keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"clinical nutrition "

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722030/therapeutic-lifestyle-change-diet-enriched-in-legumes-reduces-oxidative-stress-in-overweight-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-crossover-randomised-clinical-trial
#1
P Mirmiran, S Hosseinpour-Niazi, F Azizi
The objective of this study was to investigate whether a diet rich in legumes are associated with oxidative stress among type 2 diabetic patients. In a randomized, controlled, crossover clinical trial, 31 type 2 diabetic patients were randomly assigned to receive 2 diets, each for a period of 8 weeks: (1) The legume-free therapeutic lifestyle change (TLC) diet and (2) the legume-based TLC diet. Both diets were similar except that 2 servings of red meat were replaced by different types of legumes 3 days per week in the legume-based TLC diet...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722029/effects-of-procedure-upright-equilibrium-time-sex-and-bmi-on-the-precision-of-body-fluid-measurements-using-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis
#2
S Thurlow, G Taylor-Covill, P Sahota, B Oldroyd, K Hind
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Extensive work has addressed the validity of bioimpedance (BIA) measurements and the effect of posture on fluid homeostasis. However, limited research has investigated effects of subject preparation. This study aimed to determine the precision of total body water (TBW) and extracellular water (ECW) measurements using a stand-on multifrequency BIA (MFBIA seca mBCA 514/515), in three pre-test procedures: supine, sitting, and following walking, with specific reference to the influence of sex and body mass index (BMI)...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722028/fat-free-mass-depletion-in-patients-with-copd-in-brazil-development-of-a-new-cutoff-point-and-its-relation-with-mortality-and-extrapulmonary-manifestations
#3
A Travassos, A Rodrigues, K C Furlanetto, L Donária, G W Bisca, A G Nellessen, F Pitta, N A Hernandes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: None of the cutoff points for fat-free mass index (FFMI) were tested for the Brazilian population, and it is unknown whether the available ones are able to discriminate extrapulmonary disease manifestations. This cross-sectional study aims to develop and validate a cutoff point for FFM depletion based on Brazilian patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to verify its association and of previously published cutoffs with extrapulmonary manifestations...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718091/nutritional-and-micronutrient-care-of-bariatric-surgery-patients-current-evidence-update
#4
REVIEW
Michael A Via, Jeffrey I Mechanick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The continued success of bariatric surgery to treat obesity and obesity-associated metabolic conditions creates a need for a strong understanding of clinical nutrition both before and after these procedures. RECENT FINDINGS: Surgically induced alteration of gastrointestinal physiology can affect the nutrition of individuals, especially among those who have undergone malabsorptive procedures. While uncommon, a subset of patients may develop protein-calorie malnutrition...
July 17, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712119/circulating-activin-a-predicts-survival-in-cancer-patients
#5
Audrey Loumaye, Marie de Barsy, Maxime Nachit, Pascale Lause, Aline van Maanen, Pierre Trefois, Damien Gruson, Jean-Paul Thissen
BACKGROUND: Several experimental evidences pinpoint the possible role of Activin A (ActA) as a driver of cancer cachexia. Supporting this hypothesis, we showed recently that human cancer cachexia is associated with high ActA levels. Moreover, ActA levels were correlated with body weight loss and skeletal muscle density, two prognostic factors in cancer patients. Our goal was therefore to investigate the value of ActA to predict survival in cancer patients. METHODS: Patients with colorectal or lung cancer were prospectively enrolled at the time of diagnosis or relapse between January 2012 and March 2014...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706729/a-retrospective-review-of-the-pediatric-development-clinic-implementation-a-model-to-improve-medical-nutritional-and-developmental-outcomes-of-at-risk-under-five-children-in-rural-rwanda
#6
Eric Ngabireyimana, Christine Mutaganzwa, Catherine M Kirk, Ann C Miller, Kim Wilson, Evodia Dushimimana, Olivier Bigirumwami, Evelyne S Mukakabano, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Hema Magge
BACKGROUND: As more high-risk newborns survive the neonatal period, they remain at significant medical, nutritional, and developmental risk. However, no follow-up system for early intervention exists in most developing countries. In 2014, a novel Pediatric Development Clinic (PDC) was implemented to provide comprehensive follow-up to at-risk under-five children, led by nurses and social workers in a district hospital and surrounding health centers in rural Rwanda. METHODS: At each PDC visit, children undergo clinical/nutritional assessment and caregivers participate in counseling sessions...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699630/prevalence-and-clinical-correlation-of-dysphagia-in-parkinson-disease-a-study-on-chinese-patients
#7
