keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Asia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433763/biomass-burning-sources-and-their-contributions-to-the-local-air-quality-in-hong-kong
#1
K L Chan
In this paper, we present a quantitative estimation of the impacts of biomass burning emissions from different source regions to the local air quality in Hong Kong in 2014 using global chemistry transport model simulations, sun photometer measurements, satellite observations and local monitoring network data. This study focuses on two major biomass burning pollutants, black carbon aerosols and carbon monoxide (CO). The model simulations of atmospheric black carbon and CO show excellent agreement with sun photometer aerosol optical depth (AOD) measurements, satellite CO columns observations and local monitoring stations data...
April 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433694/bacteroidales-markers-for-microbial-source-tracking-in-southeast-asia
#2
Jean Pierre Nshimyimana, Mercedes C Cruz, R Janelle Thompson, Stefan Wuertz
The island city country of Singapore served as a model to validate the use of host-associated Bacteroidales 16S rRNA gene marker assays for identifying sources of fecal pollution in the urban tropical environment of Southeast Asia. A total of 295 samples were collected from sewage, humans, domesticated animals (cats, dogs, rabbits and chicken), and wild animals (birds, monkeys and wild boars). Samples were analyzed by real time PCR using five human-associated assays (HF183-SYBR Green, HF183, BacHum, BacH and B...
April 10, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433206/efficacy-and-safety-of-rivaroxaban-versus-warfarin-in-patients-from-mainland-china-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-a-subgroup-analysis-from-the-rocket-af-trial
#3
Yihong Sun, Dayi Hu, Susanna Stevens, Yuliya Lokhnygina, Richard C Becker, Scott D Berkowitz, Günter Breithardt, Werner Hacke, Jonathan L Halperin, Graeme J Hankey, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Christopher C Nessel, Jonathan P Piccini, Daniel E Singer, Keith A A Fox, Manesh R Patel
BACKGROUND: The ROCKET AF study evaluated once-daily rivaroxaban versus dose-adjusted warfarin for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). In this analysis, we compared rivaroxaban with warfarin in patients with AF from China, East Asia, and the rest of the world (ROW). METHODS AND RESULTS: We assessed baseline demographics and interaction of treatment effects of rivaroxaban versus warfarin among patients from mainland China, other East Asian countries, and ROW...
April 13, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431502/inequalities-in-health-care-utilization-for-common-childhood-illnesses-in-ethiopia-evidence-from-the-2011-ethiopian-demographic-and-health-survey
#4
Asmamaw Atnafu Ayalneh, Dagnachew Muluye Fetene, Tae Jin Lee
BACKGROUND: Globally, 5.9 million children under the age of five died in 2015. More than half and almost one-third of those deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, respectively. Diarrhea and Pneumonia, which were the major causes of the problem, accounted for more than two million deaths of the world's youngest children every year. Like other developing countries, child health services utilization is low in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to identify the determinant factors for the inequalities in medical treatment seeking behavior for common childhood illnesses in Ethiopia...
April 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431472/erratum-figure-correction-aeroallergen-sensitization-and-allergic-disease-phenotypes-in-asia
#5
(no author information available yet)
To the Editor: We would like to make a minor geographical correction to the map in the original article. The revised map is attached (Figure 1). The aeroallergen sensitization distributions remain accurate and this correction does not change the scientific conclusions of the article in any way. The authors take responsibility for the error.
March 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431380/recent-aspects-of-uranium-toxicology-in-medical-geology
#6
REVIEW
Geir Bjørklund, Olav Albert Christophersen, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Olle Selinus, Jan Aaseth
Uranium (U) is a chemo-toxic, radiotoxic and even a carcinogenic element. Due to its radioactivity, the effects of U on humans health have been extensively investigated. Prolonged U exposure may cause kidney disease and cancer. The geological distribution of U radionuclides is still a great concern for human health. Uranium in groundwater, frequently used as drinking water, and general environmental pollution with U raise concerns about the potential public health problem in several areas of Asia. The particular paleo-geological hallmark of India and other Southern Asiatic regions enhances the risk of U pollution in rural and urban communities...
April 18, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431074/european-heart-rhythm-association-ehra-consensus-document-on-the-management-of-supraventricular-arrhythmias-endorsed-by-heart-rhythm-society-hrs-asia-pacific-heart-rhythm-society-aphrs-and-sociedad-latinoamericana-de-estimulaci%C3%A3-n-cardiaca-y-electrofisiologia
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431039/genomic-data-for-78-chickens-from-14-populations
#8
Diyan Li, Tiandong Che, Binlong Chen, Shilin Tian, Xuming Zhou, Guolong Zhang, Miao Li, Uma Gaur, Yan Li, Majing Luo, Long Zhang, Zhongxian Xu, Xiaoling Zhao, Huadong Yin, Yan Wang, Long Jin, Qianzi Tang, Huailiang Xu, Mingyao Yang, Rongjia Zhou, Ruiqiang Li, Qing Zhu, Mingzhou Li
Background: Since the domestication of the red jungle fowls ( Gallus gallus ) (dating back to ∼10,000 B.P.) in Asia, domestic chickens ( Gallus gallus domesticus ) have been subjected to the combined effects of natural selection and human-driven artificial selection; this has resulted in marked phenotypic diversity in a number of traits, including behavior, body composition, egg production and skin color. Population genomic variations through diversifying selection have not been fully investigated...
