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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536914/inter-comparison-of-remote-sensing-sensing-based-shoreline-mapping-techniques-at-different-coastal-stretches-of-india
#1
Swathy Sunder, Raaj Ramsankaran, Balaji Ramakrishnan
Many techniques are available for detection of shorelines from multispectral satellite imagery, but the choice of a certain technique for a particular study area can be tough. Hence, for the first time in literature, an inter-comparison of the most widely used shoreline mapping techniques such as Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI), Modified NDWI (MNDWI), Improved Band Ratio (IBR) Method, and Automatic Water Extraction Index (AWEI) has been done along four different coastal stretches of India using multitemporal Landsat data...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499746/comparing-access-to-laser-capsulotomy-performed-by-optometrists-and-ophthalmologists-in-oklahoma-by-calculated-driving-distance-and-time
#2
Michael A Mahr, Jay C Erie
PURPOSE: To quantify Medicare beneficiary proximity to his or her yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG) laser capsulotomy-providing ophthalmologist and optometrist in Oklahoma by calculating driving distances and times. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study using 2014 Oklahoma Medicare 100% and 5% data sets and Google Maps distance and travel time application programming interfaces. PARTICIPANTS: U.S. fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries and Oklahoma ophthalmologist and optometrist laser capsulotomy providers...
May 9, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478747/creation-of-a-virtual-antidotes-network-between-pharmacy-departments-of-catalan-hospitals
#3
Raquel Aguilar-Salmerón, Edurne Fernández de Gamarra-Martínez, Milagros García-Peláez, Antoni Broto-Sumalla, Lidia Martínez-Sánchez, Santiago Nogué-Xarau
Objetive: To design a virtual antidote network between hospitals that could help to locate on-line those hospitals that stocked those antidotes with the highest difficulty in terms of availability, and ensured that the medication was loaned in case of necessity. METHODS: The application was developed by four hospital pharmacists and two clinical toxicologists with the support of a Healthcare Informatics Consultant Company. RESULTS: The antidotes network in Catalonia, Spain, was launched in July 2015...
May 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471843/international-institutional-trauma-in-developmental-pediatric-practice
#4
Demetra Pappas, Jason Fogler, Sabrina Sargado, Leah Welchons, Marilyn Augustyn
"Aabis" is a school-aged boy from a predominantly conservative Muslim nation who presented to a tertiary developmental-behavioral pediatric (DBP) clinic to seek "expert opinion" for significant social and learning difficulties in the context of a history of frequent falling and "clumsiness." He was seen by a psychiatrist in his home country, who ordered an electroencephalogram and "brain map" (both normal), and received occupational and physical therapies. Frequent tantrums and intense emotional reactions to minor events-revealed to be related to a history of repeated physical beatings from groups of his "friends"-prompted referral to the DBP clinic...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459763/international-institutional-trauma-in-developmental-pediatric-practice
#5
Demetra Pappas, Jason Fogler, Sabrina Sargado, Leah Welchons, Marilyn Augustyn
"Aabis" is a school-aged boy from a predominantly conservative Muslim nation who presented to a tertiary developmental-behavioral pediatric (DBP) clinic to seek "expert opinion" for significant social and learning difficulties in the context of a history of frequent falling and "clumsiness." He was seen by a psychiatrist in his home country, who ordered an electroencephalogram and "brain map" (both normal), and received occupational and physical therapies. Frequent tantrums and intense emotional reactions to minor events-revealed to be related to a history of repeated physical beatings from groups of his "friends"-prompted referral to the DBP clinic...
May 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459556/pred-skin-a-fast-and-reliable-web-application-to-assess-skin-sensitization-effect-of-chemicals
#6
Rodolpho C Braga, Vinicius M Alves, Eugene N Muratov, Judy Strickland, Nicole Kleinstreuer, Alexander Trospsha, Carolina Horta Andrade
Chemically induced skin sensitization is a complex immunological disease with a profound impact on quality of life and working ability. Despite some progress in developing alternative methods for assessing the skin sensitization potential of chemical substances, there is no in vitro test that correlates well with human data. Computational QSAR models provide a rapid screening approach and contribute valuable information for the assessment of chemical toxicity. We describe the development of a freely accessible web-based and mobile application for the identification of potential skin sensitizers...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434408/secure-internet-of-things-based-cloud-framework-to-control-zika-virus-outbreak
#7
Sanjay Sareen, Sandeep K Sood, Sunil Kumar Gupta
OBJECTIVES: Zika virus (ZikaV) is currently one of the most important emerging viruses in the world which has caused outbreaks and epidemics and has also been associated with severe clinical manifestations and congenital malformations. Traditional approaches to combat the ZikaV outbreak are not effective for detection and control. The aim of this study is to propose a cloud-based system to prevent and control the spread of Zika virus disease using integration of mobile phones and Internet of Things (IoT)...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382224/recutclub-com-an-open-source-whole-slide-image-based-pathology-education-system
#8
Paul A Christensen, Nathan E Lee, Michael J Thrall, Suzanne Z Powell, Patricia Chevez-Barrios, S Wesley Long
BACKGROUND: Our institution's pathology unknown conferences provide educational cases for our residents. However, the cases have not been previously available digitally, have not been collated for postconference review, and were not accessible to a wider audience. Our objective was to create an inexpensive whole slide image (WSI) education suite to address these limitations and improve the education of pathology trainees. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed residents regarding their preference between four unique WSI systems...
