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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820002/applicability-of-the-arabic-version-of-vocal-tract-discomfort-scale-vtds-with-student-singers-as-professional-voice-users
#1
Wesam B Darawsheh, Yaser S Natour, Eve G Sada
AIM: This pilot study aimed to evaluate the internal consistency, convergent construct validity and criterion validity of Arabic version of the Vocal Tract Discomfort Scale (VTDS), and to investigate the correlation between the scores of the VTDS, the VHI and the acoustic measures of fundamental frequency (F0), shimmer, jitter and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study where 97 participants participated (47 males and 50 females) (mean age 20...
August 18, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813075/violence-in-schools-and-the-voice-of-teachers
#2
Rodrigo Dornelas, Thaynara Alves Dos Santos, Daniela Sena de Oliveira, Roxane de Alencar Irineu, Aline Brito, Kelly Silva
Purpose: To correlate self-reporting of voice disorders with habits that impact voice production and situations of violence experienced by teachers. Methods: The study involved 41 elementary-school teachers of rural and urban areas. Two instruments were used for data collection: The Vocal Production Condition - Teacher (CPV-P) questionnaire and the Screening Index for Voice Disorders - ITDV. The chi-square test was used to verify association among variables with a significance level of 5%...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804990/characterizing-the-experience-of-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-and-accompanying-delusions-in-individuals-with-a-diagnosis-of-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
L M Smith, L C Johns, Rlc Mitchell
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to inform ongoing attempts to identify clinically meaningful subcategories of auditory verbal hallucination (AVH), and to evaluate evidence that might pertain to the suitability of current psychological interventions for people with bipolar disorder (BD) who experience psychotic symptoms. METHODS: A comprehensive synthesis of findings on the phenomenology of AVH and delusions in BD is included, alongside a critical review of clinical and cognitive correlates...
August 14, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774670/exploring-a-method-for-evaluation-of-preschool-and-school-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-through-checking-their-understanding-of-the-speaker-s-emotions-with-the-help-of-prosody-of-the-voice
#4
Mayumi Horie, Hitoshi Okamura
PURPOSE: We attempted to evaluate the ability of 125 preschool and school children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD children) to understand the intentions of those speaking to them using prosody of the voice, by comparing it with that of 119 typically developing children (TDC) and 51 development-age-matched children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD children), and to explore, based on the results, a method for objective evaluation of children with ASD in the early and later periods of childhood...
July 31, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763736/schizophrenia-dissection-by-five-anxiety-and-depressive-subtype-comorbidities-clinical-implications-and-evolutionary-perspective
#5
André B Veras, Simone Cougo, Fernanda Meira, Clayton Peixoto, Jorge A Barros, Antonio E Nardi, Dolores Malaspina, Michael Poyurovsky, Jeffrey P Kahn
Twenty patients with DSM5 schizophrenia were comprehensively and formally assessed by an experienced psychiatrist. All subjects were assessed for: positive and negative psychotic symptoms; social anxiety; panic anxiety; obsessive compulsive disorder, atypical depression; major depression; suicide risk; and global assessment of functioning. Different profiles of clinical presentation and symptom evolution emerged for patients with schizophrenia who had co-morbid depression (15%), OCD (15%), panic or limited symptom attacks (55%) and social anxiety (5%)...
July 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760537/randomized-double-blind-trial-of-amitriptyline-versus-placebo-in-treatment-of-chronic-laryngopharyngeal-neuropathy
#6
Minyoung Jang, Samuel J Rubin, Daniel J Stein, Jacob Pieter Noordzij
OBJECTIVE: A neuropathic etiology has been suggested for patients with chronic laryngopharyngitis symptoms without visible structural pathology. Prior studies have shown that treatment with neuro-modulating medications is beneficial, but it is unknown if this was due to placebo effect. Our objective was to compare the efficacy of amitriptyline versus placebo in treating chronic laryngopharyngeal neuropathy. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized placebo-controlled trial...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759458/pharyngolaryngeal-symptoms-associated-with-thyroid-disease
#7
Inn-Chul Nam, Young-Hak Park
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review summarizes previous reports on laryngopharyngeal symptoms associated with thyroid disease. This review also includes pharyngolaryngeal symptoms caused by thyroidectomy. However, we focus on pharyngolaryngeal symptoms following uncomplicated thyroidectomy, as this is an important issue in the fields of otolaryngology. RECENT FINDINGS: An enlarged thyroid gland, as in thyroiditis, multinodular goiter, or large nodules, can cause compressive symptoms...
