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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043918/-being-able-to-speak-what-individuals-in-jail-perceived-as-helpful-about-participating-in-alcohol-related-brief-interventions
#1
Mandy D Owens, Megan Kirouac, Kylee Hagler, Lauren N Rowell, Emily C Williams
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of individuals within the criminal justice system meet criteria for a substance use disorder. Treatments for individuals who are incarcerated with substance use disorders show minimal to no benefit on post-release outcomes, suggesting a need to improve their effectiveness, particularly those that can be delivered in a brief format. The purpose of this study was to describe what individuals in jail with substance use disorders perceived as being helpful about two brief alcohol-focused interventions, which can be used to inform future treatments with this population...
October 18, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033255/how-do-voice-perceptual-changes-predict-acoustic-parameters-in-persian-voice-patients
#2
Shamim Hosseinifar, Farhad Torabinezhad, Leila Ghelichi, Masoud Roudbari, Erin Pearson Silverman, Maryam Faham
INTRODUCTION: Perceptual and acoustic analyses are essential tools that help voice therapists comprehensively assess voice quality. While perceptual evaluations are subjective and are influenced by external and culturally driven factors, acoustic analysis is an objective and reliable means of evaluating voice. The goals of this study were (1) to determine which acoustic parameters were predicted by perceptual voice quality and (2) to assess the effect of a short period of training on the reliability of perceptual voice analyses for Persian speakers...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032127/associations-between-posture-voice-and-dysphonia-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Ricardo Cardoso, José Lumini-Oliveira, Rute F Meneses
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to systematize the associations between posture, voice, and dysphonia in order to support future research directions and possible clinical interventions. STUDY DESIGN: The study is a systematic review. METHODS: According to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses flowchart, a search on PubMed/Medline, SciELO, RCAAP, LILACS, Cochrane Library, PEDro, and Isi Web of Knowledge was performed from their inception through January of 2017 using the key words "posture" and ("voice" or "dysphonia")...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031791/biofeedback-in-dysphonia-progress-and-challenges
#4
Geová Oliveira de Amorim, Patrícia Maria Mendes Balata, Laís Guimarães Vieira, Thaís Moura, Hilton Justino da Silva
INTRODUCTION: There is evidence that all the complex machinery involved in speech acts along with the auditory system, and their adjustments can be altered. OBJECTIVE: To present the evidence of biofeedback application for treatment of vocal disorders, emphasizing the muscle tension dysphonia. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in Scielo, Lilacs, PubMed and Web of Sciences databases, using the combination of descriptors, and admitting as inclusion criteria: articles published in journals with editorial committee, reporting cases or experimental or quasi-experimental research on the use of biofeedback in real time as additional source of treatment monitoring of muscle tension dysphonia or for vocal training...
August 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031492/comprehensive-vs-assisted-management-of-mood-and-pain-symptoms-cammps-trial-study-design-and-sample-characteristics
#5
Kurt Kroenke, Erica Evans, Sharon Weitlauf, Stephanie McCalley, Brian Porter, Tabeel Williams, Fitsum Baye, Spencer G Lourens, Marianne S Matthias, Matthew J Bair
BACKGROUND: Pain is the most common presenting somatic symptom in medical outpatients, and depression and anxiety are the two most common mental disorders. They frequently co-occur, are under-treated, and result in substantial disability and reduced health-related quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The Comprehensive vs. Assisted Management of Mood and Pain Symptoms (CAMMPS) study is a randomized comparative effectiveness trial designed to test the relative effectiveness of a lower-resource vs...
October 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019460/auditory-hallucinations-as-translational-psychiatry-evidence-from-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#6
Kenneth Hugdahl
In this invited review article I present a translational perspective and overview of our research on auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia at the University of Bergen, Norway with a focus on the neuronal mechanisms underlying the phenomenology of experiencing "hearing voices". An auditory verbal hallucination, i.e. "hearing a voice", is defined as a sensory experience in the absence of a corresponding external sensory source that could explain the phenomenological experience. I suggest a general frame or scheme for the study of auditory verbal hallucinations which is called Levels of Explanation (LoE)...
October 11, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983422/speech-language-pathology-evaluation-and-management-of-hyperkinetic-disorders-affecting-speech-and-swallowing-function
#7
REVIEW
Julie M Barkmeier-Kraemer, Heather M Clark
BACKGROUND: Hyperkinetic dysarthria is characterized by abnormal involuntary movements affecting respiratory, phonatory, and articulatory structures impacting speech and deglutition. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) play an important role in the evaluation and management of dysarthria and dysphagia. This review describes the standard clinical evaluation and treatment approaches by SLPs for addressing impaired speech and deglutition in specific hyperkinetic dysarthria populations. METHODS: A literature review was conducted using the data sources of PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar...
