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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153695/posterior-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-women-with-eclampsia-predictors-and-outcome
#1
Anand Kumar Verma, Ravindra Kumar Garg, Yashodhara Pradeep, Hardeep Singh Malhotra, Imran Rizvi, Neeraj Kumar, Neera Kohli, Shweta Pandey
BACKGROUND: This study aims to study predictors of posterior encephalopathy syndrome in eclampsia and the impact of posterior encephalopathy syndrome on outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study enrolled consecutive women with eclampsia. These women were subjected to magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. Predictors of posterior encephalopathy syndrome were determined using univariate, followed by multivariate, analysis. Women were followed for 30days...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145559/prenatal-alcohol-exposure-and-suspected-hearing-impairment-among-children-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Satomi Yoshida, Calistus Wilunda, Takeshi Kimura, Masato Takeuchi, Koji Kawakami
Aims: This study aimed to examine the association between prenatal alcohol exposure and hearing impairment among Japanese children using early childhood health check-up data. Methods: This retrospective cohort study used population-based health check-up data for children who were born between April 2000 and March 2013 in Hofu city, Japan. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between prenatal alcohol exposure and hearing impairment among children at the age of 36 months...
November 14, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142519/high-c-reactive-protein-level-is-associated-with-high-risk-adenoma
#3
Hyae Min Lee, Jae Myung Cha, Jung Lok Lee, Jung Won Jeon, Hyun Phil Shin, Kwang Ro Joo, Jin Young Yoon, Joung Il Lee
Background/Aims: There is substantial evidence supporting a role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer; however, little is known about the association between serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and the risk of colorectal adenoma. This study was conducted to investigate the association between serum CRP and colorectal adenoma risk. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed on first-time screening colonoscopies in asymptomatic subjects who also had their serum CRP level measured during a routine health check-up between September 2006 and September 2009 in Korea...
October 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141669/metastasis-in-the-mandibular-condyle-a-case-report
#4
Mina Dodo, Masahiro Kumagai, Yuta Kato, Hisashi Hirakawa, Takeyoshi Koseki
BACKGROUND: Most bone metastases are observed in the trunk of the body. Metastasis in the mandibular condyle is rare. In many case reports, temporary common temporomandibular joint disorder-like symptoms can be a sign of relapse and metastasis. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a rare case of breast carcinoma metastatic to the left mandibular condyle in a 55-year-old Japanese woman, who visited our department for a dental check-up prior to chemotherapy. She had almost no symptoms, but radiographs suggested the existence of metastasis...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133317/association-between-visceral-obesity-and-hepatitis-c-infection-stratified-by-gender-a-cross-sectional-study-in-taiwan
#5
Yu-Chung Tsao, Jau-Yuan Chen, Wei-Chung Yeh, Yun-Shing Peng, Wen-Cheng Li
OBJECTIVES: The global prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is approximately 2%-3%, and the prevalence of the positive anti-HCV antibody has been increasing. Several studies have evaluated regional adipose tissue distribution and metabolism over the past decades. However, no study has focused on the gender difference in visceral obesity among patients with HCV infection. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: We reviewed the medical records of patients who visited a hospital in Southern Taiwan for health check-up from 2013 to 2015...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131401/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-the-development-of-reflux-esophagitis-a-cohort-study
#6
Yang Won Min, Youngha Kim, Geum-Youn Gwak, Seonhye Gu, Danbee Kang, Soo Jin Cho, Eliseo Guallar, Juhee Cho, Dong Hyun Sinn
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome, is associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease in cross-sectional studies, but a prospective association has not been evaluated. The current study aimed to determine whether NAFLD increases the risk of incident reflux esophagitis in a large cohort study. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of 34,063 men and women without reflux esophagitis or other upper gastrointestinal disease at baseline who underwent health check-up examinations between January 2003 and December 2013...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125109/impact-of-myocardial-bridge-mural-coronary-artery-on-myocardial-functions
#7
Xin-Bin Zhao, Yu Fu, Jie Li, Meng Sun, He-Liang Zhao
Objective To study the impact of myocardial bridge (MB)-mural coronary artery (MCA) on myocardial functions.Methods Totally 82 patients presenting with chest tightness and chest pain who were diagnosed with the MB in the left anterior descending artery by CT coronary angiography were enrolled as the MB group,in which the thickness and length of MB and the systolic stenosis degree of MCA were measured.In addition,82 healthy subjects,as confirmed by health check-up,were set as the control group.The age,gender,body mass index (BMI),heart rate (HR),smoking history,interventricular septal thickness,left ventricular posterior wall thickness,diameter of left atrium,left ventricular end-diastolic diameter,left ventricular end-systolic diameter,left ventricular ejection fraction,and the cases of E'/A'<1 were compared between MB group and control group...
