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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092286/childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-and-the-associations-with-risk-behavior-in-adolescence-and-young-adulthood-a-systematic-review
#1
Eleanor Kennedy, Miriam Cohen, Marcus Munafò
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence that childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with risk behavior in adolescence and young adulthood. Risk behavior included one or more of the following: use of substances, including alcohol, tobacco, and illicit substances; involvement in criminal behavior; and behavioral issues with conduct. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using these terms: child, pediatric, traumatic brain injury, head injury, adolescent, psychosocial, antisocial, conduct, substance use...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091587/bacillus-volatiles-adversely-affect-the-physiology-and-ultra-structure-of-ralstonia-solanacearum-and-induce-systemic-resistance-in-tobacco-against-bacterial-wilt
#2
Hafiz Abdul Samad Tahir, Qin Gu, Huijun Wu, Yuedi Niu, Rong Huo, Xuewen Gao
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced by various bacteria have significant potential to enhance plant growth and to control phytopathogens. Six of the most effective antagonistic Bacillus spp. were used in this study against Ralstonia solanacearum (Rsc) TBBS1, the causal agent of bacterial wilt disease in tobacco. Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42 and Bacillus artrophaeus LSSC22 had the strongest inhibitory effect against Rsc. Thirteen VOCs produced by FZB42 and 10 by LSSC22 were identified using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090340/recruitment-and-retention-for-a-weight-loss-maintenance-trial-involving-weight-loss-prior-to-randomization
#3
C I Voils, J M Grubber, M A McVay, M K Olsen, J Bolton, J M Gierisch, S S Taylor, M L Maciejewski, W S Yancy
OBJECTIVE: A weight loss maintenance trial involving weight loss prior to randomization is challenging to implement due to the potential for dropout and insufficient weight loss. We examined rates and correlates of non-initiation, dropout, and insufficient weight loss during a weight loss maintenance trial. METHODS: The MAINTAIN trial involved a 16-week weight loss program followed by randomization among participants losing at least 4 kg. Psychosocial measures were administered during a screening visit...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088955/-effect-of-kr%C3%A3-ppel-like-zinc-finger-transcription-factor-2-on-%C3%AE-glutamylcysteine-synthetase-in-bronchial-epithelial-cells-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
J Li, A G Dai, C Y Huang, R C Hu
Objective: To research the regulation effects of Krüppel like zinc finger transcription factor 2 (KLF2) on γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase (γ-GCS) in airway epithelial cells of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: (1) Human specimen experiment: lung tissue of pulmonary lobectomy patients with lung cancer with or without COPD was collected from Department of Thoracic Surgery of Hunan Cancer Hospital from December 2008 to December 2009. The patients were divided into COPD group and control group without COPD...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080082/parenting-and-later-substance-use-among-mexican-origin-youth-moderation-by-preference-for-a-common-language
#5
Thomas J Schofield, Rosa I Toro, Ross D Parke, Jeffrey T Cookston, William V Fabricius, Scott Coltrane
The primary goal of the current study was to test whether parent and adolescent preference for a common language moderates the association between parenting and rank-order change over time in offspring substance use. A sample of Mexican-origin 7th-grade adolescents (Mage = 12.5 years, N = 194, 52% female) was measured longitudinally on use of tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana. Mothers, fathers, and adolescents all reported on consistent discipline and monitoring of adolescents. Both consistent discipline and monitoring predicted relative decreases in substance use into early adulthood but only among parent-offspring dyads who expressed preference for the same language (either English or Spanish)...
January 12, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077940/physician-tobacco-screening-and-advice-to-quit-among-u-s-adolescents-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health-2013
#6
Lauren Collins, Sabrina L Smiley, Rakiya A Moore, Amanda L Graham, Andrea C Villanti
BACKGROUND: Initiating tobacco use in adolescence increases the risk of nicotine dependence and continued smoking. Physician screening for tobacco use increases the odds of physicians intervening with patients who smoke; However, without appropriate follow-through by the physician, screening for tobacco use is not enough to significantly increase cessation rates. Given the critical phase of development adolescence poses in tobacco use and evidence that physician intervention improves adult cessation efforts, we sought to examine physician tobacco use screening and advice to quit among adolescents (12-17 years)...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077504/influence-of-history-of-cannabis-smoking-in-selected-donors-on-the-outcomes-of-lung-transplantation
#7
Prashant N Mohite, Mohamed Zeriouh, Diana G Sáez, Aron-Frederik Popov, Anton Sabashnikov, Bartlomiej Zych, Ashok Padukone, Levente Fazekas, Olga Ananiadou, Fabio De Robertis, Simona Soresi, Anna Reed, Martin Carby, André R Simon
OBJECTIVES: Cannabis is the most commonly abused illicit drug and the smokers are at the risk of lung infections, bullous emphysema and lung cancer. However, no evidence about the outcomes of lung transplantation (LTx) utilizing the lungs from such donors is available in the literature. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed lung 'organ offers' and LTx at our centre between January 2007 and November 2013. The outcomes of LTx utilizing lungs from donors with a history of cannabis smoking were compared with the outcomes of those with no such history using unadjusted model as well as propensity score matching...
