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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223936/-relationship-between-crowding-and-community-acquired-skin-and-soft-tissues-infections
#1
Marcelo A Beltrán, Horacio J García Del Corro, Mónica Couso, María D Gallo, Antonio Lettieri, Patricia V Barna
The association of the spread of community infections with poverty and overcrowding is well known. In our hospital, located in José C. Paz, we assist sporadic cases of post-cesarean infections caused by community acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CaMRSA). In a prospective study of families treated at our hospital, we investigated the relationship between a history of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) and extreme overcrowding defined as households with unsatisfied basic needs type 3 (NBI 3)...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220396/improved-approach-for-electric-vehicle-rapid-charging-station-placement-and-sizing-using-google-maps-and-binary-lightning-search-algorithm
#2
Md Mainul Islam, Hussain Shareef, Azah Mohamed
The electric vehicle (EV) is considered a premium solution to global warming and various types of pollution. Nonetheless, a key concern is the recharging of EV batteries. Therefore, this study proposes a novel approach that considers the costs of transportation loss, buildup, and substation energy loss and that incorporates harmonic power loss into optimal rapid charging station (RCS) planning. A novel optimization technique, called binary lightning search algorithm (BLSA), is proposed to solve the optimization problem...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211150/-use-of-google-maps-for-geocoding-data-from-the-mortality-information-system-in-rio-de-janeiro-municipality-brazil-2010-2012
#3
Ismael Henrique da Silveira, Beatriz Fátima Alves de Oliveira, Washington Leite Junger
OBJECTIVE: to describe the results of the application of a low cost procedure, using free software, for geocoding data from the Mortality Information System (SIM), in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. METHODS: descriptive study using Google Maps database for geocoding deaths data recorded at SIM, occurred from 2010 to 2012, in Rio de Janeiro; the study was carried out in three stages, (i) standardization of addresses, (ii) geocoding by Google Maps, and (iii) manual intervention...
October 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202866/tracheostomy-decannulation-methods-and-procedures-in-adults-a-systematic-scoping-review-protocol
#4
John Kutsukutsa, Tivani Phosa Mashamba-Thompson, Yougan Saman
BACKGROUND: The indications for and the number of tracheostomy procedures has increased with advances in critical care. Studies are indicating likely continued increase in number of tracheostomies. Despite the important benefits of a tracheostomy, its presence is associated with adverse health complications and lowered patient quality of life. Hence, it must be decannulated as soon as it is no longer indicated in a safe and effective manner. There is, however, no agreed universal standard of care for tracheostomy decannulation (TD) in adults...
December 4, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186329/aselux-an-ultra-fast-and-accurate-allelic-reads-counter
#5
Zong Miao, Marcus Alvarez, Päivi Pajukanta, Arthur Ko
Motivation: Mapping bias causes preferential alignment to the reference allele, forming a major obstacle in allele-specific expression (ASE) analysis. The existing methods, such as simulation and SNP-aware alignment, are either inaccurate or relatively slow. To fast and accurately count allelic reads for ASE analysis, we developed a novel approach, ASElux, which utilizes the personal SNP information and counts allelic reads directly from unmapped RNA-sequence (RNA-seq) data. ASElux significantly reduces runtime by disregarding reads outside single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) during the alignment...
November 23, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161974/the-oncology-family-app-providing-information-and-support-for-families-caring-for-their-child-with-cancer
#6
Penelope J Slater, Philippa E Fielden, Natalie K Bradford
The Oncology Family App supports families across the vast state of Queensland, Australia, with easy access to vital information, including management plans for a deteriorating child, patient specific information and other resources. This article describes the development and evaluation of this mobile app. The app was developed and tested in collaboration with parents, caregivers, and clinicians and released in November 2015. This first version featured "Statewide Hospital Contacts," including phone numbers, links to Google maps, and 24-hour emergency contacts with click to call functionality; "When to Call" describing symptoms to look out for in a deteriorating child; "Blood Results Table"; and "Information" listing recommended websites, health care team contacts, appointments, and notes...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152921/proximity-to-pediatric-cardiac-surgical-care-among-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-defects-in-11-new-york-counties
#7
Kristin M Sommerhalter, Tabassum Z Insaf, Tugba Akkaya-Hocagil, Claire E McGarry, Sherry L Farr, Karrie F Downing, George K Lui, Ali N Zaidi, Alissa R Van Zutphen
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with congenital heart defects (CHDs) discontinue cardiac care in adolescence, putting them at risk of adverse health outcomes. Because geographic barriers may contribute to cessation of care, we sought to characterize geographic access to comprehensive cardiac care among adolescents with CHDs. METHODS: Using a population-based, 11-county surveillance system of CHDs in New York, we characterized proximity to the nearest pediatric cardiac surgical care center among adolescents aged 11 to 19 years with CHDs...
