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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641322/scuba-diving-and-otology-a-systematic-review-with-recommendations-on-diagnosis-treatment-and-post-operative-care
#1
REVIEW
Devon M Livingstone, Kristine A Smith, Beth Lange
Scuba diving is a popular recreational and professional activity with inherent risks. Complications related to barotrauma and decompression illness can pose significant morbidity to a diver's hearing and balance systems. The majority of dive-related injuries affect the head and neck, particularly the outer, middle and inner ear. Given the high incidence of otologic complications from diving, an evidence-based approach to the diagnosis and treatment of otic pathology is a necessity. We performed a systematic and comprehensive literature review including the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of otologic pathology related to diving...
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635505/social-inequalities-in-pure-tone-hearing-assessed-using-occupational-stratification-schemes
#2
Petra von Gablenz, Inga Holube
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to analyse the performance of two occupational stratification approaches and the impact of social position on adult hearing. DESIGN: The prevalence of hearing impairment, pure-tone averages (PTA) and prevalence ratios (PR) for relative hearing loss, which focuses on the position of one's PTA in the age- and gender-specific distribution, were compared in groups defined by ISCO Skill Level and the International Socio-Economic Index (ISEI)...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609261/nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-diagnostic-challenge-in-a-nonendemic-setting-our-experience-with-101-patients
#3
Kevin H Wang, Stephanie A Austin, Sonia H Chen, David C Sonne, Deepak Gurushanthaiah
INTRODUCTION: We studied the presenting symptoms, time intervals, and workup involved in the diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in an integrated health care system. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all patients with a nasopharyngeal carcinoma diagnosis between 2007 and 2010 at Kaiser Permanente Northern California. Main outcome measures included diagnostic time intervals, presenting symptoms, diagnostic accuracy of nasal endoscopy, imaging, and diagnosis at first otolaryngologist (Oto-HNS) visit...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608552/a-perspective-on-stem-cell-therapy-for-ear-disorders
#4
Rahul Mittal, Hyunseo D Jung, Jeenu Mittal, Adrien A Eshraghi
The use of stem cells in cell-based therapy is an emerging concept for the treatment of ear disorders. Tympanic membrane perforation (TMP) and inner ear disorders are some of the most commonly presented otologic disorders that can benefit from advances in cell-based therapy. Studies have already demonstrated that stem cell-based therapy can potentially be an effective treatment modality for acute and chronic TMP. Recent studies have also shown promise in application of cell-based approach to treat inner ear dysfunction...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599606/clinical-otology
#5
Susan A Small
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598950/drill-induced-cochlear-injury-during-otologic-surgery-intracochlear-pressure-evidence-of-acoustic-trauma
#6
Renee M Banakis Hartl, Jameson K Mattingly, Nathaniel T Greene, Nyssa F Farrell, Samuel P Gubbels, Daniel J Tollin
HYPOTHESIS: Drilling on the incus produces intracochlear pressure changes comparable to pressures created by high-intensity acoustic stimuli. BACKGROUND: New-onset sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) following mastoid surgery can occur secondary to inadvertent drilling on the ossicular chain. To investigate this, we test the hypothesis that high sound pressure levels are generated when a high-speed drill contacts the incus. METHODS: Human cadaveric heads underwent mastoidectomy, and fiber-optic sensors were placed in scala tympani and vestibuli to measure intracochlear pressures (PIC)...
June 8, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597128/the-mo-meatocanalplasty-a-modification-of-the-m-meatoplasty-to-address-the-superior-quadrants-and-the-bony-canal
#7
Joost van Dinther, Andrzej Zarowski, Thomas Somers, Erwin Offeciers
The meatoplasty of the external auditory canal is a frequently performed otologic procedure in recurrent otitis externa, eczema or frequent accumulation of cerumen due to a narrow meatus of the external ear canal. Numerous surgical techniques have been described. The M-meatoplasty described by Mirck for addressing the external meatus is widely used. However, this technique does not sufficiently enlarge the external ear canal in all cases. Specifically in patients where the ear canal narrowing is most prominent in the postero- and/or anterosuperior quadrants of the lateral meatus the technique needs some modifications...
