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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806489/characteristics-of-spontaneous-births-attended-by-midwives-and-physicians-in-us-hospitals-in-2014
#1
Patrick Thornton
INTRODUCTION: This study compares characteristics and birth outcomes of women attended by certified nurse-midwives/certified midwives (midwives) and physicians in US hospitals in 2014. METHODS: Data reported in 2014 on the 2003 version of the US birth certificate were examined. Spontaneous vaginal births attributed to midwives and physicians and occurring in hospitals were included. Demographic and risk profiles and adjusted odds ratios for maternal and newborn outcomes were compared by provider type...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806296/the-risk-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-differs-among-preterm-pigs-fed-formulas-with-either-lactose-or-maltodextrin
#2
Randal K Buddington, Samantha L Davis, Karyl K Buddington
OBJECTIVES: When breast milk is unavailable for preterm infants, formulas are needed that won't increase the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Adding novel ingredients to formula to reduce NEC has not been effective clinically. Instead, we tested the prediction that NEC can be reduced by removing the maltodextrin now included in preterm formulas. METHODS: The preterm pig model of spontaneous NEC was used to evaluate growth, health, and intestinal responses to 6-7 days of feeding formulas that were identical except for the source of carbohydrate; either 100% lactose or maltodextrin; colostrum was used as the control...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805261/pregnancy-outcomes-and-impact-of-pregnancy-on-graft-function-in-women-after-kidney-transplantation
#3
Fa Mohammadi, M Borg, A Gulyani, S P Mcdonald, S Jesudason
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation facilitates pregnancy in women with end-stage kidney disease, however impact of pregnancy on short and longer-term graft function is uncertain. METHODS: Obstetric, foetal and graft outcomes for pregnancies from a large Australian transplant unit (1976-2015) were reviewed. RESULTS: There were 56 pregnancies in 35 women with mean age at conception 30.4±0.6 years and mean transplant-pregnancy interval 5.5±0...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805116/bisphenol-a-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
Vasilios Pergialiotis, Paraskevi Kotrogianni, Evangelos Christopoulos-Timogiannakis, Diamanto Koutaki, Georgios Daskalakis, Nikolaos Papantoniou
PURPOSE: Bisphenol A is a chemical compound related to adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. The purpose of the present systematic review is to summarize current knowledge in the field. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically searched the Medline (1966-2017), Scopus (2004-2017), Clinicaltrials.gov (2008-2017), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials CENTRAL (1999-2017) databases. RESULTS: Thirty-five studies were included in the present systematic review...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805106/measuring-fetal-brain-and-lung-transcripts-in-amniotic-fluid-supernatant-a-comparison-of-digital-pcr-and-rt-qpcr-methods
#5
Lisa Hui, Sally Beard, Natalie J Hannan
PURPOSE: Amniotic fluid (AF) cell-free RNA is a promising source of information regarding fetal physiology. Digital PCR (dPCR) is a direct approach to nucleic acid detection that reports absolute transcript copy number. The aim of this study was to compare quantification of cell-free fetal brain and lung RNA transcripts in AF by reverse transcription-qPCR and dPCR. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective hospital-based study performed in 2016-2017. Pulmonary genes were quantified in term AF samples collected at elective cesarean birth; neurodevelopmental genes were measured in preterm samples (< 34 weeks) obtained from women undergoing clinically-indicated amniocentesis...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804715/former-very-preterm-infants-show-alterations-in-thyroid-function-at-a-preschool-age
#6
Anna Posod, Irena Odri Komazec, Ulrike Pupp Peglow, Dagmar Meraner, Elke Griesmaier, Ursula Kiechl-Kohlendorfer
Preterm birth is frequently associated with altered thyroid hormone levels in the newborn period. Recent data suggest a role of prematurity independent of birth size also in childhood thyroid dysfunction. Whether the high-risk population of former very preterm infants (VPI) is particularly susceptible to thyroid hormone alterations is currently unknown. The aim of the present study was to assess whether former VPI display changes in thyroid hormone status in comparison to term-born controls at a preschool age...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803456/evaluation-of-prenatal-corticosteroid-use-in-spontaneous-preterm-labor-in-the-brazilian-multicenter-study-on-preterm-birth-emip
#7
Tabata Z Dias, Renato Passini, Ricardo P Tedesco, Giuliane J Lajos, Patricia M Rehder, Marcelo L Nomura, Maria L Costa, Paulo F Oliveira, Maria H Sousa, Jose G Cecatti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prenatal corticosteroid use in women experiencing spontaneous preterm labor and preterm delivery. METHODS: The present cross-sectional multicenter study analyzed interview data from patients attending 20 hospitals in Brazil owing to preterm delivery between April 1, 2011, and September 30, 2012. Patients were stratified based on preterm labor occurring before 34 weeks or at 34-36(+6) weeks of pregnancy, and the frequency of prenatal corticosteroid use at admission was compared...
