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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150586/megan-brannigan
#1
Leigh-Anne Brown
An unconventional boss with an astonishing sense of humour, Megan welcomed a diverse team into her practices. She was a humanist, feminist and connoisseur of fine food and wine.
November 18, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142560/changes-in-empathy-during-medical-education-an-example-from-turkey
#2
Fusun Artiran Igde, Mustafa Kursat Sahin
Objective: Empathy is a key element of patient- physician communication; it is relevant to and positively influences patients' health. In this study we aimed to present the Turkey example for the empathy change during the medical faculty training. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out at Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Samsun, Turkey. in first three years students of medicine during September 2014 to June 2015...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116309/characteristics-of-role-models-who-influenced-medical-residents-to-choose-surgery-as-a-specialty-exploratory-study
#3
Carlos Eli Piccinato, Maria de Lourdes Veronese Rodrigues, Laura de Andrade Rocha, Luiz Ernesto de Almeida Troncon
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Choosing a medical specialty and making decisions concerning a career are difficult processes for medical students and newly graduated physicians.This exploratory study aimed to investigate the influence of role models on the choice of surgery as a career, and to determine the most influential model characteristics. DESIGN AND SETTING: Qualitative analysis on responses to a self-administered questionnaire, in different teaching-learning settings...
November 6, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114694/the-impact-of-clinical-pharmacists-in-improving-jordanian-patients-health-outcomes
#4
Eman A Hammad, Rajaa A Qudah, Amal A Akour
To assess the impacts of clinical pharmacists on Jordanian patients' health outcomes. Methods: A systematic review was conducted until July 2016 within EBSCO, Pubmed, Cochrane database, and ISI Web of Knowledge. Published studies evaluating the benefit of clinical pharmacy services on therapeutic, safety, humanistic, and economic outcomes in hospital or community settings in Jordan were targeted. Two reviewers independently extracted and assessed risk of bias using a pre-published validated tool. The literature search identified 130 publications of which 21 full texts met predetermined inclusion criteria...
November 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098071/the-use-of-the-clinical-ethnographic-narrative-interview-to-understand-and-support-help-seeking-after-gender-based-violence
#5
Denise M Saint Arnault
Gender-based violence (GBV), characterized by the abduction or rape of women and girls to humiliate, intimidate, and traumatize them and their communities, is a profoundly disturbing tactic in international conflict. Long after armed conflict has ended, survivors continue to experience physical injuries, psychological trauma, and social and cultural stigma. Guilt, shame, and continued interpersonal violence can become a normalized part of daily life, significantly challenging the road to healing and recovery...
September 2017: TPM. Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072182/social-challenges-of-contemporary-psychiatry
#6
N Bouras
Psychiatry and society are interrelated and the biopsychosocial model continues to dominate the clinical psychiatric practice. Some doubts have been expressed in recent years about the value and the wide acceptance of the biopsychosocial model. Ghaemi (2009)1 considers it to be anti-humanistic and advocates the use of less eclectic, less generic, and less vague alternatives. The fundamental changes that have been witnessed in our times across the spectrum of biology, psychology and sociology have made necessary that a conceptual clarity should prevail...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046737/between-the-west-and-asia-humanistic-japanese-family-planning-in-the-cold-war
#7
Aya Homei
This paper studies the formation of Japanese ventures in family planning deployed in various villages in Asia from the 1960s onward in the name of development aid. By critically examining how Asia became the priority area for Japan's international cooperation in family planning and by analyzing how the adjective "humanistic" was used to underscore the originality of Japan's family planning program overseas, the paper shows that visions of Japanese actors were directly informed by Japan's delicate position in Cold War geopolitics, between the imagined West represented by the United States and "underdeveloped" Asia, at a time when Japan was striving to (re-)establish its position in world politics and economics...
