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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319204/responses-to-others-pain-in-adults-with-autistic-traits-the-influence-of-gender-and-stimuli-modality
#1
Jing Meng, Zuoshan Li, Lin Shen
Individuals with autism-spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibit impairments in response to others' pain. Evidence suggests that features of autism are not restricted to individuals with ASD, and that autistic traits vary throughout the general population. To investigate the association between autistic traits and the responses to others' pain in typically developing adults, we employed the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) to quantify autistic traits in a group of 1670 healthy adults and explored whether 60 participants (30 males and 30 females) with 10% highest AQ scores (High-AQ) would exhibit difficulties in the responses to others' pain relative to 60 participants (30 males and 30 females) with 10% lowest AQ scores (Low-AQ)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318967/pitch-strength-as-an-outcome-measure-for-treatment-of-dysphonia
#2
Lisa M Kopf, Cristina Jackson-Menaldi, Adam D Rubin, Jean Skeffington, Eric J Hunter, Mark D Skowronski, Rahul Shrivastav
BACKGROUND: Measurement of treatment outcomes is critical for the spectrum of voice treatments (ie, surgical, behavioral, or pharmacological). Outcome measures typically include visual (eg, stroboscopic data), auditory (eg, Consensus Auditory-Perceptual Evaluation of Voice; Grade, Roughness, Breathiness, Asthenia, Strain), and objective correlates of vocal fold vibratory characteristics, such as acoustic signals (eg, harmonics-to-noise ratio, cepstral peak prominence) or patient self-reported questionnaires (eg, Voice Handicap Index, Voice-Related Quality of Life)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304188/the-effect-of-unilateral-thalamic-deep-brain-stimulation-on-the-vocal-dysfunction-in-a-patient-with-spasmodic-dysphonia-interrogating-cerebellar-and-pallidal-neural-circuits
#3
Anujan Poologaindran, Zurab Ivanishvili, Murray D Morrison, Linda A Rammage, Mini K Sandhu, Nancy E Polyhronopoulos, Christopher R Honey
Spasmodic dysphonia (SD) is a neurological disorder of the voice where a patient's ability to speak is compromised due to involuntary contractions of the intrinsic laryngeal muscles. Since the 1980s, SD has been treated with botulinum toxin A (BTX) injections into the throat. This therapy is limited by the delayed-onset of benefits, wearing-off effects, and repeated injections required every 3 months. In a patient with essential tremor (ET) and coincident SD, the authors set out to quantify the effects of thalamic deep brain stimulation (DBS) on vocal function while investigating the underlying motor thalamic circuitry...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304076/sexual-dimorphism-in-laryngeal-muscle-fibers-and-ultrasonic-vocalizations-in-the-adult-rat
#4
Charles Lenell, Aaron M Johnson
OBJECTIVE: The human voice is sexually dimorphic in obvious ways, such as differences in fundamental frequency and gross laryngeal anatomy, but also in less apparent ways, such as in the prevalence and types of voice disorders and the manifestation of voice changes in advanced age. Differences between males and females are rarely explored, however, in mechanistic animal studies. The goal of this study was to explore sexual dimorphism in laryngeal function and structure in adult rats by examining ultrasonic vocalization acoustics and muscle fiber size and type in the thyroarytenoid muscle...
March 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302595/behavioral-indicators-on-a-mobile-sensing-platform-predict-clinically-validated-psychiatric-symptoms-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders
#5
Skyler Place, Danielle Blanch-Hartigan, Channah Rubin, Cristina Gorrostieta, Caroline Mead, John Kane, Brian P Marx, Joshua Feast, Thilo Deckersbach, Alex Sandy Pentland, Andrew Nierenberg, Ali Azarbayejani
BACKGROUND: There is a critical need for real-time tracking of behavioral indicators of mental disorders. Mobile sensing platforms that objectively and noninvasively collect, store, and analyze behavioral indicators have not yet been clinically validated or scalable. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to report on models of clinical symptoms for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression derived from a scalable mobile sensing platform. METHODS: A total of 73 participants (67% [49/73] male, 48% [35/73] non-Hispanic white, 33% [24/73] veteran status) who reported at least one symptom of PTSD or depression completed a 12-week field trial...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300937/analysis-of-voice-related-quality-of-life-in-children
#6
Bárbara Oliveira Souza, Raquel Buzelin Nunes, Amélia Augusta de Lima Friche, Ana Cristina Côrtes Gama
Purpose: To analyze the voice-related quality of life of children with dysphonia and without voice disorders in a population sample of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais state, Brazil. Methods: Study participants were 420 children, 98 with dysphonia and 322 without voice disorders, aged six to 10 years, enrolled in public and private elementary schools. The random sample was divided into two groups: dysphonic children (study group - SG) and children without vocal disorders (control group - CG)...