2017: Journal of Pathology Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379077/perils-of-using-speed-zone-data-to-assess-real-world-compliance-to-speed-limits
#9
Anna Chevalier, Elizabeth Clarke, Aran John Chevalier, Julie Brown, Kristy Coxon, Rebecca Ivers, Lisa Keay
OBJECTIVE: Real world driving studies, including those involving speeding alert devices and autonomous vehicles, can gauge an individual vehicle's speeding behaviour by comparing measured speed with mapped speed zone data. However, there are complexities with developing and maintaining a database of mapped speed zones over a large geographic area that may lead to inaccuracies within the dataset. When this approach is applied to large-scale real world driving data or speeding alert device data to determine speeding behaviour, these inaccuracies may result in invalid identification of speeding...
April 5, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360246/evidence-on-health-promoting-lifestyle-practices-and-information-and-communication-technologies-scoping-review-protocol
#10
Elizabeth M Joseph-Shehu, Busisiwe P Ncama
INTRODUCTION: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) play a key role in improving health and maintaining health promoting behaviours. ICTs are therefore one potential solution for promoting healthy lifestyles. In addition, they can assist in the reduction and control of the menace of both communicable and non-communicable diseases. This study will map evidence of interventions that demonstrate the effect of ICTs on health-promoting lifestyle practices that can prevent and control diseases...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358685/robust-and-efficient-depth-reconstruction-with-hierarchical-confidence-based-matching
#11
Li Sun, Ke Chen, Mingli Song, Dacheng Tao, Gang Chen, Chun Chen
In recent years, taking photos and capturing videos with mobile devices has become increasingly popular. Emerging applications based on the depth reconstruction technique have been developed, such as Google lens blur. However, depth reconstruction is difficult due to occlusions, non-diffuse surfaces, repetitive patterns and textureless surfaces, and it has become more difficult due to the unstable image quality and uncontrolled scene condition in the mobile setting. In this paper, we present a novel hierarchical framework with multi-view confidence-based matching for robust, efficient depth reconstruction in uncontrolled scenes...
March 24, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356438/googling-service-boundaries-for-endovascular-clot-retrieval-hub-hospitals-in-a-metropolitan-setting-proof-of-concept-study
#12
Thanh G Phan, Richard Beare, Jian Chen, Benjamin Clissold, John Ly, Shaloo Singhal, Henry Ma, Velandai Srikanth
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is great interest in how endovascular clot retrieval hubs provide services to a population. We applied a computational method to objectively generate service boundaries for such endovascular clot retrieval hubs, defined by traveling time to hub. METHODS: Stroke incidence data merged with population census to estimate numbers of stroke in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. Traveling time from randomly generated addresses to 4 endovascular clot retrieval-capable hubs (Royal Melbourne Hospital [RMH], Monash Medical Center [MMC], Alfred Hospital [ALF], and Austin Hospital [AUS]) estimated using Google Map application program interface...
March 29, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348833/microreact-visualizing-and-sharing-data-for-genomic-epidemiology-and-phylogeography
#13
Silvia Argimón, Khalil Abudahab, Richard J E Goater, Artemij Fedosejev, Jyothish Bhai, Corinna Glasner, Edward J Feil, Matthew T G Holden, Corin A Yeats, Hajo Grundmann, Brian G Spratt, David M Aanensen
Visualization is frequently used to aid our interpretation of complex datasets. Within microbial genomics, visualizing the relationships between multiple genomes as a tree provides a framework onto which associated data (geographical, temporal, phenotypic and epidemiological) are added to generate hypotheses and to explore the dynamics of the system under investigation. Selected static images are then used within publications to highlight the key findings to a wider audience. However, these images are a very inadequate way of exploring and interpreting the richness of the data...
