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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771100/-people-living-with-chronic-asthma-needs-and-expectations-regarding-the-accompaniment-offered-by-belgian-health-professionals
#1
Jehan Seret, Magali Pirson, Florence Penson, Hélène Lefebvre, Dan Lecocq
INTRODUCTION: Asthma remains a major public health problem, with 300 million people affected worldwide and a low rate of adherence to treatment. CONTEXT: Few authors have considered one of the determinants of asthmatic patients' adherence to treatment : the accompaniment offered by health care professionals. AIM: To describe the expectations and needs of people living with chronic asthma regarding their accompaniment. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative approach with reasoned sampling...
March 2018: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761330/a-review-of-long-term-toxicity-of-antiretroviral-treatment-regimens-and-implications-for-an-aging-population
#2
REVIEW
Anita Chawla, Christina Wang, Cody Patton, Miranda Murray, Yogesh Punekar, Annemiek de Ruiter, Corklin Steinhart
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a chronic infectious disease currently requiring lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART). People living with HIV (PLWH) face an increased risk of comorbidities associated with aging, chronic HIV, and the toxicity arising from long-term ART. A literature review was conducted to identify the most recent evidence documenting toxicities associated with long-term ART, particularly among aging PLWH. In general, PLWH are at a greater risk of developing fractures, osteoporosis, renal and metabolic disorders, central nervous system disorders, cardiovascular disease, and liver disease...
May 14, 2018: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756471/medication-regimen-complexity-measured-by-mrci-a-systematic-review-to-identify-health-outcomes
#3
Vanessa Alves-Conceição, Kérilin Stancine Santos Rocha, Fernanda Vilanova Nascimento Silva, Rafaella Oliveira Santos Silva, Daniel Tenório da Silva, Divaldo Pereira de Lyra-Jr
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review to identify health outcomes related to medication regimen complexity as measured by the Medication Regimen Complexity Index (MRCI) instrument. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Open Thesis, and Web of Science were searched from January 1, 2004, until April 02, 2018, using the following search terms: outcome assessment, drug therapy, and Medication Regimen Complexity Index and their synonyms in different combinations...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754680/-racism-between-representations-of-the-other-and-nursing-practices
#4
Marguerite Cognet
The care environment, renowned for being humanistic and egalitarian, has long remained impenetrable to sociological studies. Surveys, however, reveal another side, where prejudices, unequal treatment and racism in care are expressed. Medicine is itself built on racial categories which still pervade epidemiology and genetics.
May 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744792/development-and-psychometrics-of-a-short-form-pharmaceutical-care-specific-measure-for-quality-of-life
#5
Phantipa Sakthong, Nontapat Sonsa-Ardjit, Pattarin Sukarnjanaset, Wipaporn Munpan, Todsaporn Sangthonganotai
Background The validated patient-reported outcomes measure of pharmaceutical therapy for quality of life (PROMPT-QoL) contains 43-items, and can be too lengthy for some applications. Objectives To develop a brief version called the PROMPT, and test its psychometric properties. Setting Four public hospitals in Bangkok, Thailand. Method Secondary analysis of three databases used to develop and evaluate the original PROMPT-QoL. Items for the short-form PROMPT were selected based on expert and patient evaluations of content and importance, and lack of redundancy...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740787/healthcare-at-the-crossroads-the-need-to-shape-an-organizational-culture-of-humanistic-teaching-and-practice
#6
Elizabeth A Rider, MaryAnn C Gilligan, Lars G Osterberg, Debra K Litzelman, Margaret Plews-Ogan, Amy B Weil, Dana W Dunne, Janet P Hafler, Natalie B May, Arthur R Derse, Richard M Frankel, William T Branch
BACKGROUND: Changes in the organization of medical practice have impeded humanistic practice and resulted in widespread physician burnout and dissatisfaction. OBJECTIVE: To identify organizational factors that promote or inhibit humanistic practice of medicine by faculty physicians. DESIGN: From January 1, 2015, through December 31, 2016, faculty from eight US medical schools were asked to write reflectively on two open-ended questions regarding institutional-level motivators and impediments to humanistic practice and teaching within their organizations...
