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Diabetes AND platelets

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641644/-clinical-significance-of-mean-platelet-volume-determination-in-multiple-myeloma
#1
Peng Gao, Zhong-Ping Xiao, Kun Fu, Mei Han
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical significance of mean platelet volume(MPV) in patients with multiple myeloma(MM). METHODS: The clinical data of 198 patients with MM admitted in our hospital from March 2008 to March 2015 were collected and analyzed. The clinical data included the Ig type, hemoglobin level, platelet count, creatinine, calciumion albumin, β2-MG, LDH, plasmocytes in bone marrow, MPV, complications such as diabetes, a history of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and arterial events such as coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, thrombosis and blood clotting...
June 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637879/platelets-express-activated-p2y12-receptor-in-patients-with-diabetes
#2
Liang Hu, Lin Chang, Yan Zhang, Lili Zhai, Shenghui Zhang, Zhiyong Qi, Hongmei Yan, Yan Yan, Xinping Luo, Si Zhang, Yiping Wang, Satya P Kunapuli, Hongying Ye, Zhongren Ding
Background -Platelets from patients with diabetes are hyperactive. Hyperactivated platelets may contribute to cardiovascular complications and inadequate responses to antiplatelet agents in the setting of diabetes. However, the underlying mechanism of hyperactivated platelets is not completely understood. Methods -We measured P2Y12 expression on platelets from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and on platelets from rats with diabetes. We also assayed platelet P2Y12 activation by measuring cAMP and VASP phosphorylation...
June 21, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633762/usefulness-of-mean-platelet-volume-to-lymphocyte-ratio-for-predicting-angiographic-no-reflow-and-short-term-prognosis-after-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#3
Alparslan Kurtul, Sadik Kadri Acikgoz
Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) is associated with improved prognosis in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, no-reflow phenomenon limits the benefit of revascularization and predicts adverse outcomes. The specific mechanism for its occurrence is still not entirely clear, and it is believed at present that platelet activation and inflammation play a pivotal role in developing no-reflow. Both increased mean platelet volume (MPV), which is a platelet activation marker, and lymphopenia, which is an inflammation marker, have been linked to adverse events and poor prognosis after STEMI...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625266/-risk-factors-of-deep-venous-thrombosis-associated-with-peripherally-inserted-central-venous-catheter-in-upper-extremity-in-icu
#4
Ning Zhao, Jiale Zhang, Ting Jiang, Xia Chen, Jianning Wang, Chengzhi Ding, Fen Liu, Kejian Qian, Rong Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence and its risk factors of peripherally inserted central venous catheter related upper extremity deep venous thrombosis (PICC-UEDVT) in intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Clinical data of the patients received PICCs in ICU of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from August 2013 to August 2016 were retrospectively analysed. The inclusion criteria in the study included: the age > 18 years old, catheter indwelling time > 1 week and the complete relevant information...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620089/development-and-validation-of-risk-prediction-equations-to-estimate-survival-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-cohort-study
#5
Julia Hippisley-Cox, Carol Coupland
Objective To develop and externally validate risk prediction equations to estimate absolute and conditional survival in patients with colorectal cancer. Design Cohort study.Setting General practices in England providing data for the QResearch database linked to the national cancer registry.Participants 44 145 patients aged 15-99 with colorectal cancer from 947 practices to derive the equations. The equations were validated in 15 214 patients with colorectal cancer from 305 different QResearch practices and 437 821 patients with colorectal cancer from the national cancer registry...
June 15, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619996/farnesoid-x-receptor-and-liver-x-receptor-ligands-initiate-formation-of-coated-platelets
#6
Amanda J Unsworth, Alexander P Bye, Dionne S Tannetta, Michael J R Desborough, Neline Kriek, Tanya Sage, Harriet E Allan, Marilena Crescente, Parveen Yaqoob, Timothy D Warner, Chris I Jones, Jonathan M Gibbins
OBJECTIVES: The liver X receptors (LXRs) and farnesoid X receptor (FXR) have been identified in human platelets. Ligands of these receptors have been shown to have nongenomic inhibitory effects on platelet activation by platelet agonists. This, however, seems contradictory with the platelet hyper-reactivity that is associated with several pathological conditions that are associated with increased circulating levels of molecules that are LXR and FXR ligands, such as hyperlipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and obesity...
June 15, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615358/it-s-reticulated-diabetes-atherosclerosis-and-reticulated-platelets
#7
Kathryn Dupnik
New research describes regulatory pathways for reticulated thrombocytosis in a mouse model of diabetes.
