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Wenjie Yu, Xing Liu, Bing Xu, Xiaopeng Xing, Xuefeng Wang
The novel noble-gas complexes NgBeSO2 (Ng=Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe) have been prepared in the laser-evaporated beryllium atom reactions with SO2 in low-temperature matrices. Doped with heavier noble gas, the guest (Ar, Kr, Xe) atom can substitute neon to form more stable complex. Infrared spectroscopy and theoretical calculations are used to confirm the band assignment. The dissociation energies are calculated at 0.9, 4.0, 4.7, and 6.0 kcal/mol for NeBeSO2, ArBeSO2, KrBeSO2, and XeBeSO2, respectively, at the CCSD(T) level...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Christian Lorenz, Thomas J Dougherty, Stephen Lory
: In Gram-negative bacteria a dedicated machinery, consisting of LolABCDE components targets lipoproteins to the outer membrane. We used a previously identified small molecule inhibitor of the LolCDE complex of Escherichia coli to assess the global transcriptional consequences of interference with lipoprotein transport. Exposure of E. coli to the LolCDE inhibitor at concentrations leading to minimal and significant growth inhibition, followed by RNA-seq, identified a small group of genes, whose transcripts were decreased and a larger group where mRNA levels increased 10-100 fold when compared to untreated cells...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Bacteriology
David Cordeiro Sousa, Inês Leal, Mun Yueh Faria, Luís Abegão Pinto
AIMS: To report a case of a patient who developed uveitis-glaucoma-hyphema (UGH) syndrome after an uneventful cataract surgery and to discuss risk factors, diagnostic challenges, management options, and clinical implications. BACKGROUND: Uveitis-glaucoma-hyphema syndrome is a rare but potentially serious cataract surgery complication. Clinical manifestations include increased intraocular pressure (IOP), anterior chamber inflammation, and recurrent hyphema or microhyphema...
May 2016: Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice
Alicia Armentia, Eugenia Sanchís, Javier A Montero
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Conventional diagnostic tests in allergy are insufficient to clarify the cause of vernal conjunctivitis. Component-resolved diagnostic (CRD) by microarray allergen assay may be useful in detecting allergens that might be involved in the inflammatory process. RECENT FINDINGS: In a recent trial in patients suffered from eosinophilic esophagitis, after 2 years of the CRD-guided exclusion diet and specific immunotherapy, significant clinical improvement was observed, and 68% of patients were discharged (cure based on negative biopsy, no symptoms, and no medication intake)...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Filip Nuyens, Jory Deleuze, Pierre Maurage, Mark D Griffiths, Daria J Kuss, Joël Billieux
Background and aims Multiplayer Online Battle Arena (MOBA) games have become the most popular type of video games played worldwide, superseding the playing of Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games and First-Person Shooter games. However, empirical studies focusing on the use and abuse of MOBA games are still very limited, particularly regarding impulsivity, which is an indicator of addictive states but has not yet been explored in MOBA games. In this context, the objective of the present study is to explore the associations between impulsivity and symptoms of addictive use of MOBA games in a sample of highly involved League of Legends (LoL, currently the most popular MOBA game) gamers...
June 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Robert Marmulla, Edinson Puentes Cala, Stephanie Markert, Thomas Schweder, Jens Harder
BACKGROUND: The betaproteobacterium Thauera linaloolentis 47Lol(T) was isolated on the tertiary monoterpene alcohol (R,S)-linalool as sole carbon and energy source under denitrifying conditions. Growth experiments indicated the formation of geraniol and geranial. Thus, a 3,1-hydroxyl-Δ(1)-Δ(2)-mutase (linalool isomerase) activity may initiate the degradation, followed by enzymes of the acyclic terpene utilization (Atu) and leucine/isovalerate utilization (Liu) pathways that were extensively studied in Pseudomonas spp...
2016: BMC Microbiology
Douglas W Bolzan, Renata Trimer, Isis Begot, Mara L S Nasrala, Patricia Forestieri, Vanessa M F Mendez, Ross Arena, Walter J Gomes, Solange Guizilini
OBJECTIVE: To compare pulmonary function, functional capacity, and clinical outcomes among conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV), early open-lung (EOL), and late open-lung (LOL) strategies after off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB). DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, and double-blinded study. SETTING: Two hospitals of the Federal University of Sao Paulo, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-three patients undergoing elective first-time OPCAB...
