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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098139/appetite-responses-to-high-fat-meals-or-diets-of-varying-fatty-acid-composition-a-comprehensive-review
#1
REVIEW
S Kaviani, J A Cooper
Dietary fatty acids (FA) act as signaling molecules with diverse effects on physiologic function. The aim of this article is to review and summarize the clinical human studies in the literature on how dietary FA composition in meals and diets affects hunger and satiety signaling in the body. Studies examining FA saturation (monounsaturated (MUFA), saturated or polyunsaturated (PUFA) FAs) or FA chain length from high-fat meals/diets were included. Measures of appetite included visual analog scale (VAS) questionnaires, appetite hormones (Cholecystokinin (CCK), glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (PYY), gastric insulinotropic polypeptide gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP), ghrelin, leptin, insulin) and/or energy intake (EI) data...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081385/catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-adults-receiving-home-parenteral-nutrition
#2
Siri Tribler, Christopher F Brandt, Mark Hvistendahl, Michael Staun, Per Brøbech, Claus E Moser, Palle B Jeppesen
BACKGROUND: A common complication in patients receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs). The CRBSI incidence has been advocated as an outcome parameter assessing the quality of care. This study aimed to illustrate how the use of different CRBSI definitions affects the reported incidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an observational study based on the Copenhagen intestinal failure database, all clinically reported CRBSIs from 2002-2013 were compared with data from the affiliated microbiological database according to recommended CRBSI criteria...
January 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077380/metabolomic-profiles-as-reliable-biomarkers-of-dietary-composition
#3
Tõnu Esko, Joel N Hirschhorn, Henry A Feldman, Yu-Han H Hsu, Amy A Deik, Clary B Clish, Cara B Ebbeling, David S Ludwig
BACKGROUND: Clinical nutrition research often lacks robust markers of compliance, complicating the interpretation of clinical trials and observational studies of free-living subjects. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine metabolomics profiles in response to 3 diets that differed widely in macronutrient composition during a controlled feeding protocol. DESIGN: Twenty-one adults with a high body mass index (in kg/m(2); mean ± SD: 34.4 ± 4.9) were given hypocaloric diets to promote weight loss corresponding to 10-15% of initial body weight...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074892/are-sleep-duration-midpoint-of-sleep-and-sleep-quality-associated-with-dietary-intake-among-bavarian-adults
#4
C Kleiser, N Wawro, M Stelmach-Mardas, H Boeing, K Gedrich, H Himmerich, J Linseisen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Only few epidemiologic studies examined sleep characteristics in relation to dietary behaviour. Our aim was to analyse associations of sleep duration, midpoint of sleep and sleep quality with dietary intake among the Bavarian population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Within the cross-sectional Bavarian Food Consumption Survey II, 1050 subjects aged 13-81 years were recruited. Dietary intake was assessed with three 24-h dietary recalls by telephone (EPIC-Soft)...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074891/intake-of-vitamin-c-vitamin-e-selenium-zinc-and-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
S E Raposo, E Fondell, P Ström, O Bälter, S E Bonn, O Nyrén, A Plymoth, K Bälter
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Antioxidants and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have a role in the human immune defense and may affect the susceptibility to upper respiratory tract infection (URTI). To examine dietary intake of vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, zinc and PUFAs in relation to URTI incidence in a prospective cohort study. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 1533 Swedish women and men aged 25-64 years were followed for nine months during 2011-2012. Information on dietary intake was assessed through a web-based food frequency questionnaire, and events of URTI were self-reported prospectively as they occurred...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074890/longitudinal-association-of-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-with-body-weight-among-chinese-adults-from-china-health-and-nutrition-survey-2004-2011
#6
C Su, X F Jia, Z H Wang, H J Wang, Y F Ouyang, B Zhang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Present study aims to longitudinally explore independent association of physical activity and sedentary behaviors with body weight. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study included 15050 adults who have complete demographic and dietary data, leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and sedentary behavior evaluations, anthropometric measurements from longitudinal data of China Health and Nutrition Survey 2004-2011. Three-level mixed-effects linear and logistic regression models were performed for association analysis...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074889/limitations-and-requirements-for-measuring-metabolic-rates-a-mini-review
#7
REVIEW
J R B Lighton
Metabolic measurement of humans and model animals is an important aspect of biomedicine. Particularly, in the case of model animals, the limitations of currently widely used metabolic measurement methods are not widely understood. In this mini-review, I explain the theoretical underpinnings of flow-through respirometry as a linear time-invariant system, and the (usually serious) distortions of metabolic data caused by the interaction of chamber volume and flow rate. These can be ameliorated by increasing the flow rate through the chamber, though this is at the expense of the magnitude of the O2 depletion and CO2 enhancement signals from which metabolic rates are calculated...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074888/a-review-of-the-carbohydrate-insulin-model-of-obesity
#8
REVIEW
K D Hall
The carbohydrate-insulin model of obesity theorizes that diets high in carbohydrate are particularly fattening due to their propensity to elevate insulin secretion. Insulin directs the partitioning of energy toward storage as fat in adipose tissue and away from oxidation by metabolically active tissues and purportedly results in a perceived state of cellular internal starvation. In response, hunger and appetite increases and metabolism is suppressed, thereby promoting the positive energy balance associated with the development of obesity...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074217/-nutrition-in-dementia
#9
D Volkert
BACKGROUND: In the course of dementia sooner or later nutritional problems appear, and the question arises which interventions are effective in ensuring adequate nutrition and thus may contribute to the maintenance of health, functionality and independence. OBJECTIVE: This overview presents the state of knowledge regarding nutrition in dementia. METHODS: This work is based on the present guidelines of the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) on nutrition in dementia, which systematically investigated relevant available evidence...
