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ankylosing spondylosis

Sudhir Kumar Srivastava, Sunil Krishna Bhosale, Tanvi Anoop Lohiya, Rishi Anil Aggarwal
Dysphagia due to skeletal causes is a rare entity. A large cervical osteophyte can cause mechanical compression of the pharyngo-oesophageal segment leading to dysphagia. Large cervical osteophytes can occur in cervical spondylosis, ankylosing spondylitis or Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH). A 60-year-old female came with progressive dysphagia due to a giant cervical osteophyte anterior to C4 and C5 vertebral bodies causing compression of the pharyngo-oesophageal segment. The patient was treated by surgical excision of the osteophyte by orthopaedic surgeons...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Javier Narváez, José Antonio Narváez, Marta Serrallonga, Eugenia de Lama, Javier Hernández-Gañan, Carmen Gómez-Vaquero, Joan M Nolla
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency, location, characteristics, and clinical significance of subaxial involvement (below C1-C2) in a series of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and symptomatic involvement of the cervical spine. METHODS: A total of 41 patients with RA were examined via cervical spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A comparative analysis of the incidence of the different types of subaxial lesions was performed between these patients and 41 age- and sex-matched patients with symptomatic cervical spondylosis...
August 2015: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Daniel Wendling, Avani Joshi, Patrick Reilly, Yash J Jalundhwala, Manish Mittal, Yanjun Bao
OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of developing uveitis in patients initiating anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agents (adalimumab, etanercept, and infliximab) for ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: Anti-TNF-naive patients with a diagnosis of AS and without a history of uveitis (N = 2115) who subsequently initiated anti-TNF therapy for AS were identified in a large claims database (2005 to 2011). A multivariate Cox proportional-hazards model was used to compare the risk of uveitis in patients who received etanercept or infliximab vs adalimumab...
December 2014: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Chi-Ching Tsang, Jasper F W Chan, Philip P C Ip, Antonio H Y Ngan, Jonathan H K Chen, Susanna K P Lau, Patrick C Y Woo
Phialemoniopsis species are ubiquitous dematiaceous molds associated with a wide variety of superficial and systemic infections in human. In this study, we isolated a mold from the forearm nodule biopsy specimen from a patient with underlying liver cirrhosis, ankylosing spondylosis, and tuberculosis. He was treated with itraconazole, but unfortunately, he succumbed as a result of disseminated tuberculosis with multiorgan failure. The histology results of the skin biopsy showed necrotizing granulomas in which numerous fungal elements were found...
September 2014: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Sun Young Cho, Hyung-Seok Yang, You La Jeon, Eunkyoung You, Hee Joo Lee, Hwi-Joong Yoon, Tae Sung Park
AIM: Although the etiology of plasma cell dyscrasia is poorly understood, there is evidence for immune dysregulation or sustained immune stimulation playing a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of these diseases, including chronic infection and autoimmune disorders. In this study, we report four autoimmune disease cases where monoclonal gammopathy (MG) was incidentally found during follow-up. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts and laboratory test results in the following four cases: neuromyelitis optica, Kikuchi disease, Sjögren syndrome and ankylosing spondylosis...
July 2014: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
F X Glocker, U G Berninger
In this society with an ever increasing number of the elderly there is an increasing number of causes of a bent spine syndrome (camptocormia/dropped head syndrome). The causes include neurological, neuro-orthopedic, rheumatological and psychiatric disorders. Parkinson's disease, dystonia and neuromuscular diseases (motor neuron disease, myositis and muscular dystrophy) with weakness of the axial muscles may result in bent spine syndrome and is often combined with a dropped head. Disc herniation, hypertrophic spondylosis or pseudospondylolisthesis with spinal narrowing may lead to an abnormal flexion of the trunk...
August 2013: Der Nervenarzt
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Frank J E Falco, Ramsin M Benyamin, David L Caraway, Alan D Kaye, Standiford Helm, Bradley W Wargo, Hans Hansen, Allan T Parr, Vijay Singh, John R Swicegood, Howard S Smith, David M Schultz, Yogesh Malla, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Interventional pain management is a specialty that utilizes invasive procedures to diagnose and treat chronic pain. Patients undergoing these treatments may be receiving exogenous anticoagulants and antithrombotics. Even though the risk of major bleeding is very small, the consequences can be catastrophic. However, the role of antithrombotic therapy for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease to decrease the incidence of acute cerebral and cardiovascular events is also crucial...
