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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087727/bioethics-and-imagination-towards-a-narrative-bioethics-committed-to-social-action-and-justice
#1
Camilo Hernán Manchola Castillo, Jan Helge Solbakk
Recently, the involvement of various authors coming from the social sciences and the arts has reinforced the humanistic component of bioethics. Their contributions vary from very theoretical perspectives to rather practical ones. In this paper, Martha Nussbaum's books, The Fragility of Goodness (1986), Love's Knowledge (1990), Cultivating Humanity (1997) and Creating Capabilities (2011) are analysed from the vantage point of narrative bioethics. It is argued that Nussbaum's notions of 'Narrative', 'Imagination' and 'Cultivation' open up the possibility of developing an action-oriented form of narrative bioethics, that is, a bioethics committed to social action and justice...
January 13, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086784/health-related-quality-of-life-assessment-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-the-effectiveness-of-early-phase-i-cardiac-rehabilitation
#2
Lawrence Anchah, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Melissa Siaw Han Lim, Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim, Kui Hian Sim, Tiong Kiam Ong
BACKGROUND: Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) is one of the most burdensome cardiovascular diseases in terms of the cost of interventions. The Cardiac Rehabilitation Programme (CRP) is well-established in improving clinical outcomes but the assessment of actual clinical improvement is challenging, especially when considering pharmaceutical care (PC) values in phase I CRP during admission and upon discharge from hospital and phase II outpatient interventions. This study explores the impact of pharmacists' interventions in the early stages of CRP on humanistic outcomes and follow-up at a referral hospital in Malaysia...
January 13, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064257/epistemic-cognition-in-medical-education-a-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Jennifer L Eastwood, Elysa Koppelman-White, Misa Mi, Jason Adam Wasserman, Ernest F Krug Iii, Barbara Joyce
Objective: To review the research literature on epistemic cognition in medical education. Methods: We conducted database searches using keywords related to epistemic cognition and medical education or practice. In duplicate, authors selected and reviewed empirical studies with a central focus on epistemic cognition and participant samples including medical students or physicians. Independent thematic analysis and consensus procedures were used to identify major findings about epistemic cognition and implications for research and medical education...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050879/using-critical-consciousness-to-inform-health-professions-education-a%C3%A2-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Mark Halman, Lindsay Baker, Stella Ng
PURPOSE: To explore how, in health professions education (HPE), the concept of critical consciousness has been defined and discussed, and to consider and suggest how critical pedagogy could be applied in practice. This exploration responds to increasing calls in the literature for HPE to foster compassionate care and social consciousness through the social sciences and humanities. METHOD: The authors searched Medline/PubMed, ERIC and Web of Science for articles focusing on critical consciousness and/or critical pedagogy involving health professions...
January 3, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025725/theory-based-interventions-to-improve-medication-adherence-in-older-adults-prescribed-polypharmacy-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Deborah E Patton, Carmel M Hughes, Cathal A Cadogan, Cristín A Ryan
BACKGROUND: Previous interventions have shown limited success in improving medication adherence in older adults, and this may be due to the lack of a theoretical underpinning. OBJECTIVE: This review sought to determine the effectiveness of theory-based interventions aimed at improving medication adherence in older adults prescribed polypharmacy and to explore the extent to which psychological theory informed their development. DATA SOURCES: Eight electronic databases were searched from inception to March 2015, and extensive hand-searching was conducted...
December 26, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013558/reconciling-technology-and-humanistic-care-lessons-from-the-next-generation-of-physicians
#6
Arabella L Simpkin, Perry B Dinardo, Elizabeth Pine, Elizabeth Gaufberg
PURPOSE: There is concern among physicians that the rising use of technology in medicine may have a negative impact on compassionate patient-centered care. This study explores medical student attitudes and ideas about technology in medicine in order to consider ways to achieve symbiosis between technology use and the delivery of humanistic, patient-centered care. METHODS: This qualitative study uses data from 138 essays written by medical students in the United States and Canada responding to the prompt "Using a real life experience, describe how technology played a role, either negatively or positively, in the delivery of humanistic patient care...
December 25, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007633/the-go-actiwe-randomized-controlled-trial-an-interdisciplinary-study-designed-to-investigate-the-health-effects-of-active-commuting-and-leisure-time-physical-activity
#7
Mads Rosenkilde, Martin Bæk Petersen, Anne Sofie Gram, Jonas Salling Quist, Jonas Winther, Simon Due Kamronn, Desirée Hornbæk Milling, Jakob Eg Larsen, Astrid Pernille Jespersen, Bente Stallknecht
Regular physical activity is efficacious for improving metabolic health in overweight and obese individuals, yet, many adults lead sedentary lives. Most exercise interventions have targeted leisure time, but physical activity also takes place in other domains of everyday life. Active commuting represents a promising alternative to increase physical activity, but it has yet to be established whether active commuting conveys health benefits on par with leisure time physical activity (LTPA). A 6-month randomized controlled trial was designed to investigate the effects of increased physical activity in transport (bicycling) or leisure time domains (moderate or vigorous intensity endurance exercise)...
