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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199338/development-and-application-of-an-edna-method-to-detect-the-critically-endangered-trinidad-golden-tree-frog-phytotriades-auratus-in-bromeliad-phytotelmata
#1
Sarah Brozio, Chloe Manson, Eleanor Gourevitch, Thomas J Burns, Mark S Greener, J Roger Downie, Paul A Hoskisson
The use of environmental DNA (eDNA) to monitor rare and elusive species has great potential for conservation biology. Traditional surveying methods can be time-consuming, labour-intensive, subject to error or can be invasive and potentially damaging to habitat. The Trinidad golden treefrog (Phytotriades auratus) is one such species that would benefit from such an approach. This species inhabits the giant bromeliad (Glomeropitcairnia erectiflora) on two peaks on the Caribbean island of Trinidad. Traditional survey methods for this species have required the destruction of the giant bromeliad, which is the only known habitat of this frog...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198537/racial-discrimination-associated-with-higher-diastolic-blood-pressure-in-a-sample-of-american-indian-adults
#2
Zaneta M Thayer, Irene V Blair, Dedra S Buchwald, Spero M Manson
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension prevalence is high among American Indians (AIs). AIs experience a substantial burden of interpersonal racial discrimination, which in other populations has been associated with higher blood pressure. The purpose of this study is to understand whether racial discrimination experiences are associated with higher blood pressure in AIs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the Everyday Discrimination Scale to evaluate the relationship between discrimination and measured blood pressure among 77 AIs from two reservation communities in the Northern Plains...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187072/predictors-of-blood-transfusion-in-posterior-lumbar-spinal-fusion-a-canadian-spine-outcome-and-research-network-csorn-study
#3
Mina W Morcos, Fan Jiang, Greg McIntosh, Michael Johnson, Sean Christie, Eugene Wai, Jean Ouellet, Chris Bailey, Henry Ahn, Jerome Paquet, Neil Manson, Charles Fisher, Raja Rampersaud, Ken Thomas, Hamilton Hall, Michael Weber
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To identify patient or procedure related predictors of postoperative blood transfusions in posterior lumbar fusion (PSF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The rate of PSF surgery has increased significantly. It remains the most common surgical procedure used to stabilize the spine; however, the impact of blood loss requiring blood transfusions remains a significant concern. METHODS: Analysis of data from the Canadian Spine Outcomes and Research Network...
February 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183112/new-records-of-eriophyoid-mites-from-iran-acari-trombidiformes-eriophyoidea-and-a-description-of-a-new-i-brevulacus-i-manson-species
#4
Grażyna Soika, Ali Gol, Arash Honarmand, Anna Wozińska, Hussein Sadeghi
Four species of eriophyoid mites are recorded from Iran, of which three represent new records and the other is a new species. These species are: Brevulacus salicinus n. sp. (Diptilomiopidae), found on Salix sp. (Salicaceae); Aceria wallichianae Keifer, 1975 from Ulmus minor (Ulmaceae); Aceria granulata Carmona, 1972 from Verbascum spp. (Scrophulariaceae) and Tegnacus unicornutus Pye, 2012 from Carpinus betulus (Betulaceae). Each of these species are illustrated and provided with data regarding their distribution and host plants...
January 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182197/internet-support-for-dealing-with-problematic-alcohol-use-a-survey-of-the-soberistas-online-community
#5
Julia M A Sinclair, Sophia E Chambers, Christopher C Manson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173774/treatment-patterns-and-survival-in-an-exhaustive-french-cohort-of-pazopanib-eligible-patients-with-metastatic-soft-tissue-sarcoma-sts
#6
Isabelle Ray-Coquard, Olivier Collard, Françoise Ducimetiere, Mathieu Laramas, Florence Mercier, Nadine Ladarre, Stephanie Manson, Bertrand Tehard, Sébastien Clippe, Jean-Philippe Suchaud, Laetitia Stefani, Jean-Yves Blay
BACKGROUND: The French EMS study prospectively collected exhaustive data from STS patients diagnosed in the Rhone-Alpes region from 2005 to 07. METHODS: The database included diagnosis/histology, surgery, radiotherapy, systemic treatments and treatment response. Treatment patterns and outcomes of patients with metastatic disease, excluding adipocytic sarcoma and GIST were analyzed. RESULTS: Of 888 total patients, 145 were included based on having metastatic disease and appropriate subtypes...
