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Pneumology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771037/-association-between-airborne-pollen-distribution-and-allergic-diseases-in-beijing-urban-area
#1
X Y Wang, Z M Tian, H Y Ning, X Y Wang
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of airborne pollen in urban Beijing area on the consultation rate of allergic diseases. Method: A modified pollen sampler was used to monitor the distribution of main airborne pollen during Jan 1st 2015 to Dec 31 2015.The consultation rate of allergic rhinitis and asthma was obtained meanwhile among allergy, ENT and pneumology department. Relationship between pollen and consultation rate was analyzed by Pearson index. Result: ①Through the whole year of 2015 the total quantity of pollens amounted to 76164 grains...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729121/predictive-equations-for-respiratory-muscle-strength-by-anthropometric-variables
#2
Fernanda Figueiroa Sanchez, Cássio Daniel Araújo da Silva, Maria Clara de Souza Pereira Gama Maciel, Jamilly Rebouças Demósthenes Marques, Elisa Brosina de Leon, Roberta Lins Gonçalves
Recent studies have pointed out divergences in the predictive quality of reference equations for respiratory muscle strength, alerting the need to introduce into these equations specific variables for certain target populations. OBJECTIVES: Propose predictive equations of respiratory muscle strength by the variables Body Weight and Body Mass Index (BMI = weight / height²). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study, the evaluation was made by the Test of Maximum Static Respiratory Pressures (MIP e MEP) according to standard protocol of the Brazilian Society of Pneumology and Tisiology...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701372/unusual-behavior-of-a-lung-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-case-report
#3
Cristina Rodrigues, Daniel Cabral, Teresa Almodovar, Analisa Ribeiro, Diogo Delgado, Leonor Mota, Samuel Mendes, Magda Alvoeiro, Carolina Torres, Telma Calado, Mariana Antunes, Francisco Félix
INTRODUCTION: 55 years old, male patient. History of heavy smoking (65 UMA) and COPD. Admitted to hospital due to a left pneumonia. Thoracic CT and PET-Scan, showed left lower lobe mass measuring 92x89 mm (SUVmax 49). Several mediastinal node groups presented increased uptake of FDG. A fiberoptic bronchoscopy was performed. Citology of the bronchoalveolar lavage suggested a squamous carcinoma. EBUS of node stations 4R, 4L e 7 without evidence of malignancy. METHODS: The case was taken to a multidisciplinary meeting staged as IIIA (T3N2M0)...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692606/geographic-variations-of-the-prevalence-and-distribution-of-copd-phenotypes-in-spain-the-espiral-es-study
#4
Bernardino Alcázar-Navarrete, Juan Antonio Trigueros, Juan Antonio Riesco, Anna Campuzano, Joselín Pérez
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of COPD phenotypes at a national level and to determine their geographic distribution among different autonomous communities in Spain. Patients and methods: A total of 1,610 patients (82% men, median age 67 years) recruited in primary care centers and pneumology services participated in an observational, cross-sectional, and multicenter study. Phenotypes evaluated were the non-exacerbator phenotype, the asthma-COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS), the exacerbator phenotype with emphysema, and the exacerbator phenotype with chronic bronchitis...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658947/pulmonary-sequestration-associated-with-congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformation
#5
Zahira A De León-Ureña, Stanislaw Sadowinski-Pine, Lourdes Jamaica-Balderas, Jaime Penchyna-Grub
Introduction: Congenital pulmonary malformations are a rare cause of neonatal morbidity. Some of them have a common origin, which allows the identification of combined lesions. Its diagnosis can be made prenatally by ultrasound, with the limitation that this study is performed in specialized centers and depends on the expertise of the operator. The association of pulmonary sequestration and congenital malformation of the airway has been described in approximately 40-60 cases since its first description in 1949...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627293/-tuberculous-pseudotumour-a-challenging-diagnosis
#6
H Snene, A Ben Mansour, S Toujani, N Ben Salah, M Mjid, Y Ouahchi, N Mehiri, M Beji, J Cherif, B Louzir
INTRODUCTION: The pseudotumorous form of tuberculosis is a rare entity. Whatever its location, it can simulate neoplasia by its radiological and/or endoscopic appearances. We highlight the diagnostic difficulties associated with this type of presentation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of inpatient records from 2003 to 2016 in the pneumology department of La Rabta Hospital to identify cases of thoracic tuberculous pseudo-tumor. RESULTS: Seventeen patients were identified...
April 5, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610591/does-phantom-tumor-really-exist
#7
Dan-Nicolae Tesloianu, Mihaela Chioarta, Dana Corduneanu, Andreea-Mihaela Ignat, Antoniu Octavian Petris, Anda Tesloianu
Localized interlobar effusion in congestive heart failure (known as phantom tumor or vanishing tumor of the lung) is an uncommon entity. We report a case of a 61-year-old man who presented to the Emergency Departament with a two week history of dyspnoea, palpitations, dry cough and intermitent anterior chest pain. A posteroanterior chest radiography showed a nodular mass in the medium third of the right hemithorax suggestive of a pulmonary tumor. With this supposition of diagnosis, the patient was admitted to the Pneumology Departament for further investigations...
