keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Diabetes AND Complement

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915019/the-impact-of-cell-surface-pegylation-and-short-course-immunotherapy-on-islet-graft-survival-in-an-allogeneic-murine-model
#1
Jaime A Giraldo, R Damaris Molano, Hernán R Rengifo, Carmen Fotino, Kerim M Gattás-Asfura, Antonello Pileggi, Cherie L Stabler
: Islet transplantation is a promising therapy for Type 1 diabetes mellitus; however, host inflammatory and immune responses lead to islet dysfunction and destruction, despite potent systemic immunosuppression. Grafting of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) to the periphery of cells or tissues can mitigate inflammation and immune recognition via generation of a steric barrier. Herein, we sought to evaluate the complementary impact of islet PEGylation with a short-course immunotherapy on the survival of fully-MHC mismatched islet allografts (DBA/2 islets into diabetic C57BL/6J recipients)...
November 30, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910201/meal-insulin-cycle-a-visual-summary-of-the-biochemical-events-between-meals
#2
Stavros Kalogiannis
In the present article, a scheme that summarizes the biochemical events occurring in the human body after the consumption of a meal is proposed. The scheme illustrates the metabolic sequence as a series of counteracting components occupying opposite positions in a cycle, indicating their opposite actions or physiological states, such as meal versus energy consumption, increase versus decrease of blood glucose levels, and excretion of insulin versus excretion of glucagon. Furthermore, the cycle is complemented by a table indicating the acceleration or inhibition of selected metabolic pathways and actions...
December 2, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908300/serum-complement-c3-strongly-correlates-with-whole-body-insulin-sensitivity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
Francesco Ursini, Salvatore D'Angelo, Emilio Russo, Franco Arturi, Lucia D'Antona, Caterina Bruno, Saverio Naty, Giovambattista De Sarro, Ignazio Olivieri, Rosa Daniela Grembiale
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterised by an excess of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk, attributable to a synergy between under-diagnosed traditional risk factors (i.e. insulin resistance) and inflammatory disease activity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between inflammatory measures and insulin sensitivity in RA patients. METHODS: Forty non-diabetic RA patients (19 males) were recruited. All patients underwent anthropometric measurements, laboratory evaluation and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)...
October 27, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903615/urine-proteome-specific-for-eye-damage-can-predict-kidney-damage-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-case-control-and-a-5-3-year-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Jin-Kui Yang, Ying-Ying Wang, Chang Liu, Ting-Ting Shi, Jing Lu, Xi Cao, Fang-Yuan Yang, Jian-Ping Feng, Chen Chen, Li-Nong Ji, Aimin Xu
OBJECTIVE: The predictive value of microalbuminuria (MAU) for kidney damage is limited in type 2 diabetes (T2D). We studied whether a urine proteome specific for sight-threatening proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) is an indicator to predict chronic renal insufficiency (CRI) in patients with T2D. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A shotgun urine proteomic analysis was performed in patients with MAU and PDR (case subjects) and in patients with MAU and a duration of T2D for >10 years but with without any degree of retinopathy (control subjects)...
November 30, 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899485/circulating-microrna-122-is-associated-with-the-risk-of-new-onset-metabolic-syndrome-and-type-2-diabetes
#5
Peter Willeit, Philipp Skroblin, Alexander R Moschen, Xiaoke Yin, Dorothee Kaudewitz, Anna Zampetaki, Temo Barwari, Meredith Whitehead, Cristina M Ramírez, Leigh Goedeke, Noemi Rotllan, Enzo Bonora, Alun D Hughes, Peter Santer, Carlos Fernández-Hernando, Herbert Tilg, Johann Willeit, Stefan Kiechl, Manuel Mayr
MicroRNA-122 (miR-122) is abundant in the liver and involved in lipid homeostasis, but its relevance to the long-term risk of developing metabolic disorders is unknown. We therefore measured circulating miR-122 in the prospective population-based Bruneck Study (n=810; survey year: 1995). Circulating miR-122 was associated with prevalent insulin resistance, obesity, metabolic syndrome, type-2 diabetes, and an adverse lipid profile. Among 92 plasma proteins and 135 lipid subspecies quantified with mass spectrometry, it correlated inversely with zinc-alpha-2-glycoprotein and positively with afamin, complement-factor H, VLDL-associated apolipoproteins, and lipid subspecies containing monounsaturated and saturated fatty acids...
