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Foot and ankle trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763252/charcot-foot-clinical-clues-diagnostic-strategies-and-treatment-principles
#1
Valerie S Marmolejo, Jonathan F Arnold, Mario Ponticello, Charles A Anderson
Acute Charcot neuroarthropathy of the foot and ankle is often difficult to diagnose because of limited findings in the patient history, physical examination, imaging, and laboratory studies. Delay in treatment results in the development of rigid foot and ankle deformities, increasing the risk of ulceration, infection, and major lower extremity amputation. Acute Charcot neuroarthropathy should be suspected in any patient 40 years or older with obesity and peripheral neuropathy who presents with an acutely swollen foot following minimal or no recalled trauma and who reports minimal to no pain, particularly if radiography and laboratory markers of infection are normal...
May 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746363/lower-extremity-fractures-in-hospitalized-pediatric-patients-following-road-traffic-accidents
#2
Shay Tenenbaum, Jason T Bariteau, Ofir Chechik, Adi Givon, Kobi Peleg, Ran Thein
Lower extremity fractures (LEFs) caused by road traffic accidents (RTAs) can result in significant morbidity and account for a substantial part of nonfatal injuries requiring hospitalization. This study investigated the epidemiology of RTA-associated LEFs in the pediatric population. Based on the National Trauma Registry, data of 28,924 RTA hospitalized pediatric patients were reviewed. Data were analyzed according to LEF mechanism of injury, age distribution, fracture types, associated injuries, surgical treatment, and their interrelations...
May 5, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696322/-minimally-invasive-cheilectomy
#3
REVIEW
M Walther, P Chomej, S Kriegelstein, S Altenberger, A Röser
OBJECTIVES: Treatment of hallux rigidus by minimally invasive resection of the dorsal osteophytes, synovectomy and resection of the dorsal part of the metatarsal head. INDICATIONS: Hallux rigidus grades II and III CONTRAINDICATIONS: End-stage osteoarthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint with beginning ankylosis. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Osteophytes around the metatarsophalangeal joint are removed using a 1 cm incision dorsomedial, approximately 3 cm proximal of the joint space...
April 25, 2018: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696318/microfracture-provides-better-clinical-results-than-debridement-in-the-treatment-of-acute-talar-osteochondral-lesions-using-arthroscopic-assisted-fixation-of-acute-ankle-fractures
#4
Altuğ Duramaz, Emre Baca
PURPOSE: Ankle arthroscopy is a useful tool for detection and treatment of accompanying intraarticular pathologies in acute ankle fractures. The purpose of this study was to compare the treatment results of talus osteochondral lesions (OLT) with debridement and microfracture in arthroscopy assisted surgery of acute ankle fractures. METHODS: Eleven consecutive patients who were treated with arthroscopic acute debridement and 14 consecutive patients who were treated with arthroscopic acute microfracture in the treatment of ankle fracture were included in the study...
April 25, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673398/assessment-of-orthotic-needs-in-iranian-veterans-with-ankle-and-foot-disorders
#5
Kamiar Ghoseiri, Mostafa Allami, Mohammad Reza Soroush
BACKGROUND: War-related traumas can lead to orthopedic and neurological disorders in victims. However, the scope of such disorders may expand months or even years after the trauma. Orthotic treatment as a rehabilitation process aims to enable people with disabilities to reach and maintain their optimal physical, sensory, intellectual, psychological, and social functional levels. This study aimed to investigate the rate of using orthoses among Iranian veterans with neuromuscular and skeletal disorders of the ankle and foot...
April 20, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628697/seasonal-variation-in-orthopedic-trauma-patients-an-experience-from-central-india
#6
Rajeev Shukla, Nikhil Jain, Utkarsh Agarwal, Tanveer Sheikh, Ravikant Jain
Objectives: This study aims to determine the various epidemiological factors responsible for orthopedic trauma cases: how do weather patterns, month, season and public working schedule influence the daily frequency of orthopedic trauma. Material and methods: This was a descriptive study performed in the Department of Orthopedics at a tertiary care centre in central India Participants: 7980 trauma cases reported in our study period. Study variables: Demographic characteristics of the cases, time, day, the month of injury and type of trauma and cause of trauma...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602782/kite-surfing-epidemiology-of-trauma
#7
Lisa Dunne, Evelyn Murphy, Peter Hugh Dawson, Michael Leonard
Kite surfing has become an increasingly popular recreational activity worldwide. Thrill seekers can span the water at high speeds and reach great heights risking injury and death. We report the case of a young kite surfer who sustained a fracture dislocation of the right acetabulum that required specialised surgical management. We present this case with a review of the literature outlining the incidence of pelvic and acetabular fractures in the kitesurfing community. Overall, there is a low incidence of pelvic fractures in comparison with other orthopaedic traumas reported among kite surfers, and the most commonly injured sites are the foot and ankle...
