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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775977/-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-fracture-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine
#1
Hartmut Bork, Stefan Simmel, Eckhardt Böhle, Ulrich Ernst, Klaus Fischer, Bernd Fromm, Jean-Jacques Glaesener, Bernhard Greitemann, P Krause, S Panning, V Pullwitt, J Schmidt, Andreas Veihelmann, Lutz Vogt
On the basis of the S2-k guideline "Rehabilitation after traumatic fractures of the thoracic und lumbar spine without neurologic disorder", this article gives an overview of target-oriented rehabilitation of patients with minor fractures or those with column stability and unstable spinal fractures which are stabilised by surgery. To obtain early social and job related reintegration, outpatient or inpatient rehabilitation has to start immediately after treatment in hospital. Rehabilitation must be orientated towards the biopsychosocial model of ICF and has to be adapted for the patient...
May 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769106/peer-mentor-versus-teacher-delivery-of-a-physical-activity-program-on-the-effects-of-bmi-and-daily-activity-protocol-of-a-school-based-group-randomized-controlled-trial-in-appalachia
#2
Laureen H Smith, Rick L Petosa, Abigail Shoben
BACKGROUND: Rural Appalachian populations have poorer health and fewer positive health-related behaviors compared to other United States populations. Appalachians are the most sedentary U.S. population and teens are particularly sedentary. Obesity prevention through improving physical activity is a top priority in Rural Healthy People 2020. Obesity prevalence among Appalachian teens exceeds the national rates of 13.9% and has consistently been greater than 26%. Organized sports has not been effective at improving daily physical activity or health outcomes for Appalachian teens...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766628/health-professional-student-education-related-to-the-prevention-of-falls-in-older-people-a-survey-of-universities-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#3
Esther Vance, Melanie K Farlie, Bridget Kool, Anne Tiedemann, Anna L Hatton, Catherine Sherrington, Daina L Sturnieks
OBJECTIVE: To determine the amount and nature of health professional education related to fall prevention for older adults in Australian and New Zealand universities. METHODS: Universities offering medicine, nursing and allied health courses were invited to complete an online survey enquiring about fall prevention course-related information: topics; delivery mode; and time dedicated. RESULTS: One hundred and five respondents, 11 disciplines and 43 universities completed the survey...
May 15, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765206/cross-cultural-validation-of-the-educational-needs-assessment-tool-into-chinese-for-use-in-severe-knee-osteoarthritis
#4
Huiwen Zhao, Zhe Dong, Fei Xie, Guanxin Wang, Zhihua Wen, Lixia Zhang, Mwidimi Ndosi, Wen Luo
Background: Patient education is an integral part of the management of osteoarthritis. The educational needs assessment tool (ENAT) was developed in the UK to help direct needs-based patient education in rheumatic diseases. Aim: The aim of the study was to adapt and validate the ENAT into Chinese, for use in severe knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Methods: This cross-cultural validation study took two phases: 1) adaptation of the ENAT into Chinese (CENAT) and 2) validation of the CENAT...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764637/association-between-physical-activity-and-grade-point-average-among-a-cohort-of-pharmacy-students-in-didactic-years
#5
Qingqing Xu, Sujit S Sansgiry
INTRODUCTION: The physical activity (PA) behavior and its association with academic performance has not been examined among professional pharmacy (PharmD) students in didactic years. METHODS: A survey was administered to a cohort of PharmD students at University of Houston that collected information related to each student's PA and grade point average (GPA). Correlation analyses and multiple regression were performed to evaluate factors associated with GPA. RESULTS: The response rate was 58...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764409/quadriceps-combined-with-hip-abductor-strengthening-versus-quadriceps-strengthening-in-treating-knee-osteoarthritis-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Yujie Xie, Chi Zhang, Wei Jiang, Juan Huang, Lili Xu, Guoyin Pang, Haiyan Tang, Ruyan Chen, Jihua Yu, Shengmin Guo, Fangyuan Xu, Jianxiong Wang
BACKGROUND: Lower limb strengthening, especially the quadriceps training, is of much necessity for patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Previous studies suggest that strengthening of the hip muscles, especially the hip abductor, can potentially relieve the KOA-associated symptoms. Nevertheless, the effects of quadriceps combined with hip abductor strengthening remain unclear. Therefore, the current randomized controlled trial is designed aiming to observe whether quadriceps in combination with hip abductor strengthening can better improve the function and reduce pain in KOA patients than quadriceps training alone...
