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Intraoperative Standardization during cardiac surgery

Junnan Zheng, Liangwei Chen, Linfeng Qian, Jianjie Jiang, Yinglian Chen, Jue Xie, Liping Shi, Yiming Ni, Haige Zhao
We aimed to evaluate whether blood conservation strategies including intraoperative autologous donation (IAD) could reduce perioperative blood transfusion for patients undergoing cardiac valve replacement including mitral valve replacement, aortic valve replacement (AVR), and double valve replacement (DVR).A total of 726 patients were studied over a 3-year period (2011-2013) after the implementation of IAD and were compared with 919 patients during the previous 36-month period (January 2008-December 2010). The method of small-volume retrograde autologous priming, strict blood transfusion standard together with IAD constituted a progressive blood-saving strategy...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mineto Ohta, Chikashi Nakanishi, Naoki Kawagishi, Yasuyuki Hara, Kai Maida, Toshiaki Kashiwadate, Koji Miyazawa, Satoru Yoshida, Shigehito Miyagi, Yukihiro Hayatsu, Shunsuke Kawamoto, Yasushi Matsuda, Yoshinori Okada, Yoshikatsu Saiki, Noriaki Ohuchi
BACKGROUND: Recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma accompanied by a right atrial tumor thrombus is rare. No standard treatment modality has been established. Surgical treatment may be the only curative treatment; however, surgery has been considered high risk. We herein describe a patient who underwent resection of a recurrent right atrial tumor thrombus under normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass on a beating heart. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old man underwent a right hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma with diaphragm invasion...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Meredith Degnan, Jessica Brodt, Yiliam Rodriguez-Blanco
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe our institutional experience, primarily with general anesthesiologists consulting with cardiac anesthesiologists, caring for left ventricular assist device (LVAD) patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective review of the population of patients with LVADs at a single institution undergoing noncardiac procedures between 2009 and 2014. Demographic, perioperative, and procedural data collected included the type of procedure performed, anesthetic technique, vasopressor requirements, invasive monitors used, anesthesia provider type, blood product management, need for postoperative intubation, postoperative disposition and length of stay, and perioperative complications including mortality...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Richard H Feins, Harold M Burkhart, John V Conte, Daniel N Coore, James I Fann, George L Hicks, Jonathan C Nesbitt, Paul S Ramphal, Sharon E Schiro, K Robert Shen, Amaanti Sridhar, Paul W Stewart, Jennifer D Walker, Nahush A Mokadam
BACKGROUND: Operating room surgical training has significant limitations. This study hypothesized that some skills could be learned efficiently and safely by using simulation with component task training, deliberate practice, progressive complexity, and experienced coaching to produce safer cardiac surgeons. METHODS: Training modules included cardiopulmonary bypass, coronary artery bypass grafting, aortic valve replacement, massive air embolism, acute intraoperative aortic dissection, and sudden deterioration in cardiac function...
August 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Khoa N Nguyen, Heather S Byrd, Jonathan M Tan
AIM: Caudal epidural anesthesia has been shown to reduce stress response and shorten the time to extubation in children after cardiac surgery. Combined with general anesthesia, regional anesthesia has been proven to be safe and efficacious in the pediatric population. It is not known, however, whether the use of caudal anesthesia actually reduces postoperative pain scores and decreases postoperative opioid use. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the charts of 199 children who underwent repair for atrial septal defect (ASD), ventricular septal defect (VSD), and Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) at a major academic children's hospital between 2010 and 2013...
November 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Jigar Patel, Mrugesh Prajapati, Atul Solanki, Himani Pandya
INTRODUCTION: In paediatric cardiac surgery, there is still not any information with regard to the best choice of priming fluids for Cardiopulmonary Bypass (CPB). Albumin, Hydroxyethyl Starch (HES) & ringer lactate are equally used, but each has its advantages & disadvantages. Albumin & HES had better fluid balance which affect outcome in paediatric cardiac surgery significantly. AIM: To compare priming solution containing albumin, hydroxyethyl starch and ringer lactate during elective open-heart surgery in paediatrics aged up to 3 years...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
M Lisy, E Schmid, J Kozok, P Rosenberger, U A Stock, G Kalender
AIM: Intraoperative allogeneic blood product transfusion (ABPT) in cardiac surgery is associated with worse overall outcome, including mortality. The objective of this study was to evaluate the ABPTs in minimalized extracorporeal cardiopulmonary (MECC(TM)) compared with standard open system on-pump coronary revascularization. METHODS: Data of 156 patients undergoing myocardial revascularization between September 2008 and September 2010 were reviewed. 83 patients were operated by the MECC technique and 73 were treated by standard extracorporeal circulation (sECC)...