July 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754577/voice-use-among-music-theory-teachers-a-voice-dosimetry-and-self-assessment-study
#8
Isabel S Schiller, Dominique Morsomme, Angélique Remacle
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed (1) to investigate music theory teachers' professional and extra-professional vocal loading and background noise exposure, (2) to determine the correlation between vocal loading and background noise, and (3) to determine the correlation between vocal loading and self-evaluation data. METHODS: Using voice dosimetry, 13 music theory teachers were monitored for one workweek. The parameters analyzed were voice sound pressure level (SPL), fundamental frequency (F0), phonation time, vocal loading index (VLI), and noise SPL...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750368/changes-in-white-matter-integrity-following-intensive-voice-treatment-lsvt-loud%C3%A2-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-motor-speech-disorders
#9
Alesha Reed, Jacqueline Cummine, Reyhaneh Bakhtiari, Cynthia M Fox, Carol A Boliek
Preliminary evidence suggests that intensive voice and speech treatment based on activity-dependent neuroplasticity principles holds promise for affecting positive change in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and motor speech disorders. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) allows researchers to make inferences about the integrity of white matter tracks and provides a sensitive measure of neuroplasticity. Previous treatment studies looking at the effects of training on white matter integrity have shown positive results, but these studies have been limited to gross motor function...
July 28, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747115/where-pseudo-hallucinations-meet-dissociation-a-cluster-analysis
#10
Deborah Wearne, Guy J Curtis, Amanda Genetti, Mathew Samuel, Justin Sebastian
OBJECTIVES: The possible link between cognitive areas of perception and integration of consciousness was examined using assessments of hallucinations and derealisation/depersonalization. METHODS: Sixty-five subjects in three main diagnostic groups - posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), borderline personality disorder (BPD) and schizophrenia - identified by their treating psychiatrist as hearing voices were surveyed regarding characteristics of hallucinations, derealisation/depersonalization, delusions and childhood/adult trauma...
August 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744234/on-hearing-voices-and-seeing-things-probing-hallucination-predisposition-in-a-portuguese-nonclinical-sample-with-the-launay-slade-hallucination-scale-revised
#11
Paula Castiajo, Ana P Pinheiro
The experience of hallucinations is a hallmark of psychotic disorders, but they are also present in other psychiatric and medical conditions, and may be reported in nonclinical individuals. Despite the increased number of studies probing the incidence of nonclinical hallucinations, the underlying phenomenological characteristics are still poorly understood. This study aimed to examine the psychometrics proprieties of the Portuguese adaptation of the 16-item Launay-Slade Hallucinations Scale (LSHS), the phenomenological characteristics of nonclinical hallucinatory experiences in a Portuguese sample, and the relationship between clinical symptoms and hallucination predisposition...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739561/smartphone-based-monitoring-of-objective-and-subjective-data-in-affective-disorders-where-are-we-and-where-are-we-going-systematic-review
#12
Ezgi Dogan, Christian Sander, Xenija Wagner, Ulrich Hegerl, Elisabeth Kohls
BACKGROUND: Electronic mental health interventions for mood disorders have increased rapidly over the past decade, most recently in the form of various systems and apps that are delivered via smartphones. OBJECTIVE: We aim to provide an overview of studies on smartphone-based systems that combine subjective ratings with objectively measured data for longitudinal monitoring of patients with affective disorders. Specifically, we aim to examine current knowledge on: (1) the feasibility of, and adherence to, such systems; (2) the association of monitored data with mood status; and (3) the effects of monitoring on clinical outcomes...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738347/negative-beliefs-about-voices-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-are-associated-with-distress-a-plea-for-cognitive-behavioural-therapy
#13
Christina W Slotema, Jan Dirk Blom, Mathijs Deen, Marieke B A Niemantsverdriet, Mark van der Gaag, Hans W Hoek, Iris E C Sommer
BACKGROUND: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) are experienced by 21-54% of patients diagnosed with a borderline personality disorder (BPD), and ensuing distress is often high. Little is known about the beliefs these patients foster about their voices, and the influence thereof on distress and need for hospitalisation. METHODS: In a convenience sample of 38 BPD outpatients with AVH, data were collected with the aid of the Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales (PSYRATS), Beliefs about Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ), Social Comparison Rating Scale (SCRS), and Voice Power Differential Scale (VPDS)...
