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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728309/escherichia-coli-outer-membrane-protein-f-ompf-an-immunogenic-protein-induces-cross-reactive-antibodies-against-escherichia-coli-and-shigella
#1
Xiao Wang, Da Teng, Qingfeng Guan, Ruoyu Mao, Ya Hao, Xiumin Wang, Junhu Yao, Jianhua Wang
Diarrhea caused by pathogenic Escherichia coli (E. coli) is one of the most serious infectious diseases in humans and animals. Due to antibiotics resistance and the lack of efficient vaccine, more attention should be paid to find potential versatile vaccine candidates to prevent diseases. In this study, the sequence homology analysis indicated that OmpF from E. coli CVCC 1515 shares a high identity (90-100%) with about half of the E. coli (46.7%) and Shigella (52.8%) strains. Then the recombinant OmpF was supposed to be developed as a versatile vaccine to prevent E...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728281/-a-cross-sectional-study-of-cataract-in-residents-with-type-2-diabetes-living-in-xinjing-town-shanghai
#2
B J Zhu, X R Zou, Y Xu, X L Bai, M Lu, Y Y Ma, L N Lu, J F Zhu, H D Zou, X Xu
Objective: To investigate the prevalence, subtypes and risk factors of cataract in type 2 diabetic individuals. Methods: Geographically defined cluster sampling method was used in this population-based, cross-sectional study. There were 7 756 type 2 diabetes individuals in Xinjing Town with a residential population of 88 864. The type 2 diabetic individuals were randomly selected from 20 basic sample units in Xinjing Town of Changning District from April to June 2016. All participants received visual acuity measurement and eye examination...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728273/-a-retrospective-study-of-the-perioperative-complications-following-whole-lung-lavage-in-the-treatment-of-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis
#3
Z Q Zhou, W L Guo, Y Chen, C H Zhong, S Y Li
Objective: To evaluate the safety of the procedures of whole lung lavage(WLL) for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis(PAP) in perioperative period. Methods: In this retrospective study, we collected clinical data from 78 WLL procedures of PAP patients from January 2006 to June 2016 in Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Disease. The causes of perioperative complications were analyzed. Results: Eighteen (23.07%) of the 78 procedures developed complications, including pleural effusion(n=4), pneumonia(n=4), cardiac failure(n=2), cardiac arrhythmia (n=2), pneumothorax(n=2), atelectasis(n=1), lung edema(n=1), laryngeal edema(n=1), pleural effusion and pneumonia(n=1)...
July 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728205/-predictability-of-postoperative-pain-and-satisfaction-how-precise-are-we-and-what-is-the-role-of-professional-experience
#4
Ulf Krister Hofmann, Cosima Dobler, Marco Gesicki, Torsten Kluba, Sebastian Scheidt
Background The indication for surgery is justified by an expected improvement for the patient. To evaluate the probability and extent of individual postoperative patient benefit, the surgeon needs to elaborate numerous parameters of potential relevance for the outcome beyond his key competence, that is the technical dimension of the operation. Despite the highest medical standards, individual postoperative satisfaction with surgery is highly variable, even in cases with a technically good result. The aim of the present study was to investigate the individual predictability of postoperative pain and satisfaction in patients with elective musculoskeletal surgery...
July 20, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728152/use-of-the-putamen-as-a-surrogate-anatomical-marker-for-the-internal-segment-of-the-globus-pallidus-in-deep-brain-stimulation-surgery
#5
John A Thompson, Dali Yin, Steven G Ojemann, Aviva Abosch
OBJECTIVE: The success of deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the internal segment of the globus pallidus (GPi) depends on accurately placing the electrode into the GPi motor territory. Direct targeting can be difficult as GPi laminar borders are not always clearly identifiable on MRI. Here, we report a method for using the putamen (PUT) as a surrogate anatomical marker to target the GPi. METHODS: We developed a PUT-based GPi targeting using the FGATIR (fast gray matter acquisition T1-weighted inversion recovery) MRI sequence and compared it with consensus coordinate-based indirect targeting...
