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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321688/changes-in-nutritional-care-after-implementing-national-guidelines-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#1
Siv Hilde Fjeldstad, Lene Thoresen, Morten Mowé, Øivind Irtun
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In 2004, a survey conducted in Scandinavia documented insufficient knowledge in nutrition care among doctors and nurses. The survey also revealed a significant discrepancy in nutritional practice, where Norway ranked lowest, thus leading to several actions including elaboration of national guidelines. The aim of this study was to evaluate potential changes in nutritional practice, as well as assessing barriers to nutrition therapy, 10 years after the former study...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317383/research-and-practice-based-nutrition-education-and-cooking-workshops-in-pediatric-oncology-protocol-for-implementation-and-development-of-curriculum
#2
Cynthia Chaput, Sabrina Beaulieu-Gagnon, Véronique Bélanger, Simon Drouin, Laurence Bertout, Lucie Lafrance, Cinthia Olivier, Marthe Robitaille, Caroline Laverdière, Daniel Sinnett, Marie Marquis, Valérie Marcil
BACKGROUND: Progresses in childhood cancer treatment, diagnosis, and management have resulted in childhood cancer survival rates of over 80%. However, this therapeutic success comes with a heavy price: two-thirds of childhood cancer survivors will be affected by further complications, including cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Adequate nutrition during cancer treatment is essential to ensure the child's optimal development, improve tolerance to treatments, and can contribute to lower the risk of developing cardiometabolic diseases...
January 9, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316855/the-role-of-noninvasive-cardiovascular-testing-applied-clinical-nutrition-and-nutritional-supplements-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-coronary-heart-disease
#3
Mark Houston
Numerous clinical trials suggest that we have reached a limit in our ability to decrease the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) utilizing the traditional diagnostic evaluation, prevention and treatment strategies for the top five cardiovascular risk factors of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, obesity and smoking. About 80% of heart disease (heart attacks, angina, coronary heart disease and congestive heart failure) can be prevented by optimal nutrition, optimal exercise, optimal weight and body composition, mild alcohol intake and avoiding smoking...
January 1, 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286933/clinical-and-nutritional-outcomes-of-two-liquid-human-milk-fortifiers-for-premature-infants
#4
Shabnam Lainwala, Natalia Kosyakova, Ann Marie Spizzoucco, Victor Herson, Elizabeth A Brownell
BACKGROUND: In preterm infants fortification of human milk with human milk fortifiers (HMF) to optimize nutrition and growth is standard practice. We compared clinical, nutrition and growth outcomes in infants receiving two types of liquid HMF (LHMF). METHODS: Clinical, nutrition and growth outcomes were compared between infants admitted to a level IV NICU, and born with birth weight less than or equal to 1800 grams, between 10/1/2014-12/31/2014 and received human milk with acidified LHMF (ALHMF) and between 1/1/2015-4/31/2015 and received human milk with heat treated LHMF (HTLHMF)...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280668/-the-dynamic-gastrointestinal-simulator-simgi%C3%A2-a-useful-tool-for-clinical-nutrition
#5
Alba Tamargo García, Irene Gil Sánchez, Beatriz Miralles, Diana Martín, Mónica Rodríguez García-Risco, Tiziana Fornari, Begoña Bartolomé, Mª Victoria Moreno-Arribas, Carolina Cueva
The human gastrointestinal tract harbours the most complex and abundant community of the human body, the colon being where the highest microbial concentration is found (1012 cell/g). The intestinal microbiota exerts metabolic, trophic and protective functions which are important in the maintenance of the host health. Over recent decades, numerous studies have attempted to provide scientific evidence about the environmental factors that can impact on human health through the modulation of the intestinal microbiota composition...
November 17, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274834/espen-guideline-clinical-nutrition-in-neurology
#6
Rosa Burgos, Irene Bretón, Emanuele Cereda, Jean Claude Desport, Rainer Dziewas, Laurence Genton, Filomena Gomes, Pierre Jésus, Andreas Leischker, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Kalliopi-Anna Poulia, Jean Charles Preiser, Marjolein Van der Marck, Rainer Wirth, Pierre Singer, Stephan C Bischoff
Neurological diseases are frequently associated with swallowing disorders and malnutrition. Moreover, patients with neurological diseases are at increased risk of micronutrient deficiency and dehydration. On the other hand, nutritional factors may be involved in the pathogenesis of neurological diseases. Multiple causes for the development of malnutrition in patients with neurological diseases are known including oropharyngeal dysphagia, impaired consciousness, perception deficits, cognitive dysfunction, and increased needs...
