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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913784/managing-wastes-as-green-resources-cigarette-butt-synthesized-pesticides-are-highly-toxic-to-malaria-vectors-with-little-impact-on-predatory-copepods
#1
Kadarkarai Murugan, Udaiyan Suresh, Chellasamy Panneerselvam, Rajapandian Rajaganesh, Mathath Roni, Al Thabiani Aziz, Jiang-Shiou Hwang, Kuppusamy Sathishkumar, Aruliah Rajasekar, Suresh Kumar, Abdullah A Alarfaj, Akon Higuchi, Giovanni Benelli
The development of novel mosquito control tools is a key prerequisite to build effective and reliable Integrated Vector Management strategies. Here, we proposed a novel method using cigarette butts for the synthesis of Ag nanostructures toxic to young instars of the malaria vector Anopheles stephensi, chloroquine (CQ)-resistant malaria parasites Plasmodium falciparum and microbial pathogens. The non-target impact of these nanomaterials in the aquatic environment was evaluated testing them at sub-lethal doses on the predatory copepod Mesocyclops aspericornis...
September 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912054/effectiveness-of-pharmacist-interventions-on-cardiovascular-risk-in-patients-with-ckd-a-subgroup-analysis-of-the-randomized-controlled-rxeach-trial
#2
Yazid N Al Hamarneh, Ross T Tsuyuki, Charlotte A Jones, Braden Manns, Marcello Tonelli, Nairne Scott-Douglass, Kailash Jindal, Wendy Tink, Brenda R Hemmelgarn
BACKGROUND: Affecting a substantial proportion of adults, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is considered a major risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) events. It has been reported that patients with CKD are underserved when it comes to CV risk reduction efforts. STUDY DESIGN: Prespecified subgroup analysis of a randomized controlled trial. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Adults with CKD and at least 1 uncontrolled CV risk factor were enrolled from 56 pharmacies across Alberta, Canada...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911926/severe-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-modifies-early-maternal-serum-beta-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-kinetics-but-obstetrical-and-neonatal-outcomes-are-not-impacted
#3
Cécile Choux, Julie Barberet, Perrine Ginod, Jonathan Cottenet, Céline Bruno, Eric Benzénine, Paul Sagot, Patricia Fauque
OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) on beta-hCG kinetics and obstetrical and neonatal outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective single-center case-control study. SETTING: University tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): A total of 77 patients who presented a clinical pregnancy after IVF and had been hospitalized for severe OHSS were included in this study and compared with 231 controls presenting an IVF-induced clinical pregnancy without OHSS and matched for the year of pregnancy and the number of gestational sacs...
September 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910267/surveillance-for-certain-health-behaviors-and-conditions-among-states-and-selected-local-areas-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-united-states-2013-and-2014
#4
Sonya Gamble, Tebitha Mawokomatanda, Fang Xu, Pranesh P Chowdhury, Carol Pierannunzi, David Flegel, William Garvin, Machell Town
PROBLEM: Chronic diseases and conditions (e.g., heart diseases, stroke, arthritis, and diabetes) are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States. These conditions are costly to the U.S. economy, yet they are often preventable or controllable. Behavioral risk factors (e.g., excessive alcohol consumption, tobacco use, poor diet, frequent mental distress, and insufficient sleep) are linked to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Adopting positive health behaviors (e...
