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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330373/the-association-of-fit-fat-index-with-incident-diabetes-in-japanese-men-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Robert A Sloan, Susumu S Sawada, Lee I-Min, Yuko Gando, Ryoko Kawakami, Takashi Okamoto, Koji Tsukamoto, Motohiko Miyachi
Type 2 diabetes is increasing globally and in Asia. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of a fit-fat index (FFI) with diabetes incidence among Japanese men. In total 5,014 men aged 18-64 years old, who had an annual health check up with no history of major chronic disease at baseline from 2002 to 2009 were observed. CRF was estimated via cycle ergometry. Overall, 7.6% of the men developed diabetes. The mean follow-up period was 5.3 years. Hazard ratios, 95% confidence intervals and P trend for diabetes incidence were obtained using the Cox proportional hazards model while adjusting for confounding variables...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330163/affective-stimuli-in-behavioural-interventions-soliciting-for-health-check-up-services-and-the-service-users-socioeconomic-statuses-a-study-at-japanese-pachinko-parlours
#2
Naoki Kondo, Yoshiki Ishikawa
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomically vulnerable people are likely to have more health risks because of inadequate behaviour choices related to chronic social stresses. Brain science suggests that stress causes cognitively biased automatic decision making, preferring instant stress relief and pleasure (eg, smoking, alcohol use and drug abuse) as opposed to reflectively seeking health-maintenance services (eg, health check-ups). As such, hedonic stimuli that nudge people towards preventive actions could reduce health behaviour disparities...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325420/adolescent-and-caregivers-experiences-of-electronic-adherence-assessment-in-paediatric-problematic-severe-asthma
#3
Amy C Stewart, Kenneth N Gannon, Fran Beresford, Louise Fleming
This study explored the experiences of adolescents and their caregivers regarding adherence to inhaled corticosteroids which are assessed through an electronic monitoring device (EMD). These devices are increasingly being used for assessing medication adherence, yet there is little information about patient's experience of these tools. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight adolescents with severe asthma, aged 11-15 years, who were electronically monitored as part of their care, along with their caregivers...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325340/-association-between-small-dense-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-and-carotid-atherosclerosis
#4
X F Li, X Xu, G W Liang, D H Shao
Objective: To explore the association between small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL-C) and carotid atherosclerosis. Methods: 1 578 subjects were enrolled in an annual health check-up program in aerospace center hospital from 2016 to 2017, and these patients were divided into 471 cases (men 343 and women 128) with carotid atherosclerosis (subjects with increased carotid artery intima-media thickness or carotid atherosclerosis plaque) and 1 107 cases (men 567 and women 540) with non- carotid atherosclerosis according to ultrasonography...
December 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324990/weight-gain-after-smoking-cessation-does-not-modify-its-protective-effect-on-myocardial-infarction-and-stroke-evidence-from-a-cohort-study-of-men
#5
Kyuwoong Kim, Sang Min Park, Kiheon Lee
Aims: This study aimed to investigate the association between smoking cessation, post-cessation body mass index (BMI) change and risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke in men. Methods and results: A prospective cohort study using the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) data set collected from 2002 to 2013 was implemented. Based on the first (2002-03) and second (2004-05) NHIS health check-up periods, 108 242 men aged over 40 years without previous diagnoses of MI or stroke were grouped into sustained smokers, quitters with BMI gain, quitters without BMI change, quitters with BMI loss, and non-smokers...
