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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136728/-guidelines-on-nutritional-support-in-patients-with-tumor
#1
(no author information available yet)
Nutritional support for patients with tumor has been considered an important part of multidisciplinary treatment of tumor. It could improve the prognosis and quality of life for tumor patients when performed in a reasonable and effective way. Chinese Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (CSPEN) convened experts to develop these guidelines after many discussions and revisions according to standard procedures of guideline's development which were used worldwide. In order to develop these guidelines, we systematically reviewed the related global literature published in recent years, referred to other guidelines of national and international nutrition society, considered on expert opinion and their clinical experience in our country, and widely consulted the members of CSPEN and other related professionals...
November 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132740/effects-of-using-symbiotics-in-the-clinical-nutritional-evolution-of-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis-study-prospective-randomized-controlled-double-blind
#2
Patricia Quadros Dos Santos, Jorge C Guedes, Rosangela P de Jesus, Raquel Rocha Dos Santos, Rosemeiri L Fiaconne
Patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) present malabsorption and changes in nutritional status. In this prospective, randomized, controlled, double-blinded, intervention study, developed at the Clinic of Pancreas, we aimed to assess whether the use of symbiotics changes the nutritional status, the biochemical data and the intestinal rate of these patients. The intervention consisted of administering 12 g/day of symbiotics composed of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidobacterium bifidum and fructooligosaccharides to the intervention group and 12 g/day of medium absorption complex carbohydrate to the control group...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132737/discordance-between-bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-and-the-new-espen-definition-of-malnutrition-for-the-diagnosis-of-hospital-malnutrition
#3
Edgar Dehesa-López, Jesús Israel Martínez-Felix, Arturo Ruiz-Ramos, Ximena Atilano-Carsi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: No universally accepted diagnostic criteria for malnutrition are available to date. The aim was to assess the concordance for the diagnosis of hospital malnutrition between the bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) and the new definition of malnutrition proposed by the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN). METHODS: A total of 140 adult hospitalized patients were included. The malnutrition risk was assessed by the Nutritional Risk Screening...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130696/-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-and-clinical-nutrition
#4
Daniel Antonio De Luis Román, David Primo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114195/comparison-and-prevalence-of-smoking-among-saudi-females-from-different-departments-of-the-college-of-applied-medical-sciences-in-dammam
#5
Khalid Ansari, Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Objectives: The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of smoking and factors associated with smoking habits among female students in all departments of College of Applied Medical Science (CAMS) at the University of Dammam. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at CAMSs, University of Dammam. Only female students were included from all the departments of CAMS. The modified structured Global Youth Tobacco Survey was used to collect detailed information about smoking habits and factors associated with smoking...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095026/organization-and-management-of-clinical-nutrition-in-spain-how-do-we-assess-the-quality-of-our-activities
#6
Tomás Martín Folgueras, María Dolores Ballesteros Pomar, Rosa Burgos Peláez, María Victoria Calvo Hernández, Luis Miguel Luengo Pérez, José Antonio Irles Rocamora, Gabriel Olveira, Alfonso Vidal Casariego, Julia Alvarez Hernández
INTRODUCTION: Among the objectives of the SENPE Management Working Group is the development of knowledge and tools related to the evaluation of health outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To obtain an approximate profile of clinical nutrition in hospitals in Spain, specifically concerning its organization, endowment, activities and quality indicators. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted in 2013 through a structured survey sent to a random sample of 20% of hospitals from the network of the National Health System of Spain, stratified by the number of hospital beds...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094997/-lipid-emulsion-selection-in-parenteral-nutrition-biochemical-and-hematological-paramaters
#7
Josep Llop Talaveron, Elisabet Leiva Badosa, Ana Novak, Núria Sanmarti Martinez, Ramon Jódar Masanes, Josep Maria Suñé Negre, Josep Ramon Ticó Grau, Maria Badia Tahull
INTRODUCTION: Lipid emulsions (LE) are a component of parenteral nutrition (PN) and its fatty acid (FA) profile determines various physiological responses. OBJECTIVES: To assess the adequacy of a clinical not restricted protocol in the choice of LE by studying complementary biochemical and hematological parameters (BHP) at the beginning of the PN. METHODS: A 4-year retrospective observational study of LE administered to patients with PN. Demographic, clinical, nutritional and analytical variables at the beginning of the PN were collected...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091078/association-of-whole-grain-intake-with-all-cause-cardiovascular-and-cancer-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-from-prospective-cohort-studies
#8
REVIEW
B Zhang, Q Zhao, W Guo, W Bao, X Wang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Whole grains are rich source of nutrients and have shown beneficial effects on human health. This study was designed to systematically review the existing results and quantitatively assess the dose-response relationship of whole grain intake with all-cause and cause-specific mortality. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We searched 'whole grain' or 'whole grains' in combination with 'mortality'' or 'cardiovascular disease' or 'cancer' through the Web of Science and PubMed databases till 20 January 2016...
