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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192313/the-shape-of-novel-objects-contributes-to-shared-impressions
#1
Aaron Kurosu, Alexander Todorov
How do people share impressions of novel objects, and is this even possible? We tested whether the shape of novel 3-D objects can lead to similar impressions across people. To do this, we introduced a technique for manipulating highly complex shapes and measured four types of evaluative impressions (approachable, dangerous, beautiful, likable). Because relatively little is understood regarding how people form impressions of novel objects, we first sought to confirm the reliability of this behavior by examining how similar impressions are for an individual asked to re-evaluate the stimuli (i...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188547/humor-as-wisdom-for-reframing-life
#2
Sang Uk Lee
Human beings inevitably experience anxiety but attempt to avoid facing it through various forms of self-deception. This avoidance can lead to pathological symptoms. Young and middle-aged adults may be especially susceptible to suffering from anxiety because they are often single-mindedly pursuing means of achieving security. For these and others who fail to embrace life with warm enthusiasm, humor can serve to alleviate stress. This article views humor as a characteristic disposition of older adults-their humor signifying a sense of integrity and wisdom that often accompanies the aging process...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171154/layperson-s-perception-of-axial-midline-angulation-in-asymmetric-faces
#3
Bruno Pereira Silva, Emilio Jiménez-Castellanos, Kyle Stanley, Eduardo Mahn, Christian Coachman, Sivan Finkel
OBJECTIVE: Asymmetric facial features such as a deviated nose and chin are common and known to affect smile esthetics. When presented with these asymmetries, the clinician must consider the impact they will have on the smile design parameters-especially the placement and angulation of the dental midline, which is a common starting point for a case involving smile design. The purpose of this article is to determine if the nose and chin deviations affect the perception of dental midline angulation...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068970/more-than-meets-the-eye-the-effect-of-intercanthal-distance-on-perception-of-beauty-and-personality
#4
Sanjay Naran, Ari M Wes, Daniel M Mazzaferro, Scott P Bartlett, Jesse A Taylor
In judging normalcy, surgeons rely on established facial anthropometric measures and proportions. However, there exists a range of "normal," and a degree of disproportion may be considered more attractive. The authors set out to determine how changes in only intercanthal distance affect the layperson's perception of beauty and personality traits of a face. The authors used Amazon.com's Mechanical Turk (MTurk), a crowdsourcing tool, to determine how changes in intercanthal distance affect overall perception of beauty and personality...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028860/-man-some-a-review-of-male-facial-aging-and-beauty
#5
Terrence Colin Keaney
<p>Gender plays a significant role in determining facial anatomy and behavior, both of which are key factors in the aging process. Understanding the pattern of male facial aging is critical when planning aesthetic treatments on men. Men develop more severe rhytides in a unique pattern, show increased periocular aging changes, and are more prone to hair loss. What also needs to be considered when planning a treatment is what makes men beautiful or "man-some". Male beauty strikes a balance between masculine and feminine facial features...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946720/contemporary-koreans-perceptions-of-facial-beauty
#6
Seung Chul Rhee, Soo-Jung An, Rahil Hwang
BACKGROUND: This article aims to investigate current perceptions of beauty of the general public and physicians without a specialization in plastic surgery performing aesthetic procedures. METHODS: A cross-sectional and interviewing questionnaire was administered to 290 people in Seoul, South Korea in September 2015. The questionnaire addressed three issues: general attitudes about plastic surgery (Q1), perception of and preferences regarding Korean female celebrities' facial attractiveness (Q2), and the relative influence of each facial aesthetic subunit on overall facial attractiveness...
