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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225733/supporting-the-call-to-action-a-review-of-nutrition-educational-interventions-in-the-health-professions-literature-and-mededportal
#1
Timothy M Dang, Lauren A Maggio
PURPOSE: Despite calls to improve nutrition education, training for medical students is inadequate. This systematic review provides an overview of published educational interventions for undergraduate-level health professionals and makes recommendations for improving nutrition training. METHOD: The authors conducted a systematic review of articles (through July 16, 2015) and examined resources in MedEdPORTAL (through September 28, 2015) focused on materials published since January 2004 that describe nutrition educational interventions for undergraduate-level health professionals...
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225055/alcoholic-beverage-preference-and-diabetes-incidence-across-europe-the-consortium-on-health-and-ageing-network-of-cohorts-in-europe-and-the-united-states-chances-project
#2
D Sluik, N Jankovic, M Hughes, M G O'Doherty, B Schöttker, W Drygas, O Rolandsson, S Männistö, J M Ordóñez-Mena, J Ferrieres, C Bamia, G de Gaetano, J C Kiefte-De Jong, O H Franco, I Sluijs, A M W Spijkerman, S Sans, S Eriksson, D Kromhout, A Trichopoulou, T Wilsgaard, H Brenner, K Kuulasmaa, T Laatikainen, S Söderberg, L Iacoviello, P Boffetta, F Kee, E J M Feskens
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: It is unknown if wine, beer and spirit intake lead to a similar association with diabetes. We studied the association between alcoholic beverage preference and type 2 diabetes incidence in persons who reported to consume alcohol. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Ten European cohort studies from the Consortium on Health and Ageing: Network of Cohorts in Europe and the United States were included, comprising participant data of 62 458 adults who reported alcohol consumption at baseline...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225054/nutritional-adequacy-of-diets-for-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity-considerations-for-dietetic-practice
#3
N B Lister, M L Gow, K Chisholm, A Grunseit, S P Garnett, L A Baur
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Adolescents have unique nutrient requirements due to rapid growth and development. High rates of obesity in adolescents require a variety of diet interventions to achieve weight loss under clinical supervision. The aim of this study is to examine the nutritional adequacy of energy-restricted diets for adolescents. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Three popular diets were modelled for 7 days and assessed by comparing the nutrient profile to the Australian Nutrient Reference Values...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225053/genetically-predicted-milk-consumption-and-bone-health-ischemic-heart-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#4
Q Yang, S L Lin, S L Au Yeung, M K Kwok, L Xu, G M Leung, C M Schooling
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Milk provides protein and micronutrients, and is recommended by some dietary guidelines, particularly for bone health. Meta-analysis of small randomized controlled trials suggests that milk may increase bone mineral density, but they are very heterogeneous. No randomized controlled trial has assessed the effects of milk on major chronic diseases. Previous Mendelian randomization studies of milk did not consider bone health, found no effects on ischemic heart disease (IHD) or type 2 diabetes (T2D) but higher body mass index...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225052/building-better-bones-in-childhood-a-randomized-controlled-study-to-test-the-efficacy-of-a-dietary-intervention-program-to-increase-calcium-intake
#5
D R Weber, L J Stark, R F Ittenbach, V A Stallings, B S Zemel
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Many children do not consume the recommended daily allowance of calcium. Inadequate calcium intake in childhood may limit bone accrual. The objective of this study was to determine if a behavioral modification and nutritional education (BM-NE) intervention improved dietary calcium intake and bone accrual in children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 139 (86 female) healthy children, 7-10 years of age, were enrolled in this randomized controlled trial conducted over 36 months...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225051/low-muscle-mass-at-initiation-of-anti-tnf-therapy-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-is-associated-with-early-treatment-failure-a-retrospective-analysis
#6
D Q Holt, P Varma, B J G Strauss, A S Rajadurai, G T Moore
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Delayed treatment failure occurs in a significant proportion of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients treated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) antagonists. Identification of predictors of loss of response (LOR) may help to optimize therapy. We sought to determine whether body composition parameters at the commencement of anti-TNF therapy were associated with earlier treatment failure. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on 68 patients who had undergone cross-sectional abdominal imaging coincident with the commencement of anti-TNF drugs...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225050/impact-of-baseline-vitamin-b12-status-on-the-effect-of-vitamin-b12-supplementation-on-neurologic-function-in-older-people-secondary-analysis-of-data-from-the-open-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
L M Miles, E Allen, R Clarke, K Mills, R Uauy, A D Dangour
