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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801302/improving-patient-centered-care-for-young-people-in-general-practice-with-a-codesigned-screening-app-mixed-methods-study
#1
Marianne Julie Webb, Greg Wadley, Lena Amanda Sanci
BACKGROUND: Despite experiencing a high prevalence and co-occurrence of mental health disorders and health-compromising behaviors, young people tend not to seek professional help for these concerns. However, they do regularly attend primary care, making primary care providers ideally situated to identify and discuss mental health and lifestyle issues as part of young people's routine health care. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate whether using a codesigned health and lifestyle-screening app, Check Up GP, in general practice influenced young people's assessment of the quality of their care (measures of patient-centered care and youth friendliness), and their disclosure of sensitive issues...
August 11, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801179/family-history-of-gastric-cancer-is-associated-with-the-risk-of-colorectal-neoplasia-in-korean-population
#2
Yoon Suk Jung, Nam Hee Kim, Hyo-Joon Yang, Soo-Kyung Park, Jung Ho Park, Dong Il Park, Chong Il Sohn
BACKGROUND: Family history of cancers at different sites except for colorectum has not been evaluated as a risk factor for colorectal neoplasia (CRN). AIMS: To investigate CRN risk according to family history of cancers at 12 different sites, including stomach and colorectum. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed on 139,497 asymptomatic Koreans who underwent colonoscopy as part of a health check-up. RESULTS: The mean age of the study population was 41...
July 22, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800670/-oral-health-and-pregnancy-patient-survey-using-a-questionnaire
#3
Tobias Odermatt, Andreas Schötzau, Irene Hoesli
Introduction and Hypothesis This study investigated how well pregnant patients were informed about the causes and effects of gingivitis during pregnancy. Factors such as age, level of education and nationality were taken into account. Data was collected for the overall oral hygiene of the patients and differences between outpatient and inpatient pregnancies were shown. Possible risk factors in terms of birth results were also defined. Methods With the use of a questionnaire, 83 patients (40 outpatients/43 inpatients) were asked about their oral hygiene, as well as their knowledge pertaining to the causes and effects of gingivitis...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798286/the-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-diffuse-type-early-gastric-cancer-diagnosed-during-health-check-ups
#4
Ji Young Lee, Eun Jeong Gong, Eun Ju Chung, Hye Won Park, Suh Eun Bae, Eun Hee Kim, Jaeil Kim, Yoon Suh Do, Tae Hyup Kim, Hye-Sook Chang, Ho June Song, Jaewon Choe, Hwoon-Yong Jung
Background/Aims: Because of the poor prognosis of diffuse-type gastric cancer, early detection is important. We investigated the clinical characteristics and prognosis of diffuse-type early gastric cancer (EGC) diagnosed in subjects during health check-ups. Methods: Among 121,111 subjects who underwent gastroscopy during a routine health check-up, we identified 282 patients with 286 EGC lesions and reviewed their clinical and tumor-specific parameters. Results: Patients with diffuse-type EGC were younger, and 48...
August 14, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797270/implementing-the-teen-marijuana-check-up-in-schools-a-study-protocol
#5
Bryan Hartzler, Aaron R Lyon, Denise D Walker, Lauren Matthews, Kevin M King, Kathryn E McCollister
BACKGROUND: Substance misuse is now encountered in settings beyond addiction specialty care, with schools a point-of-contact for student access to behavioral health services. Marijuana is a leading impetus for adolescent treatment admissions despite declining risk perception, for which the Teen Marijuana Check-Up (TMCU)-a tailored adaptation of motivational enhancement therapy-offers an efficacious service option. To bridge the knowledge gap concerning effective and affordable technical assistance strategies for implementing empirically supported services, the described trial will test such a strategy to facilitate school-based TMCU implementation...
August 10, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789713/vitamin-d-supplementation-and-vitamin-d-status-in-children-of-immigrant-background-in-norway
#6
Ahmed A Madar, Thomas E Gundersen, Anne M Haug, Haakon E Meyer
OBJECTIVE: Sufficient vitamin D status during infancy is important for child health and development. Several initiatives for improving vitamin D status among immigrant children have been implemented in Norway. The present study aimed to evaluate the vitamin D status and its determinants in children of immigrant background in Oslo. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Child health clinics in Oslo. SUBJECTS: Healthy children with immigrant background (n 102) aged 9-16 months were recruited at the routine one-year check-up from two child health clinics with high proportions of immigrant clients...
