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Foot and ankle orthopedics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720091/clinical-and-imaging-outcome-of-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus-treated-using-autologous-matrix-induced-chondrogenesis-technique-with-a-biomimetic-scaffold
#1
Domenico Albano, Nicolò Martinelli, Alberto Bianchi, Carmelo Messina, Francesco Malerba, Luca Maria Sconfienza
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study was to assess the clinical and imaging outcome of autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis (AMIC) technique consisting of microfractures followed by the filling of osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs) with a cell-free biphasic collagen-hydroxyapatite osteochondral scaffold (MaioRegen). METHODS: Sixteen patients (eight males, age: 42.6 ± 18.4, range 14-74) with OLT repaired using AMIC technique, with implantation of MaioRegen, were clinically evaluated through the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS) and a 10-point Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) pain score after a mean follow-up of 30 ± 16...
July 18, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713525/orthopedic-in-training-examination-question-metrics-and-resident-test-performance
#2
John Mason DePasse, Jack Haglin, Adam E M Eltorai, Mary K Mulcahey, Craig P Eberson, Alan H Daniels
First administered in November 1963, the orthopedic in-training examination (OITE) is now distributed to more than 4000 residents in over 20 countries and has become important for evaluation of resident fund of knowledge. Several studies have assessed the effect of didactic programs on resident performance, but only recently has it become possible to assess detailed testtaking metrics such as time spent per question. Here, we report the first assessment of resident OITE performance utilizing this full electronic dataset from two large academic institutions...
June 23, 2017: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705216/surgical-management-of-hawkins-type-iii-talar-neck-fracture-through-the-approach-of-medial-malleolar-osteotomy-and-mini-plate-for-fixation
#3
Hui Liu, Zhida Chen, Wenrong Zeng, Yuanfei Xiong, Yongzhi Lin, Huacheng Zhong, Jin Wu
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the talar neck are relatively uncommon yet current interventions suffer from a high incidence of complications and poor functional outcomes. In the present study, we report a surgical treatment of Hawkins type III talar neck fracture through the approach of medial malleolar osteotomy and mini-plate for fixation and discuss the therapeutic effects after long-term follow-up. METHODS: From January 2010 to January 2015, 21 patients with 22 fractures were treated using this approach within days of sustaining the injury...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637481/arthroscopic-treatment-of-focal-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint
#4
Ersin Kuyucu, Harun Mutlu, Serhat Mutlu, Baris Gülenç, Mehmet Erdil
BACKGROUND: Although arthroscopic surgical treatment of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint involves painful sesamoid excision, synovectomy, debridement, and partial cheilectomy, no gold standard treatment technique has been defined in the literature for hallux rigidus and focal osteochondral lesions. This study aimed to assess the arthroscopic treatment for early-grade focal osteochondral lesions of the first MTP joint and to determine the impact of arthroscopic microhole drill surgery on foot function and activities of daily living in a group of patients who failed conservative treatment...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634002/acupressure-therapy-for-acute-ankle-sprains-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Mingxing Zhao, Wei Gao, Long Zhang, Wei Huang, Sihua Zheng, Guanliang Wang, Brian Y Hong, Baoyong Tang
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains occur frequently among young and active people, accounting for almost two million injuries per year. Previous reports suggest that acupressure therapy for acute ankle sprains may shorten the recovery time. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether acupressure therapy can improve ankle sprain recovery when compared to standard RICE (rest, ice, compression, and elevation) treatment. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial was conducted...
June 17, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632967/prevalence-and-orthopedic-management-of-foot-and-ankle-deformities-in-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#6
Matilde Laurá, Dishan Singh, Gita Ramdharry, Jasper Morrow, Mariola Skorupinska, Davide Pareyson, Joshua Burns, Richard A Lewis, Steven S Scherer, David N Herrmann, Nicholas Cullen, Christopher Bradish, Luca Gaiani, Nicolò Martinelli, Paul Gibbons, Glenn Pfeffer, Phinit Phisitkul, Keith Wapner, James Sanders, Sam Flemister, Michael E Shy, Mary M Reilly
INTRODUCTION: Foot deformities are frequent complications in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) patients, often requiring orthopedic surgery. However, there are no prospective, randomized studies on surgical management, and there is variation in the approaches among centers both within and between countries. METHODS: In this study we assessed the frequency of foot deformities and surgery among patients recruited into the Inherited Neuropathies Consortium (INC). We also designed a survey addressed to orthopedic surgeons at INC centers to determine whether surgical approaches to orthopedic complications in CMT are variable...