November 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064801/early-enteral-nutrition-as-a-part-of-intencive-care-of-abdominal-surgical-pathology
#9
Dmytro Shkurupii
INTRODUCTION: Patients with abdominal surgical pathology always have gastrointestinal failure. Under such conditions, the enteral administration of nutrients may be started by trophic nutrition; however, starting nutritional mixtures for it have not been clearly defined. The aim of this study was optimization of energetic and plastic supply of patients with abdominal surgical pathology by studying the efficacy of the clinical nutrition means. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational analytical observational prospective case-control study of clinical nutrition efficacy has been conducted in 112 patients aged 18 to 45, who underwent intencive care after urgent abdominal surgical interventions...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053142/resolution-of-inflammation-and-sepsis-survival-are-improved-by-dietary-%C3%AE-3-fatty-acids
#10
Andreas Körner, Martin Schlegel, Julia Theurer, Hannes Frohnmeyer, Michael Adolph, Marieke Heijink, Martin Giera, Peter Rosenberger, Valbona Mirakaj
Critical conditions such as sepsis following infection or traumatic injury disturb the complex state of homeostasis that may lead to uncontrolled inflammation resulting in organ failure, shock and death. They are associated with endogenous mediators that control the onset of acute inflammatory response, but the central problem remains the complete resolution of inflammation. Omega-3 enriched lipid emulsions (Ω-3(+) LEs) were used in experimental studies and clinical trials to establish homeostasis, yet with little understanding about their role on the resolution of inflammation and tissue regeneration...
October 20, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019343/the-association-between-dietary-inflammatory-properties-and-bone-mineral-density-and-risk-of-fracture-in-us-adults
#11
M Mazidi, N Shivappa, M D Wirth, J R Hebert, H Vatanparast, A P Kengne
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations of dietary inflammatory index (DII) with bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk in adult Americans.Subjects/Method:The United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey participants during 2005-2010 were included if they had measured data on dietary intake and BMD. DII scores were calculated from estimated micro- and macronutrients from a single 24-h dietary recall. BMD was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry densitometers...
November 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967264/-abstracts-of-lectures-to-be-presented-at-the-2017-annual-congress-of-the-hungarian-society-of-clinical-nutrition-m%C3%A3-trah%C3%A3-za-october-12-14-2017
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963803/resting-metabolic-rate-of-indian-junior-soccer-players-testing-agreement-between-measured-versus-selected-predictive-equations
#13
Keren Susan Cherian, Faaiza Shahkar, Ashok Sainoji, Nagalla Balakrishna, Venkata Ramana Yagnambhatt
OBJECTIVES: Owing to a dearth of research related to Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) among adolescent athletes in India, our study aimed to document RMR among junior soccer players (JSP) and to identify suitable RMR predictive models for JSP from nine existing equations. METHODS: Forty Indian JSP (Boys = 21, Girls = 19) representing the under-12 and under-16 age categories were assessed for body composition (skinfold technique) and RMR (oxycon mobile). Two-way ANOVA and ANCOVA were used to examine the differences across age and sex...
