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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732093/attitudes-among-transplant-professionals-regarding-shifting-paradigms-in-eligibility-criteria-for-live-kidney-donation
#1
Jeffrey A Lafranca, Emerentia Q W Spoon, Jacqueline van de Wetering, Jan N M IJzermans, Frank J M F Dor
BACKGROUND: The transplant community increasingly accepts extended criteria live kidney donors, however, great (geographical) differences are present in policies regarding the acceptance of these donors, and guidelines do not offer clarity. The aim of this survey was to reveal these differences and to get an insight in both centre policies as well as personal beliefs of transplant professionals. METHODS: An online survey was sent to 1128 ESOT-members. Questions were included about several extended donor criteria; overweight/obesity, older age, vascular multiplicity, minors as donors and comorbidities; hypertension, impaired fasting glucose, kidney stones, malignancies and renal cysts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711332/predictors-of-operating-room-extubation-in-adult-cardiac-surgery
#2
Kathirvel Subramaniam, Diana S DeAndrade, Daniel R Mandell, Andrew D Althouse, Rajan Manmohan, Stephen A Esper, Jeffrey M Varga, Vinay Badhwar
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the study was to identify perioperative factors associated with successful immediate extubation in the operating room after adult cardiac surgery. The secondary objective was to derive a simplified predictive scoring system to guide clinicians in operating room extubation. METHODS: All 1518 patients in this retrospective cohort study underwent standardized fast-track cardiac anesthetic protocol during adult cardiac surgery. Perioperative variables between patients who had successful extubation in the operating room versus in the intensive care unit were retrospectively analyzed using both univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699068/health-and-nutritional-status-of-vegetarian-candidates-for-bariatric-surgery-and-practical-recommendations
#3
Shiri Sherf-Dagan, Keren Hod, Assaf Buch, Limor Mardy-Tilbor, Ziva Regev, Tair Ben-Porat, Nasser Sakran, David Goitein, Asnat Raziel
INTRODUCTION: Data on vegetarianism and bariatric surgery (BS) are scarce. We herein describe the health and nutritional status of vegetarian patients who plan to undergo BS and propose combined recommendations for vegetarian patients who undergo BS, based on our clinical experience and current scientific literature in both nutrition fields. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of a prospectively maintained database of all primary laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomies (LSG) performed at a bariatric center of excellence between January 2014 and November 2016 was carried out querying patients who declared a vegetarian or vegan lifestyle before surgery...
July 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695457/the-role-of-laboratory-testing-in-differentiating-type-1-diabetes-from-type-2-diabetes-in-patients-undergoing-bariatric-surgery
#4
Scott J Pilla, Nisa M Maruthur, Michael A Schweitzer, Thomas H Magnuson, James J Potter, Jeanne M Clark, Clare J Lee
BACKGROUND: It may be difficult to distinguish between adults with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes by clinical assessment. In patients undergoing bariatric surgery, it is critical to correctly classify diabetes subtype to prevent adverse perioperative outcomes including diabetic ketoacidosis. This study aimed to determine whether testing for C-peptide and islet cell antibodies during preoperative evaluation for bariatric surgery could improve the classification of type 1 versus type 2 diabetes compared to clinical assessment alone...
July 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685988/preoperative-fasting-in-children-is-there-room-for-improvement
#5
EDITORIAL
Wallis T Muhly, Paul A Stricker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681427/delirium-after-fast-track-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-cohort-study-of-6331-elderly-patients
#6
P B Petersen, C C Jørgensen, H Kehlet
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium (PD) is a well-known complication among elderly surgical patients and associated with increased morbidity, mortality and length of stay (LOS). In elective orthopedic surgery, including hip and knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA), most studies report incidences between 5% and 10%. The multimodal optimization of perioperative care (fast-track) aims to enhance recovery and reduce morbidity and LOS, but limited data are available on the effect on PD. Consequently, the study investigated signs of PD associated with LOS > 4 days...
August 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681261/laparoscopic-ileal-interposition-with-diverted-sleeve-gastrectomy-versus-laparoscopic-transit-bipartition-with-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-better-glycemic-outcomes-in-t2dm-patients
#7
Serdar Yormaz, Huseyin Yılmaz, Ilhan Ece, Mustafa Sahin
BACKGROUND: Metabolic procedures provide better outcomes for obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Our aim was to compare the glycemic regulation in patients that have undergone the laparoscopic ileal interposition with diverted sleeve gastrectomy (II-DSG), laparoscopic transit bipartition with sleeve gastrectomy (TB-SG), and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) throughout a 12-month follow-up period retrospectively. METHODS: This study considered patients with T2DM who underwent metabolic procedures...
