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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822255/malnutrition-in-postacute-geriatric-care-basic-espen-diagnosis-and-etiology-based-diagnoses-analyzed-by-length-of-stay-in-hospital-mortality-and-functional-rehabilitation-indexes
#1
Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ester Marco, Cédric Annweiler, Natalia Ronquillo-Moreno, Andrea Tortosa, Olga Vázquez-Ibar, Ferran Escalada, Xavier Duran, Josep M Muniesa
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationships between malnutrition and nutrition-related conditions according to the European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) consensus and guidelines and clinical outcomes in postacute rehabilitation. METHODS: Of 102 eligible inpatients, 95 (84.5 years old, 63.2% women) fulfilled inclusion criteria: aged ≥70 years, body mass index <30kg/m(2), admission for rehabilitation. Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF≤11) identified patients "at risk" and ESPEN basic and etiology based definitions were applied...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812579/reproducibility-and-relative-validity-of-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-to-estimate-intake-of-dietary-phylloquinone-and-menaquinones
#2
S R Zwakenberg, A I P Engelen, G W Dalmeijer, S L Booth, C Vermeer, J J M M Drijvers, M C Ocke, E J M Feskens, Y T van der Schouw, J W J Beulens
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the reproducibility and relative validity of the Dutch food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), to estimate intake of dietary phylloquinone and menaquinones compared with 24-h dietary recalls (24HDRs) and plasma markers of vitamin K status. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In a cross-sectional study among 63 men and 58 women, the FFQ was completed three times over a 1-year period and the reproducibility was calculated over these measurements...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812578/throw-caution-to-the-wind-is-refeeding-syndrome-really-a-cause-of-death-in-acute-care
#3
K L Matthews, S M Capra, M A Palmer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Refeeding syndrome (RFS), a life-threatening medical condition, is commonly associated with acute or chronic starvation. While the prevalence of patients at risk of RFS in hospital reportedly ranges from 0 to 80%, the prevalence and types of patients who die as a result of RFS is unknown. We aimed to measure the prevalence rate and examine the case histories of patients who passed away with RFS listed as a cause of death. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Patients were eligible for inclusion provided their death occurred within a Queensland hospital...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812573/adjusting-diet-outcome-associations-for-random-error-comparison-of-associations-based-on-observed-and-estimated-usual-intakes
#4
E Verly-Jr, R Sichieri, V T Baltar
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To compare linear regression coefficients adjusted for random errors with true coefficients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Three hundred and two individuals from the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil answered 20 non-consecutive 24-hr. Means of 20 24-hr were used as an approximation of the usual dietary intakes. It was simulated outcomes with pre-defined linear regression coefficient (β=1.0, referred as 'true coefficient') for usual coffee and soft-drink intakes as explanatory variables controlled for sex and age...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804864/prescription-and-indication-for-oral-nutritional-supplements-in-a-swiss-university-hospital-a-prospective-survey
#5
Julie Mareschal, Jean Altwegg, Dimitri Berthet, Marinette Chikhi, Pierre Chopard, Séverine Graf, Christian Sierro, Claude Pichard, Laurence Genton
AIMS OF THE STUDY: Patients with an acute or chronically negative nutritional balance are at nutritional risk. Oral nutritional supplements (ONS) are simple and effective medical treatments of nutritional risk. In the ambulatory setting, in Switzerland, ONS are reimbursed by public insurance under conditions defined by Swiss Society for Clinical Nutrition. The reimbursement requires a medical prescription for ONS and their delivery at the patient's home by a homecare service. The indication for the ONS, defined as a Nutritional Risk Screening-2002 (NRS-2002) score ≥3, must also be present...
August 14, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801068/lepr-polymorphism-may-affect-energy-balance-during-weight-loss-among-brazilians-obese-adolescents
#6
Flávia Campos Corgosinho, Sandro Soares Almeida, Lian Tock, João Bosco Pesquero, Ronaldo Carvalho Araújo, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente, Bárbara Dal'Molin Netto, Raquel Munhoz da Silveira Campos, Deborah Cristina Landi Masquio, Joana Pereira de Carvalho Ferreira, Priscila de Lima Sanches, Aline de Piano Ganen, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Lila Missae Oyama, Sergio Tufik, Marco Túlio de Mello, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
OBJECTIVE: Leptin is an adipokine released mainly by adipose tissue, with many functions including regulation of energy balance. However, little is known about the effect of LEPR polymorphism on orexigenic and anorexigenic neuropeptides. Thus, the aim of the present study is to verify the influence of LEPR polymorphism (rs2767485) on serum orexigenic (NPY, MCH and AgRP) and anorexigenic (Leptin and α-MSH) neuropeptides levels among obese adolescents submitted to 1year of multicomponent weight loss therapy...