May 15, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764393/telerehabilitation-versus-traditional-centre-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-people-with-chronic-respiratory-disease-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Narelle S Cox, Christine F McDonald, Jennifer A Alison, Ajay Mahal, Richard Wootton, Catherine J Hill, Janet Bondarenko, Heather Macdonald, Paul O'Halloran, Paolo Zanaboni, Ken Clarke, Deidre Rennick, Kaye Borgelt, Angela T Burge, Aroub Lahham, Bruna Wageck, Hayley Crute, Pawel Czupryn, Amanda Nichols, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation is an effective therapeutic intervention for people with chronic respiratory disease. However, fewer than 5% of eligible individuals receive pulmonary rehabilitation on an annual basis, largely due to limited availability of services and difficulties associated with travel and transport. The Rehabilitation Exercise At Home (REAcH) study is an assessor-blinded, multi-centre, randomised controlled equivalence trial designed to compare the efficacy of home-based telerehabilitation and traditional centre-based pulmonary rehabilitation in people with chronic respiratory disease...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761708/the-potential-of-interprofessional-education-to-translate-physiology-curricula-effectively-into-future-team-based-healthcare
#8
Scott Edwards, Patricia E Molina, Kathleen H McDonough, Donald E Mercante, Tina Patel Gunaldo
Incorporating active interprofessional education (IPE) opportunities into the classroom setting is a potentially effective mechanism to enhance student learning both in the basic sciences and for future interprofessional collaboration. We integrated an IPE exercise into a graduate-level human physiology course at our health sciences center that enrolled physician assistant (PA), physical therapy (PT), and graduate studies students. Our activity adopted and targeted the four Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC) competency domains of values/ethics (VE), roles/responsibilities, interprofessional communication, and teams and teamwork (TT)...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761589/prevalence-and-effect-factors-of-dementia-among-the-community-elderly-in-chongqing-china
#9
Jing Deng, Cheng Cao, Yi Jiang, Bin Peng, Tingting Wang, Ke Yan, Jingxi Lian, Zengzi Wang
BACKGROUND: China is an ageing society, with around 150 million people aged 60 years or older. The prevalence of dementia will increase by more than 100% in the coming 20 years. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and effects of dementia among the community elderly in Chongqing, China. METHODS: Cluster sampling was adopted. A sample of elderly individuals aged 60 years and older was extracted as research subjects from three counties within Chongqing, China...
May 14, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760878/chiropractic-treatment-including-instrument-assisted-manipulation-for-non-specific-dizziness-and-neck-pain-in-community-dwelling-older-people-a-feasibility-randomised-sham-controlled-trial
#10
Julie C Kendall, Simon D French, Jan Hartvigsen, Michael F Azari
Background: Dizziness in older people is a risk factor for falls. Neck pain is associated with dizziness and responds favourably to neck manipulation. However, it is unknown if chiropractic intervention including instrument-assisted manipulation of the neck in older people with neck pain can also improve dizziness. Methods: This parallel two-arm pilot trial was conducted in Melbourne, Australia over nine months (October 2015 to June 2016). Participants aged 65-85 years, with self-reported chronic neck pain and dizziness, were recruited from the general public through advertisements in local community newspapers and via Facebook...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760770/mental-health-literacy-knowledge-of-depression-among-undergraduate-students-in-hanoi-vietnam
#11
Quynh Chi Nguyen Thai, Thanh Huong Nguyen
Background: Mental health literacy (MHL) refers to an individuals' knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid their recognition, management, and prevention. This study aims to investigate the MHL of depression among public health and sociology undergraduate students in Hanoi, Vietnam. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out from May to September 2015. Data was collected using an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire distributed to 350 undergraduate students (213 public health majors; 137 sociology majors)...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758006/multi-touch-tabletop-system-using-infrared-image-recognition-for-user-position-identification
#12
Shota Suto, Toshiya Watanabe, Susumu Shibusawa, Masaru Kamada
A tabletop system can facilitate multi-user collaboration in a variety of settings, including small meetings, group work, and education and training exercises. The ability to identify the users touching the table and their positions can promote collaborative work among participants, so methods have been studied that involve attaching sensors to the table, chairs, or to the users themselves. An effective method of recognizing user actions without placing a burden on the user would be some type of visual process, so the development of a method that processes multi-touch gestures by visual means is desired...