July 5, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675597/using-quality-improvement-methods-to-reduce-clear-fluid-fasting-times-in-children-on-a-preoperative-ward
#8
Richard J G Newton, Grant M Stuart, Daniel J Willdridge, Mark Thomas
OBJECTIVES: We applied quality improvement (QI) methodology to identify the different aspects of why children fasted for prolonged periods in our institution. Our aim was for 75% of all children to be fasted for clear fluid for less than 4 hours. BACKGROUND: Prolonged fasting in children can increase thirst and irritability and have adverse effects on haemodynamic stability on induction. By reducing this, children may be less irritable, more comfortable and more physiologically stable, improving the preoperative experience for both children and carers...
July 4, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674964/gadobutrol-versus-gadofosveset-trisodium-in-mr-venography-of-the-lower-extremities
#9
Carsten W K P Arnoldussen, Yeelai Lam, Nobutake Ito, Bjorn Winkens, M Eline Kooi, Cees H A Wittens, Joachim E Wildberger
OBJECTIVES: MR venography (MRV) protocols have used bloodpool contrast agents and long scan sequences to identify patients suitable for treatment and preoperatively. However, variable availability of bloodpool contrast agents, high costs and a need to shorten acquisition times for routine MR protocols hamper everyday practice. MATERIALS: 20 patients (11 men; mean age 54 ± 11.8 years; body mass index 23.6 ± 2.5) were enrolled in this prospective study...
July 3, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671882/absence-of-an-additional-metabolic-effect-of-body-contour-surgery-in-patients-with-massive-weight-loss-after-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#10
Luis A Martin-Del-Campo, Miguel F Herrera, Juan P Pantoja, Mauricio Sierra, Martin Iglesias, Patricia Butrón, Julio Herrera-Zamora, Gonzalo Torres-Villalobos
INTRODUCTION: Body contour surgery (BCS) is a combination of soft tissue resections that have proven to be an effective treatment for the aesthetic and functional problems related to massive weight loss (MWL). There are no studies analyzing the metabolic effect of large volume adipose tissue flap resection in patients with MWL after bariatric surgery. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of adults who underwent BCS after gastric bypass. Preoperative clinical and laboratory data were compared with 1- and 2-year postoperative follow-up...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669859/effect-of-the-upper-instrumented-vertebral-level-upper-vs-lower-thoracic-spine-on-gait-ability-after-corrective-surgery-for-adult-spinal-deformity
#11
Mitsuru Yagi, Nobuyuki Fujita, Osahiko Tsuji, Narihiro Nagoshi, Yoshiyuki Yato, Takashi Asazuma, Ken Ishii, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kota Watanabe
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The relationship between gait pattern and the level of upper instrumented vertebra (UIV) in surgically treated patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) has not been fully documented. PURPOSE: To assess the effect of UIV level for the gait pattern in ASD STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Prospective case series. PATIENT SAMPLE: Thirty surgically treated consecutive female ASD with lumbosacral fusion (age 67.0±8.4 years; body mass index (BMI) 22...
June 29, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663628/preoperative-anxiety-before-spinal-anesthesia-does-internet-based-visual-information-multimedia-research-decrease-anxiety-and-information-desire-a-prospective-multicentered-study
#12
Serkan Tulgar, Ibrahim Boga, Mustafa Devrim Piroglu, Nagihan Gozde Ates, Elif Bombaci, Tuba Can, Onur Selvi, Zafer Tas, Halil Cihan Kose
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anxiety may lead to peroperative or postoperative problems when not overcome. AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of seeking information and other factors on the anxiety of patients preoperatively. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This study was a prospective, multicentered survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients scheduled to undergo surgical procedures under spinal anesthesia, preoperatively evaluated as the American Society of Anesthesia 1-3 and where spinal anesthesia was agreed on beforehand, were included...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662600/risk-factors-for-vasovagal-reaction-associated-with-cerebral-angiography-via-femoral-catheterisation
#13
Yunna Yang, Zhenhai Zhang, Tong Li, Zheng Gu, Yongquan Sun
Objective To analyse the related risk factors for vasovagal reaction associated with cerebral angiography via femoral catheterisation and discuss treatment measures and prevention and control methods. Methods The data of 3107 patients on whom cerebral angiography was performed in two high-volume interventional neuroradiology centres within 8 years were retrospectively analysed. Patients were divided into the vasovagal reaction and non-vasovagal reaction groups according to whether vasovagal reaction developed...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657396/preoperative-methylprednisolone-does-not-reduce-loss-of-knee-extension-strength-after-total-knee-arthroplastya-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-of-61-patients
#14
Viktoria Lindberg-Larsen, Thomas Q Bandholm, Camilla K Zilmer, Jens Bagger, Mette Hornsleth, Henrik Kehlet
Background and purpose - Patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) face challenges related to postoperative reduction in knee-extension strength. We evaluated whether inhibition of the inflammatory response by a single preoperative dose of methylprednisolone (MP) reduces the pronounced loss of knee-extension strength at discharge after fast-track TKA. Patients and methods - 70 patients undergoing elective unilateral TKA were randomized (1:1) to preoperative intravenous (IV) MP 125 mg (group MP) or isotonic saline IV (group C)...
