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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044895/surveying-all-public-drinking-water-fountains-in-a-city-outdoor-field-observations-and-google-street-view
#1
Nick Wilson, Louise Signal, George Thomson
OBJECTIVE: Drinking fountains are a public amenity that may help counter the obesogenic environment (sugary beverages) and reduce the risk of heat stroke during heat waves. As a case study, we aimed to survey all public fountains in a city: Wellington, New Zealand, and to determine the utility of Google Street View in studying drinking fountains. METHODS: Using a sample of all public drinking fountains in a City Council map, a field observer assessed their exact location and tap functionality, and photographed them...
October 18, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035317/systematic-review-land-cover-meteorological-and-socioeconomic-determinants-of-aedes-mosquito-habitat-for-risk-mapping
#2
REVIEW
Mohamed F Sallam, Chelsea Fizer, Andrew N Pilant, Pai-Yei Whung
Asian tiger and yellow fever mosquitoes (Aedes albopictus and Ae. aegypti) are global nuisances and are competent vectors for viruses such as Chikungunya (CHIKV), Dengue (DV), and Zika (ZIKV). This review aims to analyze available spatiotemporal distribution models of Aedes mosquitoes and their influential factors. A combination of five sets of 3-5 keywords were used to retrieve all relevant published models. Five electronic search databases were used: PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, and Google Scholar through 17 May 2017...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989890/systematic-review-on-vitamin-d-level-in-apparently-healthy-indian-population-and-analysis-of-its-associated-factors
#3
REVIEW
Sandhiya Selvarajan, Vikneswaran Gunaseelan, Nishanthi Anandabaskar, Alphienes Stanley Xavier, Sureshkumar Srinivasamurthy, Sadish Kumar Kamalanathan, Jaya Prakash Sahoo
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D which is involved in the maintenance of bone mineral homeostasis has been found to portray various pleiotropic effects. Although it has been widely accepted that serum 25-hydroxy Vitamin D level above 30 ng/ml is considered optimal for the biological actions of Vitamin D, there is a need to explore the levels of Vitamin D reported among Indians from various regions of the country. Hence, this systematic review aims to appraise the status of Vitamin D levels reported from apparently healthy Indians across various parts of India...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972450/the-emerging-landscape-of-reimbursement-of-regenerative-medicine-products-in-the-uk-publications-policies-and-politics
#4
Aurélie Mahalatchimy, Alex Faulkner
AIM: This paper aims to map the trends and analyze key institutional dynamics that constitute the policies for reimbursement of regenerative medicine (RM), especially in the UK. MATERIALS & METHODS: Two quantitative publications studies using Google Scholar and a qualitative study based on a larger study of 43 semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: Reimbursement has been a growing topic of publications specific to RM and independent from orphan drugs...
September 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964270/silva-tree-viewer-interactive-web-browsing-of-the-silva-phylogenetic-guide-trees
#5
Alan Beccati, Jan Gerken, Christian Quast, Pelin Yilmaz, Frank Oliver Glöckner
BACKGROUND: Phylogenetic trees are an important tool to study the evolutionary relationships among organisms. The huge amount of available taxa poses difficulties in their interactive visualization. This hampers the interaction with the users to provide feedback for the further improvement of the taxonomic framework. RESULTS: The SILVA Tree Viewer is a web application designed for visualizing large phylogenetic trees without requiring the download of any software tool or data files...
September 30, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953943/mapping-land-cover-change-over-continental-africa-using-landsat-and-google-earth-engine-cloud-computing
#6
Alemayehu Midekisa, Felix Holl, David J Savory, Ricardo Andrade-Pacheco, Peter W Gething, Adam Bennett, Hugh J W Sturrock
Quantifying and monitoring the spatial and temporal dynamics of the global land cover is critical for better understanding many of the Earth's land surface processes. However, the lack of regularly updated, continental-scale, and high spatial resolution (30 m) land cover data limit our ability to better understand the spatial extent and the temporal dynamics of land surface changes. Despite the free availability of high spatial resolution Landsat satellite data, continental-scale land cover mapping using high resolution Landsat satellite data was not feasible until now due to the need for high-performance computing to store, process, and analyze this large volume of high resolution satellite data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927428/current-status-of-insecticide-resistance-among-malaria-vectors-in-kenya
#7
Benyl M Ondeto, Christopher Nyundo, Luna Kamau, Simon M Muriu, Joseph M Mwangangi, Kiambo Njagi, Evan M Mathenge, Horace Ochanda, Charles M Mbogo
BACKGROUND: Insecticide resistance has emerged as one of the major challenges facing National Malaria Control Programmes in Africa. A well-coordinated national database on insecticide resistance (IRBase) can facilitate the development of effective strategies for managing insecticide resistance and sustaining the effectiveness of chemical-based vector control measures. The aim of this study was to assemble a database on the current status of insecticide resistance among malaria vectors in Kenya...
