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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037005/stroke-epidemiology-in-south-east-and-south-east-asia-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Byung Woo Yoon, Jeyaraj Pandian, Jose C Navarro
Asia, which holds 60% of the world's population, comprises some developing countries which are in economic transition. This paper reviews the epidemiology of stroke in South, East and South-East Asia. Data on the epidemiology of stroke in South, East, and South-East Asia were derived from the Global Burden of Disease study (mortality, disability-adjusted life-years [DALYs] lost because of stroke), World Health Organization (vascular risk factors in the community), and publications in PubMed (incidence, prevalence, subtypes, vascular risk factors among hospitalized stroke patients)...
September 2017: Journal of Stroke
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036955/-comparision-of-risk-factors-and-pathogens-in-patients-with-early-and-late-onset-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-intensive-care-unit
#2
Y J Liang, Z L Li, L Wang, B Y Liu, R Y Ding, X C Ma
Objective: To compare risk factors and bacterial etiology in patients with early-onset versus late-onset ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in intensive care unit (ICU). Methods: This prospective cohort study enrolled mechanically ventilated patients hospitalized for more than 48 hours in the first affiliated hospital, China Medical University from Jan 2012 to Jun 2016. Subjects were classified by ventilator status: early-onset VAP (< 5 d ventilation, E-VAP) or late-onset VAP (≥ 5 d ventilation, L-VAP)...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036932/electrospun-chitosan-gelatin-biopolymer-composite-nanofibers-for-horseradish-peroxidase-immobilization-in-a-hydrogen-peroxide-biosensor
#3
Siriwan Teepoo, Phanphruk Dawan, Naris Barnthip
A biosensor based on chitosan-gelatin composite biopolymers nanofibers is found to be effective for the immobilization of horseradish peroxidase to detect hydrogen peroxide. The biopolymer nanofibers were fabricated by an electrospining technique. Upon optimization of synthesis parameters, biopolymers nanofibers, an average of 80 nm in diameter, were obtained and were then modified on the working electrode surface. The effects of the concentration of enzyme, pH, and concentration of the buffer and the working potential on the current response of the nanofibers-modified electrode toward hydrogen peroxide were optimized to obtain the maximal current response...
October 15, 2017: Biosensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036890/recent-advances-in-selex-technology-and-aptamer-applications-in-biomedicine
#4
REVIEW
Zhenjian Zhuo, Yuanyuan Yu, Maolin Wang, Jie Li, Zongkang Zhang, Jin Liu, Xiaohao Wu, Aiping Lu, Ge Zhang, Baoting Zhang
Aptamers are short DNA/RNA oligonucleotides capable of binding to target molecules with high affinity and specificity. The process of selecting an aptamer is called Systematic Evolution of Ligands by Exponential Enrichment (SELEX). Thanks to the inherit merits, aptamers have been used in a wide range of applications, including disease diagnosis, targeted delivery agents and therapeutic uses. To date, great achievements regarding the selection, modifications and application of aptamers have been made. However, few aptamer-based products have already successfully entered into clinical and industrial use...
October 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036884/recent-advances-in-mycotoxin-determination-for-food-monitoring-via-microchip
#5
REVIEW
Yan Man, Gang Liang, An Li, Ligang Pan
Mycotoxins are one of the main factors impacting food safety. Mycotoxin contamination has threatened the health of humans and animals. Conventional methods for the detection of mycotoxins are gas chromatography (GC) or liquid chromatography (LC) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS), or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). However, all these methods are time-consuming, require large-scale instruments and skilled technicians, and consume large amounts of hazardous regents and solvents. Interestingly, a microchip requires less sample consumption and short analysis time, and can realize the integration, miniaturization, and high-throughput detection of the samples...
October 14, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036877/a-hybrid-cnn-feature-model-for-pulmonary-nodule-malignancy-risk-differentiation
#6
Huafeng Wang, Tingting Zhao, Lihong Connie Li, Haixia Pan, Wanquan Liu, Haoqi Gao, Fangfang Han, Yuehai Wang, YiFang Qi, Zhengrong Liang
The malignancy risk differentiation of pulmonary nodule is one of the most challenge tasks of computer-aided diagnosis (CADx). Most recently reported CADx methods or schemes based on texture and shape estimation have shown relatively satisfactory on differentiating the risk level of malignancy among the nodules detected in lung cancer screening. However, the existing CADx schemes tend to detect and analyze characteristics of pulmonary nodules from a statistical perspective according to local features only. Enlightened by the currently prevailing learning ability of convolutional neural network (CNN), which simulates human neural network for target recognition and our previously research on texture features, we present a hybrid model that takes into consideration of both global and local features for pulmonary nodule differentiation using the largest public database founded by the Lung Image Database Consortium and Image Database Resource Initiative (LIDC-IDRI)...