October 30, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121871/predictive-abilities-of-cardiovascular-biomarkers-to-rapid-decline-of-renal-function-in-chinese-community-dwelling-population-a-5-year-prospective-analysis
#8
Shihui Fu, Chunling Liu, Leiming Luo, Ping Ye
BACKGROUND: Predictive abilities of cardiovascular biomarkers to renal function decline are more significant in Chinese community-dwelling population without glomerular filtration rate (GFR) below 60 ml/min/1.73m(2), and long-term prospective study is an optimal choice to explore this problem. Aim of this analysis was to observe this problem during the follow-up of 5 years. METHODS: In a large medical check-up program in Beijing, there were 948 participants with renal function evaluated at baseline and follow-up of 5 years...
November 9, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119072/a-comparison-of-visual-outcomes-and-patient-satisfaction-between-photorefractive-keratectomy-and-femtosecond-laser-assisted-in-situ-keratomileusis
#9
Nauman Hashmani, Sharif Hashmani, Priyanka Ramesh, Hina Rajani, Junaid Ahmed, Jaish Kumar, Arun Kumar, Munira Jamali
Purpose To compare visual outcomes and satisfaction among patients of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK; Wavelight EX 500, Alcon, Ft Worth, TX, USA) and femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (FAL; Wavelight FS 200 laser and Wavelight EX 500, Alcon, Ft Worth, TX, USA). Methods We performed a retrospective study of 409 eyes in 207 patients that underwent either PRK (n=90) or FAL (n=117) at the two centers of Hashmanis Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. The included refractive outcomes were sphere diopters (D), cylinder D, and spherical equivalent D...
September 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109871/unusual-etiology-and-diagnosis-of-oroantral-communication-due-to-late-implant-failure
#10
Rabah Nedir, Nathalie Nurdin, Marion Paris, Marc El Hage, Semaan Abi Najm, Mark Bischof
Oroantral communication (OAC) rarely occurs long after implant placement. The present report describes the rare etiology and the difficulty of the diagnosis of an uncommon OAC occurring 10 years after the implant placement in the posterior maxilla. The difficulty of the diagnosis lies in the absence of clinical symptoms of sinusitis and presence of multiunit prosthesis hiding implant failure. This case report supports the need for sinus check-up during a routine implant examination.
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102973/parenchymal-asbestosis-due-to-primary-asbestos-exposure-among-ship-breaking-workers-report-of-the-first-cases-from-bangladesh
#11
Venkiteswaran Muralidhar, Md Faizul Ahasan, Ahad Mahmud Khan
We report for the first time asbestosis among ship-breaking workers of Sitakunda in Bangladesh who were exposed to asbestos during ship-based and beach-based operations for at least 10 years. Asbestosis was present among 35% of workers. Years of work (>20) and forced vital capacity (<80% of predicted) were significantly associated with the disease. Currently, global ship-breaking operations are mainly concentrated in the Indian subcontinent, and Bangladesh has the majority share. Ninety per cent of domestic steel is produced in the ship-breaking operations in Bangladesh and is an important contributor to the economy...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101645/the-impact-of-family-centered-prevention-on-self-regulation-and-subsequent-long-term-risk-in-emerging-adults
#12
Elizabeth Stormshak, David DeGarmo, Krista Chronister, Allison Caruthers
Emerging adulthood is characterized by not only opportunity and transition but also a substantial increase in risk behaviors (Fosco et al. Journal of Family Psychology, 26(4), 565-575, 2012; Johnston et al. 2016). Building on prior research, we tested a mediational model hypothesizing that Family Check-Up (FCU) intervention effects on young adult risk would be mediated by increases in self-regulation, and that these changes would continue to affect risk behavior as high school youths transitioned to young adulthood...
November 3, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092063/obesity-hyperhomocysteinaemia-and-risk-of-chronic-kidney-disease-a-population-based-study
#13
Shih-Han Lai, Yi-Wen Tsai, Yi-Chuan Chen, Shy-Shin Chang
Background: Obesity is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Hyperhomocysteinaemia refers to increased oxidative stress and has been associated with the risk of CKD. Objectives: We investigated the association among body mass index (BMI), homocysteine level and impaired renal function in a Taiwanese adult population. Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study involving 24826 subjects who underwent a health check-up from January 2013 to December 2015...