2016: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
T G Coulson, M Bailey, C M Reid, L Tran, D V Mullany, J Parker, P Hicks, D Pilcher
BACKGROUND: With improvements in short-term mortality after cardiac surgery, the sensitivity of the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) as a performance-monitoring tool has declined. We assessed acute risk change (ARC) as a new and potentially more sensitive metric to differentiate overall cardiac surgical unit performance. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons database and Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Adult Patient Database was performed...
August 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Barry D Kussman, Christopher M Aasted, Meryem A Yücel, Sarah C Steele, Mark E Alexander, David A Boas, David Borsook, Lino Becerra
The predictability of pain makes surgery an ideal model for the study of pain and the development of strategies for analgesia and reduction of perioperative pain. As functional near-infrared spectroscopy reproduces the known functional magnetic resonance imaging activations in response to a painful stimulus, we evaluated the feasibility of functional near-infrared spectroscopy to measure cortical responses to noxious stimulation during general anesthesia. A multichannel continuous wave near-infrared imager was used to measure somatosensory and frontal cortical activation in patients undergoing catheter ablation of arrhythmias under general anesthesia...
2016: PloS One
Andrea Conforti, Chiara Iacusso, Laura Valfrè, Marilena Trozzi, Sergio Bottero, Pietro Bagolan
AIM: Esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) consist of a spectrum of rare congenital abnormalities. Although EA surgical treatment is well established, the outcome of EA with proximal fistula (type B and D EA) or isolated H-type fistula (type E EA) is poorly explored. These forms of EA shared a common surgical step: the need of a cervical approach to close the fistula. Therefore, the aim of present study is to evaluate postoperative outcomes of patients treated for Gross type B-D and E EA, on regards of their cervical surgery...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
H Bayir, I Yildiz, F Erdem, U Y Tekelioglu, M E Ozyalvacli, M Bilgi, H Kocoglu
OBJECTIVE: Perioperative inadvertent hypothermia (PIH) (core body temperature to < 36 °C) is a common event during surgery. PIH may result from multiple factors. Elderly urology patients are at greater risk than other patients for hypothermia. PIH may cause adverse postoperative cardiac clinical manifestations. Our study aimed to determine the effects of postoperative alteration of core body temperature on the ECG parameters in patients undergoing transurethral resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-nine patients, 40-83 years of age, who were scheduled for elective Transurethral Resection Prostate and/or Bladder (TUR-P and/or TUR-B) were enrolled in the study...
April 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Miriam Silaschi, James Barr, Sanjay Chaubey, Niki Nicou, Raj Srirajaskanthan, Jonathan Byrne, John Ramage, Philip MacCarthy, Olaf Wendler
BACKGROUND: Carcinoid heart disease (CHD) is common in patients with carcinoid syndrome (CS). Surgical treatment improves the poor prognosis of CHD, although the reported perioperative mortality is high (∼17%). We attempted to improve outcomes by implementation of a protocol for the management of patients with CHD at a UK Neuroendocrine Centre of Excellence and report our experience. METHODS: All patients treated for CHD between 2008 and 2015 were included. Peri-operative treatment included surgical features such as invasive pulmonary valve (PV) inspection and preservation of the tricuspid subvalvular apparatus...
April 21, 2016: Neuroendocrinology
Andreas Baumann, Dirk Buchwald, Thorsten Annecke, Martin Hellmich, Peter K Zahn, Andreas Hohn
BACKGROUND: On-pump cardiac surgery triggers a significant postoperative systemic inflammatory response, sometimes resulting in multiple-organ dysfunction associated with poor clinical outcome. Extracorporeal cytokine elimination with a novel haemoadsorption (HA) device (CytoSorb®) promises to attenuate inflammatory response. This study primarily assesses the efficacy of intraoperative HA during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) to reduce the proinflammatory cytokine burden during and after on-pump cardiac surgery, and secondarily, we aim to evaluate effects on postoperative organ dysfunction and outcomes in patients at high risk...
