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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713337/the-s-layer-associated-serine-protease-homolog-prtx-impacts-cell-surface-mediated-microbe-host-interactions-of-lactobacillus-acidophilus-ncfm
#1
Brant R Johnson, Sarah O'Flaherty, Yong Jun Goh, Ian Carroll, Rodolphe Barrangou, Todd R Klaenhammer
Health-promoting aspects attributed to probiotic microorganisms, including adhesion to intestinal epithelia and modulation of the host mucosal immune system, are mediated by proteins found on the bacterial cell surface. Notably, certain probiotic and commensal bacteria contain a surface (S-) layer as the outermost stratum of the cell wall. S-layers are non-covalently bound semi-porous, crystalline arrays of self-assembling, proteinaceous subunits called S-layer proteins (SLPs). Recent evidence has shown that multiple proteins are non-covalently co-localized within the S-layer, designated S-layer associated proteins (SLAPs)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696789/arthroscopic-knot-removal-for-failed-superior-labrum-anterior-posterior-repair-secondary-to-knot-induced-pain
#2
Jung Gwan Park, Nam Su Cho, Jung Youn Kim, Jong Hoon Song, Se Jung Hong, Yong Girl Rhee
BACKGROUND: Studies on failed superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) repair are increasing. However, the number of reports on treatment options for failed SLAP repair remains quite low, and the clinical results vary between different study groups. PURPOSE: To describe the clinical presentation of failed SLAP repair due to knot-induced pain and evaluate the efficacy of arthroscopic knot removal. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677337/the-multiple-functions-of-male-song-within-the-humpback-whale-megaptera-novaeangliae-mating-system-review-evaluation-and-synthesis
#3
Louis M Herman
Humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) are seasonal breeders, annually migrating from high-latitude summer feeding grounds to low-latitude winter breeding grounds. The social matrix on the winter grounds is a loose network of interacting individuals and groups and notably includes lone males that produce long bouts of complex song that collectively yield an asynchronous chorus. Occasionally, a male will sing while accompanying other whales. Despite a wealth of knowledge about the social matrix, the full characterization of the mating system remains unresolved, without any firm consensus, as does the function of song within that system...
August 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676051/community-perceptions-on-outdoor-malaria-transmission-in-kilombero-valley-southern-tanzania
#4
Irene R Moshi, Halfan Ngowo, Angel Dillip, Daniel Msellemu, Edith P Madumla, Fredros O Okumu, Maureen Coetzee, Ladslaus L Mnyone, Lenore Manderson
BACKGROUND: The extensive use of indoor residual spraying (IRS) and insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) in Africa has contributed to a significant reduction in malaria transmission. Even so, residual malaria transmission persists in many regions, partly driven by mosquitoes that bite people outdoors. In areas where Anopheles gambiae s.s. is a dominant vector, most interventions target the reduction of indoor transmission. The increased use of ITNs/LLINs and IRS has led to the decline of this species...
July 4, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675978/concomitant-slap-repair-does-not-influence-the-surgical-outcome-for-arthroscopic-bankart-repair-of-traumatic-shoulder-dislocations
#5
Nuri Aydin, Mehmet Bekir Unal, Mustafa Asansu, Okan Tok
BACKGROUND: Prior studies revealed the presence of superior labrum anterior-to-posterior (SLAP) injury together with Bankart lesions in some patients. The purpose of the study is to compare the clinical results of isolated Bankart repairs with the clinical results of Bankart repairs when performed with concomitant SLAP repairs. METHODS: The patients who underwent arthroscopic surgery for treatment of anterior glenohumeral instability were evaluated retrospectively...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610563/progression-of-function-and-pain-relief-as-indicators-for-returning-to-sports-after-arthroscopic-isolated-type-ii-slap-repair-a-prospective-study
#6
Sandra Boesmueller, Thomas M Tiefenboeck, Marcus Hofbauer, Adam Bukaty, Gerhard Oberleitner, Wolfgang Huf, Christian Fialka
BACKGROUND: One of the currently used surgical techniques in isolated type II SLAP lesions is arthroscopic SLAP repair. Postoperatively, patients tend to suffer from a prolonged period of pain and are restricted in their sports activities for at least 6 months. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the clinical outcome as well as the postoperative course of pain after arthroscopic type II SLAP repair. METHODS: Outcome measures were assessed using the Individual Relative Constant Score (CSindiv), the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) Score, the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), and the Short Form 36 (SF-36)...
June 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604236/diagnosis-of-superior-labrum-anterior-to-posterior-tears-by-using-mr-imaging-and-mr-arthrography-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
John S Symanski, Naveen Subhas, James Babb, Joseph Nicholson, Soterios Gyftopoulos
Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic accuracies of nonenhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and MR arthrography for diagnosis of superior labrum anterior-to-posterior (SLAP) tears by using a systematic review and meta-analysis. Materials and Methods A comprehensive literature search was performed on the two main concepts of MR imaging (MR imaging, and direct and indirect MR arthrography) and SLAP tears. Inclusion criteria consisted of original studies that assessed the diagnostic accuracy of MR imaging, direct MR arthrography, and/or indirect MR arthrography for the detection of SLAP tears, by using surgical findings as the reference standard...
