Read by QxMD icon Read

Primary spine ewing sarcoma

Raphaële Charest-Morin, Michael S Dirks, Shreyaskumar Patel, Stefano Boriani, Alessandro Luzzati, Michael G Fehlings, Charles G Fisher, Mark B Dekutoski, Richard Williams, Nasir A Quraishi, Ziya L Gokaslan, Chetan Bettegowda, Niccole M Germscheid, Peter P Varga, Laurence D Rhines
STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, ambispective observational study. OBJECTIVES: To quantify mortality and local recurrence after surgical treatment of spinal Ewing's sarcoma (ES) and to determine whether an Enneking appropriate procedure and surgical margins (en bloc resection with wide/marginal margins) are associated with improved prognosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Treatment of primary ES of the spine is complex. Ambiguity remains regarding the role and optimal type of surgery in the treatment of spinal ES...
August 23, 2017: Spine
Avani Dholakia Rao, Qinyu Chen, Ralph P Ermoian, Sara R Alcorn, Maria Luisa S Figueiredo, Michael J Chen, Karin Dieckmann, Shannon M MacDonald, Matthew M Ladra, Daria Kobyzeva, Alexey V Nechesnyuk, Kristina Nilsson, Eric C Ford, Brian A Winey, Rosangela C Villar, Stephanie A Terezakis
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The practice of palliative radiation therapy (RT) is based on extrapolation from adult literature. We evaluated patterns of pediatric palliative RT to describe regimens used to identify opportunity for future pediatric-specific clinical trials. DESIGN/METHODS: Six international institutions with pediatric expertise completed a 122-item survey evaluating patterns of palliative RT for patients ≤21 years old from 2010 to 2015. Two institutions use proton RT...
July 11, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Ali Alqahtani, Roaa Amer, Eman Bakhsh
Ewing's sarcoma is a primary bone cancer that mainly affects the long bones. This malignancy is particularly common in pediatric patients. Primary cranial involvement accounts for 1% of cases, with occipital involvement considered extremely rare. In this case study, primary occipital Ewing's sarcoma with a posterior fossa mass and subsequent relapse resulting in spinal seeding is reported. A 3-year-old patient presented with a 1-year history of left-sided headaches, localized over the occipital bone with progressive torticollis...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Richard Bostelmann, Mario Leimert, Hans Jakob Steiger, Kristin Gierga, Athanasios K Petridis
Primary extraosseous Ewing sarcomas (EESs) are an extremely rare pathological entity. Less than 32 cases have been reported in the literature. Here we report an uncommon case with very rapid progression in the cervical region with extra- and intradural involvement. We present a thorough review of the literature and discuss possible treatment modalities. The Medline database was searched using the search terms: Ewing sarcoma, extraosseus tumour, treatment, management, cervical spine. A previously healthy 29-year-old man complained of right-sided radiculopathy (C7)...
October 24, 2016: Clinics and Practice
Ali J Electricwala, Jaffer T Electricwala
Ewing's Sarcoma (ES) is a highly malignant bone tumour. It may involve any part of the skeleton but the most frequent parts are the ilium and diaphysis of femur and tibia (Alfeeli et al., 2005; Zhu et al., 2012). Primary ES of the spine is extremely rare (Yan et al., 2011). It accounts for only 3.5 to 14.9 percent of all primary bone sarcomas. The age of presentation ranges from 12 to 24 years (median 21 years) (Ferguson, 1999; Sharafuddin et al., 1992; Klimo Jr. et al., 2009). We report an unusual case of primary ES of the spine in a two-year-old boy, who presented to us with paraparesis and features of cauda equina syndrome...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
Armin Arshi, Justin Sharim, Don Y Park, Howard Y Park, Hamed Yazdanshenas, Nicholas M Bernthal, Arya N Shamie
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Osteosarcoma (OGS) and Ewing sarcoma (EWS) are the two classic primary malignant bone tumors. Due to the rarity of these tumors, evidence on demographics, survival determinants, and treatment outcomes for primary disease of the spine are limited and derived from small case series. PURPOSE: To use population-level data to determine the epidemiology and prognostic indicators in patients with OGS and EWS of the osseous spine. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Large-scale retrospective study...
May 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
A Navas Cañete, H L Bloem, H M Kroon
Primary bone tumors of the spine are less common than metastases or multiple myeloma. Based on the patient's age and the radiologic pattern and topography of the tumor, a very approximate differential diagnosis can be established for an osseous vertebral lesion. This article shows the radiologic manifestations of the principal primary bone tumors of the spine from a practical point of view, based on our personal experience and a review of the literature. If bone metastases, multiple myeloma, lymphomas, hemangiomas, and enostoses are excluded, only eight types of tumors account for 80% of all vertebral tumors...
April 2016: Radiología
Cahit Kafadar, Onur Levent Ulusoy, Ersin Ozturk, Ayhan Mutlu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Hatice Resorlu, Adem B Aras, Coskun Zateri, Ferdi Goksel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Nanfang Xu, Feng Wei, Xiaoguang Liu, Liang Jiang, Hong Cai, Zihe Li, Miao Yu, Fengliang Wu, Zhongjun Liu
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVE: To describe a three-dimensional (3D) printed axial vertebral body used in upper cervical spine reconstruction after a C2 Ewing sarcoma resection in an adolescent boy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Ewing sarcoma is a malignant musculoskeletal neoplasm with a peak incidence in adolescents. Cervical spine as the primary site of the tumor has been related to a worse prognosis. Tumor resection is particularly challenging in the atlantoaxial region due to complexity of the anatomy, necessity for extensive resection according to oncological principles, and a lack of specialized implants for reconstruction...
