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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513973/width-length-ratio-in-maxillary-anterior-teeth-comparative-study-of-esthetic-preferences-among-professionals-and-laypersons
#1
Lorena Álvarez-Álvarez, Ana Orozco-Varo, Gema Arroyo-Cruz, Emilio Jiménez-Castellanos
PURPOSE: Many studies have examined the esthetic preferences of professionals in the maxillary anterior region; however, only a few have taken into account the ratios that are more frequent within the population or other ratios suggested in the literature as ideal. Previous studies also failed to compare them with the esthetic preferences of the lay population with regards to the smile. The purpose of this study is to highlight the differences when perceiving the esthetics of smiles between general dentists and laypersons, and linking them with the width/length of the maxillary anterior teeth...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504986/cosmetic-bone-contouring
#2
Regina Rodman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In recent years, cosmetic bone contouring surgery has become increasingly popular, especially in East Asian countries. These procedures are also being requested by patients in the United States at an increasing rate. The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of what is involved with these procedures and their potential complications. RECENT FINDINGS: In some cultures, a wide jaw and a square face are aesthetically unpleasing, whereas an ovoid or 'melon seed face' is thought to be feminine, delicate and beautiful...
May 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484614/creating-beauty-creativity-compensates-for-low-physical-attractiveness-when-individuals-assess-the-attractiveness-of-social-and-romantic-partners
#3
Christopher D Watkins
Although creativity is attractive in a potential mate, it is unclear (i) whether the effects of creativity on attractiveness generalize to other social contexts and (ii) whether creativity has equivalent effects on men's and women's attractiveness. As social knowledge of creativity may either enhance or 'offset' the appeal of social partners who differ in physical attractiveness, three repeated measures experiments were conducted to directly address these issues. Here, participants rated a series of face-text pairs for attractiveness on trials that differed in one of four combinations of facial attractiveness (attractive and less attractive) and creativity (creative and less creative), rating story-tellers in two experiments (short interpretations of an identical painting) and creative ideas in a further experiment (alternative uses for an everyday object)...
April 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392214/the-role-of-social-comparison-in-social-judgments-of-dental-appearance-an-experimental-study
#4
Ghada H Al-Kharboush, Koula Asimakopoulou, AlJazi H AlJabaa, J Tim Newton
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the influence of social comparison on social judgments of dental malalignment in a sample of females. METHOD: In a Repeated measures design, N=218 female participants of which N=128 were orthodontic patients (mean age 31.4) and N=90 controls (mean age 26.1) rated their satisfaction with their facial appearance after viewing stereotypically beautiful images of faces (experimental condition) or houses (neutral condition)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368135/the-ugliness-in-averageness-effect-tempering-the-warm-glow-of-familiarity
#5
Evan W Carr, David E Huber, Diane Pecher, Rene Zeelenberg, Jamin Halberstadt, Piotr Winkielman
Mere exposure (i.e., stimulus repetition) and blending (i.e., stimulus averaging) are classic ways to increase social preferences, including facial attractiveness. In both effects, increases in preference involve enhanced familiarity. Prominent memory theories assume that familiarity depends on a match between the target and similar items in memory. These theories predict that when individual items are weakly learned, their blends (morphs) should be relatively familiar, and thus liked-a beauty-in-averageness effect (BiA)...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350904/the-female-beautiful-face
#6
Norman J Pastorek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332712/-for-beauty-is-nothing-but-the-barely-endurable-onset-of-terror-outline-of-a-general-psychoanalytic-aesthetics
#7
Sebastian Leikert
Even close to 80 years after Freud's words that psychoanalysis "has scarcely anything to say about beauty" (Freud, Civilization and its Discontents, SE 21, p. 82) the question of a specific psychoanalytic aesthetic is still faced with a deficit in theory. Since aesthetics is related to Aisthesis, the Greek word for 'perception', a psychoanalytic aesthetic can solely emerge from a psychoanalysis of perceptive structures. The term 'kinaesthetic semantic' is introduced in order to exemplify via music how perceptive experiences must be structured for them to be experienced as beautiful...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299271/three-dimensional-printer-assisted-reduction-genioplasty-surgical-guide-fabrication
#8
