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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382224/recutclub-com-an-open-source-whole-slide-image-based-pathology-education-system
#1
Paul A Christensen, Nathan E Lee, Michael J Thrall, Suzanne Z Powell, Patricia Chevez-Barrios, S Wesley Long
BACKGROUND: Our institution's pathology unknown conferences provide educational cases for our residents. However, the cases have not been previously available digitally, have not been collated for postconference review, and were not accessible to a wider audience. Our objective was to create an inexpensive whole slide image (WSI) education suite to address these limitations and improve the education of pathology trainees. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed residents regarding their preference between four unique WSI systems...
2017: Journal of Pathology Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379077/perils-of-using-speed-zone-data-to-assess-real-world-compliance-to-speed-limits
#2
Anna Chevalier, Elizabeth Clarke, Aran John Chevalier, Julie Brown, Kristy Coxon, Rebecca Ivers, Lisa Keay
OBJECTIVE: Real world driving studies, including those involving speeding alert devices and autonomous vehicles, can gauge an individual vehicle's speeding behaviour by comparing measured speed with mapped speed zone data. However, there are complexities with developing and maintaining a database of mapped speed zones over a large geographic area that may lead to inaccuracies within the dataset. When this approach is applied to large-scale real world driving data or speeding alert device data to determine speeding behaviour, these inaccuracies may result in invalid identification of speeding...
April 5, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360246/evidence-on-health-promoting-lifestyle-practices-and-information-and-communication-technologies-scoping-review-protocol
#3
Elizabeth M Joseph-Shehu, Busisiwe P Ncama
INTRODUCTION: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) play a key role in improving health and maintaining health promoting behaviours. ICTs are therefore one potential solution for promoting healthy lifestyles. In addition, they can assist in the reduction and control of the menace of both communicable and non-communicable diseases. This study will map evidence of interventions that demonstrate the effect of ICTs on health-promoting lifestyle practices that can prevent and control diseases...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358685/robust-and-efficient-depth-reconstruction-with-hierarchical-confidence-based-matching
#4
Li Sun, Ke Chen, Mingli Song, Dacheng Tao, Gang Chen, Chun Chen
In recent years, taking photos and capturing videos with mobile devices has become increasingly popular. Emerging applications based on the depth reconstruction technique have been developed, such as Google lens blur. However, depth reconstruction is difficult due to occlusions, non-diffuse surfaces, repetitive patterns and textureless surfaces, and it has become more difficult due to the unstable image quality and uncontrolled scene condition in the mobile setting. In this paper, we present a novel hierarchical framework with multi-view confidence-based matching for robust, efficient depth reconstruction in uncontrolled scenes...
March 24, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356438/googling-service-boundaries-for-endovascular-clot-retrieval-hub-hospitals-in-a-metropolitan-setting-proof-of-concept-study
#5
Thanh G Phan, Richard Beare, Jian Chen, Benjamin Clissold, John Ly, Shaloo Singhal, Henry Ma, Velandai Srikanth
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is great interest in how endovascular clot retrieval hubs provide services to a population. We applied a computational method to objectively generate service boundaries for such endovascular clot retrieval hubs, defined by traveling time to hub. METHODS: Stroke incidence data merged with population census to estimate numbers of stroke in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. Traveling time from randomly generated addresses to 4 endovascular clot retrieval-capable hubs (Royal Melbourne Hospital [RMH], Monash Medical Center [MMC], Alfred Hospital [ALF], and Austin Hospital [AUS]) estimated using Google Map application program interface...
March 29, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348833/microreact-visualizing-and-sharing-data-for-genomic-epidemiology-and-phylogeography
#6
Silvia Argimón, Khalil Abudahab, Richard J E Goater, Artemij Fedosejev, Jyothish Bhai, Corinna Glasner, Edward J Feil, Matthew T G Holden, Corin A Yeats, Hajo Grundmann, Brian G Spratt, David M Aanensen
Visualization is frequently used to aid our interpretation of complex datasets. Within microbial genomics, visualizing the relationships between multiple genomes as a tree provides a framework onto which associated data (geographical, temporal, phenotypic and epidemiological) are added to generate hypotheses and to explore the dynamics of the system under investigation. Selected static images are then used within publications to highlight the key findings to a wider audience. However, these images are a very inadequate way of exploring and interpreting the richness of the data...
