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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636624/metabolically-healthy-obesity-is-associated-with-higher-prevalence-of-colorectal-adenoma
#1
Dong Hyun Sinn, Yang Won Min, Hee Jung Son, Poong-Lyul Rhee, Seung Woon Paik, Sung Noh Hong, Geum-Youn Gwak
BACKGROUND: The risk of colorectal adenoma (CRA), an important precursor of colorectal cancer, is largely unknown among obese individuals without obesity-related metabolic abnormalities, a condition described as metabolically-healthy obese (MHO). The aim of this study was to examine the association among metabolic status, the different categories of body mass index (BMI), and CRA in a large cohort of adults. METHODS: We analyzed the association among metabolic status, BMI categories and CRA in asymptomatic adults who underwent a first-time colonoscopy as part of the comprehensive health check-up program at the Health Promotion Center of Samsung Medical Center, from January 2005 to December 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632662/treatment-of-incomplete-jones-fractures-with-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-lipus
#2
Tateishi Tomohiko, Tsuyoshi Nagase, Teruhiko Nakagawa, Tsuchiya Masamitsu
OBJECTIVE: Stress fractures of the proximal epiphysis of the fifth metatarsal bone (termed Jones fracture) frequently occur in both senior high-school-age and older contestant-level soccer players, and its incidence in Japanese soccer players is higher than that in European players. Surgery is most commonly indicated for a complete fracture, and about 3 months are required before the patient is able to return to the sport. We have performed a "Jones fracture screening" to reduce the incidence of these fractures...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626171/association-between-overall-lifestyle-changes-and-the-incidence-of-proteinuria-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Minako Wakasugi, Junichiro Kazama, Ichiei Narita, Kunitoshi Iseki, Shouichi Fujimoto, Toshiki Moriyama, Kunihiro Yamagata, Tsuneo Konta, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Koichi Asahi, Masahide Kondo, Issei Kurahashi, Yasuo Ohashi, Kenjiro Kimura, Tsuyoshi Watanabe
Objective This study aimed to examine the association between the changes in an overall healthy lifestyle, as quantified by the number of unhealthy lifestyle factors and obesity status, and the incidence of proteinuria in the general Japanese population. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted among 99,404 (men, 36.9%) participants aged from 40-74 years of age who underwent two health check-ups with a 1-year interval in Japan between 2008 and 2009. Any participants with chronic kidney disease at baseline were excluded...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625023/-studyon-renal-cell-carcinoma-detected-by-abdominal-ultrasonography-during-routine-health-check-up
#4
Masahito Ishikawa, Ayae Kawakami, Kohei Sakuraba, Sae Tanaka, Yoichi Yamamoto, Tateru Ishida, Mitsuru Kawarasaki, Toshihiro Ootaki, Shigeru Ozasa
We performed a study on renal cell carcinoma (RCC) detected by abdominal ultrasonography during routine health check-up at Sapporo Teishin Hospital. The study included a total of 13,127 ultrasonographic examinations performed on 4,339 patients who visited our hospital for routine health check-ups during a 21- year period from April 1995 to March 2016. RCC was suspected from ultrasonographic findings and later histopathologically diagnosed in 11 patients in this group (detection rate 0.25%). Patients were male, aged 37 to 64 (median, 52...
May 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617015/using-implementation-science-to-guide-the-integration-of-evidence-based-family-interventions-into-primary-care
#5
Justin D Smith, Jodi Polaha
This article is a demonstration of how an implementation-science (IS) framework can be coupled with the measurement of implementation outcomes to effectively integrate evidence-based family interventions in primary care. The primary care environment presents a number of challenges for successfully integrating such interventions. However, IS methods can improve the prospect of successfully implementing a new intervention while simultaneously and rigorously evaluating the impact on salient outcomes. We used our experiences across 2 pilot trials in which the family check-up (Smith, Montaño, Mauricio, Berkel, & Dishion, 2016), an evidence-based family intervention, was integrated into primary care...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616554/alpha2a-adrenergic-receptor-and-enos-genetic-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-exercise-muscle-vasodilatation-in-apparently-healthy-individuals
#6
Rafael Amorim Belo Nunes, Lucia Pereira Barroso, Alexandre da Costa Pereira, Maria Urbana Pinto Brandão Rondon, Carlos Eduardo Negrão, José Eduardo Krieger, Alfredo José Mansur
PURPOSE: Muscle vasodilatation during exercise has been associated with cardiovascular health and may be influenced by genetic variability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate functional genetic polymorphisms of physiologic pathways related to the regulation of the cardiovascular function (alpha-adrenergic receptors, endothelial nitric oxide synthase and bradykinin B2 receptor) and exercise muscle vasodilatation in apparently healthy men and women. METHODS: We enrolled 689 individuals without established cardiovascular disease that had attended a check-up program...
