keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"clinical nutrition "

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444858/dietary-protein-content-for-an-optimal-diet-a-clinical-view
#1
EDITORIAL
Lidia Santarpia, Franco Contaldo, Fabrizio Pasanisi
The dietary protein role in different clinical nutritional conditions and some physio-pathological perspectives is a current and hot topic to discuss. Recent Proceedings of the Protein Summit 2, joining more than 60 nutrition scientists, health experts, and nutrition educators, suggest to increase plant but, in particular, animal protein intake because richer in leucine and consequently more effective to influence anabolic protein metabolism. The Panel conclusions are in apparent contradiction with the nutritional ecology statements, which strongly sustain the reduction of animal origin foods in the human diet and are currently concerned about the excessive, mainly animal protein intake in western and westernized Countries...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443607/novel-approaches-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-and-exercise-for-prevention-and-management-of-type-2-diabetes
#2
REVIEW
R Arena, M Sagner, N M Byrne, A D Williams, A McNeil, S J Street, A P Hills
Despite increased evidence for the importance of lifestyle modification, physical activity and diet in diabetes prevention and management, habitual physical activity levels have declined in recent decades in China and India. Further, other risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including overweight, obesity and physical inactivity, have also worsened. Here we present evidence for the importance of physical activity and exercise in the amelioration of type 2 diabetes and propose a novel approach to address the challenge of improving lifestyle behaviors in China and India-Movement is Medicine and a P4 (predictive, preventive, personalized and participatory) approach...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422124/prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-and-its-complications-in-india-and-economic-costs-to-the-nation
#3
REVIEW
R Pradeepa, V Mohan
Diabetes, a major lifestyle disorder, has become a global burden, and the prevalence rates are rising steeply in developing economies. Rapid socioeconomic transition with urbanization and industrialization are the main causes for the global diabetes epidemic. Among developing economies, the highest increase in number of people with diabetes is in China followed by India. In India, the epidemic of diabetes continue to increase and is experiencing a shift in diabetes prevalence from urban to rural areas, the affluent to the less privileged and from older to younger people...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422123/role-of-lifestyle-factors-in-the-epidemic-of-diabetes-lessons-learnt-from-india
#4
REVIEW
M Deepa, R M Anjana, V Mohan
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasing steadily globally with the largest increases occurring in developing countries like India. This is attributed to the changes in the lifestyle factors, including physical inactivity and unhealthy diet, both of which are modifiable. Existing evidence suggests that increasing physical activity reduces the risk of T2D. Improving the built environment can make it more conducive to people to increase physical activity. There is also a rapid nutrition transition with consumption of diets with higher intake of refined grains, higher fat, increased consumption of sugar and sweetened beverages, and lower intake of fruits and vegetables...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422122/infant-milk-fat-droplet-size-and-coating-affect-postprandial-responses-in-healthy-adult-men-a-proof-of-concept-study
#5
S Baumgartner, B J M van de Heijning, D Acton, R P Mensink
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Fat droplets in human milk (HM) are larger and surrounded by a phospholipid membrane compared with infant milk formulas (IMF). Since the physical structure of fat droplets might affect digestion and postprandial metabolism, an IMF was developed more mimicking HM lipid structure than current IMF. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A randomised, double-blind, crossover study was performed in 29 fasted healthy men (aged 18-25 years, BMI: 18-25 kg/m(2)) to compare 5-hour postprandial responses after consumption of an experimental IMF (Concept, Nuturis) with a current IMF (Control)...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422121/a-decrease-in-blood-cholesterol-after-gastrostomy-could-impact-survival-in-als
#6
H Blasco, F Patin, S Molinier, P Vourc'h, O Le Tilly, S Bakkouche, C R Andres, V Meininger, P Couratier, P Corcia
Although the global benefits of gastrostomy have been proven in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), the impact on biological parameters has not been explored yet. The aim of this preliminary work was to evaluate the modification of biological parameters in patients with ALS undergoing gastrostomy. We retrospectively collected clinical and biological data from 44 patients having undergone gastrostomy at three time points (T0, T1 and T2: before, at the time of and after gastrostomy). We examined the relationship between the biological parameters and disease progression...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422120/trends-of-increases-in-potential-risk-factors-and-prevalence-rates-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-thailand
#7
REVIEW
V Chavasit, W Kriengsinyos, J Photi, K Tontisirin
Over the past three decades, undernutrition in Thailand has drastically reduced by over seven times. However, since 1995 the number of patients afflicted with non-communicable diseases, such as diabetes mellitus, has rapidly increased, even among the young. Unhealthy life styles due to urbanization are a major reason for this increase. Less physical activity and low consumption of fruits and vegetables, as well as high consumption of added free sugar, are common. Every year, the Thai people increase their consumption of energy from fat and protein, while lowering their intake of energy from complex carbohydrates...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422119/current-lifestyle-factors-that-increase-risk-of-t2dm-in-china