August 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802943/pregnancy-outcomes-after-transvaginal-sacrospinous-hysteropexy
#8
Sabri Cavkaytar, Mahmut Kuntay Kokanalı, Umit Tasdemir, Melike Doganay, Orhan Aksakal
AIM: To evaluate the pregnancy outcomes in women who underwent transvaginal sacrospinous hysteropexy with the review of the literature STUDY DESIGN: 54 women who underwent transvaginal sacrospinous hysteropexy due to ≥grade 2 uterine prolapse during six-year period were identified from a computer based database. 8 of these who had pregnancy resulted in live birth subsequent to transvaginal sacrospinous hysteropexy were enrolled in this study. They were examined in case of pelvic organ prolapse recurrence and were questioned about their current self satisfaction status and PISQ-12 questionnaire...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802823/access-to-and-use-of-health-services-as-factors-associated-with-neonatal-mortality-in-the-north-northeast-and-vale-do-jequitinhonha-regions-brazil
#9
Cristiane B Batista, Márcia L de Carvalho, Ana Glória G Vasconcelos
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the factors associated with neonatal mortality related to health services accessibility and use. METHODS: Case-control study of live births in 2008 in small- and medium-sized municipalities in the North, Northeast, and Vale do Jequitinhonha regions, Brazil. A probabilistic sample stratified by region, population size, and information adequacy was generated for the choice of municipalities. Of these, all municipalities with 20,000 inhabitants or less were included in the study (36 municipalities), whereas the remainder were selected according to the probability method proportional to population size, totaling 20 cities with 20,001-50,000 inhabitants and 19 municipalities with 50,001-200,000 inhabitants...
August 9, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802067/crh-stimulation-tests-for-the-infants-with-relative-adrenal-insufficiency
#10
Kougoro Iwanaga, Akane Yamamoto, Takashi Matsukura, Fusako Niwa, Masahiko Kawai
BACKGROUND: Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants are considered to be vulnerable to relative adrenal insufficiency (RAI); however, diagnosis is difficult in some clinical settings. Considering this background, it is necessary to establish a diagnosis of RAI in preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we attempted to clarify the difference in response to CRH stimulation tests for preterm infants with or without RAI. METHODS: Between June 2009 and December 2015, we performed CRH stimulation tests for preterm infants born at a gestational age of <30 weeks at around two weeks of age...
August 12, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801981/pregnancy-outcomes-in-mothers-of-offspring-with-inherited-bone-marrow-failure-syndromes
#11
Neelam Giri, Helen D Reed, Pamela Stratton, Sharon A Savage, Blanche P Alter
BACKGROUND: Children with inherited bone marrow failure syndromes (IBMFSs) may be symptomatic in utero, resulting in maternal and fetal problems during the pregnancy. Subsequent pregnancies by their mothers should be considered "high risk". METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed outcomes of 575 pregnancies in 165 unaffected mothers of offspring with Fanconi anemia (FA), dyskeratosis congenita (DC), Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA), and Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) for events noted during pregnancy, labor, and delivery...
August 12, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801435/differences-in-the-pregnancy-gestation-period-and-mean-birth-weights-in-infants-born-to-indian-pakistani-bangladeshi-and-white-british-mothers-in-luton-uk-a-retrospective-analysis-of-routinely-collected-data
#12
Rebecca Garcia, Nasreen Ali, Andy Guppy, Malcolm Griffiths, Gurch Randhawa
OBJECTIVE: To compare mean birth weights and gestational age at delivery of infants born to Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and white British mothers in Luton, UK. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis using routinely recorded secondary data in Ciconia Maternity information System, between 2008 and 2013. SETTING: Luton, UK. PARTICIPANTS: Mothers whose ethnicity was recorded as white British, Bangladeshi, Pakistani or Indian and living in Luton, aged over 16, who had a live singleton birth over 24 weeks of gestation were included in the analysis (n=14 871)...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801253/investigating-the-maturation-of-microstructure-and-radial-orientation-in-the-preterm-human-cortex-with-diffusion-mri
#13
Zach Eaton-Rosen, Benoit Scherrer, Andrew Melbourne, Sebastien Ourselin, Jeffrey J Neil, Simon K Warfield
Preterm birth disrupts and alters the complex developmental processes in the cerebral cortex. This disruption may be a contributing factor to widespread delay and cognitive difficulties in the preterm population. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW MRI) is a noninvasive imaging technique that makes inferences about cellular structures, at scales smaller than the imaging resolution. One established finding is that DW MRI shows a transient radial alignment in the preterm cortex. In this study, we quantify this maturational process with the "radiality index", a parameter that measures directional coherence, which we expect to change rapidly in the perinatal period...