November 2016: Microbial Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346130/defining-health-information-exchange-scoping-review-of-published-definitions
#7
Ather Akhlaq, Aziz Sheikh, Claudia Pagliari
OBJECTIVE: The term Health Information Exchange (HIE) is often used in health informatics, yet uncertainties remain about its precise meaning. This study aimed to capture and analyse existing definitions in order to map variations in its use and the concepts associated with it. METHODS: Systematic literature search to identify published definitions of HIE and equivalent terms such as Clinical Information Exchange. Medline, Web of Science, Library Information Science and Technology Abstracts, EMBASE and CINAHL Plus were searched to identify relevant research, and Google to identify grey literature...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335766/barriers-to-the-conduct-and-application-of-research-in-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-a-systematic-review
#8
Yasamin Veziari, Matthew J Leach, Saravana Kumar
BACKGROUND: The popularity of Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has grown considerably over the past few decades. This has been accompanied by increasing public pressure for CAM to be evidence-based. Notwithstanding, the conduct and application of research in CAM faces a number of obstacles. No systematic review has mapped these barriers to date. Therefore, this systematic literature review aimed to explore, identify and map the barriers to the conduct and application of research in CAM...
March 23, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322456/seasonality-of-auricular-amputations-in-rabbits
#9
Kathleen Yaremchuk, Vigen Darian, Amy M Williams
This retrospective observational analysis hypothesizes that an increase occurs in online reports and images of auricular amputations of confectionary rabbits during the spring. Using the online search engine Google, online content and visual portrayals of confectionary rabbit auricular amputations from 2012 to 2017 were identified and trended against seasonal variations. To determine incidence, commercial availability of chocolate rabbits in retail facilities were assayed. A statistically significant increase in mention of rabbit auricular amputations occurred during the spring...
April 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259575/google-maps-offers-a-new-way-to-evaluate-claudication
#10
Husain Khambati, Kim Boles, Prasad Jetty
BACKGROUND: Accurate determination of walking capacity is important for the clinical diagnosis and management plan for patients with peripheral arterial disease. The current "gold standard" of measurement is walking distance on a treadmill. However, treadmill testing is not always reflective of the patient's natural walking conditions, and it may not be fully accessible in every vascular clinic. The objective of this study was to determine whether Google Maps, the readily available GPS-based mapping tool, offers an accurate and accessible method of evaluating walking distances in vascular claudication patients...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195030/extra-terra-incognita-martian-maps-in-the-digital-age
#11
Lisa Messeri
Science and technology studies (STS) and critical cartography are both asking questions about the ontological fixity of maps and other scientific objects. This paper examines how a group of NASA computer scientists who call themselves The Mapmakers conceptualizes and creates maps in service of different commitments. The maps under construction are those of alien Mars, produced through partnerships that NASA has established with Google and Microsoft. With the goal of bringing an experience of Mars to as many people as possible, these maps influence how we imagine our neighbouring planet...
February 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178850/the-threshold-distance-associated-with-walking-from-home-to-school
#12
Carlos Rodríguez-López, Zeus M Salas-Fariña, Emilio Villa-González, Milkana Borges-Cosic, Manuel Herrador-Colmenero, Jesús Medina-Casaubón, Francisco B Ortega, Palma Chillón
Active commuting to school has health implications among young people. We aimed to (a) examine the patterns of commuting to school in children and adolescents regarding gender and area of residence, (b) study the association between distance from home to school and mode of commuting, and (c) identify the threshold distance below which young people are more likely to walk to school. A total of 6,004 students aged 7 to 18 years from Spain participated in this study. Mode of commuting was self-reported and distance was objectively measured using Google Maps software...
February 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163918/health-system-performance-assessment-landscape-at-the-eu-level-a-structured-synthesis-of-actors-and-actions
#13
Nataša Perić, Maria M Hofmarcher-Holzhacker, Judit Simon
BACKGROUND: Many policy makers and other stakeholders in the EU have expressed interest in better understanding the performance of their own health systems to identify opportunities for improvement in effectiveness, efficiency and equity. Health system performance assessment (HSPA) has received considerable attention at EU level as an instrument to improve transparency and accountability. This is equally important for population health and sustainable health spending. The goal of this paper is to synthesise and map the current state and developments in the field of HSPA relevant in the EU context and by this aid the navigation in the growing HSPA system, understand the available tools and identify opportunities for improvement...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119163/compassion-fatigue-a-meta-narrative-review-of-the-healthcare-literature
#14
REVIEW
Shane Sinclair, Shelley Raffin-Bouchal, Lorraine Venturato, Jane Mijovic-Kondejewski, Lorraine Smith-MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Compassion fatigue describes a work-related stress response in healthcare providers that is considered a 'cost of caring' and a key contributor to the loss of compassion in healthcare. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to critically examine the construct of compassion fatigue and to determine if it is an accurate descriptor of work-related stress in healthcare providers and a valid target variable for intervention. DESIGN: Meta-narrative review...