Seied Omid Keyhan, Alireza Jahangirnia, Hamid Reza Fallahi, Alireza Navabazam, Sina Ghanean
Genioplasty is a common operation to enhance function and appearance of the chin, the most prominent part of the lower third of the face, which has major impact on character impressions and facial beauty. However, since transference of preconfigured accurate treatment plans to patients during operation is difficult, sometimes it can be challenging, especially for inexperienced surgeons. This article represents a simplified technique to perform reduction genioplasty by utilizing a customized genioplasty guide manufactured with three-dimensional printing technology...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283341/neoclassical-canons-of-facial-beauty-do-we-see-the-deviations
#9
Andrej Pavlic, Magda Trinajstic Zrinski, Visnja Katic, Stjepan Spalj
AIM: To explore the presence of neoclassical canons of facial beauty among young people in Croatia and to question possible psychosocial repercussions occurring in those who demonstrate deviations in relation to canons. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study was cross-sectional and the sample included 249 subjects (60% female) aged 12-39 (median 20). Their en face and profile photographs were taken in Natural Head Position. Photogrammetry included analysis of nine neoclassical canons of facial beauty originating from the Renaissance...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073627/angular-photogrammetric-analysis-and-evaluation-of-facial-esthetics-of-young-ivorians-with-normal-dental-occlusion
#10
Jean-Bertin Beugre, Moussa Diomande, Assi Raoul Assi, Mariam Kadi Koueita, Frédéric Vaysse
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the angular photogrammetric characteristics of subjects according to the facial esthetics criteria applicable in Côte d'Ivoire. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a horizontal study, concerning of group of young people from Côte d'Ivoire whose attractiveness and photogrammetric characteristics were assessed. The data obtained were analyzed using SPSS 20.0 statistical software. The limit of statistical significance was P<0...
March 2017: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056658/the-impact-of-symmetry-on-the-efficiency-of-human-face-perception
#11
Jennifer L Bittner, Jason M Gold
The presence of symmetric properties in a stimulus has been shown to often exert an influence on perception and information processing. Investigations into symmetry have given rise to the notion that it is processed easily and efficiently by the human visual system. However, only a handful of studies have attempted to actually measure symmetry's role in the efficiency of information use. We explored the impact of symmetry on the perception of human faces, a domain where it has been thought to play a particularly important role...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043734/conceptual-model-of-acid-attacks-based-on-survivor-s-experiences-lessons-from-a-qualitative-exploration
#12
Mohammad Sabzi Khoshnami, Elham Mohammadi, Hamideh Addelyan Rasi, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Maliheh Arshi
INTRODUCTION: Acid attack, a worldwide phenomenon, has been increasing in recent years. In addition to severe injuries to the face and body, such violence leads to psychological and social problems that affect the survivors' quality of life. The present study provides a more in-depth understanding of this phenomenon and explores the nature and dimensions of acid attacks based on survivors' experiences. METHOD: A grounded theory study using semi-structured, recorded interviews and applying purposeful theoretical sampling was conducted with 12 acid attack survivors in Iran...
December 30, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028418/buccal-corridors-a-fact-or-a-myth-in-the-eyes-of-laymen
#13
Omnia A Elhiny, Asmaa Y Harhash
AIM: This study aimed to investigate laymen knowledge of the existence of the buccal corridor and whether it was an important factor for them in judging smile attractiveness and the effect of introducing the knowledge to them on their further judgment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine subjects were randomly selected with variable buccal corridor percentages. They were coached to smile in a posed fashion and full face smile photographs were taken from a standardised distance...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943305/use-of-skin-lightening-products-among-selected-urban-communities-in-accra-ghana
#14
Margaret Lartey, Francis D Krampa, Mubarak Abdul-Rahman, Naa L Quarcoo, Phaedra Yamson, Paa G Hagan, Yao Tettey, Richard Gyasi, Andrew A Adjei
BACKGROUND: The practice of skin lightening has been reported from North America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. In literature, some prevalence rates exceed 50%, and both sexes are involved. Common agents used include hydroquinone, mercury, corticosteroids, and caustic agents. The agents are easily accessible and affordable with very little regulation. Cutaneous and systemic side effects occur but do not appear to be a deterrent, as the notion of light skin as a surrogate for beauty is strong...
