Read by QxMD icon Read

Education and exercise

Rupali Soeters, Peter B White, Mary Murray-Weir, Jayme C B Koltsov, Michael M Alexiades, Amar S Ranawat
BACKGROUND: As length of stay decreases for total joint arthroplasty, much of the patient preparation and teaching previously done in the hospital must be performed before surgery. However, the most effective form of preparation is unknown. This randomized trial evaluated the effect of a one-time, one-on-one preoperative physical therapy education session coupled with a web-based microsite (preopPTEd) on patients' readiness to discharge from physical therapy (PT), length of hospital stay, and patient-reported functional outcomes after total joint arthroplasty...
January 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Benjamin James Tarrant, Anne Holland, Caitlin Le Maitre, Rebecca Robinson, Monique Corbett, Janet Bondarenko, Brenda Button, Bruce Thompson, Greg Snell
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physiotherapy "standard care" for the acute post lung transplant recipient has not yet been documented. We aimed to analyse how soon patients commence exercise and how much time is dedicated to this during physiotherapy sessions acutely post lung transplantation. METHODS: Prospective observational study of bilateral sequential and single lung transplant recipients for any indication, ≥18 years. Participants were observed during 6 physiotherapy sessions: 3 initial and 3 prior to acute inpatient discharge...
March 12, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Susan Druker, Christine Frisard, Shira I Dunsiger, Sybil Crawford, Florence Meleo-Meyer, Beth Bock, Lori Pbert
Whether mindfulness training (MT) could improve healthy behaviors is unknown. This study sought to determine feasibility and acceptability of integrating MT into school-based health education (primary outcomes) and to explore its possible effects on healthy behaviors (exploratory outcomes). Two high schools in Massachusetts (2014-2015) were randomized to health education plus MT (HE-MT) (one session/week for 8 weeks) or to health education plus attention control (HE-AC). Dietary habits (24-h dietary recalls) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA/7-day recalls) were assessed at baseline, end of treatment (EOT), and 6 months thereafter...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Lizhou Liu, Simone Petrich, Blair McLaren, Lyndell Kelly, G David Baxter
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer patients experience various side effects during cancer therapy, often resulting in reduced quality of life and poor adherence to treatment. A limited range of proven interventions has been developed to target such side effects. While Tai Chi offers benefits for the health and well-being of breast cancer survivors, the effectiveness of Tai Chi across the treatment continuum has not been evaluated. Improved patient education and support has been suggested as a priority for breast cancer care...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Audrey J Gaskins, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Germaine M Buck Louis, Jorge E Chavarro
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the predictors of sexual intercourse frequency (SIF) among couples trying to conceive despite the well-established link between SIF and fecundity. AIM: To evaluate men's and women's demographic, occupational, and lifestyle predictors of SIF among couples. METHODS: 469 Couples without a history of infertility participating in the Longitudinal Investigation of Fertility and the Environment Study (2005-2009) were followed up for ≤1 year while trying to conceive...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Jen-Ta Shih, Chun-Lin Kuo, Tsu-Te Yeh, Hsain-Chung Shen, Ru-Yu Pan, Chia-Chun Wu
BACKGROUND: The ideal treatment for comminuted intraarticular calcaneal fractures is still debated. Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is the most popular surgical procedure; however, wound complications, implant choice, and infection remain major concerns. This study aimed to demonstrate the results of an innovative, minimally invasive surgical procedure, namely, a closed reduction technique using large-diameter Steinmann pins and percutaneous calcaneoplasty using injectable calcium sulfate cement (MIIG X3, Wright Medical Technology, Inc...
March 9, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Awfa Y Alazzeh, Eyad M AlShammari, Majdi M Smadi, Firas S Azzeh, Bandar T AlShammari, Suneetha Epuru, Shahidah Banu, Rafia Bano, Shadi Sulaiman, Jerold C Alcantara, Syed A Ashraf, Samir Qiblawi
A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the effect of some socioeconomic factors and lifestyle habits on the prevalence of obesity among adolescent male students in the Hail region, Saudi Arabia. A questionnaire was filled by 1495 male adolescents distributed among 12 schools in the Hail region. Body weight and height were taken, and the Z -score of students was measured using Anthroplus software with a cutoff 1-2 and +2 standard deviations to determine overweight and obesity, respectively. The study revealed that 21...