August 2, 2017: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792014/applicability-of-the-direct-parameters-of-bioelectrical-impedance-in-assessing-nutritional-status-and-surgical-complications-of-women-with-gynecological-cancer
#7
I C R Cardoso, M A Aredes, G V Chaves
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) has been considered a promising technique in monitoring the nutritional and hydration status of patients with different types of diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional status provided by direct parameters of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), BIVA and phase angle (PA), in patients with cervical and endometrial cancer undergoing surgical treatment, associating to other parameters of nutritional status and surgical outcomes...
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792013/a-summary-of-meat-intakes-and-health-burdens
#8
REVIEW
C S C Yip, W Lam, R Fielding
This review summarizes published meta-analysis outcomes on the associations between meat intakes and burden of diseases. A novel assessment process was developed, combining selected Cochrane Review measures, AMSTAR checklist, and other quality measures identified by authors during preliminary phases of the review process. Meat intakes have been found to be statistically significant associated with 21 burden of diseases. A total of 37 risk-outcome best dose-response estimations were identified, all were positively associated, and 21 of them with low to moderate, or insignificant heterogeneity...
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768249/paediatric-home-parenteral-nutrition-in-the-czech-republic-and-its-development-multicentre-retrospective-study-1995-2011
#9
Jitka Stýblová, Jana Kalousová, Miroslava Adamcová, Kateřina Bajerová, Jiří Bronský, Filip Fencl, Eva Karásková, Petra Keslová, Jan Melek, Oldřich Pozler, Václav Sebroň, Astrid Šuláková, Jana Tejnická, Peter Tláskal, Ladislav Tomášek, Barbora Vlková, Peter Szitányi
BACKGROUND: Treatment quality and outcomes of paediatric home parenteral nutrition (HPN) program during its development in the Czech Republic. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients receiving HPN from May 1995 till June 2011. RESULTS: Sixty-six patients were treated in 8 centres. In 48 patients, long-term PN began in the first year of life and in 35 of them in the first month. Sixty children had gastrointestinal and 6 had non-gastrointestinal disease...
July 29, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745334/evaluation-of-the-wrist-worn-actigraph-wgt3x-bt-for-estimating-activity-energy-expenditure-in-preschool-children
#10
C Delisle Nyström, J Pomeroy, P Henriksson, E Forsum, F B Ortega, R Maddison, J H Migueles, M Löf
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Easy-to-use and accurate methods to assess free-living activity energy expenditure (AEE) in preschool children are required. The aims of this study in healthy preschool children were to (a) evaluate the ability of the wrist-worn ActiGraph wGT3x-BT to predict free-living AEE and (b) assess wear compliance using a 7-day, 24-h protocol. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Participants were 40 Swedish children (5.5±0.2 years) in the Mobile-based intervention intended to stop obesity in preschoolers (MINISTOP) obesity prevention trial...
July 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745333/breakfast-quality-and-cardiometabolic-risk-profiles-in-an-upper-middle-aged-german-population
#11
K Iqbal, L Schwingshackl, M Gottschald, S Knüppel, M Stelmach-Mardas, K Aleksandrova, H Boeing
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Little is known about relation of overall breakfast quality with cardiometabolic risk factors. Therefore, this study aimed to explore sex-specific associations between breakfast quality and cardiometabolic risk profiles in a sample of an upper middle-aged German population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Cardiometabolic profiles of 339 men and 329 women were cross-sectionally assessed using an overall biomarker score (BScore), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides (TG), blood pressure, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC)...
July 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742713/does-prolonged-enteral-feeding-with-supplemental-omega-3-fatty-acids-impact-on-recovery-post-esophagectomy-results-of-a-randomized-double-blind-trial
#12
Laura A Healy, Aoife Ryan, Suzanne L Doyle, Éadaoin Bríd Ní Bhuachalla, Samantha Cushen, Ricardo Segurado, Thomas Murphy, Narayanasamy Ravi, Claire L Donohoe, John V Reynolds
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial (RCT) hypothesized that prolonged enteral nutrition (EN) with supplemental eicosapentanoic acid (EPA), an omega-3 fatty acid with immune and anabolic properties, may impact on clinical and nutritional outcomes. BACKGROUND: Esophagectomy is associated with significant weight loss and catabolism, and negatively impacts quality of life (QL). Strategies to counter sustained catabolism have therapeutic rationale. METHODS: This multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled RCT was powered on a 5% difference in lean body mass (LBM) at 1 month...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722030/therapeutic-lifestyle-change-diet-enriched-in-legumes-reduces-oxidative-stress-in-overweight-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-crossover-randomised-clinical-trial
#13
P Mirmiran, S Hosseinpour-Niazi, F Azizi
The objective of this study was to investigate whether a diet rich in legumes are associated with oxidative stress among type 2 diabetic patients. In a randomized, controlled, crossover clinical trial, 31 type 2 diabetic patients were randomly assigned to receive 2 diets, each for a period of 8 weeks: (1) The legume-free therapeutic lifestyle change (TLC) diet and (2) the legume-based TLC diet. Both diets were similar except that 2 servings of red meat were replaced by different types of legumes 3 days per week in the legume-based TLC diet...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722029/effects-of-procedure-upright-equilibrium-time-sex-and-bmi-on-the-precision-of-body-fluid-measurements-using-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis
