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Dong-Mug Kang, Jong-Eun Kim, Ju-Young Kim, Hyun-Hee Lee, Young-Sik Hwang, Young-Ki Kim, Yong-Jin Lee
BACKGROUND: Because of the long asbestos-related disease latencies (10-50 years), detection, diagnosis, and epidemiologic studies require asbestos exposure history. However, environmental asbestos exposure source (EAES) data are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To survey the available data for past EAES and supplement these data with interviews. METHODS: We constructed an EAES database using a literature review and interviews of experts, former traders, and workers...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Nicholas M Wilkinson, Luong Van Duc
There has been much recent interest in using local knowledge and expert opinion for conservation planning, particularly for hard-to-detect species. However experts' knowledge is often geographically restricted relative to the area of interest. While it is possible to ask for direct estimation of quantities such as population size, relative abundance is easier to estimate. Here we present a new approach combining a Rapid Rural Appraisal method based on community maps with a rank aggregation procedure employing Google's PageRank algorithm...
October 8, 2016: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
Yuting Zhou, Xiangming Xiao, Yuanwei Qin, Jinwei Dong, Geli Zhang, Weili Kou, Cui Jin, Jie Wang, Xiangping Li
Accurate and up-to-date information on the spatial distribution of paddy rice fields is necessary for the studies of trace gas emissions, water source management, and food security. The phenology-based paddy rice mapping algorithm, which identifies the unique flooding stage of paddy rice, has been widely used. However, identification and mapping of paddy rice in rice-wetland coexistent areas is still a challenging task. In this study, we found that the flooding/transplanting periods of paddy rice and natural wetlands were different...
April 2016: International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation: ITC Journal
Julius R Dewald, Douglas O Fuller, Günter C Müller, John C Beier
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of Anopheles resting habitats is needed to advance outdoor malaria vector control. This study presents a technique to map locations of resting habitats using high-resolution satellite imagery (world view 2) and probabilistic Dempster-Shafer (D-S) modelling, focused on a rural village in southern Mali, West Africa where field sampling was conducted to determine outdoor habitat preferences of Anopheles gambiae, the main vector in the study area. METHODS: A combination of supervised and manual image classification was used to derive an accurate land-cover map from the satellite image that provided classes (i...
2016: Malaria Journal
V Gopalakrishnan, R Baskaran, B Venkatraman
A decision support system (DSS) is implemented in Radiological Safety Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research for providing guidance for emergency decision making in case of an inadvertent nuclear accident. Real time gamma dose rate measurement around the stack is used for estimating the radioactive release rate (source term) by using inverse calculation. Wireless gamma dose logging network is designed, implemented, and installed around the Madras Atomic Power Station reactor stack to continuously acquire the environmental gamma dose rate and the details are presented in the paper...
August 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Karim El Ferkh, Bright Nwaru, Chris Griffiths, Aziz Sheikh
INTRODUCTION: Asthma is a common long-term disorder with a number of related comorbid conditions, which may affect asthma outcomes. There is a need for greater appreciation for understanding how these comorbidities interact with asthma in order to improve asthma outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To systematically identify and map out key asthma comorbidities. METHODS: We will systematically search the following electronic databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsycINFO and Google Scholar...
2016: BMJ Open
Alberto Dionigi, Carla Canestrari
Within the past decade, there has been a surge of interest in investigating the effects of clown intervention in a large variety of clinical settings. Many studies have focused on the effects of clown intervention on children. However, few studies have investigated clowning effects on adults. This paper presents an overview of the concept of medical clowning followed by a literature review conducted on the empirical studies drawn from three data bases (PubMed, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar), with the aim of mapping and discussing the evidence of clowning effects on non-children, namely adults...
August 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
Fei Gao, Wahida Kihal, Nolwenn Le Meur, Marc Souris, Séverine Deguen
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of geographical healthcare accessibility in residential areas provides crucial information to public policy. Traditional methods - such as Physician Population Ratios (PPR) or shortest travel time - offer only a one-dimensional view of accessibility. This paper developed an improved indicator: the Index of Spatial Accessibility (ISA) to measure geographical healthcare accessibility at the smallest available infra-urban level, that is, the Îlot Regroupé pour des Indicateurs Statistiques...
2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
Lori E A Bradford, Udoka Okpalauwaekwe, Cheryl L Waldner, Lalita A Bharadwaj
BACKGROUND: Many Indigenous communities in Canada live with high-risk drinking water systems and drinking water advisories and experience health status and water quality below that of the general population. A scoping review of research examining drinking water quality and its relationship to Indigenous health was conducted. OBJECTIVE: The study was undertaken to identify the extent of the literature, summarize current reports and identify research needs. DESIGN: A scoping review was designed to identify peer-reviewed literature that examined challenges related to drinking water and health in Indigenous communities in Canada...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Leo Beletsky, Jaime Arredondo, Dan Werb, Alicia Vera, Daniela Abramovitz, Joseph J Amon, Kimberly C Brouwer, Steffanie A Strathdee, Tommi L Gaines
BACKGROUND: As geospatial data have become increasingly integral to health and human rights research, their collection using formal address designations or paper maps has been complicated by numerous factors, including poor cartographic literacy, nomenclature imprecision, and human error. As part of a longitudinal study of people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico, respondents were prompted to georeference specific experiences. RESULTS: At baseline, only about one third of the 737 participants were native to Tijuana, underscoring prevalence of migration/deportation experience...