December 2016: East Asian Science, Technology and Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045272/palliative-nursing-for-cancer-patients-as-an-abstract-concept-a-hermeneutic-study
#8
Leili Borimnejad, Marjan Mardani-Hamooleh, Naimeh Seyedfatemi, Mamak Tahmasebi
BACKGROUND: Understanding the outcomes of palliative care (PC) that is provided to patients with cancer is necessary. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the lived experiences of Iranian nurses with regard to PC outcomes in cancer patients. METHODS: This hermeneutic study interviewed 14 nurses to understand their lived experiences with regard to PC outcomes in cancer patients. A seven-stage process of data analysis was employed. RESULTS: One constitutive pattern "palliative nursing for cancer patients is an abstractive concept" and the two associated themes of "providing excellent PC" and "PC as an alarm" were identified...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033615/clinical-economic-and-humanistic-burden-of-needlestick-injuries-in-healthcare-workers
#9
REVIEW
Catherine E Cooke, Jennifer M Stephens
INTRODUCTION: Needlestick injuries (NSIs) from a contaminated needle put healthcare workers (HCWs) at risk of becoming infected with a blood-borne virus and suffering serious short- and long-term medical consequences. Hypodermic injections using disposable syringes and needles are the most frequent cause of NSIs. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic literature review on NSI and active safety-engineered devices for hypodermic injection. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and COCHRANE databases were searched for studies that evaluated the clinical, economic, or humanistic outcomes of NSI or active safety-engineered devices...
2017: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020704/-current-research-activities-on-person-centered-medicine-in-academic-institutes-of-general-practice-in-germany-and-austria
#10
Annemarie Weber, Jörg Schelling, Niko Kohls, Marcus van Dyck, Stephanie Poggenburg, Christian Vajda, Jameson Hirsch, Fuschia Sirois, Loren Toussaint, Martin Offenbächer
Aim of study Person-centered medicine (PCM) with its focus on humanistic-biographical-oriented medicine and integrated, positive-salutogenic health is a central aspect in the patient-physician relationship in general practice. The objective of this analysis is to assess the prevalence and type of research project in academic institutions of general practice in Germany (Ger) and Austria (At) and the thematic priorities of the projects in the areas PCM, health promotion (HP), prevention (PRE) and conventional medicine (CM)...
October 11, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991846/a-multi-institutional-longitudinal-faculty-development-program-in-humanism-supports-the-professional-development-of-faculty-teachers
#11
William T Branch, Richard M Frankel, Janet P Hafler, Amy B Weil, MaryAnn C Gilligan, Debra K Litzelman, Margaret Plews-Ogan, Elizabeth A Rider, Lars G Osterberg, Dana Dunne, Natalie B May, Arthur R Derse
The authors describe the first 11 academic years (2005-2006 through 2016-2017) of a longitudinal, small-group faculty development program for strengthening humanistic teaching and role modeling at 30 U.S. and Canadian medical schools that continues today. During the yearlong program, small groups of participating faculty met twice monthly with a local facilitator for exercises in humanistic teaching, role modeling, and related topics that combined narrative reflection with skills training using experiential learning techniques...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971415/exploring-the-notion-of-context-in-medical-data
#12
Phivos Mylonas
Scientific and technological knowledge and skills are becoming crucial for most data analysis activities. Two rather distinct, but at the same time collaborating, domains are the ones of computer science and medicine; the former offers significant aid towards a more efficient understanding of the latter's research trends. Still, the process of meaningfully analyzing and understanding medical information and data is a tedious one, bound to several challenges. One of them is the efficient utilization of contextual information in the process leading to optimized, context-aware data analysis results...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966179/climate-study-of-the-learning-environment-for-faculty-staff-and-students-at-a-u-s-dental-school-foundation-for-culture-change
#13
C A Murdoch-Kinch, R E Duff, V Ramaswamy, T V Ester, S A Sponseller, J A Seeley
The aim of this study was to assess the culture and climate for diversity and inclusion and the humanistic learning environment for students, faculty, and staff at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry. From July 2014 to June 2015, two committees of 16 faculty members, staff members, and students, in partnership with trained program evaluators, used a participatory program evaluation (PPE) process to conduct the assessment using key informant interviews, surveys, and focus groups. The topics addressed were humanistic environment, learning environment, diversity and inclusion, microaggressions and bullying, and activities and space...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966178/building-a-humanistic-culture-in-dental-education
