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Beauty face

Luigi Maria Galantucci, Roberto Deli, Alberto Laino, Eliana Di Gioia, Raoul D'Alessio, Fulvio Lavecchia, Gianluca Percoco, Carmela Savastano
The aim of this paper is to develop a database to determine a new biomorphometric standard of attractiveness. Sampling was carried out using noninvasive three-dimensional relief methods to measure the soft tissues of the face. These anthropometric measurements were analyzed to verify the existence of any canons with respect to shape, size, and measurement proportions which proved to be significant with regard to the aesthetics of the face. Finally, the anthropometric parameters obtained were compared with findings described in the international literature...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Jan Verpooten, Siegfried Dewitte
Two major mechanisms of aesthetic evolution have been suggested. One focuses on naturally selected preferences (Evolutionary Aesthetics), while the other describes a process of evaluative coevolution whereby preferences coevolve with signals. Signaling theory suggests that expertise moderates these mechanisms. In this article we set out to verify this hypothesis in the domain of art and use it to elucidate Western modern art's deviation from naturally selected preferences. We argue that this deviation is consistent with a Coevolutionary Aesthetics mechanism driven by prestige-biased social learning among art experts...
October 4, 2016: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
Helmut Leder, Aleksandra Mitrovic, Jürgen Goller
We showed that the looking time spent on faces is a valid covariate of beauty by testing the relation between facial attractiveness and gaze behavior. We presented natural scenes which always pictured two people, encompassing a wide range of facial attractiveness. Employing measurements of eye movements in a free viewing paradigm, we found a linear relation between facial attractiveness and gaze behavior: The more attractive the face, the longer and the more often it was looked at. In line with evolutionary approaches, the positive relation was particularly pronounced when participants viewed other sex faces...
July 2016: I-Perception
Guanxiong Pei, Liang Meng
Facial attractiveness plays a significant role in social interactions and the effect of beauty premium is frequently observed. Previous studies showed that observing attractive counterparts would alleviate one's sense of unfairness. However, the mechanism underlying this phenomenon remained to be clarified. In this study, male participants were engaged in a modified Dictator game as recipients and their electroencephalograms were recorded. They were convinced that anonymous females who vary in facial attractiveness played as dictators...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Andrew Edgar
This paper seeks to explore the attraction and the beauty of the contemporary athletic body. It will be suggested that a body shaped through muscular bulk and definition has come to be seen as aesthetically normative. This body differs from the body of athletes from the early and mid-twentieth century. It will be argued that the contemporary body is not merely the result of advances in sports science, but rather that it is expressive of certain meanings and values. The visual similarity of the contemporary athletic body and that of the comic book superhero suggests that both bodies carry a similar potential for narrative story-telling, and that their attraction is bound up with this narrative potential...
September 10, 2016: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
Antonio Cortese, Giuseppe D'Alessio, Sergio Brongo, Massimo Amato, Maria Rosaria Sarno, Pier Paolo Claudio
Aesthetic of the face is greatly changed in relation to common standards of the past. Modern concepts of beauty from popular models of beautiful faces to actors show a biprotrusive asset with high tension for soft tissues. Facial symmetry has been proposed as a marker of developmental stability that may be important in human mate choice. Any deviation from perfect symmetry can be considered a reflection of imperfect development. The goal of maxillofacial surgery should be to give the best results for both aesthetic and functional aspects...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Abhijeet Kumar Jha, Rajesh Sinha, Smita Prasad
BACKGROUND: Topical corticosteroids (TC) are being misused widely on the face without a prescription from the dermatologist. AIM: To evaluate the misuse of TC-containing preparations on the face and the adverse effects due to its application. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire-based analysis was done among patients attending the dermatology outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital between March 2014 and March 2015. Patients with various facial dermatoses were asked about their current use of topical preparations and on further followup questioning, those who revealed the use of TCs (25g or more) continuously or intermittently for a minimum duration of four weeks were included in the study and observed for local adverse effects...
July 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Ravi Thiruchselvam, Jessica Harper, Abigail Homer
Judgments of facial attractiveness are central to decision-making in various domains, but little is known about the extent to which they are malleable. In this study, we used EEG/ERP methods to examine two novel influences on neural and subjective responses to facial attractiveness: an observer's expectation and repetition. In each trial of our task, participants viewed either an ordinary or attractive face. To alter expectations, the faces were preceded by a peer-rating that ostensibly reflected the overall attractiveness value assigned to that face by other individuals...
August 13, 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Jie Li, Lauri Oksama, Jukka Hyönä
The present study investigated whether and how facial attractiveness affects sustained attention. We adopted a multiple-identity tracking paradigm, using attractive and unattractive faces as stimuli. Participants were required to track moving target faces amid distractor faces and report the final location of each target. In Experiment 1, the attractive and unattractive faces differed in both the low-level properties (i.e., luminance, contrast, and color saturation) and high-level properties (i.e., physical beauty and age)...
October 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
(no author information available yet)
On behalf of the Scientific Program Committee, I extend a warm welcome to the IMIA-NI members, students, practitioners, informatics researchers, industry partners, and others interested in health and nursing informatics who have come to attend the NI 2016, 13th International Congress on Nursing Informatics. NI 2016 is a biennial conference of the IMIA-NI and the leading scientific meeting for health and nursing informatics research and practice. NI 2016 presents work not only from the discipline of nursing but also from many other disciplines and specialties including both basic and applied informatics...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Marla B Hall, Tiffany M Eden, Jukelia J Bess, Hope Landrine, Irma Corral, Jeffrey J Guidry, Jimmy T Efird
African American barbershops and beauty salons are settings that have been identified as a significant and culturally relevant venue to reach minority populations for health promotion activities. By being located in almost every town in the USA, this setting is a viable means to promote healthy lifestyles among African Americans. The purpose of this formative research project was to assess African American barbershop and beauty salon owners' perceptions of providing health promotion programming in their shops, as well as to obtain information on health topics of interest and strategies for implementation...