December 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565105/white-book-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-prm-in-europe-chapter-4-history-of-the-specialty-where-prm-comes-from
#8
(no author information available yet)
In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) in Europe, this paper deals with the history of the PRM medical specialty. The specialty evolved in different European countries, and sometimes also into the single countries, from different medical streams that finally joined. These included among others: balneology, gymnastic, use of physical agents (water, heat, cold, massage, joint manipulations, physical exercise, etc.). Another important role has been played by the increasing number of people experiencing or likely to experience disability due to improvement of medicine and consequent survivals from wars, accidents and/or big infective epidemics (like polio); these evolutions happened in strict relationship with other specialties like cardiology, neurology, orthopaedics, pneumology, rheumatology, traumatology, creating a knowledge transversal to all of them...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523017/-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-copd-patients-issued-by-the-german-respiratory-society-and-the-german-atemwegsliga-in-cooperation-with-the-austrian-society-of-pneumology
#9
C Vogelmeier, R Buhl, O Burghuber, C-P Criée, S Ewig, J Godnic-Cvar, S Hartl, F Herth, P Kardos, K Kenn, D Nowak, K F Rabe, M Studnicka, H Watz, T Welte, W Windisch, H Worth
This document is a revision of the guideline for diagnosis and treatment of COPD that replaces the version from 2007. A multitude of recent reports regarding risk factors, diagnosis, assessment, prevention and pharmacological as well as non-pharmacological treatment options made a major revision mandatory. The new guideline is based on the GOLD document taking into account specifics in Germany and Austria.
April 2018: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436403/chronic-interstitial-lung-disease-in-children
#10
REVIEW
Matthias Griese
Children's interstitial lung diseases (chILD) are increasingly recognised and contain many lung developmental and genetic disorders not yet identified in adult pneumology. Worldwide, several registers have been established. The Australasian Registry Network for Orphan Lung Disease (ARNOLD) has identified problems in estimating rare disease prevalence; focusing on chILD in immunocompetent patients, a period prevalence of 1.5 cases per million children and a mortality rate of 7% were determined. The chILD-EU register highlighted the workload to be covered per patient included and provided protocols for diagnosis and initial treatment, similar to the United States chILD network...
March 31, 2018: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424199/primary-synchronous-small-and-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-the-same-lung-lobe-a-case-report
#11
Anton Dzian, Fúčela Ivan, Huťka Zdenko, Szépe Peter
Synchronous multiple primary lung cancer (SMPLC) means tumours present at the same time, which are separate and have different histology. We present the case of a 66-year-old patient with a combination of small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) with adenocarcinoma in the same lobe with metastasis of SCLC in the mediastinal lymph node. This is a rare case. We performed a standard left upper video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy with mediastinal lymphadenectomy and adjuvant therapy targeted to SCLC was administered...
December 14, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416364/the-preventive-effect-on-respiratory-tract-infections-of-oscillococcinum-%C3%A2-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#12
Giorgio L Colombo, Sergio Di Matteo, Chiara Martinotti, Martina Oselin, Giacomo M Bruno, Gianfranco M Beghi
Background: Anas barbariae hepatis et cordis extractum 200K (Oscillococcinum® ) is used to treat and prevent seasonal colds and airway inflammatory affections, improve symptom control, and reduce the frequency of respiratory tract infection (RTI) episodes. The objective of this controlled observational study is to investigate, from the Italian National Health Service (NHS) point of view, the role of Anas barbariae hepatis et cordis extractum 200K in preventing RTIs and estimate the annual average cost per patient due to visits and medicines in a real-world setting, investigating whether this method of treatment can bring savings for the NHS...
2018: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334688/-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-asthma-guideline-of-the-german-respiratory-society-and-the-german-atemwegsliga-in-cooperation-with-the-paediatric-respiratory-society-and-the-austrian-society-of-pneumology
#13
R Buhl, R Bals, X Baur, D Berdel, C-P Criée, M Gappa, A Gillissen, T Greulich, P Haidl, E Hamelmann, P Kardos, K Kenn, L Klimek, S Korn, M Lommatzsch, H Magnussen, T Nicolai, D Nowak, O Pfaar, K F Rabe, J Riedler, T Ritz, K Schultz, A Schuster, T Spindler, C Taube, K Taube, C Vogelmeier, A von Leupold, F Wantke, S Weise, J Wildhaber, H Worth, A Zacharasiewicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329933/combined-hepatic-and-pulmonary-metastasectomies-from-colorectal-carcinoma-data-from-the-prospective-spanish-registry-2008-2010
#14
Jose R Jarabo, Ana M Gómez, Joaquín Calatayud, Carlos A Fraile, Elena Fernández, Nuria Pajuelo, Raul Embún, Laureano Molins, Juan J Rivas, Florentino Hernando
INTRODUCTION: Resection of both liver and lung metastases from colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is a standard of care in selected patients with oligometastatic disease. We present here the analysis of the subgroup of patients undergoing combined surgery from the Spanish Group of Surgery of Pulmonary Metastases (PM) from Colorectal Carcinoma (GECMP-CCR-SEPAR). METHODS: We analyze characteristics, survival and prognostic factors of patients undergoing combined resection from March-2008 to February-2010 and followed-up during at least 3 years, from the prospective multicenter Spanish Registry...