January 6, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324874/clinical-risk-stratification-model-for-advanced-colorectal-neoplasia-in-persons-with-negative-fecal-immunochemical-test-results
#6
Yoon Suk Jung, Chan Hyuk Park, Nam Hee Kim, Jung Ho Park, Dong Il Park, Chong Il Sohn
OBJECTIVES: The fecal immunochemical test (FIT) has low sensitivity for detecting advanced colorectal neoplasia (ACRN); thus, a considerable portion of FIT-negative persons may have ACRN. We aimed to develop a risk-scoring model for predicting ACRN in FIT-negative persons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of participants aged ≥40 years who underwent a colonoscopy and FIT during a health check-up. We developed a risk-scoring model for predicting ACRN in FIT-negative persons...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310384/different-histological-types-of-triple-metachronous-primary-lung-carcinomas-in-1-patient-case-report
#7
Jee Hyuk Kim, Seung Yong Park, Seoung Ju Park, Myoung Ja Chung, Heung Bum Lee
INTRODUCTION: The documented incidence of multiple primary lung cancer has increased as a result of the widespread use of early detection tools. We report the successful surgical treatment of a case who had consecutive metachronous adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the lung after successful treatment for small cell carcinoma of the lung.A 73-year-old man underwent a routine health check-up. Computed tomography showed ground-glass opacity in the upper lobe of the right lung, which was diagnosed as small cell carcinoma...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310336/removal-of-a-subdermal-contraceptive-implant-implanon-nxt-that-migrated-to-the-axilla-by-c-arm-guidance-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Ji Ung Park, Han Sol Bae, Seung Mi Lee, Jaehoon Bae, Jeong Woo Park
RATIONALE: To report the distant migration of a subdermal contraceptive implant and to suggest that C arm-guided technique is one of the feasible options for removal of the device migrated to the axilla. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 41-year-old multipara with tingling sensation in the left axilla was referred for removal of an Implanon NXT which could not be palpated by physical examination or detected by ultrasound scanning. Finally, the device was detected by computed tomography and found migrating to the left axilla...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305626/hyperglycaemia-is-associated-with-cancer-related-but-not-non-cancer-related-deaths-evidence-from-the-ipc-cohort
#9
Jean-Marc Simon, Frederique Thomas, Sebastien Czernichow, Olivier Hanon, Cedric Lemogne, Tabassome Simon, Bruno Pannier, Nicolas Danchin
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Hyperglycaemia has been associated with the incidence of all and specific types of cancer, distinct from the risks related to diabetes. The relationships between blood glucose and mortality rates related to all and specific cancers were analysed in comparison with all-cause or non-cancer-related mortality rates in a large, general primary care population in France. METHODS: Between January 1991 and December 2008, 301,948 participants (193,221 men and 108,727 women), aged 16-95 years (mean ± SD 44...
January 5, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294568/-risk-and-related-factors-on-metabolic-syndrome-among-people-who-had-received-screening-on-physical-check-up-programs-in-china
#10
H Y Zhao, J Yang, F Sun, X H Yang, Z R Yang, S F Wang, S Y Zhan
Objective: To explore the risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MS) by using the data from cohorts involving people having received screening programs for physical check-up, in three areas of China (Beijing, Hongkong and Taiwan). Methods: A total number of 6 828 nonmetabolic syndromic adults, who received physical examination for the first time and with records kept for longer than 5 years (between 2004 and 2010) at the MJ centers, were recruited. Criteria developed by the Joint Committee for Developing Chinese Guidelines on Prevention and Treatment of Dyslipidemia in Chinese Adults in 2007 (JCDCG-2007) was used for defining the metabolic syndrome...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289960/helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-prevalence-of-high-blood-pressure-among-chinese-adults
#11
Zhengce Wan, Liu Hu, Mei Hu, Xiaomei Lei, Yuancheng Huang, Yongman Lv
Epidemiological studies demonstrated that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection was associated with cardiovascular disease and its risk factors. However, the association between H. pylori infection and hypertension remained unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between H. pylori infection and prevalence of hypertension among Chinese adults. We performed a cross-sectional study of 5246 adult participants who were recruited from a health manage center. All participants underwent a 13C-urea breath test and a routine health check-up...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288691/a-prospective-study-of-the-impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-restrictive-and-obstructive-lung-function-impairment-the-saku-study
#12
Nao Sonoda, Akiko Morimoto, Yukako Tatsumi, Kei Asayama, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Satoshi Izawa, Yuko Ohno
BACKGROUND: To assess the impact of diabetes on restrictive and obstructive lung function impairment. METHODS: This 5-year prospective study included 7524 participants aged 40-69years without lung function impairment at baseline who underwent a comprehensive medical check-up between April 2008 and March 2009 at Saku Central Hospital. Diabetes was defined by fasting plasma glucose ≥7.0mmol/l (126mg/dl), HbA1c≥6.5% (48mmol/mol), or a history of diabetes, as determined by interviews conducted by the physicians...
December 28, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283958/risk-of-pneumonia-after-vertebral-compression-fracture-in-women-with-low-bone-density-a-population-based-study
#13
Byunghyun Kim, Joonghee Kim, You Hwan Jo, Si-Hyuck Kang, Yeon Joo Lee, Jae Hyuk Lee, Je Eun Hwang, Min Ji Park, Sihyung Lee
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective large population based-study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to elucidate the association between VCFs and pneumonia. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Vertebral compression fracture (VCF) is known to be associated with impaired pulmonary function. However, the risk of developing a pneumonia after a new-onset VCF has not been evaluated. METHODS: The data source was the National Health Screening Program Cohort, a population-based sample cohort of national health screening enrolees...