October 10, 2017: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036869/the-relationship-between-trait-self-control-consideration-for-future-consequence-and-organizational-citizenship-behavior-among-chinese-employees
#7
Yu-Jie Wang, Kai Dou
BACKGROUND: Organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) is important to the development of an organization. Research into factors that foster OCB and the underlying processes are therefore substantially crucial. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to test the association between trait self-control and OCB and the mediating role of consideration for future consequence. METHOD: Four hundred and ninety-four Chinese employees (275 men, 219 women) took part in the study...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036850/methodology-for-the-development-of-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-populations
#8
D Rivera, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To describe the methodology utilized to calculate reliability and the generation of norms for 10 neuropsychological tests for children in Spanish-speaking countries. METHOD: The study sample consisted of over 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Inclusion criteria for all countries were to have between 6 to 17 years of age, an Intelligence Quotient of≥80 on the Test of Non-Verbal Intelligence (TONI-2), and score of <19 on the Children's Depression Inventory...
October 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036810/naturalizing-activity-and-safety-of-human-monoclonal-antibodies-against-of-hepatitis-c-virus
#9
Tawfeek H Abelhafez, Ashraf A Tabll, Mostafa K El-Awady, Mohammad M Mashaly, Reem El Shenawy, Yasmine S El-Abd, Maysa H Shaker, Camelia A Abdel Malak
AIM: Assessment of neutralizing activity of the human monoclonal antibodies against HCV and also study its safety in experimental small animals (Swiss mice). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Assessment of neutralizing activity of the human monoclonal antibodies against HCV envelope regions (E1, E2) by two methods (by HCV cc infectious system and by using positive HCV positive serum as source of HCV particles (neutralizing assay 2). Dot ELISA were used to study the activity of the generated antibodies...
September 29, 2017: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036807/obtaining-and-characterization-of-monoclonal-antibodies-against-recombinant-extracellular-domain-of-human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-2
#10
Sarina Nurgul, Abeldenov Sailau, Turgimbayeva Aigerim, Zhylkibayev Assylbek, Ramankulov Erlan, Khassenov Bekbolat, Eskendirova Saule
Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is an important biomarker for detection and treatment of different types of cancers such as breast, ovarian, stomach cancer. In this study, we developed a monoclonal antibody against the extracellular domain (ECD) of HER2 biomarker of breast cancer. For this purpose, the ECD-HER2 gene was amplified and cloned into an expression vector. Gene was generated in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) strain for expression of recombinant protein. The expressed protein was separated by SDS-PAGE and detected by anti-his monoclonal antibody in immunoblotting...
September 8, 2017: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036804/rheopheresis-as-a-causal-therapy-option-for-systemic-scleroderma-ssc
#11
Stine Lutze, G Daeschlein, W Konschake, Michael Jünger
A complex pathomechanism accounts systemic sclerosis as a form of collagenosis. A triad of vasculopathy, autoinflammation, and dysbalance of the fibroblast function can be seen as cause, as well as symptomatic appearance. Comparative with other collagenoses, e.g. Lupus erythematosus, vasculopathy, instead of autoinflammation, appears to be clinically important in systemic scleroderma. The fact that autoinflammation does not represent the major role in the maintenance of the disease is also evident by the lack of therapeutic effects of classical systemic immunosuppressants...
October 7, 2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036771/oral-hormonal-contraception-in-special-circumstances
#12
Patricia Moore, Catherine Streeton
BACKGROUND: Despite the general consensus that long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are the most appropriate choice of contraception for most women, there are special circumstances when the contraceptive and non-contraceptive needs of the patient are met by oral methods. OBJECTIVE: By using case histories, we seek to demonstrate the medical and practical complexities in managing contraceptive needs that may result in oral contraception being the most appropriate choice...
October 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036735/facile-synthesis-and-characterization-of-l-aspartic-acid-coated-iron-oxide-magnetic-nanoparticles-ionps-for-biomedical-applications
#13
Marziyeh Salehiabar, Hamed Nosrati, Soodabeh Davaran, Hossein Danafar, Hamidreza Kheiri Manjili
Natural L-aspartic acid coated iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles (Asp@IONPs) were prepared by a one pot, in-situ and green co-precipitation method in an aqueous medium. Functionalized iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles (IONPs) were characterized by Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. Cellular toxicity of IONPs was also investigated on HEK-293 cell lines...
October 16, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036674/detecting-and-characterizing-micrornas-of-diverse-genomic-origins-via-mirvial
#14
Jing Xia, Lun Li, Tiantian Li, Zhiwei Fang, Kevin Zhang, Junfei Zhou, Hai Peng, Weixiong Zhang
MicroRNAs form an essential class of post-transcriptional gene regulator of eukaryotic species, and play critical parts in development and disease and stress responses. MicroRNAs may originate from various genomic loci, have structural characteristics, and appear in canonical or modified forms, making them subtle to detect and analyze. We present miRvial, a robust computational method and companion software package that supports parameter adjustment and visual inspection of candidate microRNAs. Extensive results comparing miRvial and six existing microRNA finding methods on six model organisms, Mus musculus, Drosophila melanogaste, Arabidopsis thaliana, Oryza sativa, Physcomitrella patens and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, demonstrated the utility and rigor of miRvial in detecting novel microRNAs and characterizing features of microRNAs...