January 10, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057105/-precision-nutrition-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine
#10
P Z Chen, H Wang
Precision medicine has been increasingly incorporated into clinical practice and is enabling a new era for disease prevention and treatment. As an important constituent of precision medicine, precision nutrition has also been drawing more attention during physical examinations. The main aim of precision nutrition is to provide safe and efficient intervention methods for disease treatment and management, through fully considering the genetics, lifestyle (dietary, exercise and lifestyle choices), metabolic status, gut microbiota and physiological status (nutrient level and disease status) of individuals...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056251/-the-progression-of-parenteral-and-enteral-nutrition-based-on-new-guidelines
#11
W Chen, J C Yu, Z J Li, G H Wu
As people are getting a better understanding of organism's metabolism and the concept of disease treatment is being continuously updated, parenteral and enteral nutrition become an inter discipline subject that serves for the clinic and involves a number of disciplines. Just in the past five years, related guidelines at home and abroad have been published as much as more than 40. In order to better serve the clinical decision making, this text attempts to give a carding and interpretation from the three aspects of nutrition screening and assessment, the implementing of nutritional intervention and the progress of special nutrition support...
January 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034565/to-create-a-consensus-on-malnutrition-diagnostic-criteria-a-report-from-the-global-leadership-initiative-on-malnutrition-glim-meeting-at-the-espen-congress-2016
#12
EDITORIAL
Tommy Cederholm, Gordon L Jensen
During the ESPEN Congress in Copenhagen, Denmark (September 2016) representatives of the 4 largest global PEN-societies from Europe (ESPEN), USA (ASPEN), Asia (PENSA) and Latin America (FELANPE), and from national PEN-societies around the world met to continue the conversation on how to diagnose malnutrition that started during the Clinical Nutrition Week, Austin, USA (February 2016). Current thinking on diagnostic approaches was shared; ESPEN suggested a grading approach that could encompass various types of signs, symptoms and etiologies to support diagnosis...
December 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027626/developments-in-clinical-food-and-nutrition-science-in-indonesia
#13
Widjaja Lukito, Lindawati Wibowo, Mark L Wahlqvist
Indonesia, as a major population in the Asia Pacific region, threatened with food and health insecurity through climate change and rapid economic development, faces the challenge to build capacity among its science-based food and health professionals and institutions. The nutrition research agenda is now being more actively set within the region, rather than by external imposition. A series of papers emanating from a new generation of public health and clinical nutrition scientists is reported in this issue of APJCN...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018114/low-phase-angle-is-associated-with-the-development-of-hepatic-encephalopathy-in-patients-with-cirrhosis
#14
Astrid Ruiz-Margáin, Ricardo Ulises Macías-Rodríguez, Javier Ampuero, Francisco Javier Cubero, Luis Chi-Cervera, Silvia L Ríos-Torres, Andrés Duarte-Rojo, Ángeles Espinosa-Cuevas, Manuel Romero-Gómez, Aldo Torre
AIM: Evaluate the association between phase angle and the development of hepatic encephalopathy in the long-term follow-up of cirrhotic patients. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study. Clinical, nutritional and biochemical evaluations were performed. Mann-Whitney's U and χ(2) tests were used as appropriate. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional Hazards analysis were used to evaluate the prediction and incidence of hepatic encephalopathy. RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty were included; the most frequent etiology of cirrhosis was hepatitis C infection, 52% of the patients developed hepatic encephalopathy (18...
