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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086975/a-qualitative-study-of-women-s-and-health-providers-attitudes-and-acceptability-of-mistreatment-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-in-guinea
#1
Mamadou Diouldé Balde, Abou Bangoura, Boubacar Alpha Diallo, Oumar Sall, Habibata Balde, Aïssatou Sona Niakate, Joshua P Vogel, Meghan A Bohren
BACKGROUND: Reducing maternal morbidity and mortality remains a key health challenge in Guinea. Anecdotal evidence suggests that women in Guinea are subjected to mistreatment during childbirth in health facilities, but limited research exists on this topic. This study was conducted to better understand the social norms and the acceptability of four scenarios of mistreatment during childbirth, from the perspectives of women and service providers. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods including in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) with women of reproductive age, midwives, nurses and doctors...
January 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077145/perceptions-and-experiences-of-the-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-in-guinea-a-qualitative-study-with-women-and-service-providers
#2
Mamadou Diouldé Balde, Boubacar Alpha Diallo, Abou Bangoura, Oumar Sall, Anne Marie Soumah, Joshua P Vogel, Meghan A Bohren
BACKGROUND: Every woman is entitled to respectful care during childbirth; so it is concerning to hear of informal reports of mistreatment during childbirth in Guinea. This study sought to explore the perceptions and experiences of mistreatment during childbirth, from the perspectives of women and service providers, and the analysis presents findings according to a typology of mistreatment during childbirth. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods (in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs)) and was conducted with four groups of participants: women of reproductive age, midwives, doctors, and administrators...
January 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032029/evaluation-and-treatment-of-internal-impingement-of-the-shoulder-in-overhead-athletes
#3
REVIEW
Keith T Corpus, Christopher L Camp, David M Dines, David W Altchek, Joshua S Dines
One of the most common pathologic processes seen in overhead throwing athletes is posterior shoulder pain resulting from internal impingement. "Internal impingement" is a term used to describe a constellation of symptoms which result from the greater tuberosity of the humerus and the articular surface of the rotator cuff abutting the posterosuperior glenoid when the shoulder is in an abducted and externally rotated position. The pathophysiology in symptomatic internal impingement is multifactorial, involving physiologic shoulder remodeling, posterior capsular contracture, and scapular dyskinesis...
December 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026797/a-bi-level-optimization-model-for-grouping-constrained-storage-location-assignment-problems
#4
Jing Xie, Yi Mei, Andreas T Ernst, Xiaodong Li, Andy Song
In this paper, a novel bi-level grouping optimization (BIGO) model is proposed for solving the storage location assignment problem with grouping constraint (SLAP-GC). A major challenge in this problem is the grouping constraint which restricts the number of groups each product can have and the locations of items in the same group. In SLAP-GC, the problem consists of two subproblems, one is how to group the items, and the other one is how to assign the groups to locations. It is an arduous task to solve the two subproblems simultaneously...
December 23, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984667/optimization-of-on-line-hydrogen-stable-isotope-ratio-measurements-of-halogen-and-sulfur-bearing-organic-compounds-using-elemental-analyzer-chromium-high-temperature-conversion-isotope-ratio-mass-spectrometry-ea-cr-htc-irms
#5
Matthias Gehre, Julian Renpenning, Heike Geilmann, Haiping Qi, Tyler B Coplen, Steffen Kümmel, Natalija Ivdra, Willi A Brand, Arndt Schimmelmann
RATIONALE: Accurate hydrogen isotopic analysis of halogen- and sulfur-bearing organics has not been possible with traditional high-temperature conversion (HTC) because the formation of hydrogen-bearing reaction products other than molecular hydrogen (H2 ) is responsible for non-quantitative H2 -yields and possible hydrogen isotopic fractionation. Our previously introduced, new chromium-based EA-Cr/HTC-IRMS (Elemental Analyzer - Chromium/High Temperature Conversion - Isotope-Ratio Mass Spectrometry) technique focused primarily on nitrogen-bearing compounds...
December 16, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942510/is-clinical-evaluation-alone-sufficient-for-the-diagnosis-of-a-bankart-lesion-without-the-use-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#6
Bryan Loh, Jason Beng Teck Lim, Andrew Hwee Chye Tan
BACKGROUND: Imaging modalities such as magnetic resonance arthrogram (MRA) offer great utility in diagnosing Bankart lesions but they are associated with a high degree of intra and interobserver variability. This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of clinical evaluation and imaging modalities in Bankart lesions such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and MRA of the shoulder. METHODS: Between February 2004 to January 2015, a retrospectively review of the surgical records at a tertiary hospital identified a total of 250 patients treated with a shoulder arthroscopy for Bankart repair...