December 27, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281978/prevalence-and-control-of-hypertension-among-a-community-of-elderly-population-in-changning-district-of-shanghai-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Zhi-Qi Yang, Qi Zhao, Ping Jiang, Song-Bai Zheng, Biao Xu
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is considered a major public health challenge. It is the most important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is a prominent risk for China's elderly population. However, few studies have addressed the effect of blood pressure control on elderly hypertension patients in China. In response, this study aimed to investigate the prevalence and control of hypertension in the elderly population in Shanghai's communities. METHODS: A secondary data analysis based on a government-financed health check-up program for an elderly population aged 65 and older from 2012 to 2014 was conducted in a central district of Shanghai...
December 28, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279671/dental-students-knowledge-of-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#15
Daniele Rosella, Piero Papi, Giorgio Pompa, Mario Capogreco, Francesca De Angelis, Stefano Di Carlo
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate and assess knowledge and attitude of dental students about medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ), to optimize future training programs in this field. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was administrated. Ninety-eight participants agreed to complete an anonymous questionnaire. It was divided into two sections: the first section was about general information such as interviewer's gender and date of birth; the second section included questions about bisphosphonates (BPs), others medication associated to osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), risk factors, and prevention of osteonecrosis...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275877/effect-of-institutional-experience-on-outcomes-of-alcohol-septal-ablation-for-hypertrophic-obstructive-cardiomyopathy
#16
Josef Veselka, Lothar Faber, Morten Kvistholm Jensen, Robert Cooper, Jaroslav Januska, Jan Krejci, Thomas Bartel, Maciej Dabrowski, Peter Riis Hansen, Vibeke Marie Almaas, Hubert Seggewiss, Dieter Horstkotte, Radka Adlova, Henning Bundgaard, Jurriën Ten Berg, Max Liebregts
BACKGROUND: The current American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association guidelines on hypertrophic cardiomyopathy state that institutional experience is a key determinant of successful outcomes and lower complication rates of alcohol septal ablation (ASA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ASA according to institutional experience with the procedure. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 1310 patients with symptomatic obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who underwent ASA and were divided into 2 groups...
January 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275171/a-retrospective-clinical-study-on-the-longevity-of-posterior-class-ii-cast-gold-inlays-onlays
#17
A Mulic, G Svendsen, S E Kopperud
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the longevity and reasons for failure of posterior cast Class II gold inlays and onlays among a group of Norwegian adults. The term inlay was used for both inlays and onlays. METHODS: A cohort of 138 patients regularly attending a general practice for check-up were examined in 2016. The patients had a total of 391 posterior gold inlays placed in the period 1970-2015. The inlays were categorized as successful, repaired or failed. Reasons for failure were classified as either "secondary caries", "fractures", "lost inlay" or "other"...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259650/cytologic-features-of-primary-monophasic-synovial-sarcoma-of-the-thyroid-gland
#18
Chang-Soo Park, Young Kim, Eun-Hui Jeong, Nah-Ihm Kim, Yoo-Duk Choi
Synovial sarcoma (SS) is a rare soft tissue tumor, commonly arising in para-articular areas of extremities, but can also present in the head and neck area. However, primary SS of the thyroid gland is an extremely rare tumor which has been reported only five times in previous English literatures. This report presents fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology of primary monophasic SS of the thyroid gland. A 47-year- old woman incidentally detected thyroid nodule in the isthmus of right thyroid gland on an ultrasonography by regular health check-up...
2017: CytoJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258850/near-infrared-transillumination-compared-with-radiography-to-detect-and-monitor-proximal-caries-a-clinical-retrospective-study
#19
Marwa Abdelaziz, Ivo Krejci, Thomas Perneger, Albert Feilzer, Lydia Vazquez
OBJECTIVE: To compare near infrared transillumination device, DIAGNOcam (DC) and bitewing radiography (BW) for the detection of proximal caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective analysis of DC and BW images of 18 students in dental medicine who had consented to the anonymous use of their dental record. The data included BW and DC images performed for a check-up in 2013, and corresponding follow-up images performed in 2015. Two observers rated 376 proximal surfaces on a 4-level dentin lesion scale and reached a unanimous rating for each surface...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247344/molecular-study-of-human-sperm-rna-ropporin-and-cabyr-in-asthenozoospermia
#20
M Pelloni, D Paoli, M Majoli, F Pallotti, T Carlini, A Lenzi, F Lombardo
BACKGROUND: Sperm motility is an essential aspect of human fertility. Sperm contain an abundance of transcripts, thought to be remnants of mRNA, which comprise a genetic fingerprint and can be considered a historic record of gene expression during spermatogenesis. The aberrant expression of numerous genes has been found to contribute to impaired sperm motility; these include ROPN1 (rhophilin associated tail protein 1), which encodes a component of the fibrous sheath of the mammalian sperm flagella, and CABYR (calcium-binding tyrosine-(Y)-phosphorylation-regulated protein), which plays an important role in calcium activation and modulation...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
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