April 2018: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324936/the-impact-of-lung-perfusion-scintigraphy-in-the-emergency-management-of-patients-with-suspected-pulmonary-embolism
#15
Cristina Ferrari, Alessandra Cimino, Giacomo Bianco, Francesca Iuele, Alessandra Di Palo, Margherita Fanelli, Artor Niccoli-Asabella, Giuseppe Rubini
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary Embolism (PE) is an emergency condition that requires immediate treatment. As the symptoms and the risk factors are nonspecific, PE differential diagnosis is often required. Even if angio-CT is considered the gold standard for PE diagnosis, the frequent allergic condition and/or chronic renal failure of patients make, in most cases, not possible the use of contrast enhancement in emergency with even more increasing use of Lung Perfusion Scintigraphy (LPS), as a simple and fast examination with no preparation/contraindication...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322217/-functional-diagnostics-in-pneumology
#16
REVIEW
M Held, S Baron, B Jany
Alongside imaging techniques, pulmonary function testing helps in the diagnosis of underlying disorders such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or fibrosing lung disease. However, disease severity grading is also important, as well as disease follow-up under therapy. The value of spirometry as a first-line diagnostic test, whole-body plethysmography in advanced diagnostics, the measurement of transfer factor, as well as blood gas analysis are outlined. The importance of spiroergometry, echocardiography, and right-heart catheterization, particularly in the functional assessment of pulmonary vascular disorders, is described...
January 2018: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311077/posaconazole-tablets-in-real-life-lung-transplantation-impact-on-exposure-drug-drug-interactions-and-drug-management-in-lung-transplant-patients-including-those-with-cystic-fibrosis
#17
Manon Launay, Antoine Roux, Laurence Beaumont, Benoit Douvry, Lucien Lecuyer, Emmanuel Douez, Clément Picard, Dominique Grenet, Vincent Jullien, Véronique Boussaud, Romain Guillemain, Eliane M Billaud
Appropriate exposure to posaconazole (PSZ) has been limited until the recent approval of the delayed-release oral tablet formulation. Our goal was to determine the exposure obtained by using the standard dose of 300 mg once a day in lung transplant (LT) patients, including patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). PSZ trough concentrations ( C 0 ) were determined using a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry assay. Indicative thresholds of interest were <0.7 mg/liter for prophylaxis and 1 to 3 mg/liter for cure...
March 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306672/the-bronchiectasis-severity-index-and-faced-score-for-assessment-of-the-severity-of-bronchiectasis
#18
J C Costa, J N Machado, C Ferreira, J Gama, C Rodrigues
INTRODUCTION: Bronchiectasis (BC) is a multidimensional and etiologically diverse disease and, therefore, no single parameter can be used to determine its overall severity and prognosis. In this regard, two different validated scores are currently used to assess the severity of non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB): the FACED score and the Bronchiectasis Severity Index (BSI). OBJECTIVE: To describe the etiology of NCFB and compare the results of the assessment of NCFB severity obtained via FACED and BSI scores...
January 3, 2018: Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303293/-the-role-of-bronchology-in-pneumological-diagnostics
#19
František Salajka
Bronchoscopic examination has a key role in diagnosing or further specifying of a broad spectrum of respiratory diseases. Although classic bronchoscopy with its rigid instrumentation still upholds its position, the vast majority of procedures are performed with flexible bronchoscopes. Diagnostic possibilities are broadened by new technical findings and procedures, such as endobronchial ultrasonography, examination through autofluorescence, navigated bronchoscopy and others. The material for cytological, microbiological or other examinations can be sampled through a whole number of procedures using specialized instruments...
December 0: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303281/-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-can-we-always-diagnose-and-treat-it-right
#20
Martina Vašáková
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a severe pulmonary disease characterized by fibrotisation of lung tissue based on pathological healing of alveolar lesions. The disease is initiated in individuals of middle and older age who have a genetical disposition to fibroproliferation. Clinical presentation is not uniform. The patients can have a rapidly progressive disease, eventually severe acute exacerbations, however some of them can have relatively benign course of the disease. Problems in diagnosis are usually caused by atypical radiologic findings and no or nondiagnostic lung biopsy...
December 0: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
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