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Cystoid macular edema

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430331/factors-influencing-intravitreal-bevacizumab-and-triamcinolone-treatment-in-patients-with-diabetic-macular-edema
#1
Tai K Kim, Hye Y Shin, Su Y Kim, Young C Lee, Mee Y Lee
PURPOSE: To evaluate factors associated with response to intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) and intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) in diabetic macular edema (DME). METHODS: Ninety-one eyes of 88 patients diagnosed with DME were enrolled in this retrospective chart review. Group 1 included eyes that showed good response to IVB. Group 2 included eyes that did not respond to IVB but responded to IVTA. Group 3 included eyes that responded to neither. Clinical factors, HbA1c, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings including patterns of macular edema were compared among the 3 groups...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426623/intravitreal-dexamethasone-implantation-in-patients-with-different-morphological-diabetic-macular-edema-having-insufficient-response-to-ranibizumab
#2
Havva Kaldırım, Serpil Yazgan, Kursat Atalay, Ceren Gurez, Fatma Savur
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a single intravitreal injection of dexamethasone implant in resistant diabetic macular edema that have different morphological types. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 31 patients (35 eyes) with persistent diabetic macular edema, who underwent a single injection of dexamethasone implant, were evaluated. Diabetic macular edema was classified into three types: diffuse retinal thickening (n = 10), cystoid macular edema (n = 13), and serous retinal detachment (n = 12)...
April 19, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424563/traumatic-reopening-of-macular-hole-following-successful-surgical-repair
#3
Margaret Wong, Robert L Halpern, James H Frank
A 75-year-old Caucasian female with a full-thickness macular hole underwent a successful surgical repair. Vision improved from 20/400 to 20/30 after surgery. Two years later, the patient presented with a decreased vision after a fall onto her face with a reopened full-thickness macular hole. Vision decreased to 20/400 and then she underwent a second surgery with an internal limiting membrane peeling, which resulted in a second successful closure of her macular hole. Vision following the second surgery was 20/100...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414561/interferon-alpha-for-the-treatment-of-cystoid-macular-edema-associated-with-presumed-ocular-tuberculosis
#4
Merih Oray, Sumru Onal, Gunay Uludag, Aylin Koc Akbay, Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun
PURPOSE: To report the efficacy and safety of interferon (IFN) α-2a in patients with cystoid macular edema (CME) associated with presumed ocular tuberculosis (TB). METHODS: We reviewed the clinical records of 5 patients with presumed ocular TB who had been treated with IFN α-2a for recurrent CME during or after completion of anti-tubercular therapy. IFN α-2a was administered at an initial dose of 3 million IU per day and then tapered after the initial response...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410712/swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-to-screen-for-macular-pathology-in-eyes-having-routine-cataract-surgery
#5
Sidra Zafar, M A Rehman Siddiqui, Rida Shahzad, Masroor H Shahzad
PURPOSE: To determine the incremental benefit of swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) in identifying occult macular disease preoperatively in patients scheduled for routine cataract surgery. SETTING: Shahzad Eye Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Preoperative SS-OCT scans were performed in all patients scheduled to have cataract surgery between January and March 2016...
March 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396946/pattern-and-causes-of-visual-loss-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-uveitis-short-term-and-long-term-outcomes
#6
Radgonde Amer, Walaa Alsughayyar, Diego Almeida
BACKGROUND: To analyze the pattern and causes of visual loss in patients with Behçet's uveitis and to report on the short-term outcome at 6 months and at last follow-up visit. Also, to analyze the pattern of visual acuity changes in eyes with and without macular involvement at the specified time points. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of a single-center in an academic practice. Fifty-three patients with Behçet's uveitis evaluated between 2004 and 2014 were included...
April 10, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389773/analysis-of-clinical-features-and-visual-outcomes-of-pars-planitis
#7
Nilufer Berker, Emine Sen, Ufuk Elgin, Cemile Ucgul Atilgan, Erdem Dursun, Pelin Yilmazbas
PURPOSE: To evaluate the demographic characteristics, clinical features, treatment and outcomes of patients with pars planitis in a tertiary referral center in Turkey. METHODS: Medical records of patients with pars planitis were retrospectively reviewed. The data including demographic and ocular features and treatment outcomes were recorded. The distribution of clinical findings and complications were evaluated according to age and gender groups. The changes in final BCVA compared to the initial BCVA were noted...