January 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077363/tobacco-control-benefits-poor-people-says-who
#8
Anne Gulland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077163/the-efficacy-of-varenicline-in-achieving-abstinence-among-waterpipe-tobacco-smokers-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Raana Zahid, Omara Dogar, Sonia Mansoor, Amina Khan, Mona Kanaan, Mohammed Jawad, Jasjit S Ahluwalia, Kamran Siddiqi
BACKGROUND: Waterpipe tobacco smoking has increased among youth across the globe including in the US, and it continues as a common and traditional form of smoking tobacco in Pakistan. A range of behavioral and pharmacological therapies are available to support people in quitting cigarette smoking; however, little evidence exists for the efficacy of these therapies in achieving abstinence among waterpipe tobacco smokers. The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of varenicline when added to behavioral support for waterpipe tobacco smoking cessation, by measuring biochemically validated continuous abstinence in waterpipe tobacco smokers...
January 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077126/what-do-we-know-about-the-effects-of-exposure-to-low-alcohol-and-equivalent-product-labelling-on-the-amounts-of-alcohol-food-and-tobacco-people-select-and-consume-a-systematic-review
#10
Ian Shemilt, Vivien Hendry, Theresa M Marteau
BACKGROUND: Explicit labelling of lower strength alcohol products could reduce alcohol consumption by attracting more people to buy and drink such products instead of higher strength ones. Alternatively, it may lead to more consumption due to a 'self-licensing' mechanism. Equivalent labelling of food or tobacco (for example "Low fat" or "Low tar") could influence consumption of those products by similar mechanisms. This systematic review examined the effects of 'Low alcohol' and equivalent labelling of alcohol, food and tobacco products on selection, consumption, and perceptions of products among adults...
January 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076691/removal-of-copper-from-aqueous-solutions-by-rhizofiltration-using-genetically-modified-hairy-roots-expressing-a-bacterial-cu-binding-protein
#11
Patricia Pérez-Palacios, Elizabeth Agostini, Sabrina G Ibáñez, Melina A Talano, Ignacio D Rodríguez-Llorente, Miguel A Caviedes, Eloísa Pajuelo
The aim of this work was developing a biotechnological tool to hyperaccumulate high copper (Cu) concentrations from wastewaters. Transgenic tobacco hairy roots were obtained by expressing, either the wild type version of the gene copC from Pseudomonas fluorescens in the cytoplasm of plant cells (CuHR), or a modified version targeted to the vacuole (CuHR-V). Control hairy roots transformed with the empty vector (HR) were also generated. The roots were incubated in the presence of solutions containing Cu (from 1 to 50 mM)...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076473/influence-of-tobacco-alcohol-and-diabetes-on-the-collagen-of-cremaster-muscle-in-patients-with-inguinal-hernias
#12
Sérgio Ferreira Módena, Eduardo José Caldeira, Marco Antonio O Peres, Nelson Adami Andreollo
Background: New findings point out that the mechanism of formation of the hernias can be related to the collagenous tissues, under activity of aggressive agents such as the tobacco, alcohol and diabetes. Aim: To analyze the collagen present in the cremaster muscle in patients with inguinal hernias, focusing the effect of tobacco, alcohol, and diabetes. Methods: Fifteen patients with inguinal hernia divided in three groups were studied: group I (n=5) was control; group II (n=5) were smokers and/or drinkers; and group III (n=5) had diabetes mellitus...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075536/commentary-on-greenland-2016-tobacco-companies-response-to-plain-packaging-in-australia-and-implications-for-tobacco-control
#13
Crawford Moodie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074113/genetic-polymorphisms-of-human-cytochrome-p450-cyp1a1-in-an-egyptian-population-and-tobacco-induced-lung-cancer
#14
Nada Ezzeldin, Dalia El-Lebedy, Amira Darwish, Ahmed El-Bastawisy, Mirhane Hassan, Shereen Abd El-Aziz, Mohamed Abdel-Hamid, Amal Saad-Hussein
BACKGROUND: Cytochrome P450 CYP1A1 helps detoxify the potential carcinogens in tobacco smoke, it was reported that polymorphisms in the coding gene result in variation in the expression and activity levels which alter metabolism and clearance of carcinogens and therefore modify cancer risk. In this work, we aimed to identify CYP1A1 gene polymorphisms associated with lung cancer in Egyptian population and to examine the interaction effect with Tobacco smoking in modulating disease risk...
