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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938139/hpv-literacy-and-its-link-to-initiation-and-completion-of-hpv-vaccine-among-young-adults%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-minnesota
#1
H Y Lee, J Lee, C Henning-Smith, J Choi
OBJECTIVES: This study identifies whether, and how, human papillomavirus (HPV) literacy and predisposing, enabling, and need factors are associated with HPV vaccine initiation and completion among young adults in Minnesota. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey design. METHODS: Using a sample of 170 young adults (aged 18-26 years), we used logistic regression models to identify factors associated with HPV vaccination initiation and completion, including HPV literacy, adjusting for relevant predisposing, enabling, and need factors...
September 19, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936486/the-burden-and-social-determinants-of-asthma-for-adults-in-the-state-of-georgia
#2
Mark Ebell, Christian Marchello, Jean O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a serious chronic health condition, and social determinants may affect its prevalence. METHODS: Data from the Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance Survey (BRFSS), the Georgia Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS), and the Georgia hospital and emergency department survey for patients with a diagnosis of asthma were used. All data were from the years 2011 through 2014. SAS and SUDAAN software were used to calculate weighted prevalence estimates and to perform univariate and multivariate analyses of the association between social determinants, other risk factors, and asthma outcomes...
2017: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936268/mildly-elevated-serum-total-bilirubin-is-negatively-associated-with-hemoglobin-a1c-independently-of-confounding-factors-among-community-dwelling-middle-aged-and-elderly-persons
#3
Ryuichi Kawamoto, Daisuke Ninomiya, Kensuke Senzaki, Teru Kumagi
Abnormally high glycated hemoglobin (Hb) (HbA1c) is significantly associated with oxidative stress and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Serum total bilirubin (T-B) may have a beneficial role in preventing oxidative changes and be a negative risk factor of CVD. Limited information is available on whether serum T-B is an independent confounding factor of HbA1c. The study subjects were 633 men aged 70 ± 9 (mean ± standard deviation (SD)) years and 878 women aged 70 ± 8 years who were enrolled consecutively from among patients aged ≥40 years through a community-based annual check-up process...
January 2017: J Circ Biomark
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932369/diagnostic-accuracy-of-fecal-calprotectin-in-assessing-the-severity-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-from-laboratory-to-clinic
#4
Soheila Moein, Durdi Qujeq, Mostafa Vaghari Tabari, Mehrdad Kashifard, Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involves chronic inflammation of the digestive tract. In the past decades, fecal calprotectin has been proposed as a useful biomarker for the differential diagnosis between IBD patients and healthy controls. We designed this study to evaluate the diagnostic ability of fecal calprotectin (FC) and conventional inflammatory markers in IBD patients. METHODS: Thirty patients who underwent colonoscopy were cases and thirty healthy subjects undergoing colonoscopy as part of a medical check-up were the controls...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930823/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-was-associated-with-asymptomatic-gallstones-in-a-chinese-population
#5
Qiao-Hua Qiao, Wen-Hua Zhu, Yun-Xian Yu, Fei-Fei Huang, Li-Ying Chen
The aim of this study was to determine the association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and asymptomatic gallstones in a Chinese population.The study had a cross-sectional design and enrolled 7583 subjects who visited the physical check-up center at Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital between 2009 and 2011. Colorimetric methods were used to measure the levels of cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), whereas fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level was measured using a dextrose-oxidizing enzyme method...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930301/night-shift-work-and-risk-of-compromised-visual-acuity-among-the-workers-in-an-electronics-manufacturing-company
#6
Yu-Cheng Lin, Kuo-Jung Ho
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between night-shift work exposure and visual health, this cross-sectional study utilized visual acuity, a surrogate measure for visual function, as a parameter, and performed an analysis comparing visual acuity between daytime and nighttime employees in an electronics manufacturing company. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data of personal histories, occupational records, physical examinations and blood tests was obtained from the electronic health records of workers...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922089/the-jolly-fat-effect-in-middle-aged-korean-women
#7
Gyeyoon Yim, Younjhin Ahn, Juhee Cho, Yoosoo Chang, Seungho Ryu, Joong-Yeon Lim, Hyun-Young Park
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that depression and obesity are bi-directionally associated, and when overweight people appear to show a lower risk of depression, this supports the "Jolly Fat" hypothesis. The aim of this study was to examine the "Jolly Fat" hypothesis in middle-aged women in Korea, by different perceived stress levels. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 44 to 56 aged Korean women (n = 2201) who underwent a health check-up program at the healthcare centers of Kangbuk Samsung Hospital (Seoul and Suwon centers) in Korea...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917549/a-multicenter-randomized-trial-of-a-checklist-for-endotracheal-intubation-of-critically-ill-adults
#8
David R Janz, Matthew W Semler, Aaron M Joffe, Jonathan D Casey, Robert J Lentz, Bennett P deBoisblanc, Yasin A Khan, Jairo I Santanilla, Itay Bentov, Todd W Rice
BACKGROUND: Hypoxemia and hypotension are common complications during endotracheal intubation of critically ill adults. Verbal performance of a written, pre-intubation checklist may prevent these complications. We compared a written, verbally-performed, pre-intubation checklist to usual care with regard to lowest arterial oxygen saturation or lowest systolic blood pressure experienced by critically ill adults undergoing endotracheal intubation. METHODS: A multicenter trial in which 262 adults undergoing endotracheal intubation were randomized to a written, verbally-performed, pre-intubation checklist (checklist) or no pre-intubation checklist (usual care)...
