendency as well including their raised obesity index, and reported that they are much interested in body images appearing externally. Accordingly, in this study, we conducted the self-reported questionnaire aimed at a total of 389 subjects composed of domestic (n= 226) and overseas (n= 163) female college students from Asia, Europe, and Latin America so as to investigate their body images for face, figure and health through questionnaires. In this context, a survey was conducted with the method of this study, consequently indicating that overseas subjects are more greatly positive and active to body images (face, figure, and health) by health level, exercise preferences, extent of body activities and body weight than domestic ones...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291185/disparity-in-opinions-on-lip-protrusiveness-in-contemporary-african-american-faces
#6
Yvette Battle, Monica Schneider, Laurence Magder, Eung-Kwon Pae
Objective: In accordance with the changing demographics in the United States, orthodontists working on various ethnic populations should be more conscious when using the standardized profile analyses for the African American patient. The objective of this study was to examine whether the perception of lip protrusiveness in modern African American faces has changed. For this purpose, we investigated the most favorable African American lip profile using the opinions of 10 experienced and 10 newly trained younger orthodontists...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286636/topology-of-intermetallic-structures-from-statistics-to-rational-design
#7
Tatiana G Akhmetshina, Vladislav A Blatov, Davide M Proserpio, Alexander P Shevchenko
More than 38 000 substances made only of metal atoms are collected in modern structural databases; we may call them intermetallic compounds. They have important industrial applications, and yet they are terra incognita for most of our undergraduate students. Their structural complexity and synthesis are not easily adaptable to first years laboratories, keeping them away from the standard curricula. They have been described over the years following alternative and complementary views such as coordination polyhedra, atomic layers, and polyatomic clusters...
December 29, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274005/ethnic-rhinoplasty
#8
REVIEW
R Cobo
Rhinoplasty is one of the main facial plastic procedures performed worldwide. Ethnic patients today are mainly mixed-race patients. Diagnosis is based on anatomical findings and surgery should be planned based on patients' needs and what they define as beautiful. Different surgical techniques are presented where a structural approach to rhinoplasty is explained. Very little tissue is resected and support structures of the nose are strengthened with sutures and grafts. A gradual approach to the nasal tip is also presented progressing from simple predictable techniques to more complex unpredictable ones...
December 22, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273934/ethnic-rhinoplasty-in-female-patients-the-neoclassical-canons-revisited
#9
Ahmad Saad, Sierra Hewett, Megan Nolte, Flore Delaunay, Mariam Saad, Steven R Cohen
BACKGROUND: Despite the substantial amount of research devoted to objectively defining facial attractiveness, the canons have remained a paradigm of aesthetic facial analysis, yet their omnipresence in clinical assessments revealed their limitations outside of a subset of North American Caucasians, leading to criticism about their validity as a standard of facial beauty. In an effort to introduce more objective treatment planning into ethnic rhinoplasty, we compared neoclassical canons and other current standards pertaining to nasal proportions to anatomic proportions of attractive individuals from seven different ethnic backgrounds...
December 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273931/comparison-of-periorbital-anthropometry-between-beauty-pageant-contestants-and-ordinary-young-women-with-korean-ethnicity-a-three-dimensional-photogrammetric-analysis
#10
Young Chul Kim, Jin Geun Kwon, Sung Chan Kim, Chang Hun Huh, Hee Jin Kim, Tae Suk Oh, Kyung S Koh, Jong Woo Choi, Woo Shik Jeong
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences in the periorbital anthropometry between national Beauty Pageant Contestants and Ordinary Young Women with Korean ethnicity. METHODS: Forty-three Beauty Pageant Contestants who were elected for the national beauty contest and forty-eight Ordinary Young Women underwent 3D photography. The authors analyzed 3D photogrammetric measures regarding periorbital soft tissue. RESULTS: The palpebral fissure width was significantly higher in the Beauty Pageant Contestants than the Ordinary Young Women (27...
