Read by QxMD icon Read


Nanette Santoro, Amanda Allshouse, Genevieve Neal-Perry, Lubna Pal, Rogerio A Lobo, Frederick Naftolin, Dennis M Black, Eliot A Brinton, Matthew J Budoff, Marcelle I Cedars, N Maritza Dowling, Mary Dunn, Carey E Gleason, Howard N Hodis, Barbara Isaac, Maureen Magnani, JoAnn E Manson, Virginia M Miller, Hugh S Taylor, Whitney Wharton, Erin Wolff, Viola Zepeda, S Mitchell Harman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to compare the efficacy of two forms of menopausal hormone therapy in alleviating vasomotor symptoms, insomnia, and irritability in early postmenopausal women during 4 years. METHODS: A total of 727 women, aged 42 to 58, within 3 years of their final menstrual period, were randomized to receive oral conjugated estrogens (o-CEE) 0.45 mg (n = 230) or transdermal estradiol (t-E2) 50 μg (n = 225; both with micronized progesterone 200 mg for 12 d each mo), or placebos (PBOs; n = 275)...
October 24, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Karen L Margolis, JoAnn E Manson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
Rowan T Chlebowski, Wendy Barrington, Aaron K Aragaki, JoAnn E Manson, Gloria Sarto, Mary J OʼSullivan, Daniel Wu, Jane A Cauley, Lihong Qi, Robert L Wallace, Ross L Prentice
OBJECTIVE: In postmenopausal black women in the Women's Health Initiative randomized trial, estrogen alone reduced breast cancers but its comprehensive influence on health outcomes in black women is unknown. Therefore, we examined this issue in the Women's Health Initiative overall and by African ancestry. METHODS: A total of 1,616 black women with prior hysterectomy, including 1,061 with percent African ancestry determination, at 40 US centers were randomly assigned to conjugated equine estrogen (0...
October 3, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Camille Powe, Deirdre K Tobias, Karin Michels, Wendy Y Chen, A Heather Eliassen, JoAnn E Manson, Bernard Rosner, Walter C Willett, Frank B Hu, Cuilin Zhang, Janet W Rich-Edwards, Kathryn M Rexrode
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is associated with breast cancer in epidemiologic studies. Pregnancy also modifies breast cancer risk. We hypothesized that women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), which shares pathogenesis and risk factors with type 2 diabetes, would have greater invasive breast cancer risk than parous women without a history of GDM. METHODS: We conducted a prospective analysis among parous women in the Nurses' Health Study II, with mean age 35 years in 1989...
October 11, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Craig N Sawchuk, Peter Roy-Byrne, Carolyn Noonan, Julia R Craner, Jack Goldberg, Spero Manson, Dedra Buchwald
Panic disorder is a common mental health condition, but little is known about panic disorder in non-Caucasian populations. The purpose of this study is to describe the epidemiology, clinical features, and comorbidities of panic attacks and panic disorder in two large American Indian (AI) tribes (N=3084). A culturally-adapted version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview assessed panic attacks, panic disorder, and various psychiatric comorbidities. After adjusting for age, gender, and tribe, linear and logistic regression analyses were conducted to compare AIs with panic disorder to those with panic attacks only on clinical characteristics and panic symptoms...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Jamie L Manson, John A Schlueter, Kerry E Garrett, Paul A Goddard, Tom Lancaster, Johannes S Möller, Stephen J Blundell, Andrew J Steele, Isabel Franke, Francis L Pratt, John Singleton, Jesper Bendix, Saul H Lapidus, Marc Uhlarz, Oscar Ayala-Valenzuela, Ross D McDonald, Mary Gurak, Christopher Baines
The title compounds are bimetallic MOFs containing [Cu(pyz)2](2+) square lattices linked by MF6(n-) octahedra. In each, only the Cu(2+) spins exhibit long-range magnetic order below 3.5 K (M = V(4+)) and 2.6 K (M = Ga(3+)). The V(4+) spins remain disordered down to 0.5 K.
October 18, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Aladdin H Shadyab, Charles Kooperberg, Alexander P Reiner, Sonia Jain, JoAnn E Manson, Chancellor Hohensee, Caroline A Macera, Richard A Shaffer, Linda C Gallo, Andrea Z LaCroix
BACKGROUND: No study has evaluated whether genetic factors are associated with longevity in African Americans or Hispanics, and it is unclear whether genetic factors are associated with healthy aging. METHODS: In this prospective study, we determined whether 14 genetic variants previously associated with longevity in genome-wide association studies were associated with survival to ages 85 and 90 in 11,053 postmenopausal white, African American, and Hispanic women from the Women's Health Initiative...