June 20, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Yan Zhang, Minxiao Zheng, Xiaoying Wang
OBJECTIVE: Using event-related potentials (ERPs) in a priming paradigm, this study examines implicit priming in the association of personality words with facial attractiveness. METHOD: A total of 16 participants (8 males and 8 females; age range, 19-24 years; mean age, 21.30 years) were asked to judge the color (red and green) of positive or negative personality words after exposure to priming stimuli (attractive and unattractive facial images). The positive personality words primed by attractive faces or the negative personality words primed by unattractive faces were defined as congruent trials, whereas the positive personality words primed by unattractive faces or the negative personality words primed by attractive faces were defined as incongruent trials...
August 2016: Neurological Research
Claire Boutoleau-Bretonnière, Cédric Bretonnière, Christelle Evrard, Laetitia Rocher, Audric Mazzietti, Olivier Koenig, Martine Vercelletto, Pascal Derkinderen, Catherine Thomas-Antérion
The aesthetic experience through art is a window into the study of emotions. Patients with behavioural variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) have early alteration of emotional processing. A new appreciation of art has been reported in some of these patients. We designed a computerized task using 32 abstract paintings that allowed us to investigate the integrity of patients' emotions when viewing the artwork. We evaluated both conscious and explicit appraisal of emotions [aesthetic judgment (beautiful/ugly), emotional relevance (affected or not by the painting), emotional valence (pleasant/unpleasant), emotional reaction (adjective choice) and arousal] and unconscious processing...
August 2016: Neuropsychologia
Gopi Veerala, Chandra Sekhar Gandikota, Poornima K Yadagiri, Ranjit Manne, Shubhaker Rao Juvvadi, Tamkeen Farah, Shilpa Vattipelli, Sangeetha Gumbelli
INTRODUCTION: The mathematical ratio of 1:1.618 which is famously known as golden ratio seems to appear recurrently in beautiful things in nature as well as in other things that are seen as beautiful. Dr. Marquardt developed a facial golden mask that contains and includes all of the one-dimensional and two-dimensional geometric golden elements formed from the golden ratio and he claimed that beauty is universal, beautiful faces conforms to the facial golden mask regardless of sex and race...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Xue Wen, Yanhui Xiang, Jonathan S Cant, Tingting Wang, Gerald Cupchik, Ruiwang Huang, Lei Mo
Many previous studies have suggested that various comparisons rely on the same cognitive and neural mechanisms. However, little attention has been paid to exploring the commonalities and differences between the internal comparison based on concepts or rules and the external comparison based on perception. In the present experiment, moral beauty comparison and facial beauty comparison were selected as the representatives of internal comparison and external comparison, respectively. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to record brain activity while participants compared the level of moral beauty of two scene drawings containing moral acts or the level of facial beauty of two face photos...
May 9, 2016: Brain Structure & Function
Helmut Leder, Juergen Goller, Tanya Rigotti, Michael Forster
Whether beauty is in the eye of the beholder or shared among individuals is a longstanding question in empirical aesthetics. By decomposing the variance structure of data for facial attractiveness, it has been previously shown that beauty evaluations comprise a similar amount of private and shared taste (Hönekopp, 2006). Employing the same methods, we found that, for abstract artworks, components that vary between individuals and relate to personal taste are particularly strong. Moreover, we instructed half of our participants to disregard their own taste and judge stimuli according to the taste of others instead...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Michael G Neimkin, John B Holds
The eyes and periocular area are the central aesthetic unit of the face. Facial aging is a dynamic process that involves skin, subcutaneous soft tissues, and bony structures. An understanding of what is perceived as youthful and beautiful is critical for success. Knowledge of the functional aspects of the eyelid and periocular area can identify pre-preoperative red flags.
May 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
Vanphanom Sychareun, Viengnakhone Vongxay, Vassana Thammavongsa, Souksamone Thongmyxay, Phouthong Phummavongsa, Jo Durham
BACKGROUND: Informal workers often face considerable risks and vulnerabilities as a consequence of their work and employment conditions. The purpose of this study was to examine the interplay between the experience of informal work and access to health, using as an example, female beer promoters employed in the informal economy, in the Lao People's Democratic Republic. METHODS: In-depth interviews were undertaken with 24 female beer promoters working in beer shops, restaurants and entertainment venues in Vientiane City...
2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
Julien P Renoult, Jeanne Bovet, Michel Raymond
Sexual ornaments are often assumed to be indicators of mate quality. Yet it remains poorly known how certain ornaments are chosen before any coevolutionary race makes them indicative. Perceptual biases have been proposed to play this role, but known biases are mostly restricted to a specific taxon, which precludes evaluating their general importance in sexual selection. Here we identify a potentially universal perceptual bias in mate choice. We used an algorithm that models the sparseness of the activity of simple cells in the primary visual cortex (or V1) of humans when coding images of female faces...
March 2016: Royal Society Open Science
Dennis Owen Frohlich
Many people with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), sometimes lacking adequate face-to-face sources of support, turn to online communities to meet others with the disease. These online communities are places of support and education, but through the use of social media communication technologies, people with IBD are redefining what it means to live with the disease. This ethnographic study followed 14 online communities to understand how people with IBD used social media technologies to construct their own meanings about living with the disease...
November 2016: Health Communication
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