2017: Genes and Environment: the Official Journal of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073035/criterion-validity-of-measures-of-perceived-relative-harm-of-e-cigarettes-and-smokeless-tobacco-compared-to-cigarettes
#15
Alexander Persoskie, Anh B Nguyen, Annette R Kaufman, Cindy Tworek
Beliefs about the relative harmfulness of one product compared to another (perceived relative harm) are central to research and regulation concerning tobacco and nicotine-containing products, but techniques for measuring such beliefs vary widely. We compared the validity of direct and indirect measures of perceived harm of e-cigarettes and smokeless tobacco (SLT) compared to cigarettes. On direct measures, participants explicitly compare the harmfulness of each product. On indirect measures, participants rate the harmfulness of each product separately, and ratings are compared...
January 4, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072720/smoking-and-incidence-of-glaucoma-the-sun-cohort
#16
Mónica Pérez-de-Arcelus, Estefanía Toledo, Miguel Á Martínez-González, Nerea Martín-Calvo, Alejandro Fernández-Montero, Javier Moreno-Montañés
Smoking is a serious global public health concern that has been related to many chronic diseases. However, the effect of smoking on eye disorders has been less studied. The aim of this cohort study was to assess the association between current tobacco smokers and the risk of developing glaucoma and furthermore to evaluate the relationship between passive or former smokers and glaucoma.In this prospective and dynamic cohort, 16,797 participants initially who were found not to have glaucoma were followed up for a median of 8...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071639/the-ban-on-smokeless-tobacco-products-is-systematically-violated-in-chennai-india
#17
E Vidhubala, C Pisinger, B Basumallik, D S Prabhakar
BACKGROUND: India is the world's third largest consumer of tobacco. There are twice as many users of smokeless tobacco products (STPs) as cigarette smokers. The Government of Tamil Nadu has banned the sale of gutkha and pan masala in 2013. Our aim was to identify the varieties of illegal STP available in Chennai, India. METHODS: In systematically chosen zones and regions of Chennai city, we randomly identified three kinds of kiosks (n = 18) and asked for "gutkha" and "pan masala," one of each product available...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071638/smokeless-tobacco-use-and-perceptions-of-risk-among-students-in-mumbai-municipal-schools
#18
M L Rose, D Chadha, T D Bhutia
INTRODUCTION: Nearly 15% of youth in India use tobacco. However, few studies have explored the use, knowledge, and attitudes of smokeless tobacco use among youth. AIM: To determine the patterns of use as well as knowledge and perceptions of smokeless tobacco among youth in Mumbai attending municipal schools. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed among 1053 students in the 8th and 9th grades in 16 municipal schools in Mumbai to determine the knowledge and perceptions about smokeless tobacco products as well as the patterns of use...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071620/squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-oral-cavity-and-oropharynx-in-patients-aged-18-45-years-a-case-control-study-to-evaluate-the-risk-factors-with-emphasis-on-stress-diet-oral-hygiene-and-family-history
#19
K P Dholam, G C Chouksey
BACKGROUND: Increasing incidence of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the oral cavity and oropharynx is reported in young adults. However, there is a paucity regarding etiology and risk factors. AIM: To evaluate the exposure potential carcinogenic factors among a sample aged 45 years and younger, diagnosed with SCC of the oral cavity and oropharynx. METHODOLOGY: Eighty-five case samples aged 18-45 years, diagnosed with SCC of the oral cavity and oropharynx were compared with 85 controls who had never had cancer, matched for age and sex...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070814/source-identification-and-spatial-distribution-of-heavy-metals-in-tobacco-growing-soils-in-shandong-province-of-china-with-multivariate-and-geostatistical-analysis
#20
Haiwei Liu, Yan Zhang, Xue Zhou, Xiuxuan You, Yi Shi, Jialai Xu
Samples of surface soil from tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) fields were analysed for heavy metals and showed the following concentrations (mean of 246 samples, mg/kg): As, 5.10; Cd, 0.11; Cr, 49.49; Cu, 14.72; Hg, 0.08; Ni, 19.28; Pb. 20.20 and Zn, 30.76. The values of the index of geoaccumulation (I geo) and of the enrichment factor indicated modest enrichment with As, Cd, Cr, Hg, Ni or Pb. Principal component analysis and cluster analysis correctly allocated each investigated element to its source, whether anthropogenic or natural...
January 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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