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Cervical length in pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909269/can-uterocervical-angles-successfully-predict-induction-of-labor-in-nulliparous-women
#1
Emrah Dagdeviren, Berna Aslan Çetin, Begum Aydogan Mathyk, Nadiye Koroglu, Elif Goknur Topcu, Mehmet Aytac Yuksel
PURPOSE: Induction of labor is a common practice in obstetrics. In recent years, a newer ultrasonographic parameter called the uterocervical angle (UCA) has been identified as a predictive tool for births. Our purpose is to investigate the role of UCA in predicting successful induction of labor. METHODS: The nulliparous term pregnancies (n:150) were grouped into successful/failed inductions of labor based on their progress into the active phase of labor after the administration of prostaglandin E2 (dinoprostone)...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880174/neutrophil-elastase-in-cervical-fluid-in-women-with-short-cervical-length
#2
Soo Ran Choi, Soon-Sun Hong, Juyoung Kim, Keun-Young Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the relationships between short cervical length (CL) and levels of cervical fluid neutrophil elastase (NE), secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI), and interleukin 8 (IL-8) in the second trimester of pregnancy of women who underwent ultrasound-indicated cervical cerclage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CL of <25 mm or cervical funneling were included in the short CL group (n = 26) and the normal CL group (n = 22) included women who had CL of ≥25 mm and had no cervical funneling in women between 17 + 0 and 24 + 6 weeks of gestation...
June 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880168/amniotic-fluid-index-single-deepest-pocket-and-transvaginal-cervical-length-parameter-of-predictive-delivery-latency-in-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes
#3
Young-Joo Lee, Seung-Chul Kim, Jong-Kil Joo, Dong-Hyung Lee, Ki-Hyung Kim, Kyu-Sup Lee
OBJECTIVE: Prediction of delivery latency complicated with preterm premature rupture of membrane (PPROM) is crucial for reducing maternal and neonatal complications. Therefore, we investigated the correlations between latency period and cut-off values of ultrasonographic parameters, ultimately predicting delivery latency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective study was performed on 121 PPROM patients enrolled between March 2010 and July 2015. Parameters including amniotic fluid index (AFI), single deepest pocket (SDP) and transvaginal cervical length (TVCL) were measured in 99 singleton pregnancies with PPROM...
June 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29813033/a-soft-cervix-categorized-by-shear-wave-elastography-in-women-with-short-or-with-normal-cervical-length-at-18-24-weeks-is-associated-with-a-higher-prevalence-of-spontaneous-preterm-delivery
#4
Edgar Hernandez-Andrade, Eli Maymon, Suchaya Luewan, Gaurav Bhatti, Mohammad Mehrmohammadi, Offer Erez, Percy Pacora, Bogdan Done, Sonia S Hassan, Roberto Romero
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a soft cervix identified by shear-wave elastography between 18 and 24 weeks of gestation is associated with increased frequency of spontaneous preterm delivery (sPTD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 628 consecutive women with a singleton pregnancy. Cervical length (mm) and softness [shear-wave speed: (SWS) meters per second (m/s)] of the internal cervical os were measured at 18-24 weeks of gestation...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804639/simple-trachelectomy-with-pelvic-lymphadenectomy-as-a-viable-treatment-option-in-pregnant-patients-with-stage-ib1-%C3%A2-2-cm-cervical-cancer-bridging-the-gap-to-fetal-viability
#5
Gloria Salvo, Michael Frumovitz, Rene Pareja, Joseph Lee, Pedro T Ramirez
OBJECTIVE: Cervical cancer is the most common gynecologic cancer in pregnancy. This study aims to evaluate simple trachelectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy in patients with stage IB1 (≥2 cm) cervical cancer wishing to maintain their pregnancy. METHODS: We included patients with stage IB1 (≥2 cm) cervical cancer who underwent simple trachelectomy and minimally invasive pelvic lymphadenectomy during pregnancy from January 2004 to August 2016. Data analysis included demographics, perioperative, obstetrics, and oncologic outcomes...