September 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914391/sedimentation-and-erosion-in-lake-diefenbaker-canada-solutions-for-shoreline-retreat-monitoring
#8
Amir Sadeghian, Dirk de Boer, Karl-Erich Lindenschmidt
This study looks into sedimentation and erosion rates in Lake Diefenbaker, a prairie reservoir, in Saskatchewan, Canada, which has been in operation since 1968. First, we looked at the historical data in all different formats over the last 70 years, which includes data from more than 20 years before the formation of the lake. The field observations indicate high rates of shoreline erosion, especially in the upstream portion as a potential region for shoreline retreat. Because of the great importance of this waterbody to the province, monitoring sedimentation and erosion rates is necessary for maintaining the quality of water especially after severe floods which are more common due to climate change effects...
September 15, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864704/-it-is-merely-a-paper-tiger-battle-for-increased-tobacco-advertising-regulation-in-indonesia-content-analysis-of-news-articles
#9
Putu Ayu Swandewi Astuti, Becky Freeman
OBJECTIVE: At the end of 2012, the Indonesian government enacted tobacco control regulation (PP 109/2012) that included stricter tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship (TAPS) controls. The PP did not ban all forms of TAPS and generated a great deal of media interest from both supporters and detractors. This study aims to analyse stakeholder arguments regarding the adoption and implementation of the regulation as presented through news media converge. DESIGN: Content analysis of 213 news articles reporting on TAPS and the PP that were available from the Factiva database and the Google News search engine...
September 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827885/use-of-google-maps-to-target-public-awareness-a-pilot-retrospective-study-at-tertiary-hospital
#10
Shreemit Maheshwari, M Kishor, Suhas Chandran, Rajesh Raman, T S Sathyanarayana Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789923/geographical-accessibility-to-community-pharmacies-by-the-elderly-in-metropolitan-lisbon
#11
Miguel Padeiro
BACKGROUND: In ageing societies, community pharmacies play an important role in delivering medicines, responsible advising, and other targeted services. Elderly people are among their main consumers, as they use more prescription drugs, need more specific health care, and experience more mobility issues than other age groups. This makes geographical accessibility a relevant concern for them. OBJECTIVES: To measure geographical pedestrian accessibility to community pharmacies by elderly people in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area (LMA)...
August 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767730/community-context-and-sub-neighborhood-scale-detail-to-explain-dengue-chikungunya-and-zika-patterns-in-cali-colombia
#12
Amy R Krystosik, Andrew Curtis, Paola Buritica, Jayakrishnan Ajayakumar, Robert Squires, Diana Dávalos, Robinson Pacheco, Madhav P Bhatta, Mark A James
BACKGROUND: Cali, Colombia has experienced chikungunya and Zika outbreaks and hypoendemic dengue. Studies have explained Cali's dengue patterns but lack the sub-neighborhood-scale detail investigated here. METHODS: Spatial-video geonarratives (SVG) with Ministry of Health officials and Community Health Workers were collected in hotspots, providing perspective on perceptions of why dengue, chikungunya and Zika hotspots exist, impediments to control, and social outcomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749317/understanding-the-use-of-geographical-information-systems-gis-in-health-informatics-research-a-review
#13
Nicola Shaw, Suzanne McGuire
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this literature review is to understand geographical information systems (GIS) and how they can be applied to public health informatics, medical informatics, and epidemiology. METHOD: Relevant papers that reflected the use of geographical information systems (GIS) in health research were identified from four academic databases: Academic Search Complete, BioMed Central, PubMed Central, and Scholars Portal, as well as Google Scholar. The search strategy used was to identify articles with "geographic information systems", "GIS", "public health", "medical informatics", "epidemiology", and "health geography" as main subject headings or text words in titles and abstracts...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748428/land-use-and-land-cover-lulc-of-the-republic-of-the-maldives-first-national-map-and-lulc-change-analysis-using-remote-sensing-data
#14
Luca Fallati, Alessandra Savini, Simone Sterlacchini, Paolo Galli
The Maldives islands in recent decades have experienced dramatic land-use change. Uninhabited islands were turned into new resort islands; evergreen tropical forests were cut, to be replaced by fields and new built-up areas. All these changes happened without a proper monitoring and urban planning strategy from the Maldivian government due to the lack of national land-use and land-cover (LULC) data. This study aimed to realize the first land-use map of the entire Maldives archipelago and to detect land-use and land-cover change (LULCC) using high-resolution satellite images and socioeconomic data...
