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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331630/factors-affecting-deliveries-attended-by-skilled-birth-attendants-in-bangladesh
#1
Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Swagata Ghosh, Shakir Hossen, Rifath Ara Alam Barsha, Atia Sharmeen, S M Iftekhar Uddin
BACKGROUND: The presence of skilled birth attendants (SBAs) is crucial in childbirth to reduce the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) and to achieve the maternal mortality target of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The aim of this study was to investigate the factors related to childbirths attended by SBAs in Bangladesh. METHODS: Data from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (2014 BDHS) were analyzed. Logistic regression was applied to calculate crude odds ratios (CORs), adjusted odds ratios (AORs), 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and p-values...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331102/clinical-features-of-women-with-turner-syndrome-experiencing-transition-period-in-japan
#2
Satsuki Nishigaki, Takashi Hamazaki, Akitoshi Tsuruhara, Toshiko Yoshida, Takuji Imamura, Hiroshi Inada, Keinosuke Fujita, Haruo Shintaku
Turner syndrome results from the entire or partial loss of the second X chromosome, and is associated with a number of medical problems. Affected women require long-term medical follow-up. This study investigated the status of medical follow-up focusing on the transition for young adult women with Turner syndrome (TS). The clinical profiles of 63 women with TS over the age of 16 were retrospectively examined. Thirty-three women are continuously followed by pediatric endocrinologists at our pediatric division...
March 22, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329433/understanding-maternal-postpartum-needs-a-descriptive-survey-of-current-maternal-health-services
#3
Mona Ma Almalik
OBJECTIVE: To assess mothers' learning needs and concerns after giving birth and to examine whether these needs were met at 6-8 weeks postpartum. BACKGROUND: Women experience many physiologic and psychological changes during postpartum period which is considered a vital transitional time. Exploring and meeting women's needs help woman to pass this period with little complications and enhance health care provider's ability to provide appropriate care following childbirth...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323590/the-ecology-of-medical-care-among-israeli-military-aviators
#4
Barak Gordon, Yuval Levy, Tal Yemini, Erez Carmon, Yifat Erlich, Doron Hermoni
BACKGROUND: The ecology of medical care model has been used in various populations with varying results. We aimed to apply this model in the population of Israeli Air Force (IAF) aviators. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was presented to all Israeli Air Force aviators during their mandatory yearly check-up over 1 yr starting on November 26th, 2012. The questionnaire contained items on demographic, personal, and military details, as well as items on the presence of clinical symptoms, and various health care contacts in the previous month...
December 1, 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316152/-long-term-follow-up-to-identify-the-rectal-potentially-malignant-nodules-in-female-by-digital-rectal-examination
#5
S S Wang, J Y Zhou, Z J Wang, S R Su, J Sun, R G W Sharen
Objective: To investigate the characteristics of the rectal potentially malignant nodules in female by digital rectal examination (DRE). Methods: Retrospectively, we collected the medical information and follow-up of rectal nodules cases diagnosed as benign by DRE during the health check-up in our hospital from Jan 2002 to Dec 2015. All nodules were recorded position, size, shape, hardness and mobility. Statistical analysis was performed to select the potentially malignant cases of postoperative pathological diagnosis and disappeared nodules followed up by DRE...
March 14, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314596/on-treatment-hbv-dna-level-could-predict-hbeag-seroclearance-in-patients-with-hbeag-positive-chronic-hepatitis-b-with-entecavir-therapy
#6
Yi-Jie Huang, Chi-Sen Chang, Yen-Chun Peng, Hong-Zen Yeh, Sheng-Shun Yang
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) status is associated with clinical outcomes, and seroconversion of HBeAg is one of the treatment goals. In this study, we determined the association of on-treatment serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA levels in HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B patients who were receiving entecavir (ETV) treatment. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted involving 135 (78 male and 57 female; mean age, 42.3 ± 13 years) patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300484/factors-associated-with-general-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-menopausal-transition-among-women-from-serbia
#7
Jelena Dotlic, Ilma Kurtagic, Selmina Nurkovic, Nikolina Kovacevic, Sanja Radovanovic, Biljana Rancic, Branislav Milosevic, Milan Terzic, Tatjana Gazibara
This study assessed factors associated with quality of life (QOL) among Serbian peri- and postmenopausal women using two menopause-specific scales. This cross-sectional study included 500 women aged 40-65 years who had a gynecologic check-up in one of two Community Health Centers in Belgrade during February 2014 to January 2015. Women completed: a questionnaire about socio-demographics, habits and health status; a menopause-specific questionnaire, Utian's Quality of Life Scale (UQOL); a Women's Health Questionnaire (WHQ) and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI)...
