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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241215/effectiveness-of-an-internet-delivered-exercise-and-pain-coping-skills-training-intervention-for-persons-with-chronic-knee-pain-a-randomized-trial
#1
Kim L Bennell, Rachel Nelligan, Fiona Dobson, Christine Rini, Francis Keefe, Jessica Kasza, Simon French, Christina Bryant, Andrew Dalwood, J Haxby Abbott, Rana S Hinman
Background: Effective, accessible biopsychosocial treatments are needed to manage chronic knee pain on a population level. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of Internet-delivered, physiotherapist-prescribed home exercise and pain-coping skills training (PCST). Design: Pragmatic parallel-group randomized, controlled trial. (Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN12614000243617). Setting: Community (Australia)...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240583/comparison-of-canadian-and-united-states-predoctoral-dental-implant-education
#2
Christopher A Barwacz, Gustavo Avila-Ortiz, Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Monelle Tamegnon, Kaitlin Hoogeveen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the current status of Canadian predoctoral implant programs in terms of director demographics, curriculum characteristics and preferences in the techniques that are used to teach and carry out implant therapy. We compared the findings to analogous data recently acquired from dental schools in the United States. METHODS: A survey instrument was sent electronically to directors of predoctoral implant programs at all 10 accredited dental schools in Canada...
August 2016: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238705/an-informed-consent-program-enhances-surgery-resident-education
#3
Sarah E Koller, Ryan F Moore, Michael B Goldberg, Jeanette Zhang, Daohai Yu, Charles B Conklin, Richard E Milner, Amy J Goldberg
OBJECTIVE: First-year residents often obtain informed consent from patients. However, they typically receive no formal training in this area before residency. We wished to determine whether an educational program would improve residents' comfort with this process. DESIGN: Our institution created an informed consent educational program, which included a didactic component, a role-play about informed consent, and a simulation exercise using standardized patients. Residents completed surveys before and after the intervention, and responses to survey questions were compared using the signed-rank test...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237746/cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-depressed-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-an-open-trial
#4
José María García-Alberca
BACKGROUND: Depression has a high prevalence among patients with Alzheimer's disease, and it has a significant negative impact on their functioning. However, despite its significant impact and challenge, few treatment outcomes data are available to guide clinical care of depression among this population. We developed a cognitive-behavioral intervention to persons with AD. In this paper, we describe the intervention and results of an open trial evaluating its feasibility and utility. SETTING: Dementia Unit...
February 14, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236606/physical-function-differences-between-the-stages-from-normal-cognition-to-moderate-alzheimer-disease
#5
Chisato Fujisawa, Hiroyuki Umegaki, Kazushi Okamoto, Hirotaka Nakashima, Masafumi Kuzuya, Kenji Toba, Takashi Sakurai
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the differences in the physical function test results across stages from normal cognition (NC) to moderate Alzheimer disease (AD) and how risk factors of physical function decline are correlated with the physical function test results. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of outpatients at the Memory Disorder Outpatient Center of Japan's National Center of Geriatrics and Gerontology. PARTICIPANTS: We enrolled 882 individuals aged ≥65 diagnosed with NC (n = 210), amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI; n = 273), mild AD (n = 181) or moderate AD (n = 197)...
February 21, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230925/not-all-athletes-are-equal-but-don-t-call-me-an-exerciser-response-to-araujo-and-scharhag-2016
#6
Clare MacMahon, Lucy Parrington
Many Olympians and Paralympians would not be called athletes if what dictates this classification is fulfilling the criteria of Araujo and Scharhag (2016). Shelley Watts, Australian amateur boxer and Commonwealth gold medallist undertakes a double degree in law and sports science, something which undoubtedly takes up a considerable number of hours throughout her week (Australian Olympic Committie [AOC], 2016). There are many other athletes in similar positions - College athletes in the United States who are part of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), for example...