September 22, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243783/research-on-the-nutrition-and-cognition-of-high-risk-stroke-groups-in-community-and-the-relevant-factors
#7
N-N Zhao, K-X Zeng, Y-L Wang, P-J Sheng, C-Z Tang, P Xiao, X-W Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence rate of nutritional risk in high-risk stroke groups in community, analyze its influencing factors, and analyze and compare the relationship between nutritional risk or malnutrition assessed by different nutritional evaluation methods and cognitive function, so as to provide the basis and guidance for clinical nutritional assessment and support. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed for 1196 cases in high-risk stroke groups in community from December 2015 to January 2017...
December 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233514/terms-concepts-and-definitions-in-clinical-artificial-nutrition-the-cont-seen-project
#8
María Dolores Del Olmo García, Julia Ocón Bretón, Julia Álvarez Hernández, María Dolores Ballesteros Pomar, Francisco Botella Romero, Irene Bretón Lesmes, Daniel de Luis Román, Luis Miguel Luengo Pérez, Miguel Ángel Martínez Olmos, Gabriel Olveira Fuster
BACKGROUND: Imprecision in terms used in the field of clinical nutrition may lead to misinterpretations among professionals. OBJECTIVE: For this reason, the Spanish Society of Endocrinology and Nutrition (SEEN) promoted this document on the terms and definitions used in clinical artificial nutrition (enteral and parenteral), establishing an agreement between Spanish experts of this specialty. METHODS: Forty-seven specialists in endocrinology and nutrition, members of the Nutrition Area of the SEEN, participated between April and September 2016...
December 7, 2017: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225208/dietary-calcium-and-serum-25ohd-protect-chinese-women-from-type-2-diabetes
#9
Lijun Feng, Zhefang Hu, Qingqing Wang
The Chinese dietary structure is different from Western and Mediterranean diets. This study aimed to assess the association of dietary calcium, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), and other macronutrients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Chinese patients. This case-control study enrolled 605 patients (males, 337; females, 268) with T2D and 724 healthy subjects (males, 405; females, 319) at Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital from February to April 2014. Dietary calcium, total energy, fat to energy ratio, glucose administration, 2-h postprandial blood glucose, serum total cholesterol and high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, and serum 25OHD level were assessed...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222894/international-hospital-accreditation-and-clinical-nutrition-service-in-acute-care-hospitals-in-south-korea-results-of-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Mi Hyang Um, Eun Soon Lyu, Song Mi Lee, Yoo Kyoung Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Beginning in 2007, 29 hospitals in South Korea have received accreditation from Joint Commission International (JCI). The present study aimed to identify differences in clinical nutrition service provisions between JCI accredited acute care hospitals and non-accredited acute care hospitals. A survey questionnaire was sent to all 43 acute care hospitals in South Korea. METHODS: A total of 35 sets of clinical nutrition service surveys, 234 sets of clinical dietitian job satisfaction surveys, and five-day daily work logs from 129 clinical dietitians were received...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222876/asia-pacific-clinical-nutrition-society-award-for-2018-professor-chunming-chen
#11
Duo Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187051/the-new-european-society-for-clinical-nutrition-and-metabolism-definition-of-malnutrition-application-for-nutrition-assessment-and-prediction-of-morbimortality-in-an-emergency-service
#12
Jaqueline da Silva Fink, Aline Marcadenti, Estela Iraci Rabito, Flávia Moraes Silva
BACKGROUND: Recently, the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) provided novel consensus criteria for malnutrition diagnosis. This study aimed to evaluate the applicability of this instrument in combination with different nutrition screening tools (1) to identify malnutrition and (2) to predict morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational prospective study in 750 adults admitted to the emergency service of a tertiary public hospital...
March 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178093/-role-of-nutrition-support-in-the-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-gastrointestinal-surgery-patients
#13
Yijia Lin, Junsheng Peng
Nutrition support therapy can improve the general condition of the patient and is one of the main factors to ensure the success of the operation. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) improves the recovery following gastrointestinal surgery by reducing postoperative stress response. The application of nutrition support in ERAS includes nutrition risk assessment before surgery and preoperative nutrition treatment for malnutrition. The time to fasting and clear liquid was shortened to 6 h and 2 h before anesthesia induction...
November 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174926/factors-associated-with-response-to-teduglutide-in-patients-with-short-bowel-syndrome-and-intestinal-failure
#14
Palle Bekker Jeppesen, Simon M Gabe, Douglas L Seidner, Hak-Myung Lee, Clément Olivier
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Clinical studies showed teduglutide to increase urine production and reduce need for parenteral support volume in patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS) with intestinal failure, increasing intestinal wet weight absorption and reducing diarrhea. However, the effects of teduglutide on parenteral support vary among patients. We performed a post-hoc analysis of a phase 3 placebo-controlled study to identify characteristics of patients in whom teduglutide has the largest effects on parenteral support volume response...