April 18, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430975/behavioral-response-of-the-brown-marmorated-stink-bug-hemiptera-pentatomidae-to-semiochemicals-deployed-inside-and-outside-anthropogenic-structures-during-the-overwintering-period
#9
William R Morrison, Angelita Acebes-Doria, Emily Ogburn, Thomas P Kuhar, James F Walgenbach, J Christopher Bergh, Louis Nottingham, Anthony Dimeglio, Patricia Hipkins, Tracy C Leskey
The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål), is an invasive species from Asia capable of causing severe agricultural damage. It can also be a nuisance pest when it enters and exits anthropogenic overwintering sites. In recent years, pheromone lures and traps for H. halys have been developed and used to monitor populations in field studies. To date, no study has investigated the applicability of these monitoring tools for use indoors by building residents during the overwintering period. Herein, we 1) assessed when in late winter (diapause) and spring (postdiapause) H...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430830/assessment-of-global-kidney-health-care-status
#10
Aminu K Bello, Adeera Levin, Marcello Tonelli, Ikechi G Okpechi, John Feehally, David Harris, Kailash Jindal, Babatunde L Salako, Ahmed Rateb, Mohamed A Osman, Bilal Qarni, Syed Saad, Meaghan Lunney, Natasha Wiebe, Feng Ye, David W Johnson
Importance: Kidney disease is a substantial worldwide clinical and public health problem, but information about available care is limited. Objective: To collect information on the current state of readiness, capacity, and competence for the delivery of kidney care across countries and regions of the world. Design, Setting, and Participants: Questionnaire survey administered from May to September 2016 by the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) to 130 ISN-affiliated countries with sampling of key stakeholders (national nephrology society leadership, policy makers, and patient organization representatives) identified by the country and regional nephrology leadership through the ISN...
April 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430796/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-tuberculosis-and-diabetes-mellitus-comorbidity-a-systematic-review
#11
Mahteme Haile Workneh, Gunnar Aksel Bjune, Solomon Abebe Yimer
INTRODUCTION: The dual burden of tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes mellitus (DM) has become a major global public health concern. There is mounting evidence from different countries on the burden of TB and DM comorbidity. The objective of this systematic review was to summarize the existing evidence on prevalence and associated/risk factors of TBDM comorbidity at global and regional levels. METHODS: Ovid Medline, Embase, Global health, Cochrane library, Web of science and Scopus Elsevier databases were searched to identify eligible articles for the systematic review...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430748/immunogenicity-of-the-inactivated-japanese-encephalitis-virus-vaccine-ixiaro%C3%A2-n-children-from-a-japanese-encephalitis-virus-endemic-region
#12
Katrin L Dubischar, Vera Kadlecek, Benjamin Sablan, Charissa Fay Borja-Tabora, Salvacion Gatchalian, Susanne Eder-Lingelbach, Sigrid Kiermayr, Martin Spruth, Kerstin Westritschnig
BACKGROUND: Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a major public health concern in Asia and poses a small, but potentially fatal threat to travelers from non-endemic countries, including children. No JE vaccine for pediatric use has been available in Europe and the USA. METHODS: Age-stratified cohorts of children between 2 months and 17 years received 2 doses of Vero cell-derived inactivated JE virus vaccine (IXIARO) administered 28 days apart (<3 years 0.25 mL [half adult dose], ≥3 years 0...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430168/classical-swine-fever-an-updated-review
#13
REVIEW
Sandra Blome, Christoph Staubach, Julia Henke, Jolene Carlson, Martin Beer
Classical swine fever (CSF) remains one of the most important transboundary viral diseases of swine worldwide. The causative agent is CSF virus, a small, enveloped RNA virus of the genus Pestivirus. Based on partial sequences, three genotypes can be distinguished that do not, however, directly correlate with virulence. Depending on both virus and host factors, a wide range of clinical syndromes can be observed and thus, laboratory confirmation is mandatory. To this means, both direct and indirect methods are utilized with an increasing degree of commercialization...
