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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882578/creative-art-and-medical-student-development-a-qualitative-study
#1
Elizabeth K Jones, Anne L Kittendorf, Arno K Kumagai
OBJECTIVES: Although many medical schools include arts-based activities in their curricula, empirical evidence is lacking regarding how the creation of art might impact medical students and their professional development. We used a qualitative research design in order to understand this process. METHODS: We conducted and analysed interviews with 16 medical students who had created and presented original artwork in the context of a required narrative-based undergraduate medical education programme...
November 23, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881113/psychotherapy-integration-under-scrutiny-investigating-the-impact-of-integrating-emotion-focused-components-into-a-cbt-based-approach-a-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Anna Babl, Martin Grosse Holtforth, Sara Heer, Mu Lin, Annabarbara Stähli, Dominique Holstein, Martina Belz, Yvonne Egenolf, Eveline Frischknecht, Fabian Ramseyer, Daniel Regli, Emma Schmied, Christoph Flückiger, Jeannette Brodbeck, Thomas Berger, Franz Caspar
BACKGROUND: This currently recruiting randomized controlled trial investigates the effects of integrating components of Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT) into Psychological Therapy (PT), an integrative form of cognitive-behavioral therapy in a manner that is directly mirroring common integrative practice in the sense of assimilative integration. Aims of the study are to understand how both, an existing therapy approach as well as the elements to be integrated, are affected by the integration and to clarify the role of emotional processing as a mediator of therapy outcome...
November 24, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876635/creating-humanistic-clinicians-through-palliative-care-education
#3
Elaine Wittenberg, Sandra L Ragan, Betty Ferrell, Rose Virani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871720/-guidelines-for-the-prescription-of-mood-stabilizers-for-adolescents-a-literature-review
#4
G Munch, N Godart
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a unique phase of the human developmental process. In adolescents, psychotropic medications may have different efficacy and tolerance profiles compared to those at other stages of the lifespan. Mood stabilizers are a complex pharmacological category including lithium, some anticonvulsants, and some second generation antipsychotics. Focusing on this class of pharmacological agents, we aim to answer the following questions: in which indications and according to which modalities should mood stabilizers be prescribed during adolescence? METHODS: Information was sought from the websites of the French Haute Autorité de santé (HAS) and Agence nationale de sécurité du médicament et des produits de santé (ANSM), the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the British National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE)...
November 18, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871338/mathematical-subtleties-and-scientific-knowledge-francis-bacon-and-mathematics-at-the-crossing-of-two-traditions
#5
Giuliano Mori
This article engages the much-debated role of mathematics in Bacon's philosophy and inductive method at large. The many references to mathematics in Bacon's works are considered in the context of the humanist reform of the curriculum studiorum and, in particular, through a comparison with the kinds of natural and intellectual subtlety as they are defined by many sixteenth-century authors, including Cardano, Scaliger and Montaigne. Additionally, this article gives a nuanced background to the 'subtlety' commonly thought to have been eschewed by Bacon and by Bacon's self-proclaimed followers in the Royal Society of London...
November 22, 2016: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855973/systematic-review-of-clinical-humanistic-and-economic-outcome-comparisons-between-radiographic-and-non-radiographic-axial-spondyloarthritis
#6
Joachim Sieper, Xiaohan Hu, Christopher M Black, Kim Grootscholten, Remon W M van den Broek, Sumesh Kachroo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate similarities and differences between non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) with regard to treatment effects and clinical, humanistic, and economic burdens. METHODS: In this systematic literature review, ACR 2015, EULAR 2015, EMBASE, and PubMed were searched for studies published between January 2010 and September 2015 that compared predefined clinical, humanistic, and economic aspects in nr-axSpA and AS...
September 13, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853390/humanistic-and-economic-burden-of-fibromyalgia-in-japan
#7
Lulu K Lee, Nozomi Ebata, Patrick Hlavacek, Marco DiBonaventura, Joseph C Cappelleri, Alesia Sadosky
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the health and economic burden associated with fibromyalgia among adults in Japan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the 2011-2014 Japan National Health and Wellness Survey (n=115,271), a nationally representative survey of adults, were analyzed. The greedy matching algorithm was used to match the respondents who self-reported a diagnosis of fibromyalgia with those not having fibromyalgia (n=256). Generalized linear models, controlling for covariates (eg, age and sex), examined whether the respondents with fibromyalgia differed from matched controls based on health status (health utilities; Mental and Physical Component Summary scores from Medical Outcomes Study: 12-item Version 2 and 36-item Version 2 Short Form Survey), sleep quality (ie, sleep difficulty symptoms), work productivity (Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire - General Health Version 2...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843789/real-world-evidence-an-indian-perspective
#8
REVIEW
Amit Dang, B N Vallish
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the gold standard for measuring the safety and efficacy of drugs. However, they are being challenged by payers and health care providers since they are looking for real world evidence (RWE) to validate whether the new intervention provides similar safety and efficacy as reported in RCT data. RWE uses real world data (RWD) to generate insight, foresight, and explorative findings on diseases, products, and patient populations. There are varied sources of RWD such as administrative data, large pragmatic trials, registries, electronic health records, and health surveys...