August 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779987/a-novel-technique-for-the-visualization-of-tablet-punch-surfaces-characterization-of-surface-modification-wear-and-sticking
#7
Claudia Al-Karawi, Thomas Kaiser, Claudia S Leopold
The surface quality of tablets is strongly related to the surface quality of the tablet punch. Therefore, regular control of the punch surfaces is needed to determine the surface properties, the wear status and sticking tendency of the punches. The aim of the present study was to develop and evaluate a new technique to visualize and evaluate tablet punch surfaces using high-resolution impression molding combined with 3D surface analysis. Standardized 3D surface texture parameters were analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) to characterized differently surface-modified punches, punches with different wear status and the sticking pattern on the punch surfaces...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779981/patients-requests-and-needs-for-culturally-and-individually-adapted-supportive-care-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-comparative-study-between-nordic-and-non-nordic-patients-in-a-social-economical-vulnerable-area-of-link%C3%A3-ping-sweden
#8
Angelica Staff, Peter Garvin, Ann-Britt Wiréhn, Pia Yngman-Uhlin
AIMS: This study sought to determine and compare the metabolic control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in non-Nordic immigrants and native Nordics. The aim was also to describe and compare the request of supportive care between these two groups. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-four patients (n=184) coming to a routine check-up in a primary healthcare setting (PHC), were consecutively enrolled to the study during a period of one year. Data on therapeutic interventions, clinical measurements, healthcare consumption, and adherence to standard diabetes healthcare program were extracted from the patientś medical record...
August 2, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776904/association-of-care-recipients-care-need-level-with-family-caregiver-participation-in-health-check-ups-in-japan
#9
Takehiro Sugiyama, Nanako Tamiya, Taeko Watanabe, Tomoko Wakui, Taiga Shibayama, Yoko Moriyama, Yui Yamaoka, Haruko Noguchi
AIM: The public mandatory long-term care insurance system in Japan has supposedly mitigated the care burden for family caregivers of older adults, whereas family caregivers still play a considerable role in providing care. The effect of informal caregiving on the caregiver's health has been of great interest. We investigated the relationship between the amplitude of informal caregiving and caregiver participation in health check-ups in Japan. METHODS: The present study was a cross-sectional analysis of nationally representative data in Japan (2010 Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions)...
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767909/association-of-subclinical-inflammation-glycated-hemoglobin-and-risk-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#10
Carolina Vicaria Rodrigues D'Aurea, Bruno Gion de Andrade Cerazi, Antonio Gabriele Laurinavicius, Carolina Castro Porto Silva Janovsky, Raquel Dilguerian de Oliveira Conceição, Raul D Santos, Márcio Sommer Bittencourt
Objective: To investigate the inter-relation between high sensitivity C-reactive protein and glycated hemoglobin in prediction of risk of obstructive sleep apnea. Methods: We included all individuals participating in a check-up program at the Preventive Medicine Center of Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein in 2014. The Berlin questionnaire for risk of obstructive sleep apnea was used, and the high sensitivity C-reactive protein and glycated hemoglobin levels were evaluated...
April 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764214/study-of-retinal-nerve-fibre-layer-thickness-and-visual-contrast-sensitivity-in-hiv-positive-individuals
#11
Rudrajit Paul, Asim K Ghosh, Adwaita Nag, Shyamapada Biswas, Britisundar Naiya, Jayati Mondal
INTRODUCTION: Measurement of Retinal Nerve Fibre Layer Thickness (RNFLT) by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a sensitive, non invasive and cheap method of detecting early retinal changes in a variety of diseases. In HIV infection, RNFLT is altered and this may have effect on other visual functions like Contrast Sensitivity (CS) and visual acuity. Such ocular pathology can affect the daily life and profession (especially driving) of HIV infected individuals. However, studies on this topic in HIV infected population are rare from India...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753607/total-and-differential-wbc-counts-are-related-with-coronary-artery-atherosclerosis-and-increase-the-risk-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-koreans
#12
Jung Hee Kim, Soo Lim, Kyong Soo Park, Hak Chul Jang, Sung Hee Choi
OBJECTIVE: Inflammation is a key mechanism of atherosclerosis. White blood cells (WBCs) play a pivotal role in the inflammatory process. We investigated the relationships between total and differential WBC counts and multi-detector cardiac computed tomography (MDCT) findings, as well as the risk of cardiovascular disease in asymptomatic patients in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited asymptomatic men (n = 7274) and women (n = 5478) aged ≥30 years who were free of known coronary heart disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746658/relationship-between-periodontal-disease-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-young-and-middle-aged-brazilians-cross-sectional-study
#13
Alessandra Carvalho Goulart, Favius Armani, Astrid Marie Arap, Thais Nejm, Juliana Barros Andrade, Henry Bittar Bufarah, Danielli Haddad Syllos Dezen
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested in the literature that periodontal disease (PD) is associated with cardiovascular risk. The objective of this study was to appraise the relationship between periodontal disease (gingivitis and periodontitis) and traditional cardiovascular risk factors (obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes and metabolic syndrome) among young and middle-aged adults attended at a health promotion and check-up center in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at the Health Promotion and Check-up Center of Hospital Sírio-Libanês, São Paulo, Brazil...
