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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073627/angular-photogrammetric-analysis-and-evaluation-of-facial-esthetics-of-young-ivorians-with-normal-dental-occlusion
#1
Jean-Bertin Beugre, Moussa Diomande, Assi Raoul Assi, Mariam Kadi Koueita, Frédéric Vaysse
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the angular photogrammetric characteristics of subjects according to the facial esthetics criteria applicable in Côte d'Ivoire. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a horizontal study, concerning of group of young people from Côte d'Ivoire whose attractiveness and photogrammetric characteristics were assessed. The data obtained were analyzed using SPSS 20.0 statistical software. The limit of statistical significance was P<0...
January 7, 2017: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056658/the-impact-of-symmetry-on-the-efficiency-of-human-face-perception
#2
Jennifer L Bittner, Jason M Gold
The presence of symmetric properties in a stimulus has been shown to often exert an influence on perception and information processing. Investigations into symmetry have given rise to the notion that it is processed easily and efficiently by the human visual system. However, only a handful of studies have attempted to actually measure symmetry's role in the efficiency of information use. We explored the impact of symmetry on the perception of human faces, a domain where it has been thought to play a particularly important role...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043734/conceptual-model-of-acid-attacks-based-on-survivor-s-experiences-lessons-from-a-qualitative-exploration
#3
Mohammad Sabzi Khoshnami, Elham Mohammadi, Hamideh Addelyan Rasi, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Maliheh Arshi
INTRODUCTION: Acid attack, a worldwide phenomenon, has been increasing in recent years. In addition to severe injuries to the face and body, such violence leads to psychological and social problems that affect the survivors' quality of life. The present study provides a more in-depth understanding of this phenomenon and explores the nature and dimensions of acid attacks based on survivors' experiences. METHOD: A grounded theory study using semi-structured, recorded interviews and applying purposeful theoretical sampling was conducted with 12 acid attack survivors in Iran...
December 30, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028418/buccal-corridors-a-fact-or-a-myth-in-the-eyes-of-laymen
#4
Omnia A Elhiny, Asmaa Y Harhash
AIM: This study aimed to investigate laymen knowledge of the existence of the buccal corridor and whether it was an important factor for them in judging smile attractiveness and the effect of introducing the knowledge to them on their further judgment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine subjects were randomly selected with variable buccal corridor percentages. They were coached to smile in a posed fashion and full face smile photographs were taken from a standardised distance...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943305/use-of-skin-lightening-products-among-selected-urban-communities-in-accra-ghana
#5
Margaret Lartey, Francis D Krampa, Mubarak Abdul-Rahman, Naa L Quarcoo, Phaedra Yamson, Paa G Hagan, Yao Tettey, Richard Gyasi, Andrew A Adjei
BACKGROUND: The practice of skin lightening has been reported from North America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. In literature, some prevalence rates exceed 50%, and both sexes are involved. Common agents used include hydroquinone, mercury, corticosteroids, and caustic agents. The agents are easily accessible and affordable with very little regulation. Cutaneous and systemic side effects occur but do not appear to be a deterrent, as the notion of light skin as a surrogate for beauty is strong...
January 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918002/hair-care-practices-in-african-american-women-potential-for-allergic-contact-dermatitis
#6
Alicia Stallings, Apra Sood
Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a delayed hypersensitivity reaction that occurs when the skin is re-exposed to a substance to which it was previously sensitized. One significant source of exposure to sensitizing chemicals is through personal grooming and beauty products. While the role of cosmetics and hair-care products in the development of ACD is well-documented, there has been very little literature that specifically addresses the role of hair-care practices of patients with tightly curled hair, such as in patients of African descent, in the development of ACD in this population...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763980/three-dimensional-anthropometric-database-of-attractive-caucasian-women-standards-and-comparisons
#7
Luigi Maria Galantucci, Roberto Deli, Alberto Laino, Eliana Di Gioia, Raoul D'Alessio, Fulvio Lavecchia, Gianluca Percoco, Carmela Savastano
The aim of this paper is to develop a database to determine a new biomorphometric standard of attractiveness. Sampling was carried out using noninvasive three-dimensional relief methods to measure the soft tissues of the face. These anthropometric measurements were analyzed to verify the existence of any canons with respect to shape, size, and measurement proportions which proved to be significant with regard to the aesthetics of the face. Finally, the anthropometric parameters obtained were compared with findings described in the international literature...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704391/the-conundrum-of-modern-art-prestige-driven-coevolutionary-aesthetics-trumps-evolutionary-aesthetics-among-art-experts
#8
Jan Verpooten, Siegfried Dewitte
Two major mechanisms of aesthetic evolution have been suggested. One focuses on naturally selected preferences (Evolutionary Aesthetics), while the other describes a process of evaluative coevolution whereby preferences coevolve with signals. Signaling theory suggests that expertise moderates these mechanisms. In this article we set out to verify this hypothesis in the domain of art and use it to elucidate Western modern art's deviation from naturally selected preferences. We argue that this deviation is consistent with a Coevolutionary Aesthetics mechanism driven by prestige-biased social learning among art experts...