June 14, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603135/report-impact-of-drug-combination-of-clopidogrel-and-pantoprazole-in-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-transient-ischemic-attack
#8
Min Lu
The study aimed to investigate the impact of clopidogrel combined with proton pump inhibitors (PPI) pantoprazole treatment on the prognosis of patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA). A total of 478 cases of TIA patients treated with clopidogrel were randomly assigned half to clopidogrel combined with pantoprazole treatment and the control groups (clopidogrel treatment alone) from January 2012 to January 20l4. The platelet aggregation before and after treatment and cerebrovascular events incidence within 90 days were compared and analyzed...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597418/influence-of-led-light-spectra-on-in-vitro-somatic-embryogenesis-and-lc-ms-analysis-of-chlorogenic-acid-and-rutin-in-peucedanum-japonicum-thunb-a-medicinal-herb
#9
Chia-Chen Chen, Dinesh Chandra Agrawal, Maw-Rong Lee, Ren-Jye Lee, Chao-Lin Kuo, Chi-Rei Wu, Hsin-Sheng Tsay, Hung-Chi Chang
BACKGROUND: Peucedanum japonicum Thunb, an important medicinal herb is reported to possess pharmacological properties such as anti-obesity, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-diabetic and anti-platelet aggregation. The present study aimed to develop an in vitro plant regeneration system of P. japonicum via somatic embryogenesis and to analyse chlorogenic acid and rutin contents in a few commercially available plant products of P. japonicum in Japan and Taiwan markets, and tissue culture plants derived from somatic embryos...
December 2016: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592700/thrombosis-in-diabetes-a-shear-flow-effect
#10
REVIEW
Erik Westein, Thomas Hoefer, Anna C Calkin
Cardiovascular events are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in Type 2 diabetes (T2D). This condition is associated with heightened platelet reactivity, contributing to increased atherothrombotic risk. Indeed, individuals with diabetes respond inadequately to standard antiplatelet therapy. Furthermore, they often experience recurrent events as well as side effects that include excess bleeding. This highlights the need for identification of novel regulators of diabetes-associated thrombosis to target for therapeutic intervention...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589365/variability-of-platelet-response-to-clopidogrel-is-not-related-to-adverse-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#11
Szymon Olędzki, Zdzisława Kornacewicz-Jach, Krzysztof Safranow, Radosław Kiedrowicz, Barbara Gawrońska-Szklarz, Maria Jastrzębska, Jarosław Gorący
BACKGROUND: Antiplatelet response to clopidogrel and its influence upon the risk of cardiovascular adverse events among patients with stable coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been investigated fully. METHODS: Two hundred eleven patients treated with aspirin and clopidogrel were included in the study. Immediately before PCI, residual platelet reactivity testing with impedance aggregometry assay and a single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping analysis targeting variants of CYP2C19, ABCB1, and PON1 genes was performed...
June 6, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588426/effects-of-ramadan-fasting-on-platelet-reactivity-in-diabetic-patients-treated-with-clopidogrel
#12
W Bouida, H Baccouche, M Sassi, Z Dridi, T Chakroun, I Hellara, R Boukef, M Hassine, F Added, R Razgallah, I Khochtali, S Nouira
BACKGROUND: The effects of Ramadan fasting (RF) on clopidogrel antiplatelet inhibition were not previously investigated. The present study evaluated the influence of RF on platelet reactivity in patients with high cardiovascular risk (CVR) in particular those with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: A total of 98 stable patients with ≥2 CVR factors were recruited. All patients observed RF and were taking clopidogrel at a maintenance dose of 75 mg. Clinical findings and serum lipids data were recorded before Ramadan (Pre-R), at the last week of Ramadan (R) and 4 weeks after the end of Ramadan (Post-R)...
2017: Thrombosis Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584908/the-ep3-receptor-gz-signaling-axis-as-a-therapeutic-target-for-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease
#13
Michael D Schaid, Jaclyn A Wisinski, Michelle E Kimple
Cardiovascular disease is a common co-morbidity found with obesity-linked type 2 diabetes. Current pharmaceuticals for these two diseases treat each of them separately. Yet, diabetes and cardiovascular disease share molecular signaling pathways that are increasingly being understood to contribute to disease pathophysiology, particularly in pre-clinical models. This review will focus on one such signaling pathway: that mediated by the G protein-coupled receptor, Prostaglandin E2 Receptor 3 (EP3), and its associated G protein in the insulin-secreting beta-cell and potentially the platelet, Gz...
