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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432791/immediate-versus-delayed-postpartum-insertion-of-contraceptive-implant-for-contraception
#1
REVIEW
Jen Sothornwit, Yuthapong Werawatakul, Srinaree Kaewrudee, Pisake Lumbiganon, Malinee Laopaiboon
BACKGROUND: The spacing of pregnancies has a positive impact on maternal and newborn health. The progestin contraceptive implant, which is a long-acting, reversible method of contraception, has a well-established low failure rate that is compatible with tubal sterilization. The standard provision of contraceptive methods on the first postpartum visit may put some women at risk of unintended pregnancy, either due to loss to follow-up or having sexual intercourse prior to receiving contraception...
April 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431439/-quality-of-and-attendance-at-healthy-child-clinics-in%C3%A2-germany
#2
Alexandra Weithase, Mandy Vogel, Henriette Kiep, Sarah Schwarz, Laura Meißner, Janine Herrmann, Kristin Rieger, Christiane Koch, Volker Schuster, Wieland Kiess
Background For several years the German healthy child clinics program has been a highly appreciated preventive measure and is subject to constant development. However, attendance depends on the families' sociodemographic situation. Findings are documented in a medical checkup booklet (the so-called Gelbes Heft). Currently, there is no procedure to use the data collected for epidemiological purposes nor to evaluate the pediatric prevention measures in Germany. Methods Between 2011 and 2016, we recruited 3480 study participants for our population-based cohort study LIFE Child in Leipzig...
April 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430784/non-invasive-quantification-of-collagen-turnover-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#3
Elisabeth G D Stribos, Signe Holm Nielsen, Susanne Brix, Morten Asser Karsdal, Marc A Seelen, Harry van Goor, Stephan J L Bakker, Peter Olinga, Henricus A M Mutsaers, Federica Genovese
Kidney allograft failure due to chronic injury/rejection remains the main cause of graft loss in renal transplant recipients (RTR). Here, we investigated whether specific biomarkers of extracellular matrix (ECM) turnover are associated with allograft function and chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage in RTR. Seventy-eight patients who attended the University Medical Center Groningen for a routine check-up after kidney transplantation were enrolled in the study. Plasma and/or 24h-urine samples were collected and specific matrix-metalloproteinase-generated neo-epitope fragments of collagens were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426738/is-antiplatelet-treatment-effective-at-attenuating-the-progression-of-white-matter-hyperintensities
#4
Cindy W Yoon, Yoonjae Choi, Seun Jeon, Dae Hyung Lee, Byung-Nam Yoon, Hee-Kwon Park, Joung-Ho Rha
OBJECTIVE: We performed this study to assess the effect of an antiplatelet agent on the progression of white matter hyperintensities (WMH). METHODS: From August 2003 to May 2005, we consecutively enrolled patients who underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for health check-up purposes and showed no significant findings other than WMH of any degree. Patients were divided into two groups based on whether or not they received antiplatelet therapy. All patients had a follow-up brain MRI after 5 years and WMH volume change was measured using imaging analysis software...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424927/development-of-new-extra-glandular-manifestations-or-associated-auto-immune-diseases-after-establishing-the-diagnosis-of-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-long-term-study-of-the-antonius-nieuwegein-sj%C3%A3-gren-ans-cohort
#5
E J Ter Borg, J C Kelder
To investigate in a long-term study, the development of new extra-glandular manifestations (EGM) or associated auto-immune diseases (AID) from 1 year after establishing the diagnosis of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). The primary goal was to examine the frequency and type of these manifestations and to find out which demographic, clinical and serological profile was most at risk. All outpatients diagnosed with primary Sjögren's syndrome were included in a retrospective study, with at least one check-up per year, from June 1991 until August 2015...
April 19, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417032/vision-screening-of-ophthalmic-nursing-staff-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-hospital-outcomes-and-ocular-healthcare-seeking-behaviours
#6
Ruhi A Khan, Ches Souru, Sejo Vaghese, Ziaul Yasir, Rajiv Khandekar
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate ocular healthcare-seeking behaviours and vision screening outcomes of nursing staff at a tertiary eye care hospital. METHODS: This study was conducted between April and September 2016 among all 500 nurses employed at the King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected on age, gender, use of visual aids, the presence of diabetes, a history of refractive surgery and date of last ocular health check-up...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405719/-pruritus-of-the-scalp-simply-pulling-out-your-hair
#7
REVIEW
M Beigi, E Weisshaar
Scalp pruritus is a frequent symptom and can be caused by dermatologic diseases, contact allergies, neurologic, psychiatric/somatoform and systemic diseases. In daily clinical practice scalp pruritus is a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, especially if no detectable lesions are present. A detailed patient history and the inspection of scalp and the skin of the whole body are essential for diagnosis. Depending on the clinical findings, further dermatological diagnostic tests, laboratory analysis, imaging techniques and, where necessary, an interdisciplinary specific diagnostic check-up should be performed...