September 15, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910259/estimation-of-smoking-prevalence-in-canada-implications-of-survey-characteristics-in-the-cchs-and-ctums-ctads
#5
Thierry Gagné
One of the main enterprises associated with tobacco control is surveillance, that is, to measure and follow over time the extent of smoking among the Canadian population. While surveillance systems have been in place for more than 50 years, knowing the exact prevalence of smoking in Canada continues to be a complex matter and understanding its estimation requires a critical appreciation of our national surveys' idiosyncrasies. This commentary describes the two Statistics Canada surveys that are most commonly used to examine smoking prevalence in this country: the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) and the Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey (CTADS)...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910193/lifestyle-markers-predict-cognitive-function
#6
Steven C Masley, Richard Roetzheim, Gwendolyn Clayton, Angela Presby, Kelley Sundberg, Lucas V Masley
OBJECTIVE: Rates of mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease are increasing rapidly. None of the current treatment regimens for Alzheimer's disease are effective in arresting progression. Lifestyle choices may prevent cognitive decline. This study aims to clarify which factors best predict cognitive function. METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional analysis of 799 men and women undergoing health and cognitive testing every 1 to 3 years at an outpatient center...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910185/examining-the-effects-of-art-therapy-on-reoccurring-tobacco-use-in-a-taiwanese-youth-population-a-mixed-method-study
#7
Rei-Mei Hong, Su-Er Guo, Chun-Sheng Huang, Cheng Yin
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is a primary risk factor affecting mental and physical health worldwide. Many chronic diseases are closely related to smoking. Adolescents in Taiwan are increasingly using tobacco, especially in rural areas. OBJECTIVES: This research project used a mixed-method study to examine the effects of art therapy on smoking cessation in rural Taiwanese youth smokers. METHODS: Participants from years 10-11, were drawn from three senior high schools in Taiwan...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910178/interpersonal-and-intrapersonal-differences-among-adolescent-nonsmokers-ex-smokers-and-smokers
#8
Salvatore Ioverno, Roberto Baiocco, Fiorenzo Laghi, Valeria Verrastro, Carmen Odorifero, Marcella Dittrich
BACKGROUND: A large body of research has traced tobacco dependence among adolescents to a series of intrapersonal and interpersonal factors. However, there are remaining questions regarding the differences on these factors related to tobacco use. OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate intrapersonal and interpersonal differences among adolescent nonsmokers, ex-smokers, and smokers. METHODS: We used data from a 3-year project designed to investigate and address tobacco dependence among 1071 students (Mage = 15...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905874/ovarian-hormones-and-transdermal-nicotine-administration-independently-and-synergistically-suppress-tobacco-withdrawal-symptoms-and-smoking-reinstatement-in-the-human-laboratory
#9
Raina D Pang, Madalyn M Liautaud, Matthew G Kirkpatrick, Jimi Huh, John Monterosso, Adam M Leventhal
Modeling intra-individual fluctuations in estradiol and progesterone may provide unique insight into the effects of ovarian hormones on the etiology and treatment of nicotine dependence. This randomized placebo-controlled laboratory study tested the independent and interactive effects of intra-individual ovarian hormone variation and nicotine on suppression of tobacco withdrawal symptoms and smoking behavior. Female smokers randomized to 21 mg. nicotine (TNP; n=37) or placebo (PBO; n=43) transdermal patch following overnight abstinence completed three sessions occurring during hormonally distinct menstrual cycle phases...
September 14, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905642/socioeconomic-moderators-of-the-relationship-between-different-quitting-motives-and-smoking-cessation-in-hong-kong-men
#10
Francisco T T Lai, Wikki W K Wong, Joyce L Y Kwan
To facilitate effective tobacco control, it is important to identify the socioeconomic strata in which different quitting motives are more strongly associated with cessation. This study aims to examine such a moderating role of socioeconomic background. A total of 2022 past or current daily smoking men from the Hong Kong Thematic Household Survey 2010 who had attempted for cessation were analyzed. Binary socioeconomic indicators, quitting motives, and 1-year abstinence were entered in an exploratory backward-stepwise log-linear model, followed by a binary logistic regression to estimate the probability of one-year abstinence in each socioeconomic stratum...
