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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346620/varied-rates-of-implementation-of-patient-centered-medical-home-features-and-residents-perceptions-of-their-importance-based-on-practice-experience
#1
M Patrice Eiff, Larry A Green, Geoff Jones, Alex Verdieck Devlaeminck, Elaine Waller, Eve Dexter, Miguel Marino, Patricia A Carney
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about how the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) is being implemented in residency practices. We describe both the trends in implementation of PCMH features and the influence that working with PCMH features has on resident attitudes toward their importance in 14 family medicine residencies associated with the P4 Project. METHODS: We assessed 24 residency continuity clinics annually between 2007-2011 on presence or absence of PCMH features...
March 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346316/impact-of-direction-of-unloading-influence-on-template-rate-of-perceived-exertion
#2
Beau Kjerulf Greer, Patrick R Young, Brooke Thompson, Brendan J Rickert, Matthew F Moran
It is suggested that exercisers engage in a process of teleoanticipation and create an exercise template based upon previous experience with the exercise task which guides their perceptions of the amount of effort required for task completion. The present study examined how altering workload intensity during a positive-pressure treadmill task may impact ratings of perceived exertion (RPE). In a counter-balanced design, 15 collegiate cross country runners (7 males, 8 females) performed two 25-min runs at a constant velocity while bodyweight (BW) was either increased from 60% to 100% (INC) or decreased from 100% to 60% (DEC) in 5 min increments...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345948/the-impact-of-cross-modal-correspondences-on-working-memory-performance
#3
Riccardo Brunetti, Allegra Indraccolo, Serena Mastroberardino, Charles Spence, Valerio Santangelo
Cross-modal correspondences influence perceptual performance in adults, infants, and even nonhuman primates across a variety of different sensory modalities, including tasks involving speeded detection and categorization. However, to date, it is still unclear whether and how correspondences could modulate post-perceptual processes, such as working memory (WM). We investigated this issue using an audiovisual two-back task. In Experiment 1, 3 kinds of correspondences were used: audio/visual numerosity, pitch/shape, and pitch/elevation, each presented congruently (e...
April 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345947/distinct-cognitive-control-mechanisms-as-revealed-by-modality-specific-conflict-adaptation-effects
#4
Guochun Yang, Weizhi Nan, Ya Zheng, Haiyan Wu, Qi Li, Xun Liu
Cognitive control is essential to resolve conflict in stimulus-response compatibility (SRC) tasks. The SRC effect in the current trial is reduced after an incongruent trial as compared with a congruent trial, a phenomenon being termed conflict adaptation (CA). The CA effect is found to be domain-specific, such that it occurs when adjacent trials contain the same type of conflict, but disappears when the conflicts are of different types. Similar patterns have been observed when tasks involve different modalities, but the modality-specific effect may have been confounded by task switching...
April 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345946/objective-effects-of-knowledge-on-visual-perception
#5
Gary Lupyan
To what extent is what we perceive influenced by what we know? Although a large literature purports to show effects of knowledge, expectations, and other cognitive states on various aspects of perception, strong counterarguments have been advanced that these demonstrations are confounded by nonperceptual factors. For example, although letters are easier to recognize in meaningful words than meaningless letter strings, skepticism remains that such effects of knowledge on visual recognition mean that knowledge literally helps people see...
April 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345944/enhanced-integration-of-multisensory-body-information-by-proximity-to-habitual-action-space
#6
Harriet Dempsey-Jones, Ada Kritikos
Previous research suggests integration of visual and somatosensory inputs is enhanced within reaching (peripersonal) space. In such experiments, somatosensory inputs are presented on the body while visual inputs are moved relatively closer to, or further from the body. It is unclear, therefore, whether enhanced integration in "peripersonal space" is truly due to proximity of visual inputs to the body space, or, simply the distance between the inputs (which also affects integration). Using a modified induction of the rubber hand illusion, here we measured proprioceptive drift as an index of visuosomatosensory integration when distance between the two inputs was constrained, and absolute distance from the body was varied...
April 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345943/the-role-of-predictability-in-cooperative-and-competitive-joint-action
#7
Scott Glover, Peter Dixon
Predictability may be an important component of cooperative action, or it may arise as a by-product of involuntary entrainment with another's behavior. Further, differences previously observed in cooperative versus competitive actions may represent a fundamental distinction between behaviors with opposite goals, or they may simply reflect the output of different physical actions. The role of predictability in cooperative versus competitive behavior was directly tested using a joint sequential button-pressing task in which Participant 1 (P1) pressed a key followed by P2 pressing a key...