April 12, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400829/a-case-control-study-of-bisphenol-a-and-endometrioma-among-subgroup-of-iranian-women
#8
Batool Hossein Rashidi, Massoud Amanlou, Tahere Behrouzi Lak, Mahya Ghazizadeh, Bita Eslami
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a multifactorial hormonally related complex disease with unknown etiology. Epidemiologic data were suggested the possible effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals such as bisphenol A (BPA) on endometriosis. BPA is similar to endogenous estrogen and has the ability to interact with estrogen receptors and stimulate estrogen production. Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between urinary BPA concentrations in women with endometrioma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study consisted of fifty women who have been referred to gynecology and infertility center with endometrioma and were candidates for operative laparoscopy and ovarian cystectomy as cases...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399925/human-serum-rnase-l-level-is-inversely-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-age
#9
Yi-Ting Wang, Ping-Huei Tseng, Chi-Ling Chen, Der-Sheng Han, Yu-Chiao Chi, Fen-Yu Tseng, Wei-Shiung Yang
BACKGROUND: Ribonuclease-L (RNase-L) was known to be a ubiquitous enzyme involved in several cellular functions, especially innate immunity. It was recently shown to participate in adipogenesis in rodents. Here, we developed a method to measure serum levels of RNase-L and analyzed the relationship between RNase-L and metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: A total of 396 subjects were recruited from a health check-up program. An in-house RNase-L immunoassay was developed...
April 11, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394897/vertebral-artery-terminating-in-posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-a-normal-variation-with-clinical-significance
#10
I-Wen Liu, Bo-Lin Ho, Chien-Fu Chen, Ke Han, Chung-Jung Lin, Wen-Yung Sheng, Han-Hwa Hu, A-Ching Chao
A vertebral artery (VA) terminating in a posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) is often considered to be a normal variation associated with VA hypoplasia. We aimed to investigate the clinical significance of this cerebrovascular variant. A total of 80 patients with clinically evident cerebrovascular events in posterior circulation were examined by duplex sonography and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Eighty healthy subjects who had MRA check-up were recruited as controls. PICA termination of the VA (PICA-VA) was identified as the VA not communicating with the basilar artery (BA) but ending into a PICA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386758/exploring-patients-reasons-for-participation-in-a%C3%A2-medical-education-home-visit-program-a%C3%A2-qualitative-study-in-malaysia
#11
Chai-Eng Tan, Aida Jaffar, Noorlaili Tohit, Zuhra Hamzah, Syahnaz Mohd Hashim
INTRODUCTION: Direct contact with patients for medical education is essential in healthcare professional training. Patients who were recruited for a medical education home visit program in Malaysia did so on a voluntary basis without remuneration. This paper aims to explore their reasons for participation in this program. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study was conducted on patients who had been visited during the 2012/2013 academic session. Purposive sampling was done to select adult participants from varying ethnicities and ages from the list of patients...
April 6, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386655/impact-of-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-on-decline-in-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-apparently-healthy-young-to-middle-aged-working-men
#12
Akihiro Kuma, Bungo Uchino, Yoko Ochiai, Masatoshi Kawashima, Kazuhiko Enta, Masahito Tamura, Yutaka Otsuji, Akihiko Kato
BACKGROUND: It remains to be fully clarified whether there is a relationship between uncontrolled dyslipidemia and decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in the general population. Therefore, this study's aim was to test the association of dyslipidemia with changes in eGFR in apparently healthy working men. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the annual medical check-up list of 14,510 male workers aged 20-60 years with eGFR ≥ 60 mL/min/1...
April 6, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385392/metabolically-healthy-obesity-and-the-risk-for-subclinical-atherosclerosis
#13
Tae Jun Kim, Hee-Young Shin, Yoosoo Chang, Mira Kang, Jaehwan Jee, Yoon-Ho Choi, Hyeon Seon Ahn, Soo Hyun Ahn, Hee Jung Son, Seungho Ryu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although obesity and metabolic abnormalities are known risk factors for cardiovascular disease, the risk of cardiovascular disease among obese individuals without obesity-related metabolic abnormalities, referred to as metabolically healthy obese (MHO), remains unclear. We examined the association between body mass index categories and the development of subclinical carotid atherosclerosis in a cohort of metabolically healthy individuals. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of 6453 men without subclinical carotid atherosclerosis or metabolic abnormalities at baseline, who underwent repeated health check-up examinations that included carotid ultrasound...
March 28, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378553/link-between-serum-pepsinogen-concentrations-and-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopic-findings
#14
Sang Pyo Lee, Sun Young Lee, Jeong Hwan Kim, In Kyung Sung, Hyung Seok Park, Chan Sup Shim
The serum pepsinogen (PG) assay findings are correlated with the status of Helicobacter pylori infection, but there are controversies on the link with upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopic findings. The aim of this study was to determine the significance of a serum PG assay for correlating with endoscopic findings in H. pylori-seroprevalent adult population. Korean adults who visited for a health check-up were included consecutively. Subjects after gastrectomy or H. pylori eradication were excluded. After completing the serum PG assay and anti-H...