2016: Trials
Marc Giménez-Milà, Sebastian Videla, David Jenkins, Andrew A Klein, Caroline Gerrard, Jacinta Nalpon, Kamen Valchanov
OBJECTIVES: To assess postoperative pain intensity and the analgesic requirements in the postoperative period in patients undergoing sternotomy for pulmonary endarterectomy involving deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Single-center hospital study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients 18 years and older undergoing sternotomy for cardiac surgery between August 2012 and August 2014. INTERVENTIONS: No modification to usual clinical practice...
August 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Emmanuel Haas, François Fischer, François Levy, Su-Emmanuelle Degirmenci, Lelia Grunebaum, Michel Kindo, Olivier Collange, Paul-Michel Mertes, Annick Steib
BACKGROUND: The heparin regimen providing anticoagulation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is usually adapted to total body weight (TBW), but may be inaccurate in obese patients in whom TBW exceeds their ideal body weight. OBJECTIVES: The objective is to compare the effects of heparin injection based on TBW on haemostatic parameters between obese and nonobese patients during cardiac surgery and to calculate the optimal heparin regimen. DESIGN: Prospective comparative study...
June 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Martin Almquist, Mark Thier, Farhad Salem
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) is widely used during thyroid surgery. During both intermittent and continuous IONM stimulation of the vagus nerve is performed. This has previously been reported to be safe. METHODS: We present our findings based on the case reports of 2 patients. RESULTS: IONM of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN), following the standards of the International Neuromonitoring Study Group, was conducted in 2 patients, one undergoing thyroid surgery and the second parathyroid surgery...
April 2016: Head & Neck
Salvatore Torre, Elisa Biondani, Tiziano Menon, Diego Marchi, Mauro Franzoi, Daniele Ferrarini, Rocco Tabbì, Stiljan Hoxha, Luca Barozzi, Giuseppe Faggian, Giovanni Battista Luciani
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in infants is associated with morbidity due to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). Strategies to mitigate SIRS include management of perfusion temperature, hemodilution, circuit miniaturization, and biocompatibility. Traditionally, perfusion parameters have been based on body weight. However, intraoperative monitoring of systemic and cerebral metabolic parameters suggest that often, nominal CPB flows may be overestimated. The aim of the study was to assess the safety and efficacy of continuous metabolic monitoring to manage CPB in infants during open-heart repair...
January 2016: Artificial Organs
Lesley De Pietri, Federico Mocchegiani, Chiara Leuzzi, Roberto Montalti, Marco Vivarelli, Vanni Agnoletti
Liver transplantation (LT) has become the standard of care for patients with end stage liver disease. The allocation of organs, which prioritizes the sickest patients, has made the management of liver transplant candidates more complex both as regards their comorbidities and their higher risk of perioperative complications. Patients undergoing LT frequently display considerable physiological changes during the procedures as a result of both the disease process and the surgery. Transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE), which visualizes dynamic cardiac function and overall contractility, has become essential for perioperative LT management and can optimize the anaesthetic management of these highly complex patients...
October 18, 2015: World Journal of Hepatology
Todd J Kilbaugh, Adam S Himebauch, Theoklis Zaoutis, David Jobes, William J Greeley, Susan C Nicolson, Athena F Zuppa
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) prevention for children with congenital heart disease is imperative and methods to assess and evaluate the tissue concentrations of prophylactic antibiotics are important to help maximize these efforts. AIM: The purposes of this study were to determine the plasma and tissue concentrations with standard of care, perioperative cefazolin dosing in an immature porcine model of pediatric cardiac surgery, and to determine the feasibility of this model...
November 2015: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Derek Serna-Gallegos, Heather Merry, Robert J McKenna
Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy has become a standard approach for early stage 1 lung cancer. However, concerns still remain regarding certain clinical situations, such as potential damage to the heart or bypass grafts when VATS is performed after median sternotomy for cardiac surgery. In this article, techniques are described to minimize risk to an internal mammary artery graft during a VATS anatomic pulmonary resection in this group of patients. The article reviews data on VATS after median sternotomy for cardiac surgery and describes techniques to prevent, treat, and mitigate problems in this group of patients...
August 2015: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
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