May 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743962/relationship-between-obesity-and-development-of-erosive-reflux-disease-a-mediation-analysis-of-the-role-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors
#14
Hyuk Lee, Yaeji Lim, Sangah Chi, Yang Won Min, Byung-Hoon Min, Jun Haeng Lee, Poong-Lyul Rhee, Jae J Kim
This study aimed to evaluate whether the relationship between obesity and erosive reflux disease (ERD) is mediated by cardiometabolic risk factors. This cohort study included subjects who underwent repeated endoscopy. To assess whether the association between body mass index (BMI) and ERD development was mediated by cardiometabolic parameters, multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were fitted for mediation analysis. Of 15,154 subjects with negative index endoscopy findings during health check-up, 11,686 subjects who underwent repeated endoscopy were included...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740946/is-it-necessary-to-perform-prophylactic-cholecystectomy-for-all-symptomatic-gallbladder-polyps-diagnosed-with-ultrasound
#15
Mehmet Velidedeoğlu, Bülent Çitgez, Akif Enes Arıkan, Fadıl Ayan
OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study is to determine the necessity of cholecystectomy in patients with ultrasound diagnosed symptomatic polypoid lesions of the gallbladder. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data of 82 patients with polypoid lesions of the gallbladder who had cholecystectomy between 2000 and 2012 were analyzed retrospectively with preoperative ultrasound and histopathology results. RESULTS: The mean age was 48.05±11.18 years (range 25-74 years)...
2017: Turk J Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739423/sociodemographic-and-economic-characteristics-of-susceptibility-to-rubella-among-women-preparing-for-pregnancy-in-rural-china
#16
Fangchao Liu, Shikun Zhang, Jue Liu, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Min Liu
OBJECTIVE: Infection with rubella virus during pregnancy can result in congenital defects and adverse pregnancy outcomes. The risk of rubella infection is greatly determined by level of rubella antibodies in serum. We conducted a survey on seronegativity rates of rubella antibodies in 0.78 million women who were planning to have a baby in rural China in order to evaluate the herd susceptibility in different age groups and Per Capita GDP regions. METHODS: In order to evaluate the herd susceptibility to rubella, we launched a nationwide population-based study of Chinese rural women who were planning to have a baby aged 21-49 years...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736848/the-risk-of-colorectal-neoplasia-can-be-different-according-to-the-types-of-family-members-affected-by-colorectal-cancer
#17
Nam Hee Kim, Hyo-Joon Yang, Soo-Kyung Park, Jung Ho Park, Dong Il Park, Chong Il Sohn, Yoon Suk Jung
BACKGROUND: A family history of colorectal cancer (CRC) is an important risk factor for CRC, but more detailed data are needed to prepare effective screening guidelines. We aimed to evaluate the risk of colorectal neoplasia (CRN) among individuals with different relatives affected by CRC (the first-degree relatives [FDRs] or the second-degree relatives [SDRs] or the first cousins) and to assess the effects of family histories according to age groups (30-39, 40-49, and ≥50 years). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed on 98,562 asymptomatic examinees aged ≥ 30 years who underwent colonoscopy as part of a health check-up...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735255/ascending-aortic-diameter-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-men
#18
Hyejin Chun
This study aimed to evaluate the association of ascending aortic diameter (AAD) measured by low-dose chest CT (LDCT) and metabolic syndrome (MS) in Korean men. AAD was measured with LDCT in 1046 healthy Korean men (mean age 50.7±9.7 years, range 28 to 69 years) participating in medical health check-up in a university health promotion center. AAD was defined as the longest length measured from the left main coronary ostium to the level of the right pulmonary artery in the axial plane in LDCT. The association between AAD and MS was examined using logistic regression...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734090/sleep-duration-and-progression-to-diabetes-in-people-with-prediabetes-defined-by-hba1c-concentration
#19
Chan-Won Kim, Yoosoo Chang, Eunju Sung, Seungho Ryu
AIMS: To evaluate the association between sleep duration and the risk of progression to diabetes among people with prediabetes, defined by HbA1c values. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study in 17 983 adults who underwent health check-up examinations, including assessments of sleep duration and quality. Diabetes was defined as either HbA1c ≥48 mmol/mol (6.5%), or the use of antidiabetic medication. Time-dependent proportional hazards models were used to evaluate the association between sleep duration and the risk of progression to diabetes...
July 22, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732511/primary-liver-transplantation-and-liver-retransplantation-comparison-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-mental-status-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Johannes Broschewitz, Georg Wiltberger, Nicco Krezdorn, Felix Krenzien, Julia Förster, Georgi Atanasov, Hans-Michael Hau, Moritz Schmelzle, Andreas Hinz, Michael Bartels, Christian Benzing
BACKGROUND: Liver Retransplantation (Re-LT) procedures are associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Up to date, there is no knowledge on the health-related quality of life and the mental status of these patients. METHODS: Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) was assessed by using the Short Form 36 (SF-36) Health Survey and Mental Status was assessed by using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). The patients were examined in different assessments: During regular check-up examinations in the LT outpatient department in 2011 (Survey 1) and in a postal survey in 2013 (Survey 2)...
July 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
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