June 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Pravin Salunke, Sushanta K Sahoo, Anshu Mahajan
Though rare, a variety of bipartite atlas has been described. However, little has been mentioned about the hypoplastic C1 lateral masses in these cases. An unusual case of bipartite atlas, with hypoplastic lateral masses, os odontoideum and block vertebrae has been described with the surgical challenges encountered. The emphasis here is to study the C1 lateral masses and attempting C1-2 fusion before resorting to occipito-cervical fusion. A 42-year-old lady presented with progressive spastic quadriparesis. Radiology revealed blocked C2-5 vertebrae with os odontoideum with atlanto-axial dislocation with bifid anterior arch of atlas, hypoplastic C1 lateral masses (ill formed postero-inferior part) and posterior arch...
2015: Turkish Neurosurgery
Anna Konovalova, Thomas J Silhavy
Bacterial lipoproteins are lipid-anchored proteins that contain acyl groups covalently attached to the N-terminal cysteine residue of the mature protein. Lipoproteins are synthesized in precursor form with an N-terminal signal sequence (SS) that targets translocation across the cytoplasmic or inner membrane (IM). Lipid modification and SS processing take place at the periplasmic face of the IM. Outer membrane (OM) lipoproteins take the localization of lipoproteins (Lol) export pathway, which ends with the insertion of the N-terminal lipid moiety into the inner leaflet of the OM...
October 5, 2015: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Alicia Armentia, Beatriz Iglesias, Darío Iglesias, Javier A Montero, Eugenia Sanchís, Blanca Martín, Delia Fernández, Fé Munoz, Jesus Bermejo
BACKGROUND: Conventional diagnostic tests in allergy are insufficient to clarify the origin of vernal conjunctivitis (VC). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate IgE-mediated hypersensitivity by component-resolved diagnosis (CRD) in tears and serum from patients with VC and to evaluate how to treat patients with identified triggering allergens by specific immunotherapy. METHODS: Patients were divided into 3 groups: (1) patients with VC (25 patients), (2) patients allergic to grass pollen with seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (AC) (50 patients), and (3) healthy blood donors (50 patients)...
November 2015: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Ali Y Mejaddam, Haytham M A Kaafarani, Elie P Ramly, Laura L Avery, Dante D Yeh, David R King, Marc A de Moya, George C Velmahos
BACKGROUND: A negative computed tomographic (CT) scan may be used to rule out cervical spine (c-spine) injury after trauma. Loss of lordosis (LOL) is frequently found as the only CT abnormality. We investigated whether LOL should preclude c-spine clearance. METHODS: All adult trauma patients with isolated LOL at our Level I trauma center (February 1, 2011 to May 31, 2012) were prospectively evaluated. The primary outcome was clinically significant injury on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), flexion-extension views, and/or repeat physical examination...
November 2015: American Journal of Surgery
Peter Chahales, David G Thanassi
Lipoprotein biogenesis in Gram-negative bacteria occurs by a conserved pathway, each step of which is considered essential. In contrast to this model, LoVullo and colleagues demonstrate that the N-acyl transferase Lnt is not required in Francisella tularensis or Neisseria gonorrhoeae. This suggests the existence of a more flexible lipoprotein pathway, likely due to a modified Lol transporter complex, and raises the possibility that pathogens may regulate lipoprotein processing to modulate interactions with the host...
May 2015: Journal of Bacteriology
Eric D LoVullo, Lori F Wright, Vincent Isabella, Jason F Huntley, Martin S Pavelka
UNLABELLED: The processing of lipoproteins (Lpps) in Gram-negative bacteria is generally considered an essential pathway. Mature lipoproteins in these bacteria are triacylated, with the final fatty acid addition performed by Lnt, an apolipoprotein N-acyltransferase. The mature lipoproteins are then sorted by the Lol system, with most Lpps inserted into the outer membrane (OM). We demonstrate here that the lnt gene is not essential to the Gram-negative pathogen Francisella tularensis subsp...
