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Foot and ankle arthroscopy

Henryk Liszka, Artur Gądek
BACKGROUND: Complex anesthesia is increasingly used in order to reduce postoperative pain and accelerate rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of preemptive local anesthesia combined with general or spinal anesthesia in ankle arthroscopy. METHODS: From January 2014 to February 2016, 80 ankle anterior arthroscopies were performed. Patients were randomly assigned to one of 4 groups, depending on the type of anesthesia: A, general and local preemptive; B, spinal and local preemptive; C, general and placebo; D, spinal and placebo...
September 12, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Sean T Grambart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Thomas Zgonis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Christopher L Reeves, Amber M Shane, Trevor Payne, Zac Cavins
Arthroscopy has advanced in the foot and ankle realm, leading to new innovative techniques designed toward treatment of small joint abnormality. A range of abnormalities that are currently widespread for arthroscopic treatment in larger joints continues to be translated to congruent modalities in the small joints. Small joint arthroscopy offers relief from foot ailments with a noninvasive element afforded by arthroscopy. Early studies have found comparable results from arthroscopic soft tissue procedures as well as arthrodesis of the small joints when compared with the standard open approach...
October 2016: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Eric A Barp, John G Erickson, Eric R Reese
In recent years, arthroscopic procedures of the foot and ankle have seen a significant increase in both indications and popularity. Furthermore, technological advances in video quality, fluid management, and other arthroscopy-specific instruments continue to make arthroscopic procedures more effective with reproducible outcomes. As surgeons continue to use this approach, it is important that they have a complete understanding of the instrumentation available to them, including their indications and limitations...
October 2016: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Kevin J DiSilvestro, Adam J Santoro, Fotios P Tjoumakaris, Eric A Levicoff, Kevin B Freedman
BACKGROUND: Patients often ask their doctors when they can safely return to driving after orthopaedic injuries and procedures, but the data regarding this topic are diverse and sometimes conflicting. Some studies provide observer-reported outcome measures, such as brake response time or simulators, to estimate when patients can safely resume driving after surgery, and patient survey data describing when patients report a return to driving, but they do not all agree. We performed a systematic review and quality appraisal for available data regarding when patients are safe to resume driving after common orthopaedic surgeries and injuries affecting the ability to drive...
August 4, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Shiu-Bii Lien, Hsain-Chung Shen, Leou-Chyr Lin
Subtle injuries of the Lisfranc joint complex are uncommon and difficult to diagnose clinically and thus are easily missed even by experienced orthopedic doctors. Misdiagnosed injuries can lead to chronic disability until eventual fusion surgery. We describe 10 cases diagnosed with subtle injury of the Lisfranc joint that were treated with combined innovative portal arthroscopy and fluoroscopy-assisted reduction and percutaneous screw fixation in an interfragmentary fashion. The distance between the first and second metatarsals (the Lisfranc distance) and that between the medial cuneiform and fifth metatarsal base (foot arch height) was measured before and after surgery...
June 21, 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Yuan Zhu, Xiangyang Xu
BACKGROUND: Large cystic osteochondral defects of the talus can be challenging to treat. This retrospective control study looked at the use of osteochondral autograft transfer combined with cancellous allograft in patients with advanced cartilage and subchondral bone damage of the talus. METHODS: Thirteen patients were treated with large cystic osteochondral defect of the talus between February 2010 and July 2013. All of these cystic osteochondral defects were larger than 15 mm in diameter...
June 23, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Yong Sang Kim, Moses Lee, Yong Gon Koh
BACKGROUND: Supramalleolar osteotomy (SMO) is reported to be an effective treatment for varus ankle osteoarthritis by redistributing the load line within the ankle joint. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been proposed as a new treatment option for osteoarthritis on the basis of their cartilage regeneration ability. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical, radiological, and second-look arthroscopic outcomes between MSC injection with marrow stimulation and marrow stimulation alone in patients with varus ankle osteoarthritis who have undergone SMO...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Mareen Braunstein, Sebastian F Baumbach, Markus Regauer, Wolfgang Böcker, Hans Polzer
BACKGROUND: An anatomical reconstruction of the ankle congruity is the important prerequisite in the operative treatment of acute ankle fractures. Despite anatomic restoration patients regularly suffer from residual symptoms after these fractures. There is growing evidence, that a poor outcome is related to the concomitant traumatic intra-articular pathology. By supplementary ankle arthroscopy anatomic reduction can be confirmed and associated intra-articular injuries can be treated. Nevertheless, the vast majority of complex ankle fractures are managed by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) only...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Khalil H Chamseddin, Melissa L Kirkwood
Arthroscopy of the foot and ankle is a common orthopedic procedure with low complication rates. Arterial injuries from these procedures are an even more rare subset of the complications. Hemophilia A is a genetic disorder of aberrant coagulation, which leads to increased risk of bleeding even after minor trauma. We present the second case of anterior tibial artery pseudoaneurysm formation secondary to ankle arthroscopy in a hemophiliac patient and suggest that these individuals are at higher risk for developing complications associated with arterial injury...
