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Voice disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661332/voice-disorders-in-the-elderly
#1
REVIEW
Karen M Kost, Robert T Sataloff
Presbyphonia is more common than appreciated by most physicians, and it is associated with undesirable vocal characteristics such as hoarseness, weakness, breathiness, instability, and tremulousness. Hearing impairment in the patient or his or her friends, family, and associates exacerbates the problem, resulting in depression and social withdrawal, further reducing quality of life. Moreover, voice weakness and instability are all too often misinterpreted as reflecting intellectual instability. Expert diagnosis, medical treatment, voice therapy and training, and occasionally surgery usually can maintain or restore vocal stability and "youth...
May 2018: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651311/the-importance-of-the-occupational-vocal-load-for-the-occurence-and-treatment-of-organic-voice-disorders
#2
Miha Zabret, Irena Hočevar Boltežar, Maja Šereg Bahar
Introduction: The voice represents a basic working tool for carrying out certain occupations. Hoarseness, as a consequence of vocal fold lesions, presents an important cause of work-related absences for voice professionals. Methods: Our study was designed as a retrospective cohort one. Data on gender, workplace, vocal load and exposure to risk factors for voice disorders of the patients who had surgery in the 2014-2015 period at the tertiary centre due to benign vocal fold lesions were collected from their clinical records...
March 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627115/migrant-children-within-europe-a-systematic-review-of-children-s-perspectives-on-their-health-experiences
#3
REVIEW
P Curtis, J Thompson, H Fairbrother
OBJECTIVES: To review the extant literature to explore what is known about children's own perspectives on their health experiences, focussing on children and young people who have migrated into, and within, Europe. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review with narrative synthesis. METHODS: A review of English language articles was performed in June 2016 using the following databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane and Web of Science. Included articles had to report data generated directly with children, up to 18 years of age, who had migrated across national borders into, or within, Europe during their own lifetimes...
April 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618865/planning-community-based-intervention-for-speech-for-children-with-cleft-lip-and-palate-from-rural-south-india-a-needs-assessment
#4
Subramaniyan Balasubramaniyan, Vaidyanathan Raghunathan, B Rajashekhar, B W C Sathiyasekaran, Roopa Nagarajan
Background and Aim: A community-based rehabilitation programme, Sri Ramachandra University-Transforming Faces project, was initiated to provide comprehensive management of communication disorders in individuals with CLP in two districts in Tamil Nadu, India. This community-based programme aims to integrate hospital-based services with the community-based initiatives and to enable long-term care. The programme was initiated in Thiruvannamalai (2005) district and extended to Cuddalore (2011)...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615125/in-office-laryngeal-procedures-iolp-in-canada-current-safety-practices-and-procedural-care
#5
Yael Bensoussan, Jennifer Anderson
BACKGROUND: The advent of chip tip technology combined with advanced endoscopy has revolutionized the field of laryngology in the past decade. Procedures such as transnasal esophagoscopy, site-specific steroid injections, injection laryngoplasty and laryngeal laser treatment can now be performed in the office setting under local anaesthesia. Although In-Office Laryngeal Procedures (IOLPs) have become standard-of-care in many American and several Canadian centers, there are no guidelines regulating the practice of these procedures...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611890/biocompatibility-of-injectable-resilin-based-hydrogels
#6
Linqing Li, Jeanna M Stiadle, Elizabeth E Levendoski, Hang K Lau, Susan L Thibeault, Kristi L Kiick
Vocal folds are connective tissues housed in the larynx, which can be subjected to various injuries and traumatic stimuli that lead to aberrant tissue structural alterations and fibrotic-induced biomechanical stiffening observed in patients with voice disorders. Much effort has been devoted to generate soft biomaterials that are injectable directly to sites of injury. To date, materials applied toward these applications have been largely focused on natural extracellular matrix (ECM)-derived materials such as collagen, fibrin or HA; these approaches have suffered from the fact that materials are not sufficiently robust mechanically nor offer sufficient flexibility to modulate material properties for targeted injection...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609904/translation-adaptation-and-preliminary-validation-of-dacakis-and-davies-transsexual-voice-questionnaire-male-to-female-in-french
#7
Dominique Morsomme, Joana Revis, Elisabeth Thomas
Transgender MtF people (trans women) consult otorhinolaryngologists and vocologists with the aim of feminizing their voice and being consistently perceived as women. Treatment of these trans women always begins with a vocal assessment that is relatively unspecific as it was originally constructed for individuals with dysphonia. OBJECTIVES: This study examines the subjective portion of the assessment and specifically the self-assessment questionnaire. There is no French-language questionnaire designed to identify the issues facing people who want voice feminization and quantify the impact of their voice disorder on their daily lives...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594646/newborn-screening-for-pompe-disease-impact-on-families
#8
B Pruniski, E Lisi, N Ali
Pompe disease (PD) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder causing progressive glycogen accumulation in muscles, with variability in age of onset and severity. For infantile-onset PD (IOPD), initiation of early treatment can be life-saving; however, current newborn screening (NBS) technology cannot distinguish IOPD from late-onset PD (LOPD) without clinical workup. Therefore, families of LOPD infants diagnosed by NBS may now spend years or even decades aware of their illness before symptoms appear, creating a pre-symptomatic awareness phase with which the medical community has little experience...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582075/using-smartphones-and-machine-learning-to-quantify-parkinson-disease-severity-the-mobile-parkinson-disease-score
#9
Andong Zhan, Srihari Mohan, Christopher Tarolli, Ruth B Schneider, Jamie L Adams, Saloni Sharma, Molly J Elson, Kelsey L Spear, Alistair M Glidden, Max A Little, Andreas Terzis, E Ray Dorsey, Suchi Saria
Importance: Current Parkinson disease (PD) measures are subjective, rater-dependent, and assessed in clinic. Smartphones can measure PD features, yet no smartphone-derived rating score exists to assess motor symptom severity in real-world settings. Objectives: To develop an objective measure of PD severity and test construct validity by evaluating the ability of the measure to capture intraday symptom fluctuations, correlate with current standard PD outcome measures, and respond to dopaminergic therapy...