October 4, 2016: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698984/how-beauty-determines-gaze-facial-attractiveness-and-gaze-duration-in-images-of-real-world-scenes
#9
Helmut Leder, Aleksandra Mitrovic, Jürgen Goller
We showed that the looking time spent on faces is a valid covariate of beauty by testing the relation between facial attractiveness and gaze behavior. We presented natural scenes which always pictured two people, encompassing a wide range of facial attractiveness. Employing measurements of eye movements in a free viewing paradigm, we found a linear relation between facial attractiveness and gaze behavior: The more attractive the face, the longer and the more often it was looked at. In line with evolutionary approaches, the positive relation was particularly pronounced when participants viewed other sex faces...
July 2016: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658937/what-do-we-expect-from-a-beauty-facial-attractiveness-of-the-opposite-sex-gives-rise-to-discrepancies-in-males-anticipation-and-demand
#10
Guanxiong Pei, Liang Meng
Facial attractiveness plays a significant role in social interactions and the effect of beauty premium is frequently observed. Previous studies showed that observing attractive counterparts would alleviate one's sense of unfairness. However, the mechanism underlying this phenomenon remained to be clarified. In this study, male participants were engaged in a modified Dictator game as recipients and their electroencephalograms were recorded. They were convinced that anonymous females who vary in facial attractiveness played as dictators...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614688/the-athletic-body
#11
Andrew Edgar
This paper seeks to explore the attraction and the beauty of the contemporary athletic body. It will be suggested that a body shaped through muscular bulk and definition has come to be seen as aesthetically normative. This body differs from the body of athletes from the early and mid-twentieth century. It will be argued that the contemporary body is not merely the result of advances in sports science, but rather that it is expressive of certain meanings and values. The visual similarity of the contemporary athletic body and that of the comic book superhero suggests that both bodies carry a similar potential for narrative story-telling, and that their attraction is bound up with this narrative potential...
September 10, 2016: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564069/new-techniques-in-relation-to-new-concepts-of-the-aesthetic-of-the-face-technical-considerations-and-aesthetic-evaluation
#12
Antonio Cortese, Giuseppe D'Alessio, Sergio Brongo, Massimo Amato, Maria Rosaria Sarno, Pier Paolo Claudio
Aesthetic of the face is greatly changed in relation to common standards of the past. Modern concepts of beauty from popular models of beautiful faces to actors show a biprotrusive asset with high tension for soft tissues. Facial symmetry has been proposed as a marker of developmental stability that may be important in human mate choice. Any deviation from perfect symmetry can be considered a reflection of imperfect development. The goal of maxillofacial surgery should be to give the best results for both aesthetic and functional aspects...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559498/misuse-of-topical-corticosteroids-on-the-face-a-cross-sectional-study-among-dermatology-outpatients
#13
Abhijeet Kumar Jha, Rajesh Sinha, Smita Prasad
BACKGROUND: Topical corticosteroids (TC) are being misused widely on the face without a prescription from the dermatologist. AIM: To evaluate the misuse of TC-containing preparations on the face and the adverse effects due to its application. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire-based analysis was done among patients attending the dermatology outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital between March 2014 and March 2015. Patients with various facial dermatoses were asked about their current use of topical preparations and on further followup questioning, those who revealed the use of TCs (25g or more) continuously or intermittently for a minimum duration of four weeks were included in the study and observed for local adverse effects...
July 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522090/beauty-is-in-the-belief-of-the-beholder-cognitive-influences-on-the-neural-response-to-facial-attractiveness
#14
Ravi Thiruchselvam, Jessica Harper, Abigail L Homer
Judgments of facial attractiveness are central to decision-making in various domains, but little is known about the extent to which they are malleable. In this study, we used EEG/ERP methods to examine two novel influences on neural and subjective responses to facial attractiveness: an observer's expectation and repetition. In each trial of our task, participants viewed either an ordinary or attractive face. To alter expectations, the faces were preceded by a peer-rating that ostensibly reflected the overall attractiveness value assigned to that face by other individuals...