December 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192313/the-shape-of-novel-objects-contributes-to-shared-impressions
#11
Aaron Kurosu, Alexander Todorov
How do people share impressions of novel objects, and is this even possible? We tested whether the shape of novel 3-D objects can lead to similar impressions across people. To do this, we introduced a technique for manipulating highly complex shapes and measured four types of evaluative impressions (approachable, dangerous, beautiful, likable). Because relatively little is understood regarding how people form impressions of novel objects, we first sought to confirm the reliability of this behavior by examining how similar impressions are for an individual asked to re-evaluate the stimuli (i...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188547/humor-as-wisdom-for-reframing-life
#12
Sang Uk Lee
Human beings inevitably experience anxiety but attempt to avoid facing it through various forms of self-deception. This avoidance can lead to pathological symptoms. Young and middle-aged adults may be especially susceptible to suffering from anxiety because they are often single-mindedly pursuing means of achieving security. For these and others who fail to embrace life with warm enthusiasm, humor can serve to alleviate stress. This article views humor as a characteristic disposition of older adults-their humor signifying a sense of integrity and wisdom that often accompanies the aging process...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171154/layperson-s-perception-of-axial-midline-angulation-in-asymmetric-faces
#13
Bruno Pereira Silva, Emilio Jiménez-Castellanos, Kyle Stanley, Eduardo Mahn, Christian Coachman, Sivan Finkel
OBJECTIVE: Asymmetric facial features such as a deviated nose and chin are common and known to affect smile esthetics. When presented with these asymmetries, the clinician must consider the impact they will have on the smile design parameters-especially the placement and angulation of the dental midline, which is a common starting point for a case involving smile design. The purpose of this article is to determine if the nose and chin deviations affect the perception of dental midline angulation...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068970/more-than-meets-the-eye-the-effect-of-intercanthal-distance-on-perception-of-beauty-and-personality
#14
Sanjay Naran, Ari M Wes, Daniel M Mazzaferro, Scott P Bartlett, Jesse A Taylor
In judging normalcy, surgeons rely on established facial anthropometric measures and proportions. However, there exists a range of "normal," and a degree of disproportion may be considered more attractive. The authors set out to determine how changes in only intercanthal distance affect the layperson's perception of beauty and personality traits of a face. The authors used Amazon.com's Mechanical Turk (MTurk), a crowdsourcing tool, to determine how changes in intercanthal distance affect overall perception of beauty and personality...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028860/-man-some-a-review-of-male-facial-aging-and-beauty
#15
Terrence Colin Keaney
<p>Gender plays a significant role in determining facial anatomy and behavior, both of which are key factors in the aging process. Understanding the pattern of male facial aging is critical when planning aesthetic treatments on men. Men develop more severe rhytides in a unique pattern, show increased periocular aging changes, and are more prone to hair loss. What also needs to be considered when planning a treatment is what makes men beautiful or "man-some". Male beauty strikes a balance between masculine and feminine facial features...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946720/contemporary-koreans-perceptions-of-facial-beauty
#16
Seung Chul Rhee, Soo-Jung An, Rahil Hwang
BACKGROUND: This article aims to investigate current perceptions of beauty of the general public and physicians without a specialization in plastic surgery performing aesthetic procedures. METHODS: A cross-sectional and interviewing questionnaire was administered to 290 people in Seoul, South Korea in September 2015. The questionnaire addressed three issues: general attitudes about plastic surgery (Q1), perception of and preferences regarding Korean female celebrities' facial attractiveness (Q2), and the relative influence of each facial aesthetic subunit on overall facial attractiveness...
September 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887482/preliminary-evidence-of-olfactory-signals-of-women-s-fertility-increasing-social-avoidance-behavior-towards-women-in-pair-bonded-men
#17
Chen Oren, Simone G Shamay-Tsoory
Previous studies suggest that women's body odor is perceived as more attractive during ovulation and that exposure to women's chemical signals of high fertility leads to increased mating motivation. Given that pair-bonded men react differently than single men to unfamiliar women, we investigated whether women's chemical signals of fertility influence approach behavior among pair-bonded and single men. In the first experiment, men performed the Comfortable Interpersonal Distance task while exposed to body odor samples from women who were ovulating and from the same women during their luteal phase...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869495/what-can-synergetics-contribute-to-embodied-aesthetics
#18
Hermann Haken
I deal with perception and action (e.g., movements) using results from synergetics, a comprehensive mathematical theory of the self-organized formation (emergence) of spatial, temporal, or functional structures in complex systems. I illustrate basic concepts such as order parameters (OPs), enslavement, complexity reduction, circular causality first by examples of well-known collective, spontaneous modes of human behavior such as rhythmic clapping of hands, and so forth, and then by face recognition. The role played by OPs depends on context...
September 2, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840875/an-evaluation-of-the-influence-of-teeth-and-the-labial-soft-tissues-on-the-perceived-aesthetics-of-a-smile
#19
M Y S Chan, S B Mehta, S Banerji
Objective The aim of this study was to investigate how the lips and teeth may affect the perceived aesthetics of a given smile. Lips and teeth were collectively assessed in different fields of view to see how they may contribute to smile aesthetics. The perception of 'beauty' was assessed to determine whether differences existed between; dentists, non-dentists, males and females.Methods Five subjects were photographed to produce the following views: 1) retracted anterior teeth; 2) lips at rest; 3) zoomed smile; and 4) smile showing the lower face...
August 25, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834124/black-peel-in-facial-dermatoses
#20
Ebtisam Elghblawi
BACKGROUND: Melasma (facial dermatoses) is an acquired chronic disorder of hyperpigmentation over sun exposed parts and continues to be a therapeutic challenge due to the presence of melanin at varying depths in the epidermis and dermis, and many researchers are working hard to find a solution. The main culprit to remain is direct sun exposure, with other factors like drugs, genetic predisposition, thyroid abnormalities, pregnancy, phototoxic and photoallergic cosmetics. Melasma continues to have a remarkable impact on the well-being of affected patients causing deep psychological and social anguish, and with the expansion of cosmetic dermatology globally, treatments that are successful against skin diseases and boost beauty without prolonged recovery periods, or exposing patients to the risks of surgery, are increasingly recognised and acknowledged...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
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