November 2016: Microbial Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346130/defining-health-information-exchange-scoping-review-of-published-definitions
#14
Ather Akhlaq, Aziz Sheikh, Claudia Pagliari
OBJECTIVE: The term Health Information Exchange (HIE) is often used in health informatics, yet uncertainties remain about its precise meaning. This study aimed to capture and analyse existing definitions in order to map variations in its use and the concepts associated with it. METHODS: Systematic literature search to identify published definitions of HIE and equivalent terms such as Clinical Information Exchange. Medline, Web of Science, Library Information Science and Technology Abstracts, EMBASE and CINAHL Plus were searched to identify relevant research, and Google to identify grey literature...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335766/barriers-to-the-conduct-and-application-of-research-in-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Yasamin Veziari, Matthew J Leach, Saravana Kumar
BACKGROUND: The popularity of Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has grown considerably over the past few decades. This has been accompanied by increasing public pressure for CAM to be evidence-based. Notwithstanding, the conduct and application of research in CAM faces a number of obstacles. No systematic review has mapped these barriers to date. Therefore, this systematic literature review aimed to explore, identify and map the barriers to the conduct and application of research in CAM...
March 23, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322456/seasonality-of-auricular-amputations-in-rabbits
#16
Kathleen Yaremchuk, Vigen Darian, Amy M Williams
This retrospective observational analysis hypothesizes that an increase occurs in online reports and images of auricular amputations of confectionary rabbits during the spring. Using the online search engine Google, online content and visual portrayals of confectionary rabbit auricular amputations from 2012 to 2017 were identified and trended against seasonal variations. To determine incidence, commercial availability of chocolate rabbits in retail facilities were assayed. A statistically significant increase in mention of rabbit auricular amputations occurred during the spring...
April 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259575/google-maps-offers-a-new-way-to-evaluate-claudication
#17
Husain Khambati, Kim Boles, Prasad Jetty
BACKGROUND: Accurate determination of walking capacity is important for the clinical diagnosis and management plan for patients with peripheral arterial disease. The current "gold standard" of measurement is walking distance on a treadmill. However, treadmill testing is not always reflective of the patient's natural walking conditions, and it may not be fully accessible in every vascular clinic. The objective of this study was to determine whether Google Maps, the readily available GPS-based mapping tool, offers an accurate and accessible method of evaluating walking distances in vascular claudication patients...
May 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195030/extra-terra-incognita-martian-maps-in-the-digital-age
#18
Lisa Messeri
Science and technology studies (STS) and critical cartography are both asking questions about the ontological fixity of maps and other scientific objects. This paper examines how a group of NASA computer scientists who call themselves The Mapmakers conceptualizes and creates maps in service of different commitments. The maps under construction are those of alien Mars, produced through partnerships that NASA has established with Google and Microsoft. With the goal of bringing an experience of Mars to as many people as possible, these maps influence how we imagine our neighbouring planet...
February 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178850/the-threshold-distance-associated-with-walking-from-home-to-school
#19
Carlos Rodríguez-López, Zeus M Salas-Fariña, Emilio Villa-González, Milkana Borges-Cosic, Manuel Herrador-Colmenero, Jesús Medina-Casaubón, Francisco B Ortega, Palma Chillón
Active commuting to school has health implications among young people. We aimed to (a) examine the patterns of commuting to school in children and adolescents regarding gender and area of residence, (b) study the association between distance from home to school and mode of commuting, and (c) identify the threshold distance below which young people are more likely to walk to school. A total of 6,004 students aged 7 to 18 years from Spain participated in this study. Mode of commuting was self-reported and distance was objectively measured using Google Maps software...
February 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163918/health-system-performance-assessment-landscape-at-the-eu-level-a-structured-synthesis-of-actors-and-actions
#20
Nataša Perić, Maria M Hofmarcher-Holzhacker, Judit Simon
BACKGROUND: Many policy makers and other stakeholders in the EU have expressed interest in better understanding the performance of their own health systems to identify opportunities for improvement in effectiveness, efficiency and equity. Health system performance assessment (HSPA) has received considerable attention at EU level as an instrument to improve transparency and accountability. This is equally important for population health and sustainable health spending. The goal of this paper is to synthesise and map the current state and developments in the field of HSPA relevant in the EU context and by this aid the navigation in the growing HSPA system, understand the available tools and identify opportunities for improvement...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
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