June 28, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646614/does-breast-mri-background-parenchymal-enhancement-indicate-metabolic-activity-qualitative-and-3d-quantitative-computer-imaging-analysis
#15
Eralda Mema, Victoria L Mango, Xiaotao Guo, Jenika Karcich, Randy Yeh, Ralph T Wynn, Binsheng Zhao, Richard S Ha
PURPOSE: To investigate whether the degree of breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) background parenchymal enhancement (BPE) is associated with the amount of breast metabolic activity measured by breast parenchymal uptake (BPU) of 18F-FDG on positron emission tomography / computed tomography (PET/CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: An Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved retrospective study was performed. Of 327 patients who underwent preoperative breast MRI from 1/1/12 to 12/31/15, 73 patients had 18F-FDG PET/CT evaluation performed within 1 week of breast MRI and no suspicious findings in the contralateral breast...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642181/surgery-outcome-of-growth-hormone-secreting-pituitary-adenoma-with-empty-sella-using-a-new-classification
#16
Qiang Wang, Xiaopeng Guo, Lu Gao, Zihao Wang, Kan Deng, Wei Lian, Renzhi Wang, Huijuan Zhu, Bing Xing
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the outcomes and identified risk factors for a cure and intraoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak following transsphenoidal surgery using a new classification for growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenoma associated with "empty sella". METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 51 patients enrolled from January 2010 to June 2016. All subjects were categorized into three groups using a new classification scheme: Grade A, whole tumor occupation area beneath a horizontal line drawn along the lowest level of ES; Grade B, tumor occupation area that crossed the horizontal line on one side; and Grade C, tumor occupation area that crossed the horizontal line on two sides...
June 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584740/impact-of-preoperative-echocardiography-on-perioperative-management-in-geriatric-hip-trauma-a-retrospective-observational-study
#17
Chhavi Sawhney, Vivek Trikha, Sai Janani, Sukhminder Jit Singh Bajwa, Vijay Sharma, Menaal Khanna
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hip fractures are associated with a significant risk of morbidity and mortality in the elderly population. Current guidelines propose that these patients should be operated as early as possible. Preoperative cardiac investigations, especially echocardiography, have been considered to delay surgery with few changes in the patient management. The present study has been conducted to evaluate whether preoperative echocardiography improve or worsen the prognosis in such hip trauma surgery...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578083/lasagna-plots-to-visualize-results-in-surgical-studies
#18
Hamid Jalalzadeh, Sytse C van Beek, Reza Indrakusuma, Willem A Bemelman, Olivier R Busch, Ron Balm
BACKGROUND: A lasagna plot is a graphical tool that can display multiple longitudinal outcomes. To our knowledge, lasagna plots have not been used in publications of surgical studies before. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the results of surgical randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with lasagna plots in order to assess whether this can lead to new observations of the data presented in the original studies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Lasagna plots were created with R for an RCT comparing endovascular and open repair for patients with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AJAX trial), an RCT comparing laparoscopy or open surgery combined with either fast track or standard care for patients with colon cancer (LAFA trial) and an RCT comparing preoperative biliary drainage and early surgery for patients with pancreatic cancer (DROP trial)...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577354/clinical-outcomes-of-arthroscopic-surgery-for-external-snapping-hip
#19
Amrit Shrestha, Peng Wu, Heng'an Ge, Biao Cheng
BACKGROUND: Studies have reported on the arthroscopic technique for release of external snapping hip syndrome. However, no study with large sample size has been reported for arthroscopic surgery. METHODS: Patients with 229 bilateral and 19 unilateral external snapping hips were treated from January 2012 to June 2013. After locating the contracture position, arthroscopic surgery was performed accordingly. Preoperative and postoperative angles were compared. RESULTS: Comparing range of motion, all patients obtained higher adduction and flexion angles...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574817/intravoxel-incoherent-motion-diffusion-weighted-mr-imaging-parameters-predict-pathological-classification-in-thymic-epithelial-tumors
#20
Gang-Feng Li, Shi-Jun Duan, Lin-Feng Yan, Wen Wang, Yong Jing, Wei-Qiang Yan, Qian Sun, Shu-Mei Wang, Hai-Yan Nan, Tian-Yong Xu, Dan-Dan Zheng, Yu-Chuan Hu, Guang-Bin Cui
We evaluated the performance of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) parameters for preoperatively predicting the subtype and Masaoka stage of thymic epithelial tumors (TETs). Seventy-seven patients with pathologically confirmed TETs underwent a diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) sequence with 9 b values. Differences in the slow diffusion coefficient (D), fast perfusion coefficient (D*), and perfusion fraction (f) IVIM parameters, as well as the multi b-value fitted apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCmb), were compared among patients with low-risk (LRT) and high-risk thymomas (HRT) and thymic carcinomas (TC), and between early stage (stages I and II) and advanced stage (stages III and IV) TET patients...
July 4, 2017: Oncotarget
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