June 12, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594489/diagnosis-and-management-of-the-biceps-labral-complex
#8
Robert J Thorsness, Anthony A Romeo
The long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) is a common source of pathology. The biceps-labral complex (BLC) is the collective anatomic and clinical features shared by the biceps tendon and the superior labrum. LHBT pathology can be caused by inflammation, instability, or trauma. Numerous tests can be performed to determine the existence of biceps tendon and superior labrum anterior to posterior (SLAP) lesions; however, many of these tests do not have high sensitivity and specificity, which limit their clinical utility...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555366/pulley-lesions-in-rotator-cuff-tears-prevalence-etiology-and-concomitant-pathologies
#9
Nael Hawi, Emmanouil Liodakis, Christina Garving, Peter Habermeyer, Mark Tauber
PURPOSE: This study aimed to demonstrate the prevalence of lesions in the biceps pulley complex in a representative, consecutive series of rotator cuff tears and rotator cuff interval treatments. We also analyzed associated tear pattern of rotator cuff injuries and superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) lesions. We evaluated the relationships of these lesions to traumatic genesis and the prevalence of pulley lesions in revision cases. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed all pre- and intra-operative documentation on arthroscopic rotator cuff reconstructions and isolated pulley lesion treatments performed by a single surgeon over 2 consecutive years...
May 29, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535755/the-relationships-between-harsh-physical-punishment-and-child-maltreatment-in-childhood-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-adulthood
#10
Tracie O Afifi, Natalie Mota, Jitender Sareen, Harriet L MacMillan
BACKGROUND: Physical punishment of children is an important public health concern. Yet, few studies have examined how physical punishment is related to other types of child maltreatment and violence across the lifespan. Therefore, the objective of the current study was to examine if harsh physical punishment (i.e., being pushed, grabbed, shoved, hit, and/or slapped without causing marks, bruises, or injury) is associated with an increased likelihood of more severe childhood maltreatment (i...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509865/detecting-and-classifying-human-touches-in-a-social-robot-through-acoustic-sensing-and-machine-learning
#11
Fernando Alonso-Martín, Juan José Gamboa-Montero, José Carlos Castillo, Álvaro Castro-González, Miguel Ángel Salichs
An important aspect in Human-Robot Interaction is responding to different kinds of touch stimuli. To date, several technologies have been explored to determine how a touch is perceived by a social robot, usually placing a large number of sensors throughout the robot's shell. In this work, we introduce a novel approach, where the audio acquired from contact microphones located in the robot's shell is processed using machine learning techniques to distinguish between different types of touches. The system is able to determine when the robot is touched (touch detection), and to ascertain the kind of touch performed among a set of possibilities: stroke, tap, slap, and tickle (touch classification)...
May 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495804/sham-surgery-versus-labral-repair-or-biceps-tenodesis-for-type-ii-slap-lesions-of-the-shoulder-a-three-armed-randomised-clinical-trial
#12
Cecilie Piene Schrøder, Øystein Skare, Olav Reikerås, Petter Mowinckel, Jens Ivar Brox
BACKGROUND: Labral repair and biceps tenodesis are routine operations for superior labrum anterior posterior (SLAP) lesion of the shoulder, but evidence of their efficacy is lacking. We evaluated the effect of labral repair, biceps tenodesis and sham surgery on SLAP lesions. METHODS: A double-blind, sham-controlled trial was conducted with 118 surgical candidates (mean age 40 years), with patient history, clinical symptoms and MRI arthrography indicating an isolated type II SLAP lesion...
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451607/outcomes-after-arthroscopic-bankart-repair-in-adolescent-athletes-participating-in-collision-and-contact-sports
#13
Michael G Saper, Charles Milchteim, Robert L Zondervan, James R Andrews, Roger V Ostrander
BACKGROUND: Literature on arthroscopic stabilization in adolescent patients participating in collision and contact sports is limited, as most studies include adolescents within a larger sample group comprised primarily of adults. PURPOSE: To review the outcomes of arthroscopic Bankart repair for anterior shoulder instability in an adolescent population participating in collision and contact sports. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
March 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435124/action-recognition-is-viewpoint-dependent-in-the-visual-periphery
#14
Laura Fademrecht, Isabelle Bülthoff, Stephan de la Rosa
Recognizing actions of others across the whole visual field is required for social interactions. In a previous study, we have shown that recognition is very good even when life-size avatars who were facing the observer carried out actions (e.g. waving) and were presented very far away from the fovea (Fademrecht, Bülthoff, & de la Rosa, 2016). We explored the possibility whether this remarkable performance was owed to life-size avatars facing the observer, which - according to some social cognitive theories (e...
