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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918787/an-ovine-model-for-exclusive-endoscopic-ear-surgery
#1
Lukas Anschuetz, Marco Bonali, Michael Ghirelli, Francesco Mattioli, Domenico Villari, Marco Caversaccio, Livio Presutti
Importance: With the international spread of exclusive transcanal endoscopic ear surgery, the need for a suitable and affordable surgical training model has grown during the past years. Objective: To develop and validate an ex vivo animal model for exclusive endoscopic ear surgery. Design, Setting, and Animal Models: In an experimental study, we compared ovine and human middle ear anatomy in 4 specimens and assessed the lamb as a model for endoscopic ear surgery...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918362/-long-term-outcomes-after-middle-fossa-approach-for-traumatic-facial-nerve-paralysis-otology-neurotology-2016-37-799-804
#2
Glenn W Knox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917401/aao-autoimmune-and-autoinflammatory-disease-in-otology-what-is-new-in-immune-mediated-hearing-loss
#3
REVIEW
Andrea Vambutas, Shresh Pathak
OBJECTIVES: Autoinflammatory diseases are a family of immune-mediated, rare diseases, some of which, exhibit sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), suggesting potentially similar mechanisms of molecular pathogenesis between autoinflammatory-mediated hearing loss and autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED) may exist. The purpose of this review is to compare the clinical features of autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases that affect hearing, discuss the limitations of our knowledge, and highlight potential new disease mechanisms and therapeutics...
October 2016: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914909/benefits-pitfalls-and-risks-of-phytotherapy-in-clinical-practice-in-otorhinolaryngology
#4
O Laccourreye, A Werner, L Laccourreye, P Bonfils
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the benefits, pitfalls and risks of phytotherapy in the clinical practice of otorhinolaryngology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The PubMed and Cochrane databases were searched using the following keywords: phytotherapy, phytomedicine, herbs, otology, rhinology, laryngology, otitis, rhinitis, laryngitis and otorhinolaryngology. Seventy-two articles (18 prospective randomized studies, 4 Cochrane analyses, 4 meta-analysis and 15 reviews of the literature) devoted to clinical studies were analyzed...
November 30, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913723/the-utility-of-the-maude-database-for-osseointegrated-auditory-implants
#5
Daniel H Coelho, Alex J Tampio
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of Manufacturer and User Friendly Device Experience (MAUDE) database in studying osseointegrated auditory implant (OAI)-related complications. METHODS: The MAUDE database was searched for all reports involving OAIs (ie, Baha, Ponto, Sophono). Complications were classified into 1 or more of 6 categories-implant, abutment, processor, skin, surgery, and other. Subcategories were generated to prevent overgeneralization. Other variables recorded included date of report, number of complications per report, manufacturer, and time from complication to report...
January 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898608/effect-of-spatial-orientation-of-the-horizontal-semicircular-canal-on-the-vestibulo-ocular-reflex
#6
Rebecca Maxwell, Constantin von Kirschbaum, Claudia Jerin, Nadine Lehnen, Eike Krause, Robert Gürkov
OBJECTIVE: To determine if an alignment of the horizontal semi-circular canal (hSCC) with the plane of rotation would enhance the vestibular-ocular reflex (VOR) gain result as it has been previously suggested. STUDY DESIGN: Comparative study of a physiological vestibular function test in healthy subjects. SETTING: Tertiary referral center for otology and neurotology. PATIENTS: Twenty two healthy volunteers were recruited for this study...
November 24, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897130/recommendations-for-potassium-titanyl-phosphate-laser-in-the-treatment-of-cholesteatoma
#7
REVIEW
Gavin John le Nobel, Adrian Lewis James
Potassium-titanyl-phosphage (KTP) lasers possess many characteristics suitable for otologic surgery. The objective of this report is to provide recommendations on the use of KTP laser for cholesteatoma surgery based on a narrative review of currently available evidence. PubMed and the Cochrane Review of randomized control trials were searched for relevant publications on efficacy and adverse effects and relevant articles appraised by the authors using Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine criteria for recommendations...
