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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431364/the-humanistic-and-economic-burden-of-dravet-syndrome-on-caregivers-and-families-implications-for-future-research
#1
REVIEW
Mark P Jensen, Andreas Brunklaus, Liam Dorris, Sameer M Zuberi, Kelly G Knupp, Bradley S Galer, Arnold R Gammaitoni
We reviewed the current literature with respect to the humanistic and financial burdens of Dravet Syndrome (DS) on the caregivers of children with DS, in order to (1) identify key unanswered questions or gaps in knowledge that need to be addressed and then, based on these knowledge gaps, (2) propose a research agenda for the scientific community to address in the coming decade. The findings support the conclusion that caring for a child with DS is associated with significant humanistic burden and direct costs...
April 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428763/adhd-lifestyles-and-comorbidities-a-call-for-an-holistic-perspective-from-medical-to-societal-intervening-factors
#2
REVIEW
Simon Weissenberger, Radek Ptacek, Martina Klicperova-Baker, Andreja Erman, Katerina Schonova, Jiri Raboch, Michal Goetz
The review examines Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD in its Child and Adult form) and its various presentations (Hyperactive Impulsive, Inattentive, and Combined) with a particular focus on environmental (incl. social factors), lifestyles and comorbidities. It is argued that ADHD is best understood in a holistic and interactive context and a vast empirical literature is presented to illustrate the point: Environmental factors include stress in general as well as exposure to toxins (phthalates, bisphenol A)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425004/on-the-inner-life-of-physicians-analysis-of-family-medicine-residents-written-reflections
#3
Andrea Vicini, Allen F Shaughnessy, Ashley Duggan
This qualitative study introduces the broad and inclusive concept of the "inner life of physicians" and analyzes the written reflections (N = 756) of family medicine residents (N = 33) during their residency as indicative of the physicians' inner lives. Residents completed reflective entries without specific prompts. Researchers describe unsolicited emergent categorical themes indicative of a robust inner life of the physician. Nurturing physicians' inner life through reflection allows physicians to recognize, identify, and respond to daily emotional events...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414495/racial-discrimination-racial-identity-and-impostor-phenomenon-a-profile-approach
#4
Donte L Bernard, Lori S Hoggard, Enrique W Neblett
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between racial discrimination and the impostor phenomenon (IP) and the moderating influence of racial identity on this relationship. METHOD: One hundred fifty-seven African American college students (68% female; mean age = 18.63) completed measures of racial discrimination, racial identity, and IP during 2 waves of data collection. RESULTS: Utilizing latent profile analyses, 4 patterns of racial identity were identified: Undifferentiated, Multiculturalist, Race-Focused, and Humanist...
April 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406668/beyond-indifference-and-aversion-the-critical-reception-and-belated-acceptance-of-behavior-therapy-in-france
#5
Rémy Amouroux
In 1960s France, behavior therapy attracted the attention of a group of isolated pioneers largely composed of psychiatrists and some experimental psychologists. At the beginning of the 1970s, after a discreet introduction, the development of this movement provoked an adverse reaction related to the French intellectual context, which was characterized by a taste for psychoanalysis. At the height of the Cold War, this new form of therapy was, moreover, seen as a typical product of American culture, and viewed as a technique for mind control that would be incompatible with French humanist values...
April 13, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392710/humanistic-and-economic-burden-of-nausea-and-vomiting-among-migraine-sufferers
#6
Kavita Gajria, Lulu K Lee, Natalia M Flores, Ernesto Aycardi, Sanjay K Gandhi
BACKGROUND: While studies have demonstrated the economic burden of migraines in terms of quality of life, health care resource use (HRU), and costs, there exists a notable paucity of data comparing such outcomes among migraineurs with nausea and vomiting (N/V) and those without. The current study aimed to address this gap. METHODS: This was a retrospective study using data from the 2013 US National Health and Wellness Survey, a cross-sectional, internet-based survey...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388976/concept-development-of-nursing-presence-application-of-schwartz-barcott-and-kim-s-hybrid-model
#7
Fatemeh Mohammadipour, Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh, Soroor Parvizy, Meimanat Hosseini
PURPOSE: Although nursing presence is a foundation for professional nursing practice and has known positive outcomes such as patient satisfaction and recovery; it is not well known. The ambiguity surrounding how to define nursing presence has challenged its evaluation and education. Therefore, in an attempt to discover attributes of this underdeveloped concept and studying it in a new context, concept development is essential. The purpose of this study was to clarify the concept of nursing presence through concept development, to produce a tentative definition of this subjective concept in clinical practice...
