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Platelet Volume

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774381/incidence-of-major-hemorrhage-after-aggressive-image-guided-liver-mass-biopsy-in-the-era-of-individualized-medicine
#1
James H Boyum, Thomas D Atwell, Darci J Wall, Aaron S Mansfield, Sarah E Kerr, Tina M Gunderson, Kandelaria M Rumilla, Adam J Weisbrod, A Nicholas Kurup
PURPOSE: To analyze a large volume of image-guided liver mass biopsies to assess for an increased incidence of major hemorrhage after aggressive liver mass sampling, and to determine if coaxial technique reduces major hemorrhage rate. METHODS: Patients who underwent image-guided liver mass biopsy over a 15-year period (December 7, 2001-September 22, 2016) were retrospectively identified. An aggressive biopsy was defined as a biopsy event in which ≥ 4 core needle passes were performed...
May 17, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774166/hemostatic-state-augmented-with-platelet-indices-among-sudanese-diabetic-septic-foot
#2
Bashir Abdrhman Bashir, Mohamed Salih Ali
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a very rampant metabolic disorder, particularly type II. It has many complications such as the septic foot. Diabetic septic foot (DSF) patients are at high risk for coagulation abnormalities as well as surgical hazards. Owing to the potential sequelae of coagulation and vascular abnormalities, this work aimed at studying the hemostatic state and platelet indices in diabetes type II patients with septic foot. Methods: A case-control study was conducted during the period from July to September 2017 at Dr...
2018: BMC Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771328/association-of-preoperative-plasma-fibrinogen-level-with-postoperative-bleeding-after-on-pump-coronary-bypass-surgery-does-plasma-fibrinogen-level-affect-the-amount-of-postoperative-bleeding
#3
Sameh Alagha, Murat Songur, Tugba Avci, Kerem Vural, Sadi Kaplan
OBJECTIVES: Our primary aim was to investigate the association between the preoperative concentration of plasma fibrinogen and the volume of postoperative bleeding. Our secondary aim was to identify whether there is a possible correlation between the patients' different characteristics and haemostatic laboratory variables and the postoperative amount of bleeding after on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting procedures. METHODS: A total of 550 adult patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting on cardiopulmonary bypass in our hospital were enrolled and investigated retrospectively...
May 15, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765530/mean-platelet-volume-as-a-predictive-marker-for-venous-thromboembolism-in-patients-treated-for-hodgkin-lymphoma
#4
Joanna Rupa-Matysek, Lidia Gil, Marta Barańska, Dominik Dytfeld, Mieczysław Komarnicki
Mean platelet volume (MPV) is reported to be associated with the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and mortality in patients with cancer. We sought to determine the association of MPV with symptomatic VTE occurrence in patients treated for newly diagnosed Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and their outcomes. We retrospectively studied 167 consecutive adult patients treated with HL. During first-line treatment 12 (7.2%) patients developed VTE and 14 (8%) died within the observation period. The pre-chemotherapy values of MPV were significantly lower in VTE patients than those without (p=0...
