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Foot and ankle trauma

Volkan Gurkan, Ozgur Erdogan
Foot and ankle osteoid osteomas (OOs) are often cancellous or subperiosteal and rarely present with a periosteal reaction. Additionally, the large number of disorders included in the differential diagnosis and the nonspecific findings on radiographs complicate the diagnosis. We performed a manual search of the senior surgeon's hospitals' operating room records for the terms "benign bone tumor," "foot," "ankle," and "osteoid osteoma" from January 2003 until December 2014...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Jose A Blanco, Gemma Slater, Jitendra Mangwani
The incidence of venous thromboembolic (VTE) events (deep vein thrombophlebitis [DVT] or pulmonary embolism [PE]) in foot and ankle trauma has been low, and the risk/benefit ratio associated with chemoprophylaxis is controversial. We compared the 90-day incidence of VTE events in 3 cohorts: group 1, tendo-Achillis (TA) ruptures managed with full weightbearing in a walker boot; group 2, ankle fractures immobilized non-weightbearing in a below-the-knee cast; and group 3, ankle fractures managed surgically, followed by non-weightbearing in a below-the-knee cast...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
David Drynan, Milford McArthur, Ashray Vohora, Darren Hinton, Grant Menegon, Matthew P R Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Surgical planning in trauma is essential for optimal patient care and best patient outcomes. Digital radiography has improved the availability, convenience and access to radiographs worldwide as used in every trauma centre in Australia. One shortcoming, however, is the variability in magnification error associated with different anatomic regions. Accurate assessment of radiographs is paramount to proper surgical planning. METHODS: A retrospective review of 513 post-operative trauma radiographs of implants at a single centre, collected from January 2015 to August 2016, was measured by the four individual investigators...
March 1, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Justin J Fleming
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Thomas J Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Graham A Hamilton, Matthew D Doyle, Francesca M Castellucci-Garza
The indications for arthroscopy have expanded over the years. Arthroscopic-assisted open reduction internal fixation in the setting of acute trauma is gaining popularity with foot and ankle surgeons. It serves to facilitate direct visualization of fracture fragments and allows for precise articular reduction with minimal soft tissue insult. Current evidence reports a high incidence of chondral injury with ankle fractures. Arthroscopy performed at the time of open reduction internal fixation allows for joint inspection and potential treatment of these posttraumatic defects...
April 2018: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Ben A Hickey, Ultan Watson, Andrew Cleves, Raza Alikhan, Neil Pugh, Len Nokes, Anthony Perera
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to determine the evidence for thromboprophylaxis for prevention of symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) in adults with foot or ankle trauma treated with below knee cast or splint. Our secondary aim was to report major bleeding events. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched for randomized controlled trials from inception to 1st June 2015. RESULTS: Seven studies were included. All focused on low molecular weight heparin (LMWH)...
February 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Sanjit Reddy Konda, Abraham Michael Goch, Jack Haglin, Kenneth Andrew Egol
OBJECTIVES: To assess clinical and hospital quality outcomes of patients receiving the previously reported Reduced Effective Dose Using Computed Tomography In Orthopaedic iNjury (REDUCTION) imaging protocol. DESIGN: Retrospective Chart review SETTING:: Level I Trauma Center and affiliated Tertiary Care Hospital CenterPatients/Participants: fifty patients who received this protocol for acute traumatic fracture evaluation and met inclusion criteria were compared to a cohort of fifty patients matched for age and fracture type who previously received conventional CT scanning for acute traumatic fracture evaluation...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Ashley E Levack, Stephen J Warner, Elizabeth B Gausden, David L Helfet, Dean G Lorich
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of posterior bony versus ligamentous injury pattern on functional outcomes in operatively treated rotational ankle fractures DESIGN:: Retrospective cohort analysis of prospective registry SETTING:: Academic level I trauma center PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS:: Operatively treated supination external rotation (SER) IV and pronation external rotation (PER) IV ankle fractures INTERVENTION:: Lateral malleolus plate fixation with either posterior malleolus (PM) plate fixation or posterior inferior tibiofibular ligament (PITFL) repair MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:: Foot and ankle outcome scores (FAOS) at minimum 12 months post-operatively RESULTS:: 178 fractures were treated with injury-specific anatomic fixation of a PM fracture (n=122) or torn PITFL (n=56)...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Peiji Wang, Man-Yi Cui, Jiaju Zhao, Jun Lv
RATIONALE: Serious external ankle injuries caused by high-energy trauma are often associated not only with bone defect but also with a loss of skin and soft tissue that seriously affects ankle function. Therefore, it is particularly important to reconstruct the external ankle. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a 64-year-old man with destructive injury of both lower extremities due to a machine accident. His left ankle and heel bone, along with the soft tissue, were torn off, and the peripheral blood supply and sensation to the toes of the left foot were lost concerns...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Siem A Dingemans, Merel F N Birnie, Manouk Backes, Vincent M de Jong, Jan S Luitse, J Carel Goslings, Tim Schepers
PURPOSE: Infectious complications following lower extremity fracture surgery are a major concern and account for a substantial socio-economic burden to society. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the feasibility of a new portable single-use negative pressure wound therapy device in patients undergoing major foot ankle surgery. METHODS: Patients undergoing major foot ankle fracture surgery at a single level 1 trauma centre were eligible for this prospective case series...