November 1, 2017: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149907/mapping-evidence-on-the-distribution-of-human-papillomavirus-related-cancers-in-sub-saharan-africa-scoping-review-protocol
#8
Bridget K M Lekoane, Tivani P Mashamba-Thompson, Themba G Ginindza
BACKGROUND: Despite the introduction of HPV vaccines, the incidence of HPV-related cancers (cervical, penile, anal, vulvar, vagina, head, and neck) in sub-Saharan Africa has been rising. The increasing incidence of these HPV-related cancers has been attributed to changes in lifestyle-related risk factors, most notably sexual behavior. The main objective of this study is to map evidence on the distribution of HIV-related cancers in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a scoping review to explore, describe, and map literature on the distribution of HPV-related cancers in sub-Saharan Africa...
November 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133282/effectiveness-of-a-web-2-0-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-in-real-world-settings-randomized-ecological-trial
#9
Corneel Vandelanotte, Gregory S Kolt, Cristina M Caperchione, Trevor N Savage, Richard R Rosenkranz, Anthony J Maeder, Anetta Van Itallie, Rhys Tague, Christopher Oldmeadow, W Kerry Mummery, Mitch J Duncan
BACKGROUND: The translation of Web-based physical activity intervention research into the real world is lacking and becoming increasingly important. OBJECTIVE: To compare usage and effectiveness, in real-world settings, of a traditional Web 1.0 Web-based physical activity intervention, providing limited interactivity, to a Web 2.0 Web-based physical activity intervention that includes interactive features, such as social networking (ie, status updates, online "friends," and personalized profile pages), blogs, and Google Maps mash-ups...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104439/red-an-r-package-to-facilitate-species-red-list-assessments-according-to-the-iucn-criteria
#10
Pedro Cardoso
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature Red List is the most useful database of species that are at risk of extinction worldwide, as it relies on a number of objective criteria and is now widely adopted. The R package red - IUCN Redlisting Tools - performs a number of spatial analyses based on either observed occurrences or estimated ranges. Functions include calculating Extent of Occurrence (EOO), Area of Occupancy (AOO), mapping species ranges, species distribution modelling using climate and land cover and calculating the Red List Index for groups of species...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102993/evidence-of-accessibility-and-utility-of-point-of-care-diagnostics-as-an-integral-part-of-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-services-systematic-scoping-review-protocol
#11
Juliet Katoba, Lydia Hangulu, Tivani Phosa Mashamba-Thompson
INTRODUCTION: Point-of-care (POC) testing has been shown to help improve healthcare access in resource-limited settings. However, there is paucity of evidence on accessibility of POC testing for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) in resource-limited settings. We propose to conduct a systematic scoping review to map the evidence on POC testing services for PMTCT. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A scoping review framework, proposed by Arksey and O'Malley, will guide the study...
November 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092953/tumormap-exploring-the-molecular-similarities-of-cancer-samples-in-an-interactive-portal
#12
Yulia Newton, Adam M Novak, Teresa Swatloski, Duncan C McColl, Sahil Chopra, Kiley Graim, Alana S Weinstein, Robert Baertsch, Sofie R Salama, Kyle Ellrott, Manu Chopra, Theodore C Goldstein, David Haussler, Olena Morozova, Joshua M Stuart
Vast amounts of molecular data are being collected on tumor samples, which provide unique opportunities for discovering trends within and between cancer subtypes. Such cross-cancer analyses require computational methods that enable intuitive and interactive browsing of thousands of samples based on their molecular similarity. We created a portal called TumorMap to assist in exploration and statistical interrogation of high-dimensional complex "omics" data in an interactive and easily interpretable way. In the TumorMap, samples are arranged on a hexagonal grid based on their similarity to one another in the original genomic space and are rendered with Google's Map technology...