June 20, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583023/safety-of-outpatient-total-ankle-arthroplasty-vs-traditional-inpatient-admission-or-overnight-observation
#7
Ryan P Mulligan, Selene G Parekh
BACKGROUND: Total joint surgeons have successfully performed hip, knee, and shoulder arthroplasty procedures in the outpatient setting without compromising safety, satisfaction, or results. The purpose of this study was to evaluate outpatient total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) as compared with overnight or extended inpatient stay, with regard to 90-day medical and operative complications, reoperations, readmissions or emergency room visits, and pain control. METHODS: The medical records of patients who underwent TAA with 1 fellowship-trained orthopedic foot and ankle surgeon were reviewed...
June 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575496/comparison-of-the-acute-effect-of-radial-shock-wave-therapy-and-ultrasound-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-plantar-fasciitis-a-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Bihter Akinoglu, Nezire Köse, Nuray Kirdi, Yavuz Yakut
Objective. : This study compared the effectiveness of radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (r-ESWT) with ultrasound (US) therapy in the treatment of plantar fasciitis (PF). Study Design. : Level II, randomized controlled study. Design. : A total of 54 female patients with unilateral PF were randomly assigned to two study groups and one control group. All groups performed home exercises. In addition, the first study group received three sessions of r-ESWT treatment and the second study group received seven sessions of US treatment...
May 29, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567228/revision-surgery-for-recurrent-pain-after-excision-of-the-accessory-navicular-and-relocation-of-the-tibialis-posterior-tendon
#9
Hong Joon Choi, Woo Chun Lee
BACKGROUND: The results of operative treatments for symptomatic accessory navicular are debatable. In some cases, recurrent pain may develop after the Kidner procedure. The purpose of this study is to review the reasons for recurrent pain after the Kidner procedure and to suggest possible options for revision surgery. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical and radiological outcomes in 9 patients who underwent revision surgery for recurrent pain after the Kidner procedure...
June 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566781/a-comparative-study-of-intramedullary-interlocking-nailing-and-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-in-extra-articular-distal-tibial-fractures
#10
Arup K Daolagupu, Ashwani Mudgal, Vikash Agarwala, Kaushik K Dutta
BACKGROUND: Extraarticular distal tibial fractures are among the most challenging fractures encountered by an orthopedician for treatment because of its subcutaneous location, poor blood supply and decreased muscular cover anteriorly, complications such as delayed union, nonunion, wound infection, and wound dehiscence are often seen as a great challenge to the surgeon. Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) and intramedullary interlocking nail (IMLN) are two well-accepted and effective methods, but each has been historically related to complications...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562561/comparison-of-mid-term-efficacy-of-spastic-flatfoot-in-ambulant-children-with-cerebral-palsy-by-2-different-methods
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jie Wen, Hong Liu, Sheng Xiao, Xin Li, Ke Fang, Ming Zeng, Zhongwen Tang, Shu Cao, Fanling Li
To compare the treatment efficacy of spastic flatfoot surgery by 2 different surgical methods: nonfusion subtalar arthroereisis using subtalar joint stabilizer (SJS) and Dennyson-Fulford subtalar arthrodesis (D-FSA).A total of 26 cases of ambulant children with cerebral palsy diagnosed as spastic flatfoot were surgically treated from January 2011 to December 2014. Preoperative and postoperative American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society-Ankle and Hindfoot (AOFAS-AH) scores, anteroposterior-talocalcaneal angles (ATAs), and lateral talar-first metatarsal angles (Meary angles) of the affected foot were recorded...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561867/effectiveness-of-evenup%C3%A2-shoe-lift-use-among-individuals-prescribed-a-walking-boot
#12
David Kipp, David Village, Kenneth J Edwards
BACKGROUND: Walking boots are prescribed after foot and ankle injuries, allowing immediate ambulation for patients. However, temporary limb-length inequality (LLI) may result, causing dysfunction and pain, including low back pain. The Evenup™ shoe-lift was designed to eliminate joint pathology, pain, and gait deviations resulting from walking-boot-induced LLI, yet no clinical trials have been reported on its effectiveness. METHODS: Thirty-four subjects undergoing unilateral lower-extremity orthopedic medical and rehabilitative care were recruited for this study...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501960/a-modified-minimally-invasive-technique-for-intra-articular-displaced-calcaneal-fractures-fixed-by-transverse-and-axial-screws
#13
K C Kapil Mani, Parimal Acharya, R C Dirgha Raj, Bandhu Ram Pangeni, Arun Sigdel, Suman Babu Marahatta
The management of displaced, intra-articular calcaneal fracture represents a surgical challenge to even an experienced orthopedic surgeon. Plate osteosynthesis using an extended lateral approach is complicated by soft tissue problems, while those treated by closed reduction and percutaneous pinning cannot address all the intra-articular fragments sufficiently. The objective of our study is to evaluate restoration of subtalar joint and long-term functional outcomes in intra-articular displaced calcaneal fractures treated with transverse subcondral screws through a small incision on lateral aspect of calcaneus and percutaneously placed axial screws through the calcaneal tuberosity...