April 20, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762825/the-prognostic-role-of-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-mean-platelet-volume-in-critically-ill-patients
#5
A Yildiz, A Yigit, A R Benli
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the relationship between complete blood count parameters, mean platelet volume (MPV), and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) with mortality and hospitalization duration in critically ill patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was made of patients admitted to our tertiary adult i̇ntensive Care Unit (ICU) between January 2015 and January 2016. Hemoglobin (Hb), white blood cell (WBC), lymphocyte and platelet counts were obtained from the complete blood count performed at the time of admission...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760679/hematocrit-values-predict-carotid-intimal-media-thickness-in-obese-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Giovanni Tarantino, Luigi Barrea, Domenico Capone, Vincenzo Citro, Teresa Mosca, Silvia Savastano
Background: Literature data suggest with some criticism that full-fledged cardiovascular (CV) events (acute or chronic) are likely predicted by blood components, which are reported to be associated with the presence/severity of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study was aimed at determining which marker(s) derived from blood count, such as white blood cells, neutrophils, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, platelet count, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, hematocrit values were associated with ear or subclinical atherosclerosis, in obese patients of various classes suffering from NAFLD...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752928/predicting-postoperative-day-1-hematocrit-levels-after-hysterectomy
#7
Sara H Rahman, Sarah Mayer, Katie Corcoran, Allan Mayer, Jonathan Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Swenson et al. developed a linear regression model to estimate postoperative day one (POD1) hematocrit (HCT) levels after benign hysterectomy. Predictive variables included pre-operative HCT, patient weight, estimated blood loss, intra-operative crystalloid volume, pre-operative platelet count, and hysterectomy route which predicted POD1 HCT ±5 for 100% of subjects using an internal validation set. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to externally validate the Swenson model using our hysterectomy population and to further validate the model in a cohort including robotic-assisted cases...
May 9, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752673/lead-exposure-is-associated-with-risk-of-impaired-coagulation-in-preschool-children-from-an-e-waste-recycling-area
#8
Zhijun Zeng, Xia Huo, Yu Zhang, Zhehong Xiao, Yuling Zhang, Xijin Xu
Environmental lead exposure leads to various deleterious effects on multiple organs and systems, including the hematopoietic system. To explore the effects of lead exposure on platelet indices in preschool children from an informal, lead-contaminated electronic waste (e-waste) recycling area, we collected venous blood samples from 466 preschool children (331 from an e-waste area (Guiyu) and 135 from a non-e-waste area (Haojiang)). Child blood lead levels (BLLs) were determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry, while platelet indices were quantified using a Sysmex XT-1800i hematology analyzer...
May 12, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750173/radiotherapy-for-adult-medulloblastoma-evaluation-of-helical-tomotherapy-volumetric-intensity-modulated-arc-therapy-and-three-dimensional-conformal-radiotherapy-and-the-results-of-helical-tomotherapy-therapy
#9
Sun Zong-Wen, Yang Shuang-Yan, Du Feng-Lei, Cheng Xiao-Long, Li Qinglin, Chen Meng-Yuan, Hua Yong-Hong, Jin Ting, Hu Qiao-Ying, Chen Xiao-Zhong, Chen Yuan-Yuan, Chen Ming
Introduction: All adult medulloblastoma (AMB) patients should be treated with craniospinal irradiation (CSI) postoperatively. Because of the long irradiation range, multiple radiation fields must be designed for conventional radiotherapy technology. CSI can be completed in only one session with helical tomotherapy (HT). We evaluated the dose of HT, volumetric intensity modulated arc therapy (VMAT), and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) of AMB and the results of 5 cases of AMB treated with HT...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745623/the-role-of-intraoperative-stroke-volume-variation-on-bleeding-during-functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#10
Roberta Di Mauro, Fabiana Lucci, Federica Martino, Maria B Silvi, Eleonora Gidaro, Santo Di Lorenzo, Nicola Toschi, Stefano Di Girolamo, Mario Dauri
BACKGROUNDː Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS) is a minimally-invasive surgical technique for patients with paranasal sinus pathology. Surgical bleeding reduces operative field visibility and increases the incidence of serious complications. Epinephrine injection into the nasal mucosa and controlled hypotension are used to minimise bleeding. Hypotension carries risks and sometimes does not reduce surgical bleeding. The goal of this study is to discover which haemodynamic parameter better correlates with surgical bleeding...