August 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722536/travel-burden-associated-with-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-administration-in-a-medicare-aged-population-a-geospatial-analysis
#15
J Mark Stephens, Mark Bensink, Charles Bowers, Christopher S Hollenbeak
OBJECTIVE: Prophylaxis with granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (G-CSFs) is recommended for patients receiving myelosuppressive chemotherapy regimens with a high risk of febrile neutropenia (FN). G-CSFs should be administered starting the day after chemotherapy, necessitating return trips to the oncology clinic at the end of each cycle. We examined the travel burden related to prophylactic G-CSF injections after chemotherapy in the United States (US). METHODS: We used 2012-2014 Medicare claims data to identify a national cohort of beneficiaries age 65+ with non-myeloid cancers who received both chemotherapy and prophylactic G-CSFs...
July 19, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684524/citywide-effects-of-high-occupancy-vehicle-restrictions-evidence-from-three-in-one-in-jakarta
#16
Rema Hanna, Gabriel Kreindler, Benjamin A Olken
Widespread use of single-occupancy cars often leads to traffic congestion. Using anonymized traffic speed data from Android phones collected through Google Maps, we investigated whether high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) policies can combat congestion. We studied Jakarta's "three-in-one" policy, which required all private cars on two major roads to carry at least three passengers during peak hours. After the policy was abruptly abandoned in April 2016, delays rose from 2.1 to 3.1 minutes per kilometer (min/km) in the morning peak and from 2...
July 7, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646857/overview-of-post-discharge-predictors-for-psychiatric-re-hospitalisations-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
R Sfetcu, S Musat, P Haaramo, M Ciutan, G Scintee, C Vladescu, K Wahlbeck, H Katschnig
BACKGROUND: High levels of hospital readmission (rehospitalisation rates) is widely used as indicator of a poor quality of care. This is sometimes also referred to as recidivism or heavy utilization. Previous studies have examined a number of factors likely to influence readmission, although a systematic review of research on post-discharge factors and readmissions has not been conducted so far. The main objective of this review was to identify frequently reported post-discharge factors and their effects on readmission rates...
June 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628586/building-a-pediatric-oral-health-training-curriculum-for-community-health-workers
#18
Molly Martin, William Frese, Christie Lumsden, Anna Sandoval
OBJECTIVES: Community health workers (CHWs) are a promising approach to oral health promotion in high-risk populations. This article describes the process of creating a pediatric oral health CHW training curriculum. DESIGN: Existing curricula were identified through outreach efforts to experts in the oral health and CHW fields, as well as PubMed and Google searches. After coding basic information, curricula were mapped to define oral health domains. Then group discussion was employed to determine final curriculum contents...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626426/potential-of-central-eastern-and-western-africa-medicinal-plants-for-cancer-therapy-spotlight-on-resistant-cells-and-molecular-targets
#19
REVIEW
Armelle T Mbaveng, Victor Kuete, Thomas Efferth
Cancer remains a major health hurdle worldwide and has moved from the third leading cause of death in the year 1990 to second place after cardiovascular disease since 2013. Chemotherapy is one of the most widely used treatment modes; however, its efficiency is limited due to the resistance of cancer cells to cytotoxic agents. The present overview deals with the potential of the flora of Central, Eastern and Western African (CEWA) regions as resource for anticancer drug discovery. It also reviews the molecular targets of phytochemicals of these plants such as ABC transporters, namely P-glycoprotein (P-gp), multi drug-resistance-related proteins (MRPs), breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP, ABCG2) as well as the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR/ErbB-1/HER1), human tumor suppressor protein p53, caspases, mitochondria, angiogenesis, and components of MAP kinase signaling pathways...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608393/the-impact-of-the-use-of-intraoperative-radiotherapy-on-costs-travel-time-and-distance-for-women-with-breast-cancer-in-the-mexico-city-metropolitan-area
#20
Juan Enrique Bargallo-Rocha, Enrique Soto-Perez-de-Celis, Francisco Javier Picó-Guzmán, Carlos Eduardo Quintero-Rodríguez, David Almog, Gabriel Santiago-Concha, Christian Haydee Flores-Balcazar, Jaime Corona, Rafael Vazquez-Romo, Cynthia Villarreal-Garza, Alejandro Mohar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The low availability and poor access to external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) in developing countries makes it hard for women with breast cancer to receive breast conservation. We studied the effect of providing intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) on the travel time, distance, and costs of in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA). METHODS: Sixty-nine patients treated between January 2013 and September 2014 were analyzed. Travel distance and transit time was calculated using Google Maps...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
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