November 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904970/reliability-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-versus-arthroscopy-for-the-diagnosis-and-classification-of-superior-glenoid-labrum-anterior-to-posterior-lesions
#7
Fatih Yıldız, Kerem Bilsel, Anıl Pulatkan, Gökçer Uzer, Ayşe Aralaşmak, Musa Atay
PURPOSE: The physical examination of the shoulder is usually not reliable for the true diagnosis of superior glenoid labrum anterior to posterior (SLAP) lesions. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been routinely used for the diagnosis. This prospective study investigates the radiological diagnosis of the SLAP lesions and compares accuracy of arthroscopic and MRI classifications. METHODS: One hundred thirty-two patients with positive physical examination signs using O'Brien, Yergason, resistance supination external rotation and Krank tests and MRI findings are included in the study...
November 30, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878826/a-multifaceted-risk-analysis-of-fathers-self-reported-physical-violence-toward-their-children
#8
Noora Ellonen, Kirsi Peltonen, Tarja Pösö, Staffan Janson
Existing research has shown that child maltreatment is carried out by both mothers and fathers. There is also an extensive body of literature analyzing reasons for mothers' violent behavior. Among fathers, reasons are less well studied, resulting in the lack of a comprehensive picture of paternal child abuse. In this study, 20 child-, parent-, and family-related factors have been included in a combined analysis to assess which of these may pose a risk for fathers' severe violent behavior toward their children...
November 23, 2016: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872991/shoulder-manual-muscle-resistance-test-cannot-fully-detect-muscle-weakness
#9
Takayuki Nagatomi, Tatsuo Mae, Teruyoshi Nagafuchi, Shin-Ichi Yamada, Koutatsu Nagai, Minoru Yoneda
PURPOSE: The shoulder manual resistance test is one of the common clinical assessments for patients with muscle weakness. However, there have been no studies investigating the threshold for muscle weakness. The purpose of this study was to clarify the threshold for muscle weakness in the shoulder manual muscle resistance test. METHODS: Fifty-three patients (37.9 ± 20.6 years old) with either rotator cuff tear (21 patients), superior labrum anterior-to-posterior (SLAP) lesion (7 patients), or Bankart lesion (25 patients) of one shoulder were administered three manual muscle resistance tests (abduction strength, external rotation, and belly press tests)...
November 21, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852328/a-pilot-program-of-knowledge-translation-and-implementation-for-newborn-resuscitation-using-us-peace-corps-volunteers-in-rural-madagascar
#10
Kristin Close, Michele Karel, Michelle White
BACKGROUND: Prevention of adverse perinatal outcome using the Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) neonatal resuscitation algorithm can reduce perinatal mortality in low income settings. Mercy Ships is a non-governmental organisation providing free healthcare education in sub-Saharan Africa and in an attempt to reach more rural areas of Madagascar with our neonatal resuscitation training we designed a novel approach in collaboration with US Peace Corps Volunteers (PCV). PCVs work in rural areas and contribute to locally determined public health initiatives...
November 16, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836534/the-use-and-out-of-pocket-cost-of-urgent-care-clinics-and-retail-based-clinics-by-adolescents-and-young-adults-compared-with-children
#11
Charlene A Wong, Alexander Bain, Daniel Polsky, Raina M Merchant, Yaa Akosa Antwi, Gail Slap, David Rubin, Carol A Ford
PURPOSE: We describe the use and out-of-pocket cost of urgent care clinics (UCCs) and retail-based clinics (RBCs) as ambulatory care alternatives to physician offices among children, adolescents, and young adults, and examine differences in use by age. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis describing diagnoses and out-of-pocket costs for 8.9 million UCC, RBC, and physician office encounters by privately insured child (aged <11 years), adolescent (aged 11-18 years), and young adult (aged 19-30 years) beneficiaries in a U...
January 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829728/mr-arthrography-evaluation-in-patients-with-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability
#12
Luca Saba, Massimo De Filippo
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate retrospectively the diagnostic accuracy of MR arthrography, compared with arthroscopy, in research of the glenoid labrum tear in patients with a first episode of traumatic anterior shoulder instability (TUBS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the MR arthrography shoulder images of 118 patients with a first episode of TUBS, between June 2014 and May 2016. RESULTS: The overall accuracy of MR arthrography compared with arthroscopy of the glenoid labrum lesions was 94%, sensitivity 93%, and specificity 96%...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826700/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-diagnostic-test-of-mra-versus-mri-for-detection-superior-labrum-anterior-to-posterior-lesions-type-ii-vii
#13
REVIEW
Alisara Arirachakaran, Manusak Boonard, Kornkit Chaijenkij, Kwanchai Pituckanotai, Akom Prommahachai, Jatupon Kongtharvonskul
OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in superior labrum anterior to posterior lesions (type II-VII) of the shoulder. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PubMed and Scopus search engines, an electronic search of articles was performed from inception to February 19, 2016. Diagnostic performance of index tests was compared by the summary area under receiver operator characteristic curve (AUROC)...