December 2016: IJC Heart & Vasculature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614473/-active-community-case-finding-for-uptake-of-pregnant-and-postpartum-women-in-ecuador
#7
Jakeline Calle Roldán, Cecilia Acuña, Paulina Ríos
Objective: Document and analyze Ecuador's experience using active community case-finding for uptake of pregnant and postpartum women in Ecuador. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted of information obtained on active community case-finding of pregnant and postpartum women in the catchment areas of 200 primary care facilities of Ecuador's Ministry of Public Health. Results: Visits were made to 460 451 homes in 20 provinces; 15 622 pregnant women and 4 014 postpartum women were identified...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611732/specificity-re-evaluation-of-oligonucleotide-probes-for-the-detection-of-marine-picoplankton-by-tyramide-signal-amplification-fluorescent-in-situ-hybridization
#8
Virginie Riou, Marine Périot, Isabelle C Biegala
Oligonucleotide probes are increasingly being used to characterize natural microbial assemblages by Tyramide Signal Amplification-Fluorescent in situ Hybridization (TSA-FISH, or CAtalysed Reporter Deposition CARD-FISH). In view of the fast-growing rRNA databases, we re-evaluated the in silico specificity of eleven bacterial and eukaryotic probes and competitor frequently used for the quantification of marine picoplankton. We performed tests on cell cultures to decrease the risk for non-specific hybridization, before they are used on environmental samples...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610564/using-genotyping-to-delineate-tuberculosis-transmission-in-long-term-care-facilities-single-facility-4-year-experience
#9
Wen-Cheng Chao, Pei-Chun Chuang, Don-Han Wu, Chieh-Liang Wu, Po-Yu Liu, Chi-Chang Shieh, Ruwen Jou
BACKGROUND: Residents in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are vulnerable to tuberculosis (TB) transmission; however, to delineate possible routes of TB transmission in LTCFs is difficult. This study aimed to address the use of regular genotyping surveillance to delineate TB transmission in LTCFs. METHODS: All of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in the reported 620-bed LTCF between July 2011 and August 2015 were genotyped, and we retrospectively compared epidemiological data and genotyping results...
June 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603826/differences-between-idiopathic-and-ischemic-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#10
Sana Fennira, Ihsen Zairi, Zouhaier Jnifene, Mariem Lakhal, Sofiene Kammoun, Sondos Kraiem
BACKGROUND: Ischemic cardiomyopathy can be reversible after revascularization hence the interest of making systematic coronary angiography that remain an invasive procedure. AIM: To detect epidemiological, clinical and paraclinical differences between idiopathic and ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy to identify predictors of coronary artery disease and to evaluate the interest of making systematic coronary angiography within the etiological check-up of dilated cardiomyopathy...
August 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603784/association-between-years-of-experience-and-ankle-joint-disorder-in-male-student-basketball-players-based-on-ultrasonography
#11
Yaeko Fukushima
PURPOSE: The goal of the study was to survey ankle joint disorder in male senior high school and college student basketball players based on the results of an ultrasonographic medical check-up of the ankle joint. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects were 17 senior high school student and 19 college student basketball players. Ultrasonography, evaluation of ATFL injury, and examination of the talocrural joint region were performed. The subjects were grouped based on the presence or absence of old ATFL injury, and subjects with ATFL injury were classified by the injured region: fibular insertion site, parenchyma, and talar insertion site...
April 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601985/poor-early-childhood-outcomes-attributable-to-maternal-depression-in-mexican-women
#12
Filipa de Castro, Jean Marie Place, Aremis Villalobos, Rosalba Rojas, Tonatiuh Barrientos, Edward A Frongillo
We aimed to estimate the population fraction of poor early child health and developmental outcomes attributable to maternal depressive symptoms (DS) contrasting it between low- and middle/high-income households. We used a nationally representative probabilistic sample of 4240 children younger than 5 years old and their mothers, derived from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey Data (ENSANUT 2012). Complex survey design, sampling, and analytic weights were taken into account in analyses. DS was measured by CESD-7...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599185/qsar-models-for-predicting-acute-toxicity-of-pesticides-in-rainbow-trout-using-the-coral-software-and-efsa-s-openfoodtox-database
#13
Andrey A Toropov, Alla P Toropova, Marco Marzo, Jean Lou Dorne, Nikolaos Georgiadis, Emilio Benfenati
Optimal (flexible) descriptors were used to establish quantitative structure - activity relationships (QSAR) for toxicity of pesticides (n=116) towards rainbow trout. A heterogeneous set of hundreds of pesticides has been used, taken from the EFSA's chemical Hazards Database: OpenFoodTox. Optimal descriptors are preparing from simplified molecular input-line entry system (SMILES). So-called, correlation weights of different fragments of SMILES are calculating by the Monte Carlo optimization procedure where correlation coefficient between endpoint and optimal descriptor plays role of the target function...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594811/-successful-two-stage-surgical-treatment-of-a-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysm-a-case-report
#14
V V Shlomin, D A Zverev, E D Zvereva, P D Puzdriak, P B Bondarenko, M L Gordeev
