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Autoimmune sulfa

Karen E Bruner, Christopher A Coop, Kevin M White
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX)-induced aseptic meningitis (TSIAM) and discuss the features, possible mechanisms, evaluation, and treatment options relevant for the allergist. DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE search was performed using the terms aseptic meningitis, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, and sulfamethoxazole. STUDY SELECTIONS: Cases were included that fit the case definition of headache, neck pain, or change in mental status with elevated cerebrospinal fluid white blood cell count or protein attributable to TMP-SMX or either medication alone...
November 2014: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
G Di Zenzo, M Carrozzo, L S Chan
Mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) is a heterogeneous group of autoimmune subepithelial blistering diseases affecting primarily mucous membranes showing marked degree of clinical and immunological variability. We investigated four controversial topics: (i) Does oral pemphigoid (OP) really exist as a separate entity? (ii) Is mucous membrane pemphigoid curable? (iii) What is the best therapeutic option for MMP? (iv) Does exclusive oral IgA dermatitis exist as a distinct entity from MMP? Results from extensive literature searches suggested that (i) it is still unclear whether patients with OP could be considered as a distinct subset of MMP with specific clinical and immunological features; (ii) it is uncertain whether treatment regimens that get MMP under control can be eliminated to allow patients to be in drug-free remission or they should be continuously administered in some capacities; (iii) there is a concerning paucity of good-quality trials on MMP and available recommendations are solely based on generally small patients' cohorts or case series...
January 2014: Oral Diseases
Sunali Goyal, Punkaj Gupta, Colleen M Ryan, Melanie Kazlas, Natan Noviski, Robert L Sheridan
Toxic epidermal necrolysis is a rare acute inflammatory multisystem life-threatening condition characterized by widespread epidermal necrosis and profound toxic systemic reaction. Implicated etiologic agents in children include drugs, infections, and autoimmune diseases. The pathophysiology includes separation of the epidermis at the dermal-epidermal junction of both skin and extracutaneous epithelium and mucous membranes. The general consensus is that expeditious transfer to a burn center, maintenance of fluid and electrolyte balance, temperature maintenance, control of evaporative losses, avoidance of use of complicating drugs as corticosteroids and topical sulfa compounds, aggressive septic surveillance, vigorous nutritional support via nasoenteric tube, early ophthalmologic consultation, and appropriate wound care with a regimen of therapy relying on basic principles of treatment of partial-thickness epidermal wounds predict better outcome in the treatment of this disease process...
May 2009: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Mary E Margaretten, Beth S Ruben, Kenneth Fye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2008: Arthritis and Rheumatism
P C Ward
The experienced morphologist can be extremely helpful to the clinician by virtue of his or her ability to distinguish among the various subtypes of reactive lymphocytoses. An awareness on the part of the clinician as to the nuances of subclassification may lead to earlier diagnosis of a disease process. Broadly, proliferations of normal lymphocytes point to infectious lymphocytosis or Bordetella pertussis infection. Proliferations of atypical lymphocytes, especially when minimum diagnostic criteria are present or there are four or more Downey III forms per 100 WBCs, suggest infectious mononucleosis...
February 1980: Postgraduate Medicine
A Woscoff, C J Bozzola, M C Trotta
In severe forms of acne (grade IV) there is probably an inmunological alteration consisting of: 1) Alterations in the IgG. 2) They may be produced in small quantity or destroyed more rapidly. 3) Cellular immunity is normal using PHA and diminished with habitual tests. 4) It is necessary to normalize these globulin levels before or during specific medication, with antibiotics or sulfa drugs. 5) Essential aminoacids should be given so as to raise the inmunoglobulins to normal levels. The administration of commercial inmunoglobulins should be avoided, because, for genetic reason, they could produce autoimmunity or isosensibility and diminished the levels one is trying to raise...
1976: Medicina Cutánea Ibero-latino-americana
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