November 28, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895002/impression-material-in-the-external-and-middle-ear-an-overview-of-the-literature-and-a-stepwise-approach-for-removal
#8
Froukje Verdam, Rinze Tange, Hans Thomeer
Here, we provide a literature overview of cases with protruding molding material for earplugs or hearing aids and subsequent required treatment, including our own cases. Patients at risk are those with impaired tympanic membranes or who previously underwent otologic surgery. Symptoms such as otalgia, tinnitus, and vertigo are alarming but do not always arise. In case of doubt, a CT scan is of additive value to prepare for adequate surgical removal and to limit potential damage. A stepwise approach for the clinician on how to address these challenging cases is presented, based upon the literature and our own experience...
November 28, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895001/surgical-management-and-hearing-outcome-of-traumatic-ossicular-injuries
#9
Stefan Delrue, Nicolas Verhaert, Joost van Dinther, Andrzej Zarowski, Thomas Somers, Christian Desloovere, Erwin Offeciers
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate etiological, clinical, and pathological characteristics of traumatic injuries of the middle ear ossicular chain and to evaluate hearing outcome after surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients (31 ears) with traumatic ossicular injuries operated on between 2004 and 2015 in two tertiary referral otologic centers were retrospectively analyzed. Traumatic events, clinical features, ossicular lesions, treatment procedures, and audiometric results were evaluated...
November 28, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893079/endoscopic-repair-of-tympanic-membrane-perforations-an-exercise-of-acrobatic-dexterity-or-the-sign-of-the-beginning-of-a-new-era-in-otology
#10
Manuela Fina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879230/bilateral-cochleovestibulopathy-due-to-internal-auditory-canal-metastasis-in-a-patient-with-stomach-cancer
#11
Sertaç Yetişer
Bilateral sudden onset hearing loss and vestibular dysfunction due to metastatic carcinoma of the internal auditory canal (IAC) on both sides is an extremely rare occurrence. This is a challenging case in neuro-otology that is difficult to relieve by medical support, and spontaneous compensation by vestibular rehabilitation is minimal. The spread of tumor cells to the cerebrospinal space indicates poor prognosis. We present a patient with stage-III gastric carcinoma who experienced sudden hearing loss and severe imbalance...
November 23, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878799/microsurgery-robots-addressing-the-needs-of-high-precision-surgical-interventions
#12
Leonardo S Mattos, Darwin G Caldwell, Giorgio Peretti, Francesco Mora, Luca Guastini, Roberto Cingolani
Robotics has a significant potential to enhance the overall capacity and efficiency of healthcare systems. Robots can help surgeons perform better quality operations, leading to reductions in the hospitalisation time of patients and in the impact of surgery on their postoperative quality of life. In particular, robotics can have a significant impact on microsurgery, which presents stringent requirements for superhuman precision and control of the surgical tools. Microsurgery is, in fact, expected to gain importance in a growing range of surgical specialties as novel technologies progressively enable the detection, diagnosis and treatment of diseases at earlier stages...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858145/role-of-antioxidants-in-prevention-of-age-related-hearing-loss-a-review-of-literature
#13
REVIEW
Elham Tavanai, Ghassem Mohammadkhani
Age-related hearing loss (ARHL), also known as presbycusis, is one of the most prevalent chronic degenerative conditions. It is characterized by a decline in auditory function. ARHL is caused by the interaction of multiple factors, including cochlear aging, environment, genetic predisposition, and health comorbidities. The primary pathology of ARHL includes the hair cells loss, stria vascularis atrophy, and loss of spiral ganglion neurons as well as the changes in central auditory pathways. The research to date suggests that oxidative stress and mitochondrial DNA deletion (mtDNA) play a major role in pathophysiology of ARHL...