July 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Hong-liang Li, Shu-yuan Li, Chun-bao Li, Wei Qui, Feng Qu, Qi Guo, Xue-zhen Shen, Xi Lu, Yu-jie Liu, Min Wei
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of arthroscopic debridement for acute gouty arthritis of the ankle. METHODS: Forty-one patients with acute gouty arthritis of the ankle were treated under arthroscopy from January 2010 to June 2012. All the patients were male, age in ranging from 28 to 69 years with an average of 43 years. Eighteen patients were in the left ankles and 23 in the right ankles; 12 cases were firstly attack and 29 cases were recurrent attack. Course of disease was from 2 weeks to 30 months...
March 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Hong-liang Li, Shu-yuan Li, Wei Qi, Chun-bao Li, Feng Qu, Guo Qi, Gang Zhao, Yu-jie Liu, Juan-li Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of arthroscopy-assisted minimally invasive management of bunion and hallux valgus deformities. METHODS: Total 50 patients (53 feet) with bunion and hallux valgus deformities were treated under arthroscopy from July 2008 to July 2011, with an average age of 42.3 years old (ranging from 30 to 65 years old) involving 19 left feet, 28 right feet and 3 both feet. The American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hallux metatarsophalangeal-interphalangeal(MP-IP) Scale Score was used to evaluate the therapeutic effect...
February 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Kemal Gökkuş, Halil Atmaca, Ergin Sagtas, Murat Saylik, Ahmet T Aydin
Trevor's disease, also known as dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica, is a rare nonhereditary skeletal development disorder that affects epiphyses. This type of dysplastic lesion was first reported by Mouchet and Berlot in 1926 under the name 'tarsomegaly'. The main aim of this study is to raise awareness of Trevor's disease among orthopedic surgeons and underline some important aspects of treatment by a detailed presentation of four different possible manifestations of the disease. Four different treatment methods were used on four different patients (three localized in hindfoot ankle region and one classic Trevor's disease case)...
April 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Alexander R Willis, Adil A Samad, Gail T Prado, Glenn G Gabisan
Heterotopic ossification has been reported to occur after musculoskeletal trauma (including orthopedic procedures). This has been known to cause nerve entrapment syndromes and persistent pain, limiting joint mobility. We present a case of a 19-year old female collegiate athlete who had previously undergone ankle arthroscopy and arthrotomy to remove 2 ossicles. At approximately 1 year postoperatively, the patient developed pain when planting and pivoting her foot. Imaging revealed a radiodense lesion at the posteromedial ankle consistent with heterotopic ossification and entrapment of the tibial nerve within the tarsal tunnel...
September 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Alexej Barg, Charles L Saltzman, Timothy C Beals, Kent N Bachus, Brad D Blankenhorn, Florian Nickisch
PURPOSE: To evaluate the accessibility of the talar dome through anterior and posterior portals for ankle arthroscopy with the standard noninvasive distraction versus wire-based longitudinal distraction using a tensioned wire placed transversely through the calcaneal tuberosity. METHODS: Seven matched pairs of thigh-to-foot specimens underwent ankle arthroscopy with 1 of 2 methods of distraction: a standard noninvasive strapping technique or a calcaneal tuberosity wire-based technique...
July 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Leonardo Osti, Angelo Del Buono, Nicola Maffulli
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to report the clinical and functional outcomes following arthroscopic management of anterior impingement, grade III-IV cartilage lesions, and mild to moderate osteoarthritis of the ankle in former soccer players. METHODS: The study included 15 former male professional soccer players with mild to moderate degenerative changes of the ankle who had undergone arthroscopic debridement and management of secondary injuries of the ankle...
2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Mariana Korbage de Araujo, Mario Sergio Paulillo de Cillo, Cinthia Kelly Bittar, José Luis Amin Zabeu, Caroliny Nociti Moreira Cezar
OBJECTIVE: To assess pain and function of the ankle in patients with injuries up to 1.5 cm diameter by the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score after arthroscopic treatment. METHODS: The AOFAS scale was applied before and after arthroscopy, as well as the degree of subjective satisfaction of ambulatory patients. Patients with type I osteochondral injuries, acute trauma, using plaster, presenting lesions in other joints of the lower limbs and cognitive impairment that would prevent the application of the satisfaction questionnaire were excluded from the study...
January 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
Yong Sang Kim, Yong Gon Koh
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical and second-look arthroscopic outcomes in patients undergoing arthroscopic marrow stimulation combined with lateral sliding calcaneal osteotomy for varus ankle osteoarthritis, with or without adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) injection. METHODS: In this retrospective comparative study, 49 patients with varus ankle osteoarthritis underwent second-look arthroscopy after arthroscopic marrow stimulation combined with lateral sliding calcaneal osteotomy between January 2010 and November 2012; 23 ankles underwent marrow stimulation alone (group 1), and 26 underwent marrow stimulation with MSC injection (group 2)...
May 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Simon Chambers, Jayasree Ramaskandhan, Malik Siddique
BACKGROUND: It has been previously demonstrated that radiographic severity of arthritis predicts outcome following knee replacement. In certain circumstances, patients may undergo arthroplasty without severe radiographic disease. An example may be the patient with significant chondral damage unsuccessfully treated with arthroscopy. This patient may proceed to joint replacement when their radiographs would not normally merit such intervention. We investigated whether these findings were also applicable to total ankle replacements (TARs)...
April 2016: Foot & Ankle International
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