April 2013: Pain Physician
M Sarholz, M Vorgerd, J Braun
HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: An 83-year-old patient with Parkinson's disease was referred because of pain in the thoracolumbar spine, increasing kyphosis and gait disturbance. Clinically, the main anomaly was a marked hyperkyphosis of the spine during standing and sitting which regressed while recumbent. INVESTIGATIONS: Radiologically, spondylosis, osteochondrosis, and facet joint arthrosis demonstrated marked degeneration of the spine (diffuse skeletal hyperostosis, DISH)...
September 2012: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Xiao-feng Li, Yong-jun Wang, Xiu-lan Ye, Chong-jian Zhou
Professor Shi Qi is a famous traditional Chinese medicine doctor specializing in orthopaedics and traumatology, who has formatted a set of systematic protocols for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic musculoskeletal conditions. When it is time for using tonics in winter, he advocates applying herbal paste for treating chronic musculoskeletal diseases. This paper introduces Professor Shi Qi's commonly used prescription for treating chronic musculoskeletal conditions and puts forward demands and understandings in concocting herbal paste, experience in herbal paste for treating chronic musculoskeletal diseases such as cervical spondylosis, lumbar disc herniation, lumbar spinal stenosis, lumbar muscle strain, ankylosing spondylitis, osteoporosis, knee osteoarthritis and avascular necrosis of femoral head, and the advantages of herbal paste for treating chronic musculoskeletal conditions as opposed to alternative treatments...
June 2012: Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao, Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine
Em Manoj, Mk Ragunathan
INTRODUCTION: Concurrent rheumatoid factor seropositivity is occasionally detected in ankylosing spondylitis and often causes confusion in clinical routine. Overlap between various seronegative arthritides is a known but uncommon association. Differentiation of spondyloarthropathy from rheumatoid arthritis is important, since the natural history, complications, treatments and prognosis of the two diseases differ significantly. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report the case of a 47-year-old Sri Lankan man who had a long history of intermittent joint pains worsening following a recent episode of self-resolving non-bloody diarrhea...
2012: Journal of Medical Case Reports
P Tuppin, P-O Blotière, A Weill, P Ricordeau, H Allemand
INTRODUCTION: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common upper limb neuropathy. There has been a dramatic increase in CTS surgery since the 1990s. This study focuses on changing incidence of CTS surgery in France and associated factors. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Cases of CTS surgery were identified using the national hospital discharge database for persons living in metropolitan France. Patient characteristics, comorbidities and care management were studied using the reimbursement database of the beneficiaries covered by the general health insurance scheme (76% of the 64-million French population) comparing those with or without CTS surgery in 2008...
December 2011: Revue Neurologique
Virginie Lafage, Frank Schwab, Shaleen Vira, Robert Hart, Douglas Burton, Justin S Smith, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei, Alexis Shelokov, Richard Hostin, Christopher I Shaffrey, Munish Gupta, Behrooz A Akbarnia, Shay Bess, Jean-Pierre Farcy
OBJECT: Pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) is a spinal realignment technique that may be used to correct sagittal spinal imbalance. Theoretically, the level and degree of resection via a PSO should impact the degree of sagittal plane correction in the setting of deformity. However, the quantitative effect of PSO level and focal angular change on postoperative spinopelvic parameters has not been well described. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between the level/degree of PSO and changes in global sagittal balance and spinopelvic parameters...
February 2011: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Elke B Ochsmann, Carlos L Escobar Pinzón, Stephan Letzel, Thomas Kraus, Martina Michaelis, Eva Muenster
BACKGROUND: Many authors have reported about the high prevalence rates of self-reported back pain in children. Nevertheless, little is known about the diagnosis of back disorders--regardless of whether the diagnosis is associated with back pain or not. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyse the prevalence rates and costs of diagnosis of back disorders in childhood and youth. METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis of a large, population based German data set (2,300,980 insurants of statutory health insurance funds) which allowed for identification of prevalence rates of diagnoses of back disorders in children (age group 0-14 years) and youths (age group 15-24 years) using three digit ICD-10 codes for dorsopathies (M40-M54: kyphosis and lordosis; scoliosis; spinal osteochondrosis; other deforming dorsopathies; ankylosing spondylitis; other inflammatory spondylopathies; spondylosis; other spondylopathies; spondylopathies in diseases classified elsewhere; cervical disc disorders; other intervertebral disc disorders; other dorsopathies, not elsewhere classified; dorsalgia)...