May 13, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493041/the-sinus-tarsi-approach-in-displaced-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures
#14
Jin Park, Jin Ho Che
INTRODUCTION: Although the extended lateral approach is typically considered the gold standard of treatment for intra-articular calcaneal fractures, a limited lateral approach may be a good alternative in select cases. METHODS: Forty-seven consecutive patients with intra-articular calcaneal fractures treated using the sinus tarsi approach between March 2010 and April 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The functional outcomes [including arc range of motion, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score, and the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle/hindfoot (AOFAS) score], bony outcomes (bony restoration and bony union), and complications were evaluated...
May 10, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481385/an-assessment-of-the-safety-of-an-orthopedic-specialty-hospital-a-5-year-experience
#15
Eric M Padegimas, Matthew L Ramsey, Matthew Austin, Javad Parvizi, Gerald R Williams, Kelly Doyle, Michael E West, Richard H Rothman, Alexander R Vaccaro, Surena Namdari
One of the goals of orthopedic specialty hospitals is to provide safe and efficient care to medically optimized patients. The authors' orthopedic specialty hospital is a physician-owned, 24-bed facility that accommodates a multispecialty orthopedic practice in the areas of spine, hip and knee arthroplasty, shoulder and elbow, sports, foot and ankle, and hand surgery. The purpose of this study was to examine the first 5 years of an institutional experience with an orthopedic specialty hospital and to determine if any procedures were at increased risk of postoperative transfer...
May 8, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465006/early-rehabilitation-after-open-repair-for-patients-with-a-rupture-of-the-achilles-tendon
#16
Uk Kim, Yun Seong Choi, Gyu Chol Jang, Young Rak Choi
PURPOSE: As outdoor activities participation increase, Achilles tendon rupture incidence also tends to increase. There are a number of treatment and rehabilitation options for a ruptured Achilles tendon. However, the optimal rehabilitation protocols are still under debate. The purpose of this study is to determine whether early rehabilitation is more effective than conventional rehabilitation. METHODS: Medical records of 56 patients who had been treated with open repair after a ruptured Achilles tendon were retrospectively reviewed...
July 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464751/minimally-important-change-measurement-error-and-responsiveness-for-the-self-reported-foot-and-ankle-score
#17
Maria C Cöster, Anna Nilsdotter, Lars Brudin, Ann Bremander
Background and purpose - Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly used to evaluate results in orthopedic surgery. To enhance good responsiveness with a PROM, the minimally important change (MIC) should be established. MIC reflects the smallest measured change in score that is perceived as being relevant by the patients. We assessed MIC for the Self-reported Foot and Ankle Score (SEFAS) used in Swedish national registries. Patients and methods - Patients with forefoot disorders (n = 83) or hindfoot/ankle disorders (n = 80) completed the SEFAS before surgery and 6 months after surgery...
June 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449701/arthroscopic-treatment-of-focal-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint
#18
Ersin Kuyucu, Harun Mutlu, Serhat Mutlu, Baris Gülenç, Mehmet Erdil
BACKGROUND: Although arthroscopic surgical treatment of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint involves painful sesamoid excision, synovectomy, debridement, and partial cheilectomy, no gold standard treatment technique has been defined in the literature for hallux rigidus and focal osteochondral lesions. This study aimed to assess the arthroscopic treatment for early grade focal osteochondral lesions of the first MTP joint and to determine the impact of arthroscopic microhole drill surgery on foot function and activities of daily living in a group of patients who failed conservative treatment...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428919/tibial-bone-grafting-for-wrist-reconstruction
#19
Schneider K Rancy, Stephanie D Malliaris, Scott W Wolfe
Background Iliac crest bone graft harvesting is routinely performed for upper extremity orthopedic procedures despite high complication rates associated with sensory nerve injury, hematoma, chronic pain, and fracture. Description of Technique Cancellous bone graft is harvested from the proximal tibia using a medial approach, minimizing donor site morbidity. Patients and Methods A retrospective review was undertaken of 14 patients who underwent cancellous proximal tibia bone graft harvesting to augment healing of wrist reconstruction, with 2 months minimum follow-up...
May 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419612/delayed-gadolinium-enhanced-mri-of-cartilage-dgemric-and-t2-mapping-of-talar-osteochondral-lesions-indicators-of-clinical-outcomes
#20
Christoph Rehnitz, Benita Kuni, Felix Wuennemann, Dimitrios Chloridis, Anand Kirwadi, Iris Burkholder, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor, Marc-André Weber
PURPOSE: To evaluate the utility of delayed gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of cartilage (dGEMRIC) and T2 mapping in evaluation of type II osteochondral lesions (OCLs) of the talus and define cutoff values for identifying patients with good/poor clinical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 28 patients (mean age, 42.3 years) underwent T2 mapping and dGEMRIC at least 1.5 years (mean duration, 3.5 years) after microfracture (n = 12) or conservative (n = 16) treatment for type II OCL...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
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