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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161748/whole-body-cryotherapy-as-a-recovery-technique-after-exercise-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
Catriona Rose, Kate M Edwards, Jason Siegler, Kenneth Graham, Corinne Caillaud
This review aims to evaluate the current body of literature investigating the effect of whole body cryotherapy on recovery after exercise. A systematic search was conducted to investigate the effect of whole body cryotherapy (WBC, exposure to temperatures between -110 to -190°C) on markers of recovery after damaging exercise in healthy, physically active subjects. Of the 16 eligible articles extracted, ten induced muscle damage using controlled exercise in a laboratory setting, while six induced damage during sport-specific training...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161458/proton-pump-inhibitors-for-functional-dyspepsia
#2
REVIEW
Maria Ines Pinto-Sanchez, Yuhong Yuan, Ahmed Hassan, Premysl Bercik, Paul Moayyedi
BACKGROUND: Functional dyspepsia (FD or non-ulcer dyspepsia) is defined as continuous or frequently recurring epigastric pain or discomfort for which no organic cause can be found. Acid suppressive therapy, including proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), has been proposed as a therapeutic option in FD, but its efficacy remains controversial. While PPIs are generally considered safe and well tolerated, they have been associated with adverse events, especially in the long term. For this reason, decisions on whether to initiate or continue PPI therapy should be made based on an appropriate clinical indication...
November 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161177/interactions-among-sexual-activity-menstrual-cycle-phase-and-immune-function-in-healthy-women
#3
Tierney K Lorenz, Julia R Heiman, Gregory E Demas
Past research has found menstrual-cycle-related changes in functional immune response; we examined if sexual activity also changed markers of immune defense. We followed 32 naturally cycling women (15 sexually active with a partner ≥ 1 time/week, 17 sexually abstinent for the last four months) over one menstrual cycle. Participants provided serum and saliva samples at menses and ovulation, and additional saliva samples at midfollicular and midluteal phases. At each phase, participants also self-reported symptoms associated with colds, flu, pain, menstrual discomfort, and premenstrual syndrome...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160901/dietary-advanced-glycation-end-products-have-sex-and-age-dependent-effects-on-vertebral-bone-microstructure-and-mechanical-function-in-mice
#4
Svenja Illien-Jünger, Paolo Palacio-Mancheno, William F Kindschuh, Xue Chen, Grazyna E Sroga, Deepak Vashishth, James C Iatridis
Back pain is a leading cause of global disability that can arise from vertebral fracture and osteoporosis. While poor general health and obesity are among the strongest risk factors for back pain, there is remarkably little known about how diet influences spinal diseases. Advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) are implicated in increased fracture risk, yet no studies investigated how dietary AGEs affect spinal health. We tested the hypothesis that high dietary AGE ingestion will diminish vertebral structure and function in a sex- and age-dependent manner...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160850/analgesic-mechanisms-of-antidepressants-for-neuropathic-pain
#5
REVIEW
Hideaki Obata
Tricyclic antidepressants and serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors are used to treat chronic pain, such as neuropathic pain. Why antidepressants are effective for treatment of neuropathic pain and the precise mechanisms underlying their effects, however, remain unclear. The inhibitory effects of these antidepressants for neuropathic pain manifest more quickly than their antidepressive effects, suggesting different modes of action. Recent studies of animal models of neuropathic pain revealed that noradrenaline is extremely important for the inhibition of neuropathic pain...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160828/parent-cardiac-response-in-the-context-of-their-child-s-completion-of-the-cold-pressor-task-a-pilot-study
#6
Kaytlin Constantin, Rachel L Moline, C Meghan McMurtry, Heidi N Bailey
Parents' ability to regulate their emotions is essential to providing supportive caregiving behaviours when their child is in pain. Extant research focuses on parent self-reported experience or observable behavioural responses. Physiological responding, such as heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV), is critical to the experience and regulation of emotions and provides a complementary perspective on parent experience; yet, it is scarcely assessed. This pilot study examined parent (n = 25) cardiac response (HR, HRV) at rest (neutral film clip), immediately before the cold pressor task (pre-CPT), and following the CPT (post-CPT)...
November 21, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160725/management-of-neurologic-deformity-of-the-ankle-and-foot-with-concurrent-osteomyelitis-with-the-ilizarov-method
#7
Nikolay Mikhailovich Kliushin, Anatoliy Sergeyevich Sudnitsyn, Koushik Narayan Subramanyam, Jefferson George
BACKGROUND: The combination of neurologic deformity of the ankle and foot with osteomyelitis is a therapeutic challenge. We investigated the role of Ilizarov with regard to eradication of infection, correction of deformities and improvement of patient function. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 77 patients (77 feet) with neurologic deformity of the ankle and foot with osteomyelitis treated sequentially in 3 stages by Ilizarov method. The 3 stages were (1) active debridement and Ilizarov stabilization, (2) further strengthening of Ilizarov fixator and active osteosynthesis consisting of strategies like arthrodesis, osteotomy distraction, bone transport, or combination thereof, (3) consolidation of fusion/regeneration achieved in second stage...