October 5, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Ursula Running Bear, Janette Beals, Douglas K Novins, Spero M Manson
BACKGROUND: Little is known about factors associated with detoxification treatment completion and the transition to substance abuse treatment following detoxification among Alaska Native people. This study examined 3 critical points on the substance abuse continuum of care (alcohol detoxification completion, acceptance of referral to substance abuse treatment, entry into substance abuse treatment following detoxification). METHODS: The retrospective cohort included 383 adult Alaska Native patients admitted to a tribally owned and managed inpatient detoxification unit...
September 24, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Priyanka Jain, Goodarz Danaei, James M Robins, JoAnn E Manson, Miguel A Hernán
Weight gain after smoking cessation can lessen the health benefits of, and reduce the incentives for, quitting smoking. Randomized clinical trials of smoking cessation have estimated this weight gain only over short periods of follow-up. We provide an estimate of long-term post-cessation weight gain in the Framingham Heart Study, a prospective observational study. We identified 2001 smokers free of diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease in 1952. Using the parametric g-formula we estimated mean weight in 1972 if all smokers had quit at baseline versus if all had continued smoking...
October 4, 2016: European Journal of Epidemiology
Brian H Chen, Riccardo E Marioni, Elena Colicino, Marjolein J Peters, Cavin K Ward-Caviness, Pei-Chien Tsai, Nicholas S Roetker, Allan C Just, Ellen W Demerath, Weihua Guan, Jan Bressler, Myriam Fornage, Stephanie Studenski, Amy R Vandiver, Ann Zenobia Moore, Toshiko Tanaka, Douglas P Kiel, Liming Liang, Pantel Vokonas, Joel Schwartz, Kathryn L Lunetta, Joanne M Murabito, Stefania Bandinelli, Dena G Hernandez, David Melzer, Michael Nalls, Luke C Pilling, Timothy R Price, Andrew B Singleton, Christian Gieger, Rolf Holle, Anja Kretschmer, Florian Kronenberg, Sonja Kunze, Jakob Linseisen, Christine Meisinger, Wolfgang Rathmann, Melanie Waldenberger, Peter M Visscher, Sonia Shah, Naomi R Wray, Allan F McRae, Oscar H Franco, Albert Hofman, André G Uitterlinden, Devin Absher, Themistocles Assimes, Morgan E Levine, Ake T Lu, Philip S Tsao, Lifang Hou, JoAnn E Manson, Cara L Carty, Andrea Z LaCroix, Alexander P Reiner, Tim D Spector, Andrew P Feinberg, Daniel Levy, Andrea Baccarelli, Joyce van Meurs, Jordana T Bell, Annette Peters, Ian J Deary, James S Pankow, Luigi Ferrucci, Steve Horvath
Estimates of biological age based on DNA methylation patterns, often referred to as "epigenetic age", "DNAm age", have been shown to be robust biomarkers of age in humans. We previously demonstrated that independent of chronological age, epigenetic age assessed in blood predicted all-cause mortality in four human cohorts. Here, we expanded our original observation to 13 different cohorts for a total sample size of 13,089 individuals, including three racial/ethnic groups. In addition, we examined whether incorporating information on blood cell composition into the epigenetic age metrics improves their predictive power for mortality...
September 28, 2016: Aging
Xiaochen Lin, Isabel Zhang, Alina Li, JoAnn E Manson, Howard D Sesso, Lu Wang, Simin Liu
BACKGROUND: Cocoa flavanols may improve cardiometabolic health. Evidence from small short-term randomized clinical trials (RCTs) remains inconsistent, and large long-term RCTs testing the efficacy of cocoa flavanols are still lacking. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of RCTs to quantify the effect of cocoa flavanol intake on cardiometabolic biomarkers. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library for RCTs that evaluated the effects of cocoa flavanols on biomarkers relevant to vascular disease pathways among adults...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Charles B Eaton, Mary Pettinger, Jacques Rossouw, Lisa Warsinger Martin, Randi Foraker, Abdullah Quddus, Simin Liu, Nina S Wampler, Wen-Chih Hank Wu, JoAnn E Manson, Karen Margolis, Karen C Johnson, Matthew Allison, Giselle Corbie-Smith, Wayne Rosamond, Khadijah Breathett, Liviu Klein
BACKGROUND: Heart failure is an important and growing public health problem in women. Risk factors for incident hospitalized heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) compared with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) in women and differences by race/ethnicity are not well characterized. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively evaluated the risk factors for incident hospitalized HFpEF and HFrEF in a multiracial cohort of 42 170 postmenopausal women followed up for a mean of 13...