April 26, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411221/an-extracellular-cell-attached-pullulanase-confers-branched-%C3%AE-glucan-utilization-in-human-gut-lactobacillus-acidophilus
#15
Marie S Møller, Yong Jun Goh, Kasper Bøwig Rasmussen, Wojciech Cypryk, Hasan Ufuk Celebioglu, Todd R Klaenhammer, Birte Svensson, Maher Abou Hachem
Of the few predicted extracellular glycan-active enzymes, glycoside hydrolase family 13 subfamily 14 (GH13_14) pullulanases are the most common in human gut lactobacilli. These enzymes share a unique modular organization, not observed in other bacteria, featuring a catalytic module, two starch binding modules, a domain of unknown function, and a C-terminal surface layer association protein (SLAP) domain. Here, we explore the specificity of a representative of this group of pullulanases, Lactobacillus acidophilus Pul13_14 (LaPul13_14), and its role in branched α-glucan metabolism in the well-characterized Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM, which is widely used as a probiotic...
June 15, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409136/functional-outcome-after-arthroscopic-repair-of-triple-shoulder-instability
#16
Glaydson Gomes Godinho, Flávio de Oliveira França, José Márcio Alves Freitas, Lander Braga Calais Correia Pinto, Carolina Lima Simionatto, Pedro Paulo Gomes Viana Filho
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the functional outcomes of patients submitted to arthroscopic repair of triple labral lesion. METHODS: This was an analytical retrospective study of patients who underwent arthroscopic treatment of triple labral lesion from March 2005 to December 2014. Patients with at least one year of postoperative follow-up were included. A total of nine patients were evaluated. The mean age was 32.3 years and the dominant side was affected in five patients...
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400880/arthroscopic-findings-in-anterior-shoulder-instability
#17
REVIEW
Michael Hantes, Vasilios Raoulis
BACKGROUND: In the last years, basic research and arthroscopic surgery, have improved our understanding of shoulder anatomy and pathology. It is a fact that arthroscopic treatment of shoulder instability has evolved considerably over the past decades. The aim of this paper is to present the variety of pathologies that should be identified and treated during shoulder arthroscopy when dealing with anterior shoulder instability cases. METHODS: A review of the current literature regarding arthroscopic shoulder anatomy, anatomic variants, and arthroscopic findings in anterior shoulder instability, is presented...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374514/compound-specific-hydrogen-isotope-analysis-of-fluorine-chlorine-bromine-and-iodine-bearing-organics-using-gas-chromatography-chromium-based-high-temperature-conversion-cr-htc-isotope-ratio-mass-spectrometry
#18
Julian Renpenning, Arndt Schimmelmann, Matthias Gehre
RATIONALE: The conventional high-temperature conversion (HTC) approach towards hydrogen compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA) of halogen-bearing (F, Cl, Br, I) organics suffers from incomplete H2 yields and associated hydrogen isotope fractionation due to generation of HF, HCl, HBr, and HI byproducts. Moreover, the traditional off-line combustion of highly halogenated compounds results in incomplete recovery of water as an intermediary compound for hydrogen isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS), and hence also leads to isotope fractionation...
July 15, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351350/manifestations-and-drivers-of-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-in-kenya-implications-for-measurement-and-developing-interventions
#19
Charlotte E Warren, Rebecca Njue, Charity Ndwiga, Timothy Abuya
BACKGROUND: Disrespect and abuse or mistreatment of women by health care providers in maternity settings has been identified as a key deterrent to women seeking delivery care. Mistreatment includes physical and verbal abuse, stigma and discrimination, a poor relationship between women and providers and policy and health systems challenges. This paper uses qualitative data to describe mistreatment of women in Kenya. METHODS: Data are drawn from implementation research conducted in 13 facilities and communities...
March 28, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345016/-by-slapping-their-laps-the-patient-will-know-that-you-truly-care-for-her-a-qualitative-study-on-social-norms-and-acceptability-of-the-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-in-abuja-nigeria
#20
Meghan A Bohren, Joshua P Vogel, Özge Tunçalp, Bukola Fawole, Musibau A Titiloye, Akinpelu Olanrewaju Olutayo, Agnes A Oyeniran, Modupe Ogunlade, Loveth Metiboba, Olubunmi R Osunsan, Hadiza A Idris, Francis E Alu, Olufemi T Oladapo, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Michelle J Hindin
BACKGROUND: Many women experience mistreatment during childbirth in health facilities across the world. However, limited evidence exists on how social norms and attitudes of both women and providers influence mistreatment during childbirth. Contextually-specific evidence is needed to understand how normative factors affect how women are treated. This paper explores the acceptability of four scenarios of mistreatment during childbirth. METHODS: Two facilities were identified in Abuja, Nigeria...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
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