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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837085/consumption-of-energy-drinks-among-undergraduate-students-in-taiwan-related-factors-and-associations-with-substance-use
#1
Yen-Jung Chang, Ching-Yi Peng, Yu-Ching Lan
Background: This study aimed to investigate the consumption of energy drinks and associated factors among undergraduate students in Taiwan. Methods: Data came from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2015. Eligible participants completed a self-administered questionnaire assessing use and perceptions of energy drinks, tobacco, alcohol, and betel nut. Results: Among 606 surveyed undergraduate students, 24.8% reported consuming energy drinks in the past 30 days. The major reasons for use included keeping alert at work (48...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831213/cuticular-surface-damage-of-ascaridia-galli-adult-worms-treated-with-veitchia-merrillii-betel-nuts-extract-in-vitro
#2
Ummu Balqis, Muhammad Hambal, Rinidar, Farida Athaillah, Ismail, Azhar, Henni Vanda, Darmawi
AIM: The objective of this research was to in vitro evaluate the cuticular surface damage of Ascaridia galli adult worms treated with ethanolic extract of betel nuts Veitchia merrillii. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Phytochemical screening was done using FeCl3, Wagner and Dragendorff reagents, NaOH, MgHCl, and Liebermann-Burchard reaction test. Amount of 16 worms were segregated into four groups with three replicates. Four worms of each group submerged into phosphate buffered saline, 25 mg/ml, and 75 mg/ml crude ethanolic extract of V...
July 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828766/perspective-on-health-seeking-behavior-of-patients-with-oropharyngeal-cancers-from-a-pakistani-background
#3
Maria Shoaib, Syed Ahsanuddin Ahmed, Syed Muhammad Waqar, Zainab Abbasi, Farah Hafiz Yusuf
Oropharyngeal cancers are the most common cancers of head neck region, they are placed amongst the top ten malignancies globally and around 40% of all the cancers in South and South East Asia. Patient's personal behaviour impacts causality more than the environmental factors in the pathology and prognosis of this particular cancer. In our country risk factors are based on poor infrastructure of the health care system, illiteracy, poor socioeconomic status, Betel nut and quid, smokeless and smoke tobacco. We recommend that an active precautionary approach is required to restrict the rising incidence in the oral cancers, particularly due to culturally related risk habits and reluctance to seek early healthcare amongst our people...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758200/endoscopic-screening-for-synchronous-esophageal-neoplasia-among-patients-with-incident-head-and-neck-cancer-prevalence-risk-factors-and-outcomes
#4
Yao-Kuang Wang, Yun-Shiuan Chuang, Tzung-Shiun Wu, Ka-Wo Lee, Che-Wei Wu, Hsiang-Chen Wang, Chie-Tong Kuo, Chien-Hung Lee, Wen-Rei Kuo, Chung-Ho Chen, Deng-Chyang Wu, I-Chen Wu
Esophageal squamous-cell neoplasia (ESCN) is a common second primary neoplasia found in patients with head-and-neck squamous-cell carcinoma (HNSCC). This study sought to identify the risk factors for synchronous ESCN and how they influence survival in HNSCC patient. Eight hundred and fifteen incident HNSCC patients were prospectively recruited for endoscopy screening for ESCN using white-light imaging, narrow-band imaging, Lugol chromoendoscopy, and pathological confirmation. Associated lifestyle and clinicopathological data were collected...
July 30, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756939/bacteriology-of-peritonsillar-abscess-the-changing-trend-and-predisposing-factors
#5
Yi-Wen Tsai, Yu-Hsi Liu, Hsing-Hao Su
INTRODUCTION: Peritonsillar abscess (PTA) is the most common deep neck infection. The infectious microorganism may be different according to clinical factors. OBJECTIVE: To identify the major causative pathogen of peritonsillar abscess and investigate the relationship between the causative pathogen, host clinical factors, and hospitalization duration. METHODS: This retrospective study included 415 hospitalized patients diagnosed with peritonsillar abscess who were admitted to a tertiary medical center from June 1990 to June 2013...
