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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914165/mobile-instant-messaging-for-rural-community-health-workers-a-case-from-malawi
#1
Christoph Pimmer, Susan Mhango, Alfred Mzumara, Francis Mbvundula
BACKGROUND: Mobile instant messaging (MIM) tools, such as WhatsApp, have transformed global communication practice. In the field of global health, MIM is an increasingly used, but little understood, phenomenon. OBJECTIVES: It remains unclear how MIM can be used by rural community health workers (CHWs) and their facilitators, and what are the associated benefits and constraints. To address this gap, WhatsApp groups were implemented and researched in a rural setting in Malawi...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913173/-leaving-no-one-behind-how-community-health-workers-can-contribute-to-achieving-the-sustainable-development-goals
#2
EDITORIAL
Dermot Maher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911327/negotiating-power-relations-gender-equality-and-collective-agency-are-village-health-committees-transformative-social-spaces-in-northern-india
#3
Kerry Scott, Asha S George, Steven A Harvey, Shinjini Mondal, Gupteswar Patel, Kabir Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Participatory health initiatives ideally support progressive social change and stronger collective agency for marginalized groups. However, this empowering potential is often limited by inequalities within communities and between communities and outside actors (i.e. government officials, policymakers). We examined how the participatory initiative of Village Health, Sanitation, and Nutrition Committees (VHSNCs) can enable and hinder the renegotiation of power in rural north India...
September 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911324/leadership-and-governance-of-community-health-worker-programmes-at-scale-a-cross-case-analysis-of-provincial-implementation-in-south-africa
#4
Helen Schneider, Nonhlanhla Nxumalo
BACKGROUND: National community health worker (CHW) programmes are returning to favour as an integral part of primary health care systems, often on the back of pre-existing community based initiatives. There are significant challenges to the integration and support of such programmes, and they require coordination and stewardship at all levels of the health system. This paper explores the leadership and governance tasks of large-scale CHW programmes at sub-national level, through the case of national reforms to South Africa's community based sector, referred to as the Ward Based Outreach Team (WBOT) strategy...
September 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910477/humanitarian-struggle-in-burma-s-conflict-zones
#5
Moe Gyo
The Back Pack Health Worker Team (BPHWT), a community- based health organization, provides primary health care to ethnic people in conflict, remote, and internally displaced areas, in Burma (aka Myanmar), controlled by ethnic armed organizations fighting against the Burma government. Its services include both curative and preventative health care through a network of 1,425 health personnel including community health workers and village-embedded traditional birth attendants and village health workers. The BPHWT organizational and program model may prove useful to Special Operations medical actions in support of insurgent movements and conversely with a host nation's counterinsurgency strategies, which include the extension of its health services into areas that may be remote and/or inhabited by indigenous people and have insurgency potential...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910272/announcement-community-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-for-interventions-engaging-community-health-workers-for-diabetes-management
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905047/use-of-community-health-workers-and-patient-navigators-to-improve-cancer-outcomes-among-patients-served-by-federally-qualified-health-centers-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Katherine B Roland, Erin L Milliken, Elizabeth A Rohan, Amy DeGroff, Susan White, Stephanie Melillo, William E Rorie, Carmita-Anita C Signes, Paul A Young
Introduction: In the United States, disparities in cancer screening, morbidity, and mortality are well documented, and often are related to race/ethnicity and socioeconomic indicators including income, education, and healthcare access. Public health approaches that address social determinants of health have the greatest potential public health benefit, and can positively impact health disparities. As public health interventions, community health workers (CHWs), and patient navigators (PNs) work to address disparities and improve cancer outcomes through education, connecting patients to and navigating them through the healthcare system, supporting patient adherence to screening and diagnostic services, and providing social support and linkages to financial and community resources...
2017: Health Equity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904707/perspectives-on-utilization-of-community-based-health-information-systems-in-western-kenya
#8
Otieno Careena Flora, Kaseje Margaret, Kaseje Dan
INTRODUCTION: Health information systems (HIS) are considered fundamental for the efficient delivery of high quality health care. However, a large number of legal and practical constraints influence the design and introduction of such systems. The inability to quantify and analyse situations with credible data and to use data in planning and managing service delivery plagues Africa. Establishing effective information systems and using this data for planning efficient health service delivery is essential to district health systems' performance improvement...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900788/take-care-of-your-neighborhood
#9
Elmer E Huerta, Patricia Weeks-Coulthurst, Courtney Williams, Sandra M Swain
PURPOSE: Urban women in certain Washington, DC neighborhoods present with advanced breast cancer at high rates despite access to health insurance and health care. METHODS: Through a two-phase intervention, community health workers (CHWs) educated and surveyed individuals regarding healthcare utilization and breast health and cancer awareness. In phase I, CHWs educated and administered a survey to 1092 women, of whom 95.1% had health insurance, in an attempt to explain the high rate of advanced breast cancer despite having health insurance...