May 14, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757825/self-efficacy-predicts-success-in-an-exercise-training-only-model-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-people-with-copd
#13
Felicity C Blackstock, Kate E Webster, Christine F McDonald, Catherine J Hill
PURPOSE: To determine whether people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have characteristics that predict a clinically meaningful response to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) that includes an education component compared with exercise training alone. METHODS: Participants were classified as responders or nonresponders to 2 models of PR; exercise training and education (ET + ED, n = 113) or exercise training alone (ET, n = 85). Responders were defined as those who achieved a clinically meaningful change in 6-min walk distance (6MWD) or any of the 4 domains of the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ)...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757444/physical-activity-sedentary-time-and-associated-factors-in-recipients-of-solid-organ-transplantation
#14
Edwin J van Adrichem, Rienk Dekker, Wim P Krijnen, Erik A M Verschuuren, Pieter U Dijkstra, Cees P van der Schans
Background: Short-term survival after solid-organ transplantation has substantially improved, and the focus has shifted to long-term survival, including the role of physical activity (PA). Knowledge about PA and sedentary time in recipients of solid-organ transplantation is limited, and identification of the levels and associated factors is necessary for intervention development. Objective: The objectives of this study were to investigate the level of PA and sedentary time in recipients of solid-organ transplantation and to identify factors associated with these behaviors...
May 10, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756487/evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-loneliness-and-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Dilek Kusaslan Avci
Objective The emotional status of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) is important in the course of treatment. The present study aimed to determine the level of loneliness among patients with DM and to evaluate the relationship between the patients' level of loneliness and medication adherence. Method This cross-sectional study used a semi-structured questionnaire and the University of California, Los Angeles Loneliness Scale to collect data from 325 patients who were diagnosed with DM. Results We found that loneliness scores were significantly elevated in individuals with a low level of education, unmarried individuals, and students...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755757/need-to-improve-awareness-and-treatment-compliance-in-high-risk-patients-for-diabetic-complications-in-nepal
#16
Raju P Sapkota, Tirthalal Upadhyaya, Govind Gurung, Mike Parker, Rajiv Raman, Shahina Pardhan
Objective/introduction: It is known that knowledge, awareness, and practice influence diabetic control. We compared factors pertaining to healthy lifestyle (exercising, avoiding smoking), self-help (attending appointments, following treatment regimens), and diabetic awareness in high-risk patients for diabetic complications, specifically, those on insulin versus non-insulin treatment, and also those with a longer diabetic duration (≥5 years) versus a shorter duration. Methods: 200 consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes (52...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754811/integrated-exposure-therapy-and-exercise-reduces-fear-of-falling-and-avoidance-in-older-adults-a-randomized-pilot-study
#17
Julie Loebach Wetherell, Emily S Bower, Kristen Johnson, Douglas G Chang, Samuel R Ward, Andrew J Petkus
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and acceptability of a novel 8-week intervention integrating exercise, exposure therapy, cognitive restructuring, and a home safety evaluation, conducted by a physical therapist, in reducing fear of falling and activity avoidance. To collect preliminary evidence of efficacy. DESIGN: Randomized pilot study comparing the intervention to time- and attention-equivalent fall prevention education. SETTING: Participants' homes...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754647/effects-of-a-12-week-mhealth-program-on-peak-vo-2-and-physical-activity-patterns-after-completing-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Brian D Duscha, Lucy W Piner, Mahesh P Patel, Karen P Craig, Morgan Brady, Robert W McGarrah, Connie Chen, William E Kraus
BACKGROUND: Site-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) provides supervised exercise, education and motivation for patients. Graduates of CR have improved exercise tolerance. However, when participation in CR ceases, adherence to regular physical activity often declines, consequently leading to worsening risk factors and clinical events. Therefore, the purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate if a mHealth program could sustain the fitness and physical activity levels gained during CR. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 12-week mHealth program was implemented using physical activity trackers and health coaching...
May 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754467/teaching-treatment-planning-for-protons-with-educational-open-source-software-experience-with-foca-and-matrad
#19
Daniel Sanchez-Parcerisa, Jose Udías
Open-source, MATLAB-based treatment planning systems FoCa and matRAD were used in a pilot project for training prospective medical physicists and postgraduate physics students in treatment planning and beam modeling techniques for proton therapy. In the four exercises designed, students learnt how proton pencil beams are modeled and how dose is calculated in three-dimensional voxelized geometries, how pencil beam scanning plans (PBS) are constructed, the rationale behind the choice of spot spacing in patient plans, and the dosimetric differences between photon IMRT and proton PBS plans...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753804/the-association-between-serum-vitamin-d-level-and-cognitive-function-in-older-adults-cooper-center-longitudinal-study
#20
Andjelka Pavlovic, Katelyn Abel, Carolyn E Barlow, Stephen W Farrell, Myron Weiner, Laura F DeFina
Low blood level of vitamin D and low physical activity have been linked to the development of cognitive impairment in older adults. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between serum vitamin D and cognition as measured via the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in a healthy, older population. The study sample consisted of 4358 patients from the Cooper Clinic in Dallas, TX. All participants underwent a maximal graded exercise test to determine cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). Cognitive impairment was defined as a MoCA score <25...
May 10, 2018: Preventive Medicine
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