September 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904918/evaluation-of-genetic-polymorphisms-in-glutathione-s-transferase-theta1-glutathione-s-transferase-mu1-and-glutathione-s-transferase-mu3-in-oral-leukoplakia-and-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-deleterious-habits-using-polymerase-chain-reaction
#11
Ayyagari Kameswara Rao, Peela Parameswar, Sumit Majumdar, Divya Uppala, Sreekanth Kotina, Naga Himabindu Vennamaneni
CONTEXT: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the sixth most common cancer in the world. As per previous studies, most patients who develop oral cancer are elderly males who are heavy users of tobacco and alcohol; however, the incidence is increasing in younger individuals and in those who neither smoke nor drink. Many of the genes that code for the detoxification enzymes are polymorphic with abnormal activity profiles. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of development of oral leukoplakia (OLP) and OSCC in glutathione S-transferase polymorphisms genes in the east coast of Andhra Pradesh population with tobacco consumption habit and habit-free controls using polymerase chain reaction (PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism)...
July 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904367/changing-smoking-mortality-association-over-time-and-across-social-groups-national-census-mortality-cohort-studies-from-1981-to-2011
#12
Andrea Teng, June Atkinson, George Disney, Nick Wilson, Tony Blakely
The difference in mortality between current and never-smokers varies over time, affecting future projections of health gains from tobacco control. We examine this heterogeneity by sex, ethnicity and cause of death on absolute and relative scales using New Zealand census data. These data included smoking status, and were linked to subsequent mortality records in 1981-84, 1996-99 and 2006-11 for 25-74 year olds (16.1 million person-years of follow-up). Age-standardised mortality rates and rate differences (SRDs) were calculated comparing current to never-smokers, and Poisson regression was used to adjust for multiple socioeconomic factors and household smoking...
September 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902266/infant-morbidity-and-mortality-attributable-to-prenatal-smoking-in-chile
#13
Jaime Cerda, Claudia Bambs, Claudio Vera
Objective: To estimate annual infant morbidity and mortality attributable to prenatal smoking in Chile during 2008-2012. Methods: Population-attributable fractions (PAFs) for several infant outcomes were calculated based on previous study estimates of prenatal smoking prevalence and odds ratios associated with exposure (prenatal smoking relative to non-prenatal smoking). Prenatal smoking-attributable infant morbidity and mortality cases were calculated by multiplying the average annual number of morbidity and mortality cases registered in Chile during 2008-2012 by the corresponding PAF...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900627/predictors-of-hypertension-among-nonpregnant-females-attending-health-promotion-clinic-with-special-emphasis-on-smokeless-tobacco-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Devika Bhatt, Shashi Sharma, Ruchika Gupta, Dhirendra N Sinha, Ravi Mehrotra
AIM: To determine the predictors of hypertension among nonpregnant females attending a health promotion clinic. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study was conducted during March to June 2016, at the National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research, India. METHODS: The study included 319 nonpregnant females of age 20-70 years. Demographics such as age, literacy, and income were noted. History regarding use, frequency, and quantity of smokeless tobacco was taken...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900039/the-contributing-risk-of-tobacco-use-for-ards-development-in-burn-injured-adults-with-inhalation-injury
#15
Majid Afshar, Giora Netzer, Michael J Mosier, Richard S Cooper, William Adams, Ellen L Burnham, Elizabeth J Kovacs, Ramon Durazo-Arvizu, Stephanie Kliethermes
BACKGROUND: This study aims to determine the relationship between tobacco use, inhalation injury, and ARDS in burn-injured adults. METHODS: This study was an observational cohort of 2,485 primary burn admissions to a referral burn center between January 1, 2008 and March 15, 2015. Subjects were evaluated by methods used to account for mediation and traditional approaches (multivariable logistic regression and propensity score analysis). Mediation analysis examined both the (1) indirect effect of tobacco use via inhalation injury as the mediator on ARDS development and (2) the direct effect of tobacco use alone on ARDS development...