June 5, 2017: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574378/-impact-of-atorvastatin-and-rosuvastatin-on-residual-on-clopidogrel-treatment-platelet-reactivity-in-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-after-acute-coronary-syndrome
#14
T Ovrakh, S Serik, O Kochubiei
In patients with ischemic heart disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus in 4-6 weeks after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) on stable dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and clopidogrel co-adminstrated with rosuvastatin residual platelet reactivity on adenosine diphosphate was higher than in patients receiving atorvastatin. However, the rate of high residual on-clopidogrel treatment platelet reactivity (RCPR) in rosuvastatin-treated patients exceeded the rate of high RCPR in atorvastatin-treated patients insignificantly...
April 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571494/cardiovascular-pleiotropic-effects-of-statins-and-new-onset-diabetes-is-there-a-common-link-do-we-need-to-evaluate-the-role-of-katp-channels
#15
Devindra Sehra, Sudhish Sehra, Shiv Tej Sehra
Statins are considered the main stay of treatment in the prevention of cardio-vascular morbidity and mortality. They have multiple pleiotropic effects, like stabilization of atherosclerotic plaques, inhibition of platelet aggregation, and vascular smooth muscle proliferation; in addition to their lipid lowering action. Statins manifest these pleiotropic effects because they activate KATP channels in the cardiac and vascular tissue. Simultaneous activation of the KATP channels by statins in β cells of pancreas may inhibit insulin release which may lead to diabetes...
June 13, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571169/significance-of-platelet-volume-indices-in-stemi-patients-a-case-control-study
#16
Sravan K Reddy, Ranjan Shetty, Srujitha Marupuru, Nishanth Yedavalli, Kiran Shetty
INTRODUCTION: Platelets have been well known contributors in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disorders such as atherosclerosis and its complications such as acute Myocardial Infarction (MI). AIM: To study the changes in platelet volume indices and platelet count in ST-Elevated Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) and assess their usefulness in predicting coronary events. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control observational study was carried out on 173 cases diagnosed with STEMI and 191 controls from January 2015 to December 2015, considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569217/platelets-diabetes-and-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#17
REVIEW
Isabella Russo, Claudia Penna, Tiziana Musso, Jasmin Popara, Giuseppe Alloatti, Franco Cavalot, Pasquale Pagliaro
Mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of ischemia/reperfusion injury are particularly complex, multifactorial and highly interconnected. A complex and entangled interaction is also emerging between platelet function, antiplatelet drugs, coronary diseases and ischemia/reperfusion injury, especially in diabetic conditions. Here we briefly summarize features of antiplatelet therapy in type 2 diabetes (T2DM). We also treat the influence of T2DM on ischemia/reperfusion injury and how anti-platelet therapies affect post-ischemic myocardial damage through pleiotropic properties not related to their anti-aggregating effects...
May 31, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566776/infected-nonunion-of-tibia
#18
Milind Madhav Chaudhary
Infected nonunions of tibia pose many challenges to the treating surgeon and the patient. Challenges include recalcitrant infection, complex deformities, sclerotic bone ends, large bone gaps, shortening, and joint stiffness. They are easy to diagnose and difficult to treat. The ASAMI classification helps decide treatment. The nonunion severity score proposed by Calori measures many parameters to give a prognosis. The infection severity score uses simple clinical signs to grade severity of infection. This determines number of surgeries and allows choice of hardware, either external or internal for definitive treatment...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564655/aqueous-humor-levels-of-soluble-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-receptor-and-inflammatory-factors-in-diabetic-macular-edema
#19
Hidetaka Noma, Tatsuya Mimura, Kanako Yasuda, Ryosuke Motohashi, Osamu Kotake, Masahiko Shimura
Aqueous levels of soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (sVEGFR) and inflammatory factors were measured in 35 patients (37 eyes) with diabetic macular edema (DME) receiving anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy. Aqueous levels of growth factors (VEGF, placental growth factor [PlGF], and platelet-derived growth factor AA [PDGF-AA]), sVEGFR-1 and -2, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1, monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1, interleukin (IL)-6, -8, -12, and -13, and interferon-inducible 10-kDa protein (IP-10) were significantly higher in the DME group than in the nondiabetic control group...
June 1, 2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556866/model-for-risk-based-screening-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-people-with-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Irini Chatziralli, Theodoros N Sergentanis, Roxanne Crosby-Nwaobi, Kirsty Winkley, Haralabos Eleftheriadis, Khalida Ismail, Stephanie A Amiel, Sobha Sivaprasad
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of inflammatory/lipid markers and potential risk factors for diabetic retinopathy (DR) development in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: Participants in this study were 1062 patients with newly diagnosed T2DM. Demographic and clinical data of patients were collected. Assessment of DR status was performed using digital two-field photography. In addition, HbA1c (%), lipid profile, and urinary albumin were measured at recruitment...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
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