April 21, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430157/development-of-user-friendly-method-to-distinguish-subspecies-of-the-korean-medicinal-herb-perilla-frutescens-using-multiplex-pcr
#14
Yonguk Kim, Ah-Young Kim, Ara Jo, Hakjoon Choi, Seung-Sik Cho, Chulyung Choi
Perilla (Perilla frutescens) is an economically and culturally important plant in East Asia. Plant breeding between cultivars has enhanced the genetic diversity of perilla overall, but means that functionally diverse subspecies are more difficult to identify and distinguish. In this study, we developed gene-based DNA markers to distinguish between the Korean herbal medicinal perilla varieties. We identified informative simple sequence repeat (SSR) regions on the promoter regions of the Myb-P1 and dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR) genes, as well as a large insertion-deletion (indel) region in the limonene synthase (LS) gene, and developed markers to characterize the distinct subspecies differences (PfMyb-P1pro, PfDFRpro, and PfLS, respectively)...
April 21, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429844/a-comparison-of-clinical-characteristics-of-older-adults-treated-with-antidepressants-in-general-and-psychiatric-hospitals-in-asia
#15
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Yu-Tao Xiang, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Larina C L Yim, Tian-Mei Si, Kok-Yoon Chee, Ajit Avasthi, Sandeep Grover, Mian-Yoon Chong, Kang Sim, Shigenobu Kanba, Yan-Ling He, Min-Soo Lee, Shu-Yu Yang, Pichet Udomratn, Roy A Kallivayalil, Andi J Tanra, Margarita M Maramis, Winston W Shen, Norman Sartorius, Rathi Mahendran, Jia-Ying Teng, Chay-Hoon Tan, Naotaka Shinfuku
AIM: This study compared the demographics, clinical characteristics, and antidepressant prescription patterns between Asian patients aged 50 years and older attending psychiatric hospitals and those attending general hospitals. METHODS: In total, 955 patients (604 in general hospitals, 351 in psychiatric hospitals) aged 50 years or older treated with antidepressants in 10 Asian countries and territories were examined. Patients' demographics, clinical features, and prescriptions of psychotropic drugs were recorded using a standardized protocol and data collection procedure...
April 21, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429609/chemical-evaluation-of-the-rhynchophorus-ferrugineus-larvae-fed-on-different-substrates-as-human-food-source
#16
Annarita Cito, Santi Longo, Giuseppe Mazza, Elena Dreassi, Valeria Francardi
We investigated the chemical composition of the weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus larvae, traditionally used as human food in Asia and known worldwide as one of the most significant pest for palm trees. Total fat content and fatty acid composition were analyzed using standard methodologies in (1) weevil larvae reared on apple fruit slices and wild specimens collected from attacked (2) Phoenix canariensis and (3) Syagrus romanzoffiana palm trees. Total fat content was extremely high in all the specimens (ranged between 57...
January 1, 2017: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429062/detection-of-freshwater-cyanotoxins-and-measurement-of-masked-microcystins-in-tilapia-from-southeast-asian-aquaculture-farms
#17
Brett Greer, Ronald Maul, Katrina Campbell, Christopher T Elliott
Recently, there has been a rise in freshwater harmful algal blooms (HABs) globally, as well as increasing aquaculture practices. HABs can produce cyanotoxins, many of which are hepatotoxins. An ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for nine cyanotoxins across three classes including six microcystins, nodularin, cylindrospermopsin and anatoxin-a. The method was used to analyse free cyanotoxin(s) in muscle (n = 34), liver (n = 17) and egg (n = 9) tissue samples of 34 fish sourced from aquaculture farms in Southeast Asia...
April 20, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429031/infectious-diseases-in-singapore-and-asia-persistent-challenges-in-a-new-era
#18
Lawrence Soon-U Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427968/the-global-burden-of-atrial-fibrillation-and-stroke-a-systematic-review-of-the-clinical-epidemiology-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-asia
#19
Ying Bai, Yan-Liang Wang, Alena Shantsila, Gregory Y H Lip
BACKGROUND: Our previous review showed great variability on the incidence and prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in non-Western cohorts, especially from Asian countries; in recent years, epidemiology studies on AF have been increasingly reported. METHODS: We therefore conducted an updated systematic review, to present the current knowledge base of AF epidemiology in Asian countries since our prior review. We also explored AF incidence and the risk of stroke in AF using meta-analysis, with I(2) testing the heterogeneity...
April 17, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427689/demographic-and-clinical-profile-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-kashmir-a-short-report
#20
Insha Zahoor, Ravouf Asimi, Ehtishamul Haq, Irfan Yousuf Wani
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune and inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS). There have been only few population/hospital based studies on MS in India, and at the same time there is no data on its profile in Kashmir. METHODS: A total of 41 MS patients diagnosed on the basis of 2010 Revised Mc Donald criteria were enrolled in this study from Kashmir region of India. Clinical, demographic, radiological and biochemical parameters were analyzed for most of the patients...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
keyword
keyword
34211
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"