September 12, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886013/secondary-bacterial-infections-and-antibiotic-resistance-among-tungiasis-patients-in-western-kenya
#10
Ruth Monyenye Nyangacha, David Odongo, Florence Oyieke, Missiani Ochwoto, Richard Korir, Ronald Kiprotich Ngetich, Gladys Nginya, Olipher Makwaga, Christine Bii, Peter Mwitari, Festus Tolo
Tungiasis or jigger infestation is a parasitic disease caused by the female sand flea Tunga penetrans. Secondary infection of the lesions caused by this flea is common in endemic communities. This study sought to shed light on the bacterial pathogens causing secondary infections in tungiasis lesions and their susceptibility profiles to commonly prescribed antibiotics. Participants were recruited with the help of Community Health Workers. Swabs were taken from lesions which showed signs of secondary infection...
September 8, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873408/-we-need-people-to-collaborate-together-against-this-disease-a-qualitative-exploration-of-perceptions-of-dengue-fever-control-in-caregivers-of-children-under-5-years-in-the-peruvian-amazon
#11
Amy L Frank, Emily R Beales, Gilles de Wildt, Graciela Meza Sanchez, Laura L Jones
BACKGROUND: Dengue Fever presents a significant and growing burden of disease to endemic countries, where children are at particular risk. Worldwide, no effective anti-viral treatment has been identified, thus vector control is key for disease prevention, particularly in Peru where no vaccine is currently available. This qualitative study aimed to explore the perceptions of dengue control in caregivers' of children under 5 years in Peru, to help direct future mosquito control programmes and strategy...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872210/community-health-workers-experiences-of-using-video-teaching-tools-during-home-visits-a-pilot-study
#12
Bronwyné Coetzee, Hannah Kohrman, Mark Tomlinson, Nokwanele Mbewu, Ingrid Le Roux, Maya Adam
Innovations in health, such as the use of tablet computers, show promise in broadening the scope of work of community health workers (CHWs), and play an important role in keeping CHWs and their clients up to date with advancements in health. While the use of mobile phones and tablets is innovative, the applicability of these technologies in different contexts remains poorly understood. Furthermore, little is known about the acceptability and feasibility of the use of video teaching tools on such devices across diverse contexts...
September 5, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870185/the-contribution-of-female-community-health-volunteers-fchvs-to-maternity-care-in-nepal-a-qualitative-study
#13
Sarita Panday, Paul Bissell, Edwin van Teijlingen, Padam Simkhada
BACKGROUND: In resource-poor settings, the provision of basic maternity care within health centres is often a challenge. Despite the difficulties, Nepal reduced its maternal mortality ratio by 80% from 850 to an estimated 170 per 100,000 live births between 1991 and 2011 to achieve Millennium Development Goal Five. One group that has been credited for this is community health workers, known as Female Community Health Volunteers (FCHVs), who form an integral part of the government healthcare system...
September 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865471/performance-of-community-health-workers-situating-their-intermediary-position-within-complex-adaptive-health-systems
#14
REVIEW
Maryse C Kok, Jacqueline E W Broerse, Sally Theobald, Hermen Ormel, Marjolein Dieleman, Miriam Taegtmeyer
Health systems are social institutions, in which health worker performance is shaped by transactional processes between different actors.This analytical assessment unravels the complex web of factors that influence the performance of community health workers (CHWs) in low- and middle-income countries. It examines their unique intermediary position between the communities they serve and actors in the health sector, and the complexity of the health systems in which they operate. The assessment combines evidence from the international literature on CHW programmes with research outcomes from the 5-year REACHOUT consortium, undertaking implementation research to improve CHW performance in six contexts (two in Asia and four in Africa)...