February 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810732/tailored-poly-ethylene-glycol-dimethacrylate-based-shape-memory-polymer-for-orthopedic-applications
#14
G Jerald Maria Antony, Chethan S Jarali, S T Aruna, S Raja
Shape-memory polymers (SMPs) are stimuli-responsive materials known for their outstanding ability to be actuated from temporary shape into original shape. Because of this unique functionality SMPs are promising materials for diverse technological applications including smart biomedical devices. In this article, the work has been focused towards tailoring the SMP precursor and crosslinker wt% to obtain biocompatible acrylate based shape memory polymer with glass transition temperature (Tg) close to human body temperature...
January 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793805/superior-labrum-anterior-posterior-tears-in-the-national-football-league
#15
Caitlin C Chambers, T Sean Lynch, Daniel B Gibbs, Jason H Ghodasra, Shawn Sahota, Kristina Franke, Christina D Mack, Gordon W Nuber
BACKGROUND: Shoulder disorders are common in football players, with up to 50% of National Football League (NFL) recruits reporting a history of shoulder injuries. Superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) tears are an entity with well-described detrimental effects on return to play in overhead-throwing athletes but with minimal data in contact athletes. PURPOSE: To identify the incidence, predisposing factors, and effect of SLAP tears in NFL athletes and prospects as well as the treatment patterns of NFL team physicians...
January 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785555/clinical-and-radiologic-outcomes-of-arthroscopic-suture-bridge-repair-for-the-greater-tuberosity-fractures-of-the-proximal-humerus
#16
Jong-Hun Ji, Jae-Jung Jeong, Young-Yul Kim, Se-Won Lee, Do-Yeol Kim, Sang-Eun Park
PURPOSE: To report the clinical and radiological outcomes of arthroscopic suture bridge repair for the GT fractures of the shoulder joint. METHODS: From March 2008 to July 2013, we performed arthroscopic suture bridge repair of the GT fractures displaced more than 5 mm superiorly or posteriorly, but less than 2 cm in 40 cases [20 men, 20 women; mean age, 56 (27-80) years] with the average 32 (24-48) months follow-up. At the final follow-up, clinical (ASES, UCLA, SST, KSS score and range of motions) and radiological outcomes using post-operative MRI or CT scan were evaluated...
October 26, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765830/superior-labral-anterior-posterior-slap-tears-in-the-military-a-clinical-review-of-incidence-diagnosis-and-treatment-compared-with-the-civilian-population
#17
William Rossy, George Sanchez, Anthony Sanchez, Matthew T Provencher
CONTEXT: Given the notable physical demands placed on active members of the military, comprehension of recent trends in management and outcomes of superior labral anterior-posterior (SLAP) tears in this patient population is critical for successful treatment. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Electronic databases, including PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase, were reviewed for the years 1985 through 2016. STUDY DESIGN: Database review. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 5...
October 7, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737608/a-prospective-cohort-study-investigating-the-effect-of-generalized-joint-hypermobility-on-outcomes-after-arthroscopic-anterior-shoulder-stabilization
#18
Loukas Koyonos, Matthew J Kraeutler, Daniel F O'Brien, Michael G Ciccotti, Christopher C Dodson
OBJECTIVES: Generalized joint laxity has been proposed as a significant risk factor for failure after arthroscopic anterior shoulder stabilization. The purpose of this study was to prospectively measure joint mobility in patients undergoing arthroscopic anterior shoulder stabilization and to determine whether hypermobility is a risk factor for worse outcomes compared with patients having normal joint mobility. METHODS: Patients with anterior shoulder instability were prospectively enrolled...
October 13, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699906/stable-isotope-analyses-of-oxygen-18-o-17-o-16-o-and-chlorine-37-cl-35-cl-in-perchlorate-reference-materials-calibrations-methods-and-interferences
#19
J K Böhlke, Stanley J Mroczkowski, Neil C Sturchio, Linnea J Heraty, Kent W Richman, Donald B Sullivan, Kris N Griffith, Baohua Gu, Paul B Hatzinger
RATIONALE: Perchlorate (ClO4(-) ) is a common trace constituent of water, soils, and plants; it has both natural and synthetic sources and is subject to biodegradation. The stable isotope ratios of Cl and O provide three independent quantities for ClO4(-) source attribution and natural attenuation studies: δ(37) Cl, δ(18) O, and δ(17) O (or Δ(17) O or (17) Δ) values. Documented reference materials, calibration schemes, methods, and interferences will improve the reliability of such studies...
January 15, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697179/editorial-commentary-the-not-so-benign-nature-of-an-isolated-slap-repair
#20
EDITORIAL
Matthew T Provencher
Although superior labrum anterior posterior (SLAP) repairs have a relatively high success rate, emerging evidence suggests that this is not always the case. The authors of "Subsequent Shoulder Surgery Following Isolated Arthroscopic SLAP Repair" reveal that 1 in 10 people needed additional surgery within 3 years after SLAP repair-mainly for disorders of the rotator cuff, biceps, and distal clavicle. This underscores the fact that SLAP tears rarely occur in isolation and that the initial diagnosis and management may require more than just SLAP work...
October 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
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