May 2015: Journal of Bacteriology
Sarah M McLeod, Paul R Fleming, Kathleen MacCormack, Robert E McLaughlin, James D Whiteaker, Shin-Ichiro Narita, Makiko Mori, Hajime Tokuda, Alita A Miller
In Gram-negative bacteria, lipoproteins are transported to the outer membrane by the Lol system. In this process, lipoproteins are released from the inner membrane by the ABC transporter LolCDE and passed to LolA, a diffusible periplasmic molecular chaperone. Lipoproteins are then transferred to the outer membrane receptor protein, LolB, for insertion in the outer membrane. Here we describe the discovery and characterization of novel pyridineimidazole compounds that inhibit this process. Escherichia coli mutants resistant to the pyridineimidazoles show no cross-resistance to other classes of antibiotics and map to either the LolC or LolE protein of the LolCDE transporter complex...
March 2015: Journal of Bacteriology
Juan Pan, Minakshi Bhardwaj, Padmaja Nagabhyru, Robert B Grossman, Christopher L Schardl
The lolines are a class of bioprotective alkaloids that are produced by Epichloë species, fungal endophytes of grasses. These alkaloids are saturated 1-aminopyrrolizidines with a C2 to C7 ether bridge, and are structurally differentiated by the various modifications of the 1-amino group: -NH2 (norloline), -NHCH3 (loline), -N(CH3)2 (N-methylloline), -N(CH3)Ac (N-acetylloline), -NHAc (N-acetylnorloline), and -N(CH3)CHO (N-formylloline). Other than the LolP cytochrome P450, which is required for conversion of N-methylloline to N-formylloline, the enzymatic steps for loline diversification have not yet been established...
2014: PloS One
Marina María de Jesús Romero-Prado, Jesús Aarón Curiel-Beltrán, María Viviana Miramontes-Espino, Ernesto Germán Cardona-Muñoz, Angeles Rios-Arellano, Lol-Be Balam-Salazar
Epidemiological studies have suggested that the daily intake of flavonoids is associated with a decreased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Our purpose was to evaluate the effect of the addition of dietary flavonoids (DF) to antihypertensive treatment (AHT), based on telmisartan (Tms) or captopril (Cpr), on blood pressure (BP), body mass index (BMI), waist/hip ratio, leptin, lipid profile and inflammation in hypertensive young patients. An open-label, randomized, controlled trial was performed among 79 patients aged 20-55 years with grade I or grade II systemic arterial hypertension...
July 2015: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Ola Blach, Anil Ghosh
Commonly known as 'little old lady's hernia', obturator hernias are usually seen in frail, octogenarian multiparous women reporting non-specific nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain and anteromedial thigh pain. They are exceedingly rare; even less frequently are they diagnosed preoperatively, with the vast majority being found incidentally at laparotomy for small bowel obstruction. This case report describes an atypical presentation of a 'little old lady's hernia' in a man, in whom, thanks to high degree of clinical suspicion, an incarcerated obturator hernia was diagnosed preoperatively and treated successfully...
2014: BMJ Case Reports
Pramod Durgakeri, Paul Strauss, Bianca Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2014: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Clive R Harding, Jane R Matheson, Michael Hoptroff, David A Jones, Yanjun Luo, Fiona L Baines, Shengjun Luo
Dandruff is a common cosmetic condition associated with flaky scalp skin and pruritus. It is generally treated with regular use of antifungal-based shampoos. Research into factors underlying the characteristic skin lesions has revealed perturbations in epidermal differentiation and a dramatic deterioration in the associated process of stratum corneum (SC) maturation. These observations suggest that directly addressing the quality of the SC could have a scalp benefit. In this study, the authors investigated the efficacy of a moisturising leave-on lotion (LOL) containing a high concentration of glycerol (10%) and other known skin benefit agents (saturated fatty acid and sunflower seed oil) to reduce dandruff over an 8-week treatment period with 3 applications per week...
May 2014: Skinmed
Lourdes del Olmo, Cercis Morera-Boado, Rafael López, José M García de la Vega
An analysis of the electron density of different conformers of the 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (bmimCl) ionic liquid by using DFT through the BVP86 density functional has been obtained within the framework of Bader's atom in molecules (AIM), localized orbital locator (LOL), natural bond orbital (NBO), and deformed atoms in molecules (DAM). We also present an analysis of the reduced density gradients that deliver the non-covalent interaction regions and allow to understand the nature of intermolecular interactions...
June 2014: Journal of Molecular Modeling
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