March 26, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581266/cracking-the-social-code-of-speech-prosody-using-reverse-correlation
#10
Emmanuel Ponsot, Juan José Burred, Pascal Belin, Jean-Julien Aucouturier
Human listeners excel at forming high-level social representations about each other, even from the briefest of utterances. In particular, pitch is widely recognized as the auditory dimension that conveys most of the information about a speaker's traits, emotional states, and attitudes. While past research has primarily looked at the influence of mean pitch, almost nothing is known about how intonation patterns, i.e., finely tuned pitch trajectories around the mean, may determine social judgments in speech. Here, we introduce an experimental paradigm that combines state-of-the-art voice transformation algorithms with psychophysical reverse correlation and show that two of the most important dimensions of social judgments, a speaker's perceived dominance and trustworthiness, are driven by robust and distinguishing pitch trajectories in short utterances like the word "Hello," which remained remarkably stable whether male or female listeners judged male or female speakers...
March 26, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580740/negative-voice-content-as-a-full-mediator-of-a-relation-between-childhood-adversity-and-distress-ensuing-from-hearing-voices
#11
Cherise Rosen, Simon McCarthy-Jones, Nev Jones, Kayla A Chase, Rajiv P Sharma
A key predictor of whether or not an individual who hears voices (auditory verbal hallucinations; AVH) meets criteria for a psychiatric diagnosis is the level of negative content of the voices (e.g., threats, criticism, abuse). Yet the factors that contribute to negative voice-content are still not well understood. This study aimed to test the hypotheses that levels of childhood adversity would predict levels of negative voice-content, and that negative voice-content would partially mediate a relation between childhood adversity and voice-related distress...
March 23, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572063/agnosia-for-bird-calls
#12
Louwai Muhammed, Chris J D Hardy, Lucy L Russell, Charles R Marshall, Camilla N Clark, Rebecca L Bond, Elizabeth K Warrington, Jason D Warren
The cognitive organisation of nonverbal auditory knowledge remains poorly defined. Deficits of environmental sound as well as word and visual object knowledge are well-recognized in semantic dementia. However, it is unclear how auditory cognition breaks down in this disorder and how this relates to deficits in other knowledge modalities. We had the opportunity to study a patient with a typical syndrome of semantic dementia who had extensive premorbid knowledge of birds, allowing us to assess the impact of the disease on the processing of auditory in relation to visual and verbal attributes of this specific knowledge category...
March 20, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567049/detection-of-pathological-voice-using-cepstrum-vectors-a-deep-learning-approach
#13
Shih-Hau Fang, Yu Tsao, Min-Jing Hsiao, Ji-Ying Chen, Ying-Hui Lai, Feng-Chuan Lin, Chi-Te Wang
OBJECTIVES: Computerized detection of voice disorders has attracted considerable academic and clinical interest in the hope of providing an effective screening method for voice diseases before endoscopic confirmation. This study proposes a deep-learning-based approach to detect pathological voice and examines its performance and utility compared with other automatic classification algorithms. METHODS: This study retrospectively collected 60 normal voice samples and 402 pathological voice samples of 8 common clinical voice disorders in a voice clinic of a tertiary teaching hospital...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553959/a-comparison-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-and-traditional-therapy-versus-traditional-therapy-in-patients-with-longstanding-dysphagia
#14
Jo Frost, Fiona Robinson, Judi Hibberd
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dysphagia in adults arises from a range of causes including acquired neurological disorders and some cancers. Previous research has suggested that treatment using neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) when used in conjunction with conventional therapy is effective. This review describes the recent literature and a small prospective case series carried out in the United Kingdom. This study contributed to support National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidance for clinicians who wish to include NMES in a rehabilitation programme for dysphagic patients, specifically with reference to safety and the impact on swallowing function of this intervention...