July 17, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731854/oral-submucous-fibrosis-in-a-school-going-indian-adolescent-boy
#6
Vishal Khandelwal, Hallaswamy V Kambalimath, Naveen B Reddy, Sushma Khandelwal, Vanaja Reddy, Nitu Gupta
A 14-year-old boy presented to our hospital with a chief complaint of difficulty in opening his mouth and a burning sensation on eating spicy food. The oral mucosa showed generalized diffused blanching and he was unable to protrude his tongue. For 6 years he had habitually chewed gutkha - a mixture of betel nut and tobacco for several minutes a day. This oral submucous fibrosis condition is very rare in young patients. The case highlights the link between oral submucous fibrosis and the regular use of areca nut (gutkha) products in a young boy...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704075/arecoline-cannot-alter-testicular-dysfunction-and-pineal-activation-caused-by-noise-in-wistar-rat
#7
Indraneel Saha, Aniruddha Chatterjee, Urmi Chatterji, B R Maiti
Millions of people consume betel nut for increased capacity to work and for stress reduction. The nut contains arecoline, which has multiple side effects on endocrine functions. Objective of the work is to investigate pineal-testicular responses to noise and after arecoline treatment in noise in rats. Noise exposure (100 dB, 6 h daily, 10 days) caused pineal stimulation ultrastructurally and at indoleamines level. Leydig cell dysfunction with fall of testosterone level and suppression of sex accessories were noticed...
July 13, 2017: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678534/confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-structural-equation-modeling-of-socio-cultural-constructs-among-chamorro-and-non-chamorro-micronesian-betel-nut-chewers
#8
Kelle L Murphy, Min Liu, Thaddeus A Herzog
OBJECTIVES: Betel nut chewing is embedded within the cultures of South Asia, and Southeast Asia, and the Western Pacific. The determinants of betel nut consumption are complex. Ongoing consumption of betel nut is affected by cultural, social, and drug-specific effects (i.e. dependence). This study's first objective was to assess the psychometric properties (i.e. reliability and validity) of the socio-cultural constructs in a survey developed for betel nut chewers. The study's second objective was to investigate the influence of socio-cultural variables on betel nut chewing behaviors among Chamorro and non-Chamorro Micronesians in Guam...
July 5, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653927/detection-of-interleukins-6-and-8-in-saliva-as-potential-biomarkers-of-oral-pre-malignant-lesion-and-oral-carcinoma-a-breakthrough-in-salivary-diagnostics-in-pakistan
#9
Iqbal A Muhammad Khyani, Masood A Qureshi, Talat Mirza, M Umar Farooq
Oral cancer is at rise in our population due to increasing use of areca nut (Betel nut) with or without tobacco. It is the second frequent malignant tumour for both the gender in Pakistan. This non-interventional case control study was carried out with the aim to explore saliva as diagnostic medium for detecting interleukins (IL) 6 and 8 as biomarkers of pre-malignant lesions (PML) and oral carcinoma. Total 105 subjects were recruited and were divided into three groups "A", "B" and "C" each comprising of 35 subjects...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616897/alcohol-and-other-substance-use-among-a-sample-of-young-people-in-the-solomon-islands
#10
Brendan Quinn, Elizabeth Peach, Cassandra J C Wright, Megan S C Lim, Lisa Davidson, Paul Dietze
OBJECTIVE: Investigate alcohol and other substance use, with a focus on harmful alcohol use patterns, among young people in the Solomon Islands. METHODS: A structured, interviewer-administered questionnaire was administered to respondents aged 15-24 years across four of the country's provinces in late 2015. RESULTS: Four hundred young people completed the questionnaire across urban, peri-urban and rural communities. The most common substances ever used by participants were betel nut (94%), licit/store-bought and/or illicit alcohol (79%) and tobacco (76%)...