November 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160603/relationship-between-self-reported-cognitive-difficulties-objective-neuropsychological-test-performance-and-psychological-distress-in-chronic-pain
#8
K S Baker, S J Gibson, N Georgiou-Karistianis, M J Giummarra
BACKGROUND: Persons with chronic pain often report problems with cognitive abilities, such as memory or attention. There is limited understanding of whether objective performance is consistent with subjective reports, and how psychological factors contribute. We aimed to investigate these relationships in a group of patients expressing cognitive concerns, and evaluate the utility of self-report tools for pain management settings. METHOD: Participants with chronic pain (n = 41) completed standardized neuropsychological tests, and self-report measures of cognitive functioning, pain, mood and sleep, as part of a broader study investigating cognitive performance in pain...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160600/current-evidence-of-cannabinoid-based-analgesia-obtained-in-preclinical-and-human-experimental-settings
#9
REVIEW
J Lötsch, I Weyer-Menkhoff, I Tegeder
Cannabinoids have a long record of recreational and medical use and become increasingly approved for pain therapy. This development is based on preclinical and human experimental research summarized in this review. Cannabinoid CB1 receptors are widely expressed throughout the nociceptive system. Their activation by endogenous or exogenous cannabinoids modulates the release of neurotransmitters. This is reflected in antinociceptive effects of cannabinoids in preclinical models of inflammatory, cancer and neuropathic pain, and by nociceptive hypersensitivity of cannabinoid receptor-deficient mice...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160551/effects-of-pilates-and-yoga-in-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-a-sonographic-study
#10
Naime Uluğ, Öznur Tunca Yılmaz, Murat Kara, Levent Özçakar
BACKGROUND: Various studies have shown the efficacy of conventional isometric, Pilates and yoga exercises. However, data on the effects and comparison of these specific exercises on the cervical muscle morphology are insufficient or lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of different exercise treatments on neck muscles in patients with chronic neck pain. DESIGN: A randomized study. METHODS: Fifty-six patients with chronic neck pain were randomized into 3 groups as follows: Pilates group (n = 20), yoga group (n = 18) and isometric group (n = 18)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159899/extremely-painful-multifocal-acquired-predominant-axonal-sensorimotor-neuropathy-of-the-upper-limb
#11
Doris Lieba-Samal, Jeroen J J van Eijk, Marieke H J van Rosmalen, Irene M F van Balken, Aad Verrips, Jop Mostert, Sigrid Pillen, Nens van Alfen
The differential diagnosis of upper extremity mononeuritis multiplex includes neuralgic amyotrophy, vasculitic neuropathy, and Lewis-Sumner syndrome. We describe 3 patients initially suspected of neuralgic amyotrophy, who had an extremely painful, protracted, progressive disease course, not fitting one of these established diagnoses. Nerve ultrasonography showed focal caliber changes of the roots, plexus, and limb nerves. Electromyography showed predominant multifocal axonopathy. Ongoing autoimmune neuropathy was suspected...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159750/general-health-related-quality-of-life-scores-from-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-obtained-throughout-the-first-year-following-diagnosis-predicted-up-to-10-year-overall-survival
#12
Hans Jørgen Aarstad, Arild Andrè Østhus, Helene Hersvik Aarstad, Stein Lybak, Anne Kari Hersvik Aarstad
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the 5- and 10-year survival prediction of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) scores obtained at diagnosis and at 6, 9 and 12 months after diagnosis in a cohort of curable head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HNSCC patients (n = 109) reported their HRQoL measured by the EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ) general (C30) questionnaire. At diagnosis, the included patients were below 78 years of age and at diagnosis planned treated with curative intent...
November 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159677/not-all-sagittal-band-tears-come-with-extensor-instability-a-case-report-with-radiological-and-operative-correlation
#13
Shuo Li, Jeffrey J Brooks, Jubin Jacob, Ahmadreza Ghasemiesfe, Greg B Marrinan
The sagittal bands are a component of the extensor hood. They serve an important role in stabilizing the extensor tendon by forming a "check-rein" to radial-ulnar translation of the tendon over the metacarpal head, and extending the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint by virtue of attaching the extensor tendon to the palmar plate. Injury to the sagittal band is thought to cause extensor instability and subluxation to the contralateral side by disruption of this "check-rein" function, although recent evidence from cadaver studies suggests that ulnar sagittal band tear may be spared of extensor instability...