November 1, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081367/first-case-of-new-delhi-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-in-klebsiella-pneumoniae-from-ecuador-an-update-for-south-america
#13
Daniel Romero-Alvarez, Jorge Reyes, Viviana Quezada, Carolina Satán, Nelson Cevallos, Sofía Barrera, Gabriel Trueba, Luis E Escobar, José E Villacís
OBJECTIVES: To describe a clinical case of Klebsiella pneumoniae harboring a New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM) plasmid in Ecuador and to present a map of reports of NDM isolates in South America. METHODS: The modified Hodge test, carbapenem inactivation method, imipenem-EDTA disk method (synergy), and Rapidec Carba NP test were used to identify antibiotic resistance mechanisms. The presence of resistance genes was explored with a conjugation assay, and molecular confirmation of NDM was performed by PCR and DNA sequencing...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063574/public-health-and-epidemiology-informatics
#14
R Thiébaut, F Thiessard
Objectives: To summarize current research in the field of Public Health and Epidemiology Informatics. Methods: The complete 2016 literature concerning public health and epidemiology informatics has been searched in PubMed and Web of Science, and the returned references were reviewed by the two section editors to select 14 candidate best papers. These papers were then peer-reviewed by external reviewers to allow the editorial team an enlightened selection of the best papers. Results: Among the 829 references retrieved from PubMed and Web of Science, three were finally selected as best papers...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063573/best-paper-selection
#15
(no author information available yet)
Kite J, Foley BC, Grunseit AC, Freeman B. Please Like Me: Facebook and Public Health Communication. PLoS One 2016;11(9) http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0162765 Sharpe JD, Hopkins RS, Cook RL, Striley CW. Evaluating Google, Twitter, and Wikipedia as Tools for Influenza Surveillance Using Bayesian Change Point Analysis: A Comparative Analysis. JMIR Public Health Surveill 2016 20;2(2) http://publichealth.jmir.org/2016/2/e161/ Tran A, Trevennec C, Lutwama J, Sserugga J, Gély M, Pittiglio C, Pinto J, Chevalier V...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044895/surveying-all-public-drinking-water-fountains-in-a-city-outdoor-field-observations-and-google-street-view
#16
Nick Wilson, Louise Signal, George Thomson
OBJECTIVE: Drinking fountains are a public amenity that may help counter the obesogenic environment (sugary beverages) and reduce the risk of heat stroke during heat waves. As a case study, we aimed to survey all public fountains in a city: Wellington, New Zealand, and to determine the utility of Google Street View in studying drinking fountains. METHODS: Using a sample of all public drinking fountains in a City Council map, a field observer assessed their exact location and tap functionality, and photographed them...
October 18, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035317/systematic-review-land-cover-meteorological-and-socioeconomic-determinants-of-aedes-mosquito-habitat-for-risk-mapping
#17
REVIEW
Mohamed F Sallam, Chelsea Fizer, Andrew N Pilant, Pai-Yei Whung
Asian tiger and yellow fever mosquitoes (Aedes albopictus and Ae. aegypti) are global nuisances and are competent vectors for viruses such as Chikungunya (CHIKV), Dengue (DV), and Zika (ZIKV). This review aims to analyze available spatiotemporal distribution models of Aedes mosquitoes and their influential factors. A combination of five sets of 3-5 keywords were used to retrieve all relevant published models. Five electronic search databases were used: PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, and Google Scholar through 17 May 2017...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989890/systematic-review-on-vitamin-d-level-in-apparently-healthy-indian-population-and-analysis-of-its-associated-factors
#18
REVIEW
Sandhiya Selvarajan, Vikneswaran Gunaseelan, Nishanthi Anandabaskar, Alphienes Stanley Xavier, Sureshkumar Srinivasamurthy, Sadish Kumar Kamalanathan, Jaya Prakash Sahoo
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D which is involved in the maintenance of bone mineral homeostasis has been found to portray various pleiotropic effects. Although it has been widely accepted that serum 25-hydroxy Vitamin D level above 30 ng/ml is considered optimal for the biological actions of Vitamin D, there is a need to explore the levels of Vitamin D reported among Indians from various regions of the country. Hence, this systematic review aims to appraise the status of Vitamin D levels reported from apparently healthy Indians across various parts of India...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972450/the-emerging-landscape-of-reimbursement-of-regenerative-medicine-products-in-the-uk-publications-policies-and-politics
#19
Aurélie Mahalatchimy, Alex Faulkner
AIM: This paper aims to map the trends and analyze key institutional dynamics that constitute the policies for reimbursement of regenerative medicine (RM), especially in the UK. MATERIALS & METHODS: Two quantitative publications studies using Google Scholar and a qualitative study based on a larger study of 43 semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: Reimbursement has been a growing topic of publications specific to RM and independent from orphan drugs...
September 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964270/silva-tree-viewer-interactive-web-browsing-of-the-silva-phylogenetic-guide-trees
#20
Alan Beccati, Jan Gerken, Christian Quast, Pelin Yilmaz, Frank Oliver Glöckner
BACKGROUND: Phylogenetic trees are an important tool to study the evolutionary relationships among organisms. The huge amount of available taxa poses difficulties in their interactive visualization. This hampers the interaction with the users to provide feedback for the further improvement of the taxonomic framework. RESULTS: The SILVA Tree Viewer is a web application designed for visualizing large phylogenetic trees without requiring the download of any software tool or data files...
September 30, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
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