September 13, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912385/-primary-fracture-prevention-through-the-osteoporosis-liaison-service
#9
Shinichi Nakatoh
It is difficult to prevent primary fragility fractures because the subjects have not yet experienced a fracture. The offers of the community Osteoporosis Liaison Service are important for primary prevention of fragility fractures. The prevention, education, enlightenment, and the offer of osteoporosis examinations are included in this service. It is necessary to deliver the prevention services and osteoporosis education according to the age of the subjects. Hence, for young people, it is effective to include in school education that getting high peak bone mass is important, and for the middle-aged population, it is necessary to include education on the maintenance of bone quantity and the impact on risk factors such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906508/a-prospective-case-control-clinical-study-of-titanium-zirconium-alloy-implants-with-a-hydrophilic-surface-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#10
José Cabrera-Domínguez, Lizett Castellanos-Cosano, Daniel Torres-Lagares, Guillermo Machuca-Portillo
PURPOSE: To evaluate prospectively the behavior of narrow-diameter (3.3-mm) titanium-zirconium alloy implants with a hydrophilic surface (Straumann Roxolid SLActive) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in single-unit restorations, compared with a healthy control group (assessed using the glycosylated hemoglobin HbA1c test). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients evaluated in this study required single-unit implant treatment; 15 patients had type 2 diabetes mellitus, and 14 patients were healthy (control group [CG])...
September 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904874/red-cell-distribution-width-predicts-incident-dipstick-albuminuria-in-korean-adults-without-chronic-kidney-disease
#11
Young Youl Hyun, Hyang Kim, Kyu-Beck Lee
BACKGROUND: Red cell distribution width (RDW) is an emerging marker of inflammation and a predictor of high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality as well as all-cause mortality. A previous cross-sectional study showed that RDW was associated with microalbuminuria, an indicator of target organ damage. However, the longitudinal association of RDW and development of albuminuria is not known. METHODS: We analyzed 83,040 participants without chronic kidney disease (CKD) at baseline who underwent two health check-ups at a 4-year interval during 2005 to 2014...
September 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902826/-treatment-of-type-ib-endoleak-after-endoprosthetic-repair-of-infrarenal-aneurysm
#12
A A Karpenko, P V Ignatenko, I V Popova
The article deals with a case report regarding successful surgical management of late type IB endoleak caused by dislocation of the leg of the stent graft, occurring three years after endoprosthetic repair of an aneurysm of the aortic infrarenal portion with the COOK stent graft, aneurysmectomy with prosthetic repair of the right common femoral artery using the linear vascular graft Intergard 8Ч20. The patient underwent surgical treatment: endoprosthetic repair of the iliac branch ZSLE-24-90-90 ZT of the Zenith Spiral AAA stent graft...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901865/penile-and-testicular-measurements-in-male-neonates-and-infants-single-center-egyptian-study
#13
Adel A Hagag, Adel A Erfan, Shaymaa M Elrifaey, Rasha M Gamal, Ahmed I Harakan
BACKGROUND: Universal reference values of penile length, circumferences and testicular volume in newborns and infants are inappropriate to be used in variable ethnic backgrounds. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective study was to establish normal reference values for stretched penile length, penile circumference and testicular volume for Egyptian newborn and infants. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This observational cross-sectional study included 1850 healthy male full term newborn and infants applied for routine check-up, aged 0 -24 months, the newborn and infants were recruited from Tanta University Hospital in the period from July 2015 to January 2017...
September 12, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893487/-the-advantages-of-3d-imagery-in-diagnosing-and-supervising-children-s-and-teenagers-scoliosis
#14
L Mainard-Simard, L Lan, D Fort
Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine. One or several curves of more than 10 degrees in the frontal plane can be seen with the rotation of vertebrae in the axial plane, which modifies sagittal curves. In addition to esthetic harm, the morbidity of a scoliosis depends on the extent of the deformation. Treatment, whether it be orthopedic or surgical, is aggressive and never completely cures the condition. At best the deformation will be stabilized at the end of growth. Therefore, it is essential to detect any slight curve and quickly identify any potential progressive form in order to treat it...