February 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230728/optimistic-bias-risk-factors-and-development-of-high-blood-pressure-and-obesity-among-african-american-adolescents-in-mississippi-usa
#7
Monique S White, Clifton C Addison, Brenda W Campbell Jenkins, Vanessa Bland, Adrianne Clark, Donna Antoine LaVigne
Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions and is linked to hypertension among African American youth. Optimistic bias influences behavior of youth causing them to underestimate their susceptibility to negative health outcomes. This study explored adolescent behaviors and prevalence of high blood pressure and obesity in a school district. We examined the relationship between individual health risk practices and optimistic bias on health outcomes; 433 African American high school students were administered a survey and had their obesity and blood pressure measured by the school nurse...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228940/beneficial-effects-of-nonpharmacological-interventions-in-the-management-of-essential-hypertension
#8
REVIEW
Anastasios Vamvakis, Eugenia Gkaliagkousi, Areti Triantafyllou, Eleni Gavriilaki, Stella Douma
Essential hypertension is a major health problem causing excess cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Management of essential hypertension consists of pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions. In order to prevent and/or treat hypertension, parameters like nutrition, body weight, and physical exercise should be evaluated and taken under consideration for improvement. A large body of evidence clearly support that the role of salt, alcohol, fruits, and vegetables is important for high blood pressure...
January 2017: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225512/panlar-presidency-first-self-assessment-report-2014-2016-challenges-opportunities-and-results
#9
Carlos Pineda, Hugo Sandoval, Rosa Sheen, Roberto Muñoz-Louis
We present here the first PANLAR Presidency Self-Assessment Report 2014-2016, emphasizing the challenges, opportunities, and results achieved in terms of (1) governance, (2) education and scientific research, (3) finance, and (4) communications throughout this tenure. The main result must be understood as a strategic planning exercise that strengthened institutional responsibility in policies, decisions, and actions, thanks to the teamwork of Latin America's National Rheumatology Societies, the PANLAR Executive Committee, and PANLAR Board Members...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223854/mohs-surgical-reconstruction-educational-activity-a-resident-education-tool
#10
Julie A Croley, C Helen Malone, Brandon P Goodwin, Linda G Phillips, Eric L Cole, Richard F Wagner
BACKGROUND: Surgical reconstructive planning following Mohs surgery can be a difficult subject for dermatology residents to master. Prior research demonstrates that active learning is preferred and more effective compared to passive learning models and that dermatology residents desire greater complexity and volume in surgical training. We present a novel, active, problem-based learning tool for the education of Mohs reconstruction with the goal of improving residents' ability to plan surgical reconstructions...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222528/comparing-approaches-to-optimize-cut-off-scores-for-short-cognitive-screening-instruments-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#11
Rónán O'Caoimh, Yang Gao, Anton Svendovski, Paul Gallagher, Joseph Eustace, D William Molloy
BACKGROUND: Although required to improve the usability of cognitive screening instruments (CSIs), the use of cut-off scores is controversial yet poorly researched. OBJECTIVE: To explore cut-off scores for two short CSIs: the Standardized Mini-Mental State Examination (SMMSE) and Quick Mild Cognitive Impairment (Qmci) screen, describing adjustments in scores for diagnosis (MCI or dementia), age (≤, >75 years), and education (<, ≥12 years), comparing two methods: the maximal accuracy approach, derived from receiver operating characteristic curves, and Youden's Index...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222175/factors-associated-with-post-diagnosis-pregnancies-in-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-south-of-brazil
#12
Luciana Barcellos Teixeira, Flávia Bulegon Pilecco, Álvaro Vigo, Maria de Lourdes Drachler, José Carlos de Carvalho Leite, Daniela Riva Knauth
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the factors associated with the occurrence of pregnancies after the diagnosis of infection by HIV. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with women of a reproductive age living with HIV/AIDS cared for in the public services of the city of Porto Alegre, in southern Brazil. The data was analyzed from a comparison between two groups: women with and women without pregnancies after the diagnosis of HIV. Poisson regression models were used to estimate the reasons of prevalence (RP)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220343/effects-of-sleep-management-with-self-help-treatment-for-the-japanese-elderly-with-chronic-insomnia-a-quasi-experimental-study
#13
Norihisa Tamura, Hideki Tanaka
This study aimed to determine whether sleep management with self-help treatment is more effective in improving insomnia, compared to a waiting-list control. A total of 51 participants with insomnia, aged ≥60 years, were assigned to two groups: the treatment group or waiting-list control group. Intervention included sleep education, group work, moderately intense exercise, and self-help treatment using a sleep diary for 2 weeks. Participants completed the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI-J) and sleep diaries wearing an activity recorder pre- and post-treatment...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220234/prevalence-of-dieting-and-fear-of-weight-gain-across-ages-a-community-sample-from-adolescents-to-the-elderly
#14
Margarita C T Slof-Op 't Landt, Eric F van Furth, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Meike Bartels, Gonneke Willemsen, Eco J de Geus, Lannie Ligthart, Dorret I Boomsma
OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to define the prevalence of dieting and fear of weight gain among men and women across the entire lifespan and identify factors associated with them. METHODS: Data were available for 31,636 participants (60.2% women; age 13-98 years) from the Netherlands Twin Register. Dieting and fear of weight gain were described by age and sex. Associations with BMI, exercise behavior, urbanization and educational attainment were examined by regression analyses in 19,294 participants...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217891/a-comprehensive-behavioral-and-exercise-intervention-improves-physical-function-and-activity-participation-after-total-knee-replacement-a-pilot-randomized-study
#15
Sara R Piva, Gustavo J Almeida, Alexandra B Gil, Anthony M DiGioia, Diane L Helsel, Gwendolyn A Sowa
OBJECTIVE: To test the feasibility of a comprehensive behavioral intervention (CBI) program that combines intense exercises with an education program to be implemented at a later stage (3 months) post total knee replacement (TKR), and to get a first impression of the effects of the CBI as compared to a standard of care exercise (SCE) program on the outcomes of physical function and physical activity. METHODS: 44 subjects participated in a 3-month program of either CBI or SCE followed by 3 months of home exercise program...