March 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381895/emphasizing-bloom-s-affective-domain-to-reduce-pharmacy-students-stigmatizing-attitudes
#8
Andrew J Muzyk, Katie Lentz, Cynthia Green, Steve Fuller, D Byron May, Lorae Roukema
Objective. To create a learning environment using Bloom's affective domain as a framework that would reduce third-year pharmacy students' stigmatizing attitudes toward patients with mental illness. Design. Prior to the start of the module, students were asked to complete the 27-question Attribution Questionnaire Short Form (AQ-27). The teaching approach and in-class activities were designed to allow students' to experience the major categories within Bloom's affective domain. The module used patient cases, interactive-learning activities, and reflective discussions to augment pharmacological and therapeutic knowledge with a humanistic understanding of mental illness...
March 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373557/quantitative-criticism-of-literary-relationships
#9
Joseph P Dexter, Theodore Katz, Nilesh Tripuraneni, Tathagata Dasgupta, Ajay Kannan, James A Brofos, Jorge A Bonilla Lopez, Lea A Schroeder, Adriana Casarez, Maxim Rabinovich, Ayelet Haimson Lushkov, Pramit Chaudhuri
Authors often convey meaning by referring to or imitating prior works of literature, a process that creates complex networks of literary relationships ("intertextuality") and contributes to cultural evolution. In this paper, we use techniques from stylometry and machine learning to address subjective literary critical questions about Latin literature, a corpus marked by an extraordinary concentration of intertextuality. Our work, which we term "quantitative criticism," focuses on case studies involving two influential Roman authors, the playwright Seneca and the historian Livy...
April 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366886/leopold-zunz-and-the-meanings-of-i-wissenschaft-i
#10
Amos Bitzan
When Jewish historians narrate the history of their field, they often point to Leopold Zunz (1794-1886) as its founder. My article challenges the notion that Zunz's early understanding of Wissenschaft was primarily historical. Reconstructing the meaning of Wissenschaft for Zunz in its context, I argue that it was more philosophical than historical and closely linked to an ideal of character formation. Zunz's view of Wissenschaft reveals the ways in which German idealist philosophy, neo-Humanist manifestos, and a Romantic religious reform agenda could produce a scientific interest in the human past that seems at odds with central tenets of historicism...
2017: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353393/toward-a-humanistic-model-in-health-communication
#11
Olaf Werder
Since the key to effective health communication lies in its ability to communicate well, some of its core problems are those that relate to the sharing of meaning between communicators. In elaborating on these problems, this paper offers two key propositions: one, health communication has to pass through the filter of a particular world view that creates a discrepancy between expected and actual message reception and response. Two, the assumption of a rational human actor made implicitly by most health psychological models is a contestable issue, as many times message recipients do not follow a cognitive judgment process...
March 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329857/-play-and-people-living-with-dementia-a-humanities-based-inquiry-of-timeslips-and-the-alzheimer-s-poetry-project
#12
Aagje Swinnen, Kate de Medeiros
This paper is a humanities-based inquiry, applying Huizinga's framework of homo ludens ("man the player") to consider "play" in the context of two participatory arts programs (TimeSlips and the Alzheimer's Poetry Project) for people living with dementia. "Play," according to this Dutch historian, is at the heart of human activity and what gives meaning to life. Despite empirical research on play across the life course, play in dementia care is a relatively new idea. In addition, there is a dearth of reports based on humanistic inquiry which has slightly different goals than the growing body of qualitative and quantitative studies of participatory arts interventions...
January 18, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323608/from-doctors-stories-to-doctors-stories-and-back-again
#13
Marcia Day Childress
Stories have always been central to medicine, but during the twentieth century bioscience all but eclipsed narrative's presence in medical practice. In Doctors' Stories, published in 1991, Kathryn Montgomery excavated medicine's narrative foundations and functions to reveal new possibilities for how to conceive and characterize medicine. Physicians' engagement with stories has since flourished, especially through the narrative medicine movement, although in the twenty-first century this has been challenged by the health care industry's business-minded and data-driven clinical systems...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291968/integrative-treatment-of-personality-disorder-part-i-psychotherapy
#14
Mirjana Divac Jovanovic, Dragan Svrakic
In this paper, we outline the concept of integrative therapy of borderline personality, also referred to as fragmented personality, which we consider to be the core psychopathology underlying all clinical subtypes of personality disorder. Hence, the terms borderline personality, borderline disorder, fragmented personality, and personality disorder are used interchangeably, as synonyms. Our integrative approach combines pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy, each specifically tailored to accomplish a positive feedback modulation of their respective effects...