2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
Neva C Durand, James T Robinson, Muhammad S Shamim, Ido Machol, Jill P Mesirov, Eric S Lander, Erez Lieberman Aiden
Hi-C experiments study how genomes fold in 3D, generating contact maps containing features as small as 20 bp and as large as 200 Mb. Here we introduce Juicebox, a tool for exploring Hi-C and other contact map data. Juicebox allows users to zoom in and out of Hi-C maps interactively, just as a user of Google Earth might zoom in and out of a geographic map. Maps can be compared to one another, or to 1D tracks or 2D feature sets.
July 2016: Cell Systems
Emma Chiaramello, Francesco Pinciroli, Alberico Bonalumi, Angelo Caroli, Gabriella Tognola
Information extraction from narrative clinical notes is useful for patient care, as well as for secondary use of medical data, for research or clinical purposes. Many studies focused on information extraction from English clinical texts, but less dealt with clinical notes in languages other than English. This study tested the feasibility of using "off the shelf" information extraction algorithms to identify medical concepts from Italian clinical notes. Among all the available and well-established information extraction algorithms, we used MetaMap to map medical concepts to the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS)...
July 18, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Lisa C Kelley, Samuel G Evans, Matthew D Potts
Understandings of contemporary forest cover loss are critical for policy but have come at the expense of long-term, multi-directional analyses of land cover change. This is a critical gap given (i) profound reconfigurations in land use and land control over the past several decades and (ii) evidence of widespread "woodland resurgence" throughout the tropics. In this paper, we argue that recent advancements within the field of land change science provide new opportunities to address this gap. In turn, we suggest that multi-decadal and multi-directional analyses of land cover change can facilitate richer social analyses of land cover change and more relevant conservation policies and practice...
July 15, 2016: Global Change Biology
Anna Maria Luigia Rossetti, Alessandra Lettieri, Laura Greco, Adriana Dalponte
: . Systems for the assessment of patients' complexity: a narrative review of the literature. INTRODUCTION: An effective and efficient caseload management ensures that patients receive the right care by the right person at the right time. Several systems are used in Italy to measure patients' complexity. AIM: To describe and compare the characteristics of the systems for measuring patients' complexity, used in Italy from 1994 to 2015. METHODS: A search was conducted on PubMed, CINAHL, Medline, Cochrane Library, and on Google, with the same key-words...
April 2016: Assistenza Infermieristica e Ricerca: AIR
Natalia Krzyzaniak, Beata Bajorek
OBJECTIVES: To describe pharmacist practice and roles performed in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) worldwide and to map these findings along the medicines management pathway (MMP). METHOD: Quasi-systematic review. SEARCH STRATEGY: Google Scholar, Medline/PubMed and Embase were searched utilising the selected MeSH terms. RESULTS: Thirty sources of information were reviewed. Overall, pharmacist practice in the NICU involves a wide-range of roles, with the most commonly reported involving patient medication chart review, therapeutic drug monitoring and the provision of medication information...
June 21, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Jai Ram Rideout, John H Chase, Evan Bolyen, Gail Ackermann, Antonio González, Rob Knight, J Gregory Caporaso
BACKGROUND: Bioinformatics software often requires human-generated tabular text files as input and has specific requirements for how those data are formatted. Users frequently manage these data in spreadsheet programs, which is convenient for researchers who are compiling the requisite information because the spreadsheet programs can easily be used on different platforms including laptops and tablets, and because they provide a familiar interface. It is increasingly common for many different researchers to be involved in compiling these data, including study coordinators, clinicians, lab technicians and bioinformaticians...
2016: GigaScience
Devendra Kumar Biswal, Manish Debnath, Graciously Kharumnuid, Welfrank Thongnibah, Veena Tandon
Most metazoan parasites that invade vertebrate hosts belong to three phyla: Platyhelminthes, Nematoda and Acanthocephala. Many of the parasitic members of these phyla are collectively known as helminths and are causative agents of many debilitating, deforming and lethal diseases of humans and animals. The North-East India Helminth Parasite Information Database (NEIHPID) project aimed to document and characterise the spectrum of helminth parasites in the north-eastern region of India, providing host, geographical distribution, diagnostic characters and image data...
2016: PloS One
Marcelo Ghilardi, Julio Junior, Isabel Manssour
In this paper we propose a model for crosswalk detection and localization by using satellite images captured from Google Maps, for the purpose of assisting visually impaired people. The detection is performed by a SVM classifier, which is combined with Google Road Map to speed up computation time and to eliminate some possible false alarms. We assume that a visually impaired person holds a smartphone with an embedded GPS, which is used to initialize the extraction of images from Google Maps, as well as to assist its user by providing audio feedback of the nearest detected crosswalk...
May 25, 2016: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
Kai Ivar Müller, Karl Bjørnar Alstadhaug, Svein Ivar Bekkelund
BACKGROUND: The feasibility of telemedicine in diagnosing and treating nonacute headaches, such as primary headaches (migraine and tension-type) and medication-overuse headaches has not been previously investigated. By eliminating the need of travel to specialists, telemedicine may offer significant time and money savings. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to estimate the acceptance of telemedicine and investigate the feasibility and cost savings of telemedicine consultations in diagnosing and treating nonacute headaches...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Karima Moumane, Ali Idri, Alain Abran
This paper presents an empirical study based on a set of measures to evaluate the usability of mobile applications running on different mobile operating systems, including Android, iOS and Symbian. The aim is to evaluate empirically a framework that we have developed on the use of the Software Quality Standard ISO 9126 in mobile environments, especially the usability characteristic. To do that, 32 users had participated in the experiment and we have used ISO 25062 and ISO 9241 standards for objective measures by working with two widely used mobile applications: Google Apps and Google Maps...
2016: SpringerPlus
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