X Ding, J Gao, C Xie, B Xiong, S Wu, Z Cen, Y Lou, D Lou, F Xie, W Luo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dysphagia is relatively common in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and can have a negative impact on their quality of life; therefore, it is imperative that its prevalence in PD patients is studied. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and clinical correlation of dysphagia in Chinese PD patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We recruited 116 Chinese PD patients. A videofluoroscopic study of swallowing (VFSS) was used to identify dysphagia...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699629/dietary-intake-of-antioxidant-vitamins-and-risk-of-stroke-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#8
S Uesugi, J Ishihara, H Iso, N Sawada, R Takachi, M Inoue, S Tsugane
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Epidemiologic evidence on the relationship between antioxidant vitamin intake and stroke is limited. We aimed to investigate the association between dietary intake of antioxidant vitamins and the incidence of total stroke and ischemic stroke. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The subjects were 82 044 Japanese men and women aged 45-74 years under the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Cohort Study. Between 1995 and 1997, dietary assessment was done using a food frequency questionnaire...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699628/the-effects-of-partial-sleep-restriction-and-altered-sleep-timing-on-olfactory-performance
#9
J McNeil, G Forest, L J Hintze, J-F Brunet, É Doucet
Olfaction can increase the drive to eat and may partially explain the consistent increases in energy intake (EI) following sleep restriction. We investigated the effects of 50% sleep restriction with altered sleep timing on olfactory performance. We also evaluated whether changes (Δ) in olfactory performance were associated with Δ24 h EI. Twelve men and six women (age: 23±4 years; BMI: 23±3 kg/m(2)) completed three randomized cross-over conditions: habitual sleep duration, 50% sleep restriction with advanced wake-time, and 50% sleep restriction with delayed bedtime...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699602/importance-of-target-calorie-intake-in-hospitalized-patients
#10
Ferda Akbay Harmandar, Ismail Gömceli, Başak Oğuz Yolcular, Ayhan Hilmi Çekin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the feasibility and clinical outcome of a nutritional algorithm based on target calorie intake commenced as enteral nutrition (EN) alone or in combination with supplemental parenteral nutrition (SPN) among hospitalized patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 301 hospitalized patients who were provided with nutritional support, including EN (n=125) or EN+SPN (n=176), due to various medical conditions during their hospitalization were included in this study conducted at Antalya Training and Research Hospital...
July 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689670/espen-expert-group-recommendations-for-action-against-cancer-related-malnutrition
#11
REVIEW
J Arends, V Baracos, H Bertz, F Bozzetti, P C Calder, N E P Deutz, N Erickson, A Laviano, M P Lisanti, D N Lobo, D C McMillan, M Muscaritoli, J Ockenga, M Pirlich, F Strasser, M de van der Schueren, A Van Gossum, P Vaupel, A Weimann
Patients with cancer are at particularly high risk for malnutrition because both the disease and its treatments threaten their nutritional status. Yet cancer-related nutritional risk is sometimes overlooked or under-treated by clinicians, patients, and their families. The European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) recently published evidence-based guidelines for nutritional care in patients with cancer. In further support of these guidelines, an ESPEN oncology expert group met for a Cancer and Nutrition Workshop in Berlin on October 24 and 25, 2016...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656974/leisure-time-sedentary-behavior-physical-activity-and-frequency-of-protein-consumption-on-lower-extremity-strength-and-lean-mass
#12
P D Loprinzi, J P Loenneke, D L Hamilton
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the independent and combined associations of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), leisure time sedentary behavior and daily protein consumption on lower extremity muscular strength and lean mass. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data from the 1999-2002 NHANES were utilized (N=1080 adults 50-85 y). Leg lean mass was estimated from dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans. Knee extensor strength was assessed objectively using the Kin Com MP dynamometer...
June 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656973/body-composition-assessment-of-crohn-s-outpatients-and-comparison-with-gender-and-age-specific-multiple-matched-control-pairs
#13
A Molnár, Á A Csontos, I Kovács, Á D Anton, E Pálfi, P Miheller
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Routine clinical care for Crohn's disease (CD) outpatients does not cover the assessment of body composition (BC); although this disease (because of inflammation, surgeries, lack of physical activity and appetite) may have a severe impact on lean body mass. The main aims of this prospective research were to assess the nutritional status of the patients and to compare their data with apparently healthy gender- and age-specific matched control pairs. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Overall, 136 CD patients and 1752 apparently healthy people were involved in the study...