May 8, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740361/-gold-standards-plurality-and-monocultures-the-need-for-diversity-in-psychotherapy
#7
Falk Leichsenring, Allan Abbass, Mark J Hilsenroth, Patrick Luyten, Thomas Munder, Sven Rabung, Christiane Steinert
For psychotherapy of mental disorders, presently several approaches are available, such as interpersonal, humanistic, systemic, psychodynamic or cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). Pointing to the available evidence, proponents of CBT claim that CBT is the gold standard. Some authors even argue for an integrated CBT-based form of psychotherapy as the only form of psychotherapy. CBT undoubtedly has its strengths and CBT researchers have to be credited for developing and testing treatments for many mental disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723361/the-association-between-psoriasis-and-health-related-quality-of-life-work-productivity-and-healthcare-resource-use-in-brazil
#8
Marco DiBonaventura, André Vicente Esteves de Carvalho, Cacilda da Silva Souza, Haline Bianca Squiassi, Cristina Nunes Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic, immune mediated inflammatory condition that affects a significant amount of the global population. Yet geographic variability in the consequences of psoriasis warrants region-level analyses. OBJECTIVE: The current study contributes to the psoriasis outcomes literature by offering a comprehensive assessment of the humanistic and economic burden in Brazil. METHODS: The 2012 Brazil National Health and Wellness Survey (N=12,000) was used to assess health-related quality of life (Short Form-12, version 2), work productivity, and healthcare resource use associated with experiencing psoriasis vs...
March 2018: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706664/implications-of-debunking-the-critical-positivity-ratio-for-humanistic-psychology-introduction-to-special-issue
#9
Harris L Friedman, Nicholas J L Brown
An extraordinary claim was made by one of the leading researchers within positive psychology, namely, there is a universal-invariant ratio between positive to negative emotions that serves as a unique tipping point between flourishing and languishing in individuals, marriages, organizations, and other human systems across all cultures and times. Known as the "critical positivity ratio," this finding was supposedly derived from the famous Lorenz equation in physics by using the mathematics of nonlinear dynamic systems, and was defined precisely as "2...
May 2018: Journal of Humanistic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705477/evidence-informed-massage-therapy-an-australian-practitioner-perspective
#10
REVIEW
Soo Liang Ooi, Lauren Smith, Sok Cheon Pak
Massage therapy (MT) is the most popular complementary and alternative medicine therapy used by the Australian public. With the growing emphasis by the Australian health authority on evidence-informed healthcare decision-making, there is an increasing demand for massage therapists to move towards the evidence-informed practice (EIP). With MT research gaining significant attention over the last 30 years, clinical evidence exists to support the efficacies of MT on many health conditions, including chronic low back pain...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701934/a-commentary-on-existential-psychopharmacologic-clinical-practice-advocating-a-humanistic-approach-to-the-med-check
#11
S Nassir Ghaemi, Ira D Glick, James M Ellison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686822/exciting-perspectives-for-translational-myology-in-the-abstracts-of-the-2018spring-paduamuscledays-giovanni-salviati-memorial-chapter-i-foreword
#12
Ugo Carraro
Myologists working in Padua (Italy) were able to continue a half-century tradition of studies of skeletal muscles, that started with a research on fever, specifically if and how skeletal muscle contribute to it by burning bacterial toxin. Beside main publications in high-impact-factor journals by Padua myologists, I hope to convince readers (and myself) of the relevance of the editing Basic and Applied Myology (BAM), retitled from 2010 European Journal of Translational Myology (EJTM), of the institution of the Interdepartmental Research Center of Myology of the University of Padova (CIR-Myo), and of a long series of International Conferences organized in Euganei Hills and Padova, that is, the PaduaMuscleDays...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676687/christopher-hitchens-public-dying-toward-a-secular-humanist-ars-moriendi
#13
Michael Brennan
This article explores the public dying of journalist, writer, provocateur, public intellectual, and renowned atheist, Christopher Hitchens. It does so primarily through an analysis of television interviews given by Hitchens following his diagnosis with esophageal cancer in June 2010. Four key themes are identified as emerging from analysis of the interviews: (a) Hitchens' explicit sense of mission in challenging myths and superstitions surrounding cancer, dying, and death; (b) the personal experience of terminal illness and dying and the particular way (or style of dying) by which it is approached; (c) issues of regret and a life well lived; and (d) questions surrounding religion, the afterlife, and possibility of deathbed conversion...