September 12, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899908/activation-of-the-splenocardiac-axis-by-electronic-and-tobacco-cigarettes-in-otherwise-healthy-young-adults
#16
Zachary Boas, Pawan Gupta, Roya S Moheimani, May Bhetraratana, Fen Yin, Kacey M Peters, Jeffrey Gornbein, Jesus A Araujo, Johannes Czernin, Holly R Middlekauff
The "Splenocardiac Axis" describes an inflammatory signaling network underlying acute cardiac ischemia, characterized by sympathetic nerve stimulation of hematopoietic tissues, such as the bone marrow and spleen, which then release proinflammatory monocytes that populate atherosclerotic plaques, thereby promoting ischemic heart disease. Electronic (e) cigarettes, like tobacco cigarettes trigger sympathetic nerve activation, but virtually nothing is known about their influence on hematopoietic and vascular tissues and cardiovascular risks...
September 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898403/healthcare-financing-systems-for-increasing-the-use-of-tobacco-dependence-treatment
#17
REVIEW
Floor A van den Brand, Gera E Nagelhout, Ayalu A Reda, Bjorn Winkens, Silvia M A A Evers, Daniel Kotz, Onno Cp van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is the leading preventable cause of death worldwide, which makes it essential to stimulate smoking cessation. The financial cost of smoking cessation treatment can act as a barrier to those seeking support. We hypothesised that provision of financial assistance for people trying to quit smoking, or reimbursement of their care providers, could lead to an increased rate of successful quit attempts. This is an update of the original 2005 review. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this review was to assess the impact of reducing the costs for tobacco smokers or healthcare providers for using or providing smoking cessation treatment through healthcare financing interventions on abstinence from smoking...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895792/rash-impulsiveness-and-negative-mood-but-not-alexithymia-or-reward-sensitivity-differentiate-young-to-middle-aged-chronic-daily-smokers-from-never-smokers
#18
Michael Lyvers, Monique Bremner, Mark S Edwards, Fred Arne Thorberg
Given the well-established associations of the personality traits alexithymia, impulsivity, and reward sensitivity with problematic use of a variety of substances, including alcohol and cannabis, the present study sought to determine whether daily tobacco smoking is similarly linked to these traits. Male and female adults aged 18 to 40 years were recruited from the local Australian community, allowing comparison of demographically similar samples of current daily smokers (n = 47) to never-smokers (n = 59) on the relevant self-report measures...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893086/older-african-american-homeless-experienced-smokers-attitudes-toward-tobacco-control-policies-results-from-the-hope-home-study
#19
Maya Vijayaraghavan, Pamela Olsen, John Weeks, Karma McKelvey, Claudia Ponath, Margot Kushel
PURPOSE: To examine attitudes toward tobacco control policies among older African American homeless-experienced smokers. APPROACH: A qualitative study. SETTING: Oakland, California. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two African American older homeless-experienced smokers who were part of a longitudinal study on health and health-related outcomes (Health Outcomes of People Experiencing Homelessness in Older Middle Age Study). METHOD: We conducted in-depth, semistructured interviews with each participant to explore beliefs and attitudes toward tobacco use and cessation, barriers to smoking cessation, and attitudes toward current tobacco control strategies including raising cigarette prices, smoke-free policies, and graphic warning labels...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892437/public-health-system-research-in-public-health-emergency-preparedness-in-the-united-states-2009-2015-actionable-knowledge-base
#20
Elena Savoia, Leesa Lin, Dottie Bernard, Noah Klein, Lyndon P James, Stefano Guicciardi
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Institute of Medicine released a letter report identifying 4 research priority areas for public health emergency preparedness in public health system research: (1) enhancing the usefulness of training, (2) improving timely emergency communications, (3) creating and maintaining sustainable response systems, and (4) generating effectiveness criteria and metrics. OBJECTIVES: To (1) identify and characterize public health system research in public health emergency preparedness produced in the United States from 2009 to 2015, (2) synthesize research findings and assess the level of confidence in these findings, and (3) describe the evolution of knowledge production in public health emergency preparedness system research...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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