November 17, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844162/erratum-to-neuro-otology-some-recent-clinical-advances
#14
Miriam S Welgampola, Gülden Akdal, G Michael Halmagyi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837421/otologic-and-audiologic-findings-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#15
E Verheij, A L Kist, A B Mink van der Molen, I Stegeman, G A van Zanten, W Grolman, H G X M Thomeer
Hearing loss is frequently present in the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. Our aim was to describe the audiologic and otologic features of patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. We conducted a retrospective cohort study in a single tertiary referral center. We reviewed medical files of all patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome who visited an otolaryngologist, plastic surgeon or speech therapist, for audiologic or otologic features. Hearing loss was defined as a pure tone average (of 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz) of >20 decibel hearing level...
November 11, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833867/a-study-of-brainstem-auditory-evoked-responses-in-normal-hearing-patients-with-tinnitus
#16
G Ravikumar, V Ashok Murthy
Tinnitus is thought to be an auditory phenomenon resulting from spontaneous neuronal activity somewhere along the auditory pathway either in the peripheral or central auditory system. The neural abnormalities underlying tinnitus are largely unknown. This study analysis the auditory brainstem responses in normal hearing patients with tinnitus. This study consisted of 100 patients divided into two groups. Group I (Control): 50 Normal hearing patients without tinnitus. Group II (Study): 50 Normal hearing patients complaining of tinnitus...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833865/audiological-and-electrophysiological-changes-in-patients-with-vitiligo
#17
Richa Arya, Sanjay Kumar Munjal, Naresh Kumar Panda, Davinder Prasad
The study was conducted to evaluate the audiological and electrophysiological findings in patients with Vitiligo and to compare the findings with otologically and audiologically normal controls. Study group included 50 subjects (25 Males, 25 Females) with Vitiligo (Mean age-27.4 years) and control group contained 40 age-matched normal hearing subjects. Pure tone audiometry (PTA) with extended high frequency audiometry, Otoacoustic emissions (OAEs), Tympanometry, Auditory brainstem responses (ABR) and Middle latency responses (MLR) were conducted in all subjects...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833862/otological-manifestations-of-nonseptic-lateral-sinus-thrombosis-a-review
#18
M S Vijayashree, B Viswanatha
Nonseptic lateral sinus thrombosis differs from septic lateral sinus thrombosis in that it is not associated with ear or sinus infection. Etiologies of these conditions are different and management of these conditions are different. Nonseptic lateral sinus thrombosis requires medical line of management and anticoagulant therapy where as septic lateral sinus thrombosis treatment involves surgical exploration of the mastoid cavity, sinus decompression, and long-term antibiotic therapy. Mastoid changes are frequently detected on computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging in cases of nonseptic lateral sinus thrombosis...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832005/older-individuals-meeting-medicare-cochlear-implant-candidacy-criteria-in-noise-but-not-in-quiet-are-these-patients-improved-by-surgery
#19
Jordan A Mudery, Ross Francis, Hilary McCrary, Abraham Jacob
OBJECTIVE: To investigate postoperative hearing outcomes in older patients who qualified for cochlear implant (CI) by Medicare criteria using AZBio sentence tests performed in noise but not in quiet. STUDY DESIGN: Review of patient records. SETTING: University-based otology/neurotology practice. PATIENTS: The senior author performed 136 CI between January 2013 and September 2015. Starting in 2013, CI candidacy evaluation included AZBio sentence tests performed in quiet and noise...
November 9, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818543/vascular-loops-in-the-anterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-as-identified-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-their-relationship-with-otologic-symptoms
#20
Luiz de Abreu Junior, Cristina Hiromi Kuniyoshi, Angela Borri Wolosker, Maria Lúcia Borri, Augusto Antunes, Vanessa Kiyomi Arashiro Ota, Daniela Uchida
OBJECTIVE: To use magnetic resonance imaging to identify vascular loops in the anterior inferior cerebellar artery and to evaluate their relationship with otologic symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected 33 adults with otologic complaints who underwent magnetic resonance imaging at our institution between June and November 2013. Three experienced independent observers evaluated the trajectory of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery in relation to the internal auditory meatus and graded the anterior inferior cerebellar artery vascular loops according to the Chavda classification...
September 2016: Radiologia Brasileira
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