June 2018: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669723/nhs-s-first-humanist-chaplain-five-minutes-with-lindsay-van-dijk
#14
Eliza Slawther
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624704/implementation-science-to-advance-care-delivery-a-primer-for-pharmacists-and-other-health-professionals
#15
Melanie Livet, Stuart T Haines, Geoff M Curran, Terry Seaton, Caryn Ward, Todd Sorensen, Mary Roth McClurg
There is increasing pressure within healthcare to implement evidence-based interventions that improve quality, control costs, and maximize value. Unfortunately, many clinical services and interventions to optimize medication use do not consistently produce the intended humanistic, clinical, and economic outcomes. The lack of conclusive results is believed to stem from the widely recognized research-to-practice gap. The field of implementation science seeks to discover and apply strategies designed to accelerate successful integration of interventions into routine practice...
April 6, 2018: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619664/constructing-critical-thinking-in-health-professional-education
#16
Renate Kahlke, Kevin Eva
INTRODUCTION: Calls for enabling 'critical thinking' are ubiquitous in health professional education. However, there is little agreement in the literature or in practice as to what this term means and efforts to generate a universal definition have found limited traction. Moreover, the variability observed might suggest that multiplicity has value that the quest for universal definitions has failed to capture. In this study, we sought to map the multiple conceptions of critical thinking in circulation in health professional education to understand the relationships and tensions between them...
April 4, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616577/collaborative-group-testing-improves-learning-and-knowledge-retention-of-human-physiology-topics-in-second-year-medical-students
#17
Mario Vázquez-García
The present study examined the relationship between second-year medical students' group performance and individual performance in a collaborative-learning environment. In recent decades, university professors in the scientific and humanistic disciplines have successfully put into practice different modalities of collaborative approaches to teaching. Essentially, collaborative approach refers to a variety of techniques that involves the joint intellectual effort of a small group of students, which encourages interaction and discussion among students and professors...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614190/the-value-of-peer-mentorship-as-an-educational-strategy-in-nursing
#18
Tannis Andersen, Kathy Watkins
BACKGROUND: The emphasis of this article is to provide nursing instructors with a valuable educational strategy grounded in andragogical principles for reflection and implementation in their educational practice. METHOD: An expository review of the value of peer mentorship as an educational strategy that fits within the humanistic adult education philosophy and social constructivism theory was conducted. RESULTS: The value in peer mentorship is greatest for nursing students as mentors and mentees, predominantly in encouraging self-directed learning, building relationships, providing emotional and educational support, and developing collaboration and leadership skills...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609050/poisoning-histories-in-the-italian-renaissance-the-case-of-pico-della-mirandola-and-angelo-poliziano
#19
Gianni Gallello, Elisabetta Cilli, Fulvio Bartoli, Massimo Andretta, Lucio Calcagnile, Agustin Pastor, Miguel de la Guardia, Patrizia Serventi, Alberto Marino, Stefano Benazzi, Giorgio Gruppioni
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola and Angelo Poliziano were two of the most important humanists of the Italian Renaissance. They died suddenly in 1494 and their deaths have been for centuries a subject of debate. The exhumation of their remains offered the opportunity to study the cause of their death through a multidisciplinary research project. Anthropological analyses, together with documentary evidences, radiocarbon dating and ancient DNA analysis supported the identification of the remains attributed to Pico...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595345/respira-project-humanistic-and-economic-burden-of-asthma-in-brazil
#20
Jose Eduardo Delfini Cançado, Marcio Penha, Shaloo Gupta, Vicky W Li, Guilherme Silva Julian, Eloisa de Sá Moreira
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of asthma on health-related quality of life (QoL), productivity, and use of healthcare resources among adults in Brazil. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 2015 Brazil National Health and Wellness Survey, a cross-sectional survey with 12,000 adult respondents. Asthma and control groups were compared with respect to health-related QoL, asthma control, work productivity, and adherence. Generalized linear models were developed to compare asthma-related associations controlling for potential confounding factors...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
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