March 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290953/chief-of-residents-for-quality-improvement-and-patient-safety-a-recipe-for-a-new-role-in-graduate-medical-education
#15
Kelly Ferraro, Randall Zernzach, Stephen Maturo, Christopher Nagy, Rebecca Barrett
INTRODUCTION: The San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium (SAUSHEC) is the largest group of residency programs in the Department of Defense. In an effort to provide improved Quality Improvement and Patient Safety (QI/PS) training for its residents, SAUSHEC created the position of Chief of QI/PS for Residents in the academic year 2014-2015. The Chief of QI/PS for Residents was based in the Internal Medicine residency program but also assisted with SAUSHEC-wide QI/PS projects...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281588/culture-and-its-influences-on-dental-education
#16
(no author information available yet)
Students from European countries favour learning grounded in constructivism and humanist principles, in contrast to those from Asian countries who are more comfortable with passive learning styles.
March 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272112/starting-with-lucy-focusing-on-human-similarities-rather-than-differences-to-address-health-care-disparities
#17
Laura Clementz, Megan McNamara, Nicole M Burt, Matthew Sparks, Mamta K Singh
PROBLEM: Multicultural or cultural competence education to address health care disparities using the traditional categorical approach can lead to inadvertent adverse consequences. Nontraditional approaches that address these drawbacks while promoting humanistic care are needed. APPROACH: In September 2014, the Cleveland VA Medical Center's Center of Excellence in Primary Care Education Transforming Outpatient Care (CoEPCE-TOPC) collaborated with the Cleveland Museum of Natural History (CMNH) to develop the Original Identity program, which uses a biocultural anthropologic framework to help learners recognize and address unconscious bias and starts with a discussion of humans' shared origins...
March 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263278/international-nursing-research-on-the-correlation-between-empathy-and-china-s-big-five-personality-theory-implications-for-nursing-leaders
#18
Cong Wang, Qin Wu, Mei Feng, Qunfang Wan, Xiaoling Wu
To investigate the characteristics of nurses' empathy and explore the correlation between nurses' empathy and personality, a cross-sectional study with 250 nurses from a general hospital in China was conducted using the Chinese Big Five Personality Inventory (CBF-PI) and the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Professionals (JSE-HP). The total score of the JSE-HP was 110.60 (SD = 11.71). Employment forms and child-rearing situations were the significant predictors of the JSE-HP score. Multiple hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the JSE-HP score was positively correlated with conscientiousness and agreeableness and the contribution of CBF-PI to JSE-HP scale variances was 15...
April 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252466/defining-clinical-excellence-in-hospital-medicine-a-qualitative-study
#19
Susrutha Kotwal, Ivonne Peña, Eric Howell, Scott Wright
INTRODUCTION: There are now more than 50,000 hospitalists working in the United States. Limited empiric research has been performed to characterize clinical excellence in hospital medicine. We conducted a qualitative study to discover elements judged to be most pertinent to excellence in clinical care delivered by hospitalists. METHODS: The chiefs of hospital medicine at five hospitals were asked to identify their "clinically best" hospitalists. Data collection, in the form of one-on-one interviews, was directed by an interview guide...
January 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249576/the-evaluating-self-management-and-educational-support-in-severely-obese-patients-awaiting-multidisciplinary-bariatric-care-evolution-trial-principal-results
#20
Raj S Padwal, Scott Klarenbach, Arya M Sharma, Miriam Fradette, Susan E Jelinski, Alun Edwards, Sumit R Majumdar
BACKGROUND: In Canada, demand for multidisciplinary bariatric (obesity) care far outstrips capacity. Consequently, prolonged wait times exist that contribute to substantial health impairments. A supportive, educational, self-management intervention (with in-person and web-based versions) for patients wait-listed for bariatric care has already been implemented in Northern and Central Alberta, Canada, but its effectiveness is unknown. The objective of this trial is to evaluate the clinical and economic outcomes of two self-management programs of varying intensity that are currently in use...
March 2, 2017: BMC Medicine
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