2017: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983420/velopharyngeal-dystonia-an-unusual-focal-task-specific-dystonia
#8
Amar S Patel, Lucian Sulica, Steven J Frucht
BACKGROUND: Velopharyngeal dysfunction produces a nasal speech pattern because of the inability to close the nasal airway during speech, most often associated with anatomical abnormalities of the palate. CASE REPORT: We describe two cases of possible velopharyngeal dystonia, a task-specific movement disorder causing a speech pattern similar to velopharyngeal dysfunction. Both patients experienced treatment response with anticholinergic medication. DISCUSSION: Dystonia affecting speech via involvement of the pharyngeal musculature may be an unrecognized etiology of voice disorders...
2017: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976401/-sexual-life-in-elderly-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#9
Hakan Karpuz
Sexual activity is an important component of patient and partner quality of life for men and women with cardiovascular disease, including many elderly patients. Older adults desire sexual intimacy when there is a partner and a health status that allows sexual relationships. Older individuals desire to love and enjoy sexual activity in relation to personal circumstances, and when health status allows them to experience close relations, most often within marriage especially in our country. Normal changes occur in the phases of sexual cycle with aging, male erectile dysfunction and female sexual dysfunction increase with age...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973078/minimal-important-difference-in-voice-handicap-index-10
#10
Stephanie Misono, Bevan Yueh, Ali N Stockness, Meaghan E House, Schelomo Marmor
Importance: The minimal important difference (MID) on patient-reported outcome measures can indicate how much of a change on that scale is meaningful. Objective: To use an anchor-based approach to estimate MID in the Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) total score. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cohort study, a volunteer sample of adult patients visiting the voice clinic at the University of Minnesota from April 7, 2013, through July 3, 2016, completed the VHI-10 (range, 0-40, with higher scores indicating greater voice-related handicap) at baseline and 2 weeks later in conjunction with a global rating of change...
September 28, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967586/correlation-between-voice-and-auditory-processing
#11
Janine Santos Ramos, Mariza Ribeiro Feniman, Ingrid Gielow, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio
PURPOSE: To compare and to correlate the performance of women with behavioral dysphonia and without voice disorders in auditory processing tests and in the Voice Tone Reproduction Test (VTRT). METHODS: Forty women aged from 18 to 44 years participated and were divided in two groups: dysphonic (DG) and non-dysphonic (NDG). The participants underwent interview, hearing, otorhinolaryngology and voice assessments (voice record, VTRT through phonetography), and auditory processing assessment-using the Pitch Pattern Sequence (PPS) test and the Duration Pattern Sequence (DPS) test...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965662/correlation-of-the-iranian-voice-quality-of-life-profile-ivqlp-with-acoustic-measurements-across-three-common-voice-disorders
#12
Ali Dehqan, Ronald C Scherer, Fariba Yadegari, Gholamali Dashti
OBJECTIVES: The Iranian Voice Quality of Life Profile (IVQLP) is a recent culture-based developed tool for assessing the quality of life of dysphonic patients. The research questions addressed here are as follows: (1) Are the correlations between IVQLP scores and values of objective voice measures? (2) Do the correlations differ across the three different voice disorders? METHODS: The subjects were divided into three groups: muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) (n = 62), benign midmembranous vocal fold lesions (n = 56), and unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) (n = 32)...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964079/measuring-vocal-motor-skill-with-a-virtual-voice-controlled-slingshot
#13
Jarrad H Van Stan, Se-Woong Park, Matthew Jarvis, Daryush D Mehta, Robert E Hillman, Dagmar Sternad
Successful voice training (e.g., singing lessons) and vocal rehabilitation (e.g., therapy for a voice disorder) involve learning complex, vocal behaviors. However, there are no metrics describing how humans learn new vocal skills or predicting how long the improved behavior will persist post-therapy. To develop measures capable of describing and predicting vocal motor learning, a theory-based paradigm from limb motor control inspired the development of a virtual task where subjects throw projectiles at a target via modifications in vocal pitch and loudness...