February 7, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166350/risk-and-benefit-information-and-use-of-aspirin-reply
#7
Samia Mora, JoAnn E Manson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146361/nanomechanical-sensing-using-spins-in-diamond
#8
Michael S J Barson, Phani Kumar Peddibhotla, Preeti Ovartchaiyapong, Kumaravelu Ganesan, Richard L Taylor, Matthew Gebert, Zoe Mielens, Berndt Koslowski, David Allan Simpson, Liam P McGuinness, Jeffrey C McCallum, Steven Prawer, Shinobu Onoda, Takeshi Ohshima, Ania Claire Bleszynski Jayich, Fedor Jelezko, Neil B Manson, Marcus W Doherty
Nanomechanical sensors and quantum nanosensors are two rapidly developing technologies that have diverse interdisciplinary applications in biological and chemical analysis and microscopy. For example, nanomechanical sensors based upon nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) have demonstrated chip-scale mass spectrometry capable of detecting single macromolecules, such as proteins. Quantum nanosensors based upon electron spins of negatively-charged nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond have demonstrated diverse modes of nanometrology, including single molecule magnetic resonance spectroscopy...
February 1, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141665/association-of-sleep-disturbance-and-sexual-function-in-postmenopausal-women
#9
Juliana M Kling, JoAnn E Manson, Michelle J Naughton, M'hamed Temkit, Shannon D Sullivan, Emily W Gower, Lauren Hale, Julie C Weitlauf, Sara Nowakowski, Carolyn J Crandall
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbance and sexual dysfunction are common in menopause; however, the nature of their association is unclear. The present study aimed to determine whether sleep characteristics were associated with sexual activity and sexual satisfaction. METHODS: Sexual function in the last year and sleep characteristics (past 4 wk) were assessed by self-report at baseline for 93,668 women age 50 to 79 years enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Observational Study (OS)...
January 30, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141663/the-women-s-health-initiative-evolving-insights-over-15-years
#10
Juliana M Kling, JoAnn E Manson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120645/neisseria-meningitidis-serogroup-c-sepsis-and-septic-arthritis-in-an-hiv-positive-man
#11
A Fox-Lewis, C P Eades, J J Manson, S Morris-Jones, R F Miller
A patient with well-controlled HIV-1 infection presented with fever and rigors, a widespread maculopapular rash, and severe generalised arthralgia. Sepsis of unknown aetiology was diagnosed, and treatment with broad-spectrum antimicrobials commenced. Following initial clinical improvement, a right knee septic arthritis developed. Microscopy and culture of the joint aspirate were negative for organisms but 16S rDNA PCR identified Neisseria meningitidis DNA, subsequently verified as capsular genogroup C, thus confirming a diagnosis of disseminated meningococcal sepsis with secondary septic arthritis...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116507/patient-s-experiences-of-being-discharged-home-from-hospital-following-a-diagnosis-of-malignant-spinal-cord-compression
#12
Jane Manson, Clare Warnock, Lesley Crowther
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to explore experiences in the days and weeks following discharge home following diagnosis and treatment for metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC). METHODS: Eleven participants took part in audio-recorded semi-structured interviews about their experiences at 1 and 3-4 weeks post-discharge home following a diagnosis of MSCC. Transcripts were analysed using a framework approach. RESULTS: Time emerged as an overarching theme within the framework of four time points: past, present, near future and distant future...
January 23, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092681/genomic-analysis-of-globally-diverse-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-strains-provides-insights-into-the-emergence-and-spread-of-multidrug-resistance
#13
Abigail L Manson, Keira A Cohen, Thomas Abeel, Christopher A Desjardins, Derek T Armstrong, Clifton E Barry, Jeannette Brand, Sinéad B Chapman, Sang-Nae Cho, Andrei Gabrielian, James Gomez, Andreea M Jodals, Moses Joloba, Pontus Jureen, Jong Seok Lee, Lesibana Malinga, Mamoudou Maiga, Dale Nordenberg, Ecaterina Noroc, Elena Romancenco, Alex Salazar, Willy Ssengooba, A A Velayati, Kathryn Winglee, Aksana Zalutskaya, Laura E Via, Gail H Cassell, Susan E Dorman, Jerrold Ellner, Parissa Farnia, James E Galagan, Alex Rosenthal, Valeriu Crudu, Daniela Homorodean, Po-Ren Hsueh, Sujatha Narayanan, Alexander S Pym, Alena Skrahina, Soumya Swaminathan, Martie Van der Walt, David Alland, William R Bishai, Ted Cohen, Sven Hoffner, Bruce W Birren, Ashlee M Earl
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), caused by drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is an increasingly serious problem worldwide. Here we examined a data set of whole-genome sequences from 5,310 M. tuberculosis isolates from five continents. Despite the great diversity of these isolates with respect to geographical point of isolation, genetic background and drug resistance, the patterns for the emergence of drug resistance were conserved globally. We have identified harbinger mutations that often precede multidrug resistance...