January 29, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Giuseppe Caracchini, Michele Pietragalla, Alioscia De Renzis, Michele Galluzzo, Mattia Carbone, Marcello Zappia, Anna Russo, Federico Greco, Vittorio Miele
INTRODUCTION: The talus is the second largest bone of the foot. It is fundamental to ensure normal ankle-foot movements as it connects the leg and the foot. Talar fractures are usually due to high energy traumas (road accidents, high level falls). They are not common as they account for 3-5% of ankle and foot fractures and 0.85% of all body fractures. However, talar fractures not correctly diagnosed and treated can lead to avascular necrosis of the astragalus, pseudoarthrosis, early osteoarthrisis and ankle instability, declining the quality of life of patients...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Maxwell W Weinberg, Nicola Krähenbühl, Nathan P Davidson, Christopher J Hanrahan, Alexej Barg
Avulsion fractures of the first metatarsal (MT1) base at the peroneus longus (PL) tendon attachment are rare and may be undiagnosed during an emergency visit. If the injury is not treated properly, chronic pain or persistent impairment for inversion and plantar-flexion of the first ray may occur. This case report presents a 30-year-old woman who presented 10 weeks post trauma to a foot and ankle surgeon due to a swollen right midfoot with diffuse tenderness over the medial Lisfranc joint. Further evaluation showed an isolated avulsion fracture of the first metatarsal, which was undiagnosed during the emergent visit following the accident...
January 11, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
C Putz, S Hagmann, T Dreher
CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Foot pain is in the case of long-term congenital, acquired or posttraumatic foot deformities a relevant clinical problem. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: On the basis of the clinical findings and the orthopaedic question, radiographs of the foot while standing in two planes are supplemented by radiographs of the ankle in an anterior-posterior plane. The imaging diagnostics of the foot are based on the conventional X‑ray diagnostic workup and becomes even more precise and differentiated by the possibility of intersecting imaging procedures...
January 9, 2018: Der Radiologe
Mun Chun Lai, Inderjeet Singh Rikhraj, Yew Lok Woo, William Yeo, Yung Chuan Sean Ng, Kevin Koo
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgeries have gained popularity due to less soft tissue trauma and better wound healing. To date, limited studies have compared the outcomes of percutaneous and open osteotomies. This study aims to investigate the clinical and radiological outcomes of percutaneous chevron-Akin osteotomies vs open scarf-Akin osteotomies at 24-month follow-up. METHOD: We reviewed a prospectively collected database in a tertiary hospital hallux valgus registry...
December 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
G González-Lucena, D Pérez-Prieto, A López-Alcover, A Ginés-Cespedosa
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the differences in the management of ankle fractures between orthopaedic/trauma surgeons and foot and ankle specialists. MATERIAL AND METHOD: An e-mail survey was performed asking some of the country's orthopaedic surgeons controversial questions regarding the analysis of 5 clinical cases of different ankle fractures. RESULTS: Seventy-two surgeons responded to the questionnaire (response rate of 24.2%): 37 foot and ankle specialists and 35 non-specialist orthopaedic surgeons...
January 2018: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
Pablo Renovell-Ferrer, Xavier Bertó-Martí, José Diranzo-García, Luis Barrera-Puigdorells, Vicente Estrems-Díaz, Antonio Silvestre-Muñoz, Antonio Brú-Pomer
BACKGROUND: Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACFs) can have long-term consequences in terms of foot pain and disability. This injury frequently occurs in the context of polytrauma patients and its influence in long-term functional prognosis is well known. The purpose of this study is to compare the etiology, severity, and functional outcome of the operated DIACFs between polytrauma patients and isolated cases. METHODS: Eighty-six patients with operated displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures through open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) were managed at our institution between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2015...
November 2017: Injury
A Siebe De Boer, Duncan E Meuffels, Cornelis H Van der Vlies, P Ted Den Hoed, Wim E Tuinebreijer, Michael H J Verhofstad, Esther M M Van Lieshout
OBJECTIVES: The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Ankle-Hindfoot Scale is among the most used questionnaires for measuring functional recovery after a hindfoot injury. Recently, this instrument was translated and culturally adapted into a Dutch version. In this study, the measurement properties of the Dutch language version (DLV) were investigated in patients with a unilateral hindfoot fracture. DESIGN: Multicentre, prospective observational study...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
J Mason DePasse, Alan H Daniels, Wesley Durand, Brandon Kingrey, John Prodromo, Mary K Mulcahey
Orthopedic surgeons have become increasingly subspecialized, and recent studies have shown that American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) Step II applicants are performing a higher percentage of their cases within their chosen subspecialties. However, these studies focused exclusively on surgeons who have completed a single fellowship; little data exist on those who pursue a second fellowship. All applicants to the ABOS Part II examination from 2004 to 2016 were classified by their self-reported fellowship training history using the ABOS Part II examination database...
November 11, 2017: Orthopedics
Yalkın Çamurcu, Hakan Sofu, Ahmet Issın, Nizamettin Koçkara, Erdinç Genç, Mehmet Çetinkaya
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare the results of talon tibial intramedullary (IM) nailing with the results of conventional distal locked tibial IM nailing. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 60 patients (37 males, 23 females; mean age 42.2 years; range 18 to 92 years) who underwent tibial IM nailing with the diagnosis of unilateral, closed or open (Gustilo-Anderson type 1) tibial diaphyseal fracture (Orthopaedic Trauma Association 42) between January 2013 and January 2016...
December 2017: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
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