April 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345941/the-roles-of-negative-affect-and-goal-adjustment-capacities-in-breast-cancer-survivors-associations-with-physical-activity-and-diurnal-cortisol-secretion
#8
Andree L Castonguay, Carsten Wrosch, Catherine M Sabiston
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether within-person changes of breast cancer survivors' high-arousal negative affect (e.g., feeling scared, upset, anxious, or guilty) could predict high levels of diurnal cortisol secretion and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). In addition, goal adjustment capacities (goal disengagement and goal reengagement) were expected to buffer the effect of negative affect on cortisol and to increase its effect on MVPA. METHOD: High-arousal negative affect, self-reported MVPA, area-under-the-curve of diurnal cortisol secretion, and goal adjustment capacities were assessed in a longitudinal sample of 145 female breast cancer survivors...
April 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345802/the-association-between-caudal-anesthesia-and-increased-risk-of-postoperative-surgical-complications-in-boys-undergoing-hypospadias-repair
#9
Brad M Taicher, Jonathan C Routh, John B Eck, Sherry S Ross, John S Wiener, Allison K Ross
INTRODUCTION: Recent reports have suggested that caudal anesthesia may be associated with an increased risk of postoperative surgical complications. We examined our experience with caudal anesthesia in hypospadias repair to evaluate for increased risk of urethrocutaneous fistula or glanular dehiscence. METHODS: All hypospadias repairs performed by a single surgeon in 2001-2014 were reviewed. Staged or revision surgeries were excluded. Patient age, weight, hypospadias severity, surgery duration, month and year of surgery, caudal anesthesia use, and postoperative complications were recorded...
March 27, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345752/recent-field-experiments-with-commercial-satellite-imagery-direct-downlink
#10
Anthony R Gonzalez, Samuel H Amber
US Pacific Command's strategy includes assistance to United States government relief agencies and nongovernment organizations during humanitarian aid and disaster relief operations in the Asia-Pacific region. Situational awareness during these operations is enhanced by broad interagency access to unclassified commercial satellite imagery. The Remote Ground Terminal-a mobile satellite downlink ground station-has undergone several technology demonstrations and participated in an overseas deployment exercise focused on a natural disaster scenario...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345735/-supratentorial-cavernous-malformations-in-an-argentinian-institution-experience-with-surgical-treatment
#11
G E Vergara, A Cervio, M Farez, R Mormandi, S Condomi-Alcorta, J Salvat
INTRODUCTION: Cavernous malformations are vascular malformations of the central nervous system formed by a group of capillaries not covered by pia mater and communicated to the vascular system at very low pressure with very slow flow. Surgery or radiosurgery are the treatment modalities. AIMS: To analyze our results after surgical treatment of supratentorial cavernous malformations, reviewing clinical presentation, surgical indications and postoperative complications...
April 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345571/laser-capsulotomy-following-cataract-surgery-comparing-time-to-capsulotomy-with-implantation-of-two-broadly-used-intraocular-lenses
#12
Yael Sharon, Eitan Livny, Michael Mimouni, Dov Weinberger, Irit Bahar
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to compare the length of time from uneventful cataract surgery using one of two common posterior chamber intraocular lenses (IOLs) (hydrophilic versus hydrophobic acrylic) to laser capsulotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent neodymium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser capsulotomy between 2011 and 2014 following uneventful phacoemulsification surgery at a tertiary university-affiliated medical center...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345275/abnormal-frontoparietal-synaptic-gain-mediating-the-p300-in-patients-with-psychotic-disorder-and-their-unaffected-relatives
#13
Álvaro Díez, Siri Ranlund, Dimitris Pinotsis, Stella Calafato, Madiha Shaikh, Mei-Hua Hall, Muriel Walshe, Ángel Nevado, Karl J Friston, Rick A Adams, Elvira Bramon
The "dysconnection hypothesis" of psychosis suggests that a disruption of functional integration underlies cognitive deficits and clinical symptoms. Impairments in the P300 potential are well documented in psychosis. Intrinsic (self-)connectivity in a frontoparietal cortical hierarchy during a P300 experiment was investigated. Dynamic Causal Modeling was used to estimate how evoked activity results from the dynamics of coupled neural populations and how neural coupling changes with the experimental factors...