#8
REVIEW
N Zhang, S M Du, G S Ma
The Report on the Status of Nutrition and Chronic Diseases of Chinese residents (2015) indicated that the prevalence of diabetes was 9.7% among adults aged ⩾18 years, which markedly increased from 2.6% in 2002 within 10 years. In addition to the social economic factors, transitions in food consumption, behavioral and lifestyle playing the important roles in the fast increase of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In 2010-2012, the cereal food consumption of Chinese residents was 337 g/d, vegetables consumption 269 g/d, fruit consumption 41 g/d, legume and legume products 11 g/d, dairy and dairy products consumption 25 g/d, meat consumption 90 g/d, edible oil consumption 42 g/d and dietary fiber 10...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422118/nutrient-regulation-of-%C3%AE-cell-function-what-do-islet-cell-animal-studies-tell-us
#9
REVIEW
R Carlessi, K N Keane, C Mamotte, P Newsholme
Diabetes mellitus is widely recognised as one of the most serious metabolic diseases worldwide, and its incidence in Asian countries is growing at an alarming rate. Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is closely associated with age, sedentary lifestyle and poor diet. In T2DM, β-cell dysfunction will occur before hyperglycaemia develops. Excessive levels of glucose, lipid and various inflammatory factors interact at the level of the pancreatic islet to promote β-cell dysfunction. Pancreatic β-cell lines have been widely utilised since the early 1980s and have contributed a large volume of important information regarding molecular, metabolic and genetic mechanisms that regulate insulin secretion...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406437/low-glycemic-index-prototype-isomaltulose-update-of-clinical-trials
#10
REVIEW
Constanze Christin Maresch, Sebastian Friedrich Petry, Stephan Theis, Anja Bosy-Westphal, Thomas Linn
Low glycemic index diets are supposed to achieve a more beneficial effect on blood glucose control in people with diabetes mellitus and may also provide metabolic benefits for the general population. A prototype of a low-glycemic index carbohydrate is the natural occurring disaccharide isomaltulose that can be commercially produced from sucrose (beet sugar) to industrial scale. It is currently used in various food and drink applications as well as special and clinical nutrition feeds and formula diet as a food ingredient and alternative sugar...
April 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402326/chocolate-intake-and-diabetes-risk-in-postmenopausal-american-women
#11
J A Greenberg, J E Manson, L Tinker, M L Neuhouser, L Garcia, M Z Vitolins, L S Phillips
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Recent long-term prospective cohort studies found inverse associations between chocolate consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes, but provided conflicting evidence on the nature of the association among women. To assess this association in a large cohort of American women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Multivariable Cox regression was used with the data from 92 678 postmenopausal women in the prospective Women's Health Initiative study. Chocolate intake was assessed by food frequency questionnaire...
April 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402325/the-bioenergetics-of-inflammation-insights-into-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes
#12
REVIEW
K N Keane, E K Calton, R Carlessi, P H Hart, P Newsholme
Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic metabolic disorders worldwide, and its incidence in Asian countries is alarmingly high. Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is closely associated with obesity, and the staggering rise in obesity is one of the primary factors related to the increased frequency of T2DM. Low-grade chronic inflammation is also accepted as an integral metabolic adaption in obesity and T2DM, and is believed to be a major player in the onset of insulin resistance. However, the exact mechanism(s) that cause a persistent chronic low-grade infiltration of leukocytes into insulin-target tissues such as adipose, skeletal muscle and liver are not entirely known...
April 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402324/vitamin-b12-status-in-pregnant-women-and-their-infants-in-south-india
#13
J L Finkelstein, A V Kurpad, T Thomas, K Srinivasan, C Duggan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin B12 deficiency during pregnancy has been associated with increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes. However, few studies have investigated the burden and determinants of vitamin B12 status in young infants. This study was conducted to determine the associations between maternal and infant vitamin B12 status. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Pregnant women participating in a vitamin B12 supplementation trial in Bangalore, India, were randomized to receive vitamin B12 (50 μg) or placebo supplementation daily during pregnancy through 6 weeks postpartum...
April 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402322/nutritional-status-in-patients-with-phenylketonuria-using-glycomacropeptide-as-their-major-protein-source
#14
A Pinto, M F Almeida, P C Ramos, S Rocha, A Guimas, R Ribeiro, E Martins, A Bandeira, A MacDonald, J C Rocha
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Low phenylalanine (PHE), glycomacropeptide-based protein substitute (GMP) is an alternative to traditional L-amino acid supplements (AA) used in the dietary management of phenylketonuria (PKU). In a retrospective, longitudinal study, we report the nutritional status of PKU patients taking AA and GMP. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Eleven PKU patients aged 27±10 years (1 HPA, 4 mild and 6 classical PKU) on dietary treatment were evaluated (anthropometry, body composition, blood pressure measurements, biochemical markers including vitamin, mineral, lipids, carbohydrates and protein status/metabolism, and nutritional intake assessment) at two different annual reviews...