September 2, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859556/the-perceptions-of-first-nation-participants-in-a-community-oral-health-initiative
#15
Kavita R Mathu-Muju, James McLeod, Leeann Donnelly, Rosamund Harrison, Michael I MacEntee
The Children's Oral Health Initiative (COHI) is a federally funded community-based preventive dental program for children and their caregivers living in geographically isolated Canadian Aboriginal communities. The goal of the program is to improve access to preventive dental services for children of 0-7 years of age. It utilises community health workers in collaboration with dental therapists to promote and deliver the program. Almost half of the province of Manitoba's (n=27) First Nations communities have implemented COHI since 2005...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859083/short-term-effectiveness-of-a-community-health-worker-intervention-for-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-in-tanzania-to-improve-treatment-adherence-and-retention-in-care-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#16
Nerissa Nance, Prosper Pendo, Joseph Masanja, David Paul Ngilangwa, Karen Webb, Rita Noronha, Sandra I McCoy
INTRODUCTION: Community health workers (CHWs) are lay workers who have the potential to enhance services to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) and improve the health of women living with HIV infection. We conducted a cluster-randomized trial of an intervention to integrate CHWs with 'Option B+' PMTCT services in Shinyanga Region, Tanzania. METHODS: The intervention was implemented for 11 months and included four integrated components: 1) formal linkage of CHWs to health facilities; 2) CHW-led antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence counseling; 3) loss to follow-up tracing by CHWs; and 4) distribution of Action Birth Cards (ABCs), a birth planning tool...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855233/a-mobile-based-community-health-management-information-system-for-community-health-workers-and-their-supervisors-in-2-districts-of-zambia
#17
Godfrey Biemba, Boniface Chiluba, Kojo Yeboah-Antwi, Vichaels Silavwe, Karsten Lunze, Rodgers K Mwale, Scott Russpatrick, Davidson H Hamer
INTRODUCTION: Effective community health management information systems (C-HMIS) are important in low-resource countries that rely heavily on community-based health care providers. Zambia currently lacks a functioning C-HMIS to provide real-time, community-based health information from community health workers (CHWs) to health center staff and higher levels of the health system. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: We developed a C-HMIS mobile platform for use by CHWs providing integrated community case management (iCCM) services and their supervisors to address challenges of frequent stock-outs and inadequate supportive supervision of iCCM-trained CHWs...
August 30, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851766/modelling-the-cost-of-community-interventions-to-reduce-child-mortality-in-south-africa-using-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#18
Lungiswa Ll Nkonki, Lumbwe L Chola, Aviva A Tugendhaft, Karen K Hofman
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the costs and impact on reducing child mortality of scaling up interventions that can be delivered by community health workers at community level from a provider's perspective. SETTING: In this study, we used the Lives Saved Tool (LiST), a module in the spectrum software. Within the spectrum software, LiST interacts with other modules, the AIDS Impact Module, Family Planning Module and Demography Projections Module (Dem Proj), to model the impact of more than 60 interventions that affect cause-specific mortality...
August 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851421/engaging-and-staying-engaged-a-phenomenological-study-of-barriers-to-equitable-access-to-mental-healthcare-for-people-with-severe-mental-disorders-in-a-rural-african-setting
#19
Maji Hailemariam, Abebaw Fekadu, Martin Prince, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: In low-and middle-income countries, integration of mental health into primary care is recommended to reduce the treatment gap. In this study we explored barriers to initial and ongoing engagement of people with severe mental disorders (SMD) in rural Ethiopia after implementing integrated primary mental healthcare services. METHODS: A qualitative approach was employed. In-depth interviews were conducted with 50 key informants: service users/caregivers engaged with care (n = 17), non-engagers and their caregivers (n = 10), those who had initiated treatment but disengaged and their caregivers (n = 12) and primary healthcare professionals (n = 11)...
August 29, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851408/knowledge-of-obstetric-danger-signs-among-recently-delivered-women-in-chamwino-district-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Deogratius Bintabara, Rose N M Mpembeni, Ahmed Abade Mohamed
BACKGROUND: Low knowledge of danger signs has been shown to delay seeking obstetric care which leads to high maternal mortality and morbidity worldwide. In Tanzania about half of pregnant women are informed about obstetric danger signs during antenatal care, but the proportion of those who have full knowledge of these obstetric danger signs is not known. This study assessed the knowledge of obstetric danger signs and its associated factors among recently-delivered women in Chamwino District, Tanzania...
August 29, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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