November 29, 2016: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895819/nutrition-insulin-resistance-and-dysfunctional-adipose-tissue-determine-the-different-components-of-metabolic-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Juan Antonio Paniagua
Obesity is an excessive accumulation of body fat that may be harmful to health. Today, obesity is a major public health problem, affecting in greater or lesser proportion all demographic groups. Obesity is estimated by body mass index (BMI) in a clinical setting, but BMI reports neither body composition nor the location of excess body fat. Deaths from cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes accounted for approximately 65% of all deaths, and adiposity and mainly abdominal adiposity are associated with all these disorders...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890939/the-metal-face-of-protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-1b
#7
REVIEW
Elisa Bellomo, Kshetrimayum Birla Singh, Alberto Massarotti, Christer Hogstrand, Wolfgang Maret
A new paradigm in metallobiochemistry describes the activation of inactive metalloenzymes by metal ion removal. Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) do not seem to require a metal ion for enzymatic activity. However, both metal cations and metal anions modulate their enzymatic activity. One binding site is the phosphate binding site at the catalytic cysteine residue. Oxyanions with structural similarity to phosphate, such as vanadate, inhibit the enzyme with nanomolar to micromolar affinities. In addition, zinc ions (Zn(2+)) inhibit with picomolar to nanomolar affinities...
November 15, 2016: Coordination Chemistry Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864165/text-to-move-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-text-messaging-program-to-improve-physical-activity-behaviors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Stephen Agboola, Kamal Jethwani, Lenny Lopez, Meghan Searl, Sandra O'Keefe, Joseph Kvedar
BACKGROUND: Text messages are increasingly being used because of the low cost and the ubiquitous nature of mobile phones to engage patients in self-care behaviors. Self-care is particularly important in achieving treatment outcomes in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of personalized text messages on physical activity, as measured by a pedometer, and clinical outcomes in a diverse population of patients with T2DM. METHODS: Text to Move (TTM) incorporates physical activity monitoring and coaching to provide automated and personalized text messages to help patients with T2DM achieve their physical activity goals...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863080/screening-for-potential-serum-based-proteomic-biomarkers-for-human-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-using-maldi-tof-ms
#9
Qiutao Meng, Siqi Ge, Wenhua Yan, Ruisheng Li, Jingtao Dou, Haibing Wang, Baoan Wang, Qingwei Ma, Yong Zhou, Manshu Song, Xinwei Yu, Hao Wang, Xinghua Yang, Fen Liu, Mohamed Ali Alzain, Yuxiang Yan, Ling Zhang, Lijuan Wu, Feifei Zhao, Yan He, Xiuhua Guo, Feng Chen, Weizhuo Xu, Monique Garcia, Desmond Menon, Youxin Wang, Yiming Mu, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex, pandemic disease contributing towards the global burden of health issues. To date, there are no simple clinical tests for the early detection of T2DM. METHOD: To identify potential peptide biomarkers for such applications, 406 sera of T2DM patients (n = 206) and healthy controls (n = 200) are analyzed by using MALDI-TOF MS with a cross-sectional case-control design. RESULT: Six peptides (peaks m/z 1452...