July 21, 2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728087/surface-imprinted-bacterial-cellulose-nanofibers-for-hemoglobin-purification
#6
Monireh Bakhshpour, Emel Tamahkar, Müge Andaç, Adil Denizli
There is a significant need for the development of the novel adsorbents in the field of protein purification. In this study, thin hemoglobin imprinted film (MIP) was fabricated onto the bacterial cellulose nanofibers' (BCNFs) by surface imprinting method using metal ion coordination interactions with N-methacryloyl-(L)-histidinemethylester (MAH) and copper ions. The hemoglobin surface imprinted bacterial cellulose nanofibers (MIP-BCNFs) was applied to selective recognition of hemoglobin and purification from hemolysate...
July 10, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728067/an-optimized-hplc-uv-method-for-quantitatively-determining-sesquiterpenes-in-nardostachyos-radix-et-rhizoma
#7
Vu Ngoc Han Le, Trong Quan Khong, Min Kyun Na, Kyung Tae Kim, Jong Seong Kang
Nardostachyos Radix et Rhizoma (NR), the root and rhizome from either Nardostachys jatamansi Batal or Nardostachys jatamansi DC, is known to have biological functions including neuro-protective and anti-pancreatitis activity. The main bioactive compounds within NR are all classified as sesquiterpenes, and include desoxo-narchinol A, nardosinonediol, and nardosinone. Although NR is a valuable herb that is widely used in many Asian countries, robust quality control protocols for NR are still in question, especially those that can analyze the three main active compounds...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728042/pharmacological-relationships-and-ligand-discovery-of-g-protein-coupled-receptors-revealed-by-simultaneous-ligand-and-receptor-clustering
#8
Cheng Zhang, Yi-Ming Shao, Xiaohua Ma, Siew Lee Cheong, Chu Qin, Lin Tao, Peng Zhang, Shangying Chen, Xian Zeng, Hongxia Liu, Giorgia Pastorin, Yuyang Jiang, Yu Zong Chen
Conventional ligand and receptor similarity methods have been extensively used for exposing pharmacological relationships and drug lead discovery. They may in some cases neglect minor relationships useful for target hopping particularly against the remote family members. To complement the conventional methods for capturing these minor relationships, we developed a new method that uses a SLARC (Simultaneous Ligand And Receptor Clustering) 2D map to simultaneously characterize the ligand structural and receptor binding-site sequence relationships of a receptor family...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728034/construction-of-novel-wo3-snnb2o6-hybrid-nanosheet-heterojunctions-as-efficient-z-scheme-photocatalysts-for-pollutant-degradation
#9
Xiaodong Ma, Wanxia Ma, Deli Jiang, Di Li, Suci Meng, Min Chen
The artificially Z-scheme heterojunctions between WO3 nanosheet and SnNb2O6 nanosheet with strongly coupled heterointerfaces were successfully constructed via a simple hydrothermal coassembly method. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution TEM proved that an intimate contact interface was formed. The synthesized heterojunctions exhibites enhanced photodegradation efficiency for Rhodamine B under irradiation of visible light, and the highest reaction rate over 30%-WO3/SnNb2O6 nanosheet heterojunctions is about 4...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728029/peroxidase-mimetic-activity-of-fe3o4-nanoparticle-prepared-based-on-magnetic-hydrogels-for-hydrogen-peroxide-and-glucose-detection
#10
Shasha Song, Yang Liu, Aixin Song, Zengdian Zhao, Hongsheng Lu, Jingcheng Hao
Stimuli-response magnetic hydrogels were prepared in the mixtures of magnetic surfactants, (CnTAFB(C), n=12, 14, 16), and chiral amphiphiles, sodium cholate (SC). The gelation behavior of CnTAFB(C)/SC were studied in detail. The results proved that the hydrophobicity of surfactants and the hydration radius (Rh) of anions played a vital role in the gelation process. The microstructure of the hydrogels were determined to be three-dimensional network of fibrous aggregates. The formation of the hydrogel fibrils was considered to be mainly driven by a delicate balance of multiple non-covalent interactions including hydrophobic interaction, electrostatic interaction, hydrogen bonding, van der Waals force, and the steric effect of SC molecule...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728014/the-structured-observation-of-motor-performance-in-infants-can-detect-cerebral-palsy-early-in-neonatal-intensive-care-recipients
#11
Cecilia Montgomery, Kine Johansen, Steven Lucas, Bo Strömberg, Kristina Persson
BACKGROUND: The detection of motor problems in infancy requires a detailed assessment method that measures both the infants' level of motor development and movement quality. AIMS: To evaluate the ability of the Structured Observation of Motor Performance in Infants (SOMP-I) to detect cerebral palsy (CP) in neonatal intensive care recipients. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study analyzed retrospectively. SUBJECTS: 212 (girls: 96) neonatal intensive care recipients (mean gestational age 34weeks, range: 23-43)...