#14
S Thurlow, G Taylor-Covill, P Sahota, B Oldroyd, K Hind
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Extensive work has addressed the validity of bioimpedance (BIA) measurements and the effect of posture on fluid homeostasis. However, limited research has investigated effects of subject preparation. This study aimed to determine the precision of total body water (TBW) and extracellular water (ECW) measurements using a stand-on multifrequency BIA (MFBIA seca mBCA 514/515), in three pre-test procedures: supine, sitting, and following walking, with specific reference to the influence of sex and body mass index (BMI)...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722028/fat-free-mass-depletion-in-patients-with-copd-in-brazil-development-of-a-new-cutoff-point-and-its-relation-with-mortality-and-extrapulmonary-manifestations
#15
A Travassos, A Rodrigues, K C Furlanetto, L Donária, G W Bisca, A G Nellessen, F Pitta, N A Hernandes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: None of the cutoff points for fat-free mass index (FFMI) were tested for the Brazilian population, and it is unknown whether the available ones are able to discriminate extrapulmonary disease manifestations. This cross-sectional study aims to develop and validate a cutoff point for FFM depletion based on Brazilian patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to verify its association and of previously published cutoffs with extrapulmonary manifestations...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718091/nutritional-and-micronutrient-care-of-bariatric-surgery-patients-current-evidence-update
#16
REVIEW
Michael A Via, Jeffrey I Mechanick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The continued success of bariatric surgery to treat obesity and obesity-associated metabolic conditions creates a need for a strong understanding of clinical nutrition both before and after these procedures. RECENT FINDINGS: Surgically induced alteration of gastrointestinal physiology can affect the nutrition of individuals, especially among those who have undergone malabsorptive procedures. While uncommon, a subset of patients may develop protein-calorie malnutrition...
July 17, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712119/circulating-activin-a-predicts-survival-in-cancer-patients
#17
Audrey Loumaye, Marie de Barsy, Maxime Nachit, Pascale Lause, Aline van Maanen, Pierre Trefois, Damien Gruson, Jean-Paul Thissen
BACKGROUND: Several experimental evidences pinpoint the possible role of Activin A (ActA) as a driver of cancer cachexia. Supporting this hypothesis, we showed recently that human cancer cachexia is associated with high ActA levels. Moreover, ActA levels were correlated with body weight loss and skeletal muscle density, two prognostic factors in cancer patients. Our goal was therefore to investigate the value of ActA to predict survival in cancer patients. METHODS: Patients with colorectal or lung cancer were prospectively enrolled at the time of diagnosis or relapse between January 2012 and March 2014...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706729/a-retrospective-review-of-the-pediatric-development-clinic-implementation-a-model-to-improve-medical-nutritional-and-developmental-outcomes-of-at-risk-under-five-children-in-rural-rwanda
#18
Eric Ngabireyimana, Christine Mutaganzwa, Catherine M Kirk, Ann C Miller, Kim Wilson, Evodia Dushimimana, Olivier Bigirumwami, Evelyne S Mukakabano, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Hema Magge
BACKGROUND: As more high-risk newborns survive the neonatal period, they remain at significant medical, nutritional, and developmental risk. However, no follow-up system for early intervention exists in most developing countries. In 2014, a novel Pediatric Development Clinic (PDC) was implemented to provide comprehensive follow-up to at-risk under-five children, led by nurses and social workers in a district hospital and surrounding health centers in rural Rwanda. METHODS: At each PDC visit, children undergo clinical/nutritional assessment and caregivers participate in counseling sessions...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699630/prevalence-and-clinical-correlation-of-dysphagia-in-parkinson-disease-a-study-on-chinese-patients
#19
X Ding, J Gao, C Xie, B Xiong, S Wu, Z Cen, Y Lou, D Lou, F Xie, W Luo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dysphagia is relatively common in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and can have a negative impact on their quality of life; therefore, it is imperative that its prevalence in PD patients is studied. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and clinical correlation of dysphagia in Chinese PD patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We recruited 116 Chinese PD patients. A videofluoroscopic study of swallowing (VFSS) was used to identify dysphagia...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699629/dietary-intake-of-antioxidant-vitamins-and-risk-of-stroke-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#20
S Uesugi, J Ishihara, H Iso, N Sawada, R Takachi, M Inoue, S Tsugane
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Epidemiologic evidence on the relationship between antioxidant vitamin intake and stroke is limited. We aimed to investigate the association between dietary intake of antioxidant vitamins and the incidence of total stroke and ischemic stroke. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The subjects were 82 044 Japanese men and women aged 45-74 years under the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Cohort Study. Between 1995 and 1997, dietary assessment was done using a food frequency questionnaire...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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