December 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005459/proceedings-of-the-2016-clinical-nutrition-week-research-workshop-the-optimal-dose-of-protein-provided-to-critically-ill-patients
#15
Daren K Heyland, Olav Rooyakers, Marina Mourtzakis, Renee D Stapleton
Recent literature has created considerable confusion about the optimal amount of protein/amino acids that should be provided to the critically ill patient. In fact, the evidentiary basis that directly tries to answer this question is relatively small. As a clinical nutrition research community, there is an urgent need to develop the optimal methods to assess the impact of exogenous protein/amino acid administration in the intensive care unit setting. That assessment can be conducted at various levels: (1) impact on stress response pathways, (2) impact on muscle synthesis and protein balance, (3) impact on muscle mass and function, and (4) impact on the patient's recovery...
December 1, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000693/consumption-of-a-high-fat-breakfast-on-consecutive-days-alters-preclinical-biomarkers-for-atherosclerosis
#16
B K McFarlin, K C Carpenter, A L Henning, A S Venable
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Recent research has speculated that the risk of developing atherosclerosis is due to the accumulation of the effects of daily diet choices. The purpose of this study was to examine which of our previously identified preclinical disease risk biomarkers were further elevated when consuming a high-fat (644±50 kcal; 100% recommended dietary allowance for fat), high-calorie (1118±100 kcal; 70% daily caloric needs) breakfast on consecutive days. Young, normal weight females (N=7) participated in this study...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000692/impact-of-maternal-antenatal-and-birth-associated-factors-on-iron-stores-at-birth-data-from-a-prospective-maternal-infant-birth-cohort
#17
E K McCarthy, L C Kenny, J O'B Hourihane, A D Irvine, D M Murray, M E Kiely
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Low serum ferritin concentrations at birth, which reflect neonatal iron stores, track through to early childhood and have been associated with poorer neurodevelopmental outcomes. We aimed to identify maternal, antenatal and birth-associated factors that influence iron stores at birth in a prospective maternal-infant birth cohort. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In a population-based, longitudinal, birth cohort in Ireland, 413 maternal-infant dyads with prospectively collected lifestyle and clinical data from 15 weeks' gestation had umbilical cord serum ferritin concentrations measured...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000691/consultation-with-registered-dietitian-to-prevent-accidental-reactions-to-food-insight-from-an-egg-allergy-influenza-vaccination-cohort
#18
P Bégin, C Filion, F Graham, J Lacombe-Barrios, J Paradis, L Paradis, A Des Roches
Egg is an ubiquitous allergen found in many food products. Current food allergy guidelines recognize the importance of consultation with a registered dietitian to ensure nutritional adequacy. However, there is a lack of evidence on its impact on the implementation of allergen avoidance strategies. Taking advantage of a well-characterized cohort of influenza vaccination in egg-allergic children (n=397), we tested the hypothesis that real-life professional dietary advice was associated with a decrease in accidental reactions to egg in allergic children with retrospective questionnaires...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000689/comparison-of-flax-linum-usitatissimum-and-salba-chia-salvia-hispanica-l-seeds-on-postprandial-glycemia-and-satiety-in-healthy-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-crossover-study
#19
V Vuksan, L Choleva, E Jovanovski, A L Jenkins, F Au-Yeung, A G Dias, H V T Ho, A Zurbau, L Duvnjak
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Flax and Salba-chia seeds have risen in popularity owing to their favorable nutrient composition, including a high fiber content. Despite having comparable nutritional profiles, preliminary observations suggest differences in gelling properties, an attribute that may alter the kinetics of food digestion. Thus, we compared the effect of two seeds on postprandial glycemia and satiety scores. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Fifteen healthy participants (M/F: 5/10; age: 23...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000453/prognostic-value-of-severity-by-various-visceral-proteins-in-critically-ill-patients-with-sirs-during-7-days-of-stay
#20
Hicham Bouharras-El Idrissi, Jorge Molina-López, Lourdes Herrera-Quintana, Álvaro Domínguez-García, Gabriela Lobo-Támer, Irene Pérez-Moreno, Antonio Pérez-de la Cruz, Elena Planells-Del Pozo
INTRODUCTION: Critically ill patients typically develop a catabolic stress state as a result of a systemic inflammatory response (SIRS) that alters clinical-nutritional biomarkers, increasing energy demands and nutritional requirements. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the status of albumin, prealbumin and transferrin in critically ill patients and the association between these clinical-nutritional parameters with the severity during a seven day stay in intensive care unit (ICU)...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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