April 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388374/summary-points-and-consensus-recommendations-from-the-international-protein-summit
#15
Ryan T Hurt, Stephen A McClave, Robert G Martindale, Juan B Ochoa Gautier, Jorge A Coss-Bu, Roland N Dickerson, Daren K Heyland, L John Hoffer, Frederick A Moore, Claudia R Morris, Douglas Paddon-Jones, Jayshil J Patel, Stuart M Phillips, Saúl J Rugeles, Menaka Sarav Md, Peter J M Weijs, Jan Wernerman, Jill Hamilton-Reeves, Craig J McClain, Beth Taylor
The International Protein Summit in 2016 brought experts in clinical nutrition and protein metabolism together from around the globe to determine the impact of high-dose protein administration on clinical outcomes and address barriers to its delivery in the critically ill patient. It has been suggested that high doses of protein in the range of 1.2-2.5 g/kg/d may be required in the setting of the intensive care unit (ICU) to optimize nutrition therapy and reduce mortality. While incapable of blunting the catabolic response, protein doses in this range may be needed to best stimulate new protein synthesis and preserve muscle mass...
April 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385477/espen-guideline-clinical-nutrition-in-surgery
#16
Arved Weimann, Marco Braga, Franco Carli, Takashi Higashiguchi, Martin Hübner, Stanislaw Klek, Alessandro Laviano, Olle Ljungqvist, Dileep N Lobo, Robert Martindale, Dan L Waitzberg, Stephan C Bischoff, Pierre Singer
Early oral feeding is the preferred mode of nutrition for surgical patients. Avoidance of any nutritional therapy bears the risk of underfeeding during the postoperative course after major surgery. Considering that malnutrition and underfeeding are risk factors for postoperative complications, early enteral feeding is especially relevant for any surgical patient at nutritional risk, especially for those undergoing upper gastrointestinal surgery. The focus of this guideline is to cover nutritional aspects of the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) concept and the special nutritional needs of patients undergoing major surgery, e...
June 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383333/quality-improvement-in-clinical-nutrition-screening-and-mealtime-protection-for-the-hospitalized-patient
#17
Beverly Morgan Yordy, Sarah Roberts, Helen M Taggart
PURPOSE: The purpose of the quality improvement project was to (1) enhance awareness, accuracy, and use of the validated nutrition screening tool by the nurse and (2) improve compliance to the nutrition care plan that included increasing patient meal intake percentage. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT: Nurses were provided with an in-depth educational program focused on the implementation of the nutrition screening tool on patient admission to the clinical site. Second, a unit-level patient protected mealtime program was implemented in an effort to decrease unnecessary mealtime interruptions and promote nurses and nursing assistants to assist with meals during mealtime to improve patient meal intake percentage and, finally, to encourage collaboration between the clinical nurse specialist, unit level nurses, and registered dietitians to improve patient nutritional care...
May 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383298/fructose-use-in-clinical-nutrition-metabolic-effects-and-potential-consequences
#18
Sandra Moulin, Gérald Seematter, Kevin Seyssel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article presents recent findings on the metabolic effects of fructose. RECENT FINDINGS: Fructose has always been considered as a simple 'caloric' hexose only metabolized by splanchnic tissues. Nevertheless, there is growing evidence that fructose acts as a second messenger and induces effects throughout the human body. SUMMARY: Recent discoveries made possible with the evolution of technology have highlighted that fructose induces pleiotropic effects on different tissues...
April 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378854/omega-3-therapeutic-supplementation-in-a-patient-with-metastatic-adenocarcinoma-of-the-pancreas-with-muscle-mass-depletion
#19
R Ramalho, P Ramalho, N Couto, P Pereira
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma has an extremely poor prognosis. With the best available treatments, the median overall survival duration is still less than 1 year. Most patients develop anorexia and major muscle mass loss that interfere with chemotherapy tolerance and survival. In this paper, we present a case in which these problems were a major concern. A multidisciplinary approach with chemotherapy and close nutritional support permitted better control of the disease and longer survival. We also review the literature on nutritional interventions that show an improvement in quality of life and survival in these patients...
April 5, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378853/serum-metabolomic-profiling-highlights-pathways-associated-with-liver-fat-content-in-a-general-population-sample
#20
M Koch, S Freitag-Wolf, S Schlesinger, J Borggrefe, J R Hov, M K Jensen, J Pick, M R P Markus, T Höpfner, G Jacobs, S Siegert, A Artati, G Kastenmüller, W Römisch-Margl, J Adamski, T Illig, M Nothnagel, T H Karlsen, S Schreiber, A Franke, M Krawczak, U Nöthlings, W Lieb
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Fatty liver disease (FLD) is an important intermediate trait along the cardiometabolic disease spectrum and strongly associates with type 2 diabetes. Knowledge of biological pathways implicated in FLD is limited. An untargeted metabolomic approach might unravel novel pathways related to FLD. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In a population-based sample (n=555) from Northern Germany, liver fat content was quantified as liver signal intensity using magnetic resonance imaging...
April 5, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
keyword
keyword
34253
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"