November 8, 2016: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857136/differentiating-lipedema-and-dercum-s-disease
#10
K Beltran, K L Herbst
BACKGROUND: People with lipedema or Dercum's disease (DD) can have a similar distribution of excess painful nodular subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) making them difficult to differentiate. METHODS: Case series of 94 patients with DD, 160 with lipedema and 18 with both diagnoses (Lip+DD) from a single clinic in an academic medical center to improve identification and differentiation of these disorders by comparison of clinical findings, prevalence of type 2 diabetes (DM2), hypermobility by the Beighton score, and assessment of a marker of inflammation, Total complement activity (CH50)...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846754/distinction-of-hypertriglyceridemic-waist-phenotype-from-simple-abdominal-obesity-interaction-with-sex-hormone-binding-globulin-levels-to-confer-high-coronary-risk
#11
Ahmet Karagöz, Altan Onat, Mesut Aydın, Günay Can, Barış Şimşek, Murat Yüksel
OBJECTIVE: The associations of total testosterone (TT) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) with the hypertriglyceridemic waist (HtgW) phenotype and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk have scarcely been examined. We explored such cardiometabolic risk mediations in middle-aged adults. METHODS: Participants (n=1924) in a population-based study were studied by forming categories consisting of abdominal obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, both (HtgW), or none ("healthy")...
November 16, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832816/incidence-prevalence-and-genetic-determinants-of-neonatal-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#12
Jobert Richie N Nansseu, Suzanne S Ngo-Um, Eric V Balti
BACKGROUND: In the absence of existing data, the present review intends to determine the incidence, prevalence and/or genetic determinants of neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM), with expected contribution to disease characterization. METHODS: We will include cross-sectional, cohort or case-control studies which have reported the incidence, prevalence and/or genetic determinants of NDM between January 01, 2000 and May 31, 2016, published in English or French languages and without any geographical limitation...
November 10, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815605/peptide-serum-markers-in-islet-autoantibody-positive-children
#13
Christine von Toerne, Michael Laimighofer, Peter Achenbach, Andreas Beyerlein, Tonia de Las Heras Gala, Jan Krumsiek, Fabian J Theis, Anette G Ziegler, Stefanie M Hauck
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We sought to identify minimal sets of serum peptide signatures as markers for islet autoimmunity and predictors of progression rates to clinical type 1 diabetes in a case-control study. METHODS: A double cross-validation approach was applied to first prioritise peptides from a shotgun proteomic approach in 45 islet autoantibody-positive and -negative children from the BABYDIAB/BABYDIET birth cohorts. Targeted proteomics for 82 discriminating peptides were then applied to samples from another 140 children from these cohorts...
November 4, 2016: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814628/inflammatory-biomarkers-of-coronary-heart-disease
#14
Hongyu Li, Kai Sun, Ruiping Zhao, Jiang Hu, Zhiru Hao, Fei Wang, Yaojun Lu, Fu Liu, Yong Zhang
Coronary heart disease (CHD), characterized by inflammation and accumulation of plaques mainly comprised of lipids, calcium and inflammatory cells in the walls of coronary arteries. CHD is exacerbated by specific cardiovascular risk factors, such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. The current review focuses on the critical role of traditional inflammatory biomarkers, including interleukin-6, C-reactive protein (CRP), complement, CD40 and myeloperoxidase (MPO), in the pathogenesis of CHD.
January 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814594/cardiac-allograft-vasculopathy-microvascular-arteriolar-capillaries-capioles-and-survival
#15
Carlos A Labarrere, Beate R Jaeger, Ghassan S Kassab
Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a serious complication of heart transplantation in adults and children. Risk factors include human leukocyte antigen mismatches, number and duration of rejection episodes, type of immunosuppression, antibody-mediated rejection, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, smoking, diabetes, cytomegalovirus infection, mode of donor brain death, donor age and ischemia/reperfusion injury. Endothelial injury and dysfunction in CAV are characterized by changes in adhesion molecules and up-regulation of major histocompatibility class II antigens followed by endothelial activation of complement C4d...