June 9, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596647/audio-vestibular-status-in-cml-patients-on-imatinib-mesylate-with-review-of-literature
#8
Rijuneeta Gupta, Uday Yanamandra, Bhumika Gupta, Naresh K Panda, Subhash Varma, Anu Nagarkar, Pankaj Malhotra
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative neoplasm occasionally presenting with features of leukostasis as primary symptoms. Hearing loss is occasionally reported in CML patients. Further whether Imatinib mesylate has any effect on vestibular functions is not known. We conducted a preliminary study to assess hearing pattern in patients with CML on long term TKI therapy. This is a single center, cross sectional study from northern-India. Patients of CML who were on regular Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) therapy for at least 6 months underwent audiovestibular evaluation ...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594048/-in-vivo-efficacy-of-an-ear-medication-using-gelatin-powder-as-a-vehicle-for-the-therapy-of-canine-otitis-externa
#9
Cosima Bouassiba, Ralf S Mueller
OBJECTIVE: Otitis externa is normally treated with daily topical medication. Longer application intervals may be useful to facilitate therapy. In this study, the in vivo efficacy of a gel preparation containing marbofloxacin, dexamethasone and enilconazole was compared to that of a commercial otologic agent containing marbofloxacin, dexamethasone and clotrimazole based on clinical signs, ear cytology and bacterial/fungal cultures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A gel preparation (group A) or a registered otologic agent (group B), respectively, was applied to 41 dogs...
June 1, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593115/clival-osteomyelitis-presenting-as-a-skull-base-mass
#10
Matthew Michalowicz, Murugappan Ramanathan
Central skull base osteomyelitis is a rare, but potentially life-threatening disease entity often lacking otologic symptoms or external auditory canal pathology. We present a case of a man in his 70s who had developed cranial nerve deficits with radiographic evidence that was consistent with a tumor due to this uncommon entity. The radiologic findings and our experience are discussed to increase awareness in the otolaryngology community.
April 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589110/citelli-s-abscess-following-otitis-media-a-case-report
#11
Anjan-Kumar Sahoo, Chappity Preetam, Dillip-Kumar Samal, Sourav Sarkar
INTRODUCTION: Citelli's abscess is an extratemporal complication of otitis media. It occurs when pus from the mastoid tip trickles down along the posterior belly of the digastric muscle to the occipital and cervical region. It is a very unusual presenting complication of chronic otitis media with no available data in the until now. CASE REPORT: A 10-year-old female was presented to our outpatient department with a 1 month history of hi-grade fever and headache and pain around the left half of the face...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588421/evaluation-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-a-novel-product-for-the-removal-of-impacted-human-cerumen
#12
Douglas Fullington, Jenny Song, Antionette Gilles, Xiaowen Guo, Waley Hua, C Eric Anderson, Joseph Griffin
BACKGROUND: This open-label study evaluated the safety and efficacy of a novel product for the removal of impacted cerumen in adult patients. METHODS: This was a prospective, single-center, single-arm, self-controlled clinical trial conducted in a community general practice setting. The novel product contains glycolic acid in an otologically-acceptable buffer containing sodium bicarbonate and glycerin and other buffering agents. The product was instilled into the ear canal prior to irrigation with warm water...
2017: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583226/magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#13
V A Patel, B S Oberman, T T Zacharia, H Isildak
OBJECTIVES: To identify and evaluate cranial magnetic resonance imaging findings associated with Ménière's disease. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with a documented diagnosis of Ménière's disease and 35 controls underwent 1.5 T or 3 T magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. Patients also underwent otological, vestibular and audiometric examinations. RESULTS: Lack of visualisation of the left and right vestibular aqueducts was identified as statistically significant amongst Ménière's disease patients (left, p = 0...
July 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573831/auditory-and-otologic-profile-of-alstr%C3%A3-m-syndrome-comprehensive-single-center-data-on-38-patients
#14
Spencer Lindsey, Carmen Brewer, Olga Stakhovskaya, Hung Jeffrey Kim, Chris Zalewski, Joy Bryant, Kelly A King, Jürgen K Naggert, William A Gahl, Jan D Marshall, Meral Gunay-Aygun
Alström syndrome (AS) is a rare autosomal recessive ciliopathy caused by mutations in the ALMS1 gene. Hallmark characteristics include childhood onset of severe retinal degeneration, sensorineural hearing loss, obesity, insulin-resistant diabetes, and cardiomyopathy. Here we comprehensively characterize the auditory and otologic manifestations in a prospective case series of 38 individuals, aged 1.7-37.9 years, with genetically confirmed AS. Hearing loss was preceded by retinal dystrophy in all cases, and had an average age of detection of 7...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560034/spontaneous-temporomandibular-joint-herniation-into-the-external-auditory-canal-through-a-patent-foramen-of-huschke-a-case-report
#15
Kyeong Hwa Ryu, Hye Jin Baek, Dong Gu Hur
Temporomandibular joint herniation (TMJ) can be caused by inflammation, trauma, tumor, or otologic procedures. However, spontaneous TMJ herniation can also occur as a result of a congenital bony defect in the external auditory canal (EAC), known as the patent foramen of Huschke (PFH), and occurs in 0.4% of the population. Herein, the authors present a case of spontaneous TMJ herniation through the PFH with clicking tinnitus. The patient underwent the surgical repair of bony defect in the EAC with placement of titanium mesh, and the symptom disappeared after surgery...