October 28, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089863/relationships-of-drinking-and-smoking-with-peripheral-arterial-stiffness-in-chinese-community-dwelling-population-without-symptomatic-peripheral-arterial-disease
#14
Shihui Fu, Qixian Wu, Leiming Luo, Ping Ye
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial stiffness gives rise to the high prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). It is necessary to conduct a large-scale study in Chinese community-dwelling population to clarify the relationships of alcohol and tobacco consumption with peripheral arterial stiffness. Most studies had a small sample size, and were not performed in Chinese community-dwelling population without symptomatic PAD. This analysis was designed to examine the relationships of alcohol and tobacco consumption with peripheral arterial stiffness in Chinese community-dwelling population without symptomatic PAD...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081239/association-between-1-h-post-load-plasma-glucose-levels-and-arterial-stiffness-in-normotensive-subjects-with-normal-glucose-tolerance
#15
Atsushi Nakagomi, Yuko Sunami, Sho Okada, Yuji Ohno, Toshihiro Shoji, Takehiko Fujisawa, Yoshio Kobayashi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between 1-h post-load plasma glucose, measured during an oral glucose tolerance test, and arterial stiffness, determined by brachial-ankle pulse-wave velocity, in normotensive subjects with normal glucose tolerance. METHODS: Study subjects were non-industrial workers aged 25-55 years ( n = 8381) who underwent a regular health check-up every 5 years. We included only normotensive subjects with normal glucose tolerance based on the American Diabetes Association criteria...
October 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079032/association-between-accumulation-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-and-hearing-impairment-in-community-dwelling-older-people-a-cross-sectional-sukagawa-study
#16
Kakuya Niihata, Sei Takahashi, Noriaki Kurita, Nobuyuki Yajima, Kenji Omae, Shingo Fukuma, Takayuki Okano, Yukio Nomoto, Koichi Omori, Shunichi Fukuhara
OBJECTIVES: The experimental studies suggested the hypothesis that the accumulation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) could induce hearing impairment. The purpose of this study is to examine the hypothesis among elderly people using an epidemiologic approach. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Sukagawa City, Fukushima, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 270 residents aged 75 years or over without dementia, who participated in a health check-up conducted in 2015...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078109/monitoring-oral-health-of-people-in-early-intervention-for-psychosis-eip-teams-the-extended-three-shires-randomised-trial
#17
Clive E Adams, Nicola Clark Wells, Andrew Clifton, Hannah Jones, Jayne Simpson, Graeme Tosh, Patrick Callaghan, Peter Liddle, Boliang Guo, Vivek Furtado, Mariam A Khokhar, Vishal R Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: The British Society for Disability and Oral Health guidelines made recommendations for oral health care for people with mental health problems, including providing oral health advice, support, promotion and education. The effectiveness of interventions based on these guidelines on oral health-related outcomes in mental health service users is untested. OBJECTIVE: To acquire basic data on the oral health of people with or at risk of serious mental illness...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069039/neoadjuvant-modified-folfirinox-followed-by-surgical-resection-of-both-the-primary-and-metastatic-tumors-of-a-pancreatic-hepatoid-carcinoma-with-synchronous-liver-metastasis-a-case-report
#18
Tao Ma, Xueli Bai, Guogang Li, Shumei Wei, Tingbo Liang
RATIONALE: Pancreatic hepatoid carcinoma (PHC) is a rare form of pancreatic malignancy mimicking hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in morphology, immunohistochemistry, and behavior. PHC usually has an aggressive clinical course and poor prognosis. Effective treatment strategies are lacking due to poor understanding and extreme rarity of such kind of malignancy. PATIENT CONCERNS:: we present the case of a 75-year-old man with tumors in the liver and the tail of pancreas that were detected in a routine health check-up...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067145/electroacupuncture-therapy-for-auricular-paresthesia
#19
Masaya Fukushima, Hinata Sakuraba, Nobuko Shiraiwa, Shonosuke Matsushita
Background: The great auricular nerve (GAN) provides sensory innervation to the skin around the auricle. Although disorder of this nerve has been reported, great auricular neuralgia, as reported by Blumenthal in 1992, is uncommon. The authors report a case of auricular paresthesia that responded well to electroacupuncture treatment (EAT). Case: A man in his 60s was consulted in the clinic after a 6-month history of experiencing tingling sensations of the skin around the auricle. General degenerative deformity of the cervical spine was observed using computed radiography scans and magnetic resonance imaging; tactile hyperesthesia in the skin of the GAN area was also noted...
October 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065740/budget-impact-analysis-on-the-introduction-of-a-guideline-based-hepatitis-b-and-c-screening-into-a-routine-check-up-in-the-german-primary-care-setting
#20
Cordula Barth, Silke Neusser, Janine Biermann, Jürgen Wasem, Thomas Berg, Johannes Wiegand, Ingmar Wolffram, David Petroff, Pamela Aidelsburger, Alexandra Grünbauer, Anja Neumann
OBJECTIVES: Systematic screening for chronic hepatitis B and C does not yet exist in Germany. Therefore, the implementation of a screening approach within a preventive medical examination performed by primary care physicians ('Check-Up 35+') was evaluated in a recent prospective multicenter study. The present analysis estimates the financial consequences for the statutory health insurance by budget impact analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Markov cohort model was developed consisting of 21 health states...
October 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
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