January 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803754/the-diagnostic-significance-of-signal-peptide-complement-c1r-c1s-uegf-and-bmp1-epidermal-growth-factor-domain-containing-protein-1-levels-in-pulmonary-embolism
#16
Nigar Dirican, Ali Duman, Gülcan Sağlam, Akif Arslan, Onder Ozturk, Sule Atalay, Ahmet Bircan, Ahmet Akkaya, Munire Cakir
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common and potentially life-threatening disorder. Patients with PE often have nonspecific symptoms, and the diagnosis is often delayed. AIM: The aim of our study was to investigate the role of signal peptide-complement C1r/C1s, Uegf, and Bmp1-epidermal growth factor domain-containing protein 1 (SCUBE1) used in the diagnosis of PE. METHODS: The study was designed prospectively. A total of 57 patients who were admitted to emergency service with clinically suspected PE were included in the study...
October 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795673/a-single-amino-acid-mutation-of-ossbeiib-contributes-to-resistant-starch-accumulation-in-rice
#17
Ruifang Yang, Jianjiang Bai, Jun Fang, Ying Wang, Gangseob Lee, Zhongze Piao
Foods rich in resistant starch can help prevent various diseases, including diabetes, colon cancers, diarrhea, and chronic renal and hepatic diseases. Variations in starch biosynthesis enzymes could contribute to the high content of resistant starch in some cultivars of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Our previously published work indicated that the sbe3-rs gene in the rice mutant line, 'Jiangtangdao1' was a putative allele of the rice starch branching enzyme gene SBEIIb (previously known as SBE3); sbe3-rs might control the biosynthesis of the high resistant starch content in the rice line...
September 2016: Breeding Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793629/microsecond-simulation-of-human-aquaporin-2-reveals-structural-determinants-of-water-permeability-and-selectivity
#18
Siladitya Padhi, U Deva Priyakumar
Human aquaporin 2 (AQP2) from the family of aquaporins assumes great physiological importance, owing to its association with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI). The present study provides detailed insights into the transport properties of AQP2 with the use of microsecond-scale molecular dynamics simulations, and explains how these channels conduct water molecules while at the same time excluding other molecules. Water transport is seen to be diffusion-limited, with a barrier of only 1.6kcalmol(-1), and the channel is more water-permeable than other known aquaporins...
October 26, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787618/immunogenicity-of-human-embryonic-stem-cell-derived-beta-cells
#19
Cornelis R van der Torren, Arnaud Zaldumbide, Gaby Duinkerken, Simone H Brand-Schaaf, Mark Peakman, Geert Stangé, Laura Martinson, Evert Kroon, Eugene P Brandon, Daniel Pipeleers, Bart O Roep
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: To overcome the donor shortage in the treatment of advanced type 1 diabetes by islet transplantation, human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) show great potential as an unlimited alternative source of beta cells. hESCs may have immune privileged properties and it is important to determine whether these properties are preserved in hESC-derived cells. METHODS: We comprehensively investigated interactions of both innate and adaptive auto- and allo-immunity with hESC-derived pancreatic progenitor cells and hESC-derived endocrine cells, retrieved after in-vivo differentiation in capsules in the subcutis of mice...
January 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769288/comparing-routine-administrative-data-with-registry-data-for-assessing-quality-of-hospital-care-in-patients-with-myocardial-infarction-using-deterministic-record-linkage
#20
Birga Maier, Katrin Wagner, Steffen Behrens, Leonhard Bruch, Reinhard Busse, Dagmar Schmidt, Helmut Schühlen, Roland Thieme, Heinz Theres
BACKGROUND: Assessment of quality of care in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) should be based on data that effectively enable determination of quality. With the need to simplify measurement techniques, the question arises whether routine data can be used for this purpose. We therefore compared data from a German sickness fund (AOK) with data from the Berlin Myocardial Infarction Registry (BMIR). METHODS: We included patients hospitalised for treatment of MI in Berlin from 2009-2011...
October 21, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
keyword
keyword
34320
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"