December 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347672/how-facial-attractiveness-affects-sustained-attention
#15
Jie Li, Lauri Oksama, Jukka Hyönä
The present study investigated whether and how facial attractiveness affects sustained attention. We adopted a multiple-identity tracking paradigm, using attractive and unattractive faces as stimuli. Participants were required to track moving target faces amid distractor faces and report the final location of each target. In Experiment 1, the attractive and unattractive faces differed in both the low-level properties (i.e., luminance, contrast, and color saturation) and high-level properties (i.e., physical beauty and age)...
October 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27332498/front-matter
#16
(no author information available yet)
On behalf of the Scientific Program Committee, I extend a warm welcome to the IMIA-NI members, students, practitioners, informatics researchers, industry partners, and others interested in health and nursing informatics who have come to attend the NI 2016, 13th International Congress on Nursing Informatics. NI 2016 is a biennial conference of the IMIA-NI and the leading scientific meeting for health and nursing informatics research and practice. NI 2016 presents work not only from the discipline of nursing but also from many other disciplines and specialties including both basic and applied informatics...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27324819/rural-shop-based-health-program-planning-a-formative-research-approach-among-owners
#17
Marla B Hall, Tiffany M Eden, Jukelia J Bess, Hope Landrine, Irma Corral, Jeffrey J Guidry, Jimmy T Efird
African American barbershops and beauty salons are settings that have been identified as a significant and culturally relevant venue to reach minority populations for health promotion activities. By being located in almost every town in the USA, this setting is a viable means to promote healthy lifestyles among African Americans. The purpose of this formative research project was to assess African American barbershop and beauty salon owners' perceptions of providing health promotion programming in their shops, as well as to obtain information on health topics of interest and strategies for implementation...
June 20, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27268219/effects-of-facial-attractiveness-on-personality-stimuli-in-an-implicit-priming-task-an-erp-study
#18
Yan Zhang, Minxiao Zheng, Xiaoying Wang
OBJECTIVE: Using event-related potentials (ERPs) in a priming paradigm, this study examines implicit priming in the association of personality words with facial attractiveness. METHOD: A total of 16 participants (8 males and 8 females; age range, 19-24 years; mean age, 21.30 years) were asked to judge the color (red and green) of positive or negative personality words after exposure to priming stimuli (attractive and unattractive facial images). The positive personality words primed by attractive faces or the negative personality words primed by unattractive faces were defined as congruent trials, whereas the positive personality words primed by unattractive faces or the negative personality words primed by attractive faces were defined as incongruent trials...
August 2016: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27265766/ugly-aesthetic-perception-associated-with-emotional-changes-in-experience-of-art-by-behavioural-variant-of-frontotemporal-dementia-patients
#19
Claire Boutoleau-Bretonnière, Cédric Bretonnière, Christelle Evrard, Laetitia Rocher, Audric Mazzietti, Olivier Koenig, Martine Vercelletto, Pascal Derkinderen, Catherine Thomas-Antérion
The aesthetic experience through art is a window into the study of emotions. Patients with behavioural variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) have early alteration of emotional processing. A new appreciation of art has been reported in some of these patients. We designed a computerized task using 32 abstract paintings that allowed us to investigate the integrity of patients' emotions when viewing the artwork. We evaluated both conscious and explicit appraisal of emotions [aesthetic judgment (beautiful/ugly), emotional relevance (affected or not by the painting), emotional valence (pleasant/unpleasant), emotional reaction (adjective choice) and arousal] and unconscious processing...
August 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190951/marquardt-s-facial-golden-decagon-mask-and-its-fitness-with-south-indian-facial-traits
#20
Gopi Veerala, Chandra Sekhar Gandikota, Poornima K Yadagiri, Ranjit Manne, Shubhaker Rao Juvvadi, Tamkeen Farah, Shilpa Vattipelli, Sangeetha Gumbelli
INTRODUCTION: The mathematical ratio of 1:1.618 which is famously known as golden ratio seems to appear recurrently in beautiful things in nature as well as in other things that are seen as beautiful. Dr. Marquardt developed a facial golden mask that contains and includes all of the one-dimensional and two-dimensional geometric golden elements formed from the golden ratio and he claimed that beauty is universal, beautiful faces conforms to the facial golden mask regardless of sex and race...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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