March 27, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345213/caries-experience-of-children-in-primary-schools-with-long-term-tooth-brushing-programs-a-pilot-australian-study
#14
T Cakar, L Harrison-Barry, M L Pukallus, S Kazoullis, W K Seow
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate a primary school-based tooth brushing (TB) program conducted in a low socio-economic area of Queensland, Australia, to determine its effectiveness in reducing caries. METHODS: Records kept at the central dental clinic of the district were used to analyse the caries experience (decayed, missing, filled teeth [dmft/DMFT]) and caries prevalence in children from two schools with long-term TB programs (TB) (N=1191) and three Non-TB schools (N=553)...
March 26, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345151/registries-in-european-post-marketing-surveillance-a-retrospective-analysis-of-centrally-approved-products-2005-2013
#15
Jacoline C Bouvy, Kevin Blake, Jim Slattery, Marie L De Bruin, Peter Arlett, Xavier Kurz
PURPOSE: Regulatory agencies and other stakeholders increasingly rely on data collected through registries to support their decision-making. Data from registries are a cornerstone of post-marketing surveillance for monitoring the use of medicines in clinical practice. This study was aimed at gaining further insight into the European Medicines Agency's (EMA) requests for new registries and registry studies using existing registries and to review the experience gained in their conduct. METHODS: European Public Assessment Reports were consulted to identify products for which a request for a registry was made as a condition of the marketing authorisation...
March 26, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344767/finding-truth-across-different-data-sources
#16
EDITORIAL
Alison Rein, Lisa A Simpson
The proliferation of new technology platforms and tools is dramatically advancing our ability to capture, integrate and use clinical and other health related data for research and care. Another critical and increasingly common source of data comes directly from patients - often in the form of Patient Reported Outcomes (PRO). As more providers and payers recognize that patient experiences reflect a critical dimension of the value proposition, these data are informing broader strategies to achieve performance improvement and accountability in health systems...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344740/orchard-sports-injury-classification-system-10-1-plus-an-end-user-study
#17
Ashley K Crossway, Kenneth E Games, Lindsey E Eberman, Neil Fleming
The purpose of this study was to establish the level of ease of use and effectiveness of the Orchard Sport Injury Classification System (OSICS) 10.1 Plus for recording injuries and interventions. Three hundred and forty-two (males=148, females=192, no response=2; age=30.9±9.5y; experience=9.1±10.5y) athletic trainers (ATs) in the United States completed the survey. Participants were primarily employed in the secondary school (n=135) or collegiate setting (n=171). Participants entered system includes the OSICS 10...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344546/choosing-muse-validation-of-a-low-cost-portable-eeg-system-for-erp-research
#18
Olave E Krigolson, Chad C Williams, Angela Norton, Cameron D Hassall, Francisco L Colino
In recent years there has been an increase in the number of portable low-cost electroencephalographic (EEG) systems available to researchers. However, to date the validation of the use of low-cost EEG systems has focused on continuous recording of EEG data and/or the replication of large system EEG setups reliant on event-markers to afford examination of event-related brain potentials (ERP). Here, we demonstrate that it is possible to conduct ERP research without being reliant on event markers using a portable MUSE EEG system and a single computer...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344532/atypical-mycobacterial-infections-of-the-upper-extremity-becoming-more-atypical
#19
Mariela Lopez, Julie Croley, Kevin D Murphy
Background: Atypical mycobacterial infections are uncommon and characterized by a chronic, indolent course before diagnosis. Historically, these infections are associated with marine-related injury and/or immune dysfunction. Our institution has successfully diagnosed and treated an increasing number of these infections. The objective of this study is to review our experience with these rare infections and verify the developing trends encountered. Methods: A retrospective review was performed for patients with positive nontuberculous mycobacterial cultures of the upper extremity from 2000 to 2013...
March 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344396/effect-of-supplementation-of-lecithin-and-carnitine-on-growth-performance-and-nutrient-digestibility-in-pigs-fed-high-fat-diet
#20
Arathy Saseendran, K Ally, P Gangadevi, P S Banakar
AIM: To study the effect of dietary supplementation of lecithin and carnitine on growth performance and nutrient digestibility in pigs fed high-fat diet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 weaned female large white Yorkshire piglets of 2 months of age were selected and randomly divided into three groups allotted to three dietary treatments, T1 - Control ration as per the National Research Council nutrient requirement, T2 - Control ration plus 5% fat, and T3 - T2 plus 0...
February 2017: Veterinary World
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