November 22, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170984/clinical-nutrition-and-physical-rehabilitation-in-a-long-term-care-setting-preliminary-observations-in-sarcopenic-older-patients
#15
Sergio Dimori, Giorgio Leoni, Luca Fior, Fulvio Gasparotto
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia could have a negative prognostic impact in long-term care residents, which are characterized by multiple comorbidities and a high level of dependence. However, there is limited evidence on its prevalence and management in this healthcare setting. METHODS: All residents living in a long-term care institution were screened for the presence of sarcopenia. Sarcopenic patients in whom functional status could be assessed were included, based on the Tinetti scale (TS) score, in two parallel single-arm trials and received a specific nutritional supplement for muscle mass recovery in combination (TS ≥ 10) or not (TS < 10) with a supervised physical exercise rehabilitation program for 12 months...
November 23, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168190/innovative-food-products-for-cancer-patients-future-directions
#16
Itziar Tueros, Matxalen Uriarte
One of the main challenges for cancer patients under treatment is to prevent and tackle malnutrition. The current clinical nutrition market offers different food supplements or oral nutritional support products (mainly milkshakes or modified texture products) for cancer patients under risk of malnutrition. However, it is worth mentioning, that these products do not address the pleasure of eating, since they do not meet sensory requirements, such as taste and smell alterations, nor patients' food preferences, leading to a big impact on their quality of life (QOL)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164125/malnutrition-upon-hospital-admission-in-geriatric-patients-why-assess-it
#17
Paolo Orlandoni, Claudia Venturini, Nikolina Jukic Peladic, Annarita Costantini, Mirko Di Rosa, Claudia Cola, Natascia Giorgini, Redenta Basile, Donata Fagnani, Debora Sparvoli, Serenella David
Objective: To assess the prevalence of malnutrition according to the new ESPEN definition in a population of geriatric hospital patients and to determine how malnutrition affects the length of hospital stay (LOS) and hospital mortality. Design: A retrospective analysis of data gathered during nutritional screening surveys carried out three consecutive years, from 2012 to 2014, in an Italian geriatric research hospital (INRCA, Ancona) was performed. On the day of the study, demographic data, data on clinical conditions and the nutritional status of newly admitted patients were collected...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136728/-guidelines-on-nutritional-support-in-patients-with-tumor
#18
(no author information available yet)
Nutritional support for patients with tumor has been considered an important part of multidisciplinary treatment of tumor. It could improve the prognosis and quality of life for tumor patients when performed in a reasonable and effective way. Chinese Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (CSPEN) convened experts to develop these guidelines after many discussions and revisions according to standard procedures of guideline's development which were used worldwide. In order to develop these guidelines, we systematically reviewed the related global literature published in recent years, referred to other guidelines of national and international nutrition society, considered on expert opinion and their clinical experience in our country, and widely consulted the members of CSPEN and other related professionals...
November 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132740/effects-of-using-symbiotics-in-the-clinical-nutritional-evolution-of-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis-study-prospective-randomized-controlled-double-blind
#19
Patricia Quadros Dos Santos, Jorge C Guedes, Rosangela P de Jesus, Raquel Rocha Dos Santos, Rosemeiri L Fiaconne
Patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) present malabsorption and changes in nutritional status. In this prospective, randomized, controlled, double-blinded, intervention study, developed at the Clinic of Pancreas, we aimed to assess whether the use of symbiotics changes the nutritional status, the biochemical data and the intestinal rate of these patients. The intervention consisted of administering 12 g/day of symbiotics composed of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidobacterium bifidum and fructooligosaccharides to the intervention group and 12 g/day of medium absorption complex carbohydrate to the control group...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132737/discordance-between-bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-and-the-new-espen-definition-of-malnutrition-for-the-diagnosis-of-hospital-malnutrition
#20
Edgar Dehesa-López, Jesús Israel Martínez-Felix, Arturo Ruiz-Ramos, Ximena Atilano-Carsi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: No universally accepted diagnostic criteria for malnutrition are available to date. The aim was to assess the concordance for the diagnosis of hospital malnutrition between the bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) and the new definition of malnutrition proposed by the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN). METHODS: A total of 140 adult hospitalized patients were included. The malnutrition risk was assessed by the Nutritional Risk Screening...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
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