June 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553354/construct-face-and-content-validation-on-voxel-man%C3%A2-simulator-for-otologic-surgical-training
#16
M Varoquier, C P Hoffmann, C Perrenot, N Tran, C Parietti-Winkler
Objective. To assess the face, content, and construct validity of the Voxel-Man TempoSurg Virtual Reality simulator. Participants and Methods. 74 ear, nose, and throat (ENT) surgeons participated. They were assigned to one of two groups according to their level of expertise: the expert group (n = 16) and the novice group (n = 58). The participants performed four temporal bone dissection tasks on the simulator. Performances were assessed by a global score and then compared to assess the construct validity of the simulator...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550954/first-trimester-influenza-vaccination-and-risks-for-major-structural-birth-defects-in-offspring
#17
Elyse Olshen Kharbanda, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Paul A Romitti, Allison L Naleway, T Craig Cheetham, Heather S Lipkind, Nicola P Klein, Grace Lee, Michael L Jackson, Simon J Hambidge, Natalie McCarthy, Frank DeStefano, James D Nordin
OBJECTIVE: To examine risks for major structural birth defects in infants after first trimester inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) exposures. STUDY DESIGN: In this observational study, we used electronic health data from 7 Vaccine Safety Datalink sites to examine risks for selected major structural defects in infants after maternal IIV exposure. Vaccine exposures for women with continuous insurance enrollment through pregnancy who delivered singleton live births between 2004 and 2013 were identified from standardized files...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548616/pediatric-superior-semicircular-canal-dehiscence-illustrative-case-and-systematic-review
#18
Carlito Lagman, Vera Ong, Lawrance K Chung, Lekaa Elhajjmoussa, Christina Fong, Anthony C Wang, Quinton Gopen, Isaac Yang
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to present an illustrative case of pediatric superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) and to systematically review the current published literature in the pediatric population. METHODS An electronic search of the Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and Embase databases was performed by 2 independent authors through January 2017. Search term combinations included "pediatrics," "children," "canal," and "dehiscence." Inclusion criteria were as follows: English, full-text clinical studies, case reports, and case series describing pediatric patient(s) (younger than 18 years) with CT evidence of SSCD...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532971/clinical-and-audiological-characteristics-of-1000hz-audiometric-notch-patients
#19
Hyun-Min Lee, Seok-Hyun Kim, Jae-Hwan Jung, Se-Joon Oh, Soo-Keun Kong, Il-Woo Lee
PURPOSE: Among the hearing loss patients, we can confirm that the hearing loss of the specific frequency decreases, such as the 2000Hz notch in otosclerosis and the 4000Hz notch (c5-dip) in noise-induced hearing loss. The 1000Hz notch (c3-dip), however, is rarely studied. We fortuitously encountered a group of patients with a 1kHz hearing loss and report it with a review of the literature. METHODS: Otological history, audiogram, diagnosis, occupation, and history of noise exposure were reviewed from charts and telephone interview, and compared between c3-dip and c5-dip patients (n=98)...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530447/middle-ear-function-and-pathophysiology-in-andean-children-living-at-high-altitudes
#20
S Allen Counter, Leo H Buchanan, Fernando Ortega, Anthony B Jacobs, Göran Laurell
Counter, S. Allen, Leo H. Buchanan, Fernando Ortega, Anthony B. Jacobs, and Göran Laurell. Middle ear function and pathophysiology in Andean children living at high altitudes. High Alt Med Biol. 18:163-170, 2017.-The extent of altitude-related middle ear disorders in children native to high altitudes is unclear. This study examined middle ear pathophysiology in two groups of children living in high-altitude Ecuadorian Andean communities by investigating middle ear pressure (MEP), tympanic membrane compliance (TMC), and ear canal volume (ECV) using tympanometry, and by otological examination...
June 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
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