September 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887482/preliminary-evidence-of-olfactory-signals-of-women-s-fertility-increasing-social-avoidance-behavior-towards-women-in-pair-bonded-men
#7
Chen Oren, Simone G Shamay-Tsoory
Previous studies suggest that women's body odor is perceived as more attractive during ovulation and that exposure to women's chemical signals of high fertility leads to increased mating motivation. Given that pair-bonded men react differently than single men to unfamiliar women, we investigated whether women's chemical signals of fertility influence approach behavior among pair-bonded and single men. In the first experiment, men performed the Comfortable Interpersonal Distance task while exposed to body odor samples from women who were ovulating and from the same women during their luteal phase...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869495/what-can-synergetics-contribute-to-embodied-aesthetics
#8
Hermann Haken
I deal with perception and action (e.g., movements) using results from synergetics, a comprehensive mathematical theory of the self-organized formation (emergence) of spatial, temporal, or functional structures in complex systems. I illustrate basic concepts such as order parameters (OPs), enslavement, complexity reduction, circular causality first by examples of well-known collective, spontaneous modes of human behavior such as rhythmic clapping of hands, and so forth, and then by face recognition. The role played by OPs depends on context...
September 2, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840875/an-evaluation-of-the-influence-of-teeth-and-the-labial-soft-tissues-on-the-perceived-aesthetics-of-a-smile
#9
M Y S Chan, S B Mehta, S Banerji
Objective The aim of this study was to investigate how the lips and teeth may affect the perceived aesthetics of a given smile. Lips and teeth were collectively assessed in different fields of view to see how they may contribute to smile aesthetics. The perception of 'beauty' was assessed to determine whether differences existed between; dentists, non-dentists, males and females.Methods Five subjects were photographed to produce the following views: 1) retracted anterior teeth; 2) lips at rest; 3) zoomed smile; and 4) smile showing the lower face...
August 25, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834124/black-peel-in-facial-dermatoses
#10
Ebtisam Elghblawi
BACKGROUND: Melasma (facial dermatoses) is an acquired chronic disorder of hyperpigmentation over sun exposed parts and continues to be a therapeutic challenge due to the presence of melanin at varying depths in the epidermis and dermis, and many researchers are working hard to find a solution. The main culprit to remain is direct sun exposure, with other factors like drugs, genetic predisposition, thyroid abnormalities, pregnancy, phototoxic and photoallergic cosmetics. Melasma continues to have a remarkable impact on the well-being of affected patients causing deep psychological and social anguish, and with the expansion of cosmetic dermatology globally, treatments that are successful against skin diseases and boost beauty without prolonged recovery periods, or exposing patients to the risks of surgery, are increasingly recognised and acknowledged...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722243/differences-between-caucasian-and-asian-attractive-faces
#11
S C Rhee
INTRODUCTION: There are discrepancies between the public's current beauty desires and conventional theories and historical rules regarding facial beauty. This photogrammetric study aims to describe in detail mathematical differences in facial configuration between attractive Caucasian and attractive Asian faces. METHODS: To analyse the structural differences between attractive Caucasian and attractive Asian faces, frontal face and lateral face views for each race were morphed; facial landmarks were defined, and the relative photographic pixel distances and angles were measured...
July 19, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656588/allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-meth-acrylates-in-long-lasting-nail-polish%C3%A2-%C3%A2-are-we-facing-a-new-epidemic-in-the-beauty-industry
#12
Maria-Elena Gatica-Ortega, Maria-Antonia Pastor-Nieto, Pedro Mercader-García, Juan-Francisco Silvestre-Salvador
BACKGROUND: Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) caused by (meth)acrylates has been described both in occupational and in non-occupational settings. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical patterns, the most frequent allergens and the prognosis in patients sensitized to (meth)acrylates in long-lasting nail polish. METHODS: The files of patients with ACD caused by (meth)acrylates in long-lasting nail polish diagnosed between January 2013 and June 2016 in four dermatology departments in Spain were reviewed...
December 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644926/gangnam-style-plastic-surgery-the-science-of-westernized-beauty-in-south-korea
#13
So Yeon Leem
New beauty ideals and particular types of plastic surgery beauty have emerged in South Korea from the early twenty-first century. By defining Gangnam-style plastic surgery as a hybrid of old Westernized beauty ideals and a new science of beauty with variations and contradictions, I intend to twist the simplistic understanding of non-Western plastic surgery as an effort to resemble the white westerner's body. I also draw political implications from a case of monstrous Gangnam-style beauty made by excessive plastic surgery...