March 13, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282892/detection-of-the-vibration-signal-from-human-vocal-folds-using-a-94-ghz-millimeter-wave-radar
#7
Fuming Chen, Sheng Li, Yang Zhang, Jianqi Wang
The detection of the vibration signal from human vocal folds provides essential information for studying human phonation and diagnosing voice disorders. Doppler radar technology has enabled the noncontact measurement of the human-vocal-fold vibration. However, existing systems must be placed in close proximity to the human throat and detailed information may be lost because of the low operating frequency. In this paper, a long-distance detection method, involving the use of a 94-GHz millimeter-wave radar sensor, is proposed for detecting the vibration signals from human vocal folds...
March 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277395/exploring-the-strengths-of-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#8
Jahangir Maghsoudi, HamidReza Oreyzi, Ali Zargham-Boroujeni
BACKGROUND: Professional nurses typically pay significantly more attention to the weaknesses rather than strengths of their psychiatric patients. Thus, new approaches to care are needed to discover the strengths of these patients and to provide effective encouragement during the caring process. However, little is currently known regarding the strengths that psychiatric patients possess during their illness and healing. PURPOSE: The current study aimed to explore the self-perceptions and experiences of psychiatric patients regarding their strengths...
April 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277335/voice-and-swallowing-outcomes-for-adults-undergoing-reconstructive-surgery-for-laryngotracheal-stenosis
#9
Gemma M Clunie, Andrew J Kinshuck, Gurpreet S Sandhu, Justin W G Roe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adult laryngotracheal stenosis is a rare, multifactorial condition which carries a significant physical and psychosocial burden. Surgical approaches have developed in recent years, however, voice and swallowing function can be affected prior to treatment, in the immediate postoperative phase, and as an ongoing consequence of the condition and surgical intervention. In this study we discuss: the nature of the problem; surgical interventions to address airway disorders; optimal patterns of care to maximize voice and swallowing outcomes...
March 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273984/study-of-risk-factors-for-development-of-voice-disorders-and-its-impact-on-the-quality-of-life-of-school-teachers-in-mangalore-india
#10
Arati Alva, Megna Machado, Kiran Bhojwani, Suja Sreedharan
INTRODUCTION: School teachers are most prone to the development and detrimental effects of voice disorders as a consequence of their work. The risk factors for development of dysphonia in teachers are multifactorial. AIM: The primary aim of our study was to investigate the various risk factors that influence the onset and progression of voice disorders in school teachers in the Indian context. We wanted to assess the effect of voice problems on the physical, psychosocial and functional aspect of a teacher's life...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262502/investigation-of-the-effects-of-speech-signal-length-on-vocal-disorder-sorting-done-via-dynamic-pattern-modeling
#11
Vida Mehdizadehfar, Farshad Almasganj, Farhad Torabinezhad
OBJECTIVES: Development of a noninvasive method for separating different vocal fold diseases is an important issue concerning vocal analysis. Due to the time variations along a pathologic vocal signal, application of dynamic pattern modeling tools is expected to help in the detection of defects that occur in the speech production mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, the hidden Markov model, which is a state space model, is employed to sort some of the vocal diseases...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258685/-analysis-of-phonosurgical-methods-of-treatment-in-spasmodic-dysphonia
#12
Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna, Greta Berger, Maciej Zdrojkowski
Spasmodic dysphonia (SD) is rather a rare voice disorder. It is most often seen in woman aged 40-50. The disease is caused by deep emotional and neurological disorders of extrapyramidal system. Two main clinical forms of SD are distinguished: about 90% of cases - adductor spasmodic dysphonia and abductor spasmodic dysphonia roughly 10%. Conservative therapy does not always yield sufficient effects. Botulinum toxin - type A injections into the thyroarytenoid muscle are also used in therapy. Though results are temporary and reversible...
February 20, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254454/developmental-phonagnosia-linking-neural-mechanisms-with-the-behavioural-phenotype
#13
Claudia Roswandowitz, Stefanie Schelinski, Katharina von Kriegstein
Human voice recognition is critical for many aspects of social communication. Recently, a rare disorder, developmental phonagnosia, which describes the inability to recognise a speaker's voice, has been discovered. The underlying neural mechanisms are unknown. Here, we used two functional magnetic resonance imaging experiments to investigate brain function in two behaviourally well characterised phonagnosia cases, both 32 years old: AS has apperceptive and SP associative phonagnosia. We found distinct malfunctioned brain mechanisms in AS and SP matching their behavioural profiles...