January 16, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049716/sideroflexin-3-is-a-%C3%AE-synuclein-dependent-mitochondrial-protein-that-regulates-synaptic-morphology
#14
Inês S Amorim, Laura C Graham, Roderick N Carter, Nicholas M Morton, Fella Hammachi, Tilo Kunath, Giuseppa Pennetta, Sarah M Carpanini, Jean C Manson, Douglas J Lamont, Thomas M Wishart, Thomas H Gillingwater
α-synuclein plays a central role in Parkinson's disease, where it contributes to the vulnerability of synapses to degeneration. However, the downstream mechanisms through which α-synuclein controls synaptic stability and degeneration are not fully understood. Here, comparative proteomics on synapses isolated from α-synuclein(-/-) mouse brain identified mitochondrial proteins as primary targets of α-synuclein, revealing 37 mitochondrial proteins not previously linked to α-synuclein or neurodegeneration pathways...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049454/identifying-mechanisms-for-facilitating-knowledge-to-action-strategies-targeting-the-built-environment
#15
Ghazal S Fazli, Maria I Creatore, Flora I Matheson, Sara Guilcher, Vered Kaufman-Shriqui, Heather Manson, Ashley Johns, Gillian L Booth
BACKGROUND: In recent years, obesity-related diseases have been on the rise globally resulting in major challenges for health systems and society as a whole. Emerging research in population health suggests that interventions targeting the built environment may help reduce the burden of obesity and type 2 diabetes. However, translation of the evidence on the built environment into effective policy and planning changes requires engagement and collaboration between multiple sectors and government agencies for designing neighborhoods that are more conducive to healthy and active living...
January 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039414/eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-presenting-with-a-vesicovaginal-fistula
#16
Bamidele Famokunwa, Jeremy Ockrim, Jessica J Manson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018887/residents-of-highly-walkable-neighbourhoods-in-canadian-urban-areas-do-substantially-more-physical-activity-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#17
Justin Thielman, Heather Manson, Maria Chiu, Ray Copes, Laura C Rosella
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that neighbourhood walkability is associated with small differences in physical activity; however, the health impacts of these small differences have been questioned. We examined the size of the association of walkability with accelerometer-measured physical activity in a large, national-level Canadian population, and compared results to physical activity levels recommended in international guidelines. Our primary objective was to investigate the direction and size of the differences in physical activity that were related to walkability, and whether these differences depended on age...
October 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008638/when-is-a-choice-not-a-choice-sham-offers-and-the-asymmetry-of-adolescent-consent-and-refusal
#18
Neil C Manson
In some jurisdictions there is a puzzling asymmetry between consent and refusal, where, for some kinds of treatment, the adolescent patient has the power to permit her own treatment but her refusal does not have the same kind of normative significance as refusal of treatment by a competent adult. In this journal I recently offered a clarification and defence of this asymmetry in terms of a paternalistic justification of the sharing of normative powers between adolescents and other parties. Lawlor (2016) offers a number of objections to this account...
December 23, 2016: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002287/salpingo-oophorectomy-at-the-time-of-benign-hysterectomy-a-systematic-review
#19
William H Parker, Michael S Broder, Jonathan S Berek, JoAnn E Manson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999982/the-prognostic-effect-of-ddx3-upregulation-in-distant-breast-cancer-metastases
#20
Marise R Heerma van Voss, Willemijne A M E Schrijver, Natalie D Ter Hoeve, Laurien D Hoefnagel, Quirine F Manson, Elsken van der Wall, Venu Raman, Paul J van Diest
Metastatic breast cancer remains one of the leading causes of death in women and identification of novel treatment targets is therefore warranted. Functional studies showed that the RNA helicase DDX3 promotes metastasis, but DDX3 expression was never studied in patient samples of metastatic cancer. In order to validate previous functional studies and to evaluate DDX3 as a potential therapeutic target, we investigated DDX3 expression in paired samples of primary and metastatic breast cancer. Samples from 79 breast cancer patients with distant metastases at various anatomical sites were immunohistochemically stained for DDX3...
January 2017: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
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