October 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513973/width-length-ratio-in-maxillary-anterior-teeth-comparative-study-of-esthetic-preferences-among-professionals-and-laypersons
#14
Lorena Álvarez-Álvarez, Ana Orozco-Varo, Gema Arroyo-Cruz, Emilio Jiménez-Castellanos
PURPOSE: Many studies have examined the esthetic preferences of professionals in the maxillary anterior region; however, only a few have taken into account the ratios that are more frequent within the population or other ratios suggested in the literature as ideal. Previous studies also failed to compare them with the esthetic preferences of the lay population with regards to the smile. The purpose of this study is to highlight the differences when perceiving the esthetics of smiles between general dentists and laypersons, and linking them with the width/length of the maxillary anterior teeth...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504986/cosmetic-bone-contouring
#15
Regina Rodman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In recent years, cosmetic bone contouring surgery has become increasingly popular, especially in East Asian countries. These procedures are also being requested by patients in the United States at an increasing rate. The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of what is involved with these procedures and their potential complications. RECENT FINDINGS: In some cultures, a wide jaw and a square face are aesthetically unpleasing, whereas an ovoid or 'melon seed face' is thought to be feminine, delicate and beautiful...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484614/creating-beauty-creativity-compensates-for-low-physical-attractiveness-when-individuals-assess-the-attractiveness-of-social-and-romantic-partners
#16
Christopher D Watkins
Although creativity is attractive in a potential mate, it is unclear (i) whether the effects of creativity on attractiveness generalize to other social contexts and (ii) whether creativity has equivalent effects on men's and women's attractiveness. As social knowledge of creativity may either enhance or 'offset' the appeal of social partners who differ in physical attractiveness, three repeated measures experiments were conducted to directly address these issues. Here, participants rated a series of face-text pairs for attractiveness on trials that differed in one of four combinations of facial attractiveness (attractive and less attractive) and creativity (creative and less creative), rating story-tellers in two experiments (short interpretations of an identical painting) and creative ideas in a further experiment (alternative uses for an everyday object)...
April 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392214/the-role-of-social-comparison-in-social-judgments-of-dental-appearance-an-experimental-study
#17
Ghada H Al-Kharboush, Koula Asimakopoulou, AlJazi H AlJabaa, J Tim Newton
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the influence of social comparison on social judgments of dental malalignment in a sample of females. METHOD: In a Repeated measures design, N=218 female participants of which N=128 were orthodontic patients (mean age 31.4) and N=90 controls (mean age 26.1) rated their satisfaction with their facial appearance after viewing stereotypically beautiful images of faces (experimental condition) or houses (neutral condition)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368135/the-ugliness-in-averageness-effect-tempering-the-warm-glow-of-familiarity
#18
Evan W Carr, David E Huber, Diane Pecher, Rene Zeelenberg, Jamin Halberstadt, Piotr Winkielman
Mere exposure (i.e., stimulus repetition) and blending (i.e., stimulus averaging) are classic ways to increase social preferences, including facial attractiveness. In both effects, increases in preference involve enhanced familiarity. Prominent memory theories assume that familiarity depends on a match between the target and similar items in memory. These theories predict that when individual items are weakly learned, their blends (morphs) should be relatively familiar, and thus liked-a beauty-in-averageness effect (BiA)...
June 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350904/the-female-beautiful-face
#19
Norman J Pastorek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332712/-for-beauty-is-nothing-but-the-barely-endurable-onset-of-terror-outline-of-a-general-psychoanalytic-aesthetics
#20
Sebastian Leikert
Even close to 80 years after Freud's words that psychoanalysis "has scarcely anything to say about beauty" (Freud, Civilization and its Discontents, SE 21, p. 82) the question of a specific psychoanalytic aesthetic is still faced with a deficit in theory. Since aesthetics is related to Aisthesis, the Greek word for 'perception', a psychoanalytic aesthetic can solely emerge from a psychoanalysis of perceptive structures. The term 'kinaesthetic semantic' is introduced in order to exemplify via music how perceptive experiences must be structured for them to be experienced as beautiful...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
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