October 2016: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819405/-santiago-ramon-y-cajal-in-literature-cinema-and-television
#9
REVIEW
S Collado-Vazquez, J M Carrillo
INTRODUCTION: The life and work of Santiago Ramon y Cajal has been portrayed in scientific papers, biographical and autobiographical works, comics, films, television series or documentaries that have attempted to reflect upon his life or his contributions to science and to bring him closer to the general public. AIMS: To analyse the different ways Santiago Ramon y Cajal has been represented in literature, cinema and television, and to become more closely acquainted with this scientist through his fictional writings...
November 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812145/the-humanistic-burden-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-europe-examining-health-outcomes-and-the-role-of-complications
#10
Anna Rydén, Elisabeth Sörstadius, Klas Bergenheim, Alexandru Romanovschi, Fredrik Thorén, Edward A Witt, Catarina Sternhufvud
AIMS: Diagnoses of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) in Europe appear to be on the rise. Therefore it is imperative that researchers understand the potential impact that increases in prevalence could have on the affected individuals as well as on society as a whole. Accordingly this study examined the humanistic and economic burden of T1DM in patients relative to those without the condition across a number of health outcomes including health status, work productivity loss, activity impairment, and healthcare resource use...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808467/measuring-pediatric-hematology-oncology-fellows-skills-in-humanism-and-professionalism-a-novel-assessment-instrument
#11
Jennifer C Kesselheim, Anurag K Agrawal, Nita Bhatia, Angel Cronin, Rima Jubran, Paul Kent, Leslie Kersun, Amulya Nageswara Rao, Melissa Rose, Stephanie Savelli, Mukta Sharma, Evan Shereck, Clare J Twist, Michael Wang
BACKGROUND: Educators in pediatric hematology-oncology lack rigorously developed instruments to assess fellows' skills in humanism and professionalism. PROCEDURE: We developed a novel 15-item self-assessment instrument to address this gap in fellowship training. Fellows (N = 122) were asked to assess their skills in five domains: balancing competing demands of fellowship, caring for the dying patient, confronting depression and burnout, responding to challenging relationships with patients, and practicing humanistic medicine...
November 3, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807716/the-contribution-of-intellectuals-to-the-history-of-traumatology-during-the-renaissance-treatment-of-femoral-fracture-through-fran%C3%A3-ois-rabelais-glossocomion
#12
REVIEW
Francesco Manzini, Claudio Manzini, Giancarlo Cesana, Michele Augusto Riva
During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, intellectuals often included clinical cases and medical descriptions in their literary works. These authors appeared to be more interested in internal and infectious diseases rather than in musculoskeletal disorders and orthopaedics. François Rabelais (1490-1553) was one of the most renowned humanists and philologists of the sixteenth century. He was also a physician with an interest in translating ancient texts of medical authors. Rabelais rediscovered a device for treating femoral fracture originally described by the Roman physician Galen and named as glossocomion...