May 24, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804334/-prevention-of-preterm-birth-in-twins-with-short-mid-trimester-cervical-length-less-than-25mm-combined-treatment-with-arabin-s-cerclage-pessary-and-intravaginal-micronized-progesterone-compared-with-conservative-treatment
#6
Ariel Zimerman, Ron Maymon, Yfat Viner, Noa Glick, Arie Herman, Ortal Neeman
BACKGROUND: Twin pregnancies with short mid-trimester cervical length have a high rate of preterm births. OBJECTIVES: To compare combined treatment of Arabin cerclage pessary, and intravaginal micronized progesterone to conservative treatment for the prevention of preterm births in twins pregnancies with short cervical length in second trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective study that compared twin pregnancies with short ≤25mm cervix in second trimester 16-28 gestational weeks treated with combined treatment of Arabin cervical pessary and intravaginal micronized progesterone 200mg TID to a control group with conservative treatment for the prevention of preterm...
May 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772945/the-efficiency-of-the-uterocervical-angle-in-the-prediction-of-second-trimester-pregnancy-terminations-in-multiparous-women
#7
Berna Aslan Cetin, Begum Aydogan Mathyk, Nadiye Koroglu, Gozde Demirezen, Gokce Turan, Gokhan Demirayak, Gokhan Yildirim
AIM: To show how uterocervical angles are used for the prediction of second-trimester pregnancy terminations in multiparous women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 148 multiparous singleton women in their second trimesters were enrolled in this prospective study. The intracervical Foley catheter was used for the induction of delivery. The cervical length (CL) and the uterocervical angle (UCA) were measured before the beginning of induction. The study population was subdivided into four groups; successful and failed terminations at the end of 24 and 48 h time frames...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764255/knot-positioning-during-mcdonald-cervical-cerclage-does-it-make-a-difference-a-cohort-study
#8
Hytham Atia, Mohamed Ellaithy, Ahmed Altraigey, Heba Ibrahim
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of McDonald cerclage knot position on the different maternal and neonatal outcomes. METHODS: This historical cohort study included women with singleton pregnancy who had a prophylactic McDonald cervical cerclage between 1 May 2010 and 31 September 2017. Maternal and neonatal outcome parameters were compared between the anterior and posterior knot cerclage procedures. The primary outcome measure was the rate of term birth. RESULTS: 550 Women had a prophylactic McDonald cervical cerclage, 306 with anterior knot (Group A) and 244 with posterior knot (Group B)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747267/-application-of-uterine-lower-part-breakwater-like-suture-operation-in-placenta-previa
#9
Y Zhao, J W Zhu, D Wu, Q H Wang, S S Lu, X X Liu, L Zou
Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of uterine lower posterior wall breakwater-like suture technique in controlling the intraoperative bleeding of placenta previa. Methods: From June 2016 to June 2017, 47 patients were diagnosed placenta previa in Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Posterior wall breakwater-like suture technique was used preferentially, as for cases with poor myometrium layer, lower anterior wall stitch suture was used at the same time...