March 16, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299245/medical-big-data-for-research-use-current-status-and-related-issues
#8
Koichi Benjamin Ishikawa
Advances in the computerization of information and development of technology have mitigated restrictions on handling of a large amount of information. This has resulted in growth of expectations for the use of large-scale databases, or so-called "big data." This is also the case in the field of healthcare. Projects that involve building of the national receipt database (NDB) of medical fee bill (receipt) information and special health check-up information based on the Act on Assurance of Medical Care for Elderly People and the development of medical information databases have been pursued by the national government, and considerable attention has also been focused on researches conducted through the secondary uses of publicly collected data...
September 2016: Japan Medical Association Journal: JMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296249/association-between-non-invasively-diagnosed-hepatic-steatosis-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-chinese-adults-at-a-health-check-up
#9
Jing Zeng, Chao Sun, Wan-Lu Sun, Guang-Yu Chen, Qin Pan, Shi-Yan Yan, Zheng-Jie Xu, Yuan-Wen Chen, Jian-Gao Fan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and prevalent chronic kidney disease (CKD) using controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) and fatty liver index (FLI) values in Chinese adults undergoing a health check-up. METHODS: A total of 731 adults without diabetes or significant alcohol consumption who underwent routine health evaluations were included. The eGFR, CAP, FLI and abdominal ultrasonography results were assessed...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288177/the-association-between-right-ventricular-free-wall-strain-and-exercise-capacity-for-health-check-up-subjects
#10
Wei-Ting Chang, Yen-Wen Liu, Ping-Yen Liu, Chih-Hsin Hsu, Wei-Chuan Tsai
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) function has been found to be a major factor of exercise capacity in patients with heart failure. However, the role of RV function in exercise capacity in healthy subjects has not been well studied. This study aims to validate the role of RV strain derived from speckle tracking echocardiography for exercise capacity for health check-up subjects. METHODS: This study prospectively recruited subjects from a routine health examination...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286203/association-between-manual-loading-and-newly-developed-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-subjects-with-physical-disabilities-a-follow-up-study
#11
Yen-Nung Lin, Chun-Chieh Chiu, Shih-Wei Huang, Wen-Yen Hsu, Tsan-Hon Liou, Yi-Wen Chen, Kwang-Hwa Chang
OBJECTIVE: To identify the association between body composition and newly developed carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and search for the best probabilistic cutoff value of associated factors to predict subjects with physical disabilities developing new CTS. DESIGN: Longitudinal. SETTING: A serial yearly physical check-up program for full-time employees of an organization. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-seven subjects with physical disabilities (mean age ±SD, 42...
March 9, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285092/visceral-to-subcutaneous-fat-ratio-is-independently-related-to-small-and-large-cerebrovascular-lesions-even-in-healthy-subjects
#12
Satoshi Higuchi, Yusuke Kabeya, Kiyoe Kato
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The severity of obesity is evaluated by visceral-to-subcutaneous fat ratio (VS ratio), which may be useful for predicting atherosclerosis. However, it is unclear how VS ratio affects different types of cerebrovascular lesions. This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical impact of visceral fat accumulation on the cerebrovascular lesions. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 980 apparently healthy Japanese adults who underwent a health check-up program focused toward atherosclerosis, between 2011 and 2014...
March 2, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284203/factors-associated-with-cervical-cancer-screening-participation-among-immigrants-of-russian-somali-and-kurdish-origin-a-population-based-study-in-finland
#13
Esther E Idehen, Tellervo Korhonen, Anu Castaneda, Teppo Juntunen, Mari Kangasniemi, Anna-Maija Pietilä, Päivikki Koponen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies revealed low participation in cervical cancer screening among immigrants compared with non-immigrants. Only a few studies about factors associated with immigrants' lower participation rates have been conducted in European countries that have universal access for all eligible women. Our study aimed to explore factors associated with cervical screening participation among women of Russian, Somali, and Kurdish origin in Finland. METHODS: We used data from the Migrant Health and Well-being Survey, 2010-2012...
March 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282559/platelets-and-circulating-cd34-positive-cells-as-an-indicator-of-the-activity-of-the-vicious-cycle-between-hypertension-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-elderly-japanese-men
#14
Yuji Shimizu, Shimpei Sato, Jun Koyamatsu, Hirotomo Yamanashi, Mako Nagayoshi, Koichiro Kadota, Shin-Ya Kawashiri, Keita Inoue, Yasuhiro Nagata, Takahiro Maeda
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The bi-directional association between hypertension and endothelial dysfunction (vicious cycle) is crucial for the development of cardiovascular disease. Since platelets and circulating CD34-positive cells have been reported to contribute to vascular repair (endothelial repair and the development of atherosclerosis), these two factors could act as an indicator for the activity of this vicious cycle. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 580 Japanese men aged 60-69 years who underwent an annual health check-up...