March 29, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578418/-transosseous-osteosynthesis-of-lower-extremities-bones-fractures-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-in-the-treatment-period
#8
A Dyusupov, A Dyusupov, E Manarbekov, A Bukatov, A Serikbaev
The aim of the study is a comparative analysis of the quality of life in the treatment of fractures of the bones of the lower extremities of various localizations using transosseous and submerged osteosynthesis. We examined 397 patients with injuries of the lower segment of the lower extremity (patellar fractures - 81, multiple bones fractures of the tibia - 84 and fractures of the ankles, accompanied by a dislocation of the foot - 232). Patients were distributed in the subgroups depending on the treatment...
February 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503136/foot-and-ankle-osteoid-osteomas
#9
Volkan Gurkan, Ozgur Erdogan
Foot and ankle osteoid osteomas (OOs) are often cancellous or subperiosteal and rarely present with a periosteal reaction. Additionally, the large number of disorders included in the differential diagnosis and the nonspecific findings on radiographs complicate the diagnosis. We performed a manual search of the senior surgeon's hospitals' operating room records for the terms "benign bone tumor," "foot," "ankle," and "osteoid osteoma" from January 2003 until December 2014...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503135/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-symptomatic-venous-thromboembolic-events-in-foot-and-ankle-trauma-the-need-for-stratification-in-thromboprophylaxis
#10
Jose A Blanco, Gemma Slater, Jitendra Mangwani
The incidence of venous thromboembolic (VTE) events (deep vein thrombophlebitis [DVT] or pulmonary embolism [PE]) in foot and ankle trauma has been low, and the risk/benefit ratio associated with chemoprophylaxis is controversial. We compared the 90-day incidence of VTE events in 3 cohorts: group 1, tendo-Achillis (TA) ruptures managed with full weightbearing in a walker boot; group 2, ankle fractures immobilized non-weightbearing in a below-the-knee cast; and group 3, ankle fractures managed surgically, followed by non-weightbearing in a below-the-knee cast...
May 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498192/accuracy-of-digital-radiography-regional-scaling-factors-for-trauma
#11
David Drynan, Milford McArthur, Ashray Vohora, Darren Hinton, Grant Menegon, Matthew P R Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Surgical planning in trauma is essential for optimal patient care and best patient outcomes. Digital radiography has improved the availability, convenience and access to radiographs worldwide as used in every trauma centre in Australia. One shortcoming, however, is the variability in magnification error associated with different anatomic regions. Accurate assessment of radiographs is paramount to proper surgical planning. METHODS: A retrospective review of 513 post-operative trauma radiographs of implants at a single centre, collected from January 2015 to August 2016, was measured by the four individual investigators...
April 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482795/advanced-techniques-in-the-management-of-foot-and-ankle-trauma
#12
EDITORIAL
Justin J Fleming
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482794/advanced-techniques-in-the-management-of-foot-and-ankle-trauma
#13
EDITORIAL
Thomas J Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482790/arthroscopic-assisted-open-reduction-internal-fixation
#14
REVIEW
Graham A Hamilton, Matthew D Doyle, Francesca M Castellucci-Garza
The indications for arthroscopy have expanded over the years. Arthroscopic-assisted open reduction internal fixation in the setting of acute trauma is gaining popularity with foot and ankle surgeons. It serves to facilitate direct visualization of fracture fragments and allows for precise articular reduction with minimal soft tissue insult. Current evidence reports a high incidence of chondral injury with ankle fractures. Arthroscopy performed at the time of open reduction internal fixation allows for joint inspection and potential treatment of these posttraumatic defects...