April 25, 2018: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699436/the-association-of-different-progesterone-preparations-with-preterm-birth-prevention
#10
Eyal Krispin, Eran Hadar, Rony Chen, Arnon Wiznitzer, Boris Kaplan
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the efficacy of commonly available progesterone preparations for preterm birth prevention. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of all women treated with progesterone to prevent preterm birth and delivered in a single university-affiliated tertiary medical-center. Four progesterone preparations were compared: vaginal Endometrin 100 mg twice daily, vaginal Crinone 8% gel 90 mg daily, vaginal Utrogestan 200 mg daily, and intramuscular 17α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-OHPC) 250 mg weekly...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670041/comparative-evaluation-of-arabin-pessary-and-cervical-cerclage-for-the-prevention-of-preterm-labor-in-asymptomatic-women-with-high-risk-factors
#11
Panagiotis Tsikouras, George Anastasopoulos, Vasileios Maroulis, Anastasia Bothou, Anna Chalkidou, Dorelia Deuteraiou, Xanthoula Anthoulaki, Georgios Tsatsaris, Arzou Halil Bourazan, George Iatrakis, Stefanos Zervoudis, Georgios Galazios, Lola-Katerina Inagamova, Roland Csorba, Alexander-Tobias Teichmann
OBJECTIVE: Preterm labor is one of the most significant obstetric problems associated with high rate of actual and long-term perinatal complications. Despite the creation of scoring systems, uterine activity monitoring, cervical ultrasound and several biochemical markers, the prediction and prevention of preterm labor is still a matter of concern. The aim of this study was to examine cervical findings for the prediction and the comparative use of Arabin pessary or cerclage for the prevention of preterm birth in asymptomatic women with high risk factors for preterm labor...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663469/quantitative-ultrasound-analysis-of-proximal-and-distal-cervical-tissue-echogenicity-in-premature-cervical-remodeling
#12
Matthew J Blitz, Sleiman R Ghorayeb, Sarah L Pachtman, Megan Murphy, Zara Rahman, Lakha Prasannan, Cristina P Sison, Nidhi Vohra, Burton Rochelson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a novel, noninvasive quantitative ultrasound (US) technique can detect differences in proximal and distal cervical tissue echogenicity in women with and without a shortened cervical length (CL). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control study of singleton pregnancies at 16 to 26 weeks' gestation in which a transvaginal US examination was performed to measure CL from 2013 to 2015. Initial CLs in cases and controls were less than 2...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627847/pregnancy-outcomes-and-superiorities-of-prophylactic-cervical-cerclage-and-therapeutic-cervical-cerclage-in-cervical-insufficiency-pregnant-women
#13
Yanyan Liu, Zikan Ke, Wanmin Liao, Hanping Chen, Shiqing Wei, Xiaoquan Lai, Xi Chen
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical effect of prophylactic cervical cerclage and therapeutic cervical cerclage on pregnancy outcome and operative factors in cervical insufficiency pregnant women. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted between June 2014 and September 2016 in a maternity ward, which included women who have had a single pregnancy and have been carried out a McDonald cerclage. All maternal medical records were reviewed. The efficacy of cerclage for preventing late foetal loss was assessed using multivariable logistic regression analysis...
June 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560285/mid-trimester-cervical-consistency-index-and-cervical-length-to-predict-spontaneous-preterm-birth-in-a-high-risk-population
#14
Núria Baños, Carla Julià, Núria Lorente, Silvia Ferrero, Teresa Cobo, Eduard Gratacos, Montse Palacio
Background  Short cervical length (CL) has not been shown to be adequate as a single predictor of spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) in high-risk pregnancies. Objective  The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the mid-trimester cervical consistency index (CCI) to predict sPTB in a cohort of high-risk pregnancies and to compare the results with those obtained with the CL. Study Design  Prospective cohort study including high-risk singleton pregnancies between 19 +0 and 24 +6 weeks...
January 2018: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557230/a-randomised-trial-to-compare-200-mg-micronised-progesterone-effervescent-vaginal-tablet-daily-with-250-mg-intramuscular-17-alpha-hydroxy-progesterone-caproate-weekly-for-prevention-of-recurrent-preterm-birth
#15
Shruti Shambhavi, Rashmi Bagga, Pallavi Bansal, Jasvinder Kalra, Praveen Kumar
For prevention of a recurrent preterm birth (PTB), intramuscular 17-α-hydroxy progesterone caproate (IM 17 OHPC) weekly is recommended. Vaginal progesterone is preferred for women at risk for PTB due to a short cervical length, but may be useful in women with a prior PTB. However, there is no consensus about the optimal vaginal formulation or its efficacy as compared to 17 OHPC to prevent recurrent PTB. We randomised 100 women with a singleton pregnancy between 16 and 24 weeks of gestation and ≥ one prior spontaneous PTB, of a singleton (>16 to <37 weeks of gestation) to receive the 200 mg vaginal progesterone effervescent tablet daily (Group A) or IM 17-OHPC, 250 mg weekly (Group B) till 37 weeks of gestation or delivery...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545826/pelvic-ultrasound-findings-in-women-with-obstetric-fistula-a-cross-sectional-study-of-cases-and-controls
#16
Jeffrey P Wilkinson, Angela M Bengtson, Ennet Chipungu, Rachel J Pope, Bonus Makanani, Margaret Moyo, Mwawi Mwale, Jennifer H Tang
Objective: Obstetric fistula (OF) is a morbid condition caused by prolonged obstructed labor. Women with OF experience profound injury and have high rates of infertility and poor obstetric outcomes. We examined endovaginal ultrasound parameters in women with and without OF. Design/Setting/Sample/Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled women evaluated at the Fistula Care Centre in Lilongwe, Malawi. Eligibility criteria included age 18-45, prior pregnancy, and a uterus on ultrasound...