February 24, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280382/retention-of-finger-blood-flow-against-postural-change-as-an-indicator-of-successful-sympathetic-block-in-the-upper-limb
#15
Toshihiko Nakatani, Tatsuya Hashimoto, Ichiro Sutou, Yoji Saito
BACKGROUND: Sympathetic block in the upper limb has diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic utility for disorders in the upper extremity that are associated with sympathetic disturbances. Increased skin temperature and decreased sweating are used to identify the adequacy of sympathetic block in the upper limb after stellate ganglion block (SGB). Baroreflexes elicited by postural change induce a reduction in peripheral blood flow by causing sympathetic vasoconstriction. We hypothesized that sympathetic block in the upper limb reduces the decrease in finger blood flow caused by baroreflexes stimulated by postural change from the supine to long sitting position...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278013/improving-postnatal-check-ups-for-mothers-in-west-africa-a-multilevel-analysis
#16
Bola Lukman Solanke, Emmanuel O Amoo, Adenike Esther Idowu
This study examined multilevel factors related to postnatal check-ups for mothers in selected West African countries. The study analyzed data from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) for five West African countries: Sierra Leone (2013), Cote d'Ivoire (2012), Guinea (2012), Niger (2012) and Liberia (2013). The weighted sample sizes were 2125 (Cote d'Ivoire), 2908 (Guinea), 1905 (Liberia), 5660 (Niger) and 3754 (Sierra Leone). The outcome variable was maternal postnatal check-ups. The explanatory variables were community and individual/household characteristics...
February 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272806/a-markov-model-assessing-the-impact-on-primary-care-practice-revenues-and-patient-s-health-when-using-mid-level-providers-lesson-learned-from-the-united-kingdom
#17
Harry Hill, Richard Macey, Paul Brocklehurst
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of using mid-level providers for dental "check-up" examinations and the treatment of caries in different NHS settings in the United Kingdom. Mid-level providers are a broad category that describes non-dentist members of dental teams. This study focused on the potential use of Dental Hygiene Therapists undertaking dental "check-up" examinations and simple restorative treatment, instead of dentists. METHODS: A Markov model was used to construct the natural history of caries development in adults that visit a dental practice every six months over a five-year period...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265463/the-cardiovascular-risk-factors-associated-with-the-plaque-pattern-on-coronary-computed-tomographic-angiography-in-subjects-for-health-check-up
#18
Dong-Hyeon Lee, Ho-Joong Youn, Hae-Ok Jung, Kiyuk Chang, Yun-Seok Choi, Jung Im Jung
BACKGROUND: Although it is known that coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) offers highly negative predictive value to exclude obstructive coronary lesions, the plaque pattern on CCTA has not been fully understood. The purpose of this study was to explore the difference of the plaque patterns on CCTA and to assess the cardiovascular risks in healthy subjects. METHODS: A total of 3914 subjects (mean age: 55 ± 10 years, M : F = 2649 : 1265) who underwent CCTA for health check-up between January 2009 and December 2012 were enrolled...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260514/coral-software-analysis-of-impacts-of-pharmaceutical-agents-upon-metabolism-via-the-optimal-descriptors
#19
Alla P Toporova
Optimal descriptors, which are aimed to predict values of endpoints with apparent influence upon metabolism are crytically compared in aspect of their robustness and heuristic potential. Arguments which are confirming the necessity of reformulation of basics of quantitative structure - property / activity relationships (QSPRs/QSARs) are listed. The arguments are the following: (i) each QSAR model is the stochastic experiment. The result of this experiment is defined by distribution into the training set and validation set; (ii) real predictive potential of a model should be checked up with a group of different splits into the training and validation sets; and (iii) only model stochastically stable for a defined group of the above splits can be estimated as a reliable tool for the prediction of the examined endpoint...
February 28, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259876/asymptomatic-carotid-t1-high-intense-plaque-as-a-risk-factor-for-a-subsequent-cerebrovascular-ischemic-event
#20
Yoshitaka Kurosaki, Kazumichi Yoshida, Hitoshi Fukuda, Akira Handa, Masaki Chin, Sen Yamagata
BACKGROUND: Intraplaque hemorrhage, detected as a high-signal intensity on carotid MRI, is also strongly associated with ischemic events in symptomatic patients. However, in asymptomatic patients, the relationship of the T1-high intense plaque and the subsequent stroke is not clear. The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that asymptomatic carotid T1-high intense plaque is a risk factor for a subsequent cerebrovascular ischemic event. METHODS: Of the 1,353 consecutive patients, who underwent head and carotid MRI as part of their annual medical check-up, the imaging quality of 13 was poor and 150 did not present for follow-up examination, thus leaving 1,190 subjects for evaluation...
March 4, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
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