May 9, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738415/efficacy-of-injecting-platelet-concentrate-combined-with-hyaluronic-acid-for-the-treatment-of-vulvovaginal-atrophy-in-postmenopausal-women-with-history-of-breast-cancer-a-phase-2-pilot-study
#11
Barbara Hersant, Mounia SidAhmed-Mezi, Yazid Belkacemi, Franklin Darmon, Sylvie Bastuji-Garin, Gabrielle Werkoff, Romain Bosc, Jeremy Niddam, Oana Hermeziu, Simone La Padula, Jean Paul Meningaud
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 50% to 70% of breast cancer survivors are affected by one or more symptoms of vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA). For those who cannot take hormone therapy, autologous platelet-rich plasma combined with hyaluronic acid (A-PRP-HA) may provide a new alternative therapy for the treatment of VVA in postmenopausal women with history of breast cancer. METHODS: We enrolled 20 postmenopausal breast cancers survivors with VVA and a score of <15 on the Gloria Bachman Vaginal Health Index (VHI) comprised of five items including: vaginal pH, elasticity, fluid volume (secretions), epithelial integrity, and moisture...
May 7, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735870/an-investigation-of-the-effects-of-the-mean-platelet-volume-platelet-distribution-width-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-counts-on-mortality-in-patents-with-sepsis-who-applied-to-the-emergency-department
#12
M Orak, Y Karakoç, M Ustundag, Y Yildirim, M K Celen, C Güloglu
Aim: The aim of this study is to examine the role of the mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and platelet values for predicting mortality in patients with sepsis. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study, involving patients 18 years and above who were diagnosed with sepsis. Blood samples were analyzed for platelets characteristics (counts, MPV, PDW, and PLR). The patients were separated into two groups namely the survivors and deceased...
May 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731423/evaluation-of-a-new-continuous-mononuclear-cell-collection-procedure-in-a-single-transplant-center-cohort-enriched-for-al-amyloidosis-patients
#13
Anita Pudusseri, India Smith, Diane Sarnacki, Dina Brauneis, Anthony Shelton, Vaishali Sanchorawala, J Mark Sloan, Shayna Sarosiek, Karen Quillen
BACKGROUND: The Spectra Optia continuous mononuclear cell (CMNC) program is newly available, and herein validated in a single-center cohort enriched with AL amyloidosis patients to collect a target CD34+ yield of 2.5 × 106 cells/kg within 2 days. METHODS: Consecutive autologous transplant patients in 2016 are included. Patients undergo leukapheresis with Optia CMNC and Spectra v4.7 over a 2-day cycle. Data collection includes collection efficiency, adverse events and engraftment kinetics...
April 26, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728030/-effect-of-compatibility-of-ginkgolide-a-ginkgolide-b-and-ginkgolide-k
#14
Hong Zhang, Yan-Ping Luo, Ze-Yu Cao, Xin-Zhuang Zhang, Liang Cao, Zhen-Zhong Wang, Wei Xiao
To investigate the best active compatibility of ginkgolide A, B and K (GA,GB,GK). The effects of GA, GB, GK alone, combinations of each two of them, and combinations of these three components on platelet-activating factor (PAF)-induced platelet aggregation activity and rat cerebral ischemia reperfusion model (tMCAO) were compared in this study. Different compatibilities of GA, GB and GK could significantly reduce the maximum aggregation rate of PAF-induced platelet aggregation, and the effect was most obvious in combination of the three...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725754/mean-platelet-volume-is-associated-with-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#15
Ilona Korzonek-Szlacheta, Bartosz Hudzik, Justyna Nowak, Janusz Szkodzinski, Jolanta Nowak, Mariusz Gąsior, Barbara Zubelewicz-Szkodzinska
There is little published data on the association of platelet function and 25(OH)D concentration. We investigated the associations between mean platelet volume (MPV) and 25(OH)D concentration in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Study population was divided into three groups: group 1-25(OH)D < 10 ng/mL (N = 22), group 2-25(OH)D 10-20 ng/mL (N = 42), and group 3-25(OH)D > 20 ng/mL (N = 14). Study groups shared similar demographics. MPV values were the highest in group 1, moderate in group 2, and the lowest in group 3 (11...