April 2018: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413769/does-thromboprophylaxis-reduce-symptomatic-venous-thromboembolism-in-patients-with-below-knee-cast-treatment-for-foot-and-ankle-trauma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Ben A Hickey, Ultan Watson, Andrew Cleves, Raza Alikhan, Neil Pugh, Len Nokes, Anthony Perera
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to determine the evidence for thromboprophylaxis for prevention of symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) in adults with foot or ankle trauma treated with below knee cast or splint. Our secondary aim was to report major bleeding events. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched for randomized controlled trials from inception to 1st June 2015. RESULTS: Seven studies were included. All focused on low molecular weight heparin (LMWH)...
February 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401094/ultralow-dose-ct-reduction-protocol-for-extremity-fracture-evaluation-is-as-safe-and-effective-as-conventional-ct-an-evaluation-of-quality-outcomes
#16
Sanjit R Konda, Abraham M Goch, Jack Haglin, Kenneth A Egol
OBJECTIVES: To assess clinical and hospital quality outcomes of patients receiving the previously reported Reduced Effective Dose Using Computed Tomography In Orthopaedic Injury (REDUCTION) imaging protocol. DESIGN: Retrospective Chart review. SETTING: Level I Trauma Center and affiliated Tertiary Care Hospital Center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Fifty patients who received this protocol for acute traumatic fracture evaluation and met the inclusion criteria were compared with a cohort of 50 patients matched for age and fracture type who previously received conventional CT scanning for acute traumatic fracture evaluation...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401086/comparing-functional-outcomes-after-injury-specific-fixation-of-posterior-malleolar-fractures-and-equivalent-ligamentous-injuries-in-rotational-ankle-fractures
#17
Ashley E Levack, Stephen J Warner, Elizabeth B Gausden, David L Helfet, Dean G Lorich
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of posterior bony versus ligamentous injury pattern on functional outcomes in operatively treated rotational ankle fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis of prospective registry. SETTING: Academic Level I trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Operatively treated supination external rotation IV and pronation external rotation IV ankle fractures. INTERVENTION: Lateral malleolus plate fixation with either posterior malleolus (PM) plate fixation or posterior inferior tibiofibular ligament (PITFL) repair...
April 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384949/compound-grafting-of-residual-vascularized-fibular-head-flap-to-reconstruct-contralateral-lateral-malleolus-a-case-report
#18
Peiji Wang, Man-Yi Cui, Jiaju Zhao, Jun Lv
RATIONALE: Serious external ankle injuries caused by high-energy trauma are often associated not only with bone defect but also with a loss of skin and soft tissue that seriously affects ankle function. Therefore, it is particularly important to reconstruct the external ankle. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a 64-year-old man with destructive injury of both lower extremities due to a machine accident. His left ankle and heel bone, along with the soft tissue, were torn off, and the peripheral blood supply and sensation to the toes of the left foot were lost concerns...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376199/prophylactic-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-after-lower-extremity-fracture-surgery-a-pilot-study
#19
Siem A Dingemans, Merel F N Birnie, Manouk Backes, Vincent M de Jong, Jan S Luitse, J Carel Goslings, Tim Schepers
PURPOSE: Infectious complications following lower extremity fracture surgery are a major concern and account for a substantial socio-economic burden to society. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the feasibility of a new portable single-use negative pressure wound therapy device in patients undergoing major foot ankle surgery. METHODS: Patients undergoing major foot ankle fracture surgery at a single level 1 trauma centre were eligible for this prospective case series...
April 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350644/talar-fractures-radiological-and-ct-evaluation-and-classification-systems
#20
Giuseppe Caracchini, Michele Pietragalla, Alioscia De Renzis, Michele Galluzzo, Mattia Carbone, Marcello Zappia, Anna Russo, Federico Greco, Vittorio Miele
INTRODUCTION: The talus is the second largest bone of the foot. It is fundamental to ensure normal ankle-foot movements as it connects the leg and the foot. Talar fractures are usually due to high energy traumas (road accidents, high level falls). They are not common as they account for 3-5% of ankle and foot fractures and 0.85% of all body fractures. However, talar fractures not correctly diagnosed and treated can lead to avascular necrosis of the astragalus, pseudoarthrosis, early osteoarthrisis and ankle instability, declining the quality of life of patients...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
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