July 22, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733246/defective-recognition-and-naming-of-famous-people-from-voice-in-patients-with-unilateral-temporal-lobe-tumours
#14
C Papagno, G Mattavelli, A Casarotti, L Bello, G Gainotti
Twenty-nine patients who underwent surgery for a temporal glioma, either in the left (16 patients) or right (13 patients) hemisphere, were administered standardized tests of unknown voice discrimination (UVD) and of famous voice recognition (VO-REC), which included tasks of familiarity evaluation, semantic identification and naming of famous voices. The UVD consisted of twenty stimuli, in which two audio files were consecutively presented; the subject was requested to judge whether the voices belonged to the same or different persons...
July 18, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732642/performance-of-the-phonatory-deviation-diagram-in-the-evaluation-of-rough-and-breathy-synthesized-voices
#15
Leonardo Wanderley Lopes, Jonas Almeida de Freitas, Anna Alice Almeida, Priscila Oliveira Costa Silva, Giorvan Ânderson Dos Santos Alves
INTRODUCTION: Voice disorders alter the sound signal in several ways, combining several types of vocal emission disturbances and noise. The Phonatory Deviation Diagram (PDD) is a two-dimensional chart that allows the evaluation of the vocal signal based on the combination of periodicity (jitter, shimmer, and correlation coefficient) and noise (Glottal to Noise Excitation - GNE) measurements. The use of synthesized signals, where one has a greater control and knowledge of the production conditions, may allow a better understanding of the physiological and acoustic mechanisms underlying the vocal emission and its main perceptual-auditory correlates regarding the intensity of the deviation and types of vocal quality...
July 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731072/-evaluation-of-the-results-of-the-prevention-program-protect-your-voice-implemented-by-the-greater-poland-center-of-occupational-medicine-of-poznan
#16
Magdalena Jałowska, Grażyna Wośkowiak, Bożena Wiskirska-Woźnica
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the rationale for training in voice emission and voice prophylaxis among teachers and to assess the effects of voice disorders rehabilitation in the selected group of teachers participating in the program "Protect your voice." MATERIAL AND METHODS: An anonymous survey was conducted among 463 teachers participating in the training part of the program. The effectivness of rehabilitation of teachers with occupational voice disorders was evaluated among 51 subjects (average age: 43 years) taking part in diagnostic and rehabilitation part of the program...
July 26, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720532/lipoid-proteinosis-a-clinical-and-molecular-study-in-egyptian-patients
#17
Hanan H Afifi, Khalda S Amr, Angie M S Tosson, Tarak A Hassan, Mennat I Mehrez, Ghada Y El-Kamah
Lipoid proteinosis (LP) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by the loss of function of ECM1 gene. Clinical features include varying degrees of skin thickening, hoarseness of voice and less frequently neuropsychiatric abnormalities. Twelve patients from ten unrelated families with a clinical diagnosis of lipoid proteinosis were enrolled in this study. Extraction of DNA samples of the 12 patients and their parents from peripheral blood by standard methods was performed. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of the ECM1 gene was conducted using eight pairs of primers spanning over the 10 exons and splice junctions...
July 15, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711608/do-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-have-performance-enhancing-effects-in-female-athletes
#18
REVIEW
Grace Huang, Shehzad Basaria
Doping with anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) is common among both male and female athletes and is a growing public health problem. Review of historical data of systematic state-sponsored doping programs implemented by the German Democratic Republic in elite female athletes and from clinical trials of testosterone administration in non-athlete women suggests that AAS have ergogenic effects in women. The use of AAS in female athletes has been associated with adverse effects that include acne, hirsutism, deepening of the voice and menstrual disturbances; life-threatening adverse effects such as cardiac arrhythmias and sudden death have also been reported...
July 12, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709765/acoustic-and-perceived-measurements-certifying-tango-as-voice-treatment-method
#19
Dionysios Tafiadis, Evangelia I Kosma, Spyridon K Chronopoulos, Aggelos Papadopoulos, Eugenia I Toki, Siafaka Vassiliki, Nausica Ziavra
Voice disorders are affecting everyday life in many levels, and their prevalence has been studied extensively in certain and general populations. Notably, several factors have a cohesive influence on voice disorders and voice characteristics. Several studies report that health and environmental and psychological etiologies can serve as risk factors for voice disorders. Many diagnostic protocols, in the literature, evaluate voice and its parameters leading to direct or indirect treatment intervention. This study was designed to examine the effect of tango on adult acoustic voice parameters...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699270/does-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-voice-and-swallowing-disorders-improve-therapy-adherence-and-outcomes
#20
Juliana K Litts, Mona M Abaza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Laryngoscope
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