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Francesco Landi, Riccardo Calvani, Anna Picca, Matteo Tosato, Anna Maria Martone, Elena Ortolani, Sara Salini, Teodosio Pafundi, Giulia Savera, Cecilia Pantanelli, Roberto Bernabei, Emanuele Marzetti
Background: Primordial prevention is essential for promoting cardiovascular health and longevity through the so-called seven cardiovascular health metrics (CHMs) (i.e. smoking, body mass index, diet, physical activity, blood pressure, blood glucose and total cholesterol). Measures of muscle mass and function are recognized as powerful predictors of health-related events and survival. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to assess the prevalence and distribution of the seven CHMs and measures of muscle mass and function in an unselected cohort of community-dwellers...
March 14, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Hye Ryoun Jang, Danbee Kang, Dong Hyun Sinn, Seonhye Gu, Soo Jin Cho, Jung Eun Lee, Wooseong Huh, Seung Woon Paik, Seungho Ryu, Yoosoo Chang, Tariq Shafi, Mariana Lazo, Eliseo Guallar, Juhee Cho, Geum-Youn Gwak
This study aimed to investigate the association of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its severity with the decline in kidney function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We conducted a cohort study of 1,525 CKD patients who underwent repeated health check-up examinations from January 2003 through December 2013. NAFLD was diagnosed by ultrasonography and its severity was assessed by the NAFLD fibrosis score. At baseline, the prevalence of NAFLD was 40.9%, and the mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 59...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Shahrzad Rahimifar, Adel Montazeri
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the third most common malignancy in men worldwide. Despite being a helpful biomarker in prostate cancer, prostate specific antigen (PSA) is affected by different factors including age, lifestyle, geographical region and ethnicity. OBJECTIVE: To determine the age specific serum PSA level among healthy Northern Iranian men and to compare the results of our study with the findings of other populations in the world. METHODS: A total of 1271 men who were referred for routine check-up in a multispecialty hospital in the city of Rasht, in Northern Iran, were evaluated for their PSA levels by commercial ELISA method...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Immunology: IJI
Tsutomu Namikawa, Kazune Fujisawa, Eri Munekage, Masaya Munekage, Yusuke Oki, Hiromichi Maeda, Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Hiroshi Ueta, Michiya Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Hanazaki
The present case report presents a rare case of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated early gastric carcinoma with lymphoid stroma, accompanied by lymph node metastasis. A 61-year-old woman was referred to our hospital following observation of a gastric mass lesion that was initially diagnosed at a medical check-up. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a slightly elevated lesion with a central irregular depression in the middle third of the stomach. Endoscopic ultrasonography revealed a well-circumscribed hypoechoic mass located predominantly within the submucosa and the mucosa...
April 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Jane M Garbutt, Sherry Dodd, Emily Walling, Amanda A Lee, Katharine Kulka, Rebecca Lobb
BACKGROUND: The national guideline for use of the vaccine targeting oncogenic strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV) is an evidence-based practice that is poorly implemented in primary care. Recommendations include completion of the vaccine series before the 13th birthday for girls and boys, giving the first dose at the 11- to 12-year-old check-up visit, concurrent with other recommended vaccines. Interventions to increase implementation of this guideline have had little impact, and opportunities to prevent cancer continue to be missed...
March 13, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
Ayşe Tunçer Vural, Arzu Karataş Toğral, Mahir Kırnap, A Tülin Güleç, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Solid-organ transplant recipients are at an increased risk of developing skin cancer; this risk is due to long-term graft-preserving immunosuppressive therapy, and excessive sun exposure is a major contributing factor to this process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the skin cancer awareness and sun-protective behavior of solid-organ transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 70 consecutive solid-organ transplant recipients were evaluated regarding knowledge of their increased skin cancer risk and regarding the influence of this knowledge on their sun-protective practices, by applying a questionnaire during their routine check-up visits...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
O E J Ebbens, M J Lawant, A A Schuller
In this study, factors that may influence the dental visiting patterns of people over 65 living independently were investigated. The results of a questionnaire (n = 164; 53% response) revealed that 89% of them regularly visited the dentist for a check-up. Factors affecting dental visits were: whether or not one had difficulty planning a visit, whether or not one was motivated to make an appointment and actually made one, the condition of one's teeth; whether or not one had dental insurance and whether or not one reacted to a dental reminder (post)card...
March 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
Masaki Mogi, Katsuhiko Kohara, Yasuharu Tabara, Kana Tsukuda, Michiya Igase, Masatsugu Horiuchi
Our previous report indicated that sarcopenia is associated with arterial stiffness and cardiovascular death. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in cardiovascular disease and its activation may be correlated with sarcopenia according to basic research. However, few clinical studies have assessed the correlation between skeletal muscle loss and RAS component concentrations in healthy subjects. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between the excretion of angiotensinogen (AGT) and aldosterone (Ald) in 24-h urine samples and clinical and sarcopenic indices...