April 7, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388263/reversal-of-cystoid-macular-edema-in-gyrate-atrophy-patients
#8
Dan Heller, Chen Weiner, Iris Nasie, Yair Anikster, Yuval Landau, Tal Koren, Russell Pokroy, Adi Abulafia, Eran Pras
PURPOSE: This study reports the presentation of two families with gyrate atrophy (GA). The aim of this study was to characterize the potential effect of therapeutic regimens on macular edema. METHODS: Two unrelated patients with GA were studied for the potential effect of low protein diet (≤ 0.8 g/kg/d), and oral administration of pyridoxine (500 mg/day), on serum ornithine levels, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit-lamp, OCT, and auto-fluorescence findings...
April 7, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378252/intravitreal-dexamethasone-implant-for-recalcitrant-cystoid-macular-edema-secondary-to-retinitis-pigmentosa-a-pilot-study
#9
Aditya Sudhalkar, Laurent Kodjikian, Nishikant Borse
BACKGROUND: To determine the utility of the intravitreal dexamethasone implant as therapy for cystoid macular edema (CME) secondary to retinitis pigmentosa (RP) recalcitrant to carbonic anhydrase inhibitor therapy over 2 years as a pilot study. METHODS: This was a prospective case series. Patients who showed either an incomplete or no response to topical dorzolamide for at least 1 month and oral acetazolamide therapy for at least 15 days were recruited for the study with informed consent...
April 4, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376478/french-medical-administrative-database-for-epidemiology-and-safety-in-ophthalmology-episafe-the-episafe-collaboration-program-in-cataract-surgery
#10
Vincent Daien, Jean-Francois Korobelnik, Cécile Delcourt, Audrey Cougnard-Gregoire, Marie Noelle Delyfer, Alain M Bron, Isabelle Carrière, Max Villain, Jean Pierre Daures, Sandy Lacombe, Anne Sophie Mariet, Catherine Quantin, Catherine Creuzot-Garcher
Medical-administrative databases are an important source of big data to assess the epidemiology of diseases and interventions, compare drugs, and investigate rare adverse events. We describe the French national health insurance system databases and the Epidemiology and Safety (EPISAFE) collaboration program in ophthalmology and illustrate the paper with recent studies that used the databases to investigate cataract surgery. The Système national d'information inter-régime de l'assurance maladie (SNIIR-AM) is one of the largest databases of medical and administrative data for a general population, covering nearly 65 million people...
April 4, 2017: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366377/treatment-of-cystoid-macular-edema-after-cataract-surgery
#11
REVIEW
Laura H P Wielders, Jan S A G Schouten, Merel R Aberle, Verena A Lambermont, Frank J H M van den Biggelaar, Bjorn Winkens, Rob W P Simons, Rudy M M A Nuijts
The purpose of this review was to determine the optimum pharmacologic treatment for cystoid macular edema (CME) after cataract surgery in nondiabetic and diabetic patients. The Cochrane Library, Medline, and Embase databases were searched, and all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared at least 2 pharmacologic strategies for CME after cataract surgery were included. Studies were excluded if preoperative CME or other risk factors for developing CME postoperatively were present. Ten RCTs were included in the systematic review...
February 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366368/risk-factors-for-and-diagnosis-of-pseudophakic-cystoid-macular-edema-after-cataract-surgery-in-diabetic-patients
#12
Jin Yang, Lei Cai, Zhongcui Sun, Hongfei Ye, Qi Fan, Keke Zhang, Wenyi Lu, Yi Lu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the risk factors and potential diagnostic criteria for pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (CME) in diabetic patients after phacoemulsification. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China. DESIGN: Prospective nonrandomized study. METHODS: Diabetic patients were followed for up to 6 months after cataract surgery and examined to evaluate their foveal thickness, macular sensitivity, and corrected distance visual acuity...
February 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365853/vitreous-hemorrhage-as-an-early-sign-of-acute-bacterial-endophthalmitis-following-intravitreal-ranibizumab-injection
#13
Yishay Weill, Koby Brosh, Tamar Levi-Vineberg, Joel Hanhart
PURPOSE: To report a case of acute bacterial endophthalmitis after antivascular endothelial growth factor injection with a rare presentation of vitreous hemorrhage. METHODS: An 84-year-old woman presented with sudden painless vision loss in her left eye, 3 days after intravitreal ranibizumab injection for cystoid macular edema due to neovascular age-related macular degeneration. The patient was otherwise asymptomatic. Dense vitreous hemorrhage was observed. At follow-up the next day, the patient complained on severe left eye pain...