September 30, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952611/associations-between-fruits-vegetables-vitamin-a-%C3%AE-carotene-and-flavonol-dietary-intake-and-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-elderly-women-in-korea-the-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#14
E-K Kim, H Kim, O Kwon, N Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the principal causes of blindness. This study investigated the association between diet and the prevalence of AMD in elderly Korean women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Study subjects were women aged ⩾65 years (n=1008) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010-2012). The presence of early- and late-onset AMD was determined on the basis of a fundus photograph from a health examination survey...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952609/mediterranean-type-diet-is-associated-with-higher-psychological-resilience-in-a-general-adult-population-findings-from-the-moli-sani-study
#15
M Bonaccio, A Di Castelnuovo, S Costanzo, G Pounis, M Persichillo, C Cerletti, M B Donati, G de Gaetano, L Iacoviello
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Psychological resilience is a measure of stress coping ability and has been associated with favourable health outcomes. While evidence on the relationship of dietary habits with a number of psychosocial conditions is available, there is lack of studies on their association with psychological resilience in a general adult population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis on 10 812 subjects recruited within the cohort of the Moli-sani study (2005-2010)...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952608/egg-consumption-cardiovascular-diseases-and-type-2-diabetes
#16
REVIEW
N R W Geiker, M Lytken Larsen, J Dyerberg, S Stender, A Astrup
Eggs are rich in nutrients and a source of essential fatty- and amino acids, and the food item with highest cholesterol content. Since the 1970s dietary recommendations have advised limiting egg intake to 2-4 a week for the healthy population, and in those diagnosed with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) an even more restricted consumption. The aim of the present paper was to assess the recommendation to lower the dietary intake of cholesterol and especially the intake of egg to reduce the risk of CVD and T2D...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952607/vitamin-k-induced-effects-on-body-fat-and-weight-results-from-a-3-year-vitamin-k2-intervention-study
#17
M H J Knapen, K M Jardon, C Vermeer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin K status has been linked to fat and glucose metabolism by several authors, but whether high vitamin K intake influences body weight or composition has remained unclear. Here we tested the hypothesis that increased vitamin K intake decreases body fat or fat distribution. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In a randomized placebo-controlled human intervention trial, 214 postmenopausal women, 55-65 years of age, received either 180 mcg/day of vitamin K2 (menaquinone-7, MK-7) or placebo for 3 years...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952606/relation-between-body-composition-at-birth-and-child-development-at-2-years-of-age-a-prospective-cohort-study-among-ethiopian-children
#18
M Abera, M Tesfaye, T Girma, C Hanlon, G S Andersen, J C Wells, B Admassu, R Wibaek, H Friis, P Kæstel
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Birth weight (BW), independent of socioeconomic status, has been identified as a predictor for childhood cognitive development. However, it is not known whether this relation is related to low BW per se or particularly related to a deficit in fat mass (FM) or fat-free mass (FFM) at birth. This study therefore aimed at investigating the relation between body composition at birth and child development at 2 years of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: An Ethiopian birth cohort was followed up at 2 years...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952605/should-europe-follow-the-us-and-declare-obesity-a-disease-a-discussion-of-the-so-called-utilitarian-argument
#19
REVIEW
S Vallgårda, M E J Nielsen, A K K Hansen, K Ó Cathaoir, M Hartlev, L Holm, B J Christensen, J D Jensen, T I A Sørensen, P Sandøe
In 2013, the American Medical Association (AMA) decided to recognize obesity as a disease. One of the main arguments presented in favor of this was broadly 'utilitarian': the disease label would, it was claimed, provide more benefits than harms and thereby serve the general good. Several individuals and groups have argued that this reasoning is just as powerful in the European context. Drawing mainly on a review of relevant social science research, we discuss the validity of this argument. Our conclusion is that in a Western European welfare state, defining obesity as a disease will not on balance serve the general good, and that it is therefore more appropriate to continue to treat obesity as a risk factor...
November 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944324/surgeons-approach-toward-clinical-nutrition-a-survey-based-study
#20
Bahadır Osman Bozkırlı, Rıza Haldun Gündoğdu, Soner Akbaba, Turgay Sayın, Pamir Eren Ersoy
OBJECTIVE: Although many surgical patients face postoperative problems due to a poor nutritional status, there is evidence that many cases of malnutrition still go unnoticed and untreated in surgical wards. This study aims to define the current attitudes of surgeons toward nutritional screening and support. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire with 13 questions was e-mailed to 1500 surgeons. Cross-queries were made over the responses. RESULTS: The response rate was 20...
2017: Turk J Surg
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