May 3, 2018: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725369/ethyl-pyruvate-can-alleviate-alcoholic-liver-disease-through-inhibiting-nrf2-signaling-pathway
#16
Fei Shen, Zhaohong Wang, Wei Liu, Yuji Liang
The effects of ethyl pyruvate (EP) on alcoholic liver disease and its related mechanism were investigated. Thirty male C57/BL6 mice were randomly divided to three groups: Control (n=10), alcoholic liver disease (ALD, n=10) and ethyl pyruvate group (EP, n=10). EP group was treated with gavage using EP (100 mg/kg) for 15 consecutive days. Control and ALD group were treated with the same volume of normal saline. After the last gavage, EP and ALD group were treated with the intraperitoneal injection of 50% alcoholic solution (10 ml/kg)...
May 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721090/harmine-enhances-type-h-vessel-formation-and-prevents-bone-loss-in-ovariectomized-mice
#17
Jie Huang, Hao Yin, Shan-Shan Rao, Ping-Li Xie, Xu Cao, Tai Rao, Shu-Ying Liu, Zhen-Xing Wang, Jia Cao, Yin Hu, Yan Zhang, Juan Luo, Yi-Juan Tan, Zheng-Zhao Liu, Ben Wu, Xiong-Ke Hu, Tuan-Hui Chen, Chun-Yuan Chen, Hui Xie
Recently, researchers identified a distinct vessel subtype called type H vessels that couple angiogenesis and osteogenesis. We previously found that type H vessels are reduced in ovariectomy (OVX)-induced osteoporotic mice, and preosteoclasts are able to secrete platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) to stimulate type H vessel formation and thereby to promote osteogenesis. This study aimed to explore whether harmine, a β-carboline alkaloid, is capable of preventing bone loss in OVX mice by promoting preosteoclast PDGF-BB-induced type H vessel formation...
2018: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720052/high-density-lipoprotein-mean-platelet-volume-and-uric-acid-as-biomarkers-for-outcomes-in-patients-with-sepsis-an-observational-study
#18
Luis Bolívar Montero-Chacón, Juan Ignacio Padilla-Cuadra, Sy Han Chiou, Gabriel Torrealba-Acosta
BACKGROUND: We conducted an observational study evaluating the association between uric acid, mean platelet volume (MPV), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) with complications and outcomes of patients with sepsis in a critical care setting. METHODS: We followed patients with a diagnosis of severe sepsis and septic shock for a maximum of 28 days. Main outcomes assessed included length of stay (LOS), the need for renal replacement therapy (RRT), assisted mechanical ventilation (AMV), and vasopressor support as well as in-unit mortality...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717406/effect-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-on-platelet-counts-and-mean-platelet-volumes
#19
Faruk Kutluturk, Zeki Ozsoy
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a chronic metabolic disorder associated with cardiovascular disease, characterized by a chronic proinflammatory and prothrombotic state. The size and hemostatic potential of circulating platelets (PLTs) differ, with larger PLTs containing more granules and producing greater amounts of vasoactive and prothrombotic factors. This study aimed to investigate the effect of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on PLT count and mean platelet volume (MPV) in morbidly obese patients...
May 1, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716700/prognostic-value-of-blood-count-parameters-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#20
Arsalan Majeed Adam, Ather Hasan Rizvi, Amna Haq, Rabia Naseem, Aiman Rehan, Ali Tariq Shaikh, Abdul Haseeb Abbas, Ansab Godil, Arif Ali, Muhammad Saad Ali Mallick, Muhammad Shahzeb Khan, Muhammad Nawaz Lashari
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that complete blood count (CBC) parameters can effectively predict long-term mortality and re-infarction rates in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, the role of these parameters in predicting short term mortality has not been studied extensively. The main objective of this study was to determine whether CBC parameters can predict 30-days mortality and the incidence of major adverse cardiac event (MACE) in ACS patients. METHODOLOGY: A total of 297 patients with ACS were recruited in this prospective study...
March 2018: Indian Heart Journal
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