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Dean Elhag, Franklin Dexter, Mohamed Elhakim, Richard H Epstein
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's State Ambulatory Surgery Database includes procedures performed at hospital outpatient surgery departments. We hypothesized that, among US hospitals with an anesthesia department and freestanding outpatient surgical center, the prevalence on hospital campuses (i.e., within 250 yards of the main hospital building) would be sufficiently large (e.g., >10%) to influence interpretation of observational studies performed with US national ambulatory surgery datasets...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Onyumbe Enumbe B Lukongo, Thomas W Miller
The data presented in this study were obtained from a novel approach to estimate a comprehensive loan acquisition cost. The latter includes commute costs and wage losses in addition to the monthly installment payments. These cost estimates represent the monetary value (in U.S. dollars) of the costs of driving to and from the installment lender storefront and that of the potential hourly wage losses, that is, wage loss from the driving time and the time spent at the loan office filling out the required paperwork to obtain the loan...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Kai-Qing Lu, Gan Xie, Min Li, Jin-Feng Li, Anjali Trivedi, David K Ferguson, Yi-Feng Yao, Yu-Fei Wang
The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled "Pollen spectrum, a cornerstone for tracing the evolution of the eastern central Asian desert" (JQSR 5260) (Lu et al., 2018) [1] In this paper, we supply a dataset, which provides a descriptive and general summary of pollen characteristic of desert dominant species in the eastern arid central Asia (ACA). The other important component is the illustration on pollen grains traits under light microscopy (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Nucharapon Liangruenrom, Kanyapat Suttikasem, Melinda Craike, Jason A Bennie, Stuart J H Biddle, Zeljko Pedisic
BACKGROUND: The number of deaths per year attributed to non-communicable diseases is increasing in low- and middle-income countries, including Thailand. To facilitate the development of evidence-based public health programs and policies in Thailand, research on physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) is needed. The aims of this scoping review were to: (i) map all available evidence on PA and SB in Thailand; (ii) identify research gaps; and (iii) suggest directions for future research...
June 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
Éric Maillet, Guy Paré, Leanne M Currie, Louis Raymond, Ana Ortiz de Guinea, Marie-Claude Trudel, Josianne Marsan
INTRODUCTION: Laboratory testing in primary care is a fundamental process that supports patient management and care. Any breakdown in the process may alter clinical information gathering and decision-making activities and can lead to medical errors and potential adverse outcomes for patients. Various information technologies are being used in primary care with the goal to support the process, maximize patient benefits and reduce medical errors. However, the overall impact of health information technologies on laboratory testing processes has not been evaluated...
August 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Geovanna Cristine de Souza Silva, Laura-Maria Peltonen, Lisiane Pruinelli, Henrique Yoshikazu Shishido, Gabrielle Jacklin Eler
Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes are responsible for the transmission of diseases such as dengue fever, yellow fever, chikungunya fever, zika virus fever, some of which can cause irreversible central nervous system problems and death. This study investigates what technologies are being used for combatting and monitoring the Aedes mosquitoes and to propose joining these technologies into a single and complete solution using the Smart Cities concept. A search for newscasts on Google and mobile apps in app stores were performed to identify technological solutions for combat to Aedes mosquitoes...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Shawn A Milley, Iris Koch, Patricia Fortin, Jeremy Archer, David Reynolds, Kela P Weber
Assessing the extent to which emerging contaminants (ECs) such as perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have been released into the environment is one of the foundations for developing effective management and remediation strategies for impacted sites. PFAS are known to have caused the contamination of soil, groundwater, and surface water as a result of aqueous film forming foam (AFFF) being accidentally or intentionally released into the environment. To date, the scope of the issue has not been evaluated in Canada...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Katherine A Kelley, J Isaac Young, Solange Bassale, Daniel O Herzig, Robert G Martindale, Brett C Sheppard, Kim C Lu, V Liana Tsikitis
BACKGROUND: Many colorectal cancer patients receive complex surgical care remotely. We hypothesized that their readmission rates would be adversely affected after accounting for differences in travel distance from primary/index hospital and correlate with mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 48,481 colorectal cancer patients in the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER)-Medicare database. Travel distance was calculated, using Google Maps, and SAS...
July 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Bruno Gonçalves, Lucía Loureiro-Porto, José J Ramasco, David Sánchez
As global political preeminence gradually shifted from the United Kingdom to the United States, so did the capacity to culturally influence the rest of the world. In this work, we analyze how the world-wide varieties of written English are evolving. We study both the spatial and temporal variations of vocabulary and spelling of English using a large corpus of geolocated tweets and the Google Books datasets corresponding to books published in the US and the UK. The advantage of our approach is that we can address both standard written language (Google Books) and the more colloquial forms of microblogging messages (Twitter)...
2018: PloS One
Niillas Blind, Karin Strigård, Ulf Gunnarsson, Fredrik Brännström
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to see if the distance to a hospital performing colon cancer surgery is a risk factor for emergency surgical intervention and to determine the variability between defined but demographically divergent catchment areas. METHODS: Data on patients living in Västerbotten County who underwent colon cancer surgery between 2007 and 2010 were extracted from the Swedish Colorectal Cancer Register (SCRCR). Of the 436 registrations matching these criteria, 380 patients were used in the analysis, and their distance to the nearest hospital providing care for colorectal cancer (CRC) was estimated using Google Maps™...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Jules R Dugré, Alexandre Dumais, Nathalie Bitar, Stéphane Potvin
Background: Reward seeking and avoidance of punishment are key motivational processes. Brain-imaging studies often use the Monetary Incentive Delay Task (MIDT) to evaluate motivational processes involved in maladaptive behavior. Although the bulk of research has been done on the MIDT reward events, little is known about the neural basis of avoidance of punishment. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis of brain activations during anticipation and receipt of monetary losses in healthy controls...