April 1, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353369/cystoid-macular-edema-in-retinitis-pigmentosa-with-intermediate-uveitis-responded-well-to-oral-and-posterior-subtenon-steroid
#14
Koushik Tripathy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351058/central-macular-thickness-monitoring-after-a-taxane-based-therapy-in-visually-asymptomatic-patients
#15
Elias Chelala, Nicolas Arej, Joelle Antoun, Hampig Raphael Kourie, Karen Zaarour, Fady Ghassan Haddad, Fadi Farhat, Fadi El Karak, Joseph Kattan
BACKGROUND: Taxanes are drugs used in various chemotherapeutical protocols to treat solid tumors. They have multiple systemic adverse effects, such as bone marrow suppression, alopecia, nausea, and vomiting, and may rarely cause ocular symptoms. In the past decade, a few reported cases have shown the occurrence of a cystoid macular edema with significant visual loss after the use of a taxane-based chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to compare the central macular thickness (CMT) before and after the initiation of a taxane-based therapy in visually asymptomatic patients and to elucidate the possible impact of these drugs on the vision of cancer patients...
2017: Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351049/macular-edema-of-choroidal-origin
#16
Gisèle Soubrane
Macular edema is most often clinically defined as an accumulation of serous fluid within the neurosensory retina with increased thickness of the central retina. In exudative age-related macular degeneration the leakage of fluid from the choroidal new vessels may be the origin of macular edema. Their abnormal permeability and the inflammatory reaction are mechanisms involved in this accumulation of fluid, which occurs in all layers. Cystoid macular edema is more often associated with subepithelial occult choroidal neovascularization (CNV) than it is with pre-epithelial classic CNV...
2017: Developments in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351048/retinitis-pigmentosa-and-other-dystrophies
#17
Sarah Mrejen, Isabelle Audo, Sébastien Bonnel, José-Alain Sahel
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a heterogeneous group of inherited retinal degenerations characterized by progressive degeneration of rod and cone cells that affects predominantly peripheral visual fields. Macular edema may cause additional central visual acuity decrease. Cystoid macular edema (CME) is one of the few treatable causes of visual loss in RP. The prevalence of CME in RP has been found to be between 10 and 20% on fluorescein angiography-based studies, and as high as 49% on reports based on optical coherence tomography...
2017: Developments in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351047/postsurgical-cystoid-macular-edema
#18
Dinah Zur, Anat Loewenstein
Cystoid macular edema (CME) is a primary cause of reduced vision following both cataract and successful vitreoretinal surgery. The incidence of clinical CME following modern cataract surgery is 0.1-2.35%. Preexisting conditions such as diabetes mellitus and uveitis as well as intraoperative complications can raise the risk of postsurgical CME. The etiology of CME is not completely understood. Prolapsed or incarcerated vitreous and postoperative inflammatory processes have been proposed as causative agents. Pseudophakic CME is characterized by poor postoperative visual acuity...
2017: Developments in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351046/retinal-vein-occlusions
#19
Jost B Jonas, Jordi Monés, Agnès Glacet-Bernard, Gabriel Coscas
Retinal vein occlusions (RVOs) have been defined as retinal vascular disorders characterized by dilatation of retinal veins with retinal and subretinal hemorrhages, macular edema, and a varying degree of retinal ischemia. Retinal angiography, either as fluorescein and indocyanine green (ICG) angiography or in the form of optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based angiography, is essential for the diagnosis and assessment of the prognosis of RVOs. It allows the differentiation of diverse types of RVOs, such as perfused or nonperfused, as well as the detection of different modalities in the natural history of RVOs...
2017: Developments in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338557/ruthenium-106-brachytherapy-in-the-treatment-of-circumscribed-choroidal-hemangioma
#20
Masood Naseripour, Arash Maleki, Arezoo Astaraki, Ahad Sedaghat, Ramin Jaberi, Stacey Lee, Zohreh Azma, Sukhum Silpa-Archa
PURPOSE: To examine the efficacy and safety of Ruthenium-106 plaque radiotherapy in the treatment of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma. METHODS: Twenty-one eyes of 21 patients diagnosed with symptomatic circumscribed choroidal hemangioma who underwent Ruthenium-106 plaque radiotherapy were included in the study. Clinical response, ancillary tests finding improvement, and major side effects were evaluated. RESULTS: From the initial to the 1-year follow-up visits, vision improved in 12 eyes (57%), was stable in 7 eyes (33%), and became worse in 2 eyes (10%)...
March 23, 2017: Retina
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