April 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117724/ubiquitous-emergency-medical-service-system-based-on-wireless-biosensors-traffic-information-and-wireless-communication-technologies-development-and-evaluation
#15
Tan-Hsu Tan, Munkhjargal Gochoo, Yung-Fu Chen, Jin-Jia Hu, John Y Chiang, Ching-Su Chang, Ming-Huei Lee, Yung-Nian Hsu, Jiin-Chyr Hsu
This study presents a new ubiquitous emergency medical service system (UEMS) that consists of a ubiquitous tele-diagnosis interface and a traffic guiding subsystem. The UEMS addresses unresolved issues of emergency medical services by managing the sensor wires for eliminating inconvenience for both patients and paramedics in an ambulance, providing ubiquitous accessibility of patients' biosignals in remote areas where the ambulance cannot arrive directly, and offering availability of real-time traffic information which can make the ambulance reach the destination within the shortest time...
January 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100764/drip-n-ship-versus-mothership-for-endovascular-treatment-modeling-the-best-transportation-options-for-optimal-outcomes
#16
Matthew S W Milne, Jessalyn K Holodinsky, Michael D Hill, Anders Nygren, Chao Qiu, Mayank Goyal, Noreen Kamal
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is uncertainty regarding the best way for patients outside of endovascular-capable or Comprehensive Stroke Centers (CSC) to access endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke. The role of the nonendovascular-capable Primary Stroke Centers (PSC) that can offer thrombolysis with alteplase but not endovascular treatment is unclear. A key question is whether average benefit is greater with early thrombolysis at the closest PSC before transportation to the CSC (Drip 'n Ship) or with PSC bypass and direct transport to the CSC (Mothership)...
March 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097074/resources-available-for-autism-research-in-the-big-data-era-a-systematic-review
#17
Reem Al-Jawahiri, Elizabeth Milne
Recently, there has been a move encouraged by many stakeholders towards generating big, open data in many areas of research. One area where big, open data is particularly valuable is in research relating to complex heterogeneous disorders such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The inconsistencies of findings and the great heterogeneity of ASD necessitate the use of big and open data to tackle important challenges such as understanding and defining the heterogeneity and potential subtypes of ASD. To this end, a number of initiatives have been established that aim to develop big and/or open data resources for autism research...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095886/the-dynamics-of-hiv-transmission-in-out-of-school-young-heterosexual-men-in-south-africa-a-systematic-scoping-review-protocol
#18
Nonzwakazi Ntombela, Tivani P Mashamba-Thompson, Andile Mtshali, Anna Voce, Ayesha B M Kharsany
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, gender inequality dominated by males and heterosexual HIV epidemic are associated with high HIV infection. Underlying epidemiological and social determinants driving HIV acquisition and transmission are critical to understand the extent and complexity of sexual networks as primary mechanisms through which HIV is likely to spread. The aim of the study is to provide an overview of empiric evidence that links the complex interaction of risk of HIV infection in men...
January 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086877/treating-the-invisible-gaps-and-opportunities-for-enhanced-tb-control-along-the-thailand-myanmar-border
#19
Naomi Tschirhart, Sein Sein Thi, Lei Lei Swe, Francois Nosten, Angel M Foster
BACKGROUND: In Thailand's northwestern Tak province, contextual conditions along the border with Myanmar pose difficulties for TB control among migrant populations. Incomplete surveillance data, migrant patient mobility, and loss to follow-up make it difficult to estimate the TB burden and implement effective TB control measures. This multi-methods study examined tuberculosis, tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus co-infection, and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis treatment accessibility for migrants and refugees in Tak province, health system response, and public health surveillance...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057609/intellicare-an-eclectic-skills-based-app-suite-for-the-treatment-of-depression-and-anxiety
#20
David C Mohr, Kathryn Noth Tomasino, Emily G Lattie, Hannah L Palac, Mary J Kwasny, Kenneth Weingardt, Chris J Karr, Susan M Kaiser, Rebecca C Rossom, Leland R Bardsley, Lauren Caccamo, Colleen Stiles-Shields, Stephen M Schueller
BACKGROUND: Digital mental health tools have tended to use psychoeducational strategies based on treatment orientations developed and validated outside of digital health. These features do not map well to the brief but frequent ways that people use mobile phones and mobile phone apps today. To address these challenges, we developed a suite of apps for depression and anxiety called IntelliCare, each developed with a focused goal and interactional style. IntelliCare apps prioritize interactive skills training over education and are designed for frequent but short interactions...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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