August 8, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800643/social-disadvantage-and-the-black-white-disparity-in-spontaneous-preterm-delivery-among-california-births
#14
Suzan L Carmichael, Peiyi Kan, Amy M Padula, David H Rehkopf, John W Oehlert, Jonathan A Mayo, Ann M Weber, Paul H Wise, Gary M Shaw, David K Stevenson
We examined the contribution of social disadvantage to the black-white disparity in preterm birth. Analyses included linked vital and hospital discharge records from 127,358 black and 615,721 white singleton California births from 2007-11. Odds ratios (OR) were estimated by 4 logistic regression models for 2 outcomes: early (<32 wks) and moderate (32-36 wks) spontaneous preterm birth (ePTB, mPTB), stratified by 2 race-ethnicity groups (blacks and whites). We then conducted a potential impact analysis. The OR for less than high school education (vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800162/feeding-imprinting-the-extreme-test-case-of-premature-infants-born-with-very-low-birth-weight
#15
Moriya Suberi, Iris Morag, Tzipora Strauss, Ronny Geva
Feeding imprinting, considered a survival-enabling process, is not well understood. Infants born very preterm, who first feed passively, are an effective model for studying feeding imprinting. Retrospective analysis of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) records of 255 infants (Mgestational age  = 29.98 ± 1.64) enabled exploring the notion that direct breastfeeding (DBF) during NICU stay leads to consumption of more mother's milk and earlier NICU discharge. Results showed that DBF before the first bottle feeding is related to shorter transition into oral feeding, a younger age of full oral feeding accomplishment and earlier discharge...
August 11, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799276/mode-of-delivery-for-singleton-extreme-preterm-breech-fetuses-a-10%C3%A2-year-retrospective-review-from-a-single-tertiary-obstetric-centre
#16
Frances Hills, Mandy Way, Renuka Sekar
BACKGROUND: Preterm breech delivery is associated with a higher perinatal mortality rate compared with preterm vertex delivery, and some studies suggest caesarean section leads to lower mortality rates. Few studies include infants delivered less than 26 weeks gestation, and where included, results are often not stratified by gestational age. There is also a lack of consistent reporting on neonatal and maternal morbidity outcome measures. AIMS: To determine if mode of delivery for singleton extreme preterm breech fetuses is associated with a difference in perinatal mortality, neonatal and maternal morbidity...
August 11, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799178/retrospective-cohort-study-shows-that-the-risks-for-retinopathy-of-prematurity-included-birth-age-and-weight-medical-conditions-and-treatment
#17
Aliaa Adel Ali, Nancy Gomaa, Ahmed Reda Awadein, Huda Hussein Al-Hayouti, Ahmed Hegazy
AIM: This study described the characteristics and risk factors of neonates who developed retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and severe treatable ROP in two Egyptian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study comprised 108 preterm neonates who were screened for ROP after being admitted to the two NICUs run by Cairo University Hospital from June 2014 to May 2015. Patients were examined using digital fundus photography and indirect ophthalmoscopy was performed if ROP was detected...
August 11, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799040/automated-microfluidic-devices-integrating-solid-phase-extraction-fluorescent-labeling-and-microchip-electrophoresis-for-preterm-birth-biomarker-analysis
#18
Vishal Sahore, Mukul Sonker, Anna V Nielsen, Radim Knob, Suresh Kumar, Adam T Woolley
We have developed multichannel integrated microfluidic devices for automated preconcentration, labeling, purification, and separation of preterm birth (PTB) biomarkers. We fabricated multilayer poly(dimethylsiloxane)-cyclic olefin copolymer (PDMS-COC) devices that perform solid-phase extraction (SPE) and microchip electrophoresis (μCE) for automated PTB biomarker analysis. The PDMS control layer had a peristaltic pump and pneumatic valves for flow control, while the PDMS fluidic layer had five input reservoirs connected to microchannels and a μCE system...
August 10, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798896/pregnancy-outcomes-in-hiv-infected-women-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-india
#19
Vatsla Dadhwal, Aparna Sharma, Kavita Khoiwal, Dipika Deka, Plaboni Sarkar, P Vanamail
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is conflicting data on the effect of HIV infection as well as antiretroviral therapy (ART) on pregnancy outcome. The objectives of this study were to compare pregnancy outcomes in women with and without HIV infection, and to evaluate the effect of HAART on pregnancy in HIV-infected women. METHODS: This is a prospective case record analysis of 212 HIV-infected women delivering between 2002 and 2015, in a tertiary health care center in India...
2017: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798414/comparison-of-neonatal-outcomes-following-progesterone-use-during-ovarian-stimulation-with-frozen-thawed-embryo-transfer
#20
Xiuxian Zhu, Hongjuan Ye, Yonglun Fu
Progesterone soft capsules (brand name: Utrogestan) were demonstrated to be an effective oral alternative to prevent premature LH surges both in normal-ovulatory and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) patients. However, its safety in terms of neonatal outcomes is unclear. To evaluate whether Utrogestan use increase the risk of adverse neonatal outcomes compared with short protocol in patients undergoing IVF/ICSI treatments in combination with frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET), we performed a retrospective analysis including 1008 FET cycles, with embryos originated from either Utrogestan + hMG protocol (n = 499), or short protocol (n = 509), which led to 546 live-born infants...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
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