November 2, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766979/good-practices-according-to-who-s-recommendation-for-normal-labor-and-birth-and-women-s-assessment-of-the-care-received-the-birth-in-brazil-national-research-study-2011-2012
#13
Marcia Leonardi Baldisserotto, Mariza Miranda Theme Filha, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends good practices for the conduct of uncomplicated labor and birth, with the aim of improving the quality of and assessment by women of childbirth care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between adoption of good practices according to WHO's recommendation for normal labor and birth and assessment by women of the care received. METHODS: Birth in Brazil is a national hospital-based study with countrywide representation consisting of 23,894 mothers and their newborns, conducted between February 2011 and October 2012...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759681/beyond-the-cyst-the-many-contributions-of-isadore-tarlov-1905-1977-to-contemporary-neurosurgical-practice
#14
Anand Kaul, Sunil Manjila, Jonathan P Miller
: Isadore Max Tarlov (1905-1977) is primarily remembered for his 1938 description of the eponymous perineural "Tarlov cyst." However, during his long career as a neurosurgeon and researcher, he was responsible for many other observations and inventions that influenced the development of neurosurgery in the 20th century. While studying at Johns Hopkins Medical School he was acquainted with Walter Dandy, and he became the first resident to study under Wilder Penfield at the newly formed Montreal Neurological Institute...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743447/factors-associated-with-students-perceptions-of-role-modelling
#15
Bahareh Bahman Bijari, Morteza Zare, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Azam Bazrafshan, Amin Beigzadeh, Maryam Esmaili
Objectives: To determine which professional and humanistic attributes demonstrated by teachers in the health disciplines caused them to be perceived by students as positive or negative role models. Methods: Quantitative empirical data were gathered using a self-administered questionnaire by graduating students in medical, dentistry, and pharmacy schools at Kerman University of Medical Sciences. A total of 3 graduating cohorts, comprising about 220 students, were selected for this study...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737596/clinical-humanistic-and-economic-outcomes-between-drug-eluting-stent-des-and-bare-metal-stent-bms-18-month-follow-up-study
#16
Vivian W Y Lee, Franco W Cheng, Adrian Y Choi, Sam T Fong, Cheuk Man Yu, Bryan P Yan
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is one of the most performed interventions for ischemic heart diseases. In Hong Kong, the total number of patient discharges and deaths for ischemic heart diseases in 2009 was 33,363, including 4,360 deaths. There are over 5,000 cases of PCI yearly. This study aimed to compare clinical, economic and humanistic outcomes among patients receiving drug-eluting stent (DES) or bare metal stent (BMS) in Hong Kong. METHODS: Patients who received stent implantation between 15(th) September, 2009 and 11(th) October, 2010 in Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong, were recruited and followed for 18 months...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720910/implementing-the-concept-of-continuous-clinical-response-into-clinical-practice-for-ulcerative-colitis
#17
Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet, Gert Van Assche, Alessandro Armuzzi, Laura Garcia-Alvarez, Nuria Lara, Christopher M Black, Ahmed Khalifa, Freddy Cornillie, Sumesh Kachroo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a complex and progressive disease that has a significant humanistic and economic impact in patients and the wider society. Disease control is still an unmet need for a large proportion of patients. The aim of this paper was to review the current evidence to assess the feasibility, value and impact of integrating continuous clinical response (CCR) as a patient-reported outcome into routine management of UC. METHODS: Literature searches in Pubmed, Google Scholar and conference proceedings were undertaken to retrieve the relevant articles regarding burden and course of disease, outcome measures in UC, tools for measuring disease activity, and models for patient´s self-monitoring...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696540/humanistic-and-economic-outcomes-of-pharmacist-provided-medication-review-in-the-community-dwelling-elderly-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Z W R Loh, M H H Cheen, H L Wee
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Recent reviews have shown that pharmacist-provided medication review in the elderly can improve clinical outcomes and reduce medication discrepancies compared with usual care. However, none determined whether these translate to improved humanistic and economic outcomes. This review sought to evaluate the effects of medication review on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and healthcare costs in the elderly. METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science and the Cochrane library for studies published in English from inception to 31 August 2015 was conducted...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694600/doctors-in-space-ships-biomedical-uncertainties-and-medical-authority-in-imagined-futures
#19
Lesley Henderson, Simon Carter
There has been considerable interest in images of medicine in popular science fiction and in representations of doctors in television fiction. Surprisingly little attention has been paid to doctors administering space medicine in science fiction. This article redresses this gap. We analyse the evolving figure of 'the doctor' in different popular science fiction television series. Building upon debates within Medical Sociology, Cultural Studies and Media Studies we argue that the figure of 'the doctor' is discursively deployed to act as the moral compass at the centre of the programme narrative...
September 30, 2016: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673737/the-reinforcement-of-ableism-normality-the-medical-model-of-disability-and-humanism-in-applied-behavior-analysis-and-asd
#20
Eric Shyman
The field of educating individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder has ever been rife with controversy regarding issues ranging from etiology and causation to effective intervention and education options. One such basis for controversy has been between humanism, and humanistic philosophical concepts, and its fundamental differences with behaviorism, and behavioristic philosophical concepts. These differences have long been debated, and the belief that the two orientations are generally mutually exclusive has been largely maintained...
October 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
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