June 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656971/dietary-patterns-cost-and-compliance-with-low-protein-diet-of-phenylketonuria-and-other-inherited-metabolic-diseases
#14
T Mlčoch, R Puda, P Ješina, M Lhotáková, Š Štěrbová, T Doležal
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Phenylketonuria (PKU) and several other inherited metabolic diseases (IMD) require a lifelong low-protein diet (LPD), otherwise they lead to many health complications. LPDs, however, carry a significant economic burden for patients and their families. The objective of this study was to explore the costs of low-protein foods (LPFs) necessary for LPD as well as dietary patterns and compliance towards an LPD. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A detailed questionnaire was created in cooperation with National Association of PKU and other IMD (NSPKU), and consequently sent to all NSPKU members treated with an LPD (n=303)...
June 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656970/association-studies-of-genetic-scores-of-serum-vitamin-b12-and-folate-levels-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-two-danish-population-studies
#15
L T Møllehave, T Skaaby, K S Simonsen, B H Thuesen, E L Mortensen, C H Sandholt, O Pedersen, N Grarup, T Hansen, A Linneberg
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Observational studies have suggested low serum levels of vitamin B12 or folate to be risk factors of depression and anxiety. However, these results may be biased by confounding and reverse causation. Mendelian randomization studies are not subject to these limitations. The aim was to examine the association of genetic scores of vitamin B12 and folate-associated alleles with depression and anxiety. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The study included 4126 participants from two Danish population-based studies...
June 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656969/breastfeeding-trends-in-healthy-infants-since-1990-results-of-the-donald-study
#16
L Libuda, K Bolzenius, U Alexy
Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for infants during the first 6 months of life. The aim of this analysis was to examine time trends in breastfeeding between 1990 and 2013 in Germany using data from the DONALD (Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed) Study. Although partial breastfeeding was observed to constantly increase over time in both 3-month and 6-month-old infants, fully breastfeeding rates did not further increase in 3-month-old infants since 2002, and even showed a tendency to decrease in 6-month-old infants...
June 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656968/nutrient-intake-and-contribution-of-home-enteral-nutrition-to-meeting-nutritional-requirements-after-oesophagectomy-and-total-gastrectomy
#17
M L Baker, V Halliday, P Robinson, K Smith, D J Bowrey
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated nutrition after oesophago-gastric resection and the influence of home jejunostomy feeding in the six months after surgery. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data on nutritional intake and physiologic measures were collected as part of a randomised trial with measurements taken before and up to six months after surgery. RESULTS: A total of 41 participants (32 oesophagectomy, 9 total gastrectomy) received home jejunostomy feeding (n=18) or usual care without feeding (n=23)...
June 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656967/low-appendicular-muscle-mass-is-associated-with-mortality-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-single-center-cohort-study
#18
S H Kang, K H Cho, J W Park, J Y Do
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There are few studies of the association between low appendicular muscle mass (LAM) and clinical outcomes in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. We aimed to determine the clinical association between LAM and clinical outcomes in PD patients. SUBJECT/METHODS: We reviewed all PD patients who underwent PD between January 2001 and April 2014. Each patient's appendicular lean mass was estimated using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The appendicular muscle mass index (AMI) was calculated using total appendicular lean mass (kg) over body mass index (kg/m(2))...
June 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651559/establishing-energy-requirements-for-body-weight-maintenance-validation-of-an-intake-balance-method
#19
Steven B Heymsfield, Courtney M Peterson, Diana M Thomas, Michael Hirezi, Bo Zhang, Steven Smith, George Bray, Leanne Redman
BACKGROUND: Experimentally establishing a group's body weight maintenance energy requirement is an important component of metabolism research. At present, the reference approach for measuring the metabolizable energy intake (MEI) from foods required for body weight maintenance in non-confined subjects is the doubly-labeled water (DLW)-total energy expenditure (TEE) method. In the current study, we evaluated an energy-intake weight balance method as an alternative to DLW that is more flexible and practical to apply in some settings...
June 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647743/predictive-accuracy-of-calf-circumference-measurements-to-detect-decreased-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-european-society-for-clinical-nutrition-and-metabolism-defined-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-older-patients
#20
Keisuke Maeda, Takayuki Koga, Tomomi Nasu, Miki Takaki, Junji Akagi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The ability to readily diagnose sarcopenia and malnutrition in a clinical setting is essential. This study is aimed at clarifying the calf circumference (CC) cut-off values for decreased skeletal muscle mass (SMM), according to the Asian Work Group for Sarcopenia's criteria definition of sarcopenia, and those for European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism-defined malnutrition, in hospitalized Japanese patients. METHODS: The study involved 1,164 patients aged ≥65 years...
June 24, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
keyword
keyword
34253
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"