February 22, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249075/the-effect-of-information-and-severity-on-perception-of-speakers-with-adductor-spasmodic-dysphonia
#14
Tanya L Eadie, Reyhaneh Rajabzadeh, Derek D Isetti, Martin T Nevdahl, Carolyn R Baylor
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of severity of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD) and information about it on unfamiliar listeners' attitudes about speakers' personal characteristics, perceived vocal effort, and listener comfort on the basis of ratings of speech recordings. Method: Fifteen women with ADSD and 5 controls provided speech samples. Forty-five unfamiliar listeners were randomized into 3 groups. Listeners in Group 1 received no information, listeners in Group 2 were told that some speakers had voice disorders or had no voice concerns, and listeners in Group 3 were provided diagnostic labels for each speaker and information about ADSD...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245989/fmri-study-of-graduated-emotional-charge-for-detection-of-covert-activity-using-passive-listening-to-narratives
#15
Anna Sontheimer, François Vassal, Betty Jean, Fabien Feschet, Vincent Lubrano, Jean-Jacques Lemaire
Detection of awareness in patients with consciousness disorders is a challenge that can be facilitated by functional neuroimaging. We elaborated a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) protocol to detect covert in altered states of consciousness. We hypothesized that passive listening to narratives with graduated emotional charge triggers graduated cerebral activations. The fMRI protocol was designed in healthy subjects for further clinical applications. The emotional charge was graduated using voice familiarity and long-term declarative memory content: low emotional charge, unknown person telling general semantic memory; mean emotional charge, relative telling the same narratives; high emotional charge, same relative telling autobiographical memory...
February 27, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242133/comparison-of-voice-handicap-index-scores-between-female-students-of-speech-therapy-and-other-health-professions
#16
Dionysios Tafiadis, Spyridon K Chronopoulos, Vassiliki Siafaka, Konstantinos Drosos, Evangelia I Kosma, Eugenia I Toki, Nausica Ziavra
Students' groups (eg, teachers, speech language pathologists) are presumably at risk of developing a voice disorder due to misuse of their voice, which will affect their way of living. Multidisciplinary voice assessment of student populations is currently spread widely along with the use of self-reported questionnaires. This study compared the Voice Handicap Index domains and item scores between female students of speech and language therapy and of other health professions in Greece. We also examined the probability of speech language therapy students developing any vocal symptom...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239584/assessment-of-treatment-response-in-patients-with-laryngopharyngeal-reflux
#17
Anagha Atul Joshi, Bhagyashri Ganesh Chiplunkar, Renuka Anil Bradoo
To evaluate treatment response in patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). A prospective study of 100 patients with voice disorders was conducted. Patients were evaluated using reflux symptom index (RSI) and reflux finding score (RFS) by 70° rigid laryngoscope. Patients with RFS score of 7 or more were diagnosed of having LPR and were started with anti-reflux therapy for a period of 6 months. Patients were assessed at regular intervals using RSI and RFS. The prevalence of LPR in patients with voice disorders was found to be 25%...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229063/childhood-laryngeal-dystonia-following-bilateral-globus-pallidus-abnormality-a-case-study-and-review-of-literature
#18
Mohammad Javad Saeedi Borujeni, Ebrahim Esfandiary, Mostafa Almasi-Dooghaee
INTRODUCTION: Dystonia is a disorder of movement caused by various etiologies. Laryngeal dystonia is caused by the spasm of laryngeal muscles. It is a disorder caused by vocal fold movement in which excessive adduction or abduction of the vocal folds occurs during speech. The pathophysiology of this type of dystonia is not fully known. Some researchers have suggested that basal ganglia structures and their connections with cortical areas have been involved in the pathogenesis of dystonia...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216207/musculoskeletal-pain-and-occupational-variables-in-teachers-with-voice-disorders-and-in-those-with-healthy-voices-a-pilot-study
#19
Jhonatan da Silva Vitor, Larissa Thaís Donalonso Siqueira, Vanessa Veis Ribeiro, Janine Santos Ramos, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare musculoskeletal pain perception in teachers with voice disorders and in those with healthy voices, and to investigate the relationship between musculoskeletal pain and occupational variables (ie, work journey per week and working period). METHOD: Forty-three classroom teachers were divided into two groups: dysphonic group (DG), 32 classroom teachers with voice complaints and voice disorders; and non-DG, 11 classroom teachers without voice complaints and who are vocally healthy...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213999/application-of-the-acoustic-voice-quality-index-for-objective-measurement-of-dysphonia-severity
#20
Faustino Núñez-Batalla, Estefanía Díaz-Fresno, Andrea Álvarez-Fernández, Gabriela Muñoz Cordero, José Luis Llorente Pendás
INTRODUCTION: Over the past several decades, many acoustic parameters have been studied as sensitive to and to measure dysphonia. However, current acoustic measures might not be sensitive measures of perceived voice quality. A meta-analysis which evaluated the relationship between perceived overall voice quality and several acoustic-phonetic correlates, identified measures that do not rely on the extraction of the fundamental period, such the measures derived from the cepstrum, and that can be used in sustained vowel as well as continuous speech samples...
February 14, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
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