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The available evidence from randomised controlled trials suggests that vitamin B12 supplementation does not improve neurologic function in older people with marginal but not deficient Vitamin B12 status. This secondary analysis used data from the Older People and Enhanced Neurological function (OPEN) randomised controlled trial to assess whether baseline vitamin B12 status or change in vitamin B12 status over 12 months altered the effectiveness of dietary vitamin B12 supplementation on neurologic function in asymptomatic older people with depleted vitamin B12 status at study entry...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225049/prevalence-and-predictors-of-weight-change-post-discharge-from-hospital-a-study-of-the-canadian-malnutrition-task-force
#8
H Keller, M Laporte, H Payette, J Allard, P Bernier, D Duerksen, L Gramlich, K Jeejeebhoy
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Little is known about factors associated with weight change post discharge from hospital; yet poor nutritional status in the transition from hospital to community can result in readmission. This exploratory study aimed to determine the factors associated with weight change 30 days post discharge defined as weight gain (WG; 5+ pounds), weight loss (WL; 5+pounds) or weight stable (WS). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 922 medical or surgical patients were recruited from 16 acute care hospitals in 8 Canadian provinces...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225048/thiamine-deficiency-oxidative-metabolic-pathways-and-ethanol-induced-neurotoxicity-how-poor-nutrition-contributes-to-the-alcoholic-syndrome-as-marchiafava-bignami-disease
#9
REVIEW
L M P Fernandes, F R Bezerra, M C Monteiro, M L Silva, F R de Oliveira, R R Lima, E A Fontes-Júnior, C S F Maia
Ethanol is an important risk factor for the occurrence of several brain disorders that depend on the amount, period and frequency of its consumption. Chronic use of ethanol often leads to the development of neurodegenerative syndromes, which cause morphological and functional impairments such as foetal alcohol syndrome in newborns exposed to ethanol during pregnancy, Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome and, more rarely, Marchiafava-Bignami disease (MBD). MBD is characterized by primary degeneration of the corpus callosum, without inflammation and is associated with oxidative stress and hypovitaminosis, as well as altered mental status, to mention dementia, seizures, depression and so on...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176776/dietary-intake-of-whole-grains-and-plasma-alkylresorcinol-concentrations-in-relation-to-changes-in-anthropometry-the-danish-diet-cancer-and-health-cohort-study
#10
C Kyrø, M Kristensen, M U Jakobsen, J Halkjær, R Landberg, Hb As Bueno-de-Mesquita, J Christensen, I Romieu, A Tjønneland, A Olsen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Whole grain intake has been associated with a small but significant lower body weight gain in observational studies, but there is limited knowledge about the associations with specific whole grain types. The objective was to investigate the association between whole grains, different sources of whole grains and biomarkers of whole grain intake (alkylresorcinols) in relation to subsequent changes in waist circumference (WC) and body weight. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Cohort study of 57 053 participants with baseline information on whole grain intake from questionnaires (FFQ) and biomarkers of whole grain rye and wheat intake, plasma alkylresorcinols, for a subset...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176775/investigating-the-relationship-between-sleep-and-macronutrient-intake-in-women-of-childbearing-age
#11
C J Bennett, H Truby, Z Zia, S W Cain, M L Blumfield
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Reduced sleep is a strong and independent risk factor for weight gain and obesity. Maternal obesity preconception and throughout gestation can increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and impact on offspring health in later life. This study investigated the relationship between sleeping behaviour and macronutrient intake in childbearing aged women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health 1973-78 cohort, aged 31-36 years in 2009 (n=8200)...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176773/parental-heights-and-maternal-education-as-predictors-of-length-height-of-children-at-birth-age-3-and-19-years-independently-on-diet-the-elspac-study
#12
J Bienertová-Vašků, F Zlámal, T Pruša, J Novák, O Mikeš, P Čupr, A Pohořalá, Jan Švancara, L Andrýsková, H Pikhart
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Little is currently known about the relationship between the parental diet during pregnancy and the growth of the child from early childhood until early adulthood. This study was designed to examine whether the dietary patterns of the parents during a pregnancy and of the respective child at 3 years are associated with the length/height-for-age z-score of child at birth, 3 years of age and at 19 years of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Dietary patterns of pregnant women and their partners, and offspring at 3 years that were enroled in the 1990-1991 period in the Czech part of the European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176772/tea-consumption-and-its-interactions-with-tobacco-smoking-and-alcohol-drinking-on-oral-cancer-in-southeast-china
#13
F Chen, B-C He, L-J Yan, F-P Liu, J-F Huang, Z-J Hu, Z Lin, X-Y Zheng, L-S Lin, Z-F Zhang, L Cai
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological results on the association between tea consumption and oral cancer remain controversial. We aimed to evaluate the exact relationship between tea consumption and oral cancer in Chinese population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A large-scale case-control study was conducted on 586 oral cancer patients and 1024 controls frequency-matched by age and gender. Epidemiological data were collected through face-to-face interviews with a structure questionnaire...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176771/echography-for-nasogastric-tube-placement-verification