July 17, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728009/bridged-rebar-graphene-functionalized-aptasensor-for-pathogenic-e-coli-o78-k80-h11-detection
#12
Harmanjit Kaur, Munish Shorie, Manju Sharma, Ashok K Ganguli, Priyanka Sabherwal
We report a novel fabrication method of functionalised Bridged Rebar Graphene (BRG) onto newly designed nanostructured aptasensor for label free impedimetric sensing of pathogenic bacteria E. coli O78:K80:H11. The chemical facilitated unscrolling of MWCNT and subsequent bridging with terephthalaldehyde (TPA) to form 3D-hierarchical BRG nanoconstruct exhibited synergistic effect by combining enhanced electrical properties and facile chemical functionality for stable bio-interface. The bacteria-DNA interactions were captured on BRG nanostructured electrode by using specific anti-E...
July 5, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727965/is-psychology-headed-in-the-right-direction-yes-no-and-maybe
#13
Carol S Dweck
In this piece, I first celebrate the growing contribution of psychology to the understanding and solution of pressing social issues. Then, despite these exciting developments, I worry about whether we have created a field that our students want to spend their lives in, and I suggest concerns that might fruitfully be addressed. Finally, I worry about the potential fragmentation of psychology and applaud programs of research that have shown the unique and important contributions to be made when the methods and perspectives of neuroscience, cognitive science, and computational modeling are integrated with those of social, personality, and developmental psychology...
July 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727917/a-3d-printed-portable-optical-sensing-platform-for-smartphones-capable-of-detecting-the-herbicide-2-4-dichlorophenoxyacetic-acid
#14
Yijia Wang, Mohamed Maarouf Ali Zeinhom, Mingming Yang, Rongrong Sun, Shengfu Wang, Jordan N Smith, Charles Timchalk, Lei Li, Yuehe Lin, Dan Du
Onsite rapid detection of herbicide and herbicide residuals in environmental and biological specimens is important for agriculture, environment, food safety, and health care. Traditional method for herbicide detection requires expensive laboratory equipment and a long turn-round time. In this work, we developed a single-stripe microliter plate smartphone colorimetric device for rapid and low-cost in-field test. This portable smartphone platform is capable of screening 8 samples in a microplate single-stripe...
July 20, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727912/multivariate-analysis-for-quantification-of-plutonium-iv-in-nitric-acid-based-on-absorption-spectra
#15
Amanda M Lines, Susan R Adami, Sergey I Sinkov, Gregg J Lumetta, Samuel A Bryan
Development of more effective, reliable, and fast methods for monitoring process streams is a growing opportunity for analytical applications. Many fields can benefit from on-line monitoring, including the nuclear fuel cycle where improved methods for monitoring radioactive materials will facilitate maintenance of proper safeguards and ensure safe and efficient processing of materials. On-line process monitoring with a focus on optical spectroscopy can provide a fast, non-destructive method for monitoring chemical species...