March 9, 2018: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
S L Verweij, N H Schut, R E A M Zwartelé, M L Becker
BACKGROUND: Infected joint replacements can be treated with gentamicin-containing materials for implantation. This may lead to side effects, especially in patients with impaired renal function. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 74-year-old woman underwent two surgeries for an acutely infected hip replacement. Gentamicin sponges (Garacol) were implanted during both interventions. The day after the second operation, her serum gentamicin levels had risen to toxic values. This confirmed the suspicion that she had a kidney impairment which was probably caused by the implanted gentamicin-containing sponges...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Akihiro Takeda, Wataru Koike, Kazuko Watanabe
A 45-year-old multipara woman was referred due to the rapid enlargement of an asymptomatic pelvic mass that was detected during a regular check up. She had undergone laparoscopic-assisted myomectomy 15 years previously. At the time, the uncontained extraction of an intraligamental myoma with electric power morcellation had been performed. Multimodal imaging revealed a heterogeneous mass in the vesicouterine pouch that was found to be supplied by the left gastro-omental and superior vesical arteries. Although malignancy could not be completely denied, parasitic peritoneal myoma with myxoid degeneration was the most probable diagnosis...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Shinichiro Oshima, Takakazu Higuchi, Sadamu Okada, Osamu Takahashi
Background: Larger platelets are more active and mean platelet volume (MPV) is an indicator of platelet activation and an independent risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. While MPV is reported to be higher in diabetic patients, the relationship between MPV and glycemic parameters in general population remains inconclusive. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we studied relationship between MPV and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and HbA1c levels in 38,204 unselected participants of general health check-up aged 20 years or older in the year of 2014 who were considered to be representative of the general population...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Claude Marcus
The Swedish study Better Diabetes Diagnosis (BDD) has now been ongoing for ten years and detailed information and blood samples have been collected from more than 8000 children and adolescents with newly diagnosed diabetes. We have been able to demonstrate that by means of HLA diabetes antibodies and C-peptide the discrimination between type one and type 2 diabetes is improved. These analyses are therefore included in the clinical check-up for all children and adolescents in Sweden who are diagnosed with diabetes...
March 6, 2018: Läkartidningen
Tibor Géczi, Edit Csada, László Tiszlavicz, György Lázár, József Furák
INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer is the most common malignant tumor in Europe and Hungary. In 2010, 10 557 new cases were registered in Hungary; 80-85% of these cases were associated with smoking. AIM: In our work we analyzed the data of lung cancer patients of the last 15 years retrospectively. METHOD: We examined the demographic characteristics, the histological type, the stage of the lung cancer, the type of the surgical procedure used, other supplemental treatment and survival retrospectively...
March 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Cynthia M Rand, Nicolas P N Goldstein
OBJECTIVE: Because most adolescent vaccinations are delivered in primary care, opportunities to vaccinate depend on the presence of visits and types of visits. We evaluated: 1) national visit patterns (having an annual preventive visit with a physician, provider type seen, visit types) for adolescents across the United States, and 2) the type of physician visits at which vaccines are administered for this age group. METHODS: We performed a secondary data set analysis of the 2014 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey...
March 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Minyoung Lee, Haeri Baek, Jong Suk Park, Sohee Kim, Chanhee Kyung, Su Jung Baik, Byoung Kwon Lee, Jie-Hyun Kim, Chul Woo Ahn, Kyung Rae Kim, Shinae Kang
Helicobacter pylori is a gastrointestinal pathogen known to be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, most analyses about the effect of H. pylori infection have been done in patients with a history of CVD but not in healthy subjects. We evaluated the association between H. pylori infection and subclinical atherosclerosis by using cardiac multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in healthy subjects without previous CVD. From December 2007 to February 2014, 463 subjects who underwent the rapid urease test (CLO test), pulse-wave velocity (PWV) measurement, and MDCT for a self-referred health check-up were enrolled to this study...
2018: PloS One
J M S Yrjänä, R Bloigu, P Kulmala
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Whether the guidelines on infant nutrition, food allergy and atopic dermatitis confer real health benefits in practice at the population level has not been deeply studied. We aimed here to characterize the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions regarding these issues among primary health care professionals. In addition, we surveyed available parent-reported information sources and the incidence of food-related symptoms, dietary restrictions, food allergy, and atopic dermatitis among one-year-old children in the general population...
February 26, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Helen Andersson, Lennart Hedström, Stefan Bergman, Håkan Bergh
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a two-step screening method for hypertension in dentistry regarding the number needed to screen (NNS) and positive predictive value (PPV) and to risk-classify those with newly diagnosed hypertension. METHODS: In connection with their regular dental care check-up, 2025 subjects aged 40-75 years were screened for high blood pressure. Via a health questionnaire, data were collected concerning risk factors. Blood pressure was screened comprehensively in two steps, which included screening in a dental clinic and home measurements for one week...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Gulali Aktas, Mustafa Sit, Oguz Dikbas, Hayri Erkol, Rabia Altinordu, Edip Erkus, Haluk Savli
OBJECTIVE: Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder. The purpose of this study was to determine the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), a novel marker of inflammation, in patients with HT and to compare these values with those from healthy subjects. METHOD: A total of 154 participants were included in the study, 90 HT patients and 64 healthy volunteers. Retrospectively, demographic and laboratory data of the subjects were obtained from our institution's database...
December 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
C Denos, I Dreyfus, C Chiaverini, C Labreze, C Abasq, A Phan, S Mallet, L Monteil, J Mazereeuw-Hautier
INTRODUCTION: Aquagenic keratoderma (AK) is a rare condition characterized by wrinkled and edematous appearance of the skin of the hands occurring within minutes of immersion in water. Other than in a setting of cystic fibrosis, AK has rarely been reported in children, with only 13 clinical cases on record. Many clinicians are unfamiliar with AK and have fears relating to the association with cystic fibrosis The aim of this study is to describe the characteristics and to discuss management of the disease...
February 24, 2018: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Matthias David, Katrin Alexandra Scherer, Wolfgang Henrich, Jürgen Breckenkamp
Objectives: Does the incidence and/or indication(s) for emergency cesarean section differ if the pregnant woman has an immigrant background (IB)? Does a lack of language proficiency (communication problems) and a low acculturation level result in a longer decision-to-delivery interval (D-D interval)? Are neonates born to women with IB by emergency cesarean section in a poorer condition post delivery? Patient cohorts and method: Standardized interviews were carried out before or immediately after delivery in three Berlin obstetric hospitals...
February 2018: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
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