#14
G Piton, R Parel, E Delabrousse, G Capellier
To report the interest of abdominal ultrasonography for confirming the appropriate location of nasogastric tube (NGT) in the stomach using a new dynamic test, and to illustrate the aspect of this test at ultrasonography. Clinical observation of a patient, images of abdominal ultrasonography and video of the stomach visualized by ultrasonography. We describe the video of a critically ill patient in whom, immediately after NGT insertion, aspiration of gastric liquid and instillation within the NGT was associated with ultrasonographic evidence of turbulences in the stomach...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162135/the-mediational-effect-of-weight-self-stigma-in-the-relationship-between-blatant-and-subtle-discrimination-and-depression-and-anxiety
#15
Alejandro Magallares, Patricia Bolaños-Rios, Inmaculada Ruiz-Prieto, Pilar Benito de Valle, Jose Antonio Irles, Ignacio Jáuregui-Lobera
Obesity may be considered a social stigma. In addition, people with obesity are frequently aware of stigma directed at others who have a similar weight and come to think stigmatized thoughts about themselves. Our study focused specifically on how blatant and subtle discrimination and weight self-stigma are related to depression and anxiety in people with obesity. The sample comprised 170 participants from the Clinical Nutrition Unit of the "Hospital de Valme" (Seville, Spain). The Weight Self-Stigma Questionnaire, the Multidimensional Perceived Discrimination Scale, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used...
February 6, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152219/effect-of-prophylactic-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tube-on-swallowing-in-advanced-head-and-neck-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Lars Axelsson, Ewa Silander, Jan Nyman, Mogens Bove, Leif Johansson, Eva Hammerlid
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is common in head and neck cancer. A percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube is used to facilitate nutrition; however, some retrospective studies have indicated that the PEG tube causes dysphagia. METHODS: A randomized study of patients with head and neck cancer was conducted with up to 10 years of follow-up. Patients were randomized to either the prophylactic PEG tube group (study group) or the common clinical nutritional support group (control group)...
February 2, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145422/proximate-causes-for-diet-induced-obesity-in-laboratory-mice-a-case-study
#17
REVIEW
C Kless, N Rink, J Rozman, M Klingenspor
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Detailed protocols and recommendations for the assessment of energy balance have been provided to address the problems associated with different body mass and body composition as apparent for mouse models in obesity research. Here, we applied these guidelines to investigate energy balance in two inbred mouse strains with contrasting susceptibilities for diet-induced obesity (DIO). Mice of the AKR/J strain are highly susceptible, whereas the SWR/J mice are almost completely resistant...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145421/association-between-diet-quality-measured-by-the-healthy-food-intake-index-and-later-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-radiel-trial
#18
J Meinila, A Valkama, S B Koivusalo, K Rönö, H Kautiainen, J Lindström, B Stach-Lempinen, J G Eriksson, M Erkkola
The aim of this study was to find the association between adherence to the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR) and glucose metabolism. Participants were 137 pregnant obese women or women with a history of gestational diabetes (GDM) from the Finnish Gestational Diabetes Prevention Study. Adherence to the NNR was assessed by the Healthy Food Intake Index (HFII) calculated from the first trimesters' food frequency questionnaires. Higher HFII scores reflected higher adherence to the NNR (score range 0-17). Regression models with linear contrasts served for the main analysis...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145420/vitamin-b12-homocysteine-and-depressive-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study-among-older-adults
#19
L E M Elstgeest, I A Brouwer, B Wj H Penninx, N M van Schoor, M Visser
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The roles of vitamin B12 and homocysteine concentration in depression are not clear. We investigated cross-sectional and prospective associations of serum vitamin B12 and plasma homocysteine with depressive symptoms in Dutch older adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA), blood was collected in 1995/1996 among 1352 men and women aged ⩾65 years. Depressive symptoms were assessed with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) six times from 1995/1996 to 2011/2012...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145419/usefulness-of-motion-sensors-to-estimate-energy-expenditure-in-children-and-adults-a-narrative-review-of-studies-using-dlw
#20
REVIEW
L B Sardinha, P B Júdice
It is well documented that meeting moderate-to-vigorous physical activity guidelines of 150 min per week is protective against chronic disease, and this is likely explained by higher energy expenditure (EE). In opposition, sedentary behavior (low EE) seems to impair health outcomes. There are gold standard methods to measure EE such as the doubly labeled water (DLW) or calorimetry. These methods are highly expensive and rely on complex techniques. Motion sensors present a good alternative to estimate EE and have been validated against these reference methods...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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