July 20, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727904/electrophilic-amination-with-nitroarenes
#16
Marian Rauser, Christoph Ascheberg, Meike Niggemann
An exceptionally general electrophilic amination, which directly transforms commercially available nitroarenes with zinc organyls to alkylated aromatic aminoboranes was developed. The reaction starts with a two-step partial reduction of the nitro group to a nitrenoid, which is used in-situ as the electrophilic amination reagent. To facilitate isolation, the resulting air and moisture sensitive aminoboranes were reacted with a range of electrophiles. The protocol not only represents a direct transformation of nitro compounds into an electrophilic amination reagent but also provides an elegant alternative to dehydrocoupling methods for the generation of aminoboranes...
July 20, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727900/head-midline-position-for-preventing-the-occurrence-or-extension-of-germinal-matrix-intraventricular-hemorrhage-in-preterm-infants
#17
REVIEW
Olga Romantsik, Maria Grazia Calevo, Matteo Bruschettini
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is known to constitute the major risk factor for development of germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage (GM-IVH). Head position may affect cerebral hemodynamics and thus may be involved indirectly in development of GM-IVH. Turning the head toward one side may functionally occlude jugular venous drainage on the ipsilateral side while increasing intracranial pressure and cerebral blood volume. Thus, it has been suggested that cerebral venous pressure is reduced and hydrostatic brain drainage improved if the patient is in supine midline position with the bed tilted 30°...
July 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727808/automatic-mouse-ultrasound-detector-a-mud-a-new-tool-for-processing-rodent-vocalizations
#18
Sarah M Zala, Doris Reitschmidt, Anton Noll, Peter Balazs, Dustin J Penn
House mice (Mus musculus) emit complex ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) during social and sexual interactions, which have features similar to bird song (i.e., they are composed of several different types of syllables, uttered in succession over time to form a pattern of sequences). Manually processing complex vocalization data is time-consuming and potentially subjective, and therefore, we developed an algorithm that automatically detects mouse ultrasonic vocalizations (Automatic Mouse Ultrasound Detector or A-MUD)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727806/genocore-a-simple-and-fast-algorithm-for-core-subset-selection-from-large-genotype-datasets
#19
Seongmun Jeong, Jae-Yoon Kim, Soon-Chun Jeong, Sung-Taeg Kang, Jung-Kyung Moon, Namshin Kim
Selecting core subsets from plant genotype datasets is important for enhancing cost-effectiveness and to shorten the time required for analyses of genome-wide association studies (GWAS), and genomics-assisted breeding of crop species, etc. Recently, a large number of genetic markers (>100,000 single nucleotide polymorphisms) have been identified from high-density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays and next-generation sequencing (NGS) data. However, there is no software available for picking out the efficient and consistent core subset from such a huge dataset...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727784/an-ns5a-single-optimized-method-to-determine-genotype-subtype-and-resistance-profiles-of-hepatitis-c-strains
#20
Elisabeth Andre-Garnier, Bernard Besse, Audrey Rodallec, Olivier Ribeyrol, Virginie Ferre, Caroline Luco, Laura Le Guen, Nathalie Bourgeois, Jérôme Gournay, Eric Billaud, François Raffi, Marianne Coste-Burel, Berthe-Marie Imbert-Marcille
The objective was to develop a method of HCV genome sequencing that allowed simultaneous genotyping and NS5A inhibitor resistance profiling. In order to validate the use of a unique RT-PCR for genotypes 1-5, 142 plasma samples from patients infected with HCV were analysed. The NS4B-NS5A partial region was successfully amplified and sequenced in all samples. In parallel, partial NS3 sequences were analyzed obtained for genotyping. Phylogenetic analysis showed concordance of genotypes and subtypes with a bootstrap >95% for each type cluster...
2017: PloS One
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