February 19, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217314/potential-role-for-clinical-calibration-to-increase-engagement-with-and-application-of-home-telemonitoring-a-report-from-the-heartcycle-programme
#16
Paloma Gastelurrutia, Josep Lupón, Mar Domingo, Wim Stut, Silviu Dovancescu, John Cleland, Lutz Frankenstein, Antoni Bayes-Genis
AIMS: There is a need for alternative strategies that might avoid recurrent admissions in patients with heart failure. home telemonitoring (HTM) to monitor patient's symptoms from a distance may be useful. This study attempts to assess changes in HTM vital signs in response to daily life activities (variations in medication, salt intake, exercise, and stress) and to establish which variations affect weight, blood pressure, and heart rate. METHODS AND RESULTS: We assessed 76 patients with heart failure (mean age 76 ± 10...
February 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216643/effect-of-an-obesity-prevention-program-focused-on-motivating-environments-in-childhood-a-school-based-prospective-study
#17
Y Yang, B Kang, E Y Lee, H K Yang, H-S Kim, S-Y Lim, J-H Lee, S-S Lee, B K Suh, K-H Yoon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There has been an increasing global recognition of the need for effective strategies to prevent and control childhood obesity. In this study, we aimed to identify the effectiveness of an obesity prevention program focused on motivating environments in school. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this school-based, prospective, quasi-experimental study, we enrolled three elementary (4th graders) and two middle (7th graders) schools located in Chungju, Korea...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213858/dysfunctional-voiders-medication-versus-urotherapy
#18
REVIEW
Angela M Arlen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dysfunctional voiding is defined as "habitual contraction of the urethral sphincter during voiding." Children with dysfunctional voiding remain a challenge, and the approach to and management of LUT dysfunction varies widely among programs and providers with the role of pharmacotherapy being ill defined. RECENT FINDINGS: Animated biofeedback is the current treatment modality of choice in children who are not responsive to standard urotherapy. Comprehensive biofeedback programs incorporate continued elimination education, voiding diaries, and home exercises with high success rates...
February 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210986/the-role-of-the-pharmacist-in-managing-type-2-diabetes-with-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-as-add-on-therapy
#19
REVIEW
Jerry Meece
: The prevalence and associated clinical burden of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasing in the USA and other countries. As a consequence, the role of the pharmacist in managing T2D is expanding, and it is becoming increasingly important for pharmacists to have a complete understanding of the disease course and treatment options. Pharmacists have a key role in the use of injectable therapies, including incretin-based treatment with glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs). This article discusses the role of the pharmacist in the management of patients with T2D, particularly with respect to the use of GLP-1RAs to achieve glycemic control...
February 16, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210013/the-relation-between-depressive-symptoms-and-self-care-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-in-kosovo
#20
Idriz Sopjani, Shemsedin Vehapi, Daut Gorani, Miradije Imeri, Sidita Vitoja, Shqipe Tahiri
BACKGROUND: The depression is a significant problem in patients with diabetes. This research is the first of it's kind conducted in the Republic of Kosovo to determine the prevalence of depression diagnosed in people with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DMT2) and interrelation between depressive symptoms and behavior of diabetes self-care (glucose monitoring, exercise, diet, and self- health care). METHODS: Research was conducted in the University Clinical Center of Kosovo (UCCK), in Pristine...
December 2016: Medical Archives
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