#14
EDITORIAL
Nader A Nadershahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961578/what-is-caring-in-nursing-sorting-out-humanistic-and-christian-perspectives
#15
R Shirlene Newbanks, Linda S Rieg, Beverly Schaefer
Historically, some propose that organized nursing was founded on biblical principles and the caring behaviors and characteristics of Christ, and that caring originates with God. More recently, perceptions of caring have shifted to a humanistic, postmodern worldview, where the source of caring is within the person. This integrative literature review synthesized caring literature from humanistic, postmodern, and biblical, theological worldviews. Findings reveal that 95% of research and 85% of nonresearch publications were written from the humanistic perspective...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958214/conceptualizing-suffering-and-pain
#16
Noelia Bueno-Gómez
BACKGROUND: This article aims to contribute to a better conceptualization of pain and suffering by providing non-essential and non-naturalistic definitions of both phenomena. Contributions of classical evidence-based medicine, the humanistic turn in medicine, as well as the phenomenology and narrative theories of suffering and pain, together with certain conceptions of the person beyond them (the mind-body dichotomy, Cassel's idea of persons as "intact beings") are critically discussed with such purpose...
September 29, 2017: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956551/a-return-to-humane-medicine-osler-s-legacy
#17
Lucia Craxì, Simona Giardina, Antonio Gioacchino Spagnolo
Sir William Osler is celebrated today not only for his contributions to the advancement of medical education, but also for the humanism he brought to the practice of medicine. He was a doctor whose bedside skills and manners were emulated, and can legitimately be called an infectious diseases specialist. Nonetheless, he was also a humanist in the broader sense of the term, a student of human affairs and human nature, who emphasised compassion for the individual. To what extent, if any, are today's challenges influenced by departures from the paradigms created by Osler? In this paper we sought to ascertain whether such a tradition is still relevant to current practice and may foster a new perspective...
September 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949304/resilience-psychiatry-and-religion-from-public-and-global-mental-health-perspective-dialogue-and-cooperation-in-the-search-for-humanistic-self-compassionate-society-and-empathic-civilization
#18
Miro Jakovljevic
Psychiatry has increasingly devoted its attention to the role of religion and spirituality in mental health and illness. All religions offer explanations for meaning and purpose of life, involving rationales for the reality of human suffering and traumas related to natural disasters, war, civil violence, torture, etc. In many countries different religious organizations have funded and operated mental health services as well as supported better understanding, empathy and compassion among cultures. A rapprochement between psychiatry and religion has been predicated on their overlapping goals to promote individual and community resilience, growth, and well-being...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948591/-correspondence-in-humanistic-care
#19
Hsien-Hsien Chiang, Jen-Jiuan Liaw
BACKGROUND: Intersubjectivity is a significant element of humanistic care. However, there is a lack of evidence related to the perceptions of nurses in clinical practice settings. PURPOSE: To explore the evidence of correspondence in clinical intersubjective caring activities. METHODS: The van Manen's thematic analysis approach was used to analyze the data, which was obtained from dialogues in small group learning settings. Six scenarios were identified to define the nature of correspondence in nursing care...
October 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942774/evaluation-of-patient-and-family-outpatient-complaints-as-a-strategy-to-prioritize-efforts-to-improve-cancer-care-delivery
#20
Jennifer W Mack, Joseph Jacobson, David Frank, Angel M Cronin, Kathleen Horvath, Victoria Allen, Jennifer Wind, Deborah Schrag
BACKGROUND: Limited systematic data about complaints related to cancer care are available. Patient complaints related to ambulatory care at a large academic cancer center were examined to better understand patient experiences of care and prioritize opportunities for quality improvement. METHODS: Content analysis of outpatient complaints made to the Patient/Family Relations Office at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, in a two-year period (January 2013-December 2014) were conducted...
October 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
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