November 20, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159039/disruption-of-default-mode-network-dynamics-in-acute-and-chronic-pain-states
#14
Z Alshelh, K K Marciszewski, R Akhter, F Di Pietro, E P Mills, E R Vickers, C C Peck, G M Murray, L A Henderson
It has been proposed that pain competes with other attention-demanding stimuli for cognitive resources, and many chronic pain patients display significant attention and mental flexibility deficits. These alterations may result from disruptions in the functioning of the default mode network (DMN) which plays a critical role in attention, memory, prospection and self-processing, and recent investigations have found alterations in DMN function in multiple chronic pain conditions. Whilst it has been proposed that these DMN alterations are a characteristic of pain that is chronic in nature, we recently reported altered oscillatory activity in the DMN during an acute, 5  minute noxious stimulus in healthy control subjects...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158960/a-combined-treatment-approach-emphasizing-impairment-based-manual-therapy-and-exercise-for-hip-related-compensatory-injury-in-elite-athletes-a-case-series
#15
Steve Short, Gretchen Short, Donald Strack, Philip Anloague, Brian Brewster
Background/Purpose: Athletes experiencing hip, groin, and low back pain often exhibit similar clinical characteristics. Individuals with hip, groin and low back pain may have the presence of multiple concurrent pathoanatomical diagnoses. Regardless, similar regional characteristics and dysfunction may contribute to the patient's chief complaint, potentially creating a sub-group of individuals that may be defined by lumbopelvic and hip mobility limitations, motor control impairments, and other shared clinical findings...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158957/relationship-of-preseason-movement-screens-with-overuse-symptoms-in-collegiate-baseball-players
#16
Andrew M Busch, Daniel R Clifton, James A Onate, Vincent K Ramsey, Fred Cromartie
Background: The shoulder mobility screen of the Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS™) and the upper extremity patterns of the Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA) assess global, multi-joint movement capabilities in the upper-extremities. Identifying which assessment can most accurately determine if baseball players are at an increased risk of experiencing overuse symptoms in the shoulder or elbow throughout a competitive season may reduce throwing-related injuries requiring medical attention...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158955/correlation-of-self-reported-outcome-measures-and-the-selective-functional-movement-assessment-sfma-an-exploration-of-validity
#17
Mark Riebel, Michael Crowell, Jeffrey Dolbeer, Eliza Szymanek, Don Goss
Background/Purpose: The Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA) is a clinical model used to assist diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders by identifying dysfunctions in movement patterns. Based on the premise that addressing movement dysfunction is associated with an improvement in patient outcomes, the validity of the SFMA would be strengthened by observed improvement in self-reported function being associated with change in movement patterns. The purpose of this study was to explore the validity of the SFMA by determining if a correlation exists between a change in self-reported outcome measures and attributes of the assessment...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158950/changing-our-diagnostic-paradigm-movement-system-diagnostic-classification
#18
Paula M Ludewig, Danilo H Kamonseki, Justin L Staker, Rebekah L Lawrence, Paula R Camargo, Jonathan P Braman
Proper diagnosis is a first step in applying best available treatments, and prognosticating outcomes for clients. Currently, the majority of musculoskeletal diagnoses are classified according to pathoanatomy. However, the majority of physical therapy treatments are applied toward movement system impairments or pain. While advocated within the physical therapy profession for over thirty years, diagnostic classification within a movement system framework has not been uniformly developed or adopted. We propose a basic framework and rationale for application of a movement system diagnostic classification for atraumatic shoulder pain conditions, as a case for the broader development of movement system diagnostic labels...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158567/optogenetic-silencing-of-nociceptive-primary-afferents-reduces-evoked-and-ongoing-bladder-pain
#19
Vijay K Samineni, Aaron D Mickle, Jangyeol Yoon, Jose G Grajales-Reyes, Melanie Y Pullen, Kaitlyn E Crawford, Kyung Nim Noh, Graydon B Gereau, Sherri K Vogt, H Henry Lai, John A Rogers, Robert W Gereau
Patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) suffer from chronic pain that severely affects quality of life. Although the underlying pathophysiology is not well understood, inhibition of bladder sensory afferents temporarily relieves pain. Here, we explored the possibility that optogenetic inhibition of nociceptive sensory afferents could be used to modulate bladder pain. The light-activated inhibitory proton pump Archaerhodopsin (Arch) was expressed under control of the sensory neuron-specific sodium channel (sns) gene to selectively silence these neurons...
November 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158412/induced-gnas-r201h-expression-from-the-endogenous-gnas-locus-causes-fibrous-dysplasia-by-up-regulating-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#20
Sanjoy Kumar Khan, Prem Swaroop Yadav, Gene Elliott, Dorothy Zhang Hu, Ruoshi Xu, Yingzi Yang
Fibrous dysplasia (FD; Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man no. 174800) is a crippling skeletal disease caused by activating mutations of the GNAS gene, which encodes the stimulatory G protein Gαs FD can lead to severe adverse conditions such as bone deformity, fracture, and severe pain, leading to functional impairment and wheelchair confinement. So far there is no cure, as the underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms remain largely unknown and the lack of appropriate animal models has severely hampered FD research...
November 20, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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