September 8, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891279/is-ph-a-vaginal-health-marker-phemale-study
#15
Santiago Palacios, Silvia P González, Maria Jesus Cancelo
OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological data regarding vaginal pH in Spain are scarce. An epidemiological study was therefore undertaken to confirm the physiological pattern of vaginal pH in Spanish women. The primary outcome measure was vaginal pH. Secondary outcomes included the relationship between vaginal pH and BMI, physical activity, working status, contraceptive use, sexual intercourse in the two days prior to the visit and clinical vaginal symptoms. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in which 2,136 healthy women over 18 years of age who requested a check-up were recruited...
September 5, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884335/association-between-objective-signs-and-subjective-symptoms-of-dry-eye-disease-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#16
Aniko Rentka, Annamaria Nagy, Jolan Harsfalvi, Gabriella Szucs, Zoltan Szekanecz, Rudolf Gesztelyi, Peter Szodoray, Adam Kemeny-Beke
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between clinical signs and symptoms of dry eye disease (DED) in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). This cross-sectional observational study included 19 SSc patients and 19 normal subjects with no ocular symptoms or ocular surface disorders. Clinical parameters included tear film break-up time (tBUT), Schirmer I, lissamine green (LG) dye, and tear film osmolarity tests, tear production, and tear secretion flow. For assessment of the dry eye symptoms, the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire was administered to all patients...
September 7, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883276/acute-exacerbation-of-organizing-pneumonia-leading-to-sudden-death-in-a-patient-with-sarcoidosis-lymphoma-syndrome
#17
Kazuhide Iizuka, Jun Ando, Azuchi Masuda, Tomonori Ochiai, Ran Tomomasa, Hajime Yasuda, Tomoiku Takaku, Yasunori Ota, Takashi Yao, Akihiko Gotoh, Norio Komatsu
The subject was an 83-year-old female; she had a history of Propionibacterium acnes-related sarcoidosis at the age of 79 years. At diagnosis, she was treated with clarithromycin and achieved remission. Four years later, during a routine physical check-up, she presented with pulmonary opacities and swelling of multiple lymph nodes. A definitive diagnosis of lymphoma could not be made by inguinal lymph node biopsy. The patient's general condition was good, and we observed her clinical course. Oh the 56th day of her illness, she died suddenly...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883024/hearing-threshold-shifts-among-military-pilots-of-the-israeli-air-force
#18
Liyona Kampel-Furman, Z Joachims, H Bar-Cohen, A Grossman, Y Frenkel-Nir, Y Shapira, E Alon, E Carmon, B Gordon
BACKGROUND: Military aviators are potentially at risk for developing noise-induced hearing loss. Whether ambient aircraft noise exposure causes hearing deficit beyond the changes attributed to natural ageing is debated. The aim of this research was to assess changes in hearing thresholds of Israeli Air Force (IAF) pilots over 20 years of military service and identify potential risk factors for hearing loss. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted of pure-tone air conduction audiograms of pilots, from their recruitment at 18 years of age until the last documented medical check-up...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882921/women-s-decision-making-autonomy-and-utilisation-of-maternal-healthcare-services-results-from-the-bangladesh-demographic-and-health-survey
#19
Bishwajit Ghose, Da Feng, Shangfeng Tang, Sanni Yaya, Zhifei He, Ogochukwu Udenigwe, Sharmistha Ghosh, Zhanchun Feng
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the association between women's decision-making power and utilisation of maternal healthcare services (MHS) among Bangladeshi women. SETTINGS: This is a nationally representative survey that encompassed Dhaka, Rajshahi, Rangpur, Chittagong, Khulna, Barisal and Sylhet in Bangladesh. Sample households were selected by a two-stage stratification technique. First, 207 clusters in urban areas and 393 in rural areas were selected for 600 enumeration areas with proportional probability...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877827/influences-of-gender-and-age-on-the-prevalence-and-complications-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#20
Mei-Juan Cai, Xiang-Nan Kong, Xiao-Yun Zhao
Objective To investigate the effects of gender and age on the prevalence and complications of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD). Methods A total of 8429 NAFLD patients were selected from the Health Check-up Center and Outpatient Departments of Qilu Hospital of Shandong University(Qingdao).The questionnaire-based survey,physical examinations,biochemical tests,and liver ultrasonography were performed for all cases.Patients were divided into young group(<45 years),middle aged group(45 years≤age<60 years),and old group(≥60 years)according to age,and the clinical features and laboratory findings were analyzed...
August 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
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