January 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918002/hair-care-practices-in-african-american-women-potential-for-allergic-contact-dermatitis
#15
REVIEW
Alicia Stallings, Apra Sood
Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a delayed hypersensitivity reaction that occurs when the skin is re-exposed to a substance to which it was previously sensitized. One significant source of exposure to sensitizing chemicals is through personal grooming and beauty products. While the role of cosmetics and hair-care products in the development of ACD is well-documented, there has been very little literature that specifically addresses the role of hair-care practices of patients with tightly curled hair, such as in patients of African descent, in the development of ACD in this population...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763980/three-dimensional-anthropometric-database-of-attractive-caucasian-women-standards-and-comparisons
#16
Luigi Maria Galantucci, Roberto Deli, Alberto Laino, Eliana Di Gioia, Raoul D'Alessio, Fulvio Lavecchia, Gianluca Percoco, Carmela Savastano
The aim of this paper is to develop a database to determine a new biomorphometric standard of attractiveness. Sampling was carried out using noninvasive three-dimensional relief methods to measure the soft tissues of the face. These anthropometric measurements were analyzed to verify the existence of any canons with respect to shape, size, and measurement proportions which proved to be significant with regard to the aesthetics of the face. Finally, the anthropometric parameters obtained were compared with findings described in the international literature...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704391/the-conundrum-of-modern-art-prestige-driven-coevolutionary-aesthetics-trumps-evolutionary-aesthetics-among-art-experts
#17
Jan Verpooten, Siegfried Dewitte
Two major mechanisms of aesthetic evolution have been suggested. One focuses on naturally selected preferences (Evolutionary Aesthetics), while the other describes a process of evaluative coevolution whereby preferences coevolve with signals. Signaling theory suggests that expertise moderates these mechanisms. In this article we set out to verify this hypothesis in the domain of art and use it to elucidate Western modern art's deviation from naturally selected preferences. We argue that this deviation is consistent with a Coevolutionary Aesthetics mechanism driven by prestige-biased social learning among art experts...
March 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698984/how-beauty-determines-gaze-facial-attractiveness-and-gaze-duration-in-images-of-real-world-scenes
#18
Helmut Leder, Aleksandra Mitrovic, Jürgen Goller
We showed that the looking time spent on faces is a valid covariate of beauty by testing the relation between facial attractiveness and gaze behavior. We presented natural scenes which always pictured two people, encompassing a wide range of facial attractiveness. Employing measurements of eye movements in a free viewing paradigm, we found a linear relation between facial attractiveness and gaze behavior: The more attractive the face, the longer and the more often it was looked at. In line with evolutionary approaches, the positive relation was particularly pronounced when participants viewed other sex faces...
July 2016: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658937/what-do-we-expect-from-a-beauty-facial-attractiveness-of-the-opposite-sex-gives-rise-to-discrepancies-in-males-anticipation-and-demand
#19
Guanxiong Pei, Liang Meng
Facial attractiveness plays a significant role in social interactions and the effect of beauty premium is frequently observed. Previous studies showed that observing attractive counterparts would alleviate one's sense of unfairness. However, the mechanism underlying this phenomenon remained to be clarified. In this study, male participants were engaged in a modified Dictator game as recipients and their electroencephalograms were recorded. They were convinced that anonymous females who vary in facial attractiveness played as dictators...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614688/the-athletic-body
#20
Andrew Edgar
This paper seeks to explore the attraction and the beauty of the contemporary athletic body. It will be suggested that a body shaped through muscular bulk and definition has come to be seen as aesthetically normative. This body differs from the body of athletes from the early and mid-twentieth century. It will be argued that the contemporary body is not merely the result of advances in sports science, but rather that it is expressive of certain meanings and values. The visual similarity of the contemporary athletic body and that of the comic book superhero suggests that both bodies carry a similar potential for narrative story-telling, and that their attraction is bound up with this narrative potential...
September 10, 2016: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
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