January 2016: Spine
Lida Mirzaei, Suzanne E J Kaal, Hendrik W B Schreuder, Ronald H M A Bartels
BACKGROUND: The vertebral column is an infrequent site of primary involvement in Ewing sarcoma. Yet when Ewing sarcoma is found in the spine, the urge for decompression is high because of the often symptomatic compression of neural structures. It is unclear in alleviating a neurological deficit whether chemotherapy is preferred over decompressive laminectomy. OBJECTIVE: To underline, in this case series, the efficiency of initial chemotherapy before upfront surgery in the setting of high-grade spinal cord or cauda equina compression of primary Ewing sarcoma...
November 2015: Neurosurgery
Robert S Benjamin, Michael J Wagner, J Andrew Livingston, Vinod Ravi, Shreyaskumar R Patel
Increasing age is an adverse prognostic factor in the treatment of primary bone tumors. There are few published data on treatment of primary bone tumors in adults. This paper presents data from the Department of Sarcoma Medical Oncology at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, summarizing our treatment results. To treat primary osteosarcoma, we used 90 mg/m2 of doxorubicin as a continuous intravenous infusion over 48 to 96 hours and 120 to 160 mg/m2 of cisplatin intravenously or intra-arterially...
2015: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
Karthik Kailash Kannan, Rajkumar Jayachandran Sundarapandian, Vignesh Jayabalan Surulivel
Ewing's sarcoma is a primary malignancy of the bone affecting individuals in the second decade of life. Primary sarcomas of the spine are rare and the occurrence of Primary Ewing's sarcoma in the spine is very rare. Ewing's sarcoma occurring in the spine is divided into two types, Ewing's sarcoma of sacral spine which are very aggressive with poor prognosis and Ewing's sarcoma of the non sacral spine which is an extremely rare occurrence. Patient may present with neurological deficit when the tumour extends into the spinal canal causing spinal cord compression...
March 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Marshall T Holland, Oliver E Flouty, Liesl N Close, Chandan G Reddy, Matthew A Howard
Extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma (EES) is a rare presentation, representing only 15% of all primary Ewing's sarcoma cases. Even more uncommon is EES presenting as a primary focus in the spinal canal. These rapidly growing tumors often present with focal neurological symptoms of myelopathy or radiculopathy. There are no classic characteristic imaging findings and thus the physician must keep a high index of clinical suspicion. Diagnosis can only be definitively made by histopathological studies. In this report, we discuss a primary cervical spine EES in a 53-year-old man who presented with a two-month history of left upper extremity pain and acute onset of weakness...
2015: Case Reports in Medicine
Recep Sade, Mürteza Çakır, Hayri Ogul, Ihsan Yuce, Mecit Kantarci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2015: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Bivas Biswas, S Rastogi, S A Khan, N K Shukla, S V S Deo, S Agarwala, B K Mohanti, M C Sharma, Sreenivas Vishnubhatla, S Bakhshi
BACKGROUND: Data on patients with localized Ewing sarcoma family of tumors (ESFT) who have received a uniform chemotherapy protocol are minimal. METHODS: This is a single institutional review of patients with ESFT treated between June 2003 and November 2011. RESULTS: 224/374 (60%) patients with ESFT presented with localized disease; median age was 15 years (range: 0.1-55). Ninety-nine patients underwent surgery of which 50 received adjuvant radiotherapy; 80 patients received radical radiotherapy following neoadjuvant chemotherapy...
May 2015: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Sebnem Orguc, Remide Arkun
Spinal tumors consist of a large spectrum of various histologic entities. Multiple spinal lesions frequently represent known metastatic disease or lymphoproliferative disease. In solitary lesions primary neoplasms of the spine should be considered. Primary spinal tumors may arise from the spinal cord, the surrounding leptomeninges, or the extradural soft tissues and bony structures. A wide variety of benign neoplasms can involve the spine including enostosis, osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, aneurysmal bone cyst, giant cell tumor, and osteochondroma...
July 2014: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
Sandhya Bordia, Sweta Meena, Bijendar Kumar Meena, Vijay Rajak
Ewing's sarcoma/peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor is a small, round, and blue cell malignancy that occurs most often in bone and soft tissues of children and young adults. The intraspinal manifestation of the disease is rare, and when present, this is often misdiagnosed with other varieties of primary spinal tumors. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) plays important role in the early diagnosis of these cases. We report such a case of Ewing's sarcoma of thoracic spine with extension into the intradural space, which was initially suspected to be a case of metastatic lesion in an 18-year-old boy...
2014: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Ali K Ozturk, Ziya L Gokaslan, Jean-Paul Wolinsky
Primary sarcomas of the spine are rare diseases and include osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, chordoma, and Ewing's sarcoma. Surgery for these lesions remains an important part of their treatment. Strong evidence exists for the en bloc resection of chondrosarcoma and chordoma since these lesions respond poorly to both chemotherapy and radiation. Weaker but important evidence suggests that osteosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma may also benefit from wide excisions, but after the application of neoadjuvant therapy, which may significantly aid the surgical process as well as independently prolong the survival...
September 2014: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
Paul E Kaloostian, Ziya L Gokaslan
OBJECTIVE: Primary cervical spinal tumors are rare tumors of the spine and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Such tumors include multiple myeloma, chordomas, giant cell tumors, hemangiomas, osteosarcomas, chondrosarcomas, synovial sarcomas, aneurysmal bone cysts (ABC), hemangiomas, eosinophilic granulomas, osteoid osteomas, and osteoblastomas. We review the surgical decision-making process and identify critical key steps for surgical complication avoidance. We also present case illustrations demonstrating such pathological diagnoses and surgical treatments performed...
June 2014: Neurological Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"