March 9, 2018: Children
Kara M Whitaker, Katherine H Ingram, Duke Appiah, Wanda K Nicholson, Wendy L Bennett, Cora E Lewis, Jared P Reis, Pamela J Schreiner, Erica P Gunderson
PURPOSE: To assess the associations of pre-pregnancy cardiorespiratory fitness, moderate-to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), and time spent watching television with subsequent development of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: Participants were 1,333 women enrolled in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study who did not have diabetes either at baseline (1985-86) or prior to births occurring after baseline. Baseline fitness was estimated using a graded symptom-limited maximal exercise treadmill test and expressed in metabolic equivalent (MET) units...
March 8, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Kim F E van de Loo, Richelle Vlenterie, Sylke J Nikkels, Peter J F M Merkus, Jolt Roukema, Chris M Verhaak, Nel Roeleveld, Marleen M H J van Gelder
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety during pregnancy are associated with adverse health outcomes for both mother and child. This study aims to investigate the occurrence of symptoms of depression and anxiety in early and late pregnancy, the longitudinal changes from early to late pregnancy, and factors associated with symptoms of depression and anxiety in pregnant women in the Netherlands. METHODS: We studied 2897 women participating in the PRegnancy and Infant DEvelopment (PRIDE) Study...
March 8, 2018: Birth
Tai-Wa Liu, Gabriel Y F Ng, Shamay S M Ng
BACKGROUND: The consequences of falls are devastating for patients with stroke. Balance problems and fear of falling are two major challenges, and recent systematic reviews have revealed that habitual physical exercise training alone cannot reduce the occurrence of falls in stroke survivors. However, recent trials with community-dwelling healthy older adults yielded the promising result that interventions with a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) component can simultaneously promote balance and reduce the fear of falling...
March 7, 2018: Trials
Sebastian Ludyga, Markus Gerber, Serge Brand, Uwe Pühse, Flora Colledge
PURPOSE: Acute benefits of aerobic exercise on executive functioning have been reported frequently under laboratory conditions. However, to date, a beneficial effect on long-term memory has been less well supported and no data are available regarding nonlaboratory conditions in young adults. The aim of the current study was to investigate acute effects of aerobic exercise on cognitive functioning in a university classroom setting. METHOD: Using a cross-over design, 51 participants performed a bout of moderately intense running (RUN) and read an article while seated (CON)...
March 7, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Beth D Darnall, Maisa S Ziadni, Anuradha Roy, Ming-Chih Kao, John A Sturgeon, Karon F Cook, Kate Lorig, John W Burns, Sean C Mackey
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) reported that chronic pain affects about 100 million U.S. adults, with chronic low back pain (CLBP) cited as the most prevalent type. Pain catastrophizing is a psychological construct shown to predict the development and trajectory of chronic pain and patient response to pain treatments. While effective treatment for pain catastrophizing typically includes eight-session groups of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), a single-session targeted treatment class yielded promising results which, if replicated and extended, could prove to efficiently and cost-effectively reduce pain catastrophizing...
March 6, 2018: Trials
Heather Julie Wallace, Susan McDonald, Suzanne Belton, Agueda Isolina Miranda, Eurico da Costa, Livio da Conceicao Matos, Helen Henderson, Angela Taft
Timor-Leste's Maternal Mortality Ratio remains one of the highest in Asia. There is ample evidence that maternal deaths may be reduced substantially through the provision of good-quality modern methods of contraception. Many Timorese women wish to stop or delay having children. However, even when health services make contraception available, it does not mean that people will use it. Collaborating with Marie Stopes Timor-Leste, this qualitative research project used decolonising methodology to explore perceived influences contributing to contraceptive choices, and gain insight into how women's decisions to access contraception in Timor-Leste occur...