March 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553041/aromatase-deficiency-due-to-a-novel-mutation-in-cyp19a1-gene
#15
Edip Ünal, Ruken Yıldırım, Funda Feryal Taş, Vasfiye Demir, Hüseyin Onay, Yusuf Kenan Haspolat
BACKGROUND: Aromatase deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder with an unknown incidence. Aromatase converts androgens into estrogen in the gonadal and extra-gonadal tissues. Aromatase deficiency causes ambiguous genitalia in the female fetus and maternal virilization (hirsutism, acne, cliteromegaly, deep voice) during the pregnancy due to increased concentration of androgens. METHODS AND RESULTS: The-nineteen-month-old girl was assessed due to ambiguous genitalia There were findings of maternal virilization during pregnancy...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549900/long-term-quality-of-life-and-psycho-social-outcomes-after-oropharyngeal-cancer-surgery-and-radial-forearm-free-flap-reconstruction-a-gettec-prospective-multicentric-study
#16
Alexandre Bozec, Pierre Demez, Jocelyn Gal, Emmanuel Chamorey, Marie-Yolande Louis, David Blanchard, Dominique De Raucourt, Jean-Claude Merol, Esteban Brenet, Olivier Dassonville, Gilles Poissonnet, José Santini, Frédéric Peyrade, Karen Benezery, Maria Lesnik, Etienne Berta, Pierre Ransy, Emmanuel Babin
OBJECTIVE: To assess long-term quality of life (QoL) and psycho-social outcomes, and to determine their predictive factors after oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) surgery and radial forearm free-flap (RFFF) reconstruction. METHODS: Patients who had undergone OPC surgery and RFFF reconstruction who were still alive and disease-free at least 1 year after surgery were enrolled in this prospective multicentric study. Patients completed the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core (QLQ-C30) and Head and Neck Cancer (QLQ-H&N35) QoL questionnaires, the Voice Handicap Index (VHI-10) questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
March 2018: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513872/prevalence-of-communication-swallowing-and-orofacial-myofunctional-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-at-the-time-of-admission-at-a-cancer-hospital
#17
Kaliani Lima Coça, Anke Bergmann, Sima Ferman, Elisabete Carrara de Angelis, Márcia Gonçalves Ribeiro
PURPOSE: Describe the prevalence of communication, swallowing and orofacial myofunctional disorders in a group of children and adolescents at the time of registration at a cancer hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted with children aged ≥2 and adolescents, of both genders, admitted to the Pediatric Oncology Section of the Instituto Nacional de Câncer José de Alencar Gomes da Silva (INCA) from March 2014 to April 2015 for investigation and/or treatment of solid tumors...
March 1, 2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511011/the-influence-of-hazardous-drinking-on-psychological-functioning-stress-and-sleep-during-and-after-treatment-in-patients-with-mental-health-problems-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-intervention-study
#18
Catharina Strid, Claes Andersson, Agneta Öjehagen
OBJECTIVES: Hazardous drinking could negatively affect health and lead to alcohol use disorders, but it is unclear how hazardous drinking affects treatment outcomes of depression and anxiety and stress-related mental health problems. The aim of this study was to examine whether hazardous drinking, measured by Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption (AUDIT-C), influences the outcomes of repeated assessments of psychological functioning (Outcome Questionnaire-45), stress (Perceived Stress Scale) and sleep (Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire), during and after treatment in patients with mental ill health...
March 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510813/electronic-monitoring-in-bipolar-disorder
#19
Maria Faurholt-Jepsen
Major reasons for the insufficient effects of current treatment options in bipolar disorder include delayed intervention for prodromal depressive and manic symptoms and decreased adherence to psychopharmacological treatment. The reliance on subjective information and clinical evaluations when diagnosing and assessing the severity of depressive and manic symptoms calls for less biased and more objective markers. By using electronic devices, fine-grained data on complex psychopathological aspects of bipolar disorder can be evaluated unobtrusively over the long term...
March 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501313/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-paradoxical-vocal-fold-motion-in-infants
#20
Ashley P O'Connell Ferster, Tom Shokri, Michele Carr
IMPORTANCE: Paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM) is a disorder often misdiagnosed in children presenting with shortness of breath and stridor. In infants, little is known about the clinical course and best approach for treatment of PVFM. This retrospective study assesses the approach to treatment and outcomes for infants with PVFM. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical course of paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM) in infants. DESIGN: Retrospective review...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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