2010: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Ching-Yi Wang, Pin-Yen Chiang, Hong-Shen Lee, James Cheng-Chung Wei
Exercise therapy is an important component of current standard therapy for patients with ankylosing spondylitis. The purpose of this review is to provide important guidelines when prescribing exercises by reviewing articles evaluating the effectives and usefulness of exercise therapy in patients with ankylosing spondylosis.
September 2009: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Fereydoun Davatchi, Arash Tehrani Banihashemi, Jaleh Gholami, Seyedeh Tahereh Faezi, Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar, Mansour Salesi, Mansour Karimifar, Kamal Essalatmanesh, Mojgan Barghamdi, Elham Noorolahzadeh, Saideh Dahaghin, Johannes J Rasker
The objective of this study is to study the prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints and disorders in a rural area in Iran. Interviews were conducted in randomly selected subjects from five villages in Tuyserkan County, northwestern part of Iran. The three phases of stage 1 Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases were done during the same day. A total of 614 houses was visited, 1,565 persons interviewed, and 1,192 persons examined. Musculoskeletal complaints during the past 7 days were detected in 66...
November 2009: Clinical Rheumatology
E Guder, S Hill, F Kandziora, K J Schnake
AIM: The aim of this study was to develop a suitable animal model for the clinical situation of progressive disc degeneration after microsurgical nucleotomy. METHODS: Twenty sheep underwent standardised partial anterolateral nucleotomy at lumbar segment 3/4. After randomisation, 10 animals were sacrificed after 12 weeks (group 1). The remainder was sacrificed after 48 weeks (group 2). For radiological examination X-rays, MRI and post-mortem CT scans were performed...
January 2009: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Anders Galatius, Christian Sonne, Carl Christian Kinze, Rune Dietz, Jens-Erik Beck Jensen
The occurrence of pathologic new bone formation in the vertebral column was studied in 46 skeletons of the white-beaked dolphin (Lagenorhynchus albirostris) stranded in Denmark between 1903 and 2002 and held in the collections of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. New bone formation was evident in 18 (72%) of 25 physically mature specimens and in one of 21 physically immature specimens. This pattern of occurrence is consistent with spondylosis deformans, which is caused by degeneration of the intervertebral disk...
January 2009: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Shao-dong Chen
By retrieval of medical periodicals published in the recent 23 years, 155 papers concerning Xinhuang Tablet were searched, among them 28 were dealing with its clinical application in orthopedics disease, involving gouty arthritis, soft tissue injury, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylosis, rheumatoid arthritis, etc. Besides the traditional oral administration mode, Xinhuang Tablet may be used externally for local absorption through transcutaneous manner by mixing with some adjuvant as honey, vinegar, wine, and egg white...
July 2008: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
Fereydoun Davatchi, Ahmad-Reza Jamshidi, Arash Tehrani Banihashemi, Jaleh Gholami, Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar, Massoomeh Akhlaghi, Mojgan Barghamdi, Elham Noorolahzadeh, Ali-Reza Khabazi, Mansoor Salesi, Amir-Hossein Salari, Mansoor Karimifar, Kamal Essalat-Manesh, Mehrzad Hajialiloo, Mohsen Soroosh, Farhad Farzad, Hamid-Reza Moussavi, Farideh Samadi, Koorosh Ghaznavi, Homa Asgharifard, Amir-Hossein Zangiabadi, Farhad Shahram, Abdolhadi Nadji, Mahmood Akbarian, Farhad Gharibdoost
OBJECTIVE: To find the prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints and rheumatic disorders in Iran. METHODS: Tehran, with one-ninth of the population of Iran and of mixed ethnic origins, was selected as the field. Subjects were randomly selected from the 22 districts. Interviews were conducted once a week, on the weekend. The 3 phases of stage 1 were done on the same day, in parallel, like the fast-track Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases (COPCORD)...
July 2008: Journal of Rheumatology
Yong-gang Zhang, Yan Wang, Xue-song Zhang
OBJECTIVE: A retrospective clinical study of 125 patients with severe rigid spinal deformity who underwent transpedicular spinal osteotomy or vertebrectomy by posterior approach only and correction by posterior segmental instrumentation to analyze the risks of posterior alone osteotomy or vertebrectomy including surgical manipulation, operative time, blood lose, complications, so that to evaluate the safety of this procedure. METHODS: All patients suffered from severe rigid spinal deformity...
April 15, 2007: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
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