March 6, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Lei Xu, Mary Odum
Although college is a crucial time to establish healthy behaviors for cancer prevention, little is known about cancer awareness and behaviors among US college students in less economically developed, rural areas. The purpose of this study was to examine college students' cancer-preventative knowledge and health behaviors. This cross-sectional study was conducted at a large southeastern university in the USA, on a convenience sample of students attending a campus-wide health education class. Data were collected during April and May 2017...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
F Baggi, Luiz Felipe Nevola Teixeira, S Gandini, M C Simoncini, E Bonacossa, F Sandrin, M Sciotto Marotta, G Lanni, P Dadda, D Colpani, A Luini
BACKGROUND: Surgical procedure for breast cancer is not without its side effects and one such side effect is axillary web syndrome (AWS), characterized by palpable fibrotic-like cords in the operated arm. As physical evaluation is the only gold standard method used, our study aims to assess the incidence and early detection of AWS with a self-assessment questionnaire. METHODS: From July 2013 to July 2014, 370 breast cancer patients were enrolled. AWS incidence was 51...
March 5, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Kristen Tisher, Kimberly Mann, Sarah VanDyke, Charity Johansson, Srikant Vallabhajosula
Supervised balance training shows immediate benefit for older adults at fall risk. The long-term effectiveness of such training can be enhanced by implementing a safe and simple home exercise program (HEP). We investigated the effects of a12-week unsupervised HEP following supervised clinic-based balance training on functional mobility, balance, fall risk, and gait. Six older adults with an elevated fall risk obtained an HEP and comprised the HEP group (HEPG) and five older adults who were not given an HEP comprised the no HEP group (NoHEPG)...
March 5, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Masayoshi Tsuji, Hisatomi Arima, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Koshi Nakamura, Toshiro Takezaki, Kiyomi Sakata, Nagako Okuda, Nobuo Nishi, Aya Kadota, Tomonori Okamura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Akira Okayama, Katsuyuki Miura
BACKGROUND: The relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors remains unknown in a general Japanese population. METHODS: Of 8,815 participants from 300 randomly selected areas throughout Japan, 2,467 participants who were free of cardiovascular disease and who provided information on SES in the National Health and Nutrition Survey of Japan 2010 were enrolled in this cross-sectional analysis. SES was classified according to the employment status, length of education, marital and living statuses, and equivalent household expenditure (EHE)...
2018: Journal of Epidemiology
Esmeralda Molina-Robles, Marta Colomer-Codinachs, Marta Roquet-Bohils, Emilia Chirveches-Pérez, Pep Ortiz-Jurado, Mireia Subirana-Casacuberta
OBJECTIVE: To describe the impact of a standard hospital educational intervention including active physical exercises on personal well-being, functional capacity and knowledge of the benefits of prescribed physical activity for patients undergoing haemodialysis. METHOD: An uncontrolled, quasi-experimental, before-and-after study with repeated measures of response variables at 4, 8 and 12 weeks after participating in an educational and physical exercise hospital intervention...
March 1, 2018: Enfermería Clínica
Julia Silver, Colleen Caleshu, Sylvie Casson-Parkin, Kelly Ormond
Genetic counselors experience high rates of compassion fatigue and an elevated risk for burnout, both of which can negatively impact patient care and retention in the profession. In other healthcare professions, mindfulness training has been successfully used to address similar negative psychological sequelae and to bolster empathy, which is the foundation of our counseling work. We aimed to assess associations between mindfulness and key professional variables, including burnout, compassion fatigue, work engagement, and empathy...
March 4, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
Linda K Ko, Eileen Rillamas-Sun, Sonia Bishop, Oralia Cisneros, Sarah Holte, Beti Thompson
BACKGROUND: Hispanic children are disproportionally overweight and obese compared to their non-Hispanic white counterparts in the US. Community-wide, multi-level interventions have been successful to promote healthier nutrition, increased physical activity (PA), and weight loss. Using community-based participatory approach (CBPR) that engages community members in rural Hispanic communities is a promising way to promote behavior change, and ultimately weight loss among Hispanic children...
February 28, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"