December 19, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998331/yesterday-s-doctors-the-human-aspects-of-medical-education-in-britain-1957-93
#8
Victoria Bates
In the wake of the Second World War there was a movement to counterbalance the apparently increasingly technical nature of medical education. These reforms sought a more holistic model of care and to put people - rather than diseases - back at the centre of medical practice and medical education. This article shows that students often drove the early stages of education reform. Their innovations focused on relationships between doctors and their communities, and often took the form of informal discussions about medical ethics and the social dimensions of primary care...
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972733/humanistic-and-economic-outcomes-of-pharmacist-provided-medication-reviews-in-the-elderly-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Z W Loh, H H Cheen, H L Wee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972598/the-societal-and-humanistic-burden-of-small-cell-lung-cancer-sclc-a-systematic-review-of-societal-impact-and-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-literature
#10
A Enstone, C Panter, M H Greaney, B Bennett, J R Penrod, Y Yuan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971886/economic-and-humanistic-burden-of-chronic-spontaneous-urticaria-in-brazil-impact-on-work-productivity-resource-utilization-and-quality-of-life
#11
M Balp, N Lopes, H Tian, J Vietri, L F Ensina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971497/psoriatic-arthritis-is-associated-with-a-greater-economic-and-humanistic-burden-among-patients-with-psoriasis-results-from-a-multinational-physician-and-patient-survey
#12
R Romiti, C E Griffiths, S J Jo, E Guevara-Sangines, A Rose, I Gilloteau, T Fox, C Richardson, H Tian, L Naldi, M Augustin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971332/the-humanistic-and-economic-burden-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-with-diarrhoea-ibs-d-by-disease-severity-among-patients-in-the-eu5-region
#13
N M Flores, C Tucker, R T Carson, J L Abel, R Liebert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970917/economic-and-humanistic-benefits-of-maintaining-cognitive-impairment-patients-in-the-early-stage
#14
X Hu, R Wood, E Jones, C M Black, R K Khandker, B M Ambegaonkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970526/accuracy-of-text-processing-tokenisers-for-automated-identification-of-diseases-and-interventions-in-abstracts-of-studies-on-humanistic-and-economic-burden-of-disease
#15
R Challen, A Martin, C Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970502/economic-and-humanistic-impact-assumptions-for-hypoglycemic-events-implications-for-cost-effectiveness-analyses-in-insulin-treated-diabetes
#16
S L Tunis, B Klinkenbijl, C Graham, D Weaver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970465/accuracy-of-natural-language-processing-based-classifiers-for-automated-identification-of-abstracts-of-studies-on-humanistic-and-economic-burden-of-disease
#17
J Krohn, A Martin, C Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965045/a-trial-based-economic-evaluation-comparing-spinal-cord-stimulation-with-best-medical-treatment-in-painful-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy
#18
Rachel Slangen, Catharina G Faber, Nicolaas C Schaper, Elbert A Joosten, Robert T van Dongen, Alfons G Kessels, Maarten van Kleef, Carmen D Dirksen
: The objective was to perform an economic evaluation comparing spinal cord stimulation in combination with best medical treatment (SCS) with best medical treatment (BMT) in painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (PDPN) patients. Alongside a prospective two-center randomized controlled trial, involving 36 PDPN patients with severe lower limb pain, not responding to conventional therapy, an economic evaluation was performed. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) were based on 1) societal costs and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and 2) direct healthcare costs and the number of successfully treated patients, respectively, both with a time horizon of 12 months...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937001/preventive-strategies-and-processes-to-counteract-bullying-in-health-care-settings-focus-group-discussions
#19
Margaretha Strandmark K, GullBritt Rahm, Bodil Wilde Larsson, Gun Nordström, Ingrid Rystedt
The aim of the present study was to explore preventive strategies and processes to counteract bullying in workplaces. Data were collected by individual interviews and focus group discussions at one hospital and two nursing home wards for elderly, a total of 29 participants. In the analysis of the interviews we were inspired by constructivist grounded theory. Persistent work with a humanistic value system by supervisor and coworkers, raising awareness about the bullying problem, strong group collaboration, and conflict management, along with an open atmosphere at the workplace, appears to be imperative for accomplishing a policy of zero tolerance for bullying...
December 12, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936262/-a-mental-health-hygiene-experiment-the-case-of-les-pinceaux-d-or
#20
Hubert Wallot
Many research, notably that of Gene Cohen (2007), have shown positive impact of artistic activities for seniors. In 2006 in Quebec City, three professional painters have created a none lucrative organization called Les Pinceaux d'Or (The Golden Brushes). Its mission is to create a positive experience of painting learning in elderly needing persons. The organization operates in long-term health-care facilities or in low-income housings and day centers. It offers free painting courses to elderly persons referred by local community health centers or community organizations as seniors with psychosocial needs...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
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