September 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949246/a-case-series-of-the-probability-density-and-cumulative-distribution-of-laryngeal-disease-in-a-tertiary-care-voice-center
#14
Jaime de la Fuente, C Gaelyn Garrett, Robert Ossoff, Kim Vinson, David O Francis, Alexander Gelbard
OBJECTIVE: To examine the distribution of clinic and operative pathology in a tertiary care laryngology practice. METHODS: Probability density and cumulative distribution analyses (Pareto analysis) was used to rank order laryngeal conditions seen in an outpatient tertiary care laryngology practice and those requiring surgical intervention during a 3-year period. RESULTS: Among 3783 new clinic consultations and 1380 operative procedures, voice disorders were the most common primary diagnostic category seen in clinic (n = 3223), followed by airway (n = 374) and swallowing (n = 186) disorders...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944732/patient-centered-drug-approval-the-role-of-patient-advocacy-in-the-drug-approval-process
#15
T Joseph Mattingly, Linda Simoni-Wastila
Recent approval of eteplirsen for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a rare disease with few treatment alternatives, has reignited the debate over the U.S. drug approval process. The evolution of legal and regulatory restrictions to the marketing and sale of pharmaceuticals has spanned more than a century, and throughout this history, patient advocacy has played a significant role. Scientific evidence from clinical trials serves as the foundation for drug approval, but the patient voice has become increasingly influential...
October 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944537/pharmacologic-management-of-voice-disorders-by-general-medicine-providers-and-otolaryngologists
#16
Seth M Cohen, Hui-Jie Lee, Nelson Roy, Stephanie Misono
OBJECTIVES: 1) To compare laryngeal diagnoses from general medical providers (GMP) to otolaryngologists following GMP-based medication trial, and 2) to evaluate associations between GMP medication trials and pharmacologic treatment by otolaryngologists. METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis using large, national administrative U.S. claims database. Patients with laryngeal/voice disorders as per the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2012, seen by a GMP and then an otolaryngologist between 2 weeks to 3 months after the GMP visit, were included...
September 25, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939085/the-influence-of-sleep-disorders-on-voice-quality
#17
Bruna Rainho Rocha, Mara Behlau
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To verify the influence of sleep quality on the voice. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive and analytical cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data were collected by an online or printed survey divided in three parts: (1) demographic data and vocal health aspects; (2) self-assessment of sleep and vocal quality, and the influence that sleep has on voice; and (3) sleep and voice self-assessment inventories-the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Voice Handicap Index reduced version (VHI-10)...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936548/auditory-feature-perception-and-auditory-hallucinatory-experiences-in-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorder
#18
Ashley M Schnakenberg Martin, Lisa Bartolomeo, Josselyn Howell, William P Hetrick, Amanda R Bolbecker, Alan Breier, Gary Kidd, Brian F O'Donnell
Schizophrenia spectrum disorder (SZ) is associated with deficits in auditory perception as well as auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH). However, the relationship between auditory feature perception and auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH), one of the most commonly occurring symptoms in psychosis, has not been well characterized. This study evaluated perception of a broad range of auditory features in SZ and determined whether current AVHs relate to auditory feature perception. Auditory perception, including frequency, intensity, duration, pulse-train and temporal order discrimination, as well as an embedded tone task, was assessed in both AVH (n = 20) and non-AVH (n = 24) SZ individuals and in healthy controls (n = 29) with the Test of Basic Auditory Capabilities (TBAC)...
September 21, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935208/vocal-aspects-of-brazilian-evangelical-pastors
#19
REVIEW
Perla do Nascimento Martins, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto
PURPOSE: Investigate the vocal and laryngopharyngeal symptoms, vocal quality, Voice Activity and Participation Profile (VAPP), and vocal acoustic and auditory-perceptual characteristics from evangelical pastors comparing with the same aspects of nonprofessional voice men. METHOD: Sixty professionally active male subjects were divided into two groups: 30 pastors and 30 nonprofessional voice men, with ages between 24 and 59 years old. Participants answered the Screening Index for Voice Disorder (SIVD) questionnaire and the VAPP, as well as an auditory-perceptual and acoustic evaluation of the voice...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926572/automatic-initial-and-final-segmentation-in-cleft-palate-speech-of-mandarin-speakers
#20
Ling He, Yin Liu, Heng Yin, Junpeng Zhang, Jing Zhang, Jiang Zhang
The speech unit segmentation is an important pre-processing step in the analysis of cleft palate speech. In Mandarin, one syllable is composed of two parts: initial and final. In cleft palate speech, the resonance disorders occur at the finals and the voiced initials, while the articulation disorders occur at the unvoiced initials. Thus, the initials and finals are the minimum speech units, which could reflect the characteristics of cleft palate speech disorders. In this work, an automatic initial/final segmentation method is proposed...
2017: PloS One
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