September 19, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036618/unsuccessful-treatment-in-pulmonary-tuberculosis-factors-and-a-consequent-predictive-model
#15
Ana Costa-Veiga, Teodoro Briz, Carla Nunes
Background: Cure is particularly valuable in pulmonary cases (PTB), as unsuccessful treatment fuels incidence and resistance to antibiotics. This study aims to identify individual factors of PTB unsuccessful treatment in Portugal and to develop a consequent predictive model. Methods: Using the Portuguese TB surveillance database (SVIG-TB), PTB cases older than 15 years notified from 2000 to 2012 in Continental Portugal were analyzed. Unsuccessful treatment included the WHO categories (failure, default, death and transferred out)...
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036617/arrayed-mutant-haploid-embryonic-stem-cell-libraries-facilitate-phenotype-driven-genetic-screens
#16
Guang Liu, Xue Wang, Yufang Liu, Meili Zhang, Tao Cai, Zhirong Shen, Yuyan Jia, Yue Huang
Forward genetic screens using mammalian embryonic stem (ES) cells have identified genes required for numerous cellular processes. However, loss-of-function screens are more difficult to conduct in diploid cells because, in most cases, both alleles of a gene must be mutated to exhibit a phenotype. Recently, mammalian haploid ES cell lines were successfully established and applied to several recessive genetic screens. However, all these screens were performed in mixed pools of mutant cells and were mainly based on positive selection...
September 28, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036605/survey-of-laboratory-practices-for-diagnosis-of-fungal-infection-in-seven-asian-countries-an-asia-fungal-working-group-afwg-initiative
#17
Ariya Chindamporn, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Ruoyu Li, Pei-Lun Sun, Ban-Hock Tan, Mitzi Chua, Retno Wahyuningsih, Atul Patel, Zhengyin Liu, Yee-Chun Chen, Methee Chayakulkeeree
An online survey of mycology laboratories in seven Asian countries was conducted to assess the status, competence, and services available. Country representatives from the Asia Fungal Working Group (AFWG) contacted as many laboratories performing mycology diagnosis as possible in their respective countries, requesting that the laboratory heads complete the online survey. In total, 241 laboratories responded, including 71 in China, 104 in India, 11 in Indonesia, 26 in the Philippines, four in Singapore, 18 in Taiwan, and seven in Thailand...
September 20, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036589/simultaneous-determination-of-11-high-polarity-components-from-fructus-corni-a-quantitative-lc-ms-ms-method-for-improved-quality-control
#18
Liling Wang, Hui Chen, Yuhong Jiang, Zhihui Liu, Qiong Wang, Xiao Zheng
Fructus Corni, the dried ripe sarcocarp of Cornus officinalis Sieb.et Zucc (Cornaceae), is widely used in traditional medicine. Pharmacological studies to date have attributed many biological effects to the high-polarity components. However, current quality control methods focus on only several iridoid glycoside components, and, of note, there is no comprehensive method available to simultaneously quantify the high-polarity components in Fructus Corni. Here, a simple, sensitive and robust liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed to simultaneously determine 11 high-polarity constituents (5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural, gallic acid, sweroside, cornin, loganin, morroniside, 7α-O-methylmorroniside, 7β-O-methylmorroniside, 7α-O-ethylmorroniside and 7β-O-ethylmorroniside, cornuside) of Fructus Corni...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Chromatographic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036579/hybridsim-vs-a-web-server-for-large-scale-ligand-based-virtual-screening-using-hybrid-similarity-recognition-techniques
#19
Jinling Shang, Xi Dai, Yecheng Li, Marco Pistolozzi, Ling Wang
Summary: Molecular-similarity searches based on two-dimensional (2D) fingerprint and three-dimensional (3D) shape represent two widely used ligand-based virtual screening (VS) methods in computer-aided drug design. 2D fingerprint-based VS utilizes the binary fragment information on a known ligand, whereas 3D shape-based VS takes advantage of geometric information for predefined features from a 3D conformation. Given their different advantages, it would be desirable to hybridize 2D fingerprint and 3D shape molecular-similarity approaches in drug discovery...
June 26, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036576/currbs-simple-and-robust-evaluation-of-enzyme-combinations-for-reduced-representation-approaches
#20
Daniel E Martin-Herranz, António J M Ribeiro, Felix Krueger, Janet M Thornton, Wolf Reik, Thomas M Stubbs
DNA methylation is an important epigenetic modification in many species that is critical for development, and implicated in ageing and many complex diseases, such as cancer. Many cost-effective genome-wide analyses of DNA modifications rely on restriction enzymes capable of digesting genomic DNA at defined sequence motifs. There are hundreds of restriction enzyme families but few are used to date, because no tool is available for the systematic evaluation of restriction enzyme combinations that can enrich for certain sites of interest in a genome...
September 19, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
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