October 2016: Circulation. Heart Failure
Ira Driscoll, Sally A Shumaker, Beverly M Snively, Karen L Margolis, JoAnn E Manson, Mara Z Vitolins, Rebecca C Rossom, Mark A Espeland
BACKGROUND: Nonhuman studies suggest a protective effect of caffeine on cognition. Although human literature remains less consistent, reviews suggest a possible favorable relationship between caffeine consumption and cognitive impairment or dementia. We investigated the relationship between caffeine intake and incidence of cognitive impairment or probable dementia in women aged 65 and older from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study. METHODS: All women with self-reported caffeine consumption at enrollment were included (N = 6,467)...
September 27, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Nicole Marquardt, Eliisa Kekäläinen, Puran Chen, Egle Kvedaraite, Jennifer N Wilson, Martin A Ivarsson, Jenny Mjösberg, Lena Berglin, Jesper Säfholm, Martijn L Manson, Mikael Adner, Mamdoh Al-Ameri, Per Bergman, Ann-Charlotte Orre, Mattias Svensson, Barbro Dahlén, Sven-Erik Dahlén, Hans-Gustaf Ljunggren, Jakob Michaëlsson
BACKGROUND: In contrast to the extensive knowledge about human NK cells in peripheral blood, relatively little is known about NK cells in human lung. Knowledge about the composition, differentiation, and function of human lung NK cells is critical to better understand their role in diseases affecting the lung, including asthma, COPD, infections, and cancer. OBJECTIVE: We sought to analyze and compare the phenotypic as well as functional characteristics of NK cells in the human lung and peripheral blood at the single cell level...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Qing Liu, Jacques E Rossouw, Mary B Roberts, Simin Liu, Karen C Johnson, James M Shikany, JoAnn E Manson, Lesley F Tinker, Charles B Eaton
BACKGROUND: Several recent papers have called into question the deleterious effects of high animal fat diets due to mixed results from epidemiologic studies and the lack of clinical trial evidence in meta-analyses of dietary intervention trials. We were interested in examining the theoretical effects of substituting plant-based fats from different types of margarine for animal based fat from butter on the risk of atherosclerosis-related cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: We prospectively studied 71,410 women, aged 50-79 years, and evaluated their risk for clinical myocardial infarction (MI), total coronary heart disease (CHD), ischemic stroke and atherosclerosis-related CVD with an average of 13...
September 15, 2016: Epidemiology
Sylvia H Ley, An Pan, Yanping Li, JoAnn E Manson, Walter C Willett, Qi Sun, Frank B Hu
OBJECTIVE: Recent public health recommendations emphasize adopting a healthful dietary pattern, but evidence is scarce on whether incremental diet quality changes have an impact on long-term diabetes prevention. We aim to evaluate diet quality changes during a 4-year period and subsequent 4-year type 2 diabetes incidence. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants of prospective cohorts, the Nurses' Health Study (NHS), NHS II, and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, who were free of diabetes at baseline (n = 124,607), were observed for ≥20 years...
September 15, 2016: Diabetes Care
Kevin McAdam, Alison Eldridge, Ian M Fearon, Chuan Liu, Andrew Manson, James Murphy, Andrew Porter
Cigarettes with reduced circumference are increasingly popular in some countries, hence it is important to understand the effects of circumference reduction on their burning behaviour, smoke chemistry and bioactivity. Reducing circumference reduces tobacco mass burn rate, puff count and static burn time, and increases draw resistance and rod length burned during puff and smoulder periods. Smoulder temperature increases with decreasing circumference, but with no discernible effect on cigarette ignition propensity during a standard test...
September 12, 2016: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
Francis E G Cox
The period 1875-1925 was remarkable in the history of parasitology partly because of the number of significant discoveries made, especially the elucidation of important life cycles, and partly because of the achievements of the clinicians and scientists who made these discoveries. What is remarkable is that so many of these individuals were Scots. Preeminent in this pantheon was Patrick Manson, who not only discovered the mosquito transmission of filarial worms but was instrumental in directly encouraging others to make significant discoveries in the fields of malaria, Guinea worm disease (dracunculiasis), onchocerciasis, loiasis and schistosomiasis and, indirectly, sleeping sickness and leishmaniasis...
September 15, 2016: Parasitology
Faye Tucker
Adolescents, in many jurisdictions, have the power to consent to life saving treatment but not necessarily the power to refuse it. A recent defence of this asymmetry is Neil Manson's theory of 'transitional paternalism'. Transitional paternalism holds that such asymmetries are by-products of sharing normative powers. However, sharing normative powers by itself does not entail an asymmetry because transitional paternalism can be implemented in two ways. Manson defends the asymmetry-generating version of transitional paternalism in the clinical context, arguing that it maximizes respect for adolescent autonomy...
November 2016: Bioethics
JoAnn E Manson, Teresa K Woodruff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"