May 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376109/association-of-leukocyte-cell-derived-chemotaxin-2-lect2-with-nafld-metabolic-syndrome-and-atherosclerosis
#15
Hye Jin Yoo, Soon Young Hwang, Ju-Hee Choi, Hyun Jung Lee, Hye Soo Chung, Ji-A Seo, Sin Gon Kim, Nan Hee Kim, Sei Hyun Baik, Dong Seop Choi, Kyung Mook Choi
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2 (LECT2), a recently discovered hepatokine, is associated with the inflammatory response and insulin resistance. We examined circulating plasma LECT2 levels in the subjects with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or metabolic syndrome. METHODS: We analyzed plasma LECT2 levels from the subjects of age- and sex-matched 320 adults with or without NAFLD who completed a health check-up at the Health Promotion Center of Korea University Guro Hospital...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374869/non-surgical-management-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps-based-on-clinical-cytological-grading-a-precision-medicine-based-approach
#16
M Gelardi, L Iannuzzi, M De Giosa, S Taliente, N De Candia, N Quaranta, E De Corso, V Seccia, G Ciprandi
Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is a common inflammatory disorder that strongly impacts patients' quality of life. CRSwNP is still a challenge for ENT specialists due to its unknown pathogenesis, difficult control and frequent relapse. We tested the hypothesis that a new standardised therapeutic approach based on individual clinical-cytological grading (CCG), may improve control of the disease and prevent the needing for surgery. We analysed 204 patients suffering from bilateral CRSwNP, 145 patients of whom regularly assumed therapy, respecting the planned check-up, and were considered cases; 59 patients were not assuming therapy as indicated and were considered as controls...
February 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374508/free-triiodothyronine-free-thyroxine-ratio-rather-than-thyrotropin-is-more-associated-with-metabolic-parameters-in-healthy-euthyroid-adult-subjects
#17
So Young Park, Se Eun Park, Sang Won Jung, Hyun Seok Jin, Ie Byung Park, Song Vogue Ahn, Sihoon Lee
OBJECTIVE: The interrelation between TSH, thyroid hormones, and metabolic parameters is complex and has not been confirmed. This study aimed to determine the association of TSH and thyroid hormones in euthyroid subjects and the relationship between thyroid function and metabolic risk factors. Furthermore, this study examined whether thyroid function has predictive power for metabolic syndrome. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study that included subjects in a medical health check-up program at a single institution...
April 4, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373613/influential-factors-on-serum-albumin-concentration-in-hospitalized-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#18
Sakiya Yoshimoto, Kojiro Nagai, Eriko Shibata, Sayo Ueda, Hiroyuki Ono, Masanori Tamaki, Kenji Nishimura, Fumiaki Obata, Taizo Inagaki, Masanori Minato, Fumi Kishi, Motokazu Matsuura, Naoko Matsui, Itsuro Endo, Michael Hann, Seiji Kishi, Taichi Murakami, Hideharu Abe, Toshio Doi
BACKGROUND: Serum albumin concentration (SAC) is a prognostic factor that is affected by many factors such as postural change, liver function and food intake. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients excrete proteinuria, have low-protein diet, and receive glucocorticoid therapy. No one has evaluated the most influential factors on SAC in CKD patients. METHODS: A retrospective study. Hospitalized CKD patients with less than 1 g/gCreatinine proteinuria receiving glucocorticoid therapy (n=28), with 1 or more g/gCreatinine proteinuria not receiving glucocorticoid therapy (n=36), and with 1 or more g/gCreatinine proteinuria receiving glucocorticoid therapy (n=39) were enrolled...
2017: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369119/associations-between-body-fat-variability-and-later-onset-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors
#19
Yuki Saito, Osamu Takahashi, Hiroko Arioka, Daiki Kobayashi
OBJECTIVE: There is current debate regarding whether body weight variability is associated with cardiovascular events. Recently, high body fat percentage (BF%) has been shown to be a cardiovascular risk factor. We therefore hypothesized that BF% variability would present a stronger cardiovascular risk than body weight variability. METHODS: A single-center retrospective cohort study of medical check-up examinees aged 20 years or older at baseline (2005) was performed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367935/the-relationship-between-tooth-eruption-and-ingestion-of-15-food-items-among-children-aged-18-20-months
#20
Yukako Ueno, Kazuko Saeki, Sadako Yoshimura
Objectives If children in formative stages ingest foods that are too hard or too soft, they can experience delays in oral cavity functions. Therefore, it is important for young children to receive foods of appropriate hardness in relation to their chewing ability. We investigated the relationship between the ingestion of 15 different food items and tooth eruption among children aged 18-20 months.Methods Caregivers from Japanese municipalities who took their children for an 18-month health check-up were given an anonymous questionnaire...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
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