2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537316/routine-second-trimester-cervical-length-screening-in-low-risk-women-identified-women-at-risk-of-a-very-preterm-birth-but-did-not-reduce-the-preterm-birth-rate-a-randomised-study-from-india
#17
Siddhidatri Mishra, Rashmi Bagga, Jasvinder Kalra, Vanita Jain, Sourabh Dutta
Women (n = 300) at 'low risk' for a preterm birth (PTB), a singleton pregnancy and for a 16-24 week period of gestation (POG) were randomised to undergo cervical length (CL) measurement by transvaginal sonography (TVS) or not. The aim was to see if routine CL measurement and treatment of a short CL reduced the PTB rate. 'Low risk' was defined by an absence of a prior abortion or PTB of a singleton infant (>16 to <37 weeks) due to a spontaneous preterm labour (PTL) or a preterm pre-labour rupture of membranes (pPROM)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536576/implementation-of-universal-screening-for-preterm-delivery-by-mid-trimester-cervical-length-measurement
#18
Athena P Souka, Ioannis Papastefanou, Athanasios Pilalis, Dimitrios Kassanos, George Papadopoulos
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility and the results of introducing a policy of universal screening for preterm delivery. METHODS: Transvaginal sonography for cervical length (CL) measurement was performed at 20-24 weeks of gestation. Vaginal progesterone therapy was offered to women with CL ≤ 15mm. RESULTS: 10,969 singleton pregnancies were assessed. The decline rate was 1.32%. Spontaneous preterm delivery at less than 32 weeks (SPD32), less than 34 weeks (SPD34) and less than 37 weeks (SPD37) occurred in 0...
March 14, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510425/impact-of-peanut-ball-device-on-the-duration-of-active-labor-a-randomized-control-trial
#19
Rebecca J Mercier, Mei Kwan
OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate whether the use of a peanut ball device shortens the duration of active labor in nulliparas. STUDY DESIGN:  Single-site, nonblinded randomized trial in nulliparous women admitted for labor or labor induction. English-speaking women > 18 years of age with singleton pregnancies were enrolled. Participants were randomized to the use of peanut ball or usual care upon reaching the active phase of labor (≥ 6 cm cervical dilation) with an epidural...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468770/pessary-for-prevention-of-preterm-birth-in-twin-pregnancy-with-short-cervix-3-year-follow-up-study
#20
J van 't Hooft, J H van der Lee, B C Opmeer, A G van Wassenaer-Leemhuis, A L van Baar, D J Bekedam, L J P Steenis, S Liem, E Schuit, C Cuijpers, E Bleeker, M E Vinke, N Simons, I M de Graaf, B W J Mol, C van de Beek
OBJECTIVE: A recent randomized clinical trial (ProTWIN) showed that a cervical pessary prevented preterm birth and improved neonatal outcome in women with multiple pregnancy and cervical length (CL) < 38 mm. In this follow-up study, the long-term developmental outcome of these children was evaluated at 3 years' corrected age. METHODS: This was a follow-up study of ProTWIN, a multicenter trial conducted between 2009 and 2012 in which asymptomatic women with a multiple pregnancy were randomized to placement of a cervical pessary or no intervention...
May 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
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