2018: PeerJ
Stacey E Alexeeff, Ananya Roy, Jun Shan, Xi Liu, Kyle Messier, Joshua S Apte, Christopher Portier, Stephen Sidney, Stephen K Van Den Eeden
BACKGROUND: Some studies have linked long-term exposure to traffic related air pollutants (TRAP) with adverse cardiovascular health outcomes; however, previous studies have not linked highly variable concentrations of TRAP measured at street-level within neighborhoods to cardiovascular health outcomes. METHODS: Long-term pollutant concentrations for nitrogen dioxide [NO2 ], nitric oxide [NO], and black carbon [BC] were obtained by street-level mobile monitoring on 30 m road segments and linked to residential addresses of 41,869 adults living in Oakland during 2010 to 2015...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Kwabena Asubonteng, Karin Pfeffer, Mirjam Ros-Tonen, Jan Verbesselt, Isa Baud
Tree crops such as cocoa and oil palm are important to smallholders' livelihoods and national economies of tropical producer countries. Governments seek to expand tree-crop acreages and improve yields. Existing literature has analyzed socioeconomic and environmental effects of tree-crop expansion, but its spatial effects on the landscape are yet to be explored. This study aims to assess the effects of tree-crop farming on the composition and the extent of land-cover transitions in a mixed cocoa/oil palm landscape in Ghana...
May 11, 2018: Environmental Management
Shalin Savalia, Vahid Emamian
The electrocardiogram (ECG) plays an imperative role in the medical field, as it records heart signal over time and is used to discover numerous cardiovascular diseases. If a documented ECG signal has a certain irregularity in its predefined features, this is called arrhythmia, the types of which include tachycardia, bradycardia, supraventricular arrhythmias, and ventricular, etc. This has encouraged us to do research that consists of distinguishing between several arrhythmias by using deep neural network algorithms such as multi-layer perceptron (MLP) and convolution neural network (CNN)...
May 4, 2018: Bioengineering
L Cristobal Monraz Gomez, Maria Kondratova, Jean-Marie Ravel, Emmanuel Barillot, Andrei Zinovyev, Inna Kuperstein
Cancer initiation and progression are associated with multiple molecular mechanisms. The knowledge of these mechanisms is expanding and should be converted into guidelines for tackling the disease. Here, we discuss the formalization of biological knowledge into a comprehensive resource: the Atlas of Cancer Signalling Network (ACSN) and the Google Maps-based tool NaviCell, which supports map navigation. The application of ACSN for omics data visualization, in the context of signalling maps, is possible via the NaviCell Web Service module and through the NaviCom tool...
May 3, 2018: Briefings in Bioinformatics
Lorraine Walker, Merylin Cross, Tony Barnett
INTRODUCTION: Interprofessional collaboration and effective teamwork are core to optimising rural health outcomes; however, little is known about the opportunities available for interprofessional education (IPE) in rural clinical learning environments. This integrative literature review addresses this deficit by identifying, analysing and synthesising the research available about the nature of and potential for IPE provided to undergraduate students undertaking rural placements, the settings and disciplines involved and the outcomes achieved...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
Chester Kalinda, Moses J Chimbari, Samson Mukaratirwa
BACKGROUND: The speedy rate of change in the environmental and socio-economics factors may increase the incidence, prevalence and risk of schistosomiasis infections in Zambia. However, available information does not provide a comprehensive understanding of the biogeography and distribution of the disease, ecology and population dynamics of intermediate host snails. The current study used an information-theoretical approach to understand the biogeography and prevalence schistosomiasis and identified knowledge gaps that would be useful to improve policy towards surveillance and eradication of intermediate hosts snails in Zambia...
April 30, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Mark R O'Donovan, Christian Gapp, Claudia Stein
Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) have produced numerous global burden of disease (GBD) estimates since the 1990s, using disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). Here we attempt to identify studies that have either independent DALY estimates or build on the work of WHO and IHME, for the WHO European Region, categorize them by scope of disease analysis and geographic coverage, and briefly compare their methodology (age weighting, discounting and disability weights)...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Yiqing Zhao, Nooshin J Fesharaki, Xiaohui Li, Timothy B Patrick, Jake Luo
Most current image retrieval methods require constructing semantic metadata for representing image content. To manually create semantic metadata for medical images is time-consuming, yet it is a crucial component for query expansion. We proposed a new method for searching medical image notes that uses semantic metadata to improve query expansion and leverages a knowledge model developed specifically for the medical image domain to create relevant metadata. We used a syntactic parser and the Unified Medical Language System to analyze the corpus and store text information as semantic metadata in a knowledge model...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Maria Kondratova, Nicolas Sompairac, Emmanuel Barillot, Andrei Zinovyev, Inna Kuperstein
Generation and usage of high-quality molecular signalling network maps can be augmented by standardizing notations, establishing curation workflows and application of computational biology methods to exploit the knowledge contained in the maps. In this manuscript, we summarize the major aims and challenges of assembling information in the form of comprehensive maps of molecular interactions. Mainly, we share our experience gained while creating the Atlas of Cancer Signalling Network. In the step-by-step procedure, we describe the map construction process and suggest solutions for map complexity management by introducing a hierarchical modular map structure...
January 1, 2018: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
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