June 14, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608829/providing-a-clean-environment-for-adolescents-evaluation-of-the-tobacco-hazards-prevention-act-in-taiwan
#11
Min-Li Chen, Li-Na Chou, Ya-Cheng Zheng
Cigarette smoking not only damages the health of adolescents, but also contributes to air pollution. The Tobacco Hazards Prevention Act in Taiwan stipulates that cigarettes should not be sold to persons younger than 18 years. Therefore, schools should actively educate students and raise awareness of the Tobacco Hazards Prevention Act to reduce the level of damage to the health of adolescents and maintain good air quality. This study had two main goals: (1) to evaluate the stipulation that no person shall provide tobacco products to persons under the age of 18 and the effects of counseling strategies on store managers confirming customer ages before tobacco sale in southern Taiwan; and (2) to evaluate the situation of tobacco hazard prevention education conducted by school in southern Taiwan...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607245/opportunities-in-oral-health-policy-for-timor-leste
#12
Lucio F Babo Soares, Silvana S Bettiol, Isaac J Dalla-Fontana, Penny Allen, Leonard A Crocombe
Timor-Leste faces an urgent set of challenges in oral health. The impact of oral diseases in terms of reduced quality of life and cost of treatment is considerable. This paper reviews progress on policy recommendations since the National Oral Health Survey in 2002, the first such national survey. Few proposals have been implemented to date, owing to (i) lack of local support for the recommendations, particularly on promotion of oral health; (ii) lack of financial and budgetary provisions for oral health; (iii) lack of focus on services, human resources and dental personnel; (iv) poor focus, design and implementation of policy and planning in oral health; and (v) lack of transport to facilitate health-care workers' access to remote areas...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580560/-a-symbol-of-connectedness-between-the-self-and-the-tribal-home-betel-quid-in-the-lives-of-indigenous-taiwanese
#13
Wei-Fen Ma, Chia-Ing Li, Ellen R Gritz, Irene Tamí-Maury, Cho Lam, Cheng-Chieh Lin
BACKGROUND: Betel quid chewing plays a significant role in the development of oral cancer, yet the high prevalence of betel quid use remains a serious health problem in Taiwan, especially among indigenous Taiwanese. PURPOSE: The present study aimed to understand the reasons behind betel-quid chewing among indigenous Taiwanese people by examining the larger context of their culture and traditions. METHODS: This descriptive, qualitative study recruited ten regular betel quid indigenous chewers using purposive and snowball sampling...
June 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573260/trend-analysis-of-betel-nut-associated-oral-cancer-%C3%A2-and-health-burden-in-china
#14
Yan Jia Hu, Jie Chen, Wai Sheng Zhong, Tian You Ling, Xin Chun Jian, Ruo Huang Lu, Zhan Gui Tang, Lin Tao
OBJECTIVE: To forecast the future trend of betel nut-associated oral cancer and the resulting burden on health based on historical oral cancer patient data in Hunan province, China. METHODS: Oral cancer patient data in five hospitals in Changsha (the capital city of Hunan province) were collected for the past 12 years. Three methods were used to analyse the data; Microsoft Excel Forecast Sheet, Excel Trendline, and the Logistic growth model. A combination of these three methods was used to forecast the future trend of betel nut-associated oral cancer and the resulting burden on health...
2017: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573078/petroleum-carcinogenicity-and-aerodigestive-tract-in-context-of-developing-nations
#15
REVIEW
Sunali Khanna, Amit S Gharpure
Head and neck cancers from a diverse group of neoplasms, the occurrence of which can be attributed to habitual tobacco use, race, alcohol consumption, ultraviolet (UV) exposure, occupational exposure, viruses, and diet. The surging incidence rates reflect the prevalence of risk factors such as tobacco use (smoked and smokeless), betel nut chewing, urbanization and issues relating to urban air quality. Urbanization and development have catalyzed a multifold rise in levels of pollution in metropolitan cities...