Presented herein is a clinical case report regarding hybrid or two-stage surgical treatment of a Crawford type II thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm in an 87-year-old woman. For the first stage operation we performed open resection of the abdominal aortic aneurysm with aortofemoral bifurcation prosthetic repair and debranching of visceral and renal arteries. Several months thereafter, the second stage operation was performed, consisting in transcatheter exclusion of the thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm with the help of two stent grafts...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594792/-assessment-of-functional-state-of-microcirculatory-bed-of-the-foot-in-patients-with-lower-limb-critical-ischaemia
#15
S A Platonov, V V Zavatskiĭ, M A Kiselev, A I Avramenko, A S Novitskiĭ, I A Alimkhadzhiev, D V Kandyba, V E Savello, I P Dudanov
The authors assessed perfusion of the foot in patients presenting with lower limb critical ischaemia before and after endovascular revascularization, as well as analysed the interrelationship between the change of perfusion and the clinical result of treatment. The study includes a total of 15 patients presenting with ulcerative-necrotic defects of the foot. All patients underwent study of 2D-perfusion of the foot before and after the endovascular intervention. The '2D-perfusion' package was used within the framework of an angiographic examination, and required neither increase in the volume of the contrast medium nor radiation load...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592126/autologous-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-acute-myeloid-leukemia-single-center-experience
#16
I Simancikova, E Bojtarova, M Hrubisko, F Farkas, D Horvathova, L Sopko, A Batorova, M Mistrik
We aimed to determine the effect of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) on acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients as a valid alternative therapeutic option for patients without HLA-compatible donor. This retrospective single center study included 79 patients with AML older than 18 years. In this report, we describe the patient characteristics, engraftment, toxicity of treatment, complications, overall survival, and relapse incidence of 79 patients treated chemotherapy and followed by auto-HSCT...
June 8, 2017: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581375/teledentistry-new-oral-care-tool-for-prisoners
#17
Nicolas Giraudeau, Camille Inquimbert, Robin Delafoy, Paul Tramini, Jean Valcarcel, Fadi Meroueh
Purpose In France, all incarcerated prisoners are required to undergo a dental examination (Ministère de la santé et de la protection sociale, 2004 and Ministère de la justice, 2004). However, only one in two prisoners benefits from this oral health check-up. Oral teleconsultation could improve the quality of oral care in prisons. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach The focus of this study was therefore to apply oral teleconsultation as an experiment. Using an oral teleconsultation system, a dentist and a nurse were separately asked to give patients a score, according to how urgently their dental issue needed to be treated...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578545/modifiable-lifestyle-factors-associated-with-osteoporosis-in-korean-men-a-case-control-study
#18
Kye-Yeung Park, Hwan-Sik Hwang, Hoon-Ki Park
The prevention, education, and treatment of osteoporosis are all recognized as important components in men as well as women. This study revealed that the lifestyle factors associated with male osteoporosis included being underweight and being a current smoker. Being overweight or obese and having a regular exercise habit were negatively associated with male osteoporosis. PURPOSE: Osteoporosis is a significant health problem in Korea and worldwide. Although osteoporosis is less prevalent in males than in females, the fracture-related mortality rate is higher in males than in females...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575963/highly-sensitive-and-selective-non-enzymatic-electrochemical-glucose-sensors-based-on-graphene-oxide-molecular-imprinted-polymer
#19
Sheeba Alexander, P Baraneedharan, Shriya Balasubrahmanyan, S Ramaprabhu
Graphene Oxide-Molecular Imprinted Polymer (GO-MIP) based electrochemical sensor was developed for the first time towards enzyme less determination of glucose. This GO-MIP was obtained from a series of fictionalization, polymerization and template molecule introduction/removal during the synthesizing process. The proposed GO-MIP based electrode showed excellent electrocatalytic activity towards glucose oxidation at optimized conditions and possessing detection limit of 0.1nM with a response time of ~2min. The current response of GO-MIP based glucose sensor was linearly related to the concentration of glucose...
September 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574988/the-differing-influence-of-several-factors-on-the-development-of-fatty-liver-with-elevation-of-liver-enzymes-between-genders-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Masahiro Sogabe, Toshiya Okahisa, Masahiko Nakasono, Hiroshi Fukuno, Yoshihiko Miyamoto, Yasuyuki Okada, Jun Okazaki, Jinsei Miyoshi, Tetsu Tomonari, Tatsuya Taniguchi, Takahiro Goji, Shinji Kitamura, Hiroshi Miyamoto, Naoki Muguruma, Tetsuji Takayama
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is known to be strongly associated with obesity, visceral fat, metabolic syndrome (MS), lifestyle, and lifestyle-related diseases in both males and females. However, the prevalence of NAFLD, MS, and clinical backgrounds is different between males and females. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a cross-sectional study to examine the differing influence of lifestyle-related factors and visceral fat on fatty liver (FL) with elevation of liver enzymes between males and females with MS...
2017: PloS One
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