April 30, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473740/adult-mortality-of-diseases-and-injuries-attributable-to-selected-metabolic-lifestyle-environmental-and-infectious-risk-factors-in-taiwan-a-comparative-risk-assessment
#16
Wei-Cheng Lo, Chu-Chang Ku, Shu-Ti Chiou, Chang-Chuan Chan, Chi-Ling Chen, Mei-Shu Lai, Hsien-Ho Lin
BACKGROUND: To facilitate priority-setting in health policymaking, we compiled the best available information to estimate the adult mortality (>30 years) burden attributable to 13 metabolic, lifestyle, infectious, and environmental risk factors in Taiwan. METHODS: We obtained data on risk factor exposure from nationally representative health surveys, cause-specific mortality from the National Death Registry, and relative risks from epidemiological studies and meta-analyses...
2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468625/adult-mortality-of-diseases-and-injuries-attributable-to-selected-metabolic-lifestyle-environmental-and-infectious-risk-factors-in-taiwan-a-comparative-risk-assessment
#17
Wei-Cheng Lo, Chu-Chang Ku, Shu-Ti Chiou, Chang-Chuan Chan, Chi-Ling Chen, Mei-Shu Lai, Hsien-Ho Lin
BACKGROUND: To facilitate priority-setting in health policymaking, we compiled the best available information to estimate the adult mortality (>30 years) burden attributable to 13 metabolic, lifestyle, infectious, and environmental risk factors in Taiwan. METHODS: We obtained data on risk factor exposure from nationally representative health surveys, cause-specific mortality from the National Death Registry, and relative risks from epidemiological studies and meta-analyses...
May 3, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468586/alteration-in-the-expression-of-mgmt-and-runx3-due-to-non-cpg-promoter-methylation-and-their-correlation-with-different-risk-factors-in-esophageal-cancer-patients
#18
Snigdha Saikia, Asad Ur Rehman, Prajjalendra Barooah, Preeti Sarmah, Mallika Bhattacharyya, Muktanjalee Deka, Manab Deka, Bhabadev Goswami, Syed Akhtar Husain, Subhash Medhi
Promoter methylation reflects in the inactivation of different genes like O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase DNA repair gene and runt-related transcription factor 3, a known tumor suppressor gene in various cancers such as esophageal cancer. The promoter methylation was evaluated for O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase and runt-related transcription factor 3 in CpG, CHH, and CHG context (where H is A, T, or C) by next-generation sequencing. The methylation status was correlated with quantitative messenger RNA expression...
May 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426731/effect-of-genetic-variation-in-microrna-binding-site-in-wnt1-inducible-signaling-pathway-protein-1-gene-on-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-susceptibility
#19
Hon-Kit Lau, Edie-Rosmin Wu, Mu-Kuan Chen, Ming-Ju Hsieh, Shun-Fa Yang, Lyu-Yao Wang, Ying-Erh Chou
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), which is the most common head and neck cancer, accounts for 1%-2% of all human malignancies and is characterized by poor prognosis and reduced survival rates. WNT1-inducible signaling pathway protein 1 (WISP1), a cysteine-rich protein belonging to the Cyr61, CTGF, Nov (CCN) family of matricellular proteins, has many developmental functions and may be involved in carcinogenesis. This study investigated WISP1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to elucidate OSCC susceptibility and clinicopathologic characteristics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404909/impact-of-ccl4-gene-polymorphisms-and-environmental-factors-on-oral-cancer-development-and-clinical-characteristics
#20
Ming-Yu Lien, Chiao-Wen Lin, Hsiao-Chi Tsai, Yng-Tay Chen, Ming-Hsui Tsai, Chun-Hung Hua, Shun-Fa Yang, Chih-Hsin Tang
In Taiwan, oral cancer has causally been associated with environmental carcinogens. CCL4 (C-C chemokine ligand 4), a macrophage inflammatory protein with a key role in inflammation and immune-regulation, was implicated in carcinogenesis by facilitating instability in the tumor environment. The purpose of this study was to identify gene polymorphisms of CCL4 specific to patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) susceptibility and clinicopathological